The vegetable planting device that intelligence regulates
The present invention relates to a kind of vegetable planting device, specifically relate to a kind of vegetable planting device that can realize the adjusting of room temperature intelligence.
Along with the raising of people's living standard, people more and more pay attention to the environment that self lives, and wherein in indoor layout, viewing and admiring vegetation is method most popular and that adopt.Tradition is planted the many employings of flower process and is manually watered, and this not only will expend a large amount of manpowers and time, and the very difficult control of the amount of manually watering, and is unfavorable for the growth of vegetation.In addition, for the long-term family on business trips of kinsfolk, owing to there is no energy and condition, be in and arrange that viewing and admiring vegetation also becomes a kind of excessive demand.
For solving tradition, plant the technical problem existing in flower process, application number is the flowerpot that the patent documentation of CN200720062693.2 discloses a kind of automatic control pot plant output, this flowerpot comprises basin body, the lateral wall below of basin body is provided with cistern, cistern upper end open, on the corresponding sidewall of cistern cavity, offer the honeycomb hole that cistern cavity is communicated with basin body inner chamber, the distance at the bottom of cistern peristoma and basin be about basin high 1/3～1/4.While using above-mentioned flowerpot, cistern plays the effect of retaining, simultaneously can observe water level by its upper end open, be convenient to supplement in time plant moisture, does not need manually repeatedly to water, and in cistern, during hypohydration, supplies in time.
Yet above-mentioned flowerpot in use, the soil moisture content of plant root is very large, and root system of plant long period of soaking, in the soil of this high-moisture, the phenomenons such as root system rots easily occurs, and is unsuitable for especially the plant cultivating of liking dry and comfortable.For solving this technical problem, application number is that the patent documentation of CN201120134923.8 discloses a Plants keeping automaton, comprise feed flow bottle, sepage dish, plantation basin body, described feed flow bottle body and bottleneck end is provided with cover plate, cover plate below is provided with to be close to and rotatable rotor plate, rotor plate below bottle mouth wall is provided with an air guide port, bottleneck is along being provided with liquid outlet, described supplying bottle bottleneck is positioned in the groove of sepage dish, the groove of sepage dish opposite side is built-in with plantation basin body, the suction hole of described plantation basin bottom is installed with water suction bar, described water suction bar upper end is placed in plantation basin body, lower end is stretched into described sepage dish and is filled in the groove of nutrient solution.While adopting this device, when nutrient solution or water are filled after feed flow bottle, rotate rotor plate, make the hole on cover plate be rotated plate covering, feed flow bottle is inverted in the groove in sepage dish, rotate again rotor plate, the round mouth of rotor plate is flowed in groove, and the water suction bar in groove is drawn into nutrient solution or water in plantation basin body, meanwhile, air flow in supplying bottle endotrophic liquid or side's waterborne air chamber by air guide port, thereby guarantees that nutrient solution or water continue to flow in groove.Once nutrient solution in groove or water, surpass the air guide port on its supplying bottle body wall, the new air that water supply bottle endotrophic liquid or side's waterborne air chamber just can not obtain supplementing, thereby groove and feed flow bottle internal pressure reach balance very soon, nutrient solution or water are just no longer in liquid outlet flows into groove, impel soil moisture to keep certain measurement, nourish the root of plant, not to make plant due to long-time neglected and arid withered, equally can not cause because moisture is excessive coring decay and necrosis yet.But this flowerpot still needs artificial treatment, can not realize automatically, and the humidity and temperature of flowerpot cannot obtain stable control.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides the vegetable planting device that a kind of intelligence regulates, utilize this vegetable planting device, can realize the automatic control of humidity, need not manually take care of, save manpower and time, guarantee that plant grows up under best environment simultaneously, be suitable for the plantation needs of each Plants, practical.
The vegetable planting device that intelligence regulates, comprising: base, is provided with the first storage tank with liquid level lifting device in this base; Described base is provided with the water inlet being communicated with described the first storage tank; For the sparge pipe supplying water to plant, this sparge pipe is provided with feed water valve, and the water inlet of sparge pipe is communicated with the delivery port of described liquid level lifting device; Soil moisture detector, for detecting in real time the humidity of plant soil, and sends humidity signal; Controller, controls the switching of feed water valve according to the humidity signal receiving.
While using the vegetable planting device of intelligence adjusting of the present invention, this device can be according to the humidity of soil in basin to the soil operation of automatically watering, do not need manual intervention, by controller, control the relevant parameter watering, the cultivation quality further guaranteeing, avoided for what operation brought, watering the unsuitable drawback of the water yield and laborsaving saving time because of people.
