CN103414050A - High-voltage connector assembly and high-voltage connector for high-voltage cable and method for manufacturing high-voltage connector assembly - Google Patents

High-voltage connector assembly and high-voltage connector for high-voltage cable and method for manufacturing high-voltage connector assembly Download PDF

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CN103414050A
CN103414050A CN 201310307374 CN201310307374A CN103414050A CN 103414050 A CN103414050 A CN 103414050A CN 201310307374 CN201310307374 CN 201310307374 CN 201310307374 A CN201310307374 A CN 201310307374A CN 103414050 A CN103414050 A CN 103414050A
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insulator
connector assembly
high voltage
housing
high
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CN 201310307374
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Chinese (zh)
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贝恩德·比优斯特
迈克尔·谢弗
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通用电气传感与检测科技股份有限公司
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Abstract

A high-voltage connector assembly for a high-voltage cable comprises an insulator made of polymer materials. The insulator surrounds the end portion of the high-voltage cable, is contained in a shell body and is made of elastic body materials which are padded, poured or injected into the shell body to form the insulator. The connector assembly is designed in a way that when the connector assembly is connected to a corresponding connector assembly, a pressure chamber which is basically closed is formed among the shell body, the corresponding connector assembly and the end portion of the cable, and the pressure chamber is basically and completely occupied by the insulator. Due to the fact that the insulator bears the pressure, the corresponding connector assembly abuts against the insulator in a non-gap, high-voltage, sealed and pressed mode, the insulator abuts against the shell body in a non-gap, high-voltage, sealed and pressed mode, and the insulator abuts against the surface of a protective cover on the end portion of the cable in a non-gap, high-voltage, sealed and pressed mode.

Description

用于高电压电缆的高电压连接器组件、高电压连接器、以及制造高电压连接器组件的方法 High-voltage cables for high-voltage connector assembly, the high-voltage connector, and a method of manufacturing a high voltage connector assembly

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种用于高电压电缆的高电压连接器组件、一种高电压连接器、以及一种制造高电压连接器组件的方法,其中所述高电压电缆包括由聚合物材料制成的绝缘体,所述绝缘体环绕所述高电压电缆的电缆端部。 [0001] The present invention relates to a high voltage connector assembly for high-voltage cables, a high-voltage connector, and a method for manufacturing a high voltage connector assembly, wherein said high voltage cable comprises a polymer material made of an insulator, the insulator surrounding the cable end of a high voltage cable.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 已知的橡胶锥形插塞式连接器包括朝接触侧逐渐变细的锥形橡胶本体,为建立高电压连接,该锥形橡胶本体被插入至插座中直到该橡胶本体的正面抵靠该插座的边缘为止。 [0002] Known rubber tapered plug connector comprising a contact side toward the tapered conical rubber body, to establish a high-voltage connector, the rubber body is inserted into the tapered receptacle until the front surface of the rubber body against against the edge of the socket so far. 为了使所界定的压力使锥体靠紧,首先需要准确地调整该橡胶本体。 In order to make the cone defined against the pressure, necessary to accurately adjust the first rubber body. 为制造该橡胶本体,局部地剥离电缆端部并通过金属切割而对该电缆端部进行机加工,然后将生橡胶缠绕在电缆端部周围并硫化至该电缆端部;然而,此方法非常耗时且成本高昂。 For the manufacture of the rubber body, partially stripped cable end and the cable end of the machining portions by metal cutting, and then wrapped around the raw rubber and vulcanized to the cable end of the cable end portion; however, this method is very time consuming when and costly. 对于组装,在将插塞式连接器插入至插座中之前,还需要用油脂润滑橡胶锥体,以在该橡胶锥体与插座之间获得可靠的高电压密封。 For assembly, before the plug connector is inserted into the receptacle, the need to use grease lubricated rubber cone, in order to obtain a reliable rubber between the sealing cone and the high voltage receptacle. 然而,油脂会随时间而蒸发、被橡胶吸收或老化变硬;此外,电缆材料会由于老化而松弛。 However, the oil will evaporate over time, absorbed or hard rubber aging; Moreover, the cable slack material due to aging. 因此,需要进行定期的耗时的维护以保持可靠的高电压密封,其中需要移除旧的油脂并施用新的油脂并且需要对调整进行检查且如果必要的话,执行再调難 Therefore, the need for time-consuming regular maintenance to maintain reliable high voltage seal, which need to remove the old grease and application of new oil and needs to be checked and adjusted if necessary, and then transferred to perform difficult

iF.0 iF.0

[0003] 参见例如美国专利US5358419以及欧洲专利EP0938759B1,还获知不同的橡胶锥形插塞式连接器,其中高电压导体被直接嵌入至橡胶锥体中,因此该橡胶锥体并不包封电缆端部。 [0003] See, e.g. U.S. Patent No. US5358419 and European Patent EP0938759B1, also known different rubber tapered plug connector, wherein the high voltage conductor is embedded directly into the rubber cone, so that rubber cone encloses the cable end is not unit. 这些橡胶锥形插塞式连接器的制造耗时且成本高昂。 These rubber tapered plug connector manufacturing time consuming and costly.

