CN103440347A - Common modeling method and system of heterogeneous disaster events - Google Patents

Common modeling method and system of heterogeneous disaster events Download PDF

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CN103440347A
CN103440347A CN2013104196806A CN201310419680A CN103440347A CN 103440347 A CN103440347 A CN 103440347A CN 2013104196806 A CN2013104196806 A CN 2013104196806A CN 201310419680 A CN201310419680 A CN 201310419680A CN 103440347 A CN103440347 A CN 103440347A
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disaster event
disaster
model
event
meta
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CN2013104196806A
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CN103440347B (en
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陈能成
杜文英
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武汉大学
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Abstract

The invention relates to a common modeling method and system of heterogeneous disaster events. The method comprises the steps of building a disaster event meta-modeling frame, building a mode structure of a disaster event meta-model and building a heterogeneous disaster event information model. The method and the system have the advantages and positive effects that the problems that existing heterogeneous disaster events lack effective description means and information models are not uniform are solved; the disaster event meta-model is built; four metadata components and eight-tuple node information description models are developed and the mapping relations between the geography markup language, the sensor model language, the event pattern markup language, sensor network common data information models and an event meta-model are designed; compared with existing disaster event management modes, the disaster event meta-model in the method and system provided by the invention comprehensively describes related information of the heterogeneous disaster events, thus providing supports for unified management and accurate discovery of the disaster events and proving that the method is beneficial to modeling of the heterogeneous disaster events and is more practical and reliable in disaster even management.

Description

A kind of heterogeneous Disaster Event universal modeling method and system

Technical field

The invention belongs to wisdom urban geographic information service technology field, relate in particular to a kind of heterogeneous Disaster Event universal modeling method and system.

Background technology

The frequent Disaster Event occurred has brought very grave disaster to us, not only caused huge direct economic loss, and the people's production, life and life security have greatly been affected, serious impact social economy and political life, become the great restraining factors (referring to document 1) of social development.Yet, due to interdiscipline and the cross-cutting property of Disaster Event, between different departments and application program, different event information modeling pattern makes between system and is difficult to compatibility, form " information island ", brought huge obstacle to information sharing and the interoperability in emergent field.

At present a lot of about the research of Disaster Event metadata, but defects of various degrees all, or do not possess cross-cutting feature, or structure too simply can not meet the demand of subsequent treatment and analysis.Therefore, general Disaster Event describing framework of current needs, describe with the Disaster Event information that realizes multi-resources Heterogeneous, is Disaster Event comprehensive emergency management provide support (referring to document 2).Current general Disaster Event early warning and description standard have general early warning agreement and emergency data to exchange two kinds of language.General early warning agreement (Common Alerting Protocol, CAP) comprise Alert, Info, tetra-parts of Resource and Area, it is a kind of simple and general Interchange Format, can realize the issue (referring to document 3) of disaster message between the early warning of all types Disaster Event and network, its focal point is early warning information, fails the Disaster Event self-information is carried out describing in detail and comprehensively; Emergency data exchange language (Emergency Data Exchange Language, EDXL) by EDXLDistribution, targetArea and contentObject tri-parts form, description to Disaster Event itself is too simple, can not meet Disaster Event information between different application and transmit and shared demand (referring to document 4); Except standard, the current research that also existence is much described about Disaster Event.The people such as Dalian University of Technology's fur coat south of the River utilize the general purpose event that has provided emergent field on the basis of existing standard to describe and extension mechanism in summary, the Disaster Event essential information has been provided to comparatively complete description, but lack the description to event cause-effect relationship and observation information, be unfavorable for follow-up event analysis and research (referring to document 2); The people such as Zhang Zimin have proposed the accident emergency response information model based on information sharing, but its realization is structure and the description of emergency information stream, to the description of event itself seldom; The people such as (referring to document 5) Tan have proposed the space-time event model the Internet of Things vision from the information science angle, but its event of thinking is not to be the Disaster Event on our common meaning, but the event of PC World, an i.e. observation behavior, so be not suitable for the description (referring to document 6) of Disaster Event; The people such as Scherp have proposed event model E vent-Model-F based on basic body DOLCE+DnS Ultralite, but article states that on large length ground the application-specific scene is to the demand of event model and the design concept of model, do not propose a complete event Meta model framework, with a kind of computer-readable language, the event Meta model framework is not carried out to formalized description (referring to document 7); In addition, also have some research of the event description about aspects such as video, the hydrology and the corresponding special event description standards such as earthquake, public health and chemical accident, but lack the event description mechanism that unification is complete.

