CN103416292B - Domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine - Google Patents

Domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103416292B
CN103416292B CN201310412053.XA CN201310412053A CN103416292B CN 103416292 B CN103416292 B CN 103416292B CN 201310412053 A CN201310412053 A CN 201310412053A CN 103416292 B CN103416292 B CN 103416292B
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China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
pallet
plantation
nutrient solution
environmental control
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CN201310412053.XA
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CN103416292A (en
Inventor
王爱武
汪蕾
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WUXI IGROWTHS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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王爱武
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Priority to CN201310412053.XA priority Critical patent/CN103416292B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • A01G31/02Special apparatus therefor
    • A01G31/06Hydroponic culture on racks or in stacked containers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention relates to a domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine. The domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine comprises a machine box. A planting tray which is used for plantation of vegetables and enabling the vegetables to grow is arranged in the machine box. A nutrient solution conveying and adjusting system which is used for adjusting and controlling a nutrient solution in the planting tray, an environment control system which is used for adjusting the growing environment in the machine box, and an environmental state detection device which is used for detecting the environmental state in the machine box are further arranged in the machine box. The input end of the environment control system is connected with the environmental state detection device, the output end of the environment control system is connected with the nutrient solution conveying and adjusting system, the environment control system adjusts and controls the environmental state of the planted vegetables in the machine box according to the environmental state detected by the environmental state detection device, and the nutrient solution in the planting tray is adjusted through the nutrient solution conveying and adjusting system so that the requirement for planting the vegetables inside a house can be met. The domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine is compact in structure, convenient to use, capable of meeting the requirement for planting the vegetables inside the house, wide in application range, low in cost, safe and reliable.

Description

Domestic full-automatic vegetable planter
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of plantation equipment, especially a kind of domestic full-automatic vegetable planter, belongs to the technical field of intelligent appliance.
Background technology
At present, along with food security accident take place frequently and green vegetable high concentration agricultural chemical is residual, heavy metals exceeding standard and nitrite problem day by day serious, increasing people starts the plantation of family health care vegetables, to meet the needs of Domestic dining table to green health vegetables, but because planting technology is limited with plantation space environment, all just rest on balcony planting and indoor pot stage, the for want of professional knowledge of vegetable growth habit, so most people's quality of vegetable of planting out and output all do not reach desirable effect.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of domestic full-automatic vegetable planter, its compact conformation, easy to use, can meet the requirement of family's planting vegetables indoors, wide accommodation, cost is low, safe and reliable.
According to technical scheme provided by the invention, described domestic full-automatic vegetable planter, comprises cabinet; The plantation pallet being used for growing vegetables and growth is set in described cabinet, the nutrient solution conveying regulating system for carrying out regulable control to the nutrient solution in plantation pallet is also set in cabinet, for regulating the environmental control system of growing environment in cabinet and the ambient condition checkout equipment for detecting cabinet environment state; The input of environmental control system is connected with ambient condition checkout equipment, output and the nutrient solution of environmental control system carry regulating system to be connected, environmental control system environmentally condition detecting device detect ambient condition, regulate and control the ambient condition of planting vegetable in cabinet, and by nutrient solution conveying regulating system, nutrient solution in plantation pallet is regulated, to meet the growth demand of planting vegetable.
Described cabinet is provided with plantation chamber door, and described plantation chamber door is provided with door handle;
Coordinate between described cabinet with plantation chamber door and form vertical, the multi-door cabinet type or sliding door type of lying on one's side of simple gate;
In described cabinet, at least two-layer plantation pallet is set.
Described environmental control system comprises the control casing being positioned at cabinet, ventilating fan, Inner eycle fan, air intake fan and environmental control is provided with in described control casing, environmental control is fanned with ventilating fan, Inner eycle fan and air intake and is electrically connected, and environmental control is also gone forward with control casing, the control panel on top, face is electrically connected;
Be provided with the loudspeaker for playing sound in cabinet in described control casing, described loudspeaker is electrically connected with environmental control; Control casing and be provided with dust-proof shutter.
Described ambient condition checkout equipment comprise temperature sensor for detecting temperature in chassis, for detect cabinet humidity humidity sensor, for detecting the optical sensor of intensity of illumination in cabinet and the carbon dioxide sensor for detecting carbon dioxide content in cabinet.
Described plantation pallet comprises pallet housing and is positioned at the pallet Planting board of described pallet housing internal upper part, and nutrient solution containing tank is formed on the bottom of described pallet Planting board and pallet housing; Pallet Planting board is provided with some implantation hole allowing plantation shell to set, and arranges and be used for planting cotton to first kind that seed and vegetables body position in described plantation shell.
Sidewall in described pallet housing is convexly equipped with support positioning plates, and pallet Planting board passes through support positioning plates placement positioning in pallet housing;
Be provided with nutrient solution filler, nutrient solution overfall and discard solution discharge port in described pallet housing, be provided with pallet liquid level sensor in pallet housing, described pallet liquid level sensor is electrically connected with environmental control system.
The housing section of described plantation shell is cylindrical, and one end end edge of plantation shell is provided with supporting and location circle; Form plantation cavity in plantation shell, plantation shell is provided with some air-vents; Described first kind plant cotton upper in be provided with through described first kind and plant the first cotton sowing otch.
