CN103432649B - Based on change in transmittance of infusion alarm - Google Patents

Based on change in transmittance of infusion alarm Download PDF

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CN103432649B
CN103432649B CN 201310423396 CN201310423396A CN103432649B CN 103432649 B CN103432649 B CN 103432649B CN 201310423396 CN201310423396 CN 201310423396 CN 201310423396 A CN201310423396 A CN 201310423396A CN 103432649 B CN103432649 B CN 103432649B
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alarm
light
infusion
change
signal transmitter
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CN 201310423396
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CN103432649A (en )
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钱俊
刘慧慧
温少强
何洪林
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武汉大学
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种基于透射率变化的输液报警器,包括:电源、光发生器、光电传感器、主控板、信号发射器和报警器;所述的光电传感器、主控板、信号发射器串联后与所述的光发生器并联连接,组成并联电路,所述的电源与所述的并联电路串联连接,所述的信号发射器通过无线网络与所述的报警器连接。 The present invention discloses an infusion alarm based on the change in transmittance, comprising: a power source, light generator, a photoelectric sensor, a control board, and the alarm signal transmitter; said photosensor, the main control board, the signal transmitter after the connection in series with the parallel light generator, a parallel circuit composed of said power supply in series with said parallel circuit connected to a signal transmitter via a wireless network alarm with said. 本发明设计的输液报警器,可有效减轻医护人员工作负担,并避免医疗事故。 The present invention is designed infusion alarm, which can effectively reduce the burden of health care personnel, and to avoid malpractice.

Description

一种基于透射率变化的输液报警器 Based on change in transmittance of infusion alarm

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于医疗器械技术领域,涉及一种输液报警器,具体涉及一种基于透射率变化的输液报警器。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of medical equipment, relates to an alarm infusion, particularly, to a change of the transmittance based infusion alarm.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前,全球各大医院的临床应用和治疗护理方式中,静脉输液是一种常规并有效的方式,在我国,大部分医院输液量已达93%以上。 [0002] Currently, the world's major hospitals clinical and therapeutic care, the intravenous infusion is a conventional and efficient way, in our country, most hospitals fluid volume has reached more than 93%. 而现阶段医院的常规输液存在许多缺陷,如不能很好把控输液的精确时间,给陪护人员和医生护士增加了负担,患者在接受静脉输液治疗时也难以安然休养。 The General Hospital of the infusion stage there are many shortcomings, such as the exact time is not well-controlled infusion, nursing staff and doctors and nurses to increase the burden on patients is difficult to safely rest while receiving intravenous infusion therapy. 如果输液完毕时由于人工疏忽处理不及时,将会造成患者的血液回流和扎针处严重肿胀,不利于患者治疗。 If the infusion is completed due to the negligence of artificial treatment is not timely, it will cause blood reflux and at an acupuncture treatment in patients with severe swelling, is not conducive to patient treatment. 而若处理过早,药液在未完全输完的时候摘掉瓶管,造成不必要的浪费。 And if the process prematurely, when the liquid is not finished completely lose remove bottle tubing, resulting in unnecessary waste. 另外,如果患者所患为传染性疾病,将增加医护人员的患病率。 In addition, if the patient is suffering from infectious disease, will increase the prevalence of medical staff.

[0003] 针对这种情况,设计一个可以自动报警的输液报警器是非常必要的。 [0003] For this case, a design can be automatic alarm infusion alarm is necessary.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为了解决上述的技术问题,本发明提供了一种可以自动报警的基于透射率变化的输液报警器。 [0004] To solve the above technical problem, the present invention provides a way of infusion alarm alarm based on the transmittance change.

[0005] 本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种基于透射率变化的输液报警器,其特征在于,包括:电源、光发生器、光电传感器、主控板、信号发射器和报警器;所述的光电传感器、主控板、信号发射器串联后与所述的光发生器并联连接,组成并联电路,所述的电源与所述的并联电路串联连接,所述的信号发射器通过无线网络与所述的报警器连接。 The technical proposal [0005] The present invention is: based on change in transmittance infusion alarm, characterized by comprising: a power source, light generator, a photoelectric sensor, a control board, and the alarm signal transmitter; the connecting the photoelectric sensor described later, the main control board, the signal transmitter generator in series with the parallel light, the parallel circuit composed of said power source and said parallel circuit are connected in series, the signal transmitter over the wireless network connected to the alarm.

