CN103441320B - A kind of method of stable erection fine sight horn antenna and test A-frame - Google Patents

A kind of method of stable erection fine sight horn antenna and test A-frame Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103441320B
CN103441320B CN201310310693.XA CN201310310693A CN103441320B CN 103441320 B CN103441320 B CN 103441320B CN 201310310693 A CN201310310693 A CN 201310310693A CN 103441320 B CN103441320 B CN 103441320B
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China
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antenna
sight
horn antenna
horn
central point
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310310693.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103441320A (en
Inventor
杨会民
朱震
陈珺
卜云萍
王道酉
王毅
李平
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UNIT 63892 OF PLA
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UNIT 63892 OF PLA
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Abstract

The present invention relates to antenna stabilization equipment technical field, disclose a kind of method and test A-frame of stable erection fine sight horn antenna, the A-frame of employing comprises: aerial head support, antenna holder sleeve, foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage; Described aerial head casing support is connected with foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage by antenna holder sleeve; The horn antenna that described aerial head support is arranged 3 fixed mount holders, the retractable support arm tilted by two and the master arm of a level are formed; Described retractable support arm is connected and composed by expansion link and 180 ° of suckers rotated; Described master arm is provided with the front and back sight that reception antenna is quick and precisely aimed at microwave signal source; Reception antenna can be aimed at rapidly microwave signal radiation source by the present invention, makes received signal power maximum; Simultaneously by horn antenna and tripod stable bond; Add counterweight by antenna counterweight support, antenna tripod is stably fixed on ground.