Described plantation pallet comprises pallet housing and is positioned at the plantation bracket of described pallet housing internal upper part, and described plantation bracket is installed in pallet housing by the bracket support plate in pallet inner walls; Described plantation bracket is provided with second kind and plants cotton, plants cotton and is provided with some through described second kind and plants the second cotton sowing otch for described second kind.
Described environmental control system also comprises the evaporator and condenser that are positioned at cabinet inwall, and described evaporator and condenser are connected with the compressor of bottom in cabinet, and described compressor is electrically connected with environmental control.
Described nutrient solution conveying regulating system comprises the standing reservoir case and exhausted bath box that are positioned at cabinet bottom, the liquid outlet of standing reservoir case is provided with control valve and infusion pump, the port of export of described control valve is provided with liquid-feeding tube, and described liquid-feeding tube is connected with the nutrient solution filler on plantation pallet; In cabinet, the nutrient solution overfall of plantation pallet is interconnected by overflow pipe, and overflow pipe is connected with exhausted bath box by overflow circulating valve, and in cabinet, the discard solution discharge port of plantation pallet is interconnected by discharging tube, and discharging tube is connected with exhausted bath box by waist valve; Waist valve, overflow circulating valve, infusion pump and control valve are electrically connected with environmental control system.
Be provided with storage bin liquid level sensor in described standing reservoir case, be provided with exhausted bath box liquid level sensor in exhausted bath box, described exhausted bath box liquid level sensor and storage bin liquid level sensor are electrically connected with environmental control system;
Be provided with fog-spray nozzle above the side of described cabinet interior plantation pallet, described fog-spray nozzle is positioned on sparge pipe, and sparge pipe is connected with the port of export of control valve.
Be provided with LED plant growth lamp directly over plantation pallet in described cabinet, described LED plant growth lamp is electrically connected with environmental control system.
Described LED plant growth lamp comprises pedestal and is positioned at blue chip, green glow chip and the red light chips on described pedestal, and described blue chip, green glow chip and red light chips respectively corresponding positive electrode outer to pedestal, negative electrode are electrically connected; The wavelength that described red light chips sends ruddiness is 610nm ~ 720nm, and the wavelength that green glow chip sends green glow is 520nm ~ 610nm, and the wavelength that blue chip sends blue light is 400 ~ 520nm; The light of described blue chip, green glow chip and red light chips work can synthesize the white light needed for plant growth.
Be provided with uviol lamp in described cabinet, described uviol lamp is electrically connected with environmental control system.
Described environmental control system comprises communication interface, and is connected with remote monitor or intelligent handheld device by described communication interface.
Advantage of the present invention: cross integrated plantation pallet, LED plant growth lamp, nutrient solution conveying regulating system, ambient condition checkout equipment and environmental control system in cabinet, thus form brand-new vegetables automatic planting life household electrical appliances, the full-automatic planter integrated technology of vegetables of innovation; Environmental control in environmental control system realizes intelligent networking by communication interface, and meet the user that leaves home carries out long-distance intelligent perception and monitoring in real time needs to machine, smart mobile phone SMS notification technology, allows user know the alarm condition of machine in time.Environmental control system coordinates with LED plant growth lamp, meet the illumination needed for vegetable growth and photosynthesis, nutrient solution conveying regulating system solves liquid manure key element the most complicated in growing vegetables process and controls, realize stable output, air can be supplemented in time, guarantee the demand to carbon dioxide and oxygen in vegetable growth process.
Plantation pallet is suitable for the growth of vegetables, convenient for installation and maintenance.In cabinet 1, uviol lamp is set, uviol lamp is connected with environmental control, no matter be install separately or integrate with illuminating lamp, all there is good sterilizing effect, user is without the need to grasping more arviculture professional knowledge, easy to be easy-to-use, easily popularize, meet the different demands of common personage and professional growing vegetables personage and interest personage simultaneously.
Heat up in cabinet and to be completed by compressor (piston type, screw, centrifugal) system, than intensification means efficient energy-savings such as heating wire, electric hot plate, PTC, safer.Adiabatic foamed heat insulating sheet material is set in cabinet 1, heat insulation effect is excellent, environmental protection more, energy-conservation, cultivation in case, avoid growing and diffusion of atmospheric pollution and damage by disease and insect, clean, healthy, pollution-free, pure soilless culture can be realized, ensure clean and tidy in family, salubrious, compact conformation, wide accommodation, cost is low, safe and reliable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is cabinet of the present invention is the structural representation of single-door with plantation chamber door.
Fig. 2 is cabinet of the present invention is the structural representation of Double door type with plantation chamber door.
Fig. 3 is cabinet of the present invention is multi-door cabinet type structural representation with plantation chamber door.
Fig. 4 is cabinet of the present invention and the structural representation of plantation chamber door in sliding door type of lying on one's side.
Fig. 5 is cabinet of the present invention and the structural representation of plantation chamber door in Double door type of lying on one's side.
Fig. 6 is the schematic internal view of cabinet of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the cutaway view of cabinet of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation arranging evaporator, condenser in cabinet of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the interior schematic diagram that the present invention controls casing.
Figure 10 is the cross section that the present invention plants in pallet.
Figure 11 is the decomposing schematic representation that the present invention plants pallet.
Figure 12 is the enlarged drawing of A in Figure 11.
Figure 13 is that the present invention first kind plants cotton structural representation.
Figure 14 is the structural representation that the present invention plants shell.
