CN103394502B - Independent air compartment anhydration system - Google Patents

Independent air compartment anhydration system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103394502B
CN103394502B CN201310360849.5A CN201310360849A CN103394502B CN 103394502 B CN103394502 B CN 103394502B CN 201310360849 A CN201310360849 A CN 201310360849A CN 103394502 B CN103394502 B CN 103394502B
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China
Prior art keywords
house refuse
laydown area
removable cover
cover plate
gas sampling
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CN201310360849.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103394502A (en
Inventor
李叶青
王加军
魏玉荣
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Huaxin Cement (Huangshi) Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
HUAXIN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Huaxin Cement Co Ltd
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Huaxin Cement (Huangshi) Equipment Manufacturing Co Ltd
HUAXIN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Huaxin Cement Co Ltd
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Publication of CN103394502A publication Critical patent/CN103394502A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of independent air compartment anhydration system, comprise the house refuse laydown area that at least one is closed, by removable cover closure on each house refuse laydown area; Bottom each house refuse laydown area, flase floor is set, for carrying out mummification filtration without the rubbish of screening after fragmentation and waste liquid oozes drop; Space access air blast admission line below flase floor, the inlet end of air blast admission line connects air blast; Arrange leachate collecting well below the access port of air blast admission line, Leachate site discharge line is drawn from the Leachate site pump of leachate collecting bottom and is communicated with extraneous percolation liquid treating system; Space above flase floor and at least one gas sampling pipeline communication, gas sampling pipeline is arranged at least one gas sampling blower fan, gas sampling pipeline is connected with exhaust treatment system, arranges slide mechanism below removable cover plate.House refuse can be carried out drying process so that sorting by this anhydration system, and effectively collects waste gas and Leachate site, free from environmental pollution.