[0004] 此外,已知一种包括由铸模树脂制成的绝缘体的高电压插塞式连接器,其中绝缘体是在铸型中利用真空高温浇铸而制成并在进行机加工、涂覆、粘贴至插塞式连接器壳体中后,以无孔且无间隙的方式接合并罐装(pot)至经机加工的电缆端部。 [0004] Further, there is known comprising a high voltage insulator made of a resin molded plug connector, wherein the insulator is made by a vacuum casting in the mold and a high temperature during the machining, coating, paste after the plug to the connector housing to a nonporous and engage without a gap filling (POT) to machined cable end. 热固性绝缘体不再能够从插塞式连接器壳体或从电缆端部移出以用于修理目的或维护目的。 Thermosetting insulator can no longer be from the plug connector housing or removed from the cable end for the purpose of repair or maintenance purposes. 为确保无间隙地紧靠在插座上,在绝缘体与插座之间需要采取另外的措施以获得足够的高电压密封。 To ensure that no clearance against the socket, and the socket between the insulator additional measures needed to obtain sufficient high-voltage sealing. 此高电压插塞式连接器既不需要维护也不需要调整,但成本高昂、易于损坏且无法修理。 This high voltage plug connector requires neither maintenance nor adjustment is required, but the cost is high, and the damage can not be repaired easily.

[0005] 美国专利US5626486A揭露一种高电压电性连接器总成,该高电压电性连接器总成具有可与第二连接器紧密配合的第一连接器,第一连接器具有插座端子,第二连接器具有插针端子。 [0005] U.S. Patent US5626486A discloses a high voltage electrical connector assembly, is electrically connected to the high voltage assembly having a first connector can mate with the second connector, the first connector having receptacle terminals, a second connector having terminal pins. 插座端子设置于由弹性体材料制成的分别逐渐变细的贮仓(silos)中,并且第二连接器是由刚性介电材料形成以包括环绕这些插针端子的插针接触区段的贮仓容置凹槽。 Socket terminals are provided on the tapering silo (Silos) made of an elastomeric material, and comprising a second connector is to surround the pin contact section of the terminal pins of the reservoir is formed from a rigid dielectric material storing capacity set groove. 在完成连接器配合之后,在前端部处沿纵向压缩这些贮仓,从而使这些贮仓沿径向扩展而紧密啮合贮仓容置凹槽的内表面,并建立压缩密封以界定配合界面在电压泄露路径上的密封,否则这些电压泄露路径会容许产生电晕放电。 After completion of the mating connector, at the distal end portion along a longitudinal compression of these silos, so that these expand radially bin tightly engaging an inner surface of the recess facing the reservoir storage capacity, and create a compression seal at the mating interface to define a leakage voltage seal on the path, otherwise leakage path would allow the voltage corona discharge.

[0006] 美国专利US3323097揭露一种高电压屏蔽电缆的终端,包括截头圆锥体形状的预制金属介电应力消除构件以及与该应力消除构件互补的截头圆锥体形状的绝缘构件。 [0006] U.S. Patent No. US3323097 discloses a high-voltage terminal of the shielded cable, comprising a prefabricated metal dielectric stressed frusto-conical shape of the member to eliminate the insulating member and the frusto-conical shape with the elimination of the stress member complementary. 通过收紧凸缘而将截头圆锥体绝缘构件压缩于电缆绝缘上,以气密性地密封电缆终端。 By tightening the frustoconical flange insulating member on the cable insulation compressed to hermetically sealed cable termination. [0007] 欧洲专利EP0487025A1以及美国专利US4886471揭露相关的高电压连接器。 [0007] European Patent No. EP0487025A1 and U.S. Patent No. US4886471 discloses associated high voltage connector.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明的目的是提供一种能确保永久安全的高电压连接的免维护连接器组件、一种高电压连接器及其制造方法,其中制造、维护及修理工作显著减少。 [0008] The object of the present invention is to provide a maintenance-free can assure permanent connection of the safety assembly connected to a high voltage, a high voltage connector and its manufacturing method, wherein the manufacturing, maintenance and repair work are significantly reduced.