Description

A kind of method of stable erection fine sight horn antenna and test A-frame
[technical field]
The present invention relates to antenna stabilization equipment technical field, particularly relate to a kind of method and test A-frame of stable erection fine sight horn antenna.
[background technology]
At present, when using horn antenna to carry out every test, need reception antenna fine sight transmitting antenna, maximum to ensure received power, in actual testing engineering, microwave signal emission source accurately aimed at by reception antenna is a job very consuming time, especially transmitting antenna and reception antenna distant time.
Use standard horn antenna carry out test from 0.77GHz ~ 40GHz received power time, need standard horn antenna 10 1 pair, antenna model and frequency test scope as follows: TX-9BZ15.5 standard antenna, frequency range 0.77 ~ 1.15GHz; TX-14BZ15.5 standard antenna, frequency range 1.13 ~ 1.73GHz; TX-22BZ15.5 standard antenna, frequency range 1.72 ~ 2.61GHz; TX-32BZ15.5 standard antenna, frequency range 2.6 ~ 3.95GHz; TX-48BZ15.5 standard antenna, frequency range 3.94 ~ 5.99GHzTX-70BZ15.5 standard antenna, frequency range 5.38 ~ 8.17GHz; TX-100BZ20 standard antenna, frequency range 8.2 ~ 12.5GHz; TX-140BZ20 standard antenna, frequency range 12.5 ~ 18.0GHz; TX-220BZ20 standard antenna, frequency range 18.0 ~ 26.5GHz; TX-320BZ20.7, frequency range 26.5 ~ 40.0GHz; One by one the test antenna of each frequency range is changed, by receiving reception antenna, to aim at transmitting antenna be a process very consuming time again, need the level angle of constantly adjustment reception antenna and luffing angle to realize reception antenna and aim at transmitting antenna, ensure that received power is maximum.
At present, only lean on a base screw to fix because conventional horn antenna is connected with general antenna holder, when the horn antenna that erection frequency range is lower, because antenna weighs tens kilograms even tens kilograms, cause antenna to be connected shakiness with antenna holder.
When testing in the wild, in order to ensure microwave signal emission source and reception antenna sighting condition, need to be erected at by reception antenna on mountain top or checkout tower, wind is often larger, test days coil holder accidentally will be caused to topple over, cause antenna to damage.
Similar situation is existed equally for other horn antennas such as double-ridged horn antennas.
[summary of the invention]
In order to overcome the deficiency in background technology, the invention provides a kind of method and test A-frame of stable erection fine sight horn antenna, reception antenna fast and easy can be ensured, accurately aim at emission source, test horn antenna is connected with antenna holder is stable, ensure that antenna holder is integrally-built stable simultaneously, can not be blown down by strong wind.
In order to realize foregoing invention object, the present invention adopts technical scheme as follows:
A test A-frame for stable erection fine sight horn antenna, comprising: aerial head support 1, antenna holder sleeve 2, foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage 3; Described aerial head casing support 1 provides antenna holder sleeve 2 to be connected with foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage 3; Described aerial head support 1 is provided with horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders of fixing horn antenna, horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders are made up of the master arm 5 of two retractable support arms 4 tilted and a level; Described retractable support arm 4 is connected and composed by expansion link 4.1 and 180 ° of suckers 4.2 rotated; Described master arm 5 is provided with central point scale 6; The master arm 5 indicating central point scale is provided with the front and back sight 7 that reception antenna is quick and precisely aimed at microwave signal source, and sight slideway is on the center line of horn antenna frame holder.
A test A-frame for stable erection fine sight horn antenna, the central point scale 6 of described master arm can slide anteroposterior, and central point scale 6 is provided with vertical scale.
A kind of test A-frame of stable erection fine sight horn antenna, described sight 7 is sight stretched vertically bar structure, be made up of scale slide plate 7.2 combination of gun sight 7.1 and upper and lower synchronization telescope, with gun sight 7.1 horizontal sight hole for center line, the device of the equidistant stretching of scale slide plate 7.2 of two ends synchronization telescope.
A test A-frame for stable erection fine sight horn antenna, described foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage 3 is connected and composed by base sleeve 3.1 and tripod 3.2, and the bottom of tripod 3.2 is provided with leg and assists pressing plate 3.3.
A method for stable erection fine sight horn antenna, its step is as follows:
1, frame foldable antenna counterweight support, struts tripod 3.2, and when wind is large, assisted by leg pressing plate 3.3 to open, horizontal positioned on the ground, presses counterweight, is fixedly secured by tripod on the ground;
2, again antenna holder sleeve 2 is arranged on the base sleeve 3.1 of foldable antenna counterweight support;
3, then on antenna holder sleeve 2, aerial head support 1 is inserted, two suckers 4.2 of retractable support arm 4 tilted of horn antenna 3 the fixed mount holders on aerial head support 1 and the master arm 5 of a level, be stably fixed together horn antenna 8 by fixed screw;
4, adjust horn antenna, make antenna oscillator aim at radiation source in vertical direction, concrete steps are as follows:
A. sight slideway is arranged on the center line of antenna holder holder, ensures to make sight vertical aiming hole and antenna oscillator on same vertical plane,
B. first front and back sight is blocked antenna back seat, then sight horizontal sight hole site is determined,