Figure 15 is the another kind enforcement schematic diagram that the present invention plants pallet.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the rectangular shape of LED plant growth lamp of the present invention.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of LED plant growth lamp of the present invention shape ringwise.
The structural representation of Figure 18 to be LED plant growth lamp of the present invention be bar shaped.
Figure 19 is the schematic diagram of nutrient solution of the present invention conveying regulating system.
Figure 20 is the vertical view of Figure 21.
Figure 21 is the encapsulation schematic diagram of LED plant growth lamp of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the wavelength schematic diagram of ruddiness of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the wavelength schematic diagram of green glow of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the wavelength schematic diagram of blue light of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals: 1-cabinet, 2-kind plants chamber door, 3-door handle, 4-controls casing, 5-control panel, 6-loudspeaker, 7-Inner eycle fan, 8-LED plant growth lamp, 9-kind plants pallet, 10-temperature sensor, 11-humidity sensor, 12-optical sensor, 13-carbon dioxide sensor, 14-nutrient solution conveying regulating system, the dust-proof shutter of 15-, 16-ventilating fan, 17-air intake is fanned, 18-fog-spray nozzle, 19-nutrient solution overfall, 20-sparge pipe, 21-overflow pipe, 22-discard solution discharge port, 23-discharging tube, 24-exhausted bath box, 25-exhausted bath box liquid level sensor, 26-waist valve, 27-overflow circulating valve, 28-infusion pump, 29-compressor, 30-control valve, 31-liquid-feeding tube, 32-nutrient solution filler, 33-control valve feed tube, 34-evaporator, 35-condenser, 36-environmental control, 37-pallet housing, 38-support positioning plates, 39-pallet Planting board, 40-kind plants shell, 41-first kind plants cotton, 42-vegetables body, 43-implantation hole, 44-pallet liquid level sensor, 45-first sows otch, 46-air-vent, 47-supporting and location circle, 48-kind plants cavity, 49-pedestal, 50-first positive electrode, 51-second positive electrode, 52-the 3rd positive electrode, 53-first negative electrode, 54-second negative electrode, 55-the 3rd negative electrode, 56-blue chip, 57-green glow chip, 58-red light chips, 59-nutrient solution containing tank, 60-elbow bend, 61-spray valve, 62-kind plants bracket, 63-second kind plants cotton, 64-second sows otch and 65-bracket support plate.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with concrete drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7: in order to family planting vegetables can be adapted to, the present invention includes cabinet 1; In described cabinet 1, the plantation pallet 9 being used for growing vegetables and growth is set, the nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14 for carrying out regulable control to the nutrient solution in plantation pallet 9 is also set in cabinet 1, for regulating the environmental control system of growing environment in cabinet 1 and the ambient condition checkout equipment for detecting cabinet 1 environment state; The input of environmental control system is connected with ambient condition checkout equipment, output and the nutrient solution of environmental control system carry regulating system 14 to be connected, environmental control system environmentally condition detecting device detect ambient condition, regulate and control the ambient condition of planting vegetable in cabinet 1, and by nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14, nutrient solution in plantation pallet 9 is regulated, to meet the growth demand of planting vegetable.
Particularly, described cabinet 1 is provided with plantation chamber door 2, and described plantation chamber door 2 is provided with door handle 3, can carry out required operation easily by door handle 3 to plantation chamber door 2.Coordinates and form vertical, the multi-door cabinet type or sliding door type of lying on one's side of simple gate between described cabinet 1 with plantation chamber door 2, distinguish as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5.Coordinate between cabinet 1 from plantation chamber door 2 and form different shapes or pattern, the requirement of different domestic environment can be met.Generally arrange environmental type foaming in cabinet 1, so that insulation is with adiabatic, the inwall of cabinet 1 arranges white environment-friendly materials, and the outside of cabinet 1 adopts color steel or 304 corrosion resistant plates, makes cabinet 1 have good rigidity.Plantation chamber door 2 adopts double thermal insulation safety glass, adiabatic magnetic door seal, so that observe growing state and the adiabatic heat-insulation of vegetables body 42.Further, can also be provided with gate inhibition's switch in cabinet 1, when planting chamber door 2 and opening, whole environmental control system, nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14 can be in guard mode.
As shown in Figure 9: described environmental control system comprises the control casing 4 being positioned at cabinet 1, ventilating fan 16, Inner eycle fan 7, air intake fan 17 and environmental control 36 is provided with in described control casing 4, environmental control 36 is fanned 17 with ventilating fan 16, Inner eycle fan 7 and air intake and is electrically connected, and environmental control 36 is also electrically connected with the control panel 5 controlling front upper on casing 4.Described control casing 4 and the mating shapes of cabinet 1, according to the shape of cabinet 1, control top or sidepiece that casing 4 can be positioned at cabinet 1.