[0009] 本发明是利用独立权利要求的特征来实现此目的。 [0009] The present invention utilizes features of the independent claims for this purpose. 由于绝缘体是由弹性体材料制成,因而可省去连接器组件之间的额外密封元件,例如橡胶盘。 Since the insulator is made of an elastomeric material, thus eliminating the need for additional sealing element between the connector assembly, such as a rubber disc. 根据本发明,当连接这些连接器组件时,在插塞式连接器壳体、对应连接器组件与电缆端部之间形成压力室,该压力室被该绝缘体基本上完全地占据。 According to the present invention, when connecting the connector assembly in the plug connector housing, corresponding to a pressure chamber between the connector assembly and the cable end portion, the pressure chamber is substantially completely occupied by the insulator. 当弹性体在压力作用下有利地像流体一样表现时,尤其是沿连接方向施加至绝缘体的力实现对应连接器组件无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠至绝缘体,以及绝缘体无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠至电缆端部的护套表面,且优选地还压靠至壳体。 When the elastomer is advantageously behave like a fluid under pressure, particularly applied to the connecting direction to force the insulator achieve corresponding connector assembly without a gap, a high voltage is sealingly pressed against the insulator, and an insulator without a gap, high voltage is sealingly pressed against the surface of the cable sheath end portion, and preferably also pressed against the housing. 因此,在连接器组件、绝缘体、电缆端部与壳体之间无需采用其他措施便能获得优异的高电压密封。 Thus, between the connector assembly, an insulator, and housing the cable end without the use of additional measures will be able to obtain an excellent sealing a high voltage. 可省去先前执行的用油脂润滑绝缘体及与其相关联的大量维护工作,并且也可省去例如将绝缘体接合至电缆端部。 Grease can be dispensed with and an insulator associated therewith much maintenance work previously performed, for example, may be omitted and the insulator is bonded to the cable end. 无需采用其他措施便可补偿电缆由于老化而出现的松弛、以及绝缘体与电缆端部或壳体的分离。 Without employing other measures can compensate for slack cable occurring due to aging, and the separation portion or the insulator and the cable end of the housing.

[0010] 术语“弹性体材料”还包括仅在某些温度范围内具有弹性的材料(尤其是热塑性弹性体)、以及主要表现出弹性体行为而非塑性行为的材料。 [0010] The term "elastomeric material" includes material (particularly a thermoplastic elastomer) having elasticity only in a certain temperature range, and the main material exhibiting elastomeric behavior rather than plastic behavior.

[0011] 在尤其有利的实施例中,绝缘体被填充、浇铸或注射成型至壳体中,因此可显著减少现有技术已知的制造步骤以及对应时间的工作。 [0011] In a particularly advantageous embodiment, the insulator is filled, injection molded or cast into the housing, thus significantly reducing the manufacturing steps known in the prior art and the corresponding time of operation. 为此目的,优选地在壳体中设置填料入口,以用于浇铸、填入或注射用于绝缘体的弹性体材料。 Purposes, the filler is preferably provided in the housing inlet end, for casting, or injection filled elastomeric material for the insulator.

[0012] 如果绝缘体的弹性体材料表现出高程度的不可压缩性,则对于压力传输是有利的。 [0012] If the elastomeric material of the insulator exhibits a high degree of incompressible, it is advantageous for pressure transmission. 因此,尤其优选的材料为橡胶或硅酮弹性体。 Accordingly, particularly preferred material is rubber or a silicone elastomer. 硅酮弹性体所提供的优点在于,硅酮弹性体可利用开放式低温烧铸(open low temperature casting)毫不费力地进行加工且具有短的制造周期。 Advantages of silicone elastomer provided that the silicone elastomer may utilize low temperature burning of open casting (open low temperature casting) effortlessly processed and has a short manufacturing cycle.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0013] 在下文中,将参照附图基于优选实施例来更详细地说明本发明。 [0013] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail based on preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings. 附图显示: The figures show:

[0014] 图1为高电压连接器的剖面图; A cross-sectional view of a high voltage connector [0014] FIG 1;

[0015] 图1a为罩盖的剖面示意图;以及 [0015] Figure 1a is a schematic cross-sectional view of the cover; and

[0016] 图2为图1所示高电压连接器的轴向视图。 [0016] Figure 2 is an axial view of the high voltage connector shown in FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0017] 高电压连接器10包括高电压插塞式连接器11以及对应插座12。 [0017] The high voltage connector 10 includes a high voltage plug connector 11 and a corresponding receptacle 12. 连接器10尤其是用于提供X射线组件,例如X射线管,该X射线组件具有尤其是处于60kV至500kV范围内的高电压。 The connector 10 is particularly for an X-ray component, such as an X-ray tube, the X-ray assembly having a particularly high voltage is within the range 60kV to 500kV. 插座12优选地相对于壳体而被固定,例如固定至高电压发生器的壳体。 Preferably, the socket 12 is fixed relative to the housing, such as the housing fixed to the high voltage generator.

