CN103433676A - Welding tool device - Google Patents

Welding tool device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103433676A
CN103433676A CN2013104013913A CN201310401391A CN103433676A CN 103433676 A CN103433676 A CN 103433676A CN 2013104013913 A CN2013104013913 A CN 2013104013913A CN 201310401391 A CN201310401391 A CN 201310401391A CN 103433676 A CN103433676 A CN 103433676A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
decelerator
gripper shoe
axle
supporting seat
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013104013913A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Corp
Original Assignee
Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Corp filed Critical Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Group Corp
Priority to CN2013104013913A priority Critical patent/CN103433676A/en
Publication of CN103433676A publication Critical patent/CN103433676A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides a welding tool device. The tool device comprises a base, an X-axis system, a Y-axis system, a Z-axis system, an oscillating shaft system, a rotary shaft system and a working turntable, wherein the X-axis system is arranged on the base and moves along the X-axis direction; the Y-axis system is arranged on the X-axis system and moves along the Y-axis direction; the Z-axis system is arranged on the Y-axis system and moves along the Z-axis direction; the oscillating shaft system is arranged on the Z-axis system and rotates around an axis A; the rotating shaft system is arranged on the oscillating shaft system and rotates around an axis B; the working turntable is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft system and used for fixing a welded piece; the axis A is parallel to an X-Y plane, and the axis B is vertical to the X-Y plane. The welding tool device is simple and compact in structure and good in overall structural strength.