In sum, the subject matter that current Disaster Event information description faces is:

(1) the different Disaster Event for type, also there is no at present the modeling mechanism that can be unified and describe comprehensively heterogeneous Disaster Event information, still lack a kind of can complete description Disaster Event information and embody the Disaster Event metadata schema of its otherness, to realize cross-domain Disaster Event information sharing and interoperability, and carry out the metadata item expansion according to the heterogeneity of dissimilar Disaster Event;

(2) for Disaster Event information, describe, the description of Disaster Event information at present only is confined to event essential information and the early warning information of particular type and describes, modeling object is single and method is different, the metadata information content is imperfect, the expression disunity, still the modeling tool and the system that lack a kind of unification, standard can't be carried out to Disaster Event the system description under unified framework.

Document 1: Han Baolei. the impact analysis of disaster and counter-measure thereof [J]. Shandong Textile economy, 2009 (2): 17-19.

Document 2: Qiu Jiangnan, Liu Lili, Xu Jing, Wang Yanzhang. the general Study on Metadata Standard [J] in emergent field. journal of information, 2012,06:149-155+161.

Document 3:OASIS Emergency Management Technical Committee.Common Alerting Protocol[EB/OL] .https: //www.oasis-open.org/committees/download.php/6334/oasis-20 0402-cap-core-1.0.pdf (visited2013-07-25).

Document 4:OASIS Emergency Management Technical Committee.Emergency Data Exchange Language (EDXL) Distribution Element[EB/OL] .http: //www.oasis-open.org/committees/download.php/13878/Emergen cy%20Data%20Exc hange%20Language%20 (EDXL) %20Distriubution%20Element.pdf (visited2013-07-23).

Document 5: Zhang Zimin, Zhou Ying, Li Qi, hair sunlight. the accident emergency response information model (I) based on information sharing: model definition [J]. China Safety Science journal, 2010,20 (8): 154-160.

Document 6:Tan Y, Vuran M C, Goddard S.Spatio-temporal event model for cyber-physical systems[C]: Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, 2009.ICDCS Workshops'09.29th IEEE International Conference on.IEEE, 2009:44-50.

Document 7:Ansgar Scherp, Thomas Franz, Carsten Saathoff, Steffen Staab.F--a model of events based on the foundational ontology dolce+DnS ultralight.K-CAP'09Proceedings of the fifthinternational conference on Knowledge capture.Yolanda Gil USC Information Sciences Institute, USA.137-144.

Summary of the invention

For the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention proposes a kind of general Disaster Event modeling method and system based on the MOF framework.

The present invention adopts meta modelling technique, built the first modeling framework of general Disaster Event of four-layer structure, based on Disaster Event information sharing and interoperability, the metadata needs analysis of efficient retrieval and management and subsequent analysis, extract emergent field existing metadata standard general character key element, and the harm of increase Disaster Event, the information such as cause and effect and observation, built a general extendible Disaster Event meta-model, four kinds of metadata members of Disaster Event information descriptor metamodel have been developed, a kind of information description scheme based on eight tuples has been proposed, and with event schema markup language (Event Pattern Markup Language, EML) be carrier, it is carried out to the formalization expression.

The technical solution used in the present invention is a kind of heterogeneous Disaster Event universal modeling method, comprises the following steps:

Step 1, build Disaster Event unit modeling framework, comprises following sub-step,

Build the hierarchical structure of Disaster Event unit modeling framework;

According to Disaster Event meta-model stratification relation, concept and relation that definition Disaster Event metamodel metadata comprises;

According to the regulatory requirement of Disaster Event, build the metadata member of Disaster Event descriptor metamodel;

According to the metadata member of Disaster Event, the Disaster Event information that builds eight tuple structure is described member;

According to the difference of Disaster Event inducement, build the Disaster Event taxonomic hierarchies;

