CN103420722A - Preparation method for biological organic fertilizer - Google Patents

Preparation method for biological organic fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103420722A
CN103420722A CN2013103369329A CN201310336932A CN103420722A CN 103420722 A CN103420722 A CN 103420722A CN 2013103369329 A CN2013103369329 A CN 2013103369329A CN 201310336932 A CN201310336932 A CN 201310336932A CN 103420722 A CN103420722 A CN 103420722A
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weight
mixture
organic fertilizer
biological organic
kilograms
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CN103420722B (en
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赵前飞
李学功
李亮
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SHANXI AOKUN BIOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE CORPORATION
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Shanxi Ak Quantum Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method for a biological organic fertilizer. The method comprises the following steps: 1, fully and uniformly mixing fermentation raw materials and fermentation microbes to obtain a mixed material, adding plant or animal protein into the mixed material to control C: N of the mixed material at (15-40):1, and adjusting the moisture content to be 50-60 weight percent; and allowing the mixed material to be subjected to fermentation processing. The fertilizer obtained from the method integrates various necessary nutrient substances for plant growth; and the fertilizing procedures are less, without complex and labor-consuming batching process. Moreover, the nutritional ingredients in the state can be quickly absorbed by the plants, the fertilizer can be applied during period of nutrition absorption peak of the plants, so as to avoid the problems that the fertility is not enough and the growth is weak during period of the nutrition absorption peak of the plants, as the nutrition absorption for the conventional organic fertilizer is slow.

Description

A kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer
Technical field
The present invention relates to the fertilizer production technology field, more particularly relate to a kind ofly take Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag and produce the biological organic fertilizer method as base-material.
Background technology
Organic farming is in accordance with certain Organic farming production standard, the biology and the product thereof that do not adopt aborning genetically engineered to obtain, do not use the material such as agricultural chemicals, chemical fertilizer, growth regulator, fodder additives of chemosynthesis, follow the course of nature and ecological principle, coordinate the balance of plant husbandry and aquaculture, the agrotechnique that adopts a series of Sustainable developments is to maintain a kind of mode of agriculture of continual and steady system agricultural industry." organic products " national standard part 1 GB/T19630.1-2011 has stipulated to allow in the crop-planting plant and animal source, mineral source and microbe-derived improvement of soil fertility and the upgrade materials used.These materials are used separately or mix and use and can provide one or more nutritive substances to crop, but many kinds of substance exists the active poor as stalk that naturally becomes thoroughly decomposed, time of releasing slowly single such as sulphur and borax etc. such as ground phosphate rock and potassium breeze, nutrition, only have and use many kinds of substance simultaneously, could execute in theory the required nutrition of enough crop production, the operation of not only applying fertilizer is many, the batching trouble, also may be because dietetic alimentation is slow, especially absorb peak period at crop alimentary, occur that fertility is inadequate, the weak phenomenon of growing.
The Organic farming crop-planting must provide more healthy food and articles for use to people unexpectedly, effectively soil protection is not damaged, recover the ecotope of nature, for example the wide in range narration of publication number CN1332134 the working method of the ecological organic fertilizer used of the modern Organic farming of a kind of confession, the ecological agriculture, green food, landscaping plant; CN1765843 discloses seal chinaberry compoiste fertilizer and preparation method thereof: nim oil cake powder, nim oil, the mixture of China tree or melia toosendan oil cake powder, soybean oil cake powder, peanut oil cake powder, cotton-seed oil meal, tea-seed oil cake powder, rap oil seedcake powder, castor-oil plant oil cake powder any or they, wilkinite, water; Oil cake powder after pulverizing is mixed by formula rate, then add in proportion nim oil, add wilkinite, finally add water and mix, the raw material after above-mentioned mixing is inserted to the extrusion machine granulation, packed for standby use gets final product.In above patent of invention, CN1332134 could not provide ecological organic fertilizer concrete preparation method, CN1673197 preparation method of organic fertilizer Source Organic Matter is limited to wherein a kind of of bacterium bag, tobacco leftovers or spirit distiller grain discarded after edible mushrooms, in CN1765843, compoiste fertilizer is by simple physical mixed extruding preparation, organic matter is not become thoroughly decomposed, have poor activity, effect is shortcoming slowly.In addition, above patent is not all mentioned with Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag and is produced biological organic fertilizer.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer, to solve, existing organic fertilizer fertilising operation is many, the batching trouble, and, because nutrition supply is slow, at crop alimentary, absorbs peak period, occurs that fertility is inadequate, the weak problem of growing.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention has adopted following technical scheme:
A kind of preparation method of biological organic fertilizer comprises the following steps:
Step 1, fully mix the acquisition mixture by fermentation raw material and organism of fermentation, by add plant or animal protein in described mixture, the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 15~40:1, and water content is adjusted to 50~60 % by weight; Preferred described plant protein is bean cake powder.