Description

A kind of welding tooling equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to tooling device, relate in particular to a kind of welding tooling equipment.
Background technology
Existing welding mainly comprises artificial welding and machinery welding.There are the following problems in artificial welding: artificial welding quality is not high, and the quality of welding quality is subject to operating personnel's level affects, makes welding quality unstable; There is waste gas in welding, affects workers ' health, and the symptoms such as fatigue, visual impairment easily appear in the welder.The machinery welding mainly refers to robot welding or special welding equipment.In the auto-parts field, the technique occasion that welding requirements is high, or weldment irregular and need again the occasion of flexible production line, robot welding obtains general use.Robot welding has not only improved the quality of welding, has met the needs of factory's flexible production, has reduced workman's labour intensity, has reduced cost simultaneously.The large-scale application of robot is trend of the times.
The robot welder is easy to use, but expensive, from 25~1,500,000, does not wait.Domestic matured product is few.Be mainly import or produce jointly.The extraordinary servomotor that robot is used and Special micro reductor planetary gear easily damage, and flimsy main cause is that servomotor and reductor emphasize that structure is small and exquisite, the insufficient strength of structural member.Generally all need import after damage, the cycle is long, and price is high.Robot architecture's compactness, the accessory of use is substantially all special-purpose, the versatility extreme difference, maintenance difficult, need professional person and specific purpose tool.Therefore be badly in need of a kind of welding tooling equipment of convenient for maintaining.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of tooling device for fixing to be processed, this tooling device is controlled on tooling devices the change in location by be processed by five systems, welding gun is fixed on to be processed top, and then has realized the movement of welding gun along bonding wire, simple and compact for structure, precision is high.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of welding tooling equipment, and described tooling device comprises:
Base;
Be arranged on the X-axis system moved along X-direction on described base;
Be arranged on the Y-axis system moved along Y direction on described X-axis system;
Be arranged on the Z axis system moved along Z-direction on described Y-axis system;
Be arranged on the swinging axle system around the rotation of A axle on described Z axis system;
Be arranged on the rotating shaft system around the rotation of B axle on described swinging axle system;
With described rotating shaft system, be fixedly connected with for the fixing working rotary table of welded part;
Described A axle is parallel to the XY plane, and described B axle is perpendicular to described XY plane.
Selectable, described X-axis system, Y-axis system, Z axis system include: the motor connected successively, decelerator, the ball screw, the gripper shoe that along corresponding moving direction, arrange, described ball screw comprises screw mandrel and nut, described screw mandrel is connected with described decelerator, described nut is fixedly connected with described gripper shoe, and the gripper shoe of the gripper shoe of described base, described X-axis system, the gripper shoe of described Y-axis system, described Z axis system is contact in twos successively.
Selectable, the decelerator of described Z axis system adopts worm gear structure.
Selectable, described swinging axle system comprises: motor, decelerator assembly, supporting seat, described motor is connected with described decelerator assembly, the output shaft of described decelerator assembly is the A axle, the output shaft of described decelerator assembly is fixedly connected with described supporting seat, and described supporting seat contacts with the gripper shoe of described Z axis system.
Selectable, described decelerator assembly has external gear train structure, and the output shaft of described decelerator is the output shaft of described gear train structure, and the output gear of described gear train structure has balancing weight.
Selectable, described rotary axis turnkey is drawn together: motor, decelerator, and described motor is connected with described decelerator, and the output shaft of described decelerator is the B axle, the output shaft of described decelerator is fixedly connected with described working rotary table, and described working rotary table contacts with described supporting seat.
Selectable, the gripper shoe of described Y-axis system has the second guide groove and the second guide rod, and the gripper shoe of described Z axis system has the 3rd guide groove and the 3rd groove, and the supporting seat of described swinging axle system has the 4th groove; Described base coordinates with the gripper shoe of described X-axis system, described the first guide block coordinates with described the second guide groove, described the second guide rod coordinates with described the 3rd guide groove, and described the 3rd groove coordinates with the output shaft of described gear train, and described the 4th groove coordinates with described working rotary table.
Selectable, described supporting seat is the U-shaped framework, and the number of described the 3rd guide groove is two, and two described the 3rd guide grooves are symmetrically distributed in described supporting seat both sides second guide rod corresponding with two and coordinate.
Selectable, described the second guide groove is dovetail groove.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Welding tooling equipment of the present invention adopts associated successively three mobile systems and two rotation systems to drive working rotary table, can realize the welding of to be processed multi-angle, and connection and reasonable arrangement, adopts the whole stress equalization of balancing weight.
Welding tooling equipment of the present invention has advantages of robot, and can eliminate the defect of robot, uses domestic servomotor commonly used and reductor, and it is short that after infringement, easy-maintaining has the cycle, and the service parts cost is low, and easy characteristics, and strength increase are easy to maintenance.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The stereogram of the welding tooling equipment that Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention;
The front view of the welding tooling equipment that Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention;
The left view of the welding tooling equipment that Fig. 3 is the embodiment of the present invention;
The top view of the welding tooling equipment that Fig. 4 is the embodiment of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: 1-base, 2-the first gripper shoe, 21-X system link, 3-the second gripper shoe, 31-the second guide groove, 32-the second guide rod, 33-Y system link, 4-the 3rd gripper shoe, 41-the 3rd guide groove, 42-the 3rd groove, 43-Z system link, 5-supporting seat, 51-the 4th groove, the input of 52-gear train structure, 53-output gear, the 54-balancing weight, 6-working rotary table, 61-rotating shaft system link.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, specific embodiments of the invention are described in detail.
As shown in Fig. 1~4, welding tooling equipment comprises: base 1; Be arranged on the X-axis system moved along X-direction on base; Be arranged on the Y-axis system moved along Y direction on the X-axis system; Be arranged on the Z axis system moved along Z-direction on the Y-axis system; Be arranged on the swinging axle system around the rotation of A direction of principal axis on the Z axis system; Be arranged on the rotating shaft system around the rotation of B axle on the swinging axle system; With the rotating shaft system, be fixedly connected with for the fixing working rotary table of welded part.The A axle is parallel to the XY plane, and the B axle is perpendicular to the XY plane.
The rectilinear motion of system X, Y system, the transmission of Z system can be accomplished in several ways, preferably, the X-axis system comprises: the first motor connected successively, the first decelerator, the ball screw, the first gripper shoe 2 that along directions X, arrange, ball screw comprises screw mandrel and nut, screw mandrel is connected with the first decelerator, and nut is fixedly connected with the system X link 22 of the first gripper shoe 2.The Y-axis system comprises: the second motor connected successively, the second decelerator, the ball screw, the second gripper shoe 3 that along Y-direction, arrange, ball screw comprises screw mandrel and nut, screw mandrel is connected with the second decelerator, and nut is fixedly connected with the Y system link 33 of the second gripper shoe 3.The Z axis system comprises: the three-motor connected successively, the 3rd decelerator, the ball screw, the 3rd gripper shoe 4 that along the Z direction, arrange, ball screw comprises screw mandrel and nut, screw mandrel is connected with the 3rd decelerator, and nut is fixedly connected with the Z system link 43 of the 3rd gripper shoe 4.Base 1, the first gripper shoe 2, the second gripper shoe 3, the 3rd gripper shoe 4 be contact in twos successively.The roller bearing screw body, by the precise stroke of screw mandrel, is controlled the measure of precision of welding.
The 3rd decelerator can adopt the structures such as Bevel Gear Transmission, column gear transmission, preferred, and the 3rd decelerator adopts worm gear structure.Worm gear structure can bear supporting seat 5 and the isostructural load of working rotary table 6, stable drive.
The setting of swinging axle system can have multiple choices.As long as make the rotating shaft of swinging axle system be parallel to the XY plane.Preferably, the swinging axle system comprises: the 4th motor, decelerator assembly, supporting seat 5, the four motor are connected with the decelerator assembly, and the output shaft of decelerator assembly is the A axle, the output shaft of decelerator assembly is fixedly connected with supporting seat 5, and supporting seat 5 contacts with the 3rd gripper shoe 4.Preferably, the decelerator assembly has external gear train structure, and the output shaft of decelerator assembly is the output shaft of gear train structure, and the output gear of gear train structure has balancing weight.Wherein, the input 52 of the gear train structure of decelerator assembly meshes with the output shaft of gear train structure the transmission that realizes motion by gear.
Preferably, the rotary axis turnkey is drawn together: the 5th motor, the 5th decelerator, the 5th motor is connected with the 5th decelerator, the output shaft of the 5th decelerator is the B axle, the output shaft of the 5th decelerator is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft system link 61 of working rotary table, and working rotary table 6 contacts with supporting seat 5.The rotating shaft of working rotary table 6 can overlap with rotating shaft system link 61 or be parallel.
The first motor, the second motor, three-motor, the 4th motor, the 5th motor are five independently motor, and these five servomotors are all controlled by industrial computer.System X, Y system, Z system, swinging axle system, rotating shaft system connect successively, and working rotary table is built up on uppermost rotating shaft system, make the motion of working rotary table controlled by five systems.Preferably, the second gripper shoe 3 has the second guide groove 31 and the second guide rod 32, the three gripper shoes 4 have the 3rd guide groove 41 and the 3rd groove 42, and the supporting seat 5 of swinging axle system has the 4th groove 51; Base 1 coordinates with the first gripper shoe 2, and the first guide block 21 coordinates with the second guide groove 31, and the second guide rod 32 coordinates with the 3rd guide groove 41, and the 3rd groove 42 coordinates with the output shaft of gear train, and the 4th groove 51 coordinates with working rotary table 6.
Supporting seat 5 moves along the Z direction, and preferred, supporting seat 5 is the U-shaped framework, and the number of the 3rd guide groove 41 is two, and two the 3rd guide grooves 41 are symmetrically distributed in supporting seat 5 both sides second guide rod 32 corresponding with two and coordinate, the stabilized structure compactness.
The second guide groove 31 can be the structures such as T-slot, dovetail groove, and preferred, the second guide groove 31 is dovetail groove.When this oat tail groove structure can avoid the second gripper shoe 3 to move, the position sideslip, have correcting effect preferably.
Although the present invention is described in conjunction with above embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to above-described embodiment, and only being subject to the restriction of claims, those of ordinary skills can easily modify to it and change, but do not leave essence design of the present invention and scope.