The vegetable planting device that intelligence of the present invention regulates can be used together with common flowerpot, also can be used alone.When using together with common small flowerpot, can directly common flowerpot be placed on described base, now need pouring water to be filled in advance in the first storage tank.While using together with the large-scale flowerpot with common, the vegetable planting device that can directly intelligence of the present invention be regulated is placed in the end face of flowerpot soil, or also base can be fixed in soil.When the vegetable planting device regulating when intelligence of the present invention is used separately, for ease of the plantation of vegetation, as preferably: the vegetable planting device that described intelligence regulates also comprises the basin body that holds chamber with soil; Described basin body is sandwich, forms airtight cavity in sandwich; Described basin body is provided with water filling port and the discharge outlet being communicated with described cavity, and described discharge outlet place is provided with control valve; Described base is used for supporting described basin body, and described base is provided with for opening the triggering part of described control valve; Water inlet on described base docks with the discharge outlet of described basin body.
While using the vegetable planting device that the intelligence of above-mentioned preferred version regulates, can directly vegetation be planted in the soil of basin body and be held in chamber.In the time of need to adding pouring water, can be directly injected in the cavity in basin body.Because the space of the inner chamber body of basin body is larger, do not need to add frequently water operation, saved manpower, also can guarantee that vegetation, also can normal growth when uncared for simultaneously.
For meeting the requirement of family expenses or some other grade places, a kind of preferred technical scheme is: the vegetable planting device that described intelligence regulates also comprises: for the sprayer unit to air wetting; Air humidity detector, for detecting in real time the humidity of air, and sends air humidity signal; Described controller is simultaneously according to the start and stop of the air humidity signal controlling sprayer unit receiving.Said apparatus can be used for some high-grade hotels, family or other entertainment places are used, and when air humidity detector detects surrounding air humidity when too low, can automatically to air, add wet trade, has improved indoor comfort level.
For ease of the layout of sprayer unit, improve the overall aesthetics of whole device, as preferred technical scheme: described base top is fixed with mount pad, and described sprayer unit is located in this mount pad; In described mount pad, be also provided with: the second storage tank being communicated with described liquid level lifting device delivery port, the water inlet of described sparge pipe and the water inlet of described sprayer unit are all communicated with the inner chamber of the second storage tank, and the water inlet of described the second storage tank is communicated with the delivery port of described liquid level lifting device; For detection of the water level detection gauge of the second storage tank water level inside, send water level detecting signal simultaneously; Described controller, simultaneously according to the water level detecting signal receiving, is controlled the start and stop of liquid level lifting device.While using this device, when in the second storage tank, water level is too low, controller automatically starting liquid level lifting device is added water operation to the second storage tank, when in the second storage tank, water level is too high, controller can cut out liquid level lifting device automatically, need not manually add water operation.
According to the difference of vegetation height, be the adjustment realizing mount pad height, as preferably, described base and mount pad interfix by the telescoping tube of hollow, and this telescoping tube comprises: the outer tube of fixing with base and being communicated with the first storage tank; The inner tube that top is fixed with mount pad and is communicated with the second storage tank, described inner tube bottom is set in outer tube inside; And the fixture that outer tube and inner tube are interfixed; Between described outer tube and inner tube, be provided with at least one seal.Seal is used for avoiding moisture in telescoping tube to leak outside.Water in the first storage tank, under the effect of liquid level lifting device, enters into the second storage tank by telescoping tube.
Fixing for ease of sparge pipe, as preferably, described sparge pipe comprises: the water supply section that water inlet is communicated with described the second storage tank, the spray-type air washer section supplying water to plant and the linkage section that supply water section and spray-type air washer section is sealed to connection; Described linkage section and described outer tube are slidably matched.Spray-type air washer section is provided with water jet.
For ease of the adjustment of water jet height, as preferably, described water supply section and spray-type air washer section are bellows structure; Described linkage section is the retainer ring being set on outer tube, and described retainer ring is sandwich, forms the water channel of sealing in sandwich, and this water channel is communicated with described water supply section and spray-type air washer section simultaneously.By adjusting the height of retainer ring, can realize the adjustment of water jet height.
For some to temperature than more sensitive vegetation, be to guarantee the normal growth of vegetation, need to adjust temperature around in good time, now can select following technical scheme: described mount pad is provided with air inlet and air outlet; The fan that the hot blast that is provided with heating plate in described mount pad and heating plate is produced blows out from air outlet.For realizing automatic control, air themperature detector can be further set, the temperature signal that controller simultaneously can admission of air temperature monitor is implemented opening and closing heating plate and fan, realizes Based Intelligent Control.