C. again fore sight is pushed into fixed mount front end along sight slideway, the sight hole and the radiation source that then adjust forward and backward sight vertical aiming mirror 7.1 are sight alignment, and sight horizontal sight hole is remained with antenna oscillator in same level; Make front and back pipper aim at radiation source, also make antenna oscillator aim at radiation source in vertical direction; Also just can ensure to connect horn antenna just to signal radiation source, ensure that received power is maximum.
Owing to adopting technical scheme as above, the present invention has following superiority:
Fine sight stablizes a horn antenna test tripod for erection, reception antenna can be aimed at rapidly microwave signal radiation source, make received signal power maximum; Simultaneously by horn antenna and tripod stable bond; Add counterweight by antenna counterweight support, antenna tripod is stably fixed on ground.
Horn antenna sight of the present invention, sight slideway is on the center line of antenna holder holder, this makes it possible to ensure that sight vertical aiming hole and antenna oscillator are on same vertical plane, as long as the vertical Miao Zhun hole of forward and backward sight and radiation source sight alignment, just can ensure that antenna oscillator aims at radiation source in vertical direction.Forward and backward sight is blocked antenna base, sight stretched vertically bar be one with sight horizontal Miao Zhun hole for the equidistant stretching device in center line two ends, ensure the horizontal Miao Zhun hole of sight remain with antenna oscillator in same level.During actual test, front and back sight first blocks antenna back seat, horizontal for sight Miao Zhun hole site is determined, fore sight is pushed into fixed mount front end along sight slideway, as long as radiation source is aimed at by pipper before and after ensureing like this, just can ensure that reception antenna is just to signal radiation source, ensure that received power is maximum.
Horn antenna of the present invention 3 fixed mount holders, antenna is fixedly secured by the retractable support arm of bottom fixed screw and two band suckers by antenna; Aerial head support is inserted in antenna sleeve, fixed by fixed screw, such antenna, aerial head support and tripod are stably fixed together, by former antenna by the mode that single-point and tripod are fixing change into 3 fixed, considerably increase the stability that antenna is combined with tripod;
Foldable antenna counterweight support of the present invention, when not needing, antenna holder counterweight support-folding is on tripod leg, and when wind is larger, antenna holder holder opened, horizontal positioned on the ground, presses counterweight, is fixedly secured on the ground by tripod.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the integrally-built schematic diagram of antenna holder;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of retractable support arm;
Fig. 4 is sight structure chart;
Fig. 5 is foldable antenna counterweight support.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4,5, a kind of test A-frame of stable erection fine sight horn antenna, comprising: aerial head support 1, antenna holder sleeve 2, foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage 3; Described aerial head casing support 1 provides antenna holder sleeve 2 to be connected with foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage 3; Described aerial head support 1 is provided with horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders of fixing horn antenna, horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders are made up of the master arm 5 of two retractable support arms 4 tilted and a level; Described retractable support arm 4 is connected and composed by expansion link 4.1 and 180 ° of suckers 4.2 rotated; Described master arm 5 is provided with central point scale 6; The master arm 5 indicating central point scale is provided with the front and back sight 7 that reception antenna is quick and precisely aimed at microwave signal source, and sight slideway is on the center line of horn antenna frame holder.
The central point scale 6 of described master arm can slide anteroposterior, and central point scale 6 is provided with vertical scale.
Described sight 7 is sight stretched vertically bar structure, and being made up of scale slide plate 7.2 combination of gun sight 7.1 and upper and lower synchronization telescope, is with gun sight 7.1 horizontal sight hole for center line, the device of the equidistant stretching of scale slide plate 7.2 of two ends synchronization telescope.
Described foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage 3 is connected and composed by base sleeve 3.1 and tripod 3.2, and the bottom of tripod 3.2 is provided with leg and assists pressing plate 3.3.
A method for stable erection fine sight horn antenna, its step is as follows:
1, frame foldable antenna counterweight support, struts tripod 3.2, and when wind is large, assisted by leg pressing plate 3.3 to open, horizontal positioned on the ground, presses counterweight, is fixedly secured by tripod on the ground;
2, again antenna holder sleeve 2 is arranged on the base sleeve 3.1 of foldable antenna counterweight support;
3, then on antenna holder sleeve 2, aerial head support 1 is inserted, two suckers 4.2 of retractable support arm 4 tilted of horn antenna 3 the fixed mount holders on aerial head support 1 and the master arm 5 of a level, be stably fixed together horn antenna 8 by fixed screw;
4, adjust horn antenna, make antenna oscillator aim at radiation source in vertical direction, concrete steps are as follows:
A. sight slideway is arranged on the center line of antenna holder holder, ensures to make sight vertical aiming hole and antenna oscillator on same vertical plane,
B. first front and back sight is blocked antenna back seat, then sight horizontal sight hole site is determined,
C. again fore sight is pushed into fixed mount front end along sight slideway, the sight hole and the radiation source that then adjust forward and backward sight vertical aiming mirror 7.1 are sight alignment, and sight horizontal sight hole is remained with antenna oscillator in same level; Make front and back pipper aim at radiation source, also make antenna oscillator aim at radiation source in vertical direction; Also just can ensure to connect horn antenna just to signal radiation source, ensure that received power is maximum.