Step 2, carry out fermentative processing to mixture; Concrete fermentative processing process is: in fermenting container, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, mixture is carried out fully throwing and turning over, and makes oxygen fully enter mixture; Continuation is fermented to mixture, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over; Continuation is fermented to mixture, until the mixture temperature reaches 60 ℃, again mixture is carried out fully throwing and turning over;
Continuation is fermented to mixture, and temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpasses and throws and turn over again, cooling, repeat mixture and fermented, throw and turn over operation, until mixture becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then mixture is stacked 15~30 days, fully after slaking, obtained biological organic fertilizer;
Described fermentation raw material comprises: dry Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag 700~800 weight parts, wheat bran 10~50 weight parts, rice bran 10~50 weight parts, brown sugar 0~10 weight part, sucrose 0~10 weight part, glucose 0~10 weight part, the inorganic mineral of other natural origin: ground phosphate rock 30~60 weight parts, potassium breeze 20~50 weight parts, plant ash 0~50 weight part, borax 0~20 weight part, magnesium slag 0~50 weight part, sulphur 0~30 weight part, gypsum or Wingdale 0~40 weight part;
Described organism of fermentation comprises: living bacteria count is greater than subtilis (Bacillus subtilis) 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than yeast (Saccharomyces) 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than Trichoderma (Trichodermaspp.) 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than phosphorus decomposing function yeast 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than potassium decomposing function yeast 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than vinelandii 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams.
Preferably, described dry Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag diameter is less than 1 centimetre, and described wheat bran and described rice bran are all crossed 5 mm sieve.
Preferably, the fineness of described ground phosphate rock is less than 50 orders, and wherein phosphorus pentoxide content is the 15-40 % by weight.
Preferably, the fineness of described potassium breeze is less than 50 orders, and in the potassium breeze, potassium oxide content is greater than 10 % by weight; In described plant ash, potassium oxide content is greater than 5%.
Preferably, the fineness of described magnesium slag, sulphur is less than 50 orders, and the fineness of described gypsum or Wingdale is less than 50 orders.
Preferably, described yeast is one or both in yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), pichia spp (Pichia farinosa (Lindner) Hansen).
Preferably, described Trichoderma is viride (Trichoderma viride), Trichodermareesei (Trichoderma reesei) and wherein one or more of healthy and free from worry wood mould (Trichoderma pseudokoningii).
Preferably, described phosphorus decomposing function yeast is one or more in bacillus megaterium (Bacillus megaterium), false pseudomonas bacillus (Pseudomonadaceae), edaphic bacillus (AgrobacteriumConn, 1942), aspergillus tubigensis (Aspergillus), sickle-like bacteria (Fusarium spp.) and AM VA Mycorrhizal Fungi (Arbuscular mycorrhizae).
Preferably, described potassium decomposing function yeast is colloid bacillus cereus (Bacillus mucilaginosus Krassilnikov).
Preferably, described vinelandii are one or both in azotobacter chroococcum (Azotobacter chroococcum) and Wa Enlande vinelandii (Azotobacter vinelandii).
