CN103397531A - Matte finishing method and low-temperature low-alkali production method of cotton fabrics - Google Patents

Matte finishing method and low-temperature low-alkali production method of cotton fabrics Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103397531A
CN103397531A CN2013103617988A CN201310361798A CN103397531A CN 103397531 A CN103397531 A CN 103397531A CN 2013103617988 A CN2013103617988 A CN 2013103617988A CN 201310361798 A CN201310361798 A CN 201310361798A CN 103397531 A CN103397531 A CN 103397531A
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low
temperature
cotton
machine
dyeing
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CN2013103617988A
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Inventor
张俊峰
高炳生
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FUJIAN ZHONGHE Co Ltd
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FUJIAN ZHONGHE Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a matte finishing method and a low-temperature low-alkali production method of cotton fabrics, wherein, the matte finishing method comprises following steps: throwing cotton fabrics, which have been subjected to a pre-treatment, into matte operating liquid to carry out a treatment: heating from the room temperature, controlling the temperature to rise by 2 to 5 DEG C every minute until the temperature arrives at 55 to 60 DEG C after the liquid is added with a cationic auxiliary, then adding cellulase into the liquid, maintaining the temperature to carry out a treatment for 25 to 35 minutes, and then washing at the room temperature, wherein the matte operating liquid comprises following components in percentage by weight: 1 to 3% of cellulase and 2 to 4% of cationic modifying agent, temperature is 55 to 60 DEG C, and the pH value is 5.5 to 6. The low-temperature low-alkali production method comprises the matte finishing method mentioned above. The matte finishing method and the low-temperature low-alkali production method of cotton fabrics can improve the dyeing property of the fabrics, make the fabrics to obtain a good hand feeling and soft luster, thus fulfill the market requirement, and achieve the goals of energy saving and emission reduction.

Description

Cotton machine is weaved cotton cloth, and inferior light is processed and the low alkali production method of low temperature
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of textiles, relate in particular to cotton machine and weave cotton cloth that inferior light is processed and the low alkali production method of low temperature.
Background technology
The tradition cotton adopts that the rear caustic soda high temperature destarch boiling-off of singing, oxygen float, alkali mercerized processing poststaining, the violent swelling of cotton fiber in the mercerising process, and fiber cross section is by the irregular rule that is tending towards, and wool effect of the fabric, whiteness, gloss and dyeability increase substantially.COTTON FABRIC gloss, dyeability are good after this PROCESS FOR TREATMENT, but fabric feeling is not good enough, need follow-up various soft finishes to improve and improve.This technique alkali charge is large, and production environment is poor, and the salkali waste processing cost in producing is high, and the sewage effluent CODcr of institute and pH value are high, and be large to the pollution of environment, is the main bugbear of printing and dyeing mill's sewage disposal., in view of these problems of traditional handicraft, need a kind of new technique of exploitation.
Summary of the invention
Inferior light is processed and the low alkali production method of low temperature to the object of the present invention is to provide cotton machine to weave cotton cloth, to solve the above-mentioned problems in the prior art.
Technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
The cotton machine inferior light processing method of weaving cotton cloth, comprise the steps:
To be dropped in through the COTTON FABRIC semi-products of pre-treatment in inferior light working solution and process: room temperature heats up, add cationic auxiliary after 2-5 ℃/min be warming up to 55-60 ℃, then add the cellulase insulation and process 25-35min → normal temperature washing, wherein, inferior light working solution comprises
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, cellulase can adopt cellulase DM-8628 (Guangdong Demei Fine Chemical Co., Ltd.) or cellulase DM-8(Fujian Province Jinjiang Xindemei Chemical Co., Ltd) or cellulase YX-666(silver sound fine chemistry industry scientific and technological development Co., Ltd) or cellulase (Foshan Yu Min weaving chemical industry Co., Ltd), or ferment BS-X01(Dongguan City blue sky wound reaches chemical industry Co., Ltd).Wherein preferably adopt cellulase DM-8628.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, described cation modifier is quaternary ammonium salt polymer.The cation modifier AKD-GX(quaternary ammonium salt polymer that specifically can adopt Xiamen An Keda chemical industry Co., Ltd to produce) or the cation modifier GX-H23(quaternary ammonium salt polymer produced of Guangzhou King Eagle Biochemical Co., Ltd.) or the cation modifier BST-N788A(quaternary ammonium salt polymer produced of the special leather Materials Co., Ltd of Fujian bass) or the cation modifier HH-168A(quaternary ammonium salt polymer produced of Guangdong Heng Hua Fine Chemical Co., Ltd).The preferred cation modifier AKD-GX that adopts.