Claims (9)

1. a welding tooling equipment, is characterized in that, described tooling device comprises:
Base;
Be arranged on the X-axis system moved along X-direction on described base;
Be arranged on the Y-axis system moved along Y direction on described X-axis system;
Be arranged on the Z axis system moved along Z-direction on described Y-axis system;
Be arranged on the swinging axle system around the rotation of A axle on described Z axis system;
Be arranged on the rotating shaft system around the rotation of B axle on described swinging axle system;
With described rotating shaft system, be fixedly connected with for the fixing working rotary table of welded part;
Described A axle is parallel to the XY plane, and described B axle is perpendicular to described XY plane.
2. welding tooling equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described X-axis system, Y-axis system, Z axis system include: the motor connected successively, decelerator, the ball screw, the gripper shoe that along corresponding moving direction, arrange, described ball screw comprises screw mandrel and nut, described screw mandrel is connected with described decelerator, described nut is fixedly connected with described gripper shoe, and the gripper shoe of the gripper shoe of described base, described X-axis system, the gripper shoe of described Y-axis system, described Z axis system is contact in twos successively.
3. welding tooling equipment according to claim 2, is characterized in that, the decelerator of described Z axis system adopts worm gear structure.
4. according to the described welding tooling equipment of any one in claim 1~3, it is characterized in that, described swinging axle system comprises: motor, decelerator assembly, supporting seat, described motor is connected with described decelerator assembly, the output shaft of described decelerator assembly is the A axle, the output shaft of described decelerator assembly is fixedly connected with described supporting seat, and described supporting seat contacts with the gripper shoe of described Z axis system.
5. welding tooling equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described decelerator assembly has external gear train structure, and the output shaft of described decelerator is the output shaft of described gear train structure, and the output gear of described gear train structure has balancing weight.
6. welding tooling equipment according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described rotary axis turnkey is drawn together: motor, decelerator, described motor is connected with described decelerator, the output shaft of described decelerator is the B axle, the output shaft of described decelerator is fixedly connected with described working rotary table, and described working rotary table contacts with described supporting seat.
7. welding tooling equipment according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, the gripper shoe of described Y-axis system has the second guide groove and the second guide rod, and the gripper shoe of described Z axis system has the 3rd guide groove and the 3rd groove, and the supporting seat of described swinging axle system has the 4th groove; Described base coordinates with the gripper shoe of described X-axis system, described the first guide block coordinates with described the second guide groove, described the second guide rod coordinates with described the 3rd guide groove, and described the 3rd groove coordinates with the output shaft of described gear train, and described the 4th groove coordinates with described working rotary table.
8. welding tooling equipment according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described supporting seat is the U-shaped framework, and the number of described the 3rd guide groove is two, and two described the 3rd guide grooves are symmetrically distributed in described supporting seat both sides second guide rod corresponding with two and coordinate.
9. welding tooling equipment according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described the second guide groove is dovetail groove.
CN2013104013913A 2013-09-05 2013-09-05 Welding tool device Pending CN103433676A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013104013913A CN103433676A (en) 2013-09-05 2013-09-05 Welding tool device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013104013913A CN103433676A (en) 2013-09-05 2013-09-05 Welding tool device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103433676A true CN103433676A (en) 2013-12-11

