CN103444414A - Efficient culture method of dragon fruits - Google Patents

Efficient culture method of dragon fruits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103444414A
CN103444414A CN2013104069266A CN201310406926A CN103444414A CN 103444414 A CN103444414 A CN 103444414A CN 2013104069266 A CN2013104069266 A CN 2013104069266A CN 201310406926 A CN201310406926 A CN 201310406926A CN 103444414 A CN103444414 A CN 103444414A
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water
fertilizer
hole
nutrient
liquid fertilizer
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CN2013104069266A
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Chinese (zh)
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凌爱秋
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凌爱秋
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Priority to CN2013104069266A priority Critical patent/CN103444414A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to an efficient culture method of dragon fruits, which comprises the concrete steps of punching several moisture and nutrition storage holes around a dragon fruit plant; diluting fertilizer into a liquid-form nutrition solution; absorbing the nutrition solution by a water-retaining agent to enable the nutrition solution to be formed into solid nutrition solution fertilizer; filling the solid nutrition solution fertilizer into the storage holes; slowly releasing water and fertilizer in the solid nutrition solution fertilizer in the storage holes for being absorbed by a grape plant. After the solid nutrition solution fertilizer in the storage holes is completely released, the water-retaining agent has a function of repeatedly absorbing multiple times of water, then water and fertilizer are filled into the storage holes, the water-retaining agent in the storage holes is used for absorbing and curing water and fertilizer nutrition again, and releasing the water and fertilizer nutrition when the plant is dry for being absorbed by the grape plant. The problem that root rotting of the dragon fruits due to heavily watering is solved; water and fertilizer are fixed and then slowly released, so that the dragon fruits can be completely and uniformly absorbed for a long time, and water and fertilizer are prevented from running off and being wasted. The efficient culture method has the characteristics that the investment is little, the process is simple, the operation is easy, the effect is obvious, and the like.

