CN103389432A - Test device for charging control process of DC (direct current) battery charger of electric automobile and implementation method of device - Google Patents

Test device for charging control process of DC (direct current) battery charger of electric automobile and implementation method of device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103389432A
CN103389432A CN2013103409307A CN201310340930A CN103389432A CN 103389432 A CN103389432 A CN 103389432A CN 2013103409307 A CN2013103409307 A CN 2013103409307A CN 201310340930 A CN201310340930 A CN 201310340930A CN 103389432 A CN103389432 A CN 103389432A
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China
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charging
charging motor
terminal
control
proving installation
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CN2013103409307A
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CN103389432B (en
Inventor
张萱
李志明
桑林
叶健诚
李旭玲
马彦华
董晨
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Electric Power Research Institute of State Grid Shandong Electric Power Co Ltd
NARI Group Corp
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State Grid Corp of China SGCC
Nanjing NARI Group Corp
State Grid Electric Power Research Institute
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Publication of CN103389432A publication Critical patent/CN103389432A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a test device for a charging control process of a DC battery charger of an electric automobile and an implementation method of the device. The test device comprises an acquisition unit, a control guide circuit, a control unit, a battery management analog unit, a process state analog unit and a man-machine interaction unit, wherein the acquisition unit is used for acquiring output voltage/currents of a plug of the DC battery charger, a control guide signal, a communication signal and an auxiliary power supply value and transmitting data to the man-machine interaction unit in real-time; the control guide circuit is used for realizing a control guide function of the electric automobile on the DC battery charger; and the control unit is used for controlling a charging state and a communication process and realizing switching of various states of the charging process. The test device tests the correctness and the reliability of a control process and time series changes in a charging stage according to requirements of an IEC 61851-23 appendix system B and a GB/T 20234.3-2011 system. The device and the method are closer to an actual working state of the DC battery charger, and test results can reflect the performance of the DC battery charger more comprehensively and accurately.

Description

Electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation and its implementation
Technical field
The present invention relates to the procedural test field, particularly relate to a kind of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation and its implementation.
 
Background technology
Promoting New Energy Industry is the increasingly serious energy of countries in the world reply and the general strategic choice of environmental crisis.Electric automobile utilizes electricity to replace oil, can realize the life of " zero-emission " low-carbon (LC), is the important means that solves present energy scarcity and economic development contradiction.The traffic and transport field that is applied as of electric automobile utilizes clean energy resource, reduces fossil energy and relies on, and reducing the carbon emission amount provides wide prospect.
Along with China's electric vehicle charging changes moving forward steadily of electric infrastructure construction, for the development of electric automobile provides powerful support.The important step of energy supply when electrically-charging equipment moves as electric automobile, bearing the substantial responsibility that guarantees electric automobile safe charging process, realizes electric automobile and electrical network interaction.At present, the systematization solution of still charging control process not being tested both at home and abroad, normally by oscillograph, high accuracy number table meter, coordinated relevant test, limit by environment, test wiring inconvenience, testing procedure is complicated, needs the test man to adjust manually state of a control, this will cause the stability of testing and reliability not high, testing process has some setbacks.For further standard charging equipment of electric automobile charging process, the correctness of checking charged state and timing variations, the present invention proposes a kind of proving installation and its implementation for test electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process, adopt the mode of testing scheme customization to carry out various charged state tests to dc charging motor,, to realize analysis-by-synthesis and assessment dc charging motor charging control process and each charging stage sequential correctness and reliability, can provide effective detection means and instrument for professional testing agency or electric automobile producer.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation and its implementation, scheme provided by the invention is pressed close to the actual working state of dc charging motor, test result comprehensively, accurately, realize analysis-by-synthesis and assessment dc charging motor charging control process and each charging stage sequential correctness and reliability, can provide effective detection means and instrument for professional testing agency or electric automobile producer.
