CN103395341A - Telescopic folding type wheel demounting device - Google Patents

Telescopic folding type wheel demounting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103395341A
CN103395341A CN2012105570820A CN201210557082A CN103395341A CN 103395341 A CN103395341 A CN 103395341A CN 2012105570820 A CN2012105570820 A CN 2012105570820A CN 201210557082 A CN201210557082 A CN 201210557082A CN 103395341 A CN103395341 A CN 103395341A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
folding
support
fork
telescopic
pin
Prior art date
Application number
CN2012105570820A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103395341B (en
Inventor
张洪汛
金贵林
高俊
孟芳
勾频
Original Assignee
武汉科技大学
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Application filed by 武汉科技大学 filed Critical 武汉科技大学
Priority to CN201210557082.0A priority Critical patent/CN103395341B/en
Publication of CN103395341A publication Critical patent/CN103395341A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103395341B publication Critical patent/CN103395341B/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a telescopic folding type wheel demounting device. According to the technical scheme, a side support (19) is fixedly connected with a folding beam (8), a movable side support (14) is connected with a sliding folding beam (16) in a sleeved mode, the folding beam (8) and the sliding folding beam (16) are connected with a transverse beam (11) through hinges (17) in a hinged mode and are fixed through locating pins (10), and therefore a foldable U-type frame is formed. Oscillating bar lifting mechanisms are arranged on the side support (19) and the movable side support (14) respectively, wherein the oscillating bar lifting mechanisms are formed by rolling barrels (4), folding oscillating bars (5), rotating shafts (7) and reduction boxes (6), and universal wheels (9) are arranged below the oscillating bar lifting mechanisms. Upright rods (3), rotating pins (2) and handrails (1) are arranged on the transverse beam (11). The folding beam (8) and the sliding folding beam (16) are folded in the direction towards the inner portion of the frame at the two ends of the transverse beam (11) through the hinges, the handrails (1) sleeved with the upright rods (3) are pulled out and can be rotated around the rotating pins (2) to be folded, and the distance between the movable side support (14) and the side support (19) can be adjusted by pulling out a support pin (13) to adapt to the demounting of wheels of different diameters. The telescopic folding type wheel demounting device can be stored in a folded mode, the diameters of supported wheels are adjustable, and vehicle-mounted wheels of automobiles or engineering machines can be dismounted or mounted conveniently.

Description

The stripping assembly of telescopic folding type wheel
  
Technical field
The invention belongs to the wheel dismounting device technical field.Be specifically related to a kind of attaching/detaching apparatus for wheel.
  
Background technology
Wheel is changed and the wheel dismounting is the important content of vehicle maintenance, the large-scale removable equipment such as heavy motor vehicle and large-scale engineering machinery weighs greatly because of its bearing capacity big wheel, the complicated wheel wearing and tearing of wheel usage condition and damage are accelerated, the important content that becomes these large-scale removable equipment maintenances is safeguarded and changed to wheel, the massive large-scale wheel of dismounting is a difficulty, the time-consuming work of effort again, particularly at equipment, uses under on-the-spot and field condition more wheel change.The demolition and maintenance of wheel at present, after unclamping bolt of rear end plate by the repairman, need several repairmans manually to lift wheel and realize the wheel dismounting or install, and repairman people's labour intensity is large, and inefficiency is adjusted difficulty with installing.
At present, the instrument that the dismounting wheel uses mostly is the main equipment that uses in workshop, as removing and installing wheel with crane, using forklift lifting removing vehicle tyres or outstanding V shape wheel lifting mechanism dismounting wheel etc., heavy because this class wheel dismantling devices complex structure, volume are large, in use adjust the centering difficulty, can't carry or vehicle-mounted, therefore generally be used for the wheel dismounting at workshop or place, definite place, can't meet Large-scale Mobile equipment wheel in work-site or open-air replacing.in existing technology, " a kind of swing link type wheel dismounting device (CN201756039) " patented technology, the fork lifting mechanism that adopts makes wheel install to have and adjusts preferably centering, simple in structure, easy to operate lighter with weight, but owing to adopting two of fixing " U " type shape framework to be arranged symmetrically with the fork lifting mechanism above side stand on structure, make the volume of wheel dismounting device relatively large, carry or need to decompose to reduce its collection volume by the dismounting to wheel dismounting device when vehicle-mounted, need to re-start assembling to wheel dismounting device during use, and relatively more bothersome and time-consuming, increased the service working time when wheel dismounting device uses, have influence on alerting ability that swing link type wheel dismounting device uses and with the portability of car.Fixing " U " type shape framed structure due to what adopt, between two side stands, size immobilizes, swing link type wheel dismounting device is only applicable to the lifting dismounting to single diameter wheel, be not suitable for the lifting dismounting to many specifications different-diameter wheel, have influence on the scope that swing link type wheel dismounting device uses.
  