Description

The dragon fruit efficient cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant growing technology, be specifically related to a kind of dragon fruit efficient cultivation method.
Background technology
Dragon fruit is a kind of drought-enduring plant, but it but needs more abundant moisture content in process of growth, because the growth of the moisture content major effect root system of plant in soil, root system development obtains whether stalwartness directly has influence on plant whether can Fast Growth.If dragon fruit planting site long-term lacking moisture content will cause the even original sturdy pedicel of dragon fruit growth retardation slowly to wither.Between 5 annual~November, on the occasion of dragon fruit, yield positive results the phase, the required moisture content of dragon fruit plant now is larger, and the water-holding capacity in the maximum soil of the required moisture content of fruit expanding period remains on 50~80 for well especially.But, if too much especially lacking the root of oxygen dragon fruit, the moisture content in soil just easily rots, the waterflooding time surpasses half a day plant will be dead.Therefore, discharge and must carry out the management of science for the liquid manure of dragon fruit.
The general employing of the fertilizing method of dragon fruit spreaded manuer in holes, spread fertilizer over the fields and row replacement, and irrigate, is generally to adopt furrow irrigation or water band microspray irrigation after fertilising, and each operation of taking turns all can spend a large amount of artificial.Adopt channel, pipeline irrigation measure in dragon fruit production, though can increase irrigation efficiency, these production measures need supporting corresponding facilities and equipments, drop into huge.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned technology and provide a kind of dragon fruit to cultivate the efficient cultivation method of sustainable water conservation, fertilizer conservation.Specifically: utilize water-loss reducer can repeatedly absorb the function of hundreds of times water, first fertilizer is diluted to aqueous nutrient solution, then by water-loss reducer, it is absorbed the solid nutrient liquid fertilizer; Make a call to 5~6 moisture, nutrient storage hole in dragon fruit plant surrounding, then the solid nutrient liquid fertilizer is filled and stored hole, Jiang Shui, fertilizer discharge for the grapevine seedling absorption solid nutrient solution in storage pit slowly again.Utilize water-loss reducer can repeatedly absorb the function of hundreds of times water, after solid nutrient solution in storage pit has discharged, can fill water toward storage pit, the water-loss reducer in storage pit solidifies moisture absorption again, during arid, discharges slowly for grapevine seedling again and absorbs; In the time of need to appending fertilizer, first fertilizer is diluted to the nutrient liquid fertilizer of required concentration, then nutrient liquid fertilizer toward filling with in storage pit to full, the water-loss reducer in storage pit can absorb nutrient solution to solidify again, and discharging for the grape maternal plant slowly absorbs.The present invention has not only solved to pour water in a large number and can cause rotten of dragon fruit, and liquid manure is fixed up, then discharges slowly, and dragon fruit can be for a long time, balanced and completely for absorption, and rich water does not run off, do not waste.
Water-loss reducer is a kind of artificial synthetic high molecular polymer, has superelevation water suction and water retention property.It can absorb at the utmost point moisture of own wt more than hundred times in the short time, after water suction, expand to form hydrogel, restores to the original state again after releasing water, can repeatedly absorb water, release water.Both at home and abroad water-loss reducer is had much in the application study aspect agricultural, forestry, but the application on dragon fruit is not also a lot.Water-loss reducer application in the present invention, make technical matters of the present invention embody small investment, simple, the easy operation of technique, instant effect on dragon fruit is produced, and the fertile new technology system of the drought resisting, water saving, joint that can bring distinct economic, can penetration and promotion application in the dragon fruit orchard worker widely.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of dragon fruit efficient cultivation method, comprise the steps: in technical scheme
1, prepare liquid manure and store hole: it is 8~10cm that layout is made a call to 5~6 diameters in dragon fruit plant surrounding, is that moisture, the nutrient storage hole of 20~30cm is standby deeply.
2, prepare nutrient liquid fertilizer: according to the essential fertilizer of nutrient of each growth cycle needs of dragon fruit, it is standby that the concentration that then should dilute according to fertilizer is diluted with water to aqueous nutrient liquid fertilizer.
3, prepare the solid nutrient liquid fertilizer: application water suction multiple is that the water-loss reducer of 150~250 times is as carrier, then the part by weight by water-loss reducer and nutrient liquid fertilizer is 1:150~250, water-loss reducer is rendered in nutrient liquid fertilizer, after 20~30 minutes, water-loss reducer all absorbs nutrient liquid fertilizer that to get up into solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer standby.
4, solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer application method: layout is all filled respectively to solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer in 5~6 moisture, the nutrient storage hole of dragon fruit plant surrounding, then hole is covered tight with plastic foil.
5, store the hole water and fertilizer management: after the solid nutrient solution in the storage hole has discharged, can fill water toward storing hole, the water-loss reducer of storing in hole solidifies moisture absorption again, discharges slowly during arid again and supplies the dragon fruit plant to absorb; In the time of need to appending fertilizer, first fertilizer is diluted to the nutrient liquid fertilizer of required concentration, then nutrient liquid fertilizer is filled with to full toward storing in hole, the water-loss reducer of storing in hole can absorb nutrient solution to solidify again, and discharging for the dragon fruit plant slowly absorbs.
6, store the hole final-period management: when toward storing to pour water in hole or during nutrient solution, not finding that water-loss reducer solidifies its absorption, illustrate that water-loss reducer is degraded, need the water-loss reducer that again more renew.
The present invention has the following advantages:
1, the rational rational application of fertilizers of nutritional need that the present invention can need according to each growth cycle of dragon fruit, be prepared into solid-state fertilizer the nutrient liquid fertilizer that more easily allows dragon fruit absorb, and preparation technology is simple, random large.
2, the invention process, not only having solved pours water in a large number can cause rotten of dragon fruit, and liquid manure is fixed up, during release, be slowly, dragon fruit can be for a long time, balanced and completely for absorbing, rich water does not run off, does not waste, utilization rate of fertilizer is high, means that fertilizing amount reduces, thereby saving fertilizer, Decrease production cost.
3, the invention process, water use efficiency obviously improves, and water consumption only has 1/3rd of drip irrigation.
4, in the present invention, applied water-loss reducer can absorb, store rich water repeatedly, slowly discharges the function of rich water during arid again.
5, the invention process, can accomplish Tree Precise Fertilization, and the dragon fruit growing way is even, and concentrate harvest time.
6, the invention process, because water and fertilizer management is reasonable, science, the dragon fruit robust growth, show as high yield and high quality.
7, the invention process, dragon fruit can be gathered in the crops in advance, has relatively improved the availability in soil.
8, the present invention does not need to drop into infrastructure, and small investment, technique are simple, easily operation, effect are remarkable, can penetration and promotion application in the orchard worker widely.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, method of the present invention is further illustrated.
A kind of dragon fruit efficient cultivation method, embodiment is as follows:
1, prepare liquid manure and store hole: it is 8~10cm that layout is made a call to 5~6 diameters in dragon fruit plant surrounding, is that moisture, the nutrient storage hole of 20~30cm is standby deeply.
2, prepare nutrient liquid fertilizer: according to the essential fertilizer of nutrient of each growth cycle needs of dragon fruit, it is standby that the concentration that then should dilute according to fertilizer is diluted with water to aqueous nutrient liquid fertilizer.
3, prepare the solid nutrient liquid fertilizer: application water suction multiple is that the water-loss reducer of 150~250 times is as carrier, then the part by weight by water-loss reducer and nutrient liquid fertilizer is 1:150~250, water-loss reducer is rendered in nutrient liquid fertilizer, after 20~30 minutes, water-loss reducer all absorbs nutrient liquid fertilizer that to get up into solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer standby.
4, solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer application method: layout is all filled respectively to solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer in 5~6 moisture, the nutrient storage hole of dragon fruit plant surrounding, then hole is covered tight with plastic foil.
5, store the hole water and fertilizer management: after the solid nutrient solution in the storage hole has discharged, can fill water toward storing hole, the water-loss reducer of storing in hole solidifies moisture absorption again, discharges slowly during arid again and supplies the dragon fruit plant to absorb; In the time of need to appending fertilizer, first fertilizer is diluted to the nutrient liquid fertilizer of required concentration, then nutrient liquid fertilizer is filled with to full toward storing in hole, the water-loss reducer of storing in hole can absorb nutrient solution to solidify again, and discharging for the dragon fruit plant slowly absorbs.
6, store the hole final-period management: when toward storing to pour water in hole or during nutrient solution, not finding that water-loss reducer solidifies its absorption, illustrate that water-loss reducer is degraded, need the water-loss reducer that again more renew.