In the production process of above-mentioned fertilizer, the phosphorus decomposing function yeast that ground phosphate rock and living bacteria count are greater than 5,000 ten thousand/grams is used in conjunction with and can provides the element of the phosphorus nutrition with slow release effect for crop.The potassium decomposing function yeast that potassium breeze and living bacteria count are greater than 5,000 ten thousand/grams is used in conjunction with and can provides the element of the potassium nutrition with slow release effect for crop.And contain the available potassium that plant can directly absorb in plant ash, when crop potassium nutrition absorbed dose is large, can use the biological organic fertilizer many containing plant ash.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The fertilizer that biological organic fertilizer preparation method of the present invention produces combines the various plants necessary nutritive substance of growing, and when using, the fertilising operation is few, do not need to carry out complicated heavy blending process.In addition, the state that nutritive ingredient all can absorb immediately in plant can be used when crop alimentary absorbs peak, avoided conventional fertilizer to cause because dietetic alimentation is slow, make crop alimentary absorb peak period, occur that fertility is inadequate, the weak problem of growing.
In the situation that can not use chemosynthesis fertilizer, Organic farming is used biological organic fertilizer of the present invention can reach the output suitable with chemosynthesis fertilizer, has not only improved soil, has improved crop quality, and output also is guaranteed.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The biological organic fertilizer of a kind of organic apple special use of this examples produce, the production of biological organic fertilizer is carried out in airtight biological fermentation tower.The concrete production technique of biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
Get and be ground into 800 kilograms of the Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slags (dry weight) that diameter is less than 1 centimetre, wheat bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 20 kilograms, rice bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 10 kilograms, 2 kilograms, brown sugar, 6 kilograms of glucose, ground phosphate rock, phosphorus pentoxide content 28.5%, fineness is less than 50 orders, 40 kilograms, the potassium breeze, potassium oxide content 12.2%, fineness is less than 50 orders, 20 kilograms, plant ash, wherein potassium oxide content 6.4%, 20 kilograms, 5 kilograms of boraxs, magnesium slag, content of magnesia 17.6%, fineness is less than 50 orders, 20 kilograms, subtilis liquid, the several 200,000,000/grams of effective active bacterium, 3 kilograms, the S. cervisiae powder, living bacteria count is greater than 1,000,000,000/gram, 500 grams, Li's Trichoderma liquid, the several 500,000,000/grams of effective active bacterium, 1 kilogram, bacillus megaterium liquid, the several 500,000,000/grams of effective active bacterium, 5 kilograms, colloid bacillus cereus liquid, living bacteria count 200,000,000/gram, 5 kilograms, Wa Enlande vinelandii liquid, living bacteria count 600,000,000/gram, 10 kilograms.
By above-mentioned feed ratio, material is added in stirrer, fully mix the acquisition mixture; By adding bean cake powder that the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 15:1 in described mixture; Measure water content, and add clear water and adjust water content to 55 % by weight, stirring and evenly mixing, then reach in fermentation vat by transport tape again.Under the effect of multiple beneficial bacterium, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, and make oxygen fully enter material, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 60 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, but temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpass and throw and turn over again, cooling, repeat this operation, until material becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then material is stacked 20 days, fully after slaking, material is tested, packing, warehouse-in, be the described biological organic fertilizer of using for organic apple cultivation of this patent, concrete consumption is executed the 300-2000 kilogram according to the growth conditions mu of soil physical chemistry situation and apple tree.
