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CN103433152A - Centrifugal machine for micro-column gel cards - Google Patents

Centrifugal machine for micro-column gel cards Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103433152A
CN103433152A CN 201310356866 CN201310356866A CN103433152A CN 103433152 A CN103433152 A CN 103433152A CN 201310356866 CN201310356866 CN 201310356866 CN 201310356866 A CN201310356866 A CN 201310356866A CN 103433152 A CN103433152 A CN 103433152A
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micro
column
gel
driving
cards
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CN 201310356866
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Chinese (zh)
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刘忠
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合肥天一生物技术研究所
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Abstract

The invention provides a centrifugal machine for micro-column gel cards. The centrifugal machine for the micro-column gel cards comprises a shell located on the periphery of an inner cavity. A driving main shaft is arranged right in the middle of the inner cavity. A rotary disc rotating along with the driving main shaft is arranged on the periphery of the driving main shaft. Fixing arms are arranged on the outer wall of the rotary disc in the axial direction. Each clamping groove is formed in the outer end of one fixing arm. When the micro-column gel cards rotate along with the driving main shaft, the centrifugal forces of the blood in detection holes are identical, and the detection effect is good; the front face of each micro-column gel card is opposite to a camera directly to output a shooting record, so that the processes of manual operation are greatly reduced, and the occurrence rate of subjective errors is reduced.

Description

一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机 A micro-column gel card centrifuges

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种血液检测装置,具体涉及一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机。 [0001] The present invention relates to a blood test apparatus, particularly relates to a micro-column gel card centrifuges.

[0002] [0002]

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 临床血液检测可分为血液一般检测、溶血性贫血的实验室检测、骨髓细胞学检测、血型鉴定与交叉配血试验,可以检测出常见血液病的血液学特征,如血型、血液性病症等。 [0003] Clinical blood test can be divided in general blood test, laboratory testing of hemolytic anemia, bone marrow cytology, blood typing and crossmatch, common features can be detected in blood hematological diseases, such as blood, blood- disease and so on. 目前,新型的卡式检测法已代替了传统的血液检测方法,成为一种新的更方便、更稳定、准确的检测方式,受到广泛的推广。 Currently, the new card type detection method has replaced the traditional blood test, become a new, more convenient, more stable and accurate detection method, it has been widely promoted. 其是利用生物化学凝胶过滤技术和离心技术及免疫学抗原抗体特异性反应相结合的产物。 Which is a technique using gel filtration and centrifugation biochemical and immunological techniques specific antigen-antibody reaction product of the combination. 此法是通过调节凝胶的浓度来控制凝胶间隙的大小,使其间隙只能允许游离的红细胞通过,从而使游离的红细胞和聚集的红细胞分离。 This process is controlled by adjusting the concentration of the gel the gel size of the gap, so as to allow free clearance only by red blood cells, red blood cells and thereby free the aggregated red cells. 当抗原、抗体反应,血细胞发生凝集,离心时,凝集块不能通过凝胶间隙,而留在凝胶孔的上层,呈阳性反应。 When agglutination antigen-antibody reaction, the blood cells, during centrifugation, the gel can not aggregate gap left in the gel pores of the upper layer, positive. 未凝集的血细胞离心时可通过凝胶间隙,而沉积在凝胶孔的底部,则呈阴性反应。 Centrifugal blood cells may be determined by gel of non-coagulated gap, is deposited in the bottom of the gel pores, it is negative. 此方法操作简单、结果清楚、明确、稳定,易判定,重复性好,易保存。 This method is simple, clear results, clear, stable, easy to determine, reproducible, and easy to preserve.