Be provided with the loudspeaker 6 for playing sound in cabinet 1 in described control casing 4, described loudspeaker 6 is electrically connected with environmental control 36; Control casing 4 and be provided with dust-proof shutter 15.Described Inner eycle fan 7 stretches in cabinet 1, for carrying out Inner eycle to the air in cabinet 1 from control casing 4.Air in cabinet 1 can be discharged outside cabinet 1 by ventilating fan 16, the fresh air of outside can be introduced in cabinet 1 by air intake fan 17, dust-proof shutter 15 is positioned at the rear wall controlling casing 4, can be realized the Efficient Cycle of cabinet 1 and extraneous air by dust-proof shutter 15.Environmental control 36 comprises circuit board and is positioned at the process chip on described circuit board, the micro-chip processor that described process chip can adopt single-chip microcomputer etc. to commonly use.Environmental control 36 can control the duty of ventilating fan 16, Inner eycle fan 7, air intake fan 17 and loudspeaker 6, for regulating the ambient condition in cabinet 1.Further, in environmental control 36, music is set, carries out music by loudspeaker 6, so that the growth efficiency of vegetables in cabinet 1 can be improved; Meanwhile, environmental control 36 can also export audio alert information by loudspeaker 6.In the embodiment of the present invention, can the running parameter of set environment controller 36 by control panel 5, make the ambient condition in cabinet 1 can meet the growing environment requirement of different vegetable.
Described ambient condition checkout equipment comprise temperature sensor 10 for detecting temperature in cabinet 1, for detect cabinet 1 humidity humidity sensor 11, for detecting the optical sensor 12 of intensity of illumination in cabinet 1 and the carbon dioxide sensor 13 for detecting carbon dioxide content in cabinet 1.In the embodiment of the present invention, in cabinet 1, can also oxygen sensor be set, oxygen sensor, temperature sensor 10, humidity sensor 11, optical sensor 12 and carbon dioxide sensor 13 are all electrically connected with environmental control 36, environmental control 36 detects the ambient condition in cabinet 1 by above-mentioned environment measuring equipment, and effectively regulated by equipment such as said fans, realize the requirement of full-automatic plantation, improve automaticity.
As shown in Figure 8: described environmental control system also comprises the evaporator 34 and condenser 35 that are positioned at cabinet 1 inwall, described evaporator 34 and condenser 35 are connected by pipeline with the compressor 29 of bottom in cabinet 1, and described compressor 29 is electrically connected with environmental control 36.Compressor 29 and evaporator 34, condenser 35 formation temperature controller, the startup of the regulation of circumstance status compressor 29 that environmental control 36 can detect according to cabinet 1 environment checkout equipment or closedown, when compressor 29 starts or cuts out, the adjustment to temperature in cabinet 1 can be realized, bring required constant temperature and humidity growing environment can to the growth of vegetables.Further, the sidewall of described cabinet 1 is provided with uviol lamp, and described uviol lamp is electrically connected with environmental control system.Uviol lamp is electrically connected with the environmental control 36 in environmental control system; when needs are to when carrying out sterilizing in cabinet 1; environmental control 36 starts uviol lamp, is guaranteed the reliability of vegetable growth in cabinet 1 by the sterilizing of uviol lamp, avoids being brought pollution by bacterium.
In order to vegetables growth better in cabinet 1 can be made, be convenient to plantation simultaneously and pluck, in described cabinet 1, at least two-layer plantation pallet 9 is set, in the embodiment of the present invention, 2 ~ 10 layers of plantation pallet 9 are set in cabinet 1.Plantation pallet 9 adopts white environment-friendly materials or colourless transparent material to make, and is beneficial to the transmission of light, reflection and refraction, improves light efficiency.As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13 and Figure 14: as described in plantation pallet 9 comprise pallet housing 37 and the pallet Planting board 39 of pallet housing 37 internal upper part as described in being positioned at, described pallet Planting board 39 forms nutrient solution containing tank 59 with the bottom of pallet housing 37; Pallet Planting board 39 is provided with some implantation hole 43 allowing plantation shell 40 to set, and in described plantation shell 40, setting is used for planting cotton 41 to first kind that vegetables body 42 positions.
Sidewall in described pallet housing 37 is convexly equipped with support positioning plates 38, and pallet Planting board 39 passes through support positioning plates 38 placement positioning in pallet housing 37.Pallet housing 37 structure in the form of slot, pallet Planting board 39 is positioned at the top of pallet housing 37, and the nutrient solution entered in pallet housing 37 is positioned at nutrient solution containing tank 59.
Be provided with nutrient solution filler 32, nutrient solution overfall 19 and discard solution discharge port 22 in described pallet housing 37, be provided with pallet liquid level sensor 44 in pallet housing 37, described pallet liquid level sensor 44 is electrically connected with environmental control system.To the nutrient solution in pallet housing 37 needed for filling, nutrient solution too much in pallet housing 37 can be realized to overflow by nutrient solution overfall 19, no nutrient solution can be discharged by discard solution discharge port 22 by nutrient solution filler 32.Pallet liquid level sensor 44 is connected with environmental control 36, environmental control 36 detects the nutrient solution in nutrient solution containing tank 59 according to pallet liquid level sensor 44, when the nutrient solution in nutrient solution containing tank 59 is lower than set depth, environmental control 36 is infused by infusion pump 28, when the nutrient solution in nutrient solution containing tank 59 is higher than set depth, environmental control 36 opens overflow circulating valve 27 or unnecessary nutrient solution flows in exhausted bath box 24 by waist valve 26.