The objective of the invention is to adopt following technical proposals to realize:
Electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation comprises:
Collecting unit: the output voltage/electric current, control steering signal, signal of communication and the accessory power supply value that gather the dc charging motor plug, the input terminal of described collecting unit is connected with the corresponding terminal of dc charging motor connector plug, and lead-out terminal is connected with the corresponding terminal of man-machine interaction unit;
Control guidance circuit: be used for realizing the control guidance function of electric automobile to the dc charging motor charging, described control guidance circuit is connected with the corresponding terminal of dc charging motor connector plug, and output terminal is connected with control module;
Control module: be used for controlling described proving installation charged state and communication process, the switching of realization to the various states of charging process, described control module comprises Interface Terminal and driving circuit, described Interface Terminal is connected with the output terminal of being connected guidance circuit with the dc charging motor connector plug respectively, described driving circuit is connected with the pin that control module has the IO function, is used for driving relay K CC1, relay K CC2, relay K 1, relay K 2;
Man-machine interaction unit: for the information interaction that realizes between user and proving installation, described man-machine interaction unit is connected with control module by parallel bus;
The battery management analogue unit: be used for realizing the function of electric automobile side battery management system, described battery management analogue unit is connected with man-machine interaction unit by parallel bus;
The process status analogue unit: be used for the various states of analog charge process, described process status analogue unit is connected with man-machine interaction unit by parallel bus;
Bus driver: comprise bus driver 1 and bus driver 2, be used for realizing described proving installation universal serial bus and load level coupling, electrical isolation and protection, described bus driver is connected with control module by universal serial bus, by the RS485 bus, is connected with external communication interface with load respectively;
Relay K 1, relay K 2: be used for realizing the state switching of dc charging motor to the load charging; Described relay K 1 one ends are connected with the sub-DC+ of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the direct current input DC+ of load; Described relay K 2 one ends are connected with the sub-DC-of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the direct current input DC-of load;
Relay K CC1, relay K CC2: be used for realizing controlling between dc charging motor connector and electric automobile the connection status switching of guiding; Described relay K CC1One end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 that controls guidance circuit; Described relay K CC2One end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 that controls guidance circuit;
Power module: for proving installation provides power supply, in described power module incoming transport 220V civil power.
The input terminal of aforesaid collecting unit comprises the sub-DC+ of direct-flow input end, the sub-DC-of direct-flow input end, signal of communication terminal S+, signal of communication terminal S-, controls steering signal terminal CC1, controls steering signal terminal CC2, accessory power supply terminal A+, accessory power supply terminal A-, and lead-out terminal is the collection of simulant signal lead-out terminal;
The sub-DC+ of described direct-flow input end is connected with the sub-DC+ of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug;
The sub-DC-of described direct-flow input end is connected with the sub-DC-of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described signal of communication terminal S+ is connected with the signal of communication terminal S+ of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described signal of communication terminal S-is connected with the signal of communication terminal S-of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described control steering signal terminal CC1 is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described control steering signal terminal CC2 is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described accessory power supply terminal A+ is connected with the accessory power supply terminal A+ of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described accessory power supply terminal A-is connected with the accessory power supply terminal A-of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described collection of simulant signal lead-out terminal has the collection of simulant signal input terminal with man-machine interaction unit and is connected.
Aforementioned control guidance circuit passes through relay K CC1Be connected relay K with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug CC1Control both connection status; Described control guidance circuit passes through relay K CC2Be connected relay K with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug CC2Control both connection status.The input terminal of aforesaid control module comprises signal of communication terminal S+, signal of communication terminal S-, controls steering signal terminal CC2.
Described signal of communication terminal S+ is connected with the signal of communication terminal S+ of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described signal of communication terminal S-is connected with the signal of communication terminal S-of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described control steering signal terminal CC2 is connected with the output terminal of controlling guidance circuit.
Aforesaid driving circuit comprises diode, amplifying circuit, optocoupler and the reactor that connects successively, described optocoupler ground connection.
Aforesaid man-machine interaction unit is touch LCD screen.
The charged state of aforesaid proving installation comprises normal condition and abnormality.
The implementation method of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation, comprise the steps:
(1) with in proving installation incoming transport 220V civil power, this moment, proving installation was in init state, and relay K 1, relay K 2 are in off-state, relay K CC1, relay K CC2Be in off-state,, if the dc output end of the dc charging motor connector plug that collecting unit records is sub, signal of communication terminal, accessory power supply terminal, control that the equal no signal of steering signal terminal is exported proving installation is initialized as normal condition, carry out step (2); If voltage signal output is arranged, proving installation is initialized as abnormality, changes step (11) over to;
(2) proving installation is connected with the dc charging motor connector plug, press dc charging motor connector plug locking switch, make switch S remain open state, if the DC level of the control steering signal terminal CC1 of the dc charging motor connector plug that collecting unit records output is changed to 6V by 12V, it is normal condition that control steering signal terminal CC2 no-output is controlled steering signal, carries out step (3); Otherwise be abnormality, change step (11) over to;