Step 2, the mode configuration of structure Disaster Event meta-model, comprise following sub-step,

Build fundamental element and data type in Disaster Event meta-model pattern;

Build the common metadata group in Disaster Event meta-model pattern;

Metadata fields in structure Disaster Event meta-model pattern and the mapping relations of type;

Build the element type in Disaster Event meta-model pattern and the fundamental element comprised thereof;

Build the institutional framework in Disaster Event meta-model pattern;

Step 3, build heterogeneous Disaster Event information model, comprises following sub-step,

Analyze the required observation of dissimilar Disaster Event and causal event information, set up corresponding modeling template;

Completing the Disaster Event metadata information according to the modeling template fills;

According to Disaster Event meta-model pattern, the Disaster Event information model is carried out to model validation;

Build the XML coded document of eight tuple structure Disaster Event information models.

The technical solution used in the present invention is a kind of heterogeneous Disaster Event general modeling system, comprises with lower device:

For building the device of Disaster Event unit modeling framework, further comprise,

Device for the hierarchical structure that builds Disaster Event unit modeling framework;

Be used for according to Disaster Event meta-model stratification relation the concept that definition Disaster Event metamodel metadata comprises and the device of relation;

For the regulatory requirement according to Disaster Event, build the device of the metadata member of Disaster Event descriptor metamodel;

For the metadata member according to Disaster Event, the Disaster Event information that builds eight tuple structure is described the device of member;

For the difference according to the Disaster Event inducement, build the device of Disaster Event taxonomic hierarchies;

For building the mode configuration of Disaster Event meta-model, further comprise,

For building the fundamental element of Disaster Event meta-model pattern and the device of data type;

For building the device of common metadata group of Disaster Event meta-model pattern;

Device for the mapping relations that build the metadata fields of Disaster Event meta-model pattern and type;

The device of the fundamental element that is used for building the element type of Disaster Event meta-model pattern and comprises;

For building the device of institutional framework of Disaster Event meta-model pattern;

For building heterogeneous Disaster Event information model, further comprise,

For analyzing the required observation of dissimilar Disaster Event and causal event information, set up the device of corresponding modeling template;

For complete the device that the Disaster Event metadata information is filled according to the modeling template;

For according to Disaster Event meta-model pattern, the Disaster Event information model being carried out to the device of model validation;

For building the device of XML coded document of eight tuple structure Disaster Event information models.

Compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages and good effect:

(1) realize the unified description of Disaster Event information.The Disaster Event unit modeling framework that the present invention builds, there is clear and definite hierarchical structure, four kinds of metadata members of Disaster Event descriptor metamodel have been developed, the Disaster Event information descriptive model of eight tuple structure has been proposed, can be to self-described, the early warning of Disaster Event, trace to the source and the attribute information such as management carries out Unified Expression and describes comprehensively, be conducive to Disaster Event unified filing, accurately find fast, efficiently manage and analysis etc.

(2) on the basis of unified describing framework, provide the expansion of dissimilar Disaster Event information.The Disaster Event unit modeling framework that the present invention builds, aspect observation information, can be expanded according to different Disaster Event types, this extensible mechanism had both guaranteed the unified describing framework of Disaster Event, also take the otherness of dissimilar Disaster Event into account, be conducive to the Classification Management of Disaster Event and emergency processing etc.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the Disaster Event unit modeling hierarchical chart that in the embodiment of the present invention, the S1-1 step is set up.

Fig. 2 is the organization chart that eight tuple nodal informations of S1-4 step foundation in the embodiment of the present invention are described member.

Fig. 3 is the Disaster Event taxonomic hierarchies schematic diagram that in the embodiment of the present invention, the S1-5 step is set up.

Fig. 4 is the Disaster Event meta-model uml class figure that in the embodiment of the present invention, the S2-1 step is set up.

Fig. 5 is the mapping relations of metadata fields and type in the pattern that in the embodiment of the present invention, the S2-3 step is set up.

Fig. 6 is the Disaster Event meta-model Model Design process flow diagram that in the embodiment of the present invention, the S2-5 step is set up.

Fig. 7 is the flood event modeling flow process that the embodiment of the present invention provides.