The cotton machine low alkali production method of low temperature of weaving cotton cloth, comprise the steps:
(1) biology enzyme destarch;
(2) the low soda boiling of airflow machine low temperature is floated;
(3) inferior light is processed, as previously mentioned;
(4) dyeing;
(5) upper gentle → mechanical soft finish → little stenter preshrunk → finished product, this step be treated to prior art.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, the desizing flow process of step (1) is: 55-65 ℃ * 5-15min of 55-65 ℃ * 40-50min of lower cloth destarch → cleaning 55-65 ℃ * 5-15min → secondary washing
Wherein, destarch working solution prescription (g/l)
Starch destarch enzyme 4-6g/L
Bleeding agent 2-4g/L
The desizing condition
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, described starch destarch enzyme adopts high temperature desizing agent BS-GT1(Dongguan City blue sky wound to reach chemical industry Co., Ltd)
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, bleeding agent adopts bleeding agent 206(Shenzhen holy waffle work Co., Ltd) or alkali resistance penetrating agent YX-307(silver sound fine chemistry industry scientific and technological development Co., Ltd).Preferred bleeding agent 206. wherein
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, the low soda boiling of step (2) airflow machine low temperature is floated:
Bath raio: 1:4-6; 55-65 ℃ * 5-15min of 60-70 ℃ * 50-60min → cleaning 55-65 ℃ * 5-15min → secondary washing;
Formula:
Wherein, the refining enzyme W of the preferred Xiamen of refining enzyme and rich and emerging commerce and trade Co., Ltd, or Denmark Novi believes the refining enzyme 301 of Bioisystech Co., Ltd.
Activation of Hydrogen Peroxide Solution agent DM-1430 is that Guangdong dolantin Fine Chemical Co., Ltd produces.
The low temperature refining is floated altax-1370 for for Guangdong dolantin Fine Chemical Co., Ltd, producing.
Hydrogen peroxide stabilizer HS-332 is that Shanghai great letter chemical industry Co., Ltd produces.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, wherein, the dyeing of step (4) is carried out in dyeing machine,
Airflow machine technique (g/l)
REACTIVE DYES can be selected as required, for example selects NC yellow red or blue (Hensel steps).
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, precious DXB-626 in the bath that in bath, precious employing Fujian Province Jinjiang Xindemei Chemical Co., Ltd produces.
In preferred embodiment of the present invention, bleeding agent adopts bleeding agent 206(Shenzhen holy waffle work Co., Ltd) or alkali resistance penetrating agent YX-307(silver sound fine chemistry industry scientific and technological development Co., Ltd).
