CN103431497A - High-efficiency nut shelling machine - Google Patents

High-efficiency nut shelling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103431497A
CN103431497A CN2013104236964A CN201310423696A CN103431497A CN 103431497 A CN103431497 A CN 103431497A CN 2013104236964 A CN2013104236964 A CN 2013104236964A CN 201310423696 A CN201310423696 A CN 201310423696A CN 103431497 A CN103431497 A CN 103431497A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
ratchet
roller
rod
movable knife
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2013104236964A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103431497B (en
Inventor
薛忠
宋德庆
黄茂芳
朱德明
邓干然
黄正明
郭向明
王刚
黄小红
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS
Institute of Agricultural Machinery of CATAS
Original Assignee
Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS
Institute of Agricultural Machinery of CATAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS, Institute of Agricultural Machinery of CATAS filed Critical Agricultural Products Processing Research Institute of CATAS
Priority to CN201310423696.4A priority Critical patent/CN103431497B/en
Publication of CN103431497A publication Critical patent/CN103431497A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103431497B publication Critical patent/CN103431497B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency nut shelling machine which mainly comprises a nut fetcher, a machine frame, a fixed blade, a movable blade, a movable knife rest, a motor and a gearbox, wherein the fixed blade is horizontally arranged on the machine frame; the movable knife rest is arranged on the machine frame; the movable blade arranged on the movable knife rest corresponds to the fixed blade; a certain gap is formed between the movable blade and the fixed blade; the nut fetcher mainly comprises a nut fetching roll, a hair brush roll, a guide hopper and a nut box; the motor is used for transmitting power to the gearbox; the gearbox is used for driving the movable knife rest to reciprocate through a transmission mechanism and driving the nut fetching roll to intermittently rotate at the same time; when the nut fetching roll rotates at a certain angle each time, a row of nuts in a nut receiving groove fall into the guide hopper and fall into the gap through the guide hopper. A cam is matched with a return spring to drive the movable knife rest to reciprocate for driving the movable blade to shell the nuts. By adopting the structure form, the shelling efficiency is improved and the shelling effect is very good.