Embodiment

Disaster Event meta-model proposed by the invention has built metadata component and the eight tuple structure information descriptive models of dissimilar Disaster Event modeling, can be for the Unified Expression of dissimilar Disaster Event, thereby Criterion event information storehouse, the information sharing while meeting an urgent need for Disaster Event between different system provides basis.

Below with specific embodiment, also the invention will be further described by reference to the accompanying drawings.

Embodiment is for the application scenarios of flood event, and flood is that the flood event is very high at China's occurrence frequency, has also caused serious economic loss and casualties because precipitation in the short time has exceeded the disastrous event that the basin drainability causes.In the face of dissimilar flood event information describing mode, the present invention describes demand by analyzing event information, integrate the Common Elements in the event information standard, and add the information such as cause and effect, observation and service of incoming event subsequent analysis needs, form the Disaster Event meta-model, the flood event is carried out to modeling, and the specific implementation flow process of embodiment is as follows:

Step S1: build Disaster Event meta-model modeling framework.

Step S1-1 builds the general frame of Disaster Event meta-model, and as shown in Figure 1, different levels have represented the different abstraction level of Disaster Event meta-model to first modeling framework of its four-layer structure.Embodiment, based on MOF unit modeling framework, builds the hierarchical structure of Disaster Event meta-model.Top-downly be divided into four layers, be followed successively by M3 metamodel metadata layer, M2 meta-model layer, M1 model layer and M0 event instance layer.This hierarchical structure has been portrayed modeling concept that the modeling of Disaster Event unit relates to and the relation between concept, and every one deck is the example of its last layer, is again the abstract of lower one deck simultaneously.

Step S1-2 is according to Disaster Event meta-model stratification relation, concept and relation that definition Disaster Event metamodel metadata comprises: this layer is that the top layer of Disaster Event unit modeling framework is abstract, modeling element and the concept of Disaster Event meta-model have been stipulated, comprise class, bag, association, quote, polymerization and data type, and realize the structure of meta-model and reuse by instantiation, extensive and nested three kinds of mechanism.

Embodiment has built Disaster Event meta metamodel layer.The M3 layer that is positioned at top is the meta metamodel layer, has defined key concept and the relation of Disaster Event meta-model, is higher level of abstraction as an example with meta-model, can define a plurality of meta-models.The meta-model concept of M3 layer definition relates generally to the modeling element such as class, bag, association.

Step S1-3 is according to the regulatory requirement of Disaster Event, build the metadata member of Disaster Event descriptor metamodel: each meta-model element that builds Disaster Event meta-model layer, carry out instantiation based on Disaster Event metamodel metadata layer element, comprise formalization meta-model, modeling facility meta-model and information descriptor metamodel, portrayed respectively Disaster Event formalization expression, modeling facility and information describing framework.Wherein the information descriptor metamodel is the core of Disaster Event modeling, has portrayed the general-purpose attribute of Disaster Event, comprises self-described, early warning, traces to the source and four kinds of metadata members such as management.

Embodiment has built three class meta-models of Disaster Event meta-model layer, it is the M2 layer, be respectively formalization meta-model, modeling facility meta-model and information descriptor metamodel, portrayed respectively the expression of Disaster Event information description form, modeling facility and information describing framework.Wherein Disaster Event information descriptor metamodel is the core of Disaster Event modeling, has defined the public attribute of Disaster Event.Angle from Disaster Event information sharing and interoperability, its general and sharing depends on Disaster Event self-described, early warning, traces to the source and management information, so the metadata member of Disaster Event meta-model may be summarized to be event self-described metadata, event early warning metadata, the event four large classes such as metadata and incident management metadata of tracing to the source.