[0004]目前市场上用于微柱凝胶卡的离心机,其转子均设置为放射状纵向放置微柱凝胶卡进行离心操作,微柱凝胶卡经手工编号放入离心机,在离心程序完成后,由技术人员取出微柱凝胶卡,再逐一观看读出实验结果,并手动记录结果。 [0004] Currently on the market for a centrifuge microcolumn gel cards, which are set to a rotor disposed radially longitudinal microcolumn gel card centrifugation, micro-column gel card number by hand into the centrifuge in centrifugation procedure after completion, taken by a technician microcolumn gel card, read out one by one viewing results, and manually record the results. 这种离心机在离心操作存在多种弊端: There are several drawbacks of such a centrifuge in centrifugation:

1、由于离心机的卡槽是纵向设置在主轴的周围,所以微柱凝胶卡也是纵向放置在离心机离心,微柱凝胶卡上的各个检测孔与离心机主轴的距离各不相同,导致其在离心的过程中,对各个检测孔的离心力有差别。 1, since the centrifuge is a longitudinal slot is provided around the spindle, the micro-column gel cards are placed longitudinally centrifuge, the centrifuge and the distance of the detection holes on the spindle microcolumn gel card is different, in the process which leads to the centrifugation, a centrifugal force difference to each of the detecting hole.

[0005] 2、在整个操作过程中,微柱凝胶卡的编号、实验结果判读、记录都是由人工操作,这样既浪费人力资源且增加一些主观错误的发生机率。 [0005] 2, throughout the operation, the number of micro-column gel card test results interpretation, are recorded by a human operator, such a waste of human resources and increase the subjective probability of the occurrence of errors.

[0006] 3、需要有一个弹射装置将微柱凝胶卡弹起才能对其进行摄像,在弹射过程中容易使微柱凝胶卡内血液检测结果发生改变或者使其中液体飞溅出来。 [0006] 3, there is a need for means for ejecting the card pops microcolumn gel imaging can be easy to make the detection result of the blood within the micro-column gel card ejection process in which the liquid is changed or to splash out.

[0007] [0007]

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明就是要解决上述不足,提供一种新型微柱凝胶卡用离心机,达到对微柱凝胶卡中各个检测孔离心均匀,提高血液检测标准。 [0008] The present invention is to solve the above problems, to provide a new micro-column gel card with a centrifuge, to achieve uniform micro-column gel card detection holes centrifugation, improve blood testing standards.

[0009] 为了达到上述效果,本发明提供一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机,包括位于内腔外周的壳体,所述内腔正中间设有驱动主轴,所述驱动主轴外周设有一起转动的转盘,所述转盘的外壁轴向设有固定臂,所述固定臂的外端设有卡槽。 [0009] In order to achieve the above effects, the present invention provides a micro-column gel card with a centrifuge, comprises an outer periphery of the lumen housing, the drive spindle is provided with a lumen in the middle, the outer periphery of the drive spindle is provided with rotating the turntable, the turntable is provided with an outer wall axially fixed arm, an outer end of the fixed arm is provided with a slot.

[0010] 进一步,所述固定臂有六个,其均匀布置在转盘的外臂;所述卡槽纵向设于两两固定臂之间。 [0010] Further, the fixing arm has six evenly arranged on the outer arm of the turntable; the longitudinal slot is provided between the two fixing arms.

[0011] 进一步,所述转盘为正六边形。 [0011] Further, the dial is a regular hexagon. [0012] 进一步,所述固定臂固设于正六边形的转盘的夹角外端。 [0012] Further, the fixing arm is fixed to the outer angle of the regular hexagon end of the turntable.

[0013] 进一步,所述壳体上端面设有摄像机,所述摄像机的输出端与设于壳体侧部的输出接口进行电连接。 [0013] Further, the upper end surface of the housing is provided with a camera, the camera output terminal electrically connected to the output interface provided on the side of the housing.

[0014] 本发明的离心机由于卡槽是纵向设于两两固定臂之间,长形卡槽的两端到驱动主轴的距离相等,离心时将微柱凝胶卡放置卡槽中进行离心时,微柱凝胶卡中各个检测孔与主轴的距离相等,其所获得的离心力也相等,这就消除了每个检测孔之间的离心力差别,使微柱凝胶卡内各个检测孔内的离心力更为均匀,提高血液检测标准。 [0014] Since the centrifuge of the present invention is provided at both ends of the longitudinal slot between the two fixing arms, the elongate slot is equal to the distance to the drive spindle, the centrifugal microcolumn gel card slot disposed centrifuged when microcolumn gel card detection holes equal distance from the spindle, they have acquired the centrifugal force are equal, which eliminates the difference between the centrifugal force of each of the detection aperture, so that each hole detected within the micro-column gel cards the centrifugal force is more uniform, to improve blood testing standards.