Seen from the above description, the invention provides a kind of cotton machine low alkali treatment method of low temperature of weaving cotton cloth, adopt method of the present invention, both improved the textile dyeing performance, can make again fabric obtain good feel and soft gloss, the demand of so both catering to market, the while is realized again the purpose of energy-saving and emission-reduction.The present invention find to adopt the dyeing and finishing auxiliarieses such as biological enzyme technology and cation modifier to fabric treating can be in various degree raising fabric treating feel and dyeability, on this basis, by a large amount of successes of the test, developed inferior light treatment process.Find the feel of the rear fabric of inferior light processing by production practices, dyeability meets or exceeds the treatment effect of traditional mercerization.Production cost (comprising conserve water, electricity, vapour, alkali etc.) reduces greatly.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
Weave specification: 18tex/28tex, 567/10cm * 299/10cm(100% is cotton)
Technological process
Singe → the low soda boiling of biology enzyme destarch → airflow machine low temperature floats → inferior light processes → dyeing → upper gentle → mechanical soft finish → little stenter preshrunk → finished product
1 biology enzyme destarch
In the destarch operation, selected high temperature destarch enzyme to process fabric., by capillary effect, whiteness, brute force and the cloth cover cotton seed hulls distribution situation of processing rear fabric, optimize and adopt biology enzyme to reach traditional destarch purpose production technology.
The desizing flow process
60 ℃ * 45min of lower cloth → 60 ℃ of cleanings * 10min → 60 ℃ * 10min of secondary washing
Destarch working solution (g/l)
High temperature destarch enzyme BS-GT1(Dongguan City blue sky wound reaches chemical industry Co., Ltd) 5g/L
Bleeding agent 206(Shenzhen holy waffle work Co., Ltd) 3g/L
The desizing condition
2, the low soda boiling refining of low temperature oxygen bleaching-bathing is processed with traditional soda boiling bleaching process and is compared
(1), after destarch, adopt the low soda boiling refining of low temperature oxygen bleaching-bathing:
Formula:
Bath raio: the heavy 59.5kg water consumption of 1:5(cloth 300L) 60 ℃ * 60min → 60 ℃ * 10min of cleaning secondary washing.
(2), two bath process are floated in traditional soda boiling
A, boiling-off equipment: the LMH021-180 open width is boiled and is floated machine
Formula:
Pad working solution (50-60 ℃ of temperature, pick-up rate 100%) → gas and steam that (102 ℃ of temperature, time 50-60min) → go out, 95 ℃ of hot water wash → Warm Wash of steaming box → rolling oxygen floated working solution.
B, oxygen float:
Technology preparation:
Technique:
Pad working solution (normal temperature pick-up rate 100%) → decatize (temperature 95--100 ℃ of time 45-60min) → go out 95 ℃ of hot water wash → Warm Wash of steaming box.
The low soda boiling bleaching-bathing technological experiment result contrast of table 1 high temperature alkali cooking bleaching process and low temperature
The low soda boiling bleaching-bathing technique of low temperature is little to fabric damage than conventional high-temperature soda boiling bleaching process as shown in Table 1, and the fabric strength loss is less than conventional high-temperature soda boiling bleaching process.Because single bath process boils and floats Main Function in the fabric face layer fabric, so capillary effect, whiteness slightly are inferior to traditional handicraft.Yin Ya light cotton dyeing cloth adopts the airflow dyeing dyeing, namely belongs to hygrometric state dyeing, and dip-dye semi-products capillary effect reaches 8.3cm/30min and can meet the dyeing requirement.
3 inferior light are processed
For improving feel and the dye-uptake of COTTON FABRIC, it has been carried out inferior light PROCESS FOR TREATMENT, the purpose of inferior light technique is to make fabric in the situation that need not be through the processing of traditional mercerization, obtains good dyeability, special cloth cover effect and feel and the soft gloss of cloth cover.Adopt biology enzyme to process and improve appearance of fabrics fiber polishing, Cationic aid is processed fabric the way that cotton fiber modification raising dyeability combines, to reach the purpose of improving fabric feeling and improving dyeability.Cationic auxiliary dyes seat to the cotton fiber interpolation of fabric, make it contain active hydrogen and reactive functional groups, cationic auxiliary is penetrated into meeting polymerization reaction take place behind cotton fiber inside, formation is with the macromolecular compound of positive charge, make cotton fiber not electronegative, and, with upper certain positive charge, promote that it can be by Coulomb force and dyeing anion binding when dyeing.
(1) COTTON FABRIC semi-products (through the boiling, bleaching-bathing pre-treatment) are processed in following inferior light working solution.