[0018] 插塞式连接器11适当地连接至高电压电缆13,高电压电缆13 —般包括高电压导体14、用于使导体14与外部高电压绝缘的管形绝缘层15、用于屏蔽的导电层16、以及保护性护套17。 [0018] The plug connector 11 is suitably connected to the high voltage cable 13, the high voltage cables 13 - as comprising a high voltage conductor 14, the conductor for the high voltage insulation 14 and the outer tubular insulating layer 15, for the shield conductive layer 16, and a protective sheath 17. 在插塞式连接器11的区域中,护套17及屏蔽层16被移除。 In the region of the plug connector 11, the sheath 17 and the shielding layer 16 is removed. 仍包括管形绝缘层15的此种局部剥离的电缆部分被称为电缆端部18。 Cable still comprises a tubular portion such an insulating layer 15 is partially stripped cable end portion 18 is referred to. [0019] 插塞式连接器11包括壳体19,壳体19优选地具有导电性且优选地由金属(例如钢板)制成。 [0019] The plug connector 11 includes a housing 19, housing 19 is preferably conductive and is preferably made of metal (e.g. steel). 也可使用导电性塑性材料。 Conductive plastic material may be used. 壳体19尤其是利用连接装置20以导电方式连接至电缆屏蔽层16,以确保连续屏蔽。 Housing 19 is connected in particular with means 20 is connected in an electrically conductive manner to the cable shield 16 to ensure continuous shield. 插塞式连接器11与电缆13之间的连接区域是利用应变消除件(strain relief)21而支撑。 Region 13 is connected between the plug connector 11 and the cable member is to use a strain (strain relief) 21 is supported eliminated. 由适宜材料制成的弯曲保护件22包封包括壳体19及应变消除件21在内的整个插塞式连接器11。 Bend protection member 22 made of a suitable material encapsulated comprises a housing 19 and a strain relief throughout the plug connector 11 of the inner member 21.

[0020] 优选地在插塞式连接器壳体19中设置接触壳体24。 [0020] Preferably the plug connector housing 19 is provided in contact with the housing 24. 在接触壳体24中定位有用于插塞式连接器11的高电压导体14的插塞触点25以及(如果适用的话)触点电路板26。 Positioned in the contact housing 24 has a plug contact for a high voltage conductor 11 of the plug connector 14 and 25 (if applicable) contacts the circuit board 26. 插座12包括对应接触壳体40,在对应接触壳体40中定位有对应插塞触点41以及(如果适用的话)触点电路板42。 Corresponding to a contact socket 12 includes a housing 40, in the corresponding contact housing 40 is positioned corresponding to the plug contacts 41, and (if applicable) contacts the circuit board 42. 如图1所示,接触壳体24、40优选地被设计成可插入至彼此中,并因此形成相连的接触室23。 As shown in FIG. 1, the contact housing 24, 40 preferably being designed to be inserted into each other, and thus chamber 23 is connected to a contact. 图2显示用于高电压导体14的插座侧连接端子27。 Figure 2 shows a receptacle-side high-voltage conductor 14 is connected to terminal 27.

[0021] 绝缘体28位于插塞式连接器壳体19与电缆端部18之间的室中。 [0021] The insulator 28 is inserted cable end portion 19 and the plug connector housing 18 in the chamber between. 绝缘体28是由优选地低温或室温固化弹性体材料制成,例如硅酮弹性体或橡胶。 The insulator 28 is made of a cured elastomeric material, preferably low or room temperature, such as silicone elastomer or rubber. 电缆端部18延伸穿过整个绝缘体28,且在接触壳体24中优选地安装于接触壳体24的正面44处,如图1所示。 The cable end portion 18 extending through the entire insulator 28, and the contact housing 24 is preferably mounted to the front of the housing 24 at the contact 44, as shown in FIG. 绝缘体28尤其是以环形方式在电缆端部18的护套表面46处围绕圆周包封电缆端部18,并形成电缆端部18的横式轴向开口45。 In particular, the insulator 28 is annular in embodiment 18 of the cable end surface of the sheath 46 around the circumference of the end portion 18 encloses the cable, and forms a horizontal portion 18 of the cable end axial opening 45.