Description

The heavy duty detergent nut cracker
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of nut cracker, especially a kind of rejuvenator for Queensland nut.
Background technology
Mainly, by artificial or semi automatic machine shelling, labour intensity is large for Queensland nut at present, and working (machining) efficiency is not high, external big machinery is not suitable for China's national situation, and it is high to purchase the big machinery expense, common people cannot afford, and the present invention is directed in single household's processing or village's group and concentrate processing.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the heavy duty detergent nut cracker that a kind of shell-breaking efficiency is high and broken shell is effective.
The heavy duty detergent nut cracker, it is mainly by getting the fruit device, frame, ledger-plate, cutting blade, movable knife rack, motor and gearbox form, wherein, described ledger-plate level is located on frame, movable knife rack is located on frame, be located at cutting blade on movable knife rack corresponding with ledger-plate and leave certain gap therebetween, get the fruit device mainly by getting the fruit roller, brush roll, material guiding hopper and fruit case form, described surface of getting the fruit roller is intervally distributed with a plurality of fruit grooves that connect along axis direction, a plurality of connect the fruit flute profile in a row, the surface of getting the fruit roller connects the fruit groove along circumferentially being intervally distributed with many rows, described fruit case is located at gets fruit roller side top, the side bottom of described fruit case is provided with fruit outlet, described fruit outlet is near the surface of getting the fruit roller, described material guiding hopper is located at the top in described gap, the described fruit roller level of getting is located at above the side of material guiding hopper, described brush roll is located at the top of getting the fruit roller side by side, and the bristle of brush roll and the surperficial close contact of getting the fruit roller, described motor is passed to gearbox by power, gearbox drives movable knife rack by transmission mechanism and moves back and forth, and drives simultaneously and get the fruit roller and do intermittent the rotation, gets the fruit roller and often turns an angle, fall into material guiding hopper with regard to the nut that has a row to connect in the fruit groove, through material guiding hopper, fall into described gap.
The described fruit roller of getting drives the brush roll rotation by belt.
Described ledger-plate adopts the adjustable installation form in position, carrys out the width of adjusting play by the position of adjusting ledger-plate, and its purpose is to adjust the broken shell penetraction depth to nut.
Described motor adopts single-phase two-capacitance capacitive asynchronous machine, and this motor can forward and reversely rotate.
Described transmission mechanism is mainly by driving-belt, power transmission shaft, cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, the ratchet connecting rod, two rollers form, power transmission shaft is located on frame, cam is located on power transmission shaft, an end near cam on connecting rod is provided with roller, one end of the other end and ratchet connecting rod is hinged, the other end of ratchet connecting rod is provided with described ratchet, with the ratchet of click-fit with get fruit roller or brush roll and coaxially install, gearbox drives power transmission shaft by driving-belt, the described cam that power transmission shaft drives on it rotates, cam rotates and promotes connecting rod, connecting rod promotes the ratchet connecting rod, the ratchet connecting rod promotes ratchet, ratchet promotes ratchet, ratchet drives gets fruit roller and the intermittent rotation of brush roll do, described movable knife rack is provided with back-moving spring, and the end near cam on movable knife rack is provided with roller, and cam matches with back-moving spring, drives movable knife rack reciprocating.
Describedly get fruit device, ledger-plate and be respectively equipped with two covers with the movable knife rack of cutting blade, and be located at respectively the both sides of described power transmission shaft, described cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod, two rollers are respectively established two covers, in order to drive described two to extract fruit device and two cover movable knife racks, described two cams all are located on described power transmission shaft.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: adopt above-mentioned version, not only improved the operating efficiency of broken shell, but also there is splendid broken shell effect.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of getting the fruit device shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the side view of getting the fruit roller shown in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of ratchet, ratchet in transmission mechanism shown in Fig. 1.
In figure: 1, get the fruit device; 2, frame; 3, ledger-plate; 4, cutting blade; 5, movable knife rack; 6, motor; 7, gearbox; 8, get the fruit roller; 9, brush roll; 10, material guiding hopper; 11, fruit case; 12, connect the fruit groove; 13, fruit outlet; 14, gap; 15, driving-belt; 16, power transmission shaft; 17, cam; 18, ratchet; 19, ratchet; 20, connecting rod; 21, ratchet connecting rod; 22, roller; 23, roller; 24, belt; 25, back-moving spring; 26, nut.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 1, 2, 3, shown in 4, the heavy duty detergent nut cracker, it is mainly by getting fruit device 1, frame 2, ledger-plate 3, cutting blade 4, movable knife rack 5, motor 6 and gearbox 7 form, described ledger-plate 3 levels are located on frame 2, movable knife rack 5 is located on frame 2, be located at cutting blade 4 on movable knife rack 5 corresponding with ledger-plate 3 and leave certain gap 14 therebetween, get fruit device 1 mainly by getting fruit roller 8, brush roll 9, material guiding hopper 10 and fruit case 11 form, described surface of getting fruit roller 8 is intervally distributed with a plurality of fruit grooves 12 that connect along axis direction, it is a plurality of that to connect fruit groove 12 shapes in a row, the surface of getting the fruit roller connects the fruit groove along circumferentially being intervally distributed with many rows, described fruit case 11 is located at the side top of getting fruit roller 8, the side bottom of described fruit case 11 is provided with fruit outlet 13, described fruit outlet 13 is near the surface of getting fruit roller 8, described material guiding hopper 10 is located at the top in described gap 14, described fruit roller 8 levels of getting are located at above the side of material guiding hopper 10, described brush roll 9 is located at the top of getting fruit roller 8 side by side, and the bristle of brush roll 9 and the surperficial close contact of getting fruit roller 8.The effect of brush roll 9 is: unnecessary fruit is removed, guaranteed that each connects in fruit groove 12 and only retain a nut.Described ledger-plate 3 adopts the adjustable installation form in position, carrys out the width of adjusting play by the position of adjusting ledger-plate, and its purpose is to adjust the broken shell penetraction depth to nut.
Described transmission mechanism is mainly by driving-belt 15, power transmission shaft 16, cam 17, ratchet 18, ratchet 19, connecting rod 20, ratchet connecting rod 21, two rollers 22, 23 form, power transmission shaft 16 is located on frame 2, cam 17 is located on power transmission shaft 16, an end near cam 17 on connecting rod 20 is provided with roller 22, one end of the other end and ratchet connecting rod 21 is hinged, the other end of ratchet connecting rod 21 is provided with described ratchet 19, the ratchet 18 and the brush roll 9 that with ratchet 19, coordinate are coaxially installed, described motor 6 adopts single-phase two-capacitance capacitive asynchronous machine, this motor can forward and reversely rotate, described motor 6 is passed to gearbox 7 by power, gearbox 7 drives power transmission shaft 16 by driving-belt 15, the described cam 17 that power transmission shaft 16 drives on it rotates, cam 17 promotes connecting rod 20, connecting rod 20 promotes ratchet connecting rod 21, ratchet connecting rod 21 promotes ratchet 19, ratchet 19 promotes ratchet 18, ratchet 18 drives brush roll 9 and does intermittent the rotation, described brush roll 9 drives and gets intermittent rotation of fruit roller 8 works by belt 24.Get fruit roller 8 and often turn an angle, with regard to the nut that has a row to connect in the fruit groove, fall into material guiding hopper 10, through material guiding hopper 10, fall into described gap 14, meanwhile, under the cooperation of brush roll, the nut 26 in the fruit case is admitted to a row who gets on fruit roller 8 and connects the fruit groove, and guarantees groove one fruit; Described movable knife rack 5 is provided with back-moving spring 25, an end near cam 17 on movable knife rack 5 is provided with roller 23, cam 17 matches with back-moving spring 25, drive movable knife rack 5 reciprocating, drive on movable knife rack 5 and drive cutting blade 4, cutting blade 4 matches the nut 26 that falls into gap is pushed or cuts with ledger-plate 3, thereby realizes the purpose of broken shell.
In order to improve the output effect of motor, describedly get fruit device 1, ledger-plate 3 and be respectively equipped with two covers with the movable knife rack 5 of cutting blade 4, and be located at respectively the both sides of described power transmission shaft 16, described cam 17, ratchet 18, ratchet 19, connecting rod 20, ratchet connecting rod 21, two rollers 22,23 are respectively established two covers, in order to drive described two to extract fruit device and two cover movable knife racks, two cams 17 all are located on same power transmission shaft 16, and adopt the mode of arranged in dislocation.

