CN103416220A - Industrial cultivation method for zinc-rich flammulina velutipes - Google Patents

Industrial cultivation method for zinc-rich flammulina velutipes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103416220A
CN103416220A CN2013103052681A CN201310305268A CN103416220A CN 103416220 A CN103416220 A CN 103416220A CN 2013103052681 A CN2013103052681 A CN 2013103052681A CN 201310305268 A CN201310305268 A CN 201310305268A CN 103416220 A CN103416220 A CN 103416220A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
zinc
rich
flammulina velutipes
cultivation
wheat bran
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CN2013103052681A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈文刚
刘红连
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高青诚信菌业科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2013103052681A priority Critical patent/CN103416220A/en
Publication of CN103416220A publication Critical patent/CN103416220A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an industrial cultivation method for zinc-rich flammulina velutipes. According to the formula, the cultivation raw materials comprise 35%-40% of corncob powder, 40%-50% of wheat bran, 8%-10% of soybean cake powder, 3%-5% of corn flour, 1%-2% of land plaster and 0.3%-0.5% of zinc compound; the zinc compound is one or a mixture of more than one of zinc sulfate or zinc nitrate or zinc chloride or zinc acetate. With the method, the relative bioavailability of the produced zinc-rich flammulina velutipes is 190%-201% of that of ZnSO4, and therefore the green food standard is met.

Description

A kind of rich zinc industrialized cultivation for needle mushroom method
The present invention relates to fungus growing technique, particularly a kind of rich zinc industrialized cultivation for needle mushroom method.
Background technology
A kind of high-grade variety of genus flammulina edible fungi, be commonly called as intelligence mushroom and super food, and nutritive value is very high, has brain tonic, mends brain, increases the function of intelligence.Zinc is more important a kind of in 14 kinds of trace elements of needed by human, is the constituent of a lot of metalloenzyme or the activator of enzyme, and its participates in the synthetic of human body 90 plurality of enzymes, relevant with the activity of 300 plurality of enzymes, and the synthetic of numerous protein, nucleic acid all be unable to do without it.Zinc is rich content in human brain, to growing, the repair tissue cell, strengthen immunity and improve the important roles such as developing infantile intelligence, by people, is described as " flowers of life ".For vigorous children and the teenager of growing, zinc has prior nutritive value.Scarce zinc is global problem, the impact in China due to traditional meals, and zinc deficiency is more general.Investigation to the whole nation 1.4 ten thousand children of 18 provinces and cities and more than 4000 pregnant woman of 8 provinces and cities, wet nurse finds, China 1.5-6.5 year Hair Zinc Contents of Children lower than the ratio of 100 micrograms/gram (low limit value) about 60%; Pregnant woman, wet nurse's zinc intake no one reach the supply standard that Chinese Soclety of Nutrition is recommended, and lacking the zinc incidence is 30% left and right.Zinc but can play very important effect to the generation of the sexual development of body, sexual function, reproductive cell.Inorganic zinc has the side effects such as stimulation of stomach and intestine to human body, organic zinc can overcome above deficiency, by human body more efficiently, more safely absorb.The present invention is to provide a kind of edible mushroom Asparagus that utilizes and inorganic zinc is converted into to the method for organic zinc.
 