Add the cellulase insulation after room temperature intensification (after adding cation modifier, 3 ℃/min is warming up to 55 ℃) and process 30min → normal temperature washing, the results are shown in Table 2.
The inferior light result of table 2
(annotate: ultimate strength, capillary effect are the semi-products index)
Can be found out by experimental result, brute force, capillary effect, COLOR FASTNESS, each index comprehensive of whiteness are considered, the effect of cellulase DM-8628 and cation modifier AKD-GX combination has reached traditional mercerization process after the every inherent index of semi-products, make again textile dyeing after every physical index reach ideal effect.
4, dyeing
Airflow machine dyeing flow process
Lower cloth → intensification (room temperature → 85 ℃/10min) → dyeing (85 ℃ * 30min) → add 85 ℃ * 30min of soda ash fixation → clean → soap (95 ℃ * 30min) → clean
Airflow machine technique (g/l)
Selected yellow, red, blue, three colors prescription carries out the airflow dyeing experiment with the semi-products that the semi-products after the low soda boiling bleaching-bathing of low temperature, inferior light PROCESS FOR TREATMENT and traditional soda boiling refining oxygen float alkali mercerized processing respectively, by data such as counterstain effect and physical indexs, judges.
Airflow dyeing is compared and can be reduced water consumption with traditional handicraft, realizes promoting energy-saving and emission-reduction production purpose.Airflow dyeing dyes cotton bath raio can be reduced to 1:5, but under the ultra-low bath ratio condition, dyestuff is easy to reunite and assemble, after dyestuff reunion or gathering, greatly affect the dyeing ability of dyestuff, produce and dye defect or uneven dyeing phenomenon, the sodium alkyl sulfonate series of surfactants has good compatibilization to dyestuff, dye molecule can increase-volume in surfactant micella, simultaneously the high concentration dyestuff is had depolymerization.
Airflow machine dyeing flow process
Lower cloth → intensification (room temperature → 85 ℃/10min) → dyeing (add Na2SO485 ℃ * 30min) → add the soda ash fixation (85 ℃ * 30min) → clean → soap (95 ℃ * 30min) → clean
Table 8 Coloration experiment result
Can be found out by table 8 result, COTTON FABRIC adopts the low soda boiling bleaching-bathing pre-treatment of low temperature and inferior light treatment process, fabric strength, fastness, slightly be better than floating mercerization through traditional soda boiling oxygen, from the environmental protection and energy saving this respect, short liquor ratio low-temperature blanching one bath process, inferior light treatment process, save water, electricity, gas, dye material, the using environment-friendly dyeing and finishing auxiliaries, alleviate treatment pressure of sewage, both improved economic benefit, reduce again the pollution to environment.
3 conclusions
(1) the low soda boiling bleaching-bathing technique of cotton fabrics low temperature is little to fabric damage than conventional high-temperature soda boiling bleaching process, and the fabric strength loss is less than conventional high-temperature soda boiling bleaching process.The semi-products capillary effect reaches 8.3cm/30min and has met the dyeing requirement.
(2) cotton fabrics adopts the inferior optical processing technique processing that extra small bath raio cationic auxiliary biology enzyme one is bathed, and textile dyeing is respond well, and every physical index meets or exceeds traditional mercerization semi-products Color.
(3) cotton fabrics adopts the low short flow process dyeing and finishing technology of alkali of short liquor ratio low temperature, the technical finesse of inferior photoproduction production. art, save water, electricity, gas, dye material, whole process application environmental protection dyeing and finishing auxiliaries, alleviate treatment pressure of sewage, both improved Business Economic Benefit, reduced again the pollution to environment, and this dyeing product to have a color and luster soft, the glutinous gentle individual style that waits of feel, complementary with traditional handicraft cotton fabrics product formation.
