CN103437863B - Automobile exhaust purifier - Google Patents

Automobile exhaust purifier Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103437863B
CN103437863B CN201310146513.9A CN201310146513A CN103437863B CN 103437863 B CN103437863 B CN 103437863B CN 201310146513 A CN201310146513 A CN 201310146513A CN 103437863 B CN103437863 B CN 103437863B
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China
Prior art keywords
purifier
tail gas
exhaust
automobile
car
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201310146513.9A
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CN103437863A (en
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张军
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张军
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

Abstract

A kind of automobile exhaust purifier, comprise the transducer be connected with vehicle-exhaust exhaust pipe, the pipeline that the cellular fibronectin purifier connecting transducer is connected with cellular fibronectin purifier is four independent spaces but the seal case interconnected towards water filtration purifier, water filtration purifier.Common water is injected in seal case.Water is injected by the water intake on seal case top.Discharged by the drain valve of bottom, seal case is connected to the extraction pump installed in exhaust purifier casing by pipeline, and produce suction by extraction pump running, the tail gas of motor vehicle emission is drawn into cellular fibronectin purifier, vehicle exhaust filters out through cellular fibronectin purifier the particulate matter that motor vehicle exhaust emission produces, filtered tail gas enters four by pipeline and fills water but in the sealing radiator interconnected, the tail gas of motor vehicle emission is just by the filtration of water, filter out the harmful gas in tail gas, the heat in remainder particulate thing and vehicle exhaust.