[0022] 绝缘体28优选地以紧密配合方式倚靠在壳体19的内表面上。 [0022] The insulator 28 is preferably in a close fit against the inner surface of the housing 19. 壳体19为漏斗状的且优选地朝电缆侧38逐渐变细,以用于现场控制目的。 A funnel-shaped housing 19 and preferably 38 toward the cable-side tapered, for field controlling purposes. 绝缘体28优选地完全包含于壳体19中,即绝缘体28优选地并不包括任何从壳体19突出的部分。 Insulator 28 preferably completely contained in the housing 19, i.e., the insulator 28 preferably does not include any portion projecting from the housing 19. 然而,并不排除绝缘体28从该壳体突出,例如如果绝缘体28的接触表面32为截头圆锥体形状。 However, it does not exclude the insulator 28 protruding from the housing, for example, if the contact surface 32 of the insulator 28 is frusto-conical shape. 为修理目的,可利用相对少的努力从壳体19移出绝缘体28的弹性体材料。 For the purposes of repair, with relatively little effort may be the elastomeric material of the insulator 28 is removed from the housing 19.

[0023] 为制造插塞式连接器11,电缆13或电缆端部18穿插于开口29中,开口29在插塞式连接器11的电缆侧38上设置于壳体19中,其中开口29的内径适合于电缆端部18的外径。 [0023] for the manufacture of the plug connector 11, the cable 13 or the end of the cable 18 is inserted in the opening 29, the opening 29 in the cable-side plug connector 11 is provided on the housing 38 in 19, wherein the opening 29 an inner diameter adapted to the outer diameter of the cable end portion 18.

[0024] 随后,利用图1a中示意性显示的罩盖50将位于壳体19中且位于插塞式连接器11的接触侧39上的开口30封闭。 [0024] Subsequently, using FIG. 1a shows schematically the cover lid 50 closing the opening 30 on the housing 39 of the contact 19 and located in the plug connector 11 side. 罩盖50可为例如具有供接触壳体24延伸穿过的中心开口的环形盘,或者可具有任何其他适宜形式。 Cover 50 may have any other suitable form may be, for example, for a contact housing having an annular disc 24 extending through the central opening or. 罩盖50可由金属、塑料或任何其他适宜材料制成。 Cover 50 may be made of metal, plastic or any other suitable material. 然后,经由设置于壳体19中的填料入口31将优选低温固化硅酮生橡胶填充至封闭的室43中。 Then, through the filler inlet 19 is disposed in the housing 31 is preferably a low temperature curable silicone raw rubber 43 filled in the closed chamber. 填充室43是由壳体19、电缆端部18、接触壳体24以及罩盖50限制。 19 is a housing chamber 43 is filled, an end portion of the cable 18, contacts 24 and a housing cover 50 restricted. 由于罩盖50具有平坦内表面,因此形成绝缘体28的平坦接触表面32,平坦接触表面32被取向为垂直于连接器10的连接方向33,连接方向33在图1中是由双箭头表示。 Since the inner cover 50 having a flat surface, thus forming a flat contact surface 32 of the insulator 28, a flat contact surface 32 is oriented perpendicular 33, connecting direction 33 in FIG. 1 by a double arrow shows a direction of connecting to the connector 10.

[0025] 包封接触侧开口30的优选环形的压力承载装置34设置于插塞式连接器壳体19的外表面处,以用于当连接连接器组件11、12时,使绝缘体28承载压力。 [0025] encapsulating the contact pressure is preferably annular side opening 30 of the carrier device 34 is provided on the outer surface of the plug connector housing 19, for 11 and 12 when connecting the connector assembly, the insulator 28 carries a pressure . 压力承载装置34优选地由一或多个(在本实例中为两个)盘形弹簧36组成,盘形弹簧36包括用于例如螺钉等紧固装置(图未示出)的沿圆周分布的孔35。 Pressure means 34 is preferably carried by one or more (two in this example) composed of a disc-shaped spring 36, spring disk 36, for example, comprise a circumferential fastening means such as screws (not shown) of the distribution hole 35.