Step S1-4 is according to the metadata member of Disaster Event, and the Disaster Event information that builds eight tuple structure is described member:

Build each model element of Disaster Event model layer, based on Disaster Event meta-model layer element, carry out instantiation, comprise that Disaster Event information descriptive model, modeling language and Disaster Event information describes member.According to four kinds of metadata members in the meta-model layer, it is a kind of eight tuple structure that Disaster Event information is described to definition of the component, comprise essential information, space time information, harm information, early warning information, cause and effect information, observation information, contact details and information on services, can be expressed as following form:

DE-Metadata={Basic?Info,Spatio-Temporal?Info,Damage?Info,Alert?Info,Causality?Info,Observation?Info,Contact?Info,Service?Info}。

Embodiment has built three class models of Disaster Event model layer, it is the M1 layer, be respectively that Disaster Event information descriptive model, modeling language (embodiment adopts event schema markup language EML) are described member with event information, this three class model is respectively the instantiation to event meta-model layer three class meta-model.Four kinds of metadata members according to the meta-model layer building, further refinement on this basis, it is a kind of eight tuple structure that event information is described to definition of the component, comprise essential information, space time information, harm information, early warning information, cause and effect information, observation information, contact details and information on services, and adopt the event schema markup language to encode to it, form the formalized description of Disaster Event meta-model, provide a description metadata, technical metadata, structural metadata, management of metadata.It is that its mutual relationship as shown in Figure 2 to the further refinement of Disaster Event metadata member that the information of eight tuple structure is described member.Event self-described member comprises essential information, space time information and the harm information of event, event early warning member comprises the early warning information of event, the event member of tracing to the source comprises cause and effect information and the observation information of event, and the incident management member comprises contact details and the information on services of event.

Step S1-5 is according to the difference that causes the Disaster Event reason, build the Disaster Event taxonomic hierarchies, it is the M0 layer, Disaster Event is divided into to disaster event and the large class of man induced event two, the disaster event can be further subdivided into again geophysics event, hydrometeorological event and biological event three major types, and its architecture as shown in Figure 3.The man induced event is due to the disastrous event with casualties and property loss that the mankind are former thereby cause, have burst and unpredictability, Typical Representative is trampled, traffic hazard, fire, industrial accident, war, nuclear explosion, calculated attack, nuclear radiation, Oil spills, action of terror etc.; The disaster event is as extensive precipitation due to natural cause, the disastrous event with casualties and property loss etc. that earth's crust acting force etc. causes, specifically, the geophysics event refers to the impact due to earth interior or applied external force, thereby cause the extensive deformation in earth's surface and then cause casualties and the process of property loss, Typical Representative has that earthquake, tsunami, volcanic explosion, landslide and tomography, earth's surface cave in, rockfall etc.; The hydrometeorology event refers to natural process or the phenomenon caused by reasons such as the atmosphere hydrology or ocean natures and causes direct loss and the process of casualties, comprises flood, rubble flow, lightning, desertification, tropical cyclone, prairie fire, storm, storm tide, extremely warm, freezing, snowslide, sandstorm and arid etc.; Biological event refers to that biological organic organ or its carrier, due to the extensive harm activity that is exposed to pathogen, microcosmic organic organization, toxin and biologically active tissue and causes, common are epidemic disease, infectious disease and superinfection etc.

Step S2: Disaster Event meta-model Model Design.

Step S2-1 builds fundamental element and the data type thereof in the Disaster Event meta-model: according to Disaster Event unit modeling framework, build fundamental element and data type thereof in Disaster Event meta-model pattern, comprise casualties and economic loss, event early warning, causal event Name and Description, event dependent observation and event information publisher contact details etc. that event title, event type, event seriousness, event cause.

The uml class figure that Fig. 4 is the Disaster Event meta-model, by event metadata class event metadata class (Disaster Event Metadata, DE_Metadata) be refined as DE_BasicInfo, DE_Spatio-TemporalInfo, DE_DamageInfo, DE_AlertInfo, DE_CausalityInfo, DE_ObservationInfo, eight subclasses of DE-ContactInfo and DE_ServiceInfo.Its detailed metadata elements, data type and constraint condition comprised is as shown in table 1.

Table 1 Disaster Event meta-model metadata elements information table

Annotate: in constraint condition, M represents Mandatory, i.e. indispensable element; O represents Optional, i.e. optional element.

Step S2-2 is according to Disaster Event meta-model metadata member, and defining mode common metadata group, comprise the four class Disaster Event universal element data messages such as event self-described, event early warning, event are traced to the source, incident management.

Step S2-3, according to metadata elements and the data type of S2-1 step definition, sets up itself and Sensor Model language SensorML, event schema markup language EML, geographical markup language GML and observation and measurement O& The mapping relations of respective meta-data field in the information models such as M, quote existing element definition, and the mapping relations of embodiment are as shown in table 2.