[0006] 作为优选,所述的输液报警器还包括开关,所述的开关与所述的光发生器串联连接;可在需要的时候打开,在自然光或日光灯下可关闭。 [0006] Advantageously, the infusion alarm further comprises a switch, said switch and said light generator are connected in series; can be opened when needed, can be closed under natural light or fluorescent light.

[0007] 作为优选,所述的输液报警器还包括医护主机和医护分机,所述的医护主机和医护分机通过无线网络与所述的信号发射器连接。 [0007] Preferably, the alarm further comprises infusion medical care and a host station, the host health care and medical extension connected to the signal transmitter over the wireless network.

[0008] 作为优选,所述的光发生器是红外发光管。 [0008] Advantageously, said light generator is an infrared LED.

[0009] 作为优选,所述的电源为轻质纽扣电池。 [0009] Advantageously, the power to the light button cell.

[0010] 作为优选,所述的光电传感器内部设置的光敏探测头为硅光敏三极管,当输液液面逐渐下降经过探测头时,硅光敏三极管的窗口会感知这一透射率的变化,使硅光敏三极管导通电路,从而将光信号转变为电信号,并通过主控板传送至信号发射器。 [0010] Preferably, the probe of the photosensitive photosensor provided inside a silicon phototransistor, when the liquid level decreased after infusion of the probe, a silicon phototransistor window will sense changes in the transmittance of the silicon photosensor the transistor circuit is turned on, so that the optical signals into electrical signals and transmits the signal to the transmitter via the main control board.

[0011] 作为优选,所述的信号发射器发射的信号包括该患者的床号和药液将尽的信息。 [0011] Advantageously, the signal transmitter transmits a signal that includes information on the number of beds and patient to make the liquid.

[0012] 作为优选,所述的报警器为蜂鸣报警器,其内设置有信号接收器和蜂鸣开关,信号接收器接收到信号发射器发射的信号,通过内部驱动电路产生蜂鸣效应,提醒医护人员进行操作。 [0012] Advantageously, the alarm is a buzzer alarm, which is provided with the signal receiver and buzzer switch, the signal receiver receives a signal transmitted by the transmitter, buzz produced by the internal driving circuit, remind staff to operate.

[0013] 作为优选,所述的光发生器和光电传感器的光敏探测头安装于输液袋或输液瓶的莫菲氏滴管上方靠近瓶口处的皮条上。 Murphy's dropper above the [0013] Advantageously, the photosensitive probe light generator and a photosensor mounted on the infusion bag or infusion bottle at the bottle near the thong.

[0014] 相对于现有技术,本发明的优点及积极效果是: [0014] with respect to the prior art, the advantages and positive effects of the present invention are:

[0015] ( I)本发明的输液报警器是基于光透过液体和透过空气时的透射率会发生变化的原理来设计的,光源获取简单可行。 [0015] (I) of the present invention is an infusion alarm is based on the principles of light transmission and liquid vary in transmissivity of the design of the air, the light source gets a simple and feasible. 光发生器可在黑暗环境下打开代替自然光和日光灯,在任何环境下均可使用; Natural light generator can be opened instead of fluorescent light in the dark, it can be used in any environment;

[0016] (2)当药液即将输尽而发生报警时,药液液面处于莫非式滴管上端,医护人员在接收到指定床号的输液报警信号后,可有约I分钟的时间到达指定床号进行换药液操作; [0016] (2) When the liquid is about to do input and an alarm occurs, liquid level in time does the upper dropper type, after receiving the medical transfusion alarm signal designates the number of beds can reach about I minute chemical bed number specified commutation operation;

[0017] (3)本发明设计的输液报警器,可有效减轻医护人员工作负担,并避免医疗事故。 [0017] (3) of the present invention is designed infusion alarm, which can effectively reduce the burden of health care personnel, and to avoid malpractice.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018] 图1:本发明的电路原理图。 [0018] Figure 1: a schematic circuit diagram of the present invention.

[0019] 图2:本发明具体实施例的部分部件安装位置图。 [0019] Figure 2: section view of the component mounting position of a specific embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020] 以下将结合附图和具体实施例对本发明做进一步的阐述。 [0020] The accompanying drawings and the following specific examples further elaboration of the present invention.

