CN103412520B - Various energy resources centralized monitoring system and monitoring method thereof - Google Patents

Various energy resources centralized monitoring system and monitoring method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103412520B
CN103412520B CN201310187543.4A CN201310187543A CN103412520B CN 103412520 B CN103412520 B CN 103412520B CN 201310187543 A CN201310187543 A CN 201310187543A CN 103412520 B CN103412520 B CN 103412520B
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energy
data
monitoring
data transmission
instrument
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CN103412520A (en
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吴海红
何伟
周建安
吴胜
彭羽
王雪清
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ZHEJIANG FRESHPOWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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ZHEJIANG FRESHPOWER TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/02Total factory control, e.g. smart factories, flexible manufacturing systems [FMS] or integrated manufacturing systems [IMS]

Abstract

The present invention relates to one kind of multiple energy centralized monitoring system and monitoring methods thereof.Various energy resources centralized monitoring system comprises various energy resources measuring instrument, data transmission set and energy monitor terminal, various energy resources measuring instrument is wireless with data transmission set or to be wiredly connected respectively, and data transmission set is connected with energy monitor terminal by wireless network or cable network.Monitoring method is, data transmission set receives various types of multi-energy data that various energy resources measuring instrument is uploaded, various energy resources equipment, multiple interfaces are converted to unified consensus standard, realize the standardization of data access, and these data are assembled and integrated, be concentrated into data and report message, send to energy monitor terminal.The present invention can carry out centralized and unified monitoring management to a large amount of different types of energy, and installment and debugging is convenient, and administration interface is unified, is convenient to Timeliness coverage fault, deals with in time, improves the efficiency of management.