The optimization that the inferior light of embodiment 2 is processed
Basic identical with embodiment 1, difference is that in 3 inferior light were processed, the condition of employing was:
The consumption of cellulase is 2%, the consumption of cation modifier is 2.5%,, the reaction time is that 30min, PH are 6, temperature is 60 ℃.Compare (in Table 7) with normal mercerization finish result
Table 7 result

Claims (6)

1. the cotton machine inferior light processing method of weaving cotton cloth, comprise the steps:
To be dropped in through the COTTON FABRIC semi-products of pre-treatment in inferior light working solution and process: room temperature heats up, add cationic auxiliary after 2-5 ℃/min be warming up to 55-60 ℃, then add the cellulase insulation and process 25-35min → normal temperature washing, wherein, inferior light working solution comprises
2. the cotton machine as claimed in claim 1 inferior light processing method of weaving cotton cloth, it is characterized in that: described cation modifier is quaternary ammonium salt polymer.
3. the cotton machine low alkali production method of low temperature of weaving cotton cloth, comprise the steps:
(1) biology enzyme destarch;
(2) the low soda boiling of airflow machine low temperature is floated;
(3) inferior light is processed: its working solution and flow process are as claimed in claim 1;
(4) dyeing;
(5) upper softening → mechanical soft finish → little stenter preshrunk → finished product.
4. the cotton machine as claimed in claim 3 low alkali production method of low temperature of weaving cotton cloth, it is characterized in that: the desizing flow process of step (1) is: 55-65 ℃ * 40-50min of lower cloth destarch → cleanings 55-65 ℃ * 5-15min → secondary is washed 55-65 ℃ * 5-15min.
Wherein, working solution prescription
Starch destarch enzyme 4-6g/L
Bleeding agent 2-4g/L
The desizing condition
5. cotton machine as claimed in claim 3 is weaved cotton cloth and hanged down the alkali production method, it is characterized in that: the low soda boiling of step (2) airflow machine low temperature is floated:
Bath raio: 1:4-6; The washing of 60-70 ℃ * 50-60min → cleaning 55-65 ℃ * 5-15min → secondary;
Formula:
6. the cotton machine as claimed in claim 3 low alkali production method of low temperature of weaving cotton cloth, it is characterized in that: wherein, the dyeing of step (4) is carried out in airflow dyeing machine
Airflow machine technology preparation (g/l)
CN2013103617988A 2013-08-19 2013-08-19 Matte finishing method and low-temperature low-alkali production method of cotton fabrics Pending CN103397531A (en)

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Cited By (5)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105178037A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-23 江南大学 Method for conducting cotton fabric polishing finishing by modifying neutral cellulase through cationization
CN106283668A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 无锡红豆居家服饰有限公司 A kind of use airflow machine that the biopolishing on all-cotton fabric surface is processed technique
CN106702776A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-05-24 黄河科技学院 Water hyacinth dyed organic cotton and preparation method and application thereof
CN108625065A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-10-09 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 A kind of cotton fabric textile matt production processing method
CN110616559A (en) * 2019-10-10 2019-12-27 江苏新瑞贝科技股份有限公司 Fabric complex enzyme low-alkali desizing, scouring and bleaching auxiliary agent and treatment method

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105178037A (en) * 2015-10-12 2015-12-23 江南大学 Method for conducting cotton fabric polishing finishing by modifying neutral cellulase through cationization
CN106283668A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 无锡红豆居家服饰有限公司 A kind of use airflow machine that the biopolishing on all-cotton fabric surface is processed technique
CN106702776A (en) * 2017-01-18 2017-05-24 黄河科技学院 Water hyacinth dyed organic cotton and preparation method and application thereof
CN108625065A (en) * 2018-05-03 2018-10-09 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 A kind of cotton fabric textile matt production processing method
WO2019210527A1 (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-11-07 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 Matte production processing method for cotton fabric textile
CN110616559A (en) * 2019-10-10 2019-12-27 江苏新瑞贝科技股份有限公司 Fabric complex enzyme low-alkali desizing, scouring and bleaching auxiliary agent and treatment method

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