Embodiment 2
The biological organic fertilizer of a kind of Organic cucumber special use of this examples produce, the production of biological organic fertilizer is carried out in airtight biological fermentation tower.The concrete production technique of biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
Get and be ground into 700 kilograms of the Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slags (dry weight) that diameter is less than 1 centimetre, wheat bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 10 kilograms, rice bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 50 kilograms, brown sugar, 5 kilograms, sucrose, 10 kilograms, the inorganic mineral of other natural origin, ground phosphate rock, fineness is less than 50 orders, wherein phosphorus pentoxide content 15%, 60 kilograms, the potassium breeze, fineness is less than 50 orders, wherein potassium oxide content 10%, 20 kilograms, plant ash, wherein potassium oxide content 5%, 50 kilograms, magnesium slag, fineness is less than 50 orders, 50 kilograms, Wingdale, fineness is less than 50 orders, 40 kilograms, get the probiotics of following classification, subtilis, the several 8,000 ten thousand/grams of effective active bacterium, 800 grams, pichia spp, living bacteria count 500,000,000/gram, 10 kilograms, healthy and free from worry wood is mould, living bacteria count 200,000,000/gram, 3 kilograms, edaphic bacillus, living bacteria count 6,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms, colloid bacillus cereus, living bacteria count 200,000,000/gram, 5 kilograms, azotobacter chroococcum, living bacteria count 9,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms.
By above-mentioned feed ratio, material is added in stirrer, fully mix the acquisition mixture; By adding bean cake powder that the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 25:1 in described mixture; Measure water content, and add clear water and adjust water content to 50 % by weight, stirring and evenly mixing, then reach in fermentation vat by transport tape again.Under the effect of multiple beneficial bacterium, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, and make oxygen fully enter material, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 60 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, but temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpass and throw and turn over again, cooling, repeat this operation, until material becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then material is stacked 20 days, fully after slaking, material is tested, packing, warehouse-in, be the described biological organic fertilizer for Organic cucumber plantation use of this patent, concrete consumption is executed the 500-1500 kilogram according to the growth conditions mu of soil physical chemistry situation and cucumber.
Embodiment 3
The biological organic fertilizer of a kind of Organic tomato special use of this examples produce, the production of biological organic fertilizer is carried out in airtight biological fermentation tower.The concrete production technique of biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
Get and be ground into 750 kilograms of the Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slags (dry weight) that diameter is less than 1 centimetre, wheat bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 30 kilograms, rice bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 30 kilograms, brown sugar, 5 kilograms, sucrose, 5 kilograms, 10 kilograms of glucose, the inorganic mineral of other natural origin, ground phosphate rock, fineness is less than 50 orders, wherein phosphorus pentoxide content 40%, 30 kilograms, the potassium breeze, fineness is less than 50 orders, wherein potassium oxide content 15%, 20 kilograms, 10 kilograms of boraxs, magnesium slag, fineness is less than 50 orders, 20 kilograms, sulphur, fineness is less than 50 orders, 2 kilograms, the fineness of gypsum is less than 50 orders, 10kg.Get the probiotics of following classification, subtilis, effective active bacterium number is greater than 100,000,000/gram, 10 kilograms, yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, living bacteria count 7,000 ten thousand/grams, 2 kilograms, pichia spp, living bacteria count 500,000,000/gram, 200 grams, viride, living bacteria count 5,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms, aspergillus tubigensis, living bacteria count is greater than 1,000,000,000/gram, 200 grams, colloid bacillus cereus, living bacteria count 8,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms, the Wa Enlande vinelandii, living bacteria count 5,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms.
By above-mentioned feed ratio, material is added in stirrer, fully mix the acquisition mixture; By adding bean cake powder that the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 40:1 in described mixture; Measure water content, and add clear water and adjust water content to 60 % by weight, stirring and evenly mixing, then reach in fermentation vat by transport tape again.Under the effect of multiple beneficial bacterium, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, and make oxygen fully enter material, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 60 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, but temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpass and throw and turn over again, cooling, repeat this operation, until material becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then material is stacked 20 days, fully after slaking, material is tested, packing, warehouse-in, be the described biological organic fertilizer for Organic tomato plantation use of this patent, concrete consumption is executed the 300-1800 kilogram according to the growth conditions mu of soil physical chemistry situation and tomato.