Description

Various energy resources centralized monitoring system and monitoring method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of monitoring system, particularly relate to a kind of across multiple energy field, the target energy of multiple energy field (as: electricity, water, gas etc.) can be carried out unifying monitoring, realize various energy resources centralized monitoring system and the monitoring method thereof of enterprise energy monitoring and automatic management.
Background technology
At present, in enterprise, the monitoring of electricity, water, gas equal energy source is generally all separately carried out separately, have different measuring instruments, connect different monitoring equipments.At present also not across the Centralizing inspection equipment of multiple energy field, when enterprise builds an energy management system, need by a large amount of equipment, interface, carry out installing and access, there is following defect:
(1) device category is many, and supplier of each side is many, technical support disperses force;
(2) interface is many, and debugging work load is large;
(3) administration interface disunity, easily there is management incomplete phenomena in Decentralization, easily carelessness trouble spot and incur loss through delay process opportunity, and the efficiency of management is lower.
Summary of the invention
The present invention mainly solves original monitoring to different energy sources and separately carries out separately, and device category is many, technical support disperses force, interface is many, and debugging work load is large, administration interface disunity, Decentralization, easily carelessness trouble spot and incur loss through delay process opportunity, the technical matters that the efficiency of management is lower; One kind of multiple energy centralized monitoring system and monitoring methods thereof are provided, it is by being converted to unified consensus standard by various energy resources equipment, multiple interfaces, centralized and unified monitoring management can be carried out to different types of energy, installment and debugging is convenient, administration interface is unified, be convenient to Timeliness coverage fault, deal with in time, improve the efficiency of management.
Above-mentioned technical matters of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals: various energy resources centralized monitoring system of the present invention, comprise various energy resources measuring instrument, data transmission set and energy monitor terminal, described various energy resources measuring instrument is wireless with described data transmission set or to be wiredly connected respectively, and described data transmission set is connected with described energy monitor terminal by wireless network or cable network.Data transmission set has a lot of interfaces, to adapt to the connection needs of variety classes energy monitoring instrument.Each energy monitoring instrument, it is no matter identical type or different types of, all the multi-energy data collected is sent to data transmission set, by data transmission set, these data are assembled and integrated, be concentrated into the data comprising all energy monitoring data and report message, then send to the energy monitor terminal being positioned at far-end.The difference that the energy position that energy monitoring instrument is monitored as required is arranged on plant area is local, and data transmission set is also arranged in plant area, in the management building that energy monitor terminal is generally arranged on enterprise or in upper management department.Therefore, pass through the present invention, related management person can be made to carry out centralized and unified monitoring management to a large amount of different types of energy, installment and debugging is convenient, administration interface is unified, is convenient to Timeliness coverage fault, deals with in time, improves the efficiency of management, effectively guarantee that enterprise produces normally to carry out, improve the security of producing.
As preferably, described data transmission set comprises CPU (central processing unit), push-button unit, display unit, multiple communication unit, network element and provides the power supply unit of operating voltage for whole data transmission set, and push-button unit, display unit, multiple communication unit and network element are connected with described CPU (central processing unit) respectively.Multiple communication unit can be identical type, also can be different types of, can be wired, also can be wireless, with the needs of applicable various energy resources measuring instrument, is convenient to install and be connected.Display unit adopts LCDs, and liquid crystal touch screen also can be adopted to realize push-button unit and display unit, with reduced volume.The multi-energy data that data transmission set is uploaded by communication unit reception energy monitoring instrument, by CPU (central processing unit) by various energy resources equipment, multiple interfaces is converted to unified consensus standard, Dynamic Definition is carried out to communication unit, comprise baud rate, check bit, communication protocol, data message resolution rules etc., realize the standardization of data access, and these data are assembled and integrated, be concentrated into one and comprise all energy monitoring data, the data of each energy monitoring instrument category identities and identify label report message, report message to send to these data to be positioned at the energy monitor terminal of far-end again by network element.
As preferably, described multiple communication units comprise Zigbee communication unit and multiple 485 communication interface units.Data transmission set carries out data communication by Zigbee communication unit with the energy monitoring instrument of Zigbee communication unit, carries out data communication by 485 communication interface units with the energy monitoring instrument of 485 communication interfaces.
As preferably, described network element is Ethernet unit and/or GPRS unit.Network element can adopt Ethernet unit, also can adopt GPRS unit, and preferred version is that existing Ethernet unit also has GPRS unit, can flexible choice for use as required.
As preferably, described energy monitoring instrument comprises the two or more instrument in ammeter, water meter, steam table, air table and energy harvester.Certainly, if the instrument that enterprise has other not enumerate, as tensimeter, thermometer, humidometer etc., also can be connected on data transmission set on demand here, be convenient to carry out centralized and unified management by energy monitor terminal.
The monitoring method of various energy resources centralized monitoring system of the present invention, comprises the steps:
1. the communication interface of described data transmission set to the energy monitoring instrument described in connection carries out parameter configuration, corresponding communication interface is opened according to the configuration parameter of communication interface, and open corresponding thread, the energy monitoring meter type that each thread configures according to communication interface, successively poll is carried out to described energy monitoring instrument, send data acquisition message after described energy monitoring instrument receives polling signal to described data transmission set;
2. described data transmission set, according to the parameter configuration of communication interface, is resolved the data acquisition message that energy monitoring instrument reports, then carries out integrity verification to the data after resolving;
The data that dissimilar energy monitoring instrument reports are weaved into the message of different-format by 3. described data transmission set, containing type mark and device identification in message, to distinguish different energy monitoring instrument, if any the unsanctioned energy monitoring instrument reported data of checking, then also comprise data invalid mark in message, again these depacketize are become an intensive data bag, send to described energy monitor terminal.