Table 2 Disaster Event meta-model metadata type and existing information model element mapping relations table

As shown in Figure 5; contact in metadata elements and information on services mapping SensorML metadata fields; cause and effect information mapping EML metadata type in metadata elements, the space time information mapping G ML metadata fields in metadata elements, the observation information mapping O&amp in metadata elements; The M metadata fields.

Step S2-4 builds the Disaster Event type and derives the element type of dissimilar Disaster Event, pattern fundamental element and common metadata group according to S2-1 and the definition of S2-2 step, build fundamental element and institutional framework and constraint that each event element type comprises.

Take flood event as example, need to analyze causal event and the required observation element type of flood event that causes flood event, pattern fundamental element and general set of metadata according to S2-1 and the definition of S2-2 step, build fundamental element, institutional framework and constraint condition etc. that flood event comprises.

Step S2-5, according to the event element of S2-4 step definition, builds the root element EventML of event meta-model pattern, institutional framework and the constraint of definition event meta-model pattern, as shown in Figure 6:

1. based on event unit modeling framework, structure pattern (Schema) fundamental element also defines data type and constraint condition

2. according to four kinds of metadata members of event meta-model, the common metadata group of defining mode (Schema);

3. set up the mapping relations of respective field and type in the basic metadata elements type of meta-model pattern (Schema) and Common Information Model;

4. derive concrete observation element type according to different Disaster Event types, define its fundamental element comprised and institutional framework;

5. build the root element of Disaster Event meta-model pattern (Schema), define its institutional framework and constraint condition;

According to 1., 2., 3. obtain, basic structure .xsd, according to the content .xsd that 4. is expanded, according to 5. obtaining total framework .xsd, can form Disaster Event meta-model pattern (Schema).

Wherein .xsd means the XML file.

Step S3: build the Disaster Event information model.

Step S3-1 analyzes the required observation of dissimilar Disaster Event and causal event information, set up corresponding modeling template: build Disaster Event modeling overall procedure, according to concrete application and task scene, the event taxonomic hierarchies of setting up based on the S1-5 step, analysis is shared data and the demand of interoperability, determine dissimilar object event information, can supplement Disaster Event observation information part in general framework, build corresponding modeling template.

Step S3-2 completes the Disaster Event metadata information according to the modeling template and fills: the Disaster Event meta-model pattern built according to the S2 step, by concrete modeling, realize the filling of eight tuple structure event informations.Can be for dissimilar Disaster Event, event information descriptor metamodel four class metadata members based on the definition of S1-3 step, analyze and need concrete metadata information and the data type described, the eight tuple description schemes that adopt the S1-4 step to set up are organized all kinds of metadata elements, then stuff event information.Can provide the modeling plate device during concrete enforcement, in the modeling plate device, according to eight tuple structure, design the event message input device, these event information input medias are divided into must action and option means.According to each event information input media requirement, insert and treat the modeling event information.

Step S3-3 carries out model validation according to Disaster Event meta-model pattern to the Disaster Event information model: binding events meta-model schema constrains, filled out event information data type, scope etc. are carried out to verification of correctness, if not by checking, provide miscue, according to the corresponding event information input of prompting corrigendum, until by checking.The demo plant that can supply a model during concrete enforcement is realized checking.

Step S3-4 builds the XML coded document of eight tuple structure Disaster Event information models: finally to the input of the data by above-mentioned checking, build event model XML instance document.The document generating apparatus that can supply a model during concrete enforcement, model document generating apparatus has designed multiple document fragment generating apparatus according to eight tuple structure, by combination document fragment is final, builds complete model instance document, as follows.

Take the flood event as example, and as shown in Figure 7, flood event modeling flow process comprises:

1. analyze the flood causal event and, to the demand of observation data, determine causal event and required observation data type.

2. adopt eight tuple structure information models to be organized target flood event metadata key element, the way of realization description.

3. carry out model validation according to Disaster Event meta-model Schema, object event information is expressed with the XML form.