Description

Independent air compartment anhydration system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of domestic garbage treatment, be related specifically to a kind of anhydration system and the collocation method that utilize cement rotary kiln process house refuse.
Background technology
Mode mainly several mode of landfill, burning electricity generation and compost of the process of current house refuse.Landfill method floor space is large, low to the minimizing degree of rubbish, need do Anti-seeping technology, also will build methane recovery and percolate treatment plant, easily pollute underground water and surrounding air.Composting process is applicable to processing containing the many rubbish of perishable organic matter, and can realize the comprehensive utilization of part resource, but compost quality is wayward, harmful components usually exceed standard.Waste incineration and generating electricity is very fast in China's development, but investment is large, and operating cost is high, the flying dust difficult treatment of operation risk large You bioxin and heavy metal, although and have employed very advanced and complicated cleaning system, the control of bioxin and monitoring difficulty in flue gas." minimizing, resource, innoxious " principle in order to fully demonstrate, people are proposed various life-garbage comprehensive treatment technology.
Although existing garbage comprehensive treatment technology is of a great variety, sum up its basic fundamental route all: first sorting, then sorting thing is classified and carry out integrated treatment.China's house refuse mostly is mixed collection, and crude waste is with the perishable organic matter of many high-moistures, and as dish skin melon and fruit, kitchen excess etc., they and polybag, glass, metal and brick and tile gravel etc. are mutually together with viscous.If these moist and rubbish of viscous of existing sorting machine sorting are difficult to prove effective, in the situation of haveing no alternative but, simple screening and artificial separation operation can only be selected.Moist and the rubbish of viscous of existing sorting machine sorting is difficult to prove effective, but if sorting is dry and NAly mutually can obtain ideal effect.Therefore, drying and other treatment need be carried out to house refuse, one way of life garbage drying system need be provided.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide one way of life garbage drying system, house refuse can be carried out drying process and be carried out a point selection operation in order to the later stage by this anhydration system, and can effectively collect waste gas and Leachate site, avoids the generation of stench, does not pollute external environment.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of independent air compartment anhydration system, is characterized in that: comprise the house refuse laydown area that at least one is closed, by removable cover closure on each house refuse laydown area; Bottom each house refuse laydown area, flase floor is set, for carrying out mummification filtration without the rubbish of screening after fragmentation and waste liquid oozes drop; Space access air blast admission line below flase floor, the inlet end of air blast admission line connects air blast; Arrange leachate collecting well below the access port of air blast admission line, Leachate site discharge line to be drawn and space below flase floor is communicated with extraneous percolation liquid treating system from the Leachate site pump of leachate collecting bottom; Space above flase floor and at least one gas sampling pipeline communication, gas sampling pipeline is arranged at least one gas sampling blower fan, gas sampling pipeline is connected with exhaust treatment system, arranges slide mechanism below removable cover plate.
Gas sampling pipeline is all connected with gas sampling blower fan; Below removable cover plate, slide mechanism is set.
By technique scheme, arrange CO automatic tester in house refuse laydown area, CO automatic tester and each rotation speed of fan are controlled by component computer entirety.
By technique scheme, each house refuse laydown area is separate, removable cover plate corresponding on house refuse laydown area forms the combination plate of multiple parallel side-by-side, and removable cover plate at least one house refuse laydown area is vacant, and each removable cover plate can be moved left and right.
By technique scheme, arrange mobile pulley below removable cover plate, mobile pulley moves on cover plate track; When multiple removable cover plate parallel side-by-side forms combination plate, the leftmost side and the rightmost side of combination plate all arrange mobile drive deivce, and mobile drive deivce is connected with each removable cover plate by wind.
By technique scheme, exhaust treatment system adopts biological filter deodorizing, and house refuse laydown area arranges biofilter separately outward, and the waste gas extracted out by house refuse laydown area sends into biofilter by pipe network; Each biofilter is made up of wooden sheet and peat and Chinese photinia flower, is located in PVC unit filtering ponds; PVC unit filtering ponds metope is made up of aluminium alloy or suitable material.The tissue that one deck is coated with the polyester fiber of PVC is outward covered with at the inwall in pond; In filter top, portable water sprinkler is installed.