The multi-energy data collected all is sent to data transmission set by multiple, multiple energy monitoring instrument, by data transmission set, various energy resources equipment, multiple interfaces are converted to unified consensus standard, Dynamic Definition is carried out to communication unit, comprise baud rate, check bit, communication protocol, data message resolution rules etc., realize the standardization of data access, and these data are assembled and integrated, be concentrated into an intensive data bag, then send to the energy monitor terminal being positioned at far-end.Realize related management person and carry out centralized and unified monitoring management to a large amount of different types of energy, administration interface is unified, is convenient to Timeliness coverage fault, deals with in time, improves the efficiency of management, effectively guarantees that enterprise produces and normally carries out, improve the security of producing.
As preferably, described data transmission set comprises meter type mark, instrument identify label, communications parameter, communication protocol and data report cycle to the parameter configuration that communication interface carries out, described data transmission set carries out poll according to the data report cycle of setting to described energy monitoring instrument, and energy monitoring instrument timed sending data acquisition message gives described data transmission set.Realize the timing acquiring of various multi-energy data, timing reports.
As preferably, described data transmission set comprises overcurrent parameter to the parameter configuration that communication interface carries out, described step 2. in, data after parsing and the overcurrent parameter in parameter configuration also compare by data transmission set, judge that whether data are abnormal, if abnormal, then described data transmission set sends warning message to described energy monitor terminal.Overcurrent parameter, is the setting range of the normal parameter of the monitored energy, exceedes this scope and is exception.By reporting to the police, playing good reminding effect, being convenient to related management person and making respective handling in time, improve the efficiency of management further.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) fast, installment and debugging is convenient, to the enterprise installing energy monitoring instrument, transforms also very convenient in all kinds of energy monitoring instrument access;
(2) man-machine interface is friendly, succinctly understandable, and configuration is convenient, with low content of technology;
(3) can carry out centralized and unified monitoring management to different types of energy, administration interface is unified, is convenient to Timeliness coverage fault, deals with in time, improves the efficiency of management, effectively guarantees that enterprise produces and normally carries out, improve the security of producing;
(4) all kinds of multi-energy data Centralizing inspection, is more conducive to carrying out energy-conservation comprehensive analysis.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of system syndeton block diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a kind of circuit theory syndeton block diagram of data transmission set in the present invention.
1. energy monitoring instrument, 2. data transmission sets, 3. energy monitor terminal in figure, 11. ammeters, 12. water meters, 13. steam tables, 14. air tables, 15. energy harvester, 21. CPU (central processing unit), 22. power supply units, 23.Zigbee communication unit, 24.485 communication interface units, 25. Ethernet unit, 26.GPRS unit, 27. push-button units, 28. display units.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment: the various energy resources centralized monitoring system of the present embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, comprises various energy resources measuring instrument 1, data transmission set 2 and is positioned at the energy monitor terminal 3 of far-end.As shown in Figure 2, data transmission set 2 comprises CPU (central processing unit) 21, push-button unit 27, display unit 28, Zigbee communication unit 23, five 485 communication interface units 24, Ethernet unit 25, GPRS unit 26 and provides the power supply unit 22 of operating voltage for whole data transmission set, and push-button unit 27, display unit 28, Zigbee communication unit 23, five 485 communication interface units 24, Ethernet unit 25 and GPRS unit 26 are connected with CPU (central processing unit) 21 respectively.In the present embodiment, energy monitoring instrument 1 comprises ammeter 11, water meter 12, steam table 13, air table 14 and energy harvester 15, these instrument, what have is connected on 485 communication interface units 24 of data transmission set 2, and Zigbee communication unit 23 that is that have and data transmission set 2 carries out wireless telecommunications.Data transmission set 2 is connected with energy monitor terminal 3 by Ethernet unit 25 or GPRS unit 26, can choice for use Ethernet unit 25 or GPRS unit 26 flexibly according to installation environment or condition.
The monitoring method of above-mentioned various energy resources centralized monitoring system, comprises the steps:
1. data transmission set 2 carries out parameter configuration to Zigbee communication unit 23 and 485 communication interface unit being connected with energy monitoring instrument 1, comprise meter type mark, instrument identify label, communications parameter, communication protocol, data report cycle and overcurrent parameter, according to configuration parameter (as baud rate, check bit etc.) open corresponding communication unit, and open corresponding thread, the energy monitoring meter type that each thread configures according to communication unit, and according to the data report cycle of setting, poll is carried out to energy monitoring instrument 1, energy monitoring instrument 1 according to polling signal timed sending data acquisition message to data transmission set 2,
2. data transmission set 2 is according to the parameter configuration of communication interface, as meter type and communication protocol, the data acquisition message reported energy monitoring instrument 1 is resolved (as: ammeter DLT645-2007 stipulations, 0000FF00 is active energy message, and 0201FF00 is voltage message etc., the communication protocol supported has Modbus, DLT645-1997, DLT645-2007, electric power 101, electric power 103 etc.), again according to the verification mode (as: CRC16 that communication unit is arranged, CRC32 etc.) integrity verification is carried out to the data after resolving, and the data after parsing and the overcurrent parameter in parameter configuration are compared, judge that whether data are abnormal, if abnormal, then data transmission set 2 sends warning message to energy monitor terminal 3, warning message comprises meter type mark, instrument identify label and the energy survey parameter and the amount of transfiniting, be convenient to related personnel deal with in time,
3. the data that dissimilar energy monitoring instrument 1 reports are weaved into the message of different-format by data transmission set 2, containing type mark and device identification in message, to distinguish different energy monitoring instrument 1, message format is: 68+ frame length+type identification (01-electric power; 02-water; 03-air; 04-steam)+device identification+data type+data+School Affairs+16, as step 2. in have checking unsanctioned reported data, then also comprise data invalid mark in message, again these messages are converted to unified consensus standard, and be assembled into an intensive data bag, send to energy monitor terminal 3.
The present invention can make related management person carry out centralized and unified monitoring management to a large amount of different types of energy, and installment and debugging is convenient, and administration interface is unified, be convenient to Timeliness coverage fault, deal with in time, improve the efficiency of management, effectively guarantee that enterprise produces and normally carry out, improve the security of producing.