Description

Automobile exhaust purifier
Technical field
The invention belongs to automobile and field of environment protection field, more specifically relate to a kind of rear tail gas purifier of car.
Background technique
The pollutant that vehicle exhaust is discharged mainly contains hydrocarbon, nitrogen oxygenate, carbon monoxide, particulate etc., and they are mainly through motor vehicle emission tube drainage.The harm caused environment due to automotive emissions is day by day serious, the Limited Doses of restricting vehicle toxic emission has all successively been formulated in countries in the world and area, the European norm that wherein European Union formulates is the reference standard that a most countries and area perform, vehicle exhaust also can give off a large amount of heats in discharge process simultaneously, announce according to world-renowned american car trade journal Wardsauto, reached 1,000,000,000 Global Auto quantity in 2012, and the owning amount of Chinese automobile is to the gtoal setting of 300,000,000.Along with the quickening of process of industrialization, physical environment by considerable damage, vegetation, forest and all can absorb, process the natural, ecological bad border of harmful gas that the mankind manufacture, also unable process consumes the poisonous and harmful rubbish of human being's production.
Automobile exhaust purifier has stronger purifying ability in solution motor vehicle exhaust emission, heat energy discharge.Can filter out the materials such as hydrocarbon, nitrogen oxygenate, carbon monoxide, particulate completely, the heat given off in simultaneously also conventional exhaust can being discharged sponges completely.Thus reach the actual usefulness of 0 discharge.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to by different technological processes and equipment, forms the tail gas clean-up handling process that a whole set of is perfect.By adapter ring, existing automobile tail gas pipe is connected to one section of fibrous filter pipe of cellular filter (see in Figure of description, accompanying drawing 2), the pipeline of tail gas again by connecting after cellular filter fiber conduit filters for the first time of motor vehicle emission enters automobile exhaust purifier, then entering in 4 different seal containers, the water of 70% capacity is added in seal container, the tail gas of motor vehicle emission enters in the water tank of connection by pipeline, is filtered by the tail gas of discharge by the water tank of 4 UNICOMs with the form of water filtration.Simultaneously additional extraction pump is from the end extracting air of water tank, vehicle exhaust enters in different sealing radiators under the effect of negative pressure, fall by the water filtration in 4 sealing radiators the toxic gas and heat that cellular fibronectin filter do not filter out, thus reach the object of filtering tail gas.
Concrete workflow step is as follows
Upon actuation, automobile circuit connects the electronic equipment on automobile exhaust purifier to automobile, and start working after being arranged on the sensor power on exhaust purifier, sensor is triggered by the workmanship of motor and starts the electronic air extracting pump of automobile exhaust purifier.Extraction pump enters working state, extracting air from exhaust duct.
After workmanship by the motor vehicle exhaust emission of generation out, the vehicle exhaust given off is connected to cellular filter fibre equipment by adapter ring and carries out first time filtration motor car engine, and the air after filtration enters the sealing radiator of 4 UNICOMs from exhaust purifier pipeline.
After the vehicle exhaust given off enters sealing radiator, fallen the heat in tail gas, residual particulate matter by water filtration, the materials such as hydrocarbon, hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, are filtered layer by layer by 4 sealing radiators, finally give off clean gas.
Sensor can control the extraction pump rotational velocity of exhaust purifier according to the rotating speed of motor car engine.
The electric energy of sensor and extraction pump is supplied by automobile storage battery.
Water in sealing radiator, after work two time-of-week, just needs the water again more renewed, and the water valve by automobile exhaust purifier is installed emits and becomes dirty waste water, injects clean tap water simultaneously.
Remarkable advantage of the present invention is:
One, equipment de-sign is reasonable, does not do any repacking for dissimilar automobile.Automobile for different fuel can use.Easy for installation, do not need the personnel of specialty to get final product installation and maintenance.
Two, divide two-step purification, vehicle exhaust purifies end from giving off to, total two-step purification process, and two-step purification can make purification efficiency and quality more secure.
Three, equipment combination is simple, from the installation of automobile exhaust pipe adapter ring, to the fibrolaminar replacing of cellular filter, to the discharge at any time of purifying waste water, operates all very simple.
Four, user cost is cheap, and required cost is just produced, installation cost, and in use car owner can water in self-changeable filter plant.And without the need to increasing extra cost.The working life of equipment is just designed to consistent with effective service life of vehicle at the design initial stage.During vehicle scrapping and equipment task time terminate.
Five, cleaning of off-gas efficiency is high, and the heat energy simultaneously discharged by automobile also dilutes completely.Open if popularized in an all-round way, effectively can alleviate the global warming effect that the earth causes due to motor vehicle exhaust emission heat energy.
Six, for different outlet pipe quantity, the outlet pipe of outlet pipe moulding, different size, is all connected with equipment by switching interface.And do not need to do any change to vehicle.
Seven, equipment appearance design meets industrial design standard.At automobile tail, under bottom, vehicle frame is installed, and installs and only needs simple instrument can be fixed on chassis by equipment, do not affect the outward appearance of automobile.
Purifying waste water eight, in seal container only needs regularly to discharge voluntarily, changes.Do not affect overall purifying effect.The waste water discharged can not pollute surrounding environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1, be automobile exhaust purifier planimetric map.Arrow in figure represent the vehicle exhaust given off the processing links of process, in Fig. 1, each vehicle indicator section is described as follows: numbering 1, automobile exhaust purifier adapter ring interface, can connect external switching interface, the interface of connection can mate the offgas duct of current any moulding and size.Numbering 2, cellular fibronectin filter (first layer filtration) can connect 1.Numbering 3, automobile exhaust purifier shell (cast aluminium alloy casing) numbering 4, sealed water tank; numbering 5, damping layer (the sound insulation damping encapsulant layer between automobile exhaust purifier shell and cast aluminium alloy casing; for the equipment in noise when minimizing equipment works and protection casing and the packing that adds); the pipeline of numbering 6, connection adapter ring cellular fibronectin filter, pipeline is connected with sealing radiator.Numbering 7, connection speed sensor, the control circui panel of extraction pump; Numbering 8, velocity transducer; Numbering 9, connection speed sensor, the control circui panel of extraction pump; Numbering 10, extraction pump; Numbering 11, exhaust duct; Numbering 12, the air of discharging after purification.
Fig. 2 is the required cellular fibronectin filter profile figure installed of automobile exhaust purifier.Present the sectional drawing of cellular fibronectin filter.In Fig. 2, each vehicle indicator section is described as follows: numbering 13, cellular fibronectin filter housing tube wall.(material can be metal or composite material); Numbering 14, cellular fibronectin filter central filler, protective layer (cellular fibronectin in the middle of main protection can not be subject to the extrusion-deformation of external force); Numbering 15, cellular fibronectin layer (layer of fibers is by different fibrous polymer together, and arranges fibroblast dimension shape, has the function of particulate matter in absorbed air).Numbering 16, honeycomb frame structure.
Fig. 3 is cellular fibronectin filter enlarged view.
Fig. 4 is automobile exhaust purifier automobile chassis scheme of installation, by illustrating the position showing that exhaust purifier is installed.In Fig. 4, each vehicle indicator section is described as follows: numbering 17, automobile exhaust purifier seal case; Numbering 18, automobile exhaust purifier rear portion connect adapter ring and cellular fibronectin filters locations; Numbering 19, automobile exhaust purifier install automobile tail diagram.
Embodiment
Embodiment: according to the data obtained after market survey in early stage, classifies for dissimilar automobile, and formulates different classes of product data standard.(according to different automobile chassis structures, and the size in space can be utilized, design different box molds.Device space layout in corresponding casing also needs to classify according to dissimilar vehicle.And produce corresponding accessory according to classification.As aluminium alloy box, dissimilar adapter ring, the pump of different capacity.)
Step one: produce and get out required following accessory: aluminium alloy box, cellular filter fibre equipment, exhaust pipe adapter ring, connect tubing, sealed water tank capable of being combined (band can water inlet and outlet valve), extraction pump, circuit module (control circui panel controls the circuit board of sensor and pump operation) sensor, hardware fitting (purifier being fixed on accessory tool required on automobile chassis).
Step 2: all assembling fittings are debugged, installs.Install rear and finally debug.
Step 3: last test is carried out for mounted vehicle purifier.(this step did test before production)

Claims (12)