The housing section of described plantation shell 40 is cylindrical, and one end end edge of plantation shell 40 is provided with supporting and location circle 47; Form plantation cavity 48 in plantation shell 40, plantation shell 40 is provided with some air-vents 46, the root system of vegetables body 42 can be allowed to contact with extraneous air by air-vent 46.Described first kind plant on cotton 41 be provided with through described first kind plant cotton 41 the first sowing otch 45, contact with nutrient solution after the rhizome of vegetables body 42 can being made to plant cotton 41 through first kind by the first sowing otch 45, plant cotton 41 when young shoot by first kind and absorb nutrient solution.Seed can be stuck in the inside by first kind of Intermediate Gray cross recess of planting in the middle of cotton 41, does not drop, and because the first sowing otch about 45 is penetrating, upwards grows, also can be applicable to root system and grow downwards so can be applicable to seedling leaf.Air-vent 46 can ensure the ventilatory effect of seed sprouting and growing period rhizome, promotes the growth of vegetables.Planting groove is penetrating equally up and down, and upwards growth and root system grow downwards to be without barrier beneficial to Miao Ye.
As shown in figure 15: the another kind of planting pallet 9 for the present invention implements structure, described plantation pallet 9 comprises pallet housing 37 and is positioned at the plantation bracket 62 of described pallet housing 37 internal upper part, and described plantation bracket 62 is installed in pallet housing 37 by the bracket support plate 65 on pallet housing 37 inwall; Described plantation bracket 62 is provided with second kind and plants cotton 63, described second kind plant cotton be provided with some through described second kind plant cotton 63 the second sowing otch 64.Second sowing otch 64 is similarly cross recess.The plantation that plantation bracket 62 arranges a monoblock is cotton, is second kind and plants cotton 63, and the second sowing otch 64 of being planted on cotton 63 by second kind can realize to seed and vegetables body 42 location in whole process of growth, plantation.For placing nutrient solution in pallet housing 37.
Further, be provided with nutrient solution filler 32, nutrient solution overfall 19 and discard solution discharge port 22 equally, be provided with pallet liquid level sensor 44 in pallet housing 37 in described pallet housing 37, described pallet liquid level sensor 44 is electrically connected with environmental control system.
As shown in figure 19: described nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14 comprises the standing reservoir case 66 and exhausted bath box 24 that are positioned at cabinet 1 bottom, the liquid outlet of standing reservoir case 66 is provided with control valve 30 and infusion pump 28, the port of export of described control valve 30 is provided with liquid-feeding tube 31, and described liquid-feeding tube 31 is connected with the nutrient solution filler 32 on plantation pallet 9; In cabinet 1, the nutrient solution overfall 19 of plantation pallet 9 is interconnected by overflow pipe 21, overflow pipe 21 is connected with exhausted bath box 24 by overflow circulating valve 27, in cabinet 1, the discard solution discharge port 22 of plantation pallet 9 is interconnected by discharging tube 23, and discharging tube 23 is connected with exhausted bath box 24 by waist valve 26; Waist valve 26, overflow circulating valve 27, infusion pump 28 and control valve 30 are electrically connected with environmental control system.The entrance point of control valve 30 is connected with standing reservoir case 66 by control valve feed tube 33.In the embodiment of the present invention, liquid-feeding tube 31 is connected with nutrient solution filler 32 by elbow bend 60, and discharging tube 23 is connected with discard solution discharge port 22 by elbow bend 60, and overflow pipe 1 is connected with nutrient solution overfall 19 by elbow bend 60.In the embodiment of the present invention, by overflow pipe 21, each plantation pallet 9 is serially connected in cabinet 1, namely during overflow, enters in next plantation pallet 9 after the nutrient solution overflow in uppermost plantation pallet 9, the like, until flow in exhausted bath box 24.
Be provided with storage bin liquid level sensor 67 in described standing reservoir case 66, be provided with exhausted bath box liquid level sensor 25 in exhausted bath box 24, described exhausted bath box liquid level sensor 25 and storage bin liquid level sensor 67 are electrically connected with environmental control system.In the embodiment of the present invention, waist valve 26, overflow circulating valve 27, infusion pump 28, control valve 30, storage bin liquid level sensor 67, exhausted bath box liquid level sensor 25 are all electrically connected with environmental control 36, environmental control 36 controls unlatching or the closedown of waist valve 26, overflow circulating valve 27, infusion pump 28 and control valve 30, environmental control 36 controls the work of above-mentioned performer according to storage bin liquid level sensor 67, exhausted bath box liquid level sensor 25 and pallet liquid level sensor 44, realizes the conveying to nutrient solution in plantation pallet 9 and adjustment.The present invention carries regulating system 14 can realize, to the soilless culture of vegetables body 42, realizing green planting by plantation pallet 9 with nutrient solution.
Further, be provided with fog-spray nozzle 18 above the side of the interior plantation pallet 9 of described cabinet 1, described fog-spray nozzle 18 is positioned on sparge pipe 20, and sparge pipe 20 is connected with the port of export of control valve 30; Sparge pipe 20 can also arrange liquid injection valve 61, controlled the ejection liquid of fog-spray nozzle 18 by liquid injection valve 61.In the embodiment of the present invention, fog-spray nozzle 18 is positioned at above the side of each plantation pallet 9, nutrient solution can be sprayed on the blade face of vegetables body 42 by fog-spray nozzle 18.The nutrient solution sprayed by the nutrient solution in plantation pallet 9 and fog-spray nozzle 18 can realize the nutrient delivery of various ways to vegetables body 42.