Relative to prior art, independent air compartment anhydration system of the present invention, can by the moisture of house refuse from about (45 ~ 50) % mummification to 25%, also can monitor the temperature of waste gas, humidity and CO content, by the data of monitoring, regulate the air quantity of air blast, effectively can control the process of mummification, promote the rapid microbial growth in junk-heap body, and by their metabolism, easy to be corrupt organic matter degradation in rubbish is become Small molecular, ensures junk-heap body aerobic fermentation; Make full use of the heat that fermentation produces, add draught effect, by drying garbage.Native system also effectively have collected waste gas on the one hand, drains into exhaust treatment system, avoids the generation of stench, also effectively have collected Leachate site on the other hand, drains into leachate treatment system.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is A-A sectional structure chart of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is removable cover plate operation principle structure chart of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Independent air compartment anhydration system as shown in Figure 1-2, comprises the house refuse laydown area 3 that at least one is closed, each house refuse laydown area 3 is closed by removable cover plate 1; Bottom each house refuse laydown area 3, flase floor 8 is set, for carrying out mummification filtration without the rubbish of screening after fragmentation and waste liquid oozes drop; Space access air blast admission line 5 below flase floor 8, the inlet end of air blast admission line 5 connects air blast 6; Arrange leachate collecting well 7 below the access port of air blast admission line 5, Leachate site discharge line 10 to be drawn and space below flase floor 8 is communicated with extraneous percolation liquid treating system from the Leachate site pump 9 bottom leachate collecting well 7; Space above flase floor 8 is communicated with at least one gas sampling pipeline 4, gas sampling pipeline 4 is arranged at least one gas sampling blower fan 2, gas sampling blower fan 2 is connected the waste gas for aspirating discharge with exhaust treatment system 11, arrange slide mechanism below removable cover plate 1.
By technique scheme, arrange CO automatic tester in house refuse laydown area 3, CO automatic tester and each rotation speed of fan are controlled by component computer entirety.
According to the quantity of house refuse to be dealt with and drying time, the house refuse laydown area 3 of different specification size and varying number can be designed to; Each house refuse laydown area 3 is separate, removable cover plate 1 corresponding on house refuse laydown area 3 forms the combination plate of multiple parallel side-by-side, and the removable cover plate 1 at least one house refuse laydown area 3 is vacant, each removable cover plate 1 can be moved left and right.
Optimum, as shown in Figure 3, arrange mobile pulley below removable cover plate 1, mobile pulley moves on cover plate track 1.4; All arrange mobile drive deivce (driving mechanism 1.1 that moves to left, move to right driving mechanism 1.5) in the leftmost side of the such as combination plate of Fig. 1 and the rightmost side, mobile drive deivce (driving mechanism 1.1 that moves to left, move to right driving mechanism 1.5) is respectively by wind 1.3 and each removable cover plate 1(1.2) be connected.When needing the one piece of removable cover plate 1.2 opening a certain house refuse laydown area 3 in running, first all cover plates can be moved to high order end by the driving mechanism 1.1 that moves to left of one end, then to be moved to right one by one each adjacent removable cover plate by the driving mechanism 1.5 that moves to right of the other end, until open the removable cover plate 1.2 needing to open.
Independent air compartment anhydration system of the present invention adopts following technological process: house refuse is transported to into house refuse laydown area 3 after fragmentation, afterwards, rubbish is sealed in house refuse laydown area 3 by mobile removable cover plate 1, open air blast, regulate the rotating speed of air blast 6 according to the required airflow in different mummification period, the waste gas that mummification produces is discharged to exhaust treatment system by gas sampling blower fan 2 through gas sampling pipeline 4; The Leachate site that in drying process, house refuse produces, through flase floor 8, is collected in leachate collecting well 7, drains into percolation liquid treating system after leachate collection by Leachate site pump 9 through Leachate site discharge line 10.
It is powerful by rubbish space that computer system controls air stream automatically, guarantees optimum temperature range (50-70 DEG C), rubbish tended towards stability the 15-20d days of particularly stink release, completes effective biodegradation.After degraded, refuse thermal value is between 12-18MJ/kg.A small amount of percolate will be produced in rubbish fermentation process.
Exhaust treatment system adopts biological filter deodorizing, and house refuse laydown area 3 is outer arranges biofilter separately, and the waste gas extracted out by house refuse laydown area 3 sends into biofilter by pipe network.Each biofilter is made up of wooden sheet (tree root wood chip) and other organic materials (as peat and Chinese photinia flower), is located in PVC unit filtering ponds.PVC unit filtering ponds metope is made up of aluminium alloy or suitable material.The tissue that one deck is coated with the polyester fiber of PVC is outward covered with at the inwall in pond.Special bacterium and fungi breed in filter course (biomembrane) filter medium, absorb Compounds in Feces of Broiler.In filter top, the moisture that portable water sprinkler makes filter keep suitable is installed.The Water Cycle of this part spray uses, and after some cycles (about one week), the moisture polluted sends into special sewage disposal system process.