[0021] 请见图1、图2,本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种基于透射率变化的输液报警器,包括:轻质纽扣电池1、红外发光管2、开关3、光电传感器4、主控板5、信号发射器6、蜂鸣报警器7、医护主机8和医护分机9 ;光电传感器4内部设置的光敏探测头为娃光敏三极管,蜂鸣报警器7内设置有信号接收器和蜂鸣开关;红外发光管2、开关3串联连接,光电传感器4、主控板5、信号发射器6串联后与红外发光管2、开关3并联连接,组成并联电路,轻质纽扣电池I与并联电路串联连接,信号发射器6通过无线网络与蜂鸣报警器7、医护主机8、医护分机9连接。 [0021] Please see FIG. 1, FIG. 2, the technical proposal of the present invention is: based on change in transmittance infusion alarm device, comprising: a light button batteries, the infrared light emitting tube 2, a switch 3, a photosensor 4 , the MPU 5, a signal transmitter 6, alarm buzzer 7, 8 and medical care host station 9; sensitive detection head 4 is provided inside the photosensor baby phototransistor, is provided with a signal receiver in the alarm buzzer 7 and beep switch; infrared light emitting tube 2, a switch 3 connected in series, the photosensor 4, MPU 5, the signal transmitter 6 connected in series with the infrared light emitting tube 2, the switch 3 is connected in parallel to form a parallel circuit, the light button batteries I connected in parallel with the series circuit, the signal transmitter 6 through a wireless network alarm buzzer 7, 8 hosts health care, health care extension 9 is connected. 信号发射器6发射的信号包括该患者的床号和药液将尽的信息。 Signal transmitter 6 includes information of the signal transmitted bed number and patient to make the liquid. 光发生器2和光电传感器4的光敏探测头安装于输液袋或输液瓶的莫菲氏滴管上方靠近瓶口处的皮条上。 Murphy's dropper above the photosensitive probe light generator 2 and the photo sensor 4 is attached to the infusion bag or infusion bottle at the bottle near the thong.

[0022] 本发明工作时,光电传感器4感知输液液面低于指定位置时透射率的变化,进而将光透射率发生变化的信号转化为电信号,通过主控板6将这一变化传送给信号发射器6,信号发射器6将该电信号通过无线网络发射至蜂鸣报警器7中而发生报警;同时,信号发射器6将该电信号通过无线网络发射至医护主机8和医护分机9的显示屏上,为医护人员提供报警信号的来源信息。 When the signal conversion transmittance [0022] In operation of the present invention, the photoelectric sensor 4 sensing the liquid level is below the specified infusion position changes, and thus the light transmittance is changed into an electric signal, 6 is transmitted to the control board by this change and an alarm signal transmitter 6, a signal transmitter 6 transmit the electrical signal to the alarm buzzer 7 via a wireless network; Meanwhile, the signal transmitter 6 transmit the electrical signal to medical care and the host 8 through the wireless network extensions 9 on the display, provides an alarm signal source of information for health care workers.

[0023] 本发明在充足的自然光或日光灯环境下,可关闭开关3,从而关闭红外发光管2,在黑暗环境中可根据需要开启开关3,从而开红外发光管2。 [0023] In the present invention, natural daylight or fluorescent light environment, the switch 3 may be closed, thereby closing the infrared light emitting tube 2, the switch 3 can be turned according to need in a dark environment, so that the infrared light emitting tube 2 apart. 该红外发光管2将光束透过滴管射出到另一面,由光电传感器4的硅光敏三极管窗口接收。 The infrared beam emitted from arc tube 2 to the other side via a dropper, is received by the photo sensor 4 silicon phototransistor window. 光电传感器4的硅光敏三极管之所以能够感知药液输尽这一变化,原理是当输液瓶内的液体还未输尽时,内部的透明药液具有透射聚光效应,光敏元件传送一个透射率τ 1,当药液输尽之后,内部的空气取代了药液,光敏元件传送一个透射率τ2,而τΐ# τ 2,硅光敏三极管感知到光发生器发射光的透射率变化。 Photoelectric sensor 4 silicon phototransistor output was able to make this change chemical sensing, the principle is that when a liquid infusion bottle do not yet input, the transmission having a transparent liquid inside the condensing effect, a transmittance of the photosensitive member transmitted τ 1, when the input liquid to make the air inside the substitution liquid, a photosensitive member transmitted transmittance [tau] 2, and τΐ # τ 2, a silicon phototransistor senses the light transmittance of light emission generator changes. 光电传感器4能够接收透射率变化这一光学信号,从而非接触式地探测液面水位的变化,把药液从有到无的变化转变成电信号,通过主控板5传送给信号发射器6。 4 photosensor capable of receiving the optical signal of the change in transmittance, so that the water level changes in the liquid level detection without contact, from the liquid to have no electrical signal is changed to change by transmitting the control board 5 to the signal transmitter 6 . 从而实现本发明的报警功能。 Alarm thereby achieving the present invention.