In order to meet the light requirement that in plantation pallet 9, vegetables body 42 grows, be provided with LED plant growth lamp 8 directly over plantation pallet 9 in described cabinet 1, described LED plant growth lamp 8 is electrically connected with environmental control system.Described LED plant growth lamp 8 is positioned at the bottom of plantation pallet 9.When planting in cabinet 1 in pallet 9 contiguous control casing 4, described LED plant growth lamp 8 is positioned at the bottom controlling casing 4.In the embodiment of the present invention, LED plant growth lamp 8 can realize isolating with the nutrient solution of planting bottom pallet 9 and insulation, guarantees that LED plant growth lamp 8 uses safe and reliable.
As shown in Figure 20, Figure 21, Figure 22, Figure 23 and Figure 24: as described in LED plant growth lamp 8 comprise pedestal 49 and blue chip 56, green glow chip 57 and red light chips 58 on pedestal 49 as described in being positioned at, described blue chip 56, green glow chip 57 and red light chips 58 respectively corresponding positive electrode outer to pedestal 49, negative electrode are electrically connected; The wavelength that described red light chips 58 sends ruddiness is 610nm ~ 720nm, and the wavelength that green glow chip 57 sends green glow is 520nm ~ 610nm, and the wavelength that blue chip 56 sends blue light is 400 ~ 520nm; The light of described blue chip 56, green glow chip 57 and red light chips 58 work can synthesize the white light needed for plant growth.In the embodiment of the present invention, positive electrode comprises the first positive electrode 50, second positive electrode 51 and the 3rd positive electrode 52, negative electrode comprises the first negative electrode 53, second negative electrode 54 and the 3rd negative electrode 55, blue chip 56, green glow chip 57 and red light chips 58 and positive electrode, negative electrode connect one to one, and realize the powered operation requirement to blue chip 56, green glow chip 57 and red light chips 58.Produce the light of respective wavelength when blue chip 56, green glow chip 57 and red light chips 58 work, described light energy synthesize white light, and the light needs of plant growth can be met.
Compared with the plant growth lamp of existing ruddiness, blue light or green glow, in the embodiment of the present invention, the white light of LED plant growth lamp 8 can allow eye comfortable, can promote the growth of plant, and existing plant growth lamp can be avoided again the visual impact in human eye morning and harmful effect.LED plant growth lamp 8 be rectangular, ring-shaped or strip in the bottom of plantation pallet 9, as shown in Figure 16, Figure 17 and Figure 18: LED plant growth lamp 8 can set as required planting the shape in pallet 9.
In order to realize remote monitoring and operation, in the embodiment of the present invention, described environmental control system comprises communication interface, and is connected with remote monitor or intelligent handheld device by described communication interface.Described communication interface comprises Ethernet, USB(Universal Serial Bus), GPRS(General Packet Radio Service) communication interface or other wave points.Described intelligent handheld device comprises smart mobile phone, panel computer or other conventional intelligent hand-held terminals, conveniently carries out long-range receives information and information processing.
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ Figure 24: during use, after powering up, namely acquiescence enters automatic control program, the temp. and humidity of cabinet 1 is detected by the temperature sensor 10 in cabinet 1 and humidity sensor 11, environmental control 36 also starts infusion pump 28, control valve 30 and compressor 29, by the Temperature and Humidity Control of cabinet 1 in optimum state.
Meanwhile, environmental control 36 starts illumination system, and LED plant growth lamp 8 is worked, and by the monitoring of optical sensor 12, according to the growth characteristics of vegetables, regulates LED lamplight, by intensity of illumination and wavelength control in perfect condition.
In the whole vegetable growth cycle, by the built-in carbon dioxide sensor 13 of cabinet 1, carbon dioxide content in monitoring implant system, control the duty of ventilating fan 16, Inner eycle fan 7 and the air intake fan 17 in casing 1, keep the air circulation in implant system, to supplement the carbonic acid gas needed for vegetables photosynthesis in time.
After sowing or nursery, environmental control 36 controls nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14, regularly opens infusion pump 28 and control valve 30, injects nutrient solution, by the monitoring of pallet liquid level sensor 44, nutrient solution is remained on required height in plantation pallet 9.In the embodiment of the present invention, environmental control 36 and nutrient solution carry regulating system 14 to coordinate to be formed nutrient solution single to utilize and automatic cycle utilizes two kinds of patterns, is generally defaulted as automatic cycle Land use models.When user has requirements at the higher level to the freshness of nutrient solution and fertile degree, nutrient solution single Land use models can be selected, so also can reduce the absorption of vegetables to nitrite simultaneously.Wherein, described nutrient solution single utilizes and refers to and once to plant or after a period of time, changed by nutrient solution in all plantation pallets 9, described automatic cycle utilizes and refers in planting process or in a period of time, is circulated by the nutrient solution in each plantation pallet 9.
Following two kinds of modes can be adopted to change for the nutrient solution in plantation pallet 9, one opens infusion pump 28 negative function, by clean for the nutrient solution suction at plantation pallet 9 end, after the expired nutrient solution in standing reservoir case 66 is all changed, open infusion pump 28 positive function again, fresh nutrient solution is refilled plantation pallet 9.Another kind is, regularly opens waist valve 26, and open nutrient solution and change function, reminding user all will be changed by overdue nutrient solution, to guarantee the quality of vegetables.
Environmental control 36 regularly can open spraying function, is sprayed by nutrient solution by control valve 30 and spray valve 61 with mist, and one for regulating the air humidity in implant system, and two come to add foliage fertilizer to the vegetables in growth.While vegetables body 42 grows, environmental control 36 plays music by loudspeaker 6, to promote growing up healthy and sound of vegetables body 42.