For some occasions higher to health conditions requiring, can adopt in described mount pad bottom surface uviol lamp and illuminating lamp are set, described illuminating lamp is arranged along mount pad surrounding.The setting of uviol lamp, can make this device to carry out real-time sterilization to surrounding air.Illuminating lamp is mainly used in surrounding air to throw light on.
Sprayer unit can adopt spraying apparatus common in prior art, for further reducing the overall volume of cultivation device of the present invention, as preferably, described sprayer unit is the fog-spray nozzle that atomizing piece is installed, this fog-spray nozzle is fixed on the bottom surface of mount pad, and the water inlet of this fog-spray nozzle is communicated with described the second storage tank simultaneously.
Controller is generally positioned in base, and for ease of the input of controller parameter with read, as preferably, described base is provided with touch-screen, and this touch-screen is provided with input area and viewing area, and the control parameter of described controller is inputted by described touch-screen.
For ease of user, understand the water yield in basin body interlayer, realization is added in time to the water yield in it, and basin body sidewall is provided with transparent water-level observation window.When soil holds in chamber excess moisture in basin body, for ease of moisture in soil, discharge in time, avoid causing vegetation root system to rot, as preferably, described basin body and base are provided with soil and hold the osculum that chamber is communicated with.
Basin in the vegetable planting device that intelligence of the present invention regulates and base are used together with can be generally, also can separately use, and for example basin body can be used as common flowerpot and uses, and has the function of fish jar concurrently simultaneously; With the base of sparge pipe, can be used as the device that independent there is humidification, adds the functions such as water and use, also traditional flowerpot can be positioned on base, now need in water tank, add in advance water; In addition, for some large-scale traditional flowerpots, the base with sparge pipe can be placed directly in large-scale flowerpot, to the operation of watering of vegetation wherein.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is embodied in:
(1) while using the vegetable planting device that intelligence of the present invention regulates, can automatically realize the humidification of vegetation the operation of watering, not need manual operation, when saving manpower, improve cultivation quality; Employing, with the basin body that holds chamber, can realize the storage to large quantity of moisture, even if user often travels on business trips outside, can not cause yet vegetation because of lack of water withered.
(2) setting of damping device, makes the vegetable planting device of intelligence adjusting of the present invention when having cultivation function, also can realize the wet practice that adds to surrounding air; Improved user's life comfortableness, be specially adapted to the occasions such as family, hotel and use.
(3) use of uviol lamp and illuminating lamp, has further improved the functional of the intelligent vegetable planting device regulating of the present invention, can realize the sterilization of surrounding environment and illumination simultaneously.
(4) setting of heating plate and fan, can realize the control to vegetation ambient air temperature, and the vegetable planting device that intelligence of the present invention is regulated can be used for the northern region that temperature is lower, also can be used for the southern region of relative warmth; Can be used for cold-resistant vegetation cultivation, also, applicable to the warm vegetation plantation of happiness, applicability is stronger.
(5) the vegetable planting device monnolithic case that intelligence of the present invention regulates is attractive in appearance, can in the interlayer of basin body, raise as required some small fish etc., saves independent purchase fish jar, complete function.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of the intelligent vegetable planting device regulating of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the second embodiment of the intelligent vegetable planting device regulating of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the detailed section view of the vegetable planting device that shown in Fig. 2, intelligence regulates.
Fig. 4 is mount pad inner structure schematic diagram in the vegetable planting device that shown in Fig. 2, intelligence regulates.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of mount pad bottom surface shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of control valve in the vegetable planting device that shown in Fig. 2, intelligence regulates.
As shown in Fig. 2～4: the vegetable planting device that a kind of intelligence regulates, comprising: base 2, be placed on base 2 end faces basin body 1, be fixed on the telescoping tube 28 on base 2 and be fixed on the mount pad 3 on telescoping tube 28 tops, mount pad 3 bottom surfaces are fixed with sparge pipe 4.
In basin body 1, with soil, hold chamber 1a, basin body 1 is sandwich, forms airtight cavity 1b in sandwich.Basin body 1 is cylindrical structural, also can be processed into as required the structure of other profiles.Basin body 1 top is along being provided with the water filling port 7 being communicated with its inner chamber 1b body, and water filling port 7 places are provided with seal valve 1d.Basin body 1 bottom is provided with discharge outlet 1c, and discharge outlet 1c place is provided with control valve 8.Between the discharge outlet 1c of control valve 8 and basin body 1, be provided with filter screen and sealing gasket.Basin body 1 bottom is provided with osculum 1e, for discharging the unnecessary moisture of soil.