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104690464A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-10 无锡乔尼威尔铁路设备科技有限公司 Automatic welding machine and automatic welding method thereof
CN104816119A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-05 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 Linear flexible positioning device
CN105057959A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 湖州美胜机械有限公司 Rotary welding tooling
CN105945496A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-09-21 上海交通大学 Multi-point flexible clamping device for spatial special-shaped pipeline welding
CN106078025A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 邢永安 A kind of welding robot
CN108015456A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-11 钟祥长富精密电子科技有限公司 A kind of welding robot

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CN101249597A (en) * 2008-03-20 2008-08-27 上海交通大学 Flexible locating cramping apparatus controlled by servo
CN101391354A (en) * 2008-11-06 2009-03-25 哈尔滨工程大学 Suspended type pipe-jointing welding robot
CN201702528U (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-01-12 柳州高华机械有限公司 Rectangular-coordinate five-degree-of-freedom welding manipulator
CN102601563A (en) * 2012-03-07 2012-07-25 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 Intelligent positioning system for vehicle white body production line
CN202428151U (en) * 2012-01-20 2012-09-12 无锡贝奥精密机械有限公司 Rotary oscillation type two-degree-of-freedom welding bench
CN203495474U (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-03-26 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Welding tool equipment

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2536348Y (en) * 2002-03-21 2003-02-19 深圳商巨自动化有限公司 Unitary platform with movements in two dimensions
CN101249597A (en) * 2008-03-20 2008-08-27 上海交通大学 Flexible locating cramping apparatus controlled by servo
CN101391354A (en) * 2008-11-06 2009-03-25 哈尔滨工程大学 Suspended type pipe-jointing welding robot
CN201702528U (en) * 2010-06-25 2011-01-12 柳州高华机械有限公司 Rectangular-coordinate five-degree-of-freedom welding manipulator
CN202428151U (en) * 2012-01-20 2012-09-12 无锡贝奥精密机械有限公司 Rotary oscillation type two-degree-of-freedom welding bench
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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104690464A (en) * 2015-03-20 2015-06-10 无锡乔尼威尔铁路设备科技有限公司 Automatic welding machine and automatic welding method thereof
CN104690464B (en) * 2015-03-20 2016-08-24 无锡乔尼威尔铁路设备科技有限公司 Automatic welding machine and automatic welding method thereof
CN104816119A (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-08-05 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 Linear flexible positioning device
WO2016173139A1 (en) * 2015-04-30 2016-11-03 广州明珞汽车装备有限公司 Linear flexible positioning device
CN105057959A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 湖州美胜机械有限公司 Rotary welding tooling
CN105945496A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-09-21 上海交通大学 Multi-point flexible clamping device for spatial special-shaped pipeline welding
CN106078025A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-11-09 邢永安 A kind of welding robot
CN105945496B (en) * 2016-06-29 2017-07-18 上海交通大学 The multi-point flexibly clamping device welded for spatial special pipeline
CN108015456A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-11 钟祥长富精密电子科技有限公司 A kind of welding robot

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Application publication date: 20131211

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