[0015] 另外,在壳体上端面设有摄像机,由于转盘为正六边形,六个固定臂是均匀地布置在转盘的夹角处,且卡槽是纵向设于两两固定臂之间,所以微柱凝胶卡随着主轴转动过程中,其每个微柱凝胶卡的正面都能直接正对摄像机,摄像机可清晰地拍摄下微柱凝胶卡上的标记及离心结果,而不需要弹射装置将微柱凝胶卡弹起,从而避免了在弹射过程中因弹射过程而导致结果发生改变或者液体飞溅出来的弊端。 [0015] Further, on the end surface of the housing is provided with a camera, since the disk is a regular hexagon, six of the fixed arm angle is uniformly disposed on the turntable, and a longitudinal slot is provided between the two fixing arms, Therefore microcolumn gel card with the spindle during rotation, the front surface of each micro-column gel card can be directly facing the camera, the camera can be recorded clearly marked on the result of the centrifugation and the micro-column gel card without ejection means need microcolumn gel card pops up, thereby avoiding ejection process due to the ejection process results. the change or splashes out of drawbacks occur.

[0016] 当离心工作完成后,由摄像机通过对微柱凝胶卡进行摄像并判读结果,同时微柱凝胶卡上相应的条形码被扫描存档,然后通过输出接口进行输出、打印,这样减少了大量的人力手动操作的过程,降低主观错误的发生率。 [0016] After the completion of centrifugation, carried out by the camera by the imaging microcolumn gel card and interpretation of the results, with a corresponding bar code on the card is scanned microcolumn gel archived, then output through the output interface, printing, thus reducing the process a lot of manual labor, reduce the incidence of subjective error.

[0017] [0017]

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明作进一步详细的说明。 [0018] The present invention will be further described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0019] 图1是本发明结构示意图; [0019] FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the present invention;

图中:1-壳体,2-卡槽,3-固定臂,4-摄像机,5-驱动主轴,6-内腔,7-转盘。 REFERENCE NUMERALS 1: housing, 2-slot, the fixed arm 3-, 4- camera drive spindle 5-, 6- lumen, 7- turntable.

[0020] [0020]

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0021] 如图1所示,一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机,包括位于内腔6外周的壳体1,内腔6正中间设有驱动主轴5,驱动主轴5外周设有一起转动的正六边形转盘7,所述转盘7的外壁夹角处轴向均匀设有六个固定臂3,所述固定臂3的外端两两之间设有卡槽2。 [0021] 1 A micro-column gel card with a centrifuge, comprising a housing 6 located in an outer periphery of a lumen, the lumen 6 is provided in the middle of the drive spindle 5, the outer periphery of the drive shaft 5 is rotated together with 7 regular hexagonal turntable, the turntable 7 at the corners of the axial outer wall is provided with an outer end of the six evenly stationary arm 3, the fixed arm 3 is provided between any two slots 2.

[0022] 进一步,所述壳体I上端面设有摄像机4,所述摄像机4的输出端与设于壳体侧部的输出接口进行电连接。 [0022] Further, the camera 4 is provided with the end face on the housing I, the output of the camera 4 is electrically connected to the output interface provided on the side of the housing.

[0023] 工作时,转盘7随驱动主轴5转动,通过固定臂3带动卡槽2转动,使放入卡槽2中的微柱凝胶卡中的血液进行离心,达到检测血液的目的。 When the [0023] work, the turntable 7 is rotated with the drive spindle 5, the fixed arm 3 driven by rotation of the slot 2, in the blood of 2 micro-column gel card into the holder centrifuging the blood detection purposes.