The present invention is when user selects to make environmental control 6 enter fully automatic mode by control panel 5, only need prepare nutrient solution according to the matched proportion density of regulation, sow seed, put into cabinet 1, environmental control 6 will enter full intelligent control program, coordinated by ambient condition checkout equipment and nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14, realize vegetables body 42 and grow between picking time from nursery, do not need user to pay close attention to constantly.When user selects artificial mode, need by control panel 5, oneself design temperature, humidity, illumination, ventilate, water, the parameter of the key element such as fertilising, and regularly administer and maintain the vegetables in process of growth.
Environmental control 36 can pass through communication interface, and realize the connection with Ethernet, user can pass through wired and wireless network, utilizes mobile phone and computer, carries out telemonitoring and control to machine.
Exhausted bath box 24 is built with exhausted bath box liquid level sensor 25, and when liquid level arrives certain altitude, the cue of environmental control 36 output alarm, reminding user changes nutrient solution in time.Standing reservoir case 66 is built with storage bin liquid level sensor 67, and when nutrient solution is lower than certain altitude, environmental control 36 passes through the cue of loudspeaker 6 output alarm, the timely Additional nutrient solution of reminding user.
After use a period of time, environmental control 36 will open uviol lamp automatically, opens sterilization and sterilizing function, avoids bacterium and virus to grow breeding in implant system.
The present invention is by integrated plantation pallet 9 in cabinet 1, LED plant growth lamp 8, nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14, ambient condition checkout equipment and environmental control system, thus form brand-new vegetables automatic planting life household electrical appliances, the full-automatic planter integrated technology of vegetables of innovation; Environmental control 36 in environmental control system realizes intelligent networking by communication interface, and meet the user that leaves home carries out long-distance intelligent perception and monitoring in real time needs to machine, smart mobile phone SMS notification technology, allows user know the alarm condition of machine in time.Environmental control system coordinates with LED plant growth lamp 8, meet the illumination needed for vegetable growth and photosynthesis, nutrient solution conveying regulating system 14 solves liquid manure key element the most complicated in growing vegetables process and controls, realize stable output, air can be supplemented in time, guarantee the demand to carbon dioxide and oxygen in vegetable growth process.
Plantation pallet 9 is suitable for the growth of vegetables, convenient for installation and maintenance.In cabinet 1, uviol lamp is set, uviol lamp is connected with environmental control 36, no matter be install separately or integrate with illuminating lamp, all there is good sterilizing effect, user is without the need to grasping more arviculture professional knowledge, easy to be easy-to-use, easily popularize, meet the different demands of common personage and professional growing vegetables personage and interest personage simultaneously.
Heat up in cabinet 1 and to be completed by compressor (piston type, screw, centrifugal) system, than intensification means efficient energy-savings such as heating wire, electric hot plate, PTC, safer.Adiabatic foamed heat insulating sheet material is set in cabinet 1, heat insulation effect is excellent, environmental protection more, energy-conservation, cultivation in case, avoid growing and diffusion of atmospheric pollution and damage by disease and insect, clean, healthy, pollution-free, pure soilless culture can be realized, ensure clean and tidy in family, salubrious, be applicable to family's growing vegetables, hotel eatery growing vegetables, enterprises and institutions' dining room growing vegetables, plantation is viewed and admired by office of enterprises and institutions, foreign-going ship growing vegetables peculiar to vessel, Island, edge growing vegetables, plateau snow mountain area growing vegetables, the severe regional growing vegetables of other climatic environments.

Claims (10)

1. a domestic full-automatic vegetable planter, comprises cabinet (1); It is characterized in that: the plantation pallet (9) being used for growing vegetables and growth is set in described cabinet (1), nutrient solution conveying regulating system (14) for carrying out regulable control to the nutrient solution in plantation pallet (9) is also set in cabinet (1), for regulating the environmental control system of cabinet (1) interior growing environment and the ambient condition checkout equipment for detecting cabinet (1) environment state; The input of environmental control system is connected with ambient condition checkout equipment, output and the nutrient solution of environmental control system carry regulating system (14) to be connected, environmental control system environmentally condition detecting device detect ambient condition, regulate and control the ambient condition of cabinet (1) interior planting vegetable, and carry regulating system (14) to regulate plantation pallet (9) interior nutrient solution, to meet the growth demand of planting vegetable by nutrient solution;
Be provided with LED plant growth lamp (8) directly over plantation pallet (9) in described cabinet (1), described LED plant growth lamp (8) is electrically connected with environmental control system; LED plant growth lamp (8) is in rectangular or ring-shaped;
Described LED plant growth lamp (8) comprises pedestal (49) and is positioned at blue chip (56), green glow chip (57) and the red light chips (58) on described pedestal (49), and corresponding positive electrode, negative electrode are electrically connected outward with pedestal (49) respectively for described blue chip (56), green glow chip (57) and red light chips (58); The wavelength that described red light chips (58) sends ruddiness is 610nm ~ 720nm, and the wavelength that green glow chip (57) sends green glow is 520nm ~ 610nm, and the wavelength that blue chip (56) sends blue light is 400 ~ 520nm; The light that described blue chip (56), green glow chip (57) and red light chips (58) work can synthesize the white light needed for plant growth;
Described cabinet (1) is provided with plantation chamber door (2), and described plantation chamber door (2) is provided with door handle (3); Also be provided with environmental control system and nutrient solution conveying regulation and control system (14) when making to plant chamber door (2) unlatching in cabinet (1) and be in gate inhibition's switch of guard mode;
Coordinate between described cabinet (1) with plantation chamber door (2) and form vertical, the multi-door cabinet type or sliding door type of lying on one's side of simple gate;
In described cabinet (1), at least two-layer plantation pallet (9) is set;
Described environmental control system comprises the control casing (4) being positioned at cabinet (1), ventilating fan (16), Inner eycle fan (7), air intake fan (17) and environmental control (36) is provided with in described control casing (4), environmental control (36) is fanned (17) with ventilating fan (16), Inner eycle fan (7) and air intake and is electrically connected, and environmental control (36) is also electrically connected with the control panel (5) controlling the upper front upper of casing (4);
Be provided with the loudspeaker (6) for playing sound in cabinet (1) in described control casing (4), described loudspeaker (6) is electrically connected with environmental control (36); Control casing (4) and be provided with dust-proof shutter (15);
Described ambient condition checkout equipment comprise temperature sensor (10) for detecting cabinet (1) interior temperature, for detect cabinet (1) humidity humidity sensor (11), for detecting the optical sensor (12) of cabinet (1) interior intensity of illumination and the carbon dioxide sensor (13) for detecting cabinet (1) interior carbon dioxide content.
2. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described plantation pallet (9) comprises pallet housing (37) and is positioned at the pallet Planting board (39) of described pallet housing (37) internal upper part, described pallet Planting board (39) forms nutrient solution containing tank (59) with the bottom of pallet housing (37); Pallet Planting board (39) is provided with some implantation hole (43) allowing plantation shell (40) to set, and arranges and be used for planting cotton (41) to first kind that seed and vegetables body (42) position in described plantation shell (40).
3. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the sidewall in described pallet housing (37) is convexly equipped with support positioning plates (38), pallet Planting board (39) by support positioning plates (38) placement positioning in pallet housing (37);
Nutrient solution filler (32), nutrient solution overfall (19) and discard solution discharge port (22) is provided with in described pallet housing (37), be provided with pallet liquid level sensor (44) in pallet housing (37), described pallet liquid level sensor (44) is electrically connected with environmental control system.
4. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the housing section of described plantation shell (40) is cylindrical, and one end end edge of plantation shell (40) is provided with supporting and location circle (47); Form plantation cavity (48) in plantation shell (40), plantation shell (40) is provided with some air-vents (46); Described first kind plant cotton (41) upper in be provided with through described first kind of first sowing otch (45) of planting cotton (41); Described first sowing otch (45) is cross recess.
5. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described plantation pallet (9) comprises pallet housing (37) and is positioned at the plantation bracket (62) of described pallet housing (37) internal upper part, and described plantation bracket (62) is installed in pallet housing (37) by the bracket support plate (65) on pallet housing (37) inwall; Described plantation bracket (62) is provided with second kind and plants cotton (63), described second kind plant cotton be provided with some through described second kind plant cotton (63) second sowing otch (64); Described second sowing otch (64) is cross recess.
6. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described environmental control system also comprises the evaporator (34) and condenser (35) that are positioned at cabinet (1) inwall, described evaporator (34) and condenser (35) are connected with the compressor (29) of cabinet (1) interior bottom, and described compressor (29) is electrically connected with environmental control (36).
7. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described nutrient solution conveying regulating system (14) comprises the standing reservoir case (66) and exhausted bath box (24) that are positioned at cabinet (1) bottom, the liquid outlet of standing reservoir case (66) is provided with control valve (30) and infusion pump (28), the port of export of described control valve (30) is provided with liquid-feeding tube (31), and described liquid-feeding tube (31) is connected with the nutrient solution filler (32) in plantation pallet (9); In cabinet (1), the nutrient solution overfall (19) of plantation pallet (9) is interconnected by overflow pipe (21), overflow pipe (21) is connected with exhausted bath box (24) by overflow circulating valve (27), in cabinet (1), the discard solution discharge port (22) of plantation pallet (9) is interconnected by discharging tube (23), and discharging tube (23) is connected with exhausted bath box (24) by waist valve (26); Waist valve (26), overflow circulating valve (27), infusion pump (28) and control valve (30) are electrically connected with environmental control system.
8. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: in described standing reservoir case (66), be provided with storage bin liquid level sensor (67), be provided with exhausted bath box liquid level sensor (25) in exhausted bath box (24), described exhausted bath box liquid level sensor (25) and storage bin liquid level sensor (67) are electrically connected with environmental control system;
Be provided with fog-spray nozzle (18) above the side of plantation pallet (9) in described cabinet (1), described fog-spray nozzle (18) is positioned on sparge pipe (20), and sparge pipe (20) is connected with the port of export of control valve (30).
9. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cabinet is provided with uviol lamp in (1), and described uviol lamp is electrically connected with environmental control system.
10. domestic full-automatic vegetable planter according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described environmental control system comprises communication interface, and is connected with remote monitor or intelligent handheld device by described communication interface.
CN201310412053.XA 2013-09-11 2013-09-11 Domestic full-automatic vegetable planting machine Active CN103416292B (en)

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