[0026] 为对连接器10进行组装,首先沿连接方向33将插塞式连接器11插入至插座12中,其中插座12与插塞式连接器11的插针(contact pin)25彼此卩齿合以建立高电压连接。 [0026] The pair of connector 10 is assembled, first the connecting direction 33 plug connector 11 is inserted into the receptacle 12, wherein the socket pin 12 of the plug connector 11 (contact pin) 25 Jie another tooth together to establish a high-voltage connector. 当对连接器10进行组装时,绝缘体28的平坦接触表面32倚靠在插座12的对应平坦接触表面37上,其适当地也被取向为垂直于连接方向33。 When the connector 10 is assembled, the flat contact surface 32 of the insulator 28 rests on the receptacle 12 of the corresponding flat contact surface 37, which is also suitably oriented perpendicular to the connecting direction 33. 插座12的表面32、壳体19、电缆端部18的护套表面46以及接触壳体24形成基本上封闭(除例如填料入口31等功能性开口夕卜)的压力室43。 32 the receptacle surface 12, housing 19, an end surface of the cable jacket 46 and the contact portion 18 of the housing 24 form a substantially closed (e.g. a filler inlet 31 and the like in addition to the functional opening Bu Xi) of the pressure chamber 43.

[0027] 然后,利用啮合穿过开口35的紧固螺钉迎着插座12拉动盘形弹簧36,直到盘形弹簧36位于垂直位置为止,如图1所示,并因此表明已达到处于例如IOkN范围内的预定的高紧固力。 [0027] Then, the fastening screw engaging through the opening 35 of the socket 12 facing the Belleville spring 36 pulling, until the disc spring 36 until the vertical position shown in Figure 1, and thus indicating that the range has been reached is, for example IOkN predetermined high fastening force therein. 该紧固力从插座12的接触表面37传送至绝缘体28的接触表面32。 The fastening force is transmitted from the socket 12 the contact surface 37 to contact surface 32 of the insulator 28. 由于压力承载装置34施加高的压力于绝缘体28上,且由于绝缘体28具有弹性,在插塞式连接器11与插座12之间获得优异的高电压密封。 Since the pressure bearing means 34 applying a high pressure on the insulator 28, the insulator 28 having elasticity and since, between the plug 11 and the receptacle connector 12 of a high voltage to obtain excellent sealing. 不再需要插入单独的橡胶密封盘以及在连接器组件 No need to insert a separate rubber sealing disc and a connector assembly

11、12之间施用油脂。 Application of grease between 11 and 12. 因此,可省去对连接器10进行的定期维护。 Thus, eliminating the need for regular maintenance of the connector 10.

[0028] 由于绝缘体28在压力载荷作用下的类似流体的表现且由于封闭的压力室43,由插座12的接触表面37施加至绝缘体28的接触表面32的压力被该绝缘体传送并使绝缘体28压靠至接触绝缘体28的电缆端部18的整个护套表面46、并压靠至接触绝缘体28的壳体19的整个内表面,使得在绝缘体28与电缆端部18之间以及在绝缘体28与壳体19之间获得优异的高电压密封。 [0028] and 43, since the insulator 28 is applied to behave like a fluid under pressure due to the load pressure chamber is closed by a socket 37 of contact surface 12 to the contact surface of the insulator 28 of the pressure is transmitted to the insulator 32 and insulator 28 pressure by contacting to the entire surface of the sheath 28 of the cable end portion 18 of the insulator 46, and pressed against the insulator 28 to the contact surface of the entire inner housing 19, such that between the insulator 28 and the housing 18 and the cable end portion 28 and the insulator a high voltage to obtain excellent sealing between the body 19. 甚至电缆端部18由于老化而出现的松弛也得到补偿。 Even the slack cable end portion 18 is also occurring due to aging compensated. 壳体19适合于吸收由压力承载装置34施加的力。 Housing 19 adapted to absorb the force exerted by the pressure means 34 is carried.

[0029] 在未示出的其他实施例中,连接器10当然也可被设计成相反的情形,包括面板插塞12以及插入式I禹合器或插座(plug-1n coupling or receptacle) 11。 [0029] In other embodiments not shown, the connector 10 of course may be designed to the opposite case, comprising a panel plug 12 and the insertion of Formula I and Yu or socket (plug-1n coupling or receptacle) 11.

Claims (20)