(3) closed dc charging motor connector plug locking switch, this moment, proving installation was in the control linkage state, if the DC level of the control steering signal terminal CC1 of the dc charging motor connector plug that collecting unit records output 4V, it is normal condition that the DC level of control steering signal terminal CC2 output 6V is controlled steering signal, carries out step (4); Otherwise be abnormality, change step (11) over to;
(4) electric automobile and battery parameter are set in the battery management analogue unit by man-machine interaction unit, whether the handshake phase that judges described proving installation and dc charging motor is normal, if receive the charging handshake phase message of dc charging motor charge and shake hands as normal condition, carrying out step (5); Otherwise be abnormality, change over to and carry out step (11);
(5) the battery charging is set by man-machine interaction unit in the battery management analogue unit and controls parameter, whether the configuration phase that judges described proving installation and dc charging motor is normal,, if receive the charge parameter configuration phase message that dc charging motor sends charge parameter is configured to normal condition, carry out step (6); Otherwise be abnormality, change over to and carry out step (11);
(6) the request dc charging motor is described proving installation charging, starting load;
(7) select to carry out the normal charging condition test, judge whether dc charging motor output is correct; If correctly change step (9) over to, otherwise change step (11) over to;
(8) select to carry out abnormal charged state test, judge whether dc charging motor output is in normal condition; , if be in normal condition, judge whether to continue test; Otherwise, change step (11) over to; If continue test, the process status analogue unit is set to normal condition and request charging, reenters abnormal charged state test; If do not continue test, change step (11) over to;
(9) judge whether proving installation charges normal end, if proving installation finishes to the load charging, proving installation sends the BMS statistics to dc charging motor, and the charging set statistics of reception dc charging motor transmission, if collecting unit records dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, the accessory power supply terminal, the equal no-output of signal of communication terminal, control the DC level of steering signal terminal CC1 output 4V, the DC level of controlling steering signal terminal CC2 output 6V is normal condition, carry out step (10), otherwise change step (11) over to,
(10) release dc charging motor connector plug locking switch S, whether the ending phase that judges proving installation and dc charging motor is normal, if collecting unit records the control steering signal terminal CC1 output of dc charging motor connector plug and is changed to the DC level of 12V by 6V, control steering signal terminal CC2 output and be normal condition by the DC level that 6V is changed to 12V, otherwise be abnormality;
(11) charging status information is sent to man-machine interaction unit and external communication interface;
(12) close load, recover the original state of described proving installation;
(13) test process finishes.
In aforesaid step (6), when one of following situation occurred, described proving installation stopped loaded work piece:
A, electric automobile dc charging motor reach set charging termination condition;
B, control steering signal CC1 and control steering signal CC2 interrupt;
C, signal of communication S+ and signal of communication S-interrupt;
D, described proving installation send charging and cease and desist order.
In aforesaid step (7), judge whether dc charging motor output is correct, be specially by the battery management analogue unit and change dc charging motor output voltage and/or output current, the new output voltage that sets and/or new output current are in the normal variation scope, whether whether the output voltage of the dc charging motor connector plug that the comparison collecting unit records and/or output current identical with described new output voltage and/or new output current,, if identical, judge that dc charging motor output is correct.
In aforesaid step (8), judge whether dc charging motor output is in normal condition, be specially by the process status analogue unit failure condition is set, comprise signal of communication short circuit, earth fault, direct current output short-circuit, earth fault, and control the switching of control module executing state, and if recording the VD of dc charging motor connector plug, collecting unit is down in 1s below 60V, output current is down to 5A and is in normal condition with next judgement dc charging motor output in 2s.
Aforementioned enter charging process after, described collecting unit was monitored the output signal of dc charging motor plug with the cycle that is not more than 50ms, the signal of monitoring comprises VD and electric current, control steering signal CC1 and controls steering signal CC2, signal of communication S+ and signal of communication S-and accessory power supply value A+ and accessory power supply value A-, in case while occurring to disconnect by attachment unit interface the abnormal signal that produces, described proving installation cuts out the duty of programmable power supply, and records detecting information.
Aforementioned when proving installation monitors following signal condition, proving installation cuts off the direct current output of dc charging motor, disconnects relay K 1 and relay K 2:
I, in charging process, it is the DC level of non-4V and/or the DC level state that CC2 is non-6V that the electric automobile dc charging motor is controlled steering signal CC1;
Ii, in charging process, the maximum rated voltage/current that VD/output current that collecting unit records sets greater than battery.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effect that reaches of the present invention is:
Electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation provided by the invention and implementation method, filled up the blank of domestic electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process test macro technology, can test correctness and the stability of each charging stage timing variations of electric automobile by this proving installation, and in close friend's mode, to the user, point out testing result, have more directly perceived, convenient.By communication port and reserve external interface make itself and other equipment or computing machine integrated, the different test points of flexible combination, form comprehensive performance detecting platform, correctness and stability with assessment dc charging motor and electric vehicle charging electric process, application the present invention can be the safety applications of electric automobile dc charging motor, and measuring technology means and technical support are provided.