The structure of control valve 8 as shown in Figure 6, comprises up and down and inserts the spool 8b of valve body 8a inside and be set in the back-moving spring 8c on spool 8b with valve body 8a, one end of opening.Spool 8b comprises upper cover 8b-1, lower cover 8b-2 and by upper cover 8b-1 and the fixing dead lever 8b-3 of lower cover 8b-2, wherein upper cover 8b-1 is positioned at valve body 8a top, and diameter is greater than the bore of the upper shed of valve body 8a, for shutoff upper shed; Lower cover 8b-2 is arranged in valve body 8a cavity, and diameter is greater than the bore of the under shed of valve body 8a, for the under shed of shutoff valve body 8a.Meanwhile, the contact-making surface of the under shed of valve body 8a and lower cover 8b-2 is inclined-plane, is convenient to reset and the sealing of lower cover 8b-2.Back-moving spring 8c top is against edge, valve body 8a inner chamber top, and bottom is against lower cover 8b-2 upper surface.When basin body 1 is positioned on base 2, trigger part 10 and promote lower cover 8b-2, lower cover 8b-2 and upper cover 8b-1 with on move, the upper and lower opening of valve body 8a is communicated with, the cavity of basin body 1 is communicated with the first storage tank, the water in basin body 1 cavity enters into the first storage tank.Basin body 1 sidewall is provided with transparent water-level observation window 19, is convenient to user and observes the water level in basin body cavity.
Base 2 end faces are provided with the supporting surface 2a that supports basin body 1, in supporting surface 2a surrounding, turn over basin body 1 bottom and match, this supporting surface 2a is provided with the water inlet 9 being communicated with the first storage tank 25, water inlet 9 central authorities are provided with the triggering part 10 for opening controlling valve 8, and water inlet 9 docks with the discharge outlet 1c of basin body 1.On supporting surface 2a, be also provided with osculum 21, this osculum 21 is communicated with the osculum 1e of basin body 1 bottom, for discharging the excessive moisture of basin body 1 interior soil, prevents that transition immersion from causing root system of plant to rot.Base 2 is cavity body structure, the base body 2b interfixing and base plate 22, consists of, and base plate 22 is provided with blow vent 22a and osculum 22b, the setting party of blow vent 22a the draining of osculum.In the cavity of base 2, be fixed with the first storage tank 25, the first storage tank bottom is fixed with dismountable cover plate 23, in the first storage tank 25, be provided with liquid level lifting device 11, liquid level lifting device 11 herein can adopt water pump, and exit of pump is communicated with the water inlet of telescoping tube 28.Controller is arranged in base 2 simultaneously.Base 2 is provided with touch-screen 20, and this touch-screen is provided with input area and viewing area, and the control parameter of controller is inputted by this touch-screen.Base 2 belows are provided with pallet 24, for holding the unnecessary moisture of discharging from osculum 22b, prevent that excessive moisture is excessive.
Soil moisture detector 12, for detecting in real time the humidity of basin body 1 interior soil, and sends humidity signal, in the soil of operated by rotary motion in basin body 1; Controller, controls the switching of feed water valve 26 according to the humidity signal receiving.
Telescoping tube 28 is stretching structure, comprises mutually sheathed inner tube 28b and outer tube 28a and by the fixture 28c that inner tube 28b and outer tube 28a interfix, between inner tube 28b and outer tube 28a, is provided with seal, and inner tube 28b and outer tube 28a all can adopt metal material.Inner tube 28b top is fixed with mount pad 3, and bottom is enclosed within outer tube 28a top, and end, inner tube 28b bottom is provided with the groove of sheathed seal, and seal is generally rubber ring, for preventing that sparge pipe from leaking.Outer tube 28a bottom interfixes with base 2, and is communicated with the first storage tank 25 simultaneously.Fixture 28c can adopt various structures, is prior art, for example, can adopt the stretching structure of existing mop handle.