[0024] 由于转盘为正六边形,六个固定臂是均匀地布置在转盘的夹角处,且卡槽是纵向设于两两固定臂之间,所以微柱凝胶卡随着驱动主轴转动过程中,各个检测孔内血液的离心力相等,检测效果好,并且每个微柱凝胶卡的正面都能直接正对摄像机进行拍摄记录输出,减少了大量的人力手动操作的过程,降低主观错误的发生率。 [0024] Therefore, since the micro-column gel card as the turntable rotates drive spindle of a regular hexagon, six fixing arms are disposed uniformly at an angle of the turntable, and a longitudinal slot is provided between the two fixing arms, process, each of the detection of blood a centrifugal force equal to the hole, a good effect is detected, and the front of each micro-column gel card can be directly over the camera shooting recording output, reducing manual process a lot of manpower and reduce subjective error incidence.

[0025] 以上实施例并非仅限于本发明的保护范围,所有基于本发明的基本思想而进行修改或变动的都属于本发明的保护范围。 [0025] The above embodiment is not limited to the scope of the present invention, all based on the basic idea of ​​the invention is carried out changes or modifications fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

  1. 1.一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机,包括位于内腔外周的壳体,所述内腔正中间设有驱动主轴,所述驱动主轴外周设有一起转动的转盘,其特征在于:所述转盘的外壁轴向设有固定臂,所述固定臂的外端设有卡槽。 1. A micro-column gel card with a centrifuge, comprising an outer housing located in the periphery of a lumen, said intermediate lumen has a positive drive spindle, the drive spindle is provided with an outer periphery of the turntable rotating together, wherein: the said turntable is provided with an axial outer wall of the fixed arm, an outer end of the fixed arm is provided with a slot.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机,其特征在于:所述固定臂有六个,其均匀布置在转盘的外臂;所述卡槽纵向设于两两固定臂之间。 2. A micro-column gel card according to claim 1 with a centrifuge, characterized in that: said fixed arm has six outer arm, uniformly disposed on the turntable; said longitudinal slot provided in twenty-two fixed between the arms.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机,其特征在于:所述转盘为正六边形。 3. centrifuge, characterized in that the micro-column gel cards according to one of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: the dial is a regular hexagon.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机,其特征在于:所述固定臂固设于正六边形的转盘的夹角外端。 A micro according to claim 3, said card gel column using a centrifuge, characterized in that: said fixed arm is fixed to the outer angle of the turntable end the regular hexagon.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的一种微柱凝胶卡用离心机,其特征在于:所述壳体上端面设有摄像机,所述摄像机的输出端与设于壳体侧部的输出接口进行电连接。 5. A micro-column gel card according to claim 1 with a centrifuge, characterized in that: said end surface is provided on the camera housing, the camera and the output terminal of the output interface provided on the side of the housing electrically connected.
CN 201310356866 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Centrifugal machine for micro-column gel cards CN103433152A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6044068A (en) * 1983-08-18 1985-03-08 Ee D S:Kk Centrifuge for use in washing
US6190300B1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2001-02-20 Labnet International Inc. Centrifuge rotor adapted for use with centrifuge tube strips
JP2007007595A (en) * 2005-07-01 2007-01-18 Institute Of Physical & Chemical Research Apparatus and method for centrifugal concentration of solution
CN201534113U (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-07-28 湖南湘仪实验室仪器开发有限公司 Centrifuge mca energy absorption test
CN203448193U (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-02-26 合肥天一生物技术研究所 Centrifugal machine for micro-column gel cards

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6044068A (en) * 1983-08-18 1985-03-08 Ee D S:Kk Centrifuge for use in washing
US6190300B1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2001-02-20 Labnet International Inc. Centrifuge rotor adapted for use with centrifuge tube strips
JP2007007595A (en) * 2005-07-01 2007-01-18 Institute Of Physical & Chemical Research Apparatus and method for centrifugal concentration of solution
CN201534113U (en) * 2009-09-29 2010-07-28 湖南湘仪实验室仪器开发有限公司 Centrifuge mca energy absorption test
CN203448193U (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-02-26 合肥天一生物技术研究所 Centrifugal machine for micro-column gel cards

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