[0024] 以上仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非用于限定本发明的保护范围,因此,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0024] The above description is only preferred embodiments of the present invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, therefore, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent substitutions, improvements, etc., should It included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

  1. 1.一种基于透射率变化的输液报警器,其特征在于,包括:电源(I)、光发生器(2)、光电传感器(4)、主控板(5)、信号发射器(6)和报警器(7);所述的光电传感器(4)、主控板(5)、信号发射器(6)串联后与所述的光发生器(2)并联连接,组成并联电路,所述的电源(I)与所述的并联电路串联连接,所述的信号发射器(6)通过无线网络与所述的报警器(7)连接;所述的光发生器(2)是红外发光管;所述的光电传感器(4)内部设置的光敏探测头为硅光敏三极管;所述的报警器(7)为蜂鸣报警器,其内设置有信号接收器和蜂鸣开关;所述的光发生器(2)和光电传感器(4)的光敏探测头安装于输液袋或输液瓶的莫菲氏滴管上方靠近瓶口处的皮条上;所述的信号发射器(6)发射的信号包括患者的床号和药液将尽的信息;所述的输液报警器还包括开关(3),所述的开关(3)与所述的光发生器(2)串联连接 1. Based on the change in transmittance infusion alarm, characterized by comprising: a power supply (the I), light generator (2), the photosensor (4), the main control board (5), a signal transmitter (6) and alarms (7); said photo sensor (4), the main control board (5), a signal transmitter (6) after the series (2) connected in parallel with said light generator, a parallel circuit composed of the power supply (I) connected in parallel to said series circuit, said signal transmitter (6) via a wireless network connection with the alarm device (7); said light generator (2) is an infrared LED ; sensitive detection of the photo sensor head (4) provided inside a silicon phototransistor; the alarm device (7) for the alarm buzzer, which is provided with the signal receiver and buzzer switch; the light Murphy's dropper above the generator (2) and a photosensor (4) is attached to the photosensitive probe infusion bag or infusion bottle at the bottle near the thong; said signal transmitter (6) comprises a transmission chemical bed number and patient to make information; infusion said alarm further comprises a connection switch (3), said switch (3) and said light generator (2) connected in series ,在自然光或日光灯环境下,关闭所述的开关(3),从而关闭所述的光发生器(2),在黑暗环境中开启所述的开关(3),从而开启所述的光发生器(2),所述的光发生器(2)将光束透过滴管射出到另一面,由所述的光电传感器(4)的硅光敏三极管窗口接收,硅光敏三极管感知到所述的光发生器(2)发射光的透射率变化,所述的光电传感器(4)能够接收透射率变化这一光学信号,从而非接触式地探测液面水位的变化,把药液从有到无的变化转变成电信号,通过所述的主控板(5)传送给所述的信号发射器(6),从而实现报警功能。 , Under natural light or fluorescent light environment, closing the switch (3), thereby closing said light generator (2) to open said switch (3) in a dark environment, thereby opening said light generator (2), said light generator (2) emits a light beam transmitted through the dropper to the other side, received by said photosensor (4) a silicon phototransistor window, a silicon phototransistor senses the light generating (2) change in the transmittance of the emitted light, said photoelectric sensor (4) is capable of receiving the optical transmittance change of the signal level changes so that the water level detected non-contact type, the liquid from there to change into an electrical signal, the transmission signal transmitter (6) to said plate through said main (5), to achieve an alarm function.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的基于透射率变化的输液报警器,其特征在于:所述的输液报警器还包括医护主机(8)和医护分机(9),所述的医护主机(8)和医护分机(9)通过无线网络与所述的信号发射器(6)连接。 The infusion based on the change of the transmittance of the alarm as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said alarm further comprises a medical infusion host (8) and medical extension (9), the host health care (8) and medical extension (9) through a wireless network connection with said signal transmitter (6).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的基于透射率变化的输液报警器,其特征在于:所述的电源(I)为轻质纽扣电池。 According to claim transmittance change based transfusion alarm claim 1, wherein: the power supply (I) is a light button batteries.
CN 201310423396 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Based on change in transmittance of infusion alarm CN103432649B (en)

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US6337631B1 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-01-08 Min-Fang Pai Automatic infusion-monitoring instrument
CN201727784U (en) * 2010-06-13 2011-02-02 周光明 Infusion alarm
CN103055370A (en) * 2011-10-20 2013-04-24 苏州微体电子科技有限公司 Medical transfusion wireless alarm system

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