Claims (3)

1. an independent air compartment anhydration system, is characterized in that: comprise the house refuse laydown area that at least one is closed, by removable cover closure on each house refuse laydown area; Bottom each house refuse laydown area, flase floor is set, for carrying out mummification filtration without the rubbish of screening after fragmentation and waste liquid oozes drop; Space access air blast admission line below flase floor, the inlet end of air blast admission line connects air blast; Arrange leachate collecting well below the access port of air blast admission line, Leachate site discharge line to be drawn and space below flase floor is communicated with extraneous percolation liquid treating system from the Leachate site pump of leachate collecting bottom; Space above flase floor and at least one gas sampling pipeline communication, gas sampling pipeline is arranged at least one gas sampling blower fan, gas sampling pipeline is connected with exhaust treatment system, arranges slide mechanism below removable cover plate; Arrange CO automatic tester in house refuse laydown area, CO automatic tester and each rotation speed of fan are controlled by component computer entirety; Each house refuse laydown area is separate, and removable cover plate corresponding on house refuse laydown area forms the combination plate of multiple parallel side-by-side, and removable cover plate at least one house refuse laydown area is vacant, and each removable cover plate can be moved left and right.
2. independent air compartment anhydration system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: arrange mobile pulley below removable cover plate, mobile pulley moves on cover plate track; When multiple removable cover plate parallel side-by-side forms combination plate, the leftmost side and the rightmost side of combination plate all arrange mobile drive deivce, and mobile drive deivce is connected with each removable cover plate by wind.
3. independent air compartment anhydration system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: exhaust treatment system adopts biological filter deodorizing, house refuse laydown area arranges biofilter separately outward, and the waste gas extracted out by house refuse laydown area sends into biofilter by pipe network; Each biofilter is made up of wooden sheet and peat and Chinese photinia flower, is located in PVC unit filtering ponds; PVC unit filtering ponds metope is made up of aluminium alloy or suitable material; The tissue that one deck is coated with the polyester fiber of PVC is outward covered with at the inwall in pond; In filter top, portable water sprinkler is installed and makes filter.
CN201310360849.5A 2013-08-16 2013-08-16 Independent air compartment anhydration system Active CN103394502B (en)

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CN103394502B true CN103394502B (en) 2016-04-13

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104289503B (en) * 2014-10-21 2016-04-27 华新水泥股份有限公司 A kind of refuse disposal system and method
CN106588157A (en) * 2015-10-16 2017-04-26 中国城市建设研究院有限公司 Biological drying device and biological drying method
CN113578915A (en) * 2021-06-17 2021-11-02 广东省建筑设计研究院有限公司 Screening and decrement treatment system and method for stock garbage

Citations (8)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005254125A (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-22 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Garbage drying disposal machine
WO2011136420A1 (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-11-03 주식회사 엔바이오컨스 Apparatus for drying organic waste
CN102357510A (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-02-22 城市建设研究院 Method and apparatus for controlling secondary pollutants in biodrying of mixed domestic waste
CN102553887A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-07-11 南京天华化学工程有限公司 Kitchen waste anhydration processing method
CN102716894A (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-10-10 泓天(大连)环境科技发展有限公司 Method and system for drying aerobic organisms in urban raw garbage by aid of hot air
CN202655323U (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-01-09 广州伟烨船舶设备有限公司 Solid-liquid-gas all-state garbage treatment equipment
CN203018437U (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-06-26 泓天(大连)环境科技发展有限公司 Urban raw refuse aerobiont desiccation system
CN203389934U (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-01-15 华新环境工程有限公司 Independent wind chamber drying system

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2005254125A (en) * 2004-03-11 2005-09-22 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Garbage drying disposal machine
WO2011136420A1 (en) * 2010-04-30 2011-11-03 주식회사 엔바이오컨스 Apparatus for drying organic waste
CN102357510A (en) * 2011-08-19 2012-02-22 城市建设研究院 Method and apparatus for controlling secondary pollutants in biodrying of mixed domestic waste
CN102553887A (en) * 2011-12-31 2012-07-11 南京天华化学工程有限公司 Kitchen waste anhydration processing method
CN202655323U (en) * 2012-05-23 2013-01-09 广州伟烨船舶设备有限公司 Solid-liquid-gas all-state garbage treatment equipment
CN102716894A (en) * 2012-06-07 2012-10-10 泓天(大连)环境科技发展有限公司 Method and system for drying aerobic organisms in urban raw garbage by aid of hot air
CN203018437U (en) * 2012-06-07 2013-06-26 泓天(大连)环境科技发展有限公司 Urban raw refuse aerobiont desiccation system
CN203389934U (en) * 2013-08-16 2014-01-15 华新环境工程有限公司 Independent wind chamber drying system

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