 
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation structural representation provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is control guidance circuit schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is relay drive circuit schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is bus driver structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the process flow diagram of the implementation method of electric automobile dc charging motor charging process proving installation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, proving installation comprises for electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation composition of the present invention and test environment:
Collecting unit: gather output voltage/electric current, control steering signal, signal of communication and the accessory power supply value of dc charging motor plug, collecting unit comprises Interface Terminal; Interface Terminal comprises input terminal and lead-out terminal;
Input terminal is connected with the terminal of dc charging motor connector plug; Input terminal comprises the sub-DC+ of direct-flow input end, the sub-DC-of direct-flow input end, signal of communication terminal S+, signal of communication terminal S-, controls steering signal terminal CC1, controls steering signal terminal CC2, accessory power supply terminal A+, accessory power supply terminal A-; The sub-DC+ of direct-flow input end is connected with the sub-DC+ of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug; The sub-DC-of direct-flow input end is connected with the sub-DC-of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug; Signal of communication terminal S+ is connected with the signal of communication terminal S+ of dc charging motor connector plug; Signal of communication terminal S-is connected with the signal of communication terminal S-of dc charging motor connector plug; Controlling steering signal terminal CC1 is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug; Controlling steering signal terminal CC2 is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug; Accessory power supply terminal A+ is connected with the accessory power supply terminal A+ of dc charging motor connector plug; Accessory power supply terminal A-is connected with the accessory power supply terminal A-of dc charging motor connector plug;
Lead-out terminal comprises the collection of simulant signal lead-out terminal, and the collection of simulant signal lead-out terminal has the collection of simulant signal input terminal with described man-machine interaction unit and is connected.
Control guidance circuit: be used for realizing the control guidance function of electric automobile to the dc charging motor charging, as shown in Figure 2, in figure U1 be the dc charging motor requirement on draw voltage, U2 be the electric automobile requirement on draw voltage, R4 and R5 are equivalent resistance, PE is earth terminal, controls guidance circuit and passes through respectively relay K CC1Be connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug, pass through relay K CC2Be connected relay K with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug CC1And relay K CC2Control both connection status;
Be output as the output of controlling steering signal terminal CC2.
Control module: be used for controlling described proving installation charged state and communication process, control module comprises Interface Terminal and driving circuit; Described Interface Terminal comprises input terminal;
Input terminal comprises signal of communication terminal S+, signal of communication terminal S-, controls steering signal terminal CC2, and signal of communication terminal S+ is connected with the signal of communication terminal S+ of dc charging motor connector plug; Signal of communication terminal S-is connected with the signal of communication terminal S-of dc charging motor connector plug; Controlling steering signal terminal CC2 is connected with the output of controlling guidance circuit.
Driving circuit comprises the K that circuit structure is identical CC1Driving circuit, K CC2Driving circuit, K1 driving circuit and K2 driving circuit; Driving circuit includes successively diode, amplifying circuit, optocoupler and the reactor that connects, optocoupler ground connection wherein, and the driving circuit of relay is as shown in Figure 3.
Man-machine interaction unit: be used for the information interaction between user and described proving installation, man-machine interaction unit is touch LCD screen, by parallel bus, with control module, is connected.
Battery management analogue unit: be used for realizing the function of electric automobile side battery management system, by parallel bus, with man-machine interaction unit, be connected.
Process status analogue unit: be used for the various states of analog charge process, by parallel bus, with described man-machine interaction unit, be connected.
Bus driver: be used for realizing proving installation universal serial bus and load level coupling, electrical isolation and protection.Bus driver comprises bus driver 1 and bus driver 2; Bus driver 1 is connected and is connected with control module by universal serial bus with bus driver; Bus driver 1 is connected with bus driver and is connected with external unit by the RS485 bus, and external unit comprises load and external communication interface.Bus driver 1 is identical with bus driver 2 structures, as shown in Figure 4, includes optocoupler branch road, RS485 driver and receiver and two voltage stabilizing diodes of three parallel connections; Wherein the optocoupler branch road of three parallel connections is connected with receiver with the RS485 driver respectively; One of them voltage stabilizing diode is connected with the RS485-A terminal; Another voltage stabilizing diode is connected with the RS485-B terminal.
Relay K 1, K2: be used for realizing the state switching of dc charging motor to the load charging.Relay K 1 one ends are connected with the sub-DC+ of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the direct current input DC+ of load, forms relay K 1 branch road; Relay K 2 one ends are connected with the sub-DC-of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the direct current input DC-of load, forms relay K 2 branch roads.Relay K 1 directly is connected with the IO port of control module with relay K 2 control ports.
Relay K CC1, K CC2: be used for realizing controlling between dc charging motor connector and electric automobile the connection status switching of guiding.Relay K CC1One end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 that controls guidance circuit, forms relay K CC1Branch road; Relay K CC2The control steering signal terminal CC2 of one end and dc charging motor connector plug, the other end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 that controls guidance circuit, forms relay K CC2Branch road.Relay K CC1 andRelay K CC2Control port directly is connected with the IO port of control module.
Power module: for proving installation provides power supply; In described power module incoming transport 220V civil power.
As shown in Figure 5, the method comprises the steps: the implementation method flow process of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation provided by the invention
(1) with in proving installation incoming