1. adopt the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of automobile chassis, it is characterized in that it comprises: the adapter ring connecting vehicle-exhaust exhaust pipe and cleaning equipment; The cellular fibronectin filter filtered from outlet pipe to first layer, described cellular fibronectin filter one end is connected with described adapter ring; With the sound insulating seal cast aluminium alloy casing of damping material; 4 to be connected with conduit and to be fixed on the sealing radiator in sealing cast aluminium box body, and the other end of described cellular fibronectin filter is connected with described sealing radiator by pipeline; An extraction pump be connected with cast aluminium alloy casing by conduit; The velocity transducer of a connecting automobile engine; A circuit control module connecting automobile storage battery, motor car engine and extraction pump and be used for control circui; Purifier is fixed on the instrument under automobile chassis; Export outlet pipe, sealing radiator water intake and 4 sealing radiator drain opening; Wherein, described extraction pump is an independent supplementary equipment of installing, it is connected with sealing radiator, described extraction pump provides power supply by automobile storage battery, and be connected with described velocity transducer, control circui panel, described control circui panel controls described extraction pump and produces suction, is sucked in exhaust purifier by vehicle exhaust, purify tail gas from outlet pipe.
2. the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis according to claim 1, it is characterized in that whole equipment to be fixed on the chassis of automobile tail, by adapter ring, the conduit of the floss hole of vehicle-exhaust exhaust pipe with cellular fibronectin filter is connected.
3. the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis according to claim 2, is characterized in that described cellular fibronectin filter is connected with exhaust purifier sealing radiator, completes primary filtering function.
4. the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis according to claim 3, after it is characterized in that described cellular fibronectin filter has been connected first time filtering function with exhaust purifier sealing radiator, tail gas after filtration directly enters sealing radiator, enters secondary cycle water filtration by the filtering function of water.
5. the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis according to claim 4, it is characterized in that tail gas filtration layer by layer through 4 sealing radiators in sealing radiator, filter out the toxic substance and harmful gas that give off in tail gas, comprise the heat that engine combustion produces.
6. according to the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described sealing radiator casing is by can two-part aluminium alloy box of connection form, control circui panel required for outlet pipe and exhaust purifier can be installed, and extraction pump.
7., according to the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis described in claim 3, wherein cellular fibronectin filter is an independent installation, needs the autonomous device often changed.
8. according to the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis described in claim 1, it is characterized in that the velocity transducer of connecting automobile engine, be an independent installation, need the equipment controlling extraction pump operating rate according to rotating speed of automobile engine.
9., according to the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis described in claim 1, it is characterized in that control rate sensor and the control circui panel be connected with extraction pump, is circuit control device in whole automobile exhaust purifier equipment.
10. according to the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis described in claim 1, it is characterized in that, automobile exhaust purifier sealing radiator comprises the self-contained water tank of 4 UNICOMs, described sealing radiator comprises an inlet valve and a flowing water Valve, when water can not meet cleaning of off-gas, reinject after emitting new water.
11. according to the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis described in claim 3, it is characterized in that, when cellular fibronectin filter filtering function can not particulate matter in filtering emission tail gas time, the cellular fibronectin filter element more renewed.
12. according to the hard-wired rear tail gas purifier of car of employing automobile chassis described in claim 1, and it is characterized in that, automobile exhaust purifier is mounted on automobile tail chassis, fixedly mounts with assistant tool.
CN201310146513.9A 2013-04-25 2013-04-25 Automobile exhaust purifier Expired - Fee Related CN103437863B (en)

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CN201310146513.9A CN103437863B (en) 2013-04-25 2013-04-25 Automobile exhaust purifier

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310146513.9A CN103437863B (en) 2013-04-25 2013-04-25 Automobile exhaust purifier

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CN103437863B true CN103437863B (en) 2016-01-20

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107152332A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-12 苏州博菡环保科技有限公司 Automobile exhaust purifier

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5996417A (en) * 1982-11-22 1984-06-02 Masaichi Kanayama Exhaust gas purifying device
CN201215034Y (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-04-01 张博昊 Postposition type automobile tail gas purifier
CN202081941U (en) * 2011-03-01 2011-12-21 程建伟 Motor vehicle tail gas zero discharging device
CN202181941U (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-04-04 中铁隧道集团四处有限公司 Simple tail gas purification device for diesel mechanical equipment
CN202673407U (en) * 2012-06-29 2013-01-16 钟颖 Automobile exhaust purification device
CN103016109A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-03 张明淇 Automobile exhaust purifier

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5996417A (en) * 1982-11-22 1984-06-02 Masaichi Kanayama Exhaust gas purifying device
CN201215034Y (en) * 2008-04-30 2009-04-01 张博昊 Postposition type automobile tail gas purifier
CN202081941U (en) * 2011-03-01 2011-12-21 程建伟 Motor vehicle tail gas zero discharging device
CN202181941U (en) * 2011-07-12 2012-04-04 中铁隧道集团四处有限公司 Simple tail gas purification device for diesel mechanical equipment
CN202673407U (en) * 2012-06-29 2013-01-16 钟颖 Automobile exhaust purification device
CN103016109A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-04-03 张明淇 Automobile exhaust purifier

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