Mount pad 3 forms by level board 3a with the cover plate 3b that level board 3a interfixes, and cover plate 3b is provided with air inlet 6, and level board 3a is provided with air outlet 14; The fan that the level board 3a of mount pad 3 is provided with heating plate 5 and the hot blast of heating plate 5 generations is blown out from air outlet 14, fan is located between heating plate 5 and air outlet.In mount pad 3, be provided with for the sprayer unit to air wetting; Sprayer unit is the fog-spray nozzle 17 that atomizing piece is installed, and this fog-spray nozzle is fixed on the bottom surface of level board 3a; In mount pad 3, be provided with the second storage tank 18, the second storage tank 18 is fixed on level board 3a, the water inlet of the second storage tank 18 is communicated with the delivery port of telescoping tube 28, the delivery port that the second storage tank 18 is provided with blow vent and is communicated with the water inlet of fog-spray nozzle 17 and the water inlet of sparge pipe 4.The interior water level detection gauge 27 that arranges of the second storage tank 18 for detection of the water level situation in the second storage tank 18, is sent water level detecting signal simultaneously; Controller, simultaneously according to the water level detecting signal receiving, is controlled the start and stop of liquid level lifting device 11.Sprayer unit be arranged on the air humidity detector collaborative work on mount pad 3 or basin body 1, air humidity detector 13 is for detecting in real time the humidity of air, and sends air humidity signal; This Time Controller is simultaneously according to the start and stop of the air humidity signal controlling sprayer unit receiving.Level board 3a bottom surface is provided with uviol lamp 15 and illuminating lamp, illuminating lamp is along mount pad 3 surroundings layouts, and illuminating lamp is herein generally LED lamp, for avoiding light to spread to surrounding, can be chosen in LED lamp and shadow shield is set around, LED lamp is emitted beam along the direction of design.
Sparge pipe 4 is for supplying water to basin body 1 implants, and this sparge pipe 4 is provided with feed water valve 26, and feed water valve 26 is generally selected magnetic valve, and the water inlet of sparge pipe 4 is communicated with the water storage cavity of the second storage tank 18.Sparge pipe 4 comprises: the water supply section 4a that water inlet is communicated with the second storage tank 18, the spray-type air washer section 4b supplying water to plant and the linkage section 4c that supply water section 4a and spray-type air washer section 4b sealing are communicated with; Linkage section 4c and outer tube 28a are slidably matched.Water supply section 4a and spray-type air washer section 4b are bellows structure; Linkage section 4c is the retainer ring being set on outer tube, and retainer ring is sandwich, forms the water channel of sealing in sandwich, and this water channel is communicated with supply water section 4a and spray-type air washer section 4b simultaneously.
In the actual use procedure of vegetable planting device that the intelligence of present embodiment regulates:
First need to the appropriate pouring water of the interior injection of basin body 1, can, by the height of water level in the inner chamber of water-level observation window 19 observation basin bodies 1, after having annotated, utilize seal valve 1d that water filling port 7 is shut; Now can in inner chamber 1b, raise fish etc. as required;
Then the basin body of serike is positioned on base 2, is triggering under the effect of part 10, the water in basin body 1 cavity 1b enters into the first storage tank 25;
It is too low that starting stage water level detection gauge 27 detects the second storage tank 27 middle water levels, the water level signal of collection is sent to controller, controller starts liquid level lifting device 11, and when in the second storage tank 27, liquid level meets the demands, controller cuts out liquid level lifting device 11;
When soil moisture detector 12 detects the humidity of basin body 1 interior soil when too low, controller, according to the soil moisture detection signal receiving, is opened feed water valve 26, and 4 pairs of interior soil of basin body 1 of sparge pipe are sprayed water; When the interior soil moisture of basin body 1 is up to standard, controller cuts out feed water valve 26;
When air humidity detector 13 detects the humidity of surrounding air when too low, controller, according to the air humidity detection signal receiving, is opened sprayer unit, and sprayer unit starts surrounding air to carry out humidification; When the humidity of surrounding air is up to standard, controller cuts out sprayer unit;
When ambient temperature is too low, can open heating plate 5 and fan, surrounding air is heated, if be provided with temperature monitor, can automatically complete heating operation by controller;
When needs carry out sterilization to surrounding air, can open the uviol lamp in mount pad 3;
When needs throw light on, can open the illuminating lamp in mount pad;
According to plant height difference, can suitably regulate the height of telescoping tube 28 and sparge pipe 4.
As shown in Figure 1; the difference of present embodiment and embodiment 1 is only not comprise basin body 1; control valve 8 outsides are provided with over cap; control valve 8 is under free state; owing to not triggering the trigger action of part, control valve 8 is in closed condition, if the vegetable planting device that intelligence now regulates is during for small flowerpot; can directly the cultivation device that is fixed on mount pad 3, sparge pipe 4 and the base 2 of one be positioned over to supporting surface 2a upper, now the water in the first storage tank 25 needs artificial injection.When for large-scale flowerpot, can directly the mount pad 3, sparge pipe 4 and the base 2 that are fixed on one be placed in the soil end face or fixing soil in flowerpot, now the water in the first storage tank 25 also needs artificial injection.Other structures are with embodiment 1.