Embodiment 4
The biological organic fertilizer of a kind of organic cherry special use of this examples produce, the production of biological organic fertilizer is carried out in airtight biological fermentation tower.The concrete production technique of biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
Get and be ground into 790 kilograms of the Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slags (dry weight) that diameter is less than 1 centimetre, wheat bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 20 kilograms, rice bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 10 kilograms, 10 kilograms, brown sugar, 6 kilograms of glucose, ground phosphate rock, phosphorus pentoxide content 28.5%, fineness is less than 50 orders, 40 kilograms, the potassium breeze, potassium oxide content 12.2%, fineness is less than 50 orders, 20 kilograms, plant ash, wherein potassium oxide content 6.4%, 20 kilograms, magnesium slag, content of magnesia 17.6%, fineness is less than 50 orders, 20 kilograms, sulphur, fineness is less than 50 orders, 30 kilograms, subtilis liquid, the several 600,000,000/grams of effective active bacterium, 200 grams, the S. cervisiae powder, living bacteria count is greater than 1,000,000,000/gram, 200 grams, Li's Trichoderma liquid, the several 500,000,000/grams of effective active bacterium, 1 kilogram, false pseudomonas bacillus liquid, the several 500,000,000/grams of effective active bacterium, 5 kilograms, colloid bacillus cereus liquid, living bacteria count 600,000,000/gram, 200 grams, Wa Enlande vinelandii liquid, living bacteria count 600,000,000/gram, 200 grams.
By above-mentioned feed ratio, material is added in stirrer, fully mix the acquisition mixture; By adding bean cake powder that the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 30:1 in described mixture; Measure water content, and add clear water and adjust water content to 52 % by weight, stirring and evenly mixing, then reach in fermentation vat by transport tape again.Under the effect of multiple beneficial bacterium, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, and make oxygen fully enter material, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 60 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, but temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpass and throw and turn over again, cooling, repeat this operation, until material becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then material is stacked 20 days, fully after slaking, material is tested, packing, warehouse-in, be the described biological organic fertilizer for organic cherry plantation use of this patent, concrete consumption is executed the 300-1200 kilogram according to the growth conditions mu of soil physical chemistry situation and cherry tree.
Embodiment 5
The biological organic fertilizer of a kind of organic watermelons special use of this examples produce, the production of biological organic fertilizer is carried out in airtight biological fermentation tower.The concrete production technique of biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
Get and be ground into 700 kilograms of the Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slags (dry weight) that diameter is less than 1 centimetre, wheat bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 10 kilograms, rice bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 50 kilograms, sucrose, 10 kilograms, the inorganic mineral of other natural origin, ground phosphate rock, fineness is less than 50 orders, wherein phosphorus pentoxide content 15%, 60 kilograms, the potassium breeze, fineness is less than 50 orders, wherein potassium oxide content 10%, 50 kilograms, plant ash, wherein potassium oxide content 5%, 50 kilograms, borax, 20 kilograms, magnesium slag, fineness is less than 50 orders, 50 kilograms, Wingdale, fineness is less than 50 orders, 40 kilograms, get the probiotics of following classification, subtilis, the several 8,000 ten thousand/grams of effective active bacterium, 10 kilograms, pichia spp, living bacteria count 500,000,000/gram, 10 kilograms, healthy and free from worry wood is mould, living bacteria count 200,000,000/gram, 3 kilograms, sickle-like bacteria, living bacteria count 6,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms, colloid bacillus cereus, living bacteria count 200,000,000/gram, 5 kilograms, azotobacter chroococcum, living bacteria count 9,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms.
By above-mentioned feed ratio, material is added in stirrer, fully mix the acquisition mixture; By adding bean cake powder that the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 36:1 in described mixture; Measure water content, and add clear water and adjust water content to 58 % by weight, stirring and evenly mixing, then reach in fermentation vat by transport tape again.Under the effect of multiple beneficial bacterium, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, and make oxygen fully enter material, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 60 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, but temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpass and throw and turn over again, cooling, repeat this operation, until material becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then material is stacked 20 days, fully after slaking, material is tested, packing, warehouse-in, be the described biological organic fertilizer for organic watermelons plantation use of this patent, concrete consumption is executed the 400-1600 kilogram according to the growth conditions mu of soil physical chemistry situation and watermelon.