Claims (5)

1. a test A-frame for stable erection fine sight horn antenna, is characterized in that: comprising: aerial head support (1), antenna holder sleeve (2), foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage (3); Described aerial head support (1) is connected with foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage (3) by antenna holder sleeve (2); Described aerial head support (1) is provided with horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders of fixing horn antenna, horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders are made up of the master arm (5) of two retractable support arms (4) tilted and a level; Described retractable support arm (4) is connected and composed by expansion link (4.1) and 180 ° of suckers (4.2) rotated; Described master arm (5) is provided with central point scale (6); The master arm (5) indicating central point scale is provided with reception antenna, master arm (5) is provided with fore sight (7), rear sight (7) that reception antenna is quick and precisely aimed at microwave signal source, fore sight (7), rear sight (7) lay respectively on respective central point scale, and sight (7) slideway is on the center line of horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders.
2. the test A-frame of a kind of stable erection fine sight horn antenna according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the central point scale (6) of described master arm can slide anteroposterior, and central point scale (6) is provided with vertical scale.
3. the test A-frame of a kind of stable erection fine sight horn antenna according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described sight (7) is sight stretched vertically bar structure, be made up of scale slide plate (7.2) combination of gun sight (7.1) and upper and lower synchronization telescope, with gun sight (7.1) horizontal sight hole for center line, the device of scale slide plate (7.2) the equidistant stretching of two ends synchronization telescope.
4. the test A-frame of a kind of stable erection fine sight horn antenna according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described foldable antenna counter-balanced carriage (3) is connected and composed by base sleeve (3.1) and tripod (3.2), base sleeve (3.1) is connected with antenna holder sleeve (2), and the bottom of tripod (3.2) is provided with leg and assists pressing plate (3.3).
5. a method for stable erection fine sight horn antenna, is characterized in that: its step is as follows:
1), frame foldable antenna counterweight support, strutted by tripod (3.2), when wind is large, assisted by leg pressing plate (3.3) to open, horizontal positioned on the ground, presses counterweight, is fixedly secured by tripod on the ground;
2), again antenna holder sleeve (2) is arranged on the base sleeve 3.1 of foldable antenna counterweight support;
3), then at antenna holder sleeve (2) upper insertion aerial head support (1), two of horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders on aerial head support (1) suckers (4.2) of retractable support arm (4) tilted and the master arm (5) of a level, be stably fixed together horn antenna (8) by fixed screw and retractable support arm (4) and master arm (5);
4), adjust horn antenna, make antenna oscillator aim at radiation source in vertical direction, concrete steps are as follows:
A. sight slideway is arranged on the center line of horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders, namely sight slideway is positioned at horn antenna (8) between a rear central point scale (6), ensures to make sight vertical aiming hole on central point scale (6) and antenna oscillator on same vertical plane;
B. first fore sight, rear sight are blocked antenna back seat, then the sight horizontal sight hole on fore sight, the sight horizontal sight hole site on rear sight are determined;
C. again the central point scale (6) of installation fore sight is pushed into the front end of horn antenna 3 fixed mount holders along sight slideway, then the sight vertical aiming hole before adjustment on central point scale (6), the sight vertical aiming hole on rear center's point scale (6) and radiation source are sight alignment, and sight horizontal sight hole is remained with antenna oscillator in same level; Make front and back pipper aim at radiation source, also make antenna oscillator aim at radiation source in vertical direction; Also just can ensure to connect horn antenna just to signal radiation source, ensure that received power is maximum.
CN201310310693.XA 2013-07-23 2013-07-23 A kind of method of stable erection fine sight horn antenna and test A-frame Expired - Fee Related CN103441320B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103746165B (en) * 2013-12-15 2015-08-19 绵阳富林岚科技有限责任公司 A kind of antenna system manual rotation lifting support
CN104466345B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-03-22 北京无线电计量测试研究所 Antenna, low noise amplifier and frequency mixer connection mechanism
CN105161851B (en) * 2015-08-18 2018-10-19 沈阳航空航天大学 manual antenna alignment device and method applied to radar simulator calibration process

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5986200A (en) * 1982-10-20 1984-05-18 Toshiba Corp Alignment device
US5576722A (en) * 1994-09-13 1996-11-19 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Mobile satellite antenna base and alignment apparatus
CN1163494A (en) * 1996-02-05 1997-10-29 南非第一国民银行有限公司 Directional antenna mounting
CN1753247A (en) * 2004-09-22 2006-03-29 中国科学院国家天文台 Portable parabolin antenna
CN102110867A (en) * 2011-01-16 2011-06-29 浙江大学 Spherical land-based inflatable antenna
CN203631715U (en) * 2013-07-23 2014-06-04 中国人民解放军63892部队 Test-used triangular support for stably erecting and accurately aiming at horn antenna

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5986200A (en) * 1982-10-20 1984-05-18 Toshiba Corp Alignment device
US5576722A (en) * 1994-09-13 1996-11-19 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Mobile satellite antenna base and alignment apparatus
CN1163494A (en) * 1996-02-05 1997-10-29 南非第一国民银行有限公司 Directional antenna mounting
CN1753247A (en) * 2004-09-22 2006-03-29 中国科学院国家天文台 Portable parabolin antenna
CN102110867A (en) * 2011-01-16 2011-06-29 浙江大学 Spherical land-based inflatable antenna
CN203631715U (en) * 2013-07-23 2014-06-04 中国人民解放军63892部队 Test-used triangular support for stably erecting and accurately aiming at horn antenna

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