Above-mentioned heterogeneous Disaster Event modeling method, unification and the structuring expression of heterogeneous Disaster Event information have been realized, be conducive on the one hand fast finding and the location of a certain detailed information in specific Disaster Event, improved on the other hand the efficiency of retrieving and find a certain specific Disaster Event in the magnanimity Disaster Event information numerous and disorderly in structure, that form is different.And, because this heterogeneous Disaster Event modeling method is based on, the event schema markup language of open geographic information alliance builds, and the standardization of its structure just makes by the present invention can carry out by the standard network means of services issue, subscription and the early warning of Disaster Event information.In addition, the information that can also provide according to this modeling method carry out Disaster Event the time, sky and theme visual, for the allotment of the emergency analysis of Disaster Event, rescue response and personnel and goods and materials etc. provides foundation and decision support, thereby can when Disaster Event occurs, strive for more effective time, reduce to greatest extent casualties and property loss.During concrete enforcement, can also adopt the computer software module mode that each step is embodied as respectively to corresponding module, a kind of heterogeneous Disaster Event general modeling system is provided.

Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute described concrete enforcement, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.

Claims (2)

1. a heterogeneous Disaster Event universal modeling method, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, build Disaster Event unit modeling framework, comprises following sub-step,
Build the hierarchical structure of Disaster Event unit modeling framework;
According to Disaster Event meta-model stratification relation, concept and relation that definition Disaster Event metamodel metadata comprises;
According to the regulatory requirement of Disaster Event, build the metadata member of Disaster Event descriptor metamodel;
According to the metadata member of Disaster Event, the Disaster Event information that builds eight tuple structure is described member;
According to the difference of Disaster Event inducement, build the Disaster Event taxonomic hierarchies;
Step 2, the mode configuration of structure Disaster Event meta-model, comprise following sub-step,
Build fundamental element and data type in Disaster Event meta-model pattern;
Build the common metadata group in Disaster Event meta-model pattern;
Metadata fields in structure Disaster Event meta-model pattern and the mapping relations of type;
Build the element type in Disaster Event meta-model pattern and the fundamental element comprised thereof;
Build the institutional framework in Disaster Event meta-model pattern;
Step 3, build heterogeneous Disaster Event information model, comprises following sub-step,
Analyze the required observation of dissimilar Disaster Event and causal event information, set up corresponding modeling template;
Completing the Disaster Event metadata information according to the modeling template fills;
According to Disaster Event meta-model pattern, the Disaster Event information model is carried out to model validation;
Build the XML coded document of eight tuple structure Disaster Event information models.
2. a heterogeneous Disaster Event general modeling system, is characterized in that, comprises with lower device:
For building the device of Disaster Event unit modeling framework, further comprise,
Device for the hierarchical structure that builds Disaster Event unit modeling framework;
Be used for according to Disaster Event meta-model stratification relation the concept that definition Disaster Event metamodel metadata comprises and the device of relation;
For the regulatory requirement according to Disaster Event, build the device of the metadata member of Disaster Event descriptor metamodel;
For the metadata member according to Disaster Event, the Disaster Event information that builds eight tuple structure is described the device of member;
For the difference according to the Disaster Event inducement, build the device of Disaster Event taxonomic hierarchies;
For building the mode configuration of Disaster Event meta-model, further comprise,
For building the fundamental element of Disaster Event meta-model pattern and the device of data type;
For building the device of common metadata group of Disaster Event meta-model pattern;
Device for the mapping relations that build the metadata fields of Disaster Event meta-model pattern and type;
The device of the fundamental element that is used for building the element type of dissimilar Disaster Event meta-model pattern and comprises;
For building the device of institutional framework of Disaster Event meta-model pattern;
For building heterogeneous Disaster Event information model, further comprise,
For analyzing the required observation of dissimilar Disaster Event and causal event information, set up the device of corresponding modeling template;
For complete the device that the Disaster Event metadata information is filled according to the modeling template;
For according to Disaster Event meta-model pattern, the Disaster Event information model being carried out to the device of model validation;
For building the device of XML coded document of eight tuple structure Disaster Event information models.
CN201310419680.6A 2013-09-13 2013-09-13 A kind of heterogeneous Disaster Event universal modeling method and system CN103440347B (en)

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