Claims (1)

1. the dragon fruit efficient cultivation method, is characterized in that comprising the steps:
(1) prepare liquid manure and store hole: it is 8~10cm that layout is made a call to 5~6 diameters in dragon fruit plant surrounding, is that moisture, the nutrient storage hole of 20~30cm is standby deeply;
(2) prepare nutrient liquid fertilizer: according to the essential fertilizer of nutrient of each growth cycle needs of dragon fruit, it is standby that the concentration that then should dilute according to fertilizer is diluted with water to aqueous nutrient liquid fertilizer;
(3) prepare the solid nutrient liquid fertilizer: application water suction multiple is that the water-loss reducer of 150~250 times is as carrier, then the part by weight by water-loss reducer and nutrient liquid fertilizer is 1:150~250, water-loss reducer is rendered in nutrient liquid fertilizer, after 20~30 minutes, water-loss reducer all absorbs nutrient liquid fertilizer that to get up into solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer standby;
(4) solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer application method: layout is all filled respectively to solid shape nutrient liquid fertilizer in 5~6 moisture, the nutrient storage hole of dragon fruit plant surrounding, then hole is covered tight with plastic foil;
(5) store the hole water and fertilizer management: after the solid nutrient solution in the storage hole has discharged, can fill water toward storing hole, the water-loss reducer of storing in hole solidifies moisture absorption again, discharges slowly during arid again and supplies the dragon fruit plant to absorb; In the time of need to appending fertilizer, first fertilizer is diluted to the nutrient liquid fertilizer of required concentration, then nutrient liquid fertilizer is filled with to full toward storing in hole, the water-loss reducer of storing in hole can absorb nutrient solution to solidify again, and discharging for the dragon fruit plant slowly absorbs;
(6) store the hole final-period management: when toward storing to pour water in hole or during nutrient solution, not finding that water-loss reducer solidifies its absorption, illustrate that water-loss reducer is degraded, need the water-loss reducer that again more renew.
CN2013104069266A 2013-09-10 2013-09-10 Efficient culture method of dragon fruits Pending CN103444414A (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103931399A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-07-23 张家港市现代农业投资有限公司 Dragon fruit planting method
CN103947399A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-30 黄福忠 Efficient cultivation method of tomatoes
CN104255158A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-01-07 云南元江县丰年农业发展有限公司 Method for applying fertilizer at aerial root node of dragon fruit plant
CN104365217A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-02-25 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Pitaya bonsai planting method
CN105009899A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-04 田东县八闽农业综合开发有限公司 Production management method for improving pitaya quality by light source
CN105874998A (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-08-24 肖志雄 Randia cochinchinensis tree high-efficiency cultivation and management method
CN108094028A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-01 田东县举家富现代农业开发有限公司 A kind of liquid manure efficient management during mango cultivation of fruit tree
CN109906891A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-06-21 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A method of bringing back to life the withered plant of dragon fruit

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN102754572A (en) * 2011-04-26 2012-10-31 北京化工大学 Plant cultivating substrate as well as preparation method and application of same
CN103155831A (en) * 2011-12-10 2013-06-19 何寒 Sustainable water and fertilizer conservation production technique for banana cultivation

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102754572A (en) * 2011-04-26 2012-10-31 北京化工大学 Plant cultivating substrate as well as preparation method and application of same
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN103155831A (en) * 2011-12-10 2013-06-19 何寒 Sustainable water and fertilizer conservation production technique for banana cultivation

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103947399A (en) * 2014-03-28 2014-07-30 黄福忠 Efficient cultivation method of tomatoes
CN103931399A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-07-23 张家港市现代农业投资有限公司 Dragon fruit planting method
CN103931399B (en) * 2014-04-22 2015-10-21 蔡汝 Dragon fruit implantation methods
CN105874998A (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-08-24 肖志雄 Randia cochinchinensis tree high-efficiency cultivation and management method
CN104255158A (en) * 2014-10-22 2015-01-07 云南元江县丰年农业发展有限公司 Method for applying fertilizer at aerial root node of dragon fruit plant
CN104365217A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-02-25 太仓市丰缘农场专业合作社 Pitaya bonsai planting method
CN105009899A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-04 田东县八闽农业综合开发有限公司 Production management method for improving pitaya quality by light source
CN108094028A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-01 田东县举家富现代农业开发有限公司 A kind of liquid manure efficient management during mango cultivation of fruit tree
CN109906891A (en) * 2019-04-19 2019-06-21 福建省农业科学院果树研究所 A method of bringing back to life the withered plant of dragon fruit

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