Embodiment 6
The biological organic fertilizer of a kind of organic wild cabbage special use of this examples produce, the production of biological organic fertilizer is carried out in airtight biological fermentation tower.The concrete production technique of biological organic fertilizer is as follows:
Get and be ground into 750 kilograms of the Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slags (dry weight) that diameter is less than 1 centimetre, wheat bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 50 kilograms, rice bran, cross 5 mm sieve, 30 kilograms, brown sugar, 5 kilograms, sucrose, 5 kilograms, 10 kilograms of glucose, the inorganic mineral of other natural origin, ground phosphate rock, fineness is less than 50 orders, wherein phosphorus pentoxide content is 40%, 30 kilogram, the potassium breeze, fineness is less than 50 orders, and wherein potassium oxide content is 15%, 20 kilogram, 10 kilograms of boraxs, magnesium slag, fineness is less than 50 orders, 20 kilograms, sulphur, fineness is less than 50 orders, 2 kilograms.Get the probiotics of following classification, subtilis, effective active bacterium number is greater than 100,000,000/gram, 10 kilograms, yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, living bacteria count 7,000 ten thousand/grams, 2 kilograms, pichia spp, living bacteria count 500,000,000/gram, 200 grams, viride, living bacteria count 5,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms, the AM VA Mycorrhizal Fungi, living bacteria count is greater than 1,000,000,000/gram, 200 grams, colloid bacillus cereus, living bacteria count 8,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms, the Wa Enlande vinelandii, living bacteria count 5,000 ten thousand/grams, 10 kilograms.
By above-mentioned feed ratio, material is added in stirrer, fully mix the acquisition mixture; By adding bean cake powder that the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 15:1 in described mixture; Measure water content, and add clear water and adjust water content to 55 % by weight, stirring and evenly mixing, then reach in fermentation vat by transport tape again.Under the effect of multiple beneficial bacterium, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, and make oxygen fully enter material, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, until temperature of charge reaches 60 ℃, again material is carried out fully throwing and turning over, cooling, continuation is fermented to material, but temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpass and throw and turn over again, cooling, repeat this operation, until material becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then material is stacked 20 days, fully after slaking, material is tested, packing, warehouse-in, be the described biological organic fertilizer for organic wild cabbage plantation use of this patent, concrete consumption is executed the 500-1500 kilogram according to the growth conditions mu of soil physical chemistry situation and wild cabbage.
Application examples 1
Linfen, Shanxi Province Australia female quantum agricultural science and technology company limited's planting experiment base, fertilizer is selected biological organic fertilizer and the compound organic and inorganic fertilizer (control group, the compound organic and inorganic fertilizer that the fertile industry of Shandong ferbam company limited produces) of the Organic cucumber special use of producing in embodiment 2.The consumption of the biological organic fertilizer of Organic cucumber special use is 800 kg/acres, and the consumption of compound organic and inorganic fertilizer is 100 kg/acres.Use biological organic fertilizer of the present invention can reach the output suitable with chemosynthesis fertilizer, not only improved soil, improved crop quality, output also is guaranteed.
Application examples 2
Linfen, Shanxi Province Australia female quantum agricultural science and technology company limited's planting experiment base, fertilizer is selected biological organic fertilizer and the compound organic and inorganic fertilizer (control group, the compound organic and inorganic fertilizer that the fertile industry of Shandong ferbam company limited produces) of the Organic tomato special use of producing in embodiment 2.The consumption of the biological organic fertilizer of Organic cucumber special use is 400 kg/acres, and the consumption of compound organic and inorganic fertilizer is 120 kg/mu.Use biological organic fertilizer of the present invention can reach the output suitable with chemosynthesis fertilizer, not only improved soil, improved crop quality, output also is guaranteed.