Summary of the invention
Technical scheme of the present invention is to realize like this.A kind of rich zinc industrialized cultivation for needle mushroom method, it is characterized in that the culturing raw material formula is comprised of maize cob meal, wheat bran skin, beancake powder, corn flour, land plaster, zinc compound, each component accounting: maize cob meal 35--40%, wheat bran skin 40--50%, beancake powder 8--10%, corn flour 3--5%, land plaster 1--2%, zinc compound 0.3-0.5%.Zinc compound refers to one or more the mixture in zinc sulphate or zinc nitrate or zinc chloride or zinc acetate.
Its planting technique:
1, the preparation of planting material: raw material is pulverized, and by above-mentioned formula rate, maize cob meal, wheat bran skin, beancake powder, corn flour, land plaster is put into to agitator and stirs 5min, allows each component fully be uniformly mixed; First with appropriate water, zinc compound is melted, then, by material water 1:1.5 ± 0.5 thin up, add the water spice and continue to stir 30min, water content is advisable with 61%--62%.With holding tight composts or fertilisers of cultivating, washmarking is arranged between webs and, without lower of the globule, stretching out finger can be agglomerating, land and fall apart for standard.If material hand in the palm unclamps just loose, show that material is too dry.
2, cultivating container.Select the polypropylene plastics bottle of 1100 milliliters of capacity, 75 millimeters of bores.Bottling, 121 ℃ of sterilizings 2 hours, be cooled to aseptic inoculation below 25 ℃.
3, cultural hypha.Due to the mycelia respiration, make room temperature raise 2 ℃, so, while keeping 16 ℃ ~ 18 ℃ of room temperatures, in bottle, a temperature just can reach 20 ℃.20 ℃ of cultural hypha 28-30 days mycelia are covered with mycelium stimulation after bottle.Relative air humidity remains on 60%, regularly ventilation.
4, cultivation management.After the full bottle of mycelia, carry out immediately mycelium stimulation.After mycelium stimulation, move into and urge the flower bud chamber at once.Under 10-13 ℃ of suitable temperature and relative air humidity 80%~90% condition, cross and just can budding in 8~10 days.Move into and suppress chamber forming bottle that fruit body, bacteria cover diameter are 1mm, the long 3~5mm of stem, and ventilate.In the indoor of 4 ℃ of room temperatures, relative air humidity 80%~85%, approximately cultivate about 10 days.When growing to bottleneck, fruit body moves to growth room, after spending 2~3 days, fruit body is with regard to the about 2~3cm of high bottle outlet, and the perforated plastic sheet that is at this moment 15 ° of left and right by fan-shaped, angle of release is enclosed within on bottleneck, controls amount of oxygen to reach, suppresses parachute-opening, promotes the purpose that stem stretches.Nest plate 5~6 days, when fruit body grows to 10cm, at this moment from top to bottom to cap blowing, turn white, neatly cap, stem drying.The room temperature of fertility chamber requires at 6~7 ℃, relative air humidity 85%--90%.
5, gather.When Asparagus grows to 15~16 centimeter length, when the cap curls inward is 1~1.5 centimetre of hemispherical, diameter, can pluck.Bottle is planted output 300~385 grams/bottle.
Adopt this inventive method, the relative bioavailability of the rich zinc Asparagus zinc of production is ZnSO 4190--201%.Do not use the chemical industry additive in factory formula and process, product reaches green food standard; The cultivation of Asparagus zinc success, realized that the science of zinc and Asparagus effect combines, but rich zinc golden needle fungus as zinc supplementations such as additive development functionality oral liquid, beverage, additives, be healthy and strong, increase the series of products of intelligence.
Embodiment
Embodiment mono-
Maize cob meal 35%, wheat bran skin 50%, beancake powder 10%, corn flour 3%, land plaster 1.5%, zinc sulphate 0.5%.
Its planting technique:
1, the preparation of planting material: raw material is pulverized, and by above-mentioned formula rate, maize cob meal, wheat bran skin, beancake powder, corn flour, land plaster is put into to agitator and stirs 5min, allows each component fully be uniformly mixed; First with appropriate water, zinc sulphate is melted, then, by material water 1:1.5 ± 0.5 thin up, add the water spice and continue to stir 30min, water content is advisable with 61%.With holding tight composts or fertilisers of cultivating, washmarking is arranged between webs and, without lower of the globule, stretching out finger can be agglomerating, land and fall apart for standard.If material hand in the palm unclamps just loose, show that material is too dry.
2, cultivating container.Select the polypropylene plastics bottle of 1100 milliliters of capacity, 75 millimeters of bores.Bottling, 121 ℃ of sterilizings 2 hours, be cooled to aseptic inoculation below 25 ℃.
3, cultural hypha.Due to the mycelia respiration, make room temperature raise 2 ℃, so, while keeping 18 ℃ of room temperatures, in bottle, a temperature just can reach 20 ℃.20 ℃ of cultural hypha 28-30 days mycelia are covered with mycelium stimulation after bottle.Relative air humidity remains on 60%, regularly ventilation.
4, cultivation management.After the full bottle of mycelia, carry out immediately mycelium stimulation.After mycelium stimulation, move into and urge the flower bud chamber at once.Under 10-13 ℃ of suitable temperature and relative air humidity 80%~90% condition, cross and just can budding in 8~10 days.Move into and suppress chamber forming bottle that fruit body, bacteria cover diameter are 1mm, the long 3~5mm of stem, and ventilate.In the indoor of 4 ℃ of room temperatures, relative air humidity 80%~85%, approximately cultivate about 10 days.When growing to bottleneck, fruit body moves to growth room, after spending 2~3 days, fruit body is with regard to the about 2~3cm of high bottle outlet, and the perforated plastic sheet that is at this moment 15 ° of left and right by fan-shaped, angle of release is enclosed within on bottleneck, controls amount of oxygen to reach, suppresses parachute-opening, promotes the purpose that stem stretches.Nest plate 5~6 days, when fruit body grows to 10cm, at this moment from top to bottom to cap blowing, turn white, neatly cap, stem drying.The room temperature of fertility chamber requires at 6~7 ℃, relative air humidity 85%--90%.
5, gather.When Asparagus grows to 15~16 centimeter length, when the cap curls inward is 1~1.5 centimetre of hemispherical, diameter, can pluck.Bottle is planted output 365 grams/bottle.
Adopt this inventive method, the relative bioavailability of the rich zinc Asparagus zinc of production is ZnSO 4201%.