  1. 1.一种用于高电压电缆的高电压连接器组件,包括由聚合物材料制成的绝缘体,所述绝缘体环绕所述高电压电缆的电缆端部,其中所述绝缘体容置于壳体中且由弹性体材料制成,其中所述弹性体材料被填充、浇铸或注射至所述壳体中以形成所述绝缘体,且其中所述连接器组件被设计成使得在连接至对应连接器组件时,在所述壳体、所述对应连接器组件与所述电缆端部之间形成基本上封闭的压力室,其中所述压力室被设置成供所述绝缘体基本上完全地占据,从而通过使所述绝缘体承载压力而实现所述对应连接器组件无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠至所述绝缘体,所述绝缘体无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠至所述壳体,以及所述绝缘体无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠至所述电缆端部的护套表面。 A high-voltage cable for high voltage connector assembly comprising an insulator made of a polymer material, the insulator surrounds the cable end of a high voltage cable, wherein the insulator accommodated in the housing and is made of an elastomeric material, wherein the elastomeric material is filled, cast or injected into the housing to form the insulator, and wherein said connector assembly is designed such that connection to a corresponding connector assembly when, in the housing, corresponding to said substantially closed pressure chamber formed between the connector assembly and the cable end, wherein said pressure chamber is arranged for substantially completely occupied by the insulator, so that by the insulator corresponding to the load pressure is achieved connector assembly without a gap, a high voltage is sealingly pressed against the insulator, the insulator without a gap, a high voltage is sealingly pressed against the housing, and the said insulator without a gap, a high voltage is sealingly pressed against the surface of the sheath of the cable end portion.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述绝缘体的所述弹性体材料是由低温可浇铸生橡胶材料制成。 2. The high voltage connector assembly according to claim 1, wherein said elastomeric material of said insulator is made of a low temperature castable raw rubber material.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述绝缘体的所述弹性体材料是由高温可浇铸生橡胶材料或高温可注射成型生橡胶材料制成。 A high voltage connector assembly according to claim 1, wherein the elastomeric material of the insulator is a high temperature castable rubber material or raw high temperature injection molding may be made of raw rubber material.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述电缆端部还包括所述高电压电缆的管形高电压绝缘。 The high-voltage connector assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cable end of the high voltage cable comprises a further tubular high voltage insulation.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述绝缘体以紧密配合方式倚靠在所述壳体上。 5. The high voltage connector assembly according to claim 1, wherein said insulator rests with a close fit on the housing.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中在所述壳体中设置有填料入口,以用于注射或填入弹性体材料以形成所述绝缘体。 6. The high voltage connector assembly according to claim 1, wherein the housing is provided with a filler inlet for injection or filled elastomeric material to form the insulator.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,包括压力承载装置,以用于当连接所述连接器组件时,使所述绝缘体承载压力。 The high-voltage connector assembly according to claim 1, comprising a pressure carrying means, for the connection when the connector assembly, the insulator bearer pressure.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述压力承载装置包括至少一个盘形弹黃。 8. A high-voltage connector assembly as claimed in claim 7, wherein said pressure means comprises at least one carrier disc-shaped spring.
  9. 9.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述绝缘体完全包并入所述壳体内。 A high voltage connector assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said insulator is fully incorporated into the package housing.
  10. 10.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述绝缘体基本上由橡胶制成。 10. The high voltage connector assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said insulator is substantially made of rubber.
  11. 11.如权利要求1所述的高电压连接器组件,其中所述绝缘体基本上由硅酮弹性体制成。 11. A high-voltage connector assembly as claimed in claim 1, wherein said insulator is substantially made of a silicone elastomer.
  12. 12.一种高电压连接器,包括用于高电压电缆的第一连接器组件以及与所述第一连接器组件配合的第二连接器组件,所述第一连接器组件包括由聚合物材料制成的绝缘体,所述绝缘体环绕所述高电压电缆的电缆端部,其中所述绝缘体容置于壳体中且由弹性体材料制成,其中所述弹性体材料被填充、浇铸或注射至所述壳体中以形成所述绝缘体,且其中所述连接器组件被设计成使得在连接至所述第二连接器组件时,在所述壳体、所述第二连接器组件与所述电缆端部之间形成基本上封闭的压力室,其中所述压力室被设置成供所述绝缘体基本上完全地占据,从而通过使所述绝缘体承载压力而实现所述第二连接器组件无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠至所述绝缘体,所述绝缘体无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠至所述壳体,以及所述绝缘体无间隙地、高电压密封地压靠 A high-voltage connector comprising a first connector assembly for a high voltage cable and a second connector assembly mating with the first connector assembly, the connector assembly includes a first polymeric material made of an insulator, the insulator surrounding the cable end of a high voltage cable, wherein the insulator accommodated in the housing and made of an elastomeric material, wherein the elastomeric material is filled into a casting or injection said housing to form the insulator, and wherein said connector assembly is designed such that, when connected to the second connector assembly in the housing, the second connector assembly to the a substantially closed pressure chamber formed between the cable end, wherein said pressure chamber is arranged for substantially completely occupied by the insulator, so as to achieve the second connector assembly carried by said insulator gap without pressure , the high voltage is sealingly pressed against the insulator, the insulator without a gap, a high voltage is sealingly pressed against the housing without a gap and the insulator, a high voltage is sealingly pressed against the 所述电缆端部的护套表面,其中当所述连接器组件以高电压绝缘方式连接时,所述第一连接器组件的所述绝缘体不需要单独的中间部件而直接在压力载荷作用下倚靠在所述第二连接器组件的相对表面上。 