Summary of the invention
The present invention is intended to overcome the prior art defect, purpose be to provide a kind of simple in structure, convenient folding, commonality is good, a kind of telescopic folding type wheel stripping assembly of applicable many diameters wheel dismounting
For achieving the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: side stand is fixedly connected on folded beam, the active side carrying sleeve is connected on the slip plated beam and is fixed by the bracket pins of inserting in the support pin-and-hole, folded beam and slip plated beam are hinged by hinge and crossbeam, fixed by the locating dowel pin that inserts pin-and-hole, form folding " U " type shape framework; The fork lifting mechanism that consists of cylinder, folding fork, rotating shaft and reductor is housed respectively at side stand with above the active side support, below side stand and active side support two ends, cardan wheel is housed respectively; Vertical rod is arranged on crossbeam, ship and resell on another market and handrail.
In technique scheme: the hinge arrangement at crossbeam two ends, at the interior side direction of collapsible " U " type shape framework, is equipped with the flute profile locating plate of opening towards hinge direction at the hinged end place of folded beam and slip plated beam.
In technique scheme: the length of sliding folding beam is greater than the width of 2 times of side stands, is distributed with on the sliding folding beam for the fixing support pin-and-hole of travel(l)ing rest, and fixedly travel(l)ing rest also can adopt spiral compression to fix.。
In technique scheme: armrest sheath is connected in vertical rod, at the telescopic end of vertical rod, is provided with and ships and resell on another market, and at the telescopic end of handrail, is provided with microscler pin-and-hole, and handrail and vertical rod can be adopted square tube or pipe.
In technique scheme: folding fork, by upper folding fork and lower folding fork that fork is hinged, has locating plate and hole to fix with pin and lower folding fork on upper folding fork.
Owing to adopting technique scheme: crossbeam of the present invention two ends hinge arrangement, at the interior side direction of collapsible " U " type shape framework, is convenient to folded beam and slip plated beam inwardly folding around crossbeam; Be equipped with the flute profile locating plate of opening towards hinge direction at the hinged end place of folded beam and slip plated beam, spacing when being used for folded beam and slip plated beam and launching on crossbeam and supporting, make plated beam, slip plated beam and crossbeam point-blank, increase the load-carrying capacity of " U " type shape framework.
The length of sliding folding beam of the present invention, greater than the width of 2 times of side stands, makes the active side support that larger adjustment distance be arranged on the sliding folding beam, enlarges different-diameter wheel lifting scope and produces interference with side stand while avoiding the active side support-folding; The active side support that is socketed on the sliding folding beam is fixed with the support locating dowel pin that inserts in the support pin-and-hole, also can adopt spiral hold-down mechanism to realize active side support fixing on the sliding folding beam.
Armrest sheath of the present invention is connected in vertical rod, be provided with and ship and resell on another market at the telescopic end of vertical rod, telescopic end at handrail is provided with microscler pin-and-hole, upwards extracts duration shaped pin hole lower end when handrail and forms a rotating fulcrum with shipping and reselling on another market to contact, and the handrail pin that can rotate rotates and realizes that handrail is folding; The upper end of inserting the duration shaped pin hole when handrail downwards contacts spacingly with shipping and reselling on another market, and armrest portion is inserted in vertical rod and is fixed by socket and is integrated; Handrail and vertical rod can be adopted square tube or pipe.
Therefore, that the present invention has is simple in structure, convenient folding and expansion, volume is little and highly versatile, is fit to workshop and open-air the use.
  