Claims (6)

1. heavy duty detergent nut cracker, it is characterized in that: it is mainly by getting the fruit device, frame, ledger-plate, cutting blade, movable knife rack, motor and gearbox form, wherein, described ledger-plate level is located on frame, movable knife rack is located on frame, be located at cutting blade on movable knife rack corresponding with ledger-plate and leave certain gap therebetween, get the fruit device mainly by getting the fruit roller, brush roll, material guiding hopper and fruit case form, described surface of getting the fruit roller is intervally distributed with a plurality of fruit grooves that connect along axis direction, a plurality of connect the fruit flute profile in a row, the surface of getting the fruit roller connects the fruit groove along circumferentially being intervally distributed with many rows, described fruit case is located at gets fruit roller side top, the side bottom of described fruit case is provided with fruit outlet, described fruit outlet is near the surface of getting the fruit roller, described material guiding hopper is located at the top in described gap, the described fruit roller level of getting is located at above the side of material guiding hopper, described brush roll is located at the top of getting the fruit roller side by side, and the bristle of brush roll and the surperficial close contact of getting the fruit roller, described motor is passed to gearbox by power, gearbox drives movable knife rack by transmission mechanism and moves back and forth, and drives simultaneously and get the fruit roller and do intermittent the rotation, gets the fruit roller and often turns an angle, fall into material guiding hopper with regard to the nut that has a row to connect in the fruit groove, through material guiding hopper, fall into described gap.
2. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the described fruit roller of getting drives the brush roll rotation by belt.
3. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the adjustable installation form in described ledger-plate employing position.
4. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described motor adopts single-phase two-capacitance capacitive asynchronous machine.
5. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described transmission mechanism is mainly by driving-belt, power transmission shaft, cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, the ratchet connecting rod, two rollers form, power transmission shaft is located on frame, cam is located on power transmission shaft, an end near cam on connecting rod is provided with roller, one end of the other end and ratchet connecting rod is hinged, the other end of ratchet connecting rod is provided with described ratchet, with the ratchet of click-fit with get fruit roller or brush roll and coaxially install, gearbox drives power transmission shaft by driving-belt, the described cam that power transmission shaft drives on it rotates, cam rotates and promotes connecting rod, connecting rod promotes the ratchet connecting rod, the ratchet connecting rod promotes ratchet, ratchet promotes ratchet, ratchet drives gets fruit roller and the intermittent rotation of brush roll do, described movable knife rack is provided with back-moving spring, and the end near cam on movable knife rack is provided with roller, and cam matches with back-moving spring, drives movable knife rack reciprocating.
6. heavy duty detergent nut cracker according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: describedly get fruit device, ledger-plate and be respectively equipped with two covers with the movable knife rack of cutting blade, and be located at respectively the both sides of described power transmission shaft, described cam, ratchet, ratchet, connecting rod, ratchet connecting rod, two rollers are respectively established two covers, in order to drive described two to extract fruit device and two cover movable knife racks, described two cams all are located on described power transmission shaft.
CN201310423696.4A 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Heavy duty detergent nut cracker Expired - Fee Related CN103431497B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310423696.4A CN103431497B (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Heavy duty detergent nut cracker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310423696.4A CN103431497B (en) 2013-09-17 2013-09-17 Heavy duty detergent nut cracker