Claims (3)

1. a rich zinc industrialized cultivation for needle mushroom method, is characterized in that the culturing raw material formula is comprised of maize cob meal, wheat bran skin, beancake powder, corn flour, land plaster, zinc compound.
2. rich zinc industrialized cultivation for needle mushroom method according to claim 1, is characterized in that zinc compound refers to one or more the mixture in zinc sulphate or zinc nitrate or zinc chloride or zinc acetate.
3. selenium-rich gold needle mushroom industrial planting method according to claim 1, is characterized in that each component accounting: maize cob meal 35--40%, wheat bran skin 40--50%, beancake powder 8--10%, corn flour 3--5%, land plaster 1--2%, zinc compound 0.3-0.5%.
CN2013103052681A 2013-07-21 2013-07-21 Industrial cultivation method for zinc-rich flammulina velutipes CN103416220A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464189A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-31 重庆市宽哥农业发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of zinc-rich needle mushroom

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1692840A (en) * 2005-06-21 2005-11-09 程宽 Bulking processing art for producing edible mushroom culturing material by using tree-branch and stalks as raw materials
JP2006129767A (en) * 2004-11-05 2006-05-25 Institute Of National Colleges Of Technology Japan Mushroom cultivation medium using dry solid of shochu distilled sake lees
CN101366346A (en) * 2008-07-31 2009-02-18 芜湖野树林生物科技有限公司 Clear-white gold needle mushroom cultivation method
CN102199054A (en) * 2011-03-31 2011-09-28 上海高榕食品有限公司 Production method and culture medium formula of zinc-rich edible mushroom
CN102696458A (en) * 2011-03-26 2012-10-03 琚江河 Edible fungus compost, production method thereof and edible fungus culture process
CN102850116A (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-01-02 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN103169062A (en) * 2011-12-26 2013-06-26 镇江市丹徒区南山溪园茶叶专业合作社 Production method of zinc-rich intelligence-improving flammulina velutipes infant food
CN103524214A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-22 合肥市天丰菌业科技有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation material taking mushroom residues as material and preparation method of needle mushroom cultivation material

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2006129767A (en) * 2004-11-05 2006-05-25 Institute Of National Colleges Of Technology Japan Mushroom cultivation medium using dry solid of shochu distilled sake lees
CN1692840A (en) * 2005-06-21 2005-11-09 程宽 Bulking processing art for producing edible mushroom culturing material by using tree-branch and stalks as raw materials
CN101366346A (en) * 2008-07-31 2009-02-18 芜湖野树林生物科技有限公司 Clear-white gold needle mushroom cultivation method
CN102696458A (en) * 2011-03-26 2012-10-03 琚江河 Edible fungus compost, production method thereof and edible fungus culture process
CN102199054A (en) * 2011-03-31 2011-09-28 上海高榕食品有限公司 Production method and culture medium formula of zinc-rich edible mushroom
CN103169062A (en) * 2011-12-26 2013-06-26 镇江市丹徒区南山溪园茶叶专业合作社 Production method of zinc-rich intelligence-improving flammulina velutipes infant food
CN102850116A (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-01-02 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation medium and preparation method thereof
CN103524214A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-22 合肥市天丰菌业科技有限公司 Needle mushroom cultivation material taking mushroom residues as material and preparation method of needle mushroom cultivation material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108464189A (en) * 2018-03-07 2018-08-31 重庆市宽哥农业发展有限公司 A kind of cultural method of zinc-rich needle mushroom

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