Description of drawings
Figure l is a kind of structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the part enlarged diagram of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1
Fig. 4 is the part enlarged diagram of Fig. 3
Fig. 5 is Fig. 1's " U " type shape framework foldable structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is the full foldable structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1
The specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, is not the restriction to its protection domain:
The stripping assembly of telescopic folding type wheel, its structure as shown in figures 1 and 3, side stand 19 is fixedly connected on folded beam 8, active side support 14 is socketed on slip plated beam 16 fixing by the bracket pins 13 of inserting in support pin-and-hole 15, folded beam 8 and slip plated beam 16 are hinged by hinge 17 and crossbeam 11, fixing by the locating dowel pin 10 that inserts pin-and-hole 18, form folding " U " type shape framework; The fork lifting mechanism that consists of cylinder 4, fork [5], rotating shaft [7] and reductor 6 is housed respectively at side stand 19 with above active side support 14, below side stand 19 and active side support 14 two ends, cardan wheel 9 is housed respectively; Vertical rod 3 is arranged on crossbeam 11, ship and resell on another market 2 and handrail 1.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the hinge 17 at crossbeam 11 two ends is arranged in the interior side direction of collapsible " U " type shape framework, is equipped with the flute profile locating plate 12 of opening towards hinge 17 directions at the hinged end place of folded beam 8 and slip plated beam 16.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the length of sliding folding beam 16 is greater than the width of 2 times of side stands 19, is socketed in the bracket pins 13 that active side support 14 use on sliding folding beam 16 insert in support pin-and-hole 15 fixing, also can adopt spiral compression to fix.
As shown in Figure 6, handrail 1 is socketed in vertical rod 3, at the telescopic end of vertical rod 3, is provided with and ships and resell on another market 2, at the telescopic end of handrail 1, is provided with microscler pin-and-hole, pulls out duration shaped pin hole lower end and 2 contact with shipping and reselling on another market on handrail 1, and handrail realizes that rotatably handrail is folding; Handrail and vertical rod can be adopted square tube or pipe.
As shown in Figure 2, folding fork 5, by upper folding fork 20 and lower folding fork 25 that fork hinge 21 connects, has locating plate 22 and hole 24 use pins 23 fixing with lower folding fork 25 on upper folding fork 20.
In this specific embodiment, crossbeam 11 two ends hinges 17 are arranged in the interior side direction of collapsible " U " type shape framework, are convenient to folded beam 8 and slip plated beam 16 inwardly folding around crossbeam 11; Be equipped with the flute profile locating plate 12 of opening towards hinge 17 directions at the hinged end place of folded beam 8 and slip plated beam 16, spacing and supporting when being used for folded beam 8 and slip plated beam 16 and launching on crossbeam 11, make folded beam 8, slip plated beam 16 and the crossbeam 11 can be point-blank and the load-carrying capacity of increase " U " type shape framework.
In this specific embodiment, the length of sliding folding beam 16 is greater than the width of 2 times of side stands 19, make active side support 14 that larger adjustment distance be arranged on sliding folding beam 16, enlarge the lifting scope of different-diameter wheel and produce interference with side stand 19 while avoiding active side support 14 folding; Be socketed in the bracket pins 13 that active side support 14 use on sliding folding beam 16 insert in support pin-and-hole 15 fixing, also can adopt spiral hold-down mechanism to realize fixing on sliding folding beam 16 of active side support 14.