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CN103431497A true CN103431497A (en) 2013-12-11
CN103431497B CN103431497B (en) 2015-10-07

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104366662A (en) * 2014-09-09 2015-02-25 颜廷财 Eccentric roller shell breaking machine
CN104366664A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-02-25 陕西科技大学 Flexible striking extrusion type walnut shell breaking equipment
CN104872784A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-02 冯子丰 Novel nut summer fruit opening machine
CN109393533A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-01 安徽永牧机械集团有限公司 A kind of animal husbandry straw feed blank feeding device
CN112318590A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-05 虞梦瑛 Quick automatic segmentation dissection device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6412405B1 (en) * 2001-01-24 2002-07-02 Yuan-Hong Li Peeling device for the inner-embryo membrane of coffee bean
CN202340780U (en) * 2011-11-16 2012-07-25 云南迪思企业集团坚果有限公司 Nut shelling device
CN202714162U (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-02-06 浙江工业大学 Pecan husking machine
CN202819543U (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-03-27 马志贤 Automatic almond opening machine
CN103005621A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 史涛 Nut shell breaking machine
CN103082378A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-05-08 陕西科技大学 Full-automatic Chinese-date vertical type date pit removing and slicing all-in-one machine
CN203482867U (en) * 2013-09-17 2014-03-19 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 High-efficiency nut hull breaking machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6412405B1 (en) * 2001-01-24 2002-07-02 Yuan-Hong Li Peeling device for the inner-embryo membrane of coffee bean
CN202340780U (en) * 2011-11-16 2012-07-25 云南迪思企业集团坚果有限公司 Nut shelling device
CN202714162U (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-02-06 浙江工业大学 Pecan husking machine
CN202819543U (en) * 2012-08-13 2013-03-27 马志贤 Automatic almond opening machine
CN103005621A (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-04-03 史涛 Nut shell breaking machine
CN103082378A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-05-08 陕西科技大学 Full-automatic Chinese-date vertical type date pit removing and slicing all-in-one machine
CN203482867U (en) * 2013-09-17 2014-03-19 中国热带农业科学院农业机械研究所 High-efficiency nut hull breaking machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104366662A (en) * 2014-09-09 2015-02-25 颜廷财 Eccentric roller shell breaking machine
CN104366664A (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-02-25 陕西科技大学 Flexible striking extrusion type walnut shell breaking equipment
CN104872784A (en) * 2015-06-03 2015-09-02 冯子丰 Novel nut summer fruit opening machine
CN109393533A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-03-01 安徽永牧机械集团有限公司 A kind of animal husbandry straw feed blank feeding device
CN112318590A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-02-05 虞梦瑛 Quick automatic segmentation dissection device

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Granted publication date: 20151007

Termination date: 20170917