Claims (3)

1. the monitoring method of one kind of multiple energy centralized monitoring systems, it is characterized in that various energy resources centralized monitoring system comprises various energy resources measuring instrument (1), data transmission set (2) and energy monitor terminal (3), described various energy resources measuring instrument (1) is wireless with described data transmission set (2) or to be wiredly connected respectively, and described data transmission set (2) is connected with described energy monitor terminal (3) by wireless network or cable network; The monitoring method of various energy resources centralized monitoring system comprises the steps:
1. the communication interface of described data transmission set (2) to the energy monitoring instrument (1) described in connection carries out parameter configuration, corresponding communication interface is opened according to the configuration parameter of communication interface, and open corresponding thread, the energy monitoring meter type that each thread configures according to communication interface, successively poll is carried out to described energy monitoring instrument (1), send data acquisition message after described energy monitoring instrument (1) receives polling signal to described data transmission set (2);
2. described data transmission set (2), according to the parameter configuration of communication interface, is resolved the data acquisition message that energy monitoring instrument (1) reports, then carries out integrity verification to the data after resolving;
The data that dissimilar energy monitoring instrument (1) reports are weaved into the message of different-format by 3. described data transmission set (2), containing type mark and device identification in message, to distinguish different energy monitoring instrument (1), if any unsanctioned energy monitoring instrument (1) reported data of checking, then also comprise data invalid mark in message, again these depacketize are become an intensive data bag, send to described energy monitor terminal (3).
2. the monitoring method of various energy resources centralized monitoring system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described data transmission set (2) comprises meter type mark, instrument identify label, communications parameter, communication protocol and data report cycle to the parameter configuration that communication interface carries out, described data transmission set (2) carries out poll according to the data report cycle of setting to described energy monitoring instrument (1), and energy monitoring instrument (1) timed sending data acquisition message gives described data transmission set (2).
3. the monitoring method of various energy resources centralized monitoring system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that described data transmission set (2) comprises overcurrent parameter to the parameter configuration that communication interface carries out, described step 2. in, data after parsing and the overcurrent parameter in parameter configuration also compare by data transmission set (2), judge that whether data are abnormal, if abnormal, then described data transmission set (2) sends warning message to described energy monitor terminal (3).
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CN106643886A (en) * 2016-12-02 2017-05-10 淄博爱赛维斯网络技术服务有限公司 Solar thermal energy metering, monitoring and collecting system and application method thereof
CN106597901B (en) * 2016-12-22 2019-03-29 广州邦讯信息系统有限公司 Distributed Integration managing power consumption and analysis method and system based on cloud service
CN109086032A (en) * 2018-06-28 2018-12-25 山东鲁能智能技术有限公司 It is a kind of to adapt to integrated power supply monitoring method and device entirely
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