In this specific embodiment, handrail 1 is socketed in vertical rod 3, be provided with and ship and resell on another market 2 at the telescopic end of vertical rod 3, telescopic end at handrail 1 is provided with microscler pin-and-hole, pulls out duration shaped pin hole lower end and 2 contact and form a rotating fulcrum with shipping and reselling on another market on handrail 1, and handrail realizes that rotatably handrail is folding; The upper end of inserting the duration shaped pin hole when handrail 1 downwards 2 contacts with shipping and reselling on another market, and is fixed by socket and is integrated in handrail 1 partial insertion vertical rod 3; Handrail and vertical rod can be adopted square tube or pipe.
This device uses embodiment
This folding device, extract pin [23] from the upper hole [24] of locating plate [22], folding fork [20] is rotated around fork hinge [21], with lower folding fork [25], presses close to, and realizes that fork is folding; The folded beam 8 that connects side stand 19 is inwardly turned 90 ° by hinge 17 around crossbeam 11 to be close to crossbeam 11, extract again bracket pins 13, with active side support 14 after the width of slip plated beam 16 miles of relative movement greater than folded beam 8, inwardly rotate slip plated beam 16, active side support 14 and side stand 19 are close to, and implementation framework is folding as shown in Figure 5; To be socketed in vertical rod 3 and 2 the handrail 1 of shipping and reselling on another market pulls up, the microscler pin-and-hole lower end of handrail 1 telescopic end 2 contact with shipping and reselling on another market, and handrail pin 2 rotations that can rotate, realize that handrail folds; Realize that by the folding of fork, framework and handrail this device volume reduces.
This device launches, and turns folding handrail 1 and vertical rod 3 point-blank, along vertical rod 3 directions, depresses handrail 1, and microscler pin-and-hole upper end 2 is contacted with shipping and reselling on another market, and plays spacing fixation in handrail 1 partial insertion vertical rod 3, the handrail expansion; Rotate expansion active side support 14 and make slip plated beam 16 and crossbeam 11 in a straight line, on flute profile locating plate 12 on pin-and-hole 18 and crossbeam 11 pin-and-hole overlapping, insert locating dowel pin 10 slip plated beam 16 and crossbeam 11 is locked fixing, rotate expansion side stand 19 and make plated beam 8 and crossbeam 11 in a straight line, on flute profile locating plate 12 on pin-and-hole 18 and crossbeam 11 pin-and-hole overlapping, insert locating dowel pin 10 plated beam 8 and crossbeam 11 is locked, framework launches fixing; In rotation, folding fork [20] rotates with lower folding fork [25] directly around fork hinge [21], and locating plate [22] is stuck on lower folding fork [25], and the upper hole [24] of locating plate [22] is overlapping with the hole of lower folding fork [25], inserts pin [23] fixing, and fork launches; Adjust active side support 14 position on slip plated beam 16 according to wheel diameter, and aim at respective holder pin-and-hole 15 rear insertion bracket pins 13, fixedly active side support 14 is fixed on slip plated beam 16, completes the adjustment of active side support.
The wheel lifting of this device, complete that handrail, framework, fork launch and after the active side support adjusts, and, by controlling folding fork 5 on travel(l)ing rest 14 and side stand 19 and the relative swing of cylinder 4, realizes wheel lifting and adjustment.When two folding forks 5 and cylinder 4 swing to the center of symmetry direction, the wheel lifting; When two folding forks 5 and cylinder 4 swung round about, wheel descended; When two folding forks 5 and cylinder 4 direction swing left, wheel moves to left; When two folding forks 5 and cylinder 4 swung to right, wheel moved to right.
Therefore, that this specific embodiment has is simple in structure, convenient folding, folded volume is little and highly versatile, is automotive wheel or the engineering machinery wheel dismounting that is fit to different site conditions and different-diameter.