Jacket surface of the cable end portion, wherein when the connector assembly is connected to a high voltage insulated manner, the need for a separate insulating member intermediate said first connector assembly rests directly under pressure load on the opposite surface of the second connector assembly.
  13. 13.如权利要求1 2所述的高电压连接器,其中所述电缆端部还包括所述高电压电缆的管形高电压绝缘。 13. The high voltage connector according to claim 1, wherein said cable further comprises a tubular end portion of a high voltage cable insulation the high voltage.
  14. 14.如权利要求12所述的高电压连接器,其中所述绝缘体以紧密配合方式倚靠在所述壳体上。 14. The high voltage connector according to claim 12, wherein said insulator rests with a close fit on the housing.
  15. 15.如权利要求12所述的高电压连接器,其中在所述壳体中设置有填料入口,以用于注射或填入弹性体材料以形成所述绝缘体。 15. The high voltage connector according to claim 12, wherein the housing is provided with a filler inlet for injection or filled elastomeric material to form the insulator.
  16. 16.如权利要求12所述的高电压连接器,包括压力承载装置,以用于当连接所述连接器组件时,使所述绝缘体承载压力。 16. The high voltage connector according to claim 12, comprising a pressure carrying means, for the connection when the connector assembly, the insulator bearer pressure.
  17. 17.如权利要求16所述的高电压连接器,其中所述压力承载装置包括至少一个盘形弹簧。 17. The high voltage connector according to claim 16, wherein said pressure means comprises at least one carrier disk spring.
  18. 18.如权利要求12所述的高电压连接器,其中所述绝缘体完全并入所述壳体内。 18. The high voltage connector according to claim 12, wherein said insulator is fully incorporated within the housing.
  19. 19.一种制造用于高电压电缆的高电压连接器组件的方法,所述高电压连接器组件包括由聚合物材料制成的绝缘体,所述绝缘体环绕所述高电压电缆的电缆端部,其中所述绝缘体容置于壳体中且由弹性体材料制成,其中所述高电压电缆穿插于开口中,所述开口在所述电缆的一侧上设置于所述壳体中,并且所述弹性体材料被填充、浇铸或注射至所述壳体中以形成所述绝缘体。 19. A method of manufacturing a high voltage connector assembly for a high voltage cable, said high voltage connector assembly includes an insulator made of a polymer material, the insulator surrounds the cable end of a high voltage cable, wherein the insulator accommodated in the housing and made of an elastomeric material, wherein said high voltage cable is inserted in the opening, the opening disposed in the housing on one side of the cable, and the said elastomeric material is filled, cast or injected into the housing to form the insulator.
  20. 20.如权利要求19所述的方法,其中在将所述弹性体材料填充、浇铸或注射至所述壳体中之前,通过罩盖而将设置于所述壳体中且位于所述壳体的接触侧上的开口封闭。 20. The method according to claim 19, wherein the filler in the elastomeric material, prior to casting, or injection into the housing by the cover to be disposed in the housing and located within the housing opening on the contact side of the closure.
CN 201310307374 2012-02-14 2012-02-14 High-voltage connector assembly and high-voltage connector for high-voltage cable and method for manufacturing high-voltage connector assembly CN103414050A (en)

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CN105814750A (en) * 2013-12-17 2016-07-27 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Electrical assembly

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US4886471A (en) * 1987-01-30 1989-12-12 Amp Incorporated Vacuum seal for electrical connector
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CN1618258A (en) * 2001-12-04 2005-05-18 X射线光学系统公司 X-ray source assembly having enhanced output stability, and fluid stream analysis applications thereof
CN101013787A (en) * 2005-10-19 2007-08-08 安德鲁公司 Connector with outer conductor axial compression connection and method of manufacture

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US4886471A (en) * 1987-01-30 1989-12-12 Amp Incorporated Vacuum seal for electrical connector
US5626486A (en) * 1995-03-10 1997-05-06 The Whitaker Corporation High voltage low current connector interface with compressible terminal site seal
CN1618258A (en) * 2001-12-04 2005-05-18 X射线光学系统公司 X-ray source assembly having enhanced output stability, and fluid stream analysis applications thereof
CN101013787A (en) * 2005-10-19 2007-08-08 安德鲁公司 Connector with outer conductor axial compression connection and method of manufacture

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105814750A (en) * 2013-12-17 2016-07-27 罗伯特·博世有限公司 Electrical assembly

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