Above embodiment is only exemplary embodiment of the present invention, is not used in restriction the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention is defined by the claims.Those skilled in the art can make various modifications or be equal to replacement the present invention in essence of the present invention and protection domain, this modification or be equal to replacement and also should be considered as dropping in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the preparation method of a biological organic fertilizer is characterized in that said method comprising the steps of:
Step 1, fully mix the acquisition mixture by fermentation raw material and organism of fermentation, by add plant or animal protein in described mixture, the C:N of described mixture ratio is controlled to 15~40:1, and water content is adjusted to 50~60 % by weight;
Step 2, carry out fermentative processing to mixture, obtains biological organic fertilizer after fermentation;
Described fermentation raw material comprises: dry Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag 700~800 weight parts, wheat bran 10~50 weight parts, rice bran 10~50 weight parts, brown sugar 0~10 weight part, sucrose 0~10 weight part, glucose 0~10 weight part, the inorganic mineral of other natural origin: ground phosphate rock 30~60 weight parts, potassium breeze 20~50 weight parts, plant ash 0~50 weight part, borax 0~20 weight part, magnesium slag 0~50 weight part, sulphur 0~30 weight part, gypsum or Wingdale 0~40 weight part;
Described organism of fermentation comprises: living bacteria count is greater than subtilis 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than yeast 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than Trichoderma 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than phosphorus decomposing function yeast 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than potassium decomposing function yeast 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams; Living bacteria count is greater than vinelandii 0.2~10 weight part of 5,000 ten thousand/grams.
2. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, step 2, mixture is carried out to fermentative processing, the detailed process that obtains biological organic fertilizer after fermentation is: in fermenting container, mixture heats up rapidly, when temperature reaches 50 ℃, mixture is carried out fully throwing and turning over, make oxygen fully enter mixture; Continuation is fermented to mixture, until temperature of charge reaches 55 ℃, material is carried out fully throwing and turning over; Continuation is fermented to mixture, until the mixture temperature reaches 60 ℃, again mixture is carried out fully throwing and turning over;
Continuation is fermented to mixture, and temperature does not exceed 55 ℃, surpasses and throws and turn over again, cooling, repeat mixture and fermented, throw and turn over operation, until mixture becomes thoroughly decomposed, temperature is no more than 45 ℃, then mixture is stacked 15~30 days, fully after slaking, obtained biological organic fertilizer.
3. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described dry Pleurotus eryngii bacterium slag diameter is less than 1 centimetre, and described wheat bran and described rice bran are all crossed 5 mm sieve.The fineness of described ground phosphate rock is less than 50 orders, and wherein phosphorus pentoxide content is the 15-40 % by weight.
4. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the fineness of described potassium breeze is less than 50 orders, and in the potassium breeze, potassium oxide content is greater than 10 % by weight; In described plant ash, potassium oxide content is greater than 5%.
5. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, the fineness of described magnesium slag, sulphur is less than 50 orders, and the fineness of described gypsum or Wingdale is less than 50 orders.
6. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described yeast is one or both in yeast saccharomyces cerevisiae, pichia spp.
7. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described Trichoderma is viride, Trichodermareesei and mould wherein one or more of healthy and free from worry wood.
8. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described phosphorus decomposing function yeast is one or more in bacillus megaterium, false pseudomonas bacillus, edaphic bacillus, aspergillus tubigensis, sickle-like bacteria and AM VA Mycorrhizal Fungi.
9. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described potassium decomposing function yeast is colloid bacillus cereus.
10. the preparation method of biological organic fertilizer according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that, described vinelandii are one or both in azotobacter chroococcum and Wa Enlande vinelandii.
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CN104086245A (en) * 2014-06-27 2014-10-08 胡红辉 Preparation method of biological organic fertilizer
CN104145629A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-11-19 芜湖诚德农业科技有限公司 Method for planting tulips through organic fertilizer formed through biological fermentation
CN104177133A (en) * 2014-09-18 2014-12-03 中山市巴斯德农业科技有限公司 Technique for manufacturing active phosphorus organic fertilizer from pig manure
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