Claims (5)

1. telescopic folding type wheel stripping assembly, it is characterized in that: side stand [19] is fixedly connected on folded beam [8], it is upper fixing by the bracket pins [13] of inserting in support pin-and-hole [15] that active side support [14] is socketed in slip plated beam [16], folded beam [8] and slip plated beam [16] are hinged by hinge [17] and crossbeam [11], fixing by the locating dowel pin [10] that inserts pin-and-hole [18], form folding " U " type shape framework; The fork lifting mechanism that consists of cylinder [4], folding fork [5], rotating shaft [7] and reductor [6] is housed respectively at side stand [19] with above active side support [14], below side stand [19] and active side support [14] two ends, cardan wheel [9] is housed respectively; Vertical rod [3] is arranged on crossbeam [11], ship and resell on another market [2] and handrail [1].
2. telescopic folding type wheel according to claim 1 stripping assembly, it is characterized in that the hinge [17] at described crossbeam [11] two ends is arranged in the interior side direction of collapsible " U " type shape framework, is equipped with the flute profile locating plate [12] of opening towards hinge [17] direction at the hinged end place of folded beam [8] and slip plated beam [16].
3. telescopic folding type wheel according to claim 1 stripping assembly, it is characterized in that the width of the length of described sliding folding beam [16] greater than 2 times of side stands [19], be distributed with on sliding folding beam [16] for the fixing support pin-and-hole [15] of travel(l)ing rest [14], fixedly travel(l)ing rest [14] also can adopt spiral compression to fix.
4. telescopic folding type wheel according to claim 1 stripping assembly, it is characterized in that described handrail [1] is socketed in vertical rod [3], telescopic end in vertical rod [3] is provided with ship and resell on another market [2], at the telescopic end of handrail [1], is provided with microscler pin-and-hole, and handrail and vertical rod can be adopted square tube or pipe.
5. telescopic folding type wheel according to claim 1 stripping assembly, it is characterized in that described folding fork [5] by upper folding fork [20] and lower folding fork [25] that fork hinge [21] connects, have locating plate [22] and hole [24] fixing with pin [23] and lower folding fork [25] on upper folding fork [20].
CN201210557082.0A 2012-12-20 2012-12-20 The stripping assembly of telescopic folding type wheel CN103395341B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103395341B CN103395341B (en) 2015-10-21

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105110235A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-02 浙江立福达机械股份有限公司 Tyre lifting device
CN105667206A (en) * 2014-11-19 2016-06-15 中国航空工业集团公司西安飞机设计研究所 Portable wheel disassembling and assembling device
CN110921553A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-03-27 新昌县知贝机械有限公司 Folding type swing rod lifting device for heavy-duty automobile tire

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2742696A1 (en) * 1995-12-20 1997-06-27 Paquier Bernard Charles Henri Wheel lifter for use when changing vehicle wheels
CN2830125Y (en) * 2005-07-19 2006-10-25 中国人民解放军第二炮兵装备研究院第三研究所 Fast tyre replacer
WO2010000018A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2010-01-07 Wilhelmsen Manufacturing Australia Pty Limited Aircraft tyre stillage
CN201756039U (en) * 2010-07-20 2011-03-09 武汉科技大学 Swing link type wheel dismounting device
CN102320218A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-01-18 武汉科技大学 Fork-type disassembling device used for large tyre
CN202986674U (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-06-12 武汉科技大学 Foldable wheel dismounting device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2742696A1 (en) * 1995-12-20 1997-06-27 Paquier Bernard Charles Henri Wheel lifter for use when changing vehicle wheels
CN2830125Y (en) * 2005-07-19 2006-10-25 中国人民解放军第二炮兵装备研究院第三研究所 Fast tyre replacer
WO2010000018A1 (en) * 2008-06-30 2010-01-07 Wilhelmsen Manufacturing Australia Pty Limited Aircraft tyre stillage
CN201756039U (en) * 2010-07-20 2011-03-09 武汉科技大学 Swing link type wheel dismounting device
CN102320218A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-01-18 武汉科技大学 Fork-type disassembling device used for large tyre
CN202986674U (en) * 2012-12-20 2013-06-12 武汉科技大学 Foldable wheel dismounting device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105667206A (en) * 2014-11-19 2016-06-15 中国航空工业集团公司西安飞机设计研究所 Portable wheel disassembling and assembling device
CN105110235A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-02 浙江立福达机械股份有限公司 Tyre lifting device
CN110921553A (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-03-27 新昌县知贝机械有限公司 Folding type swing rod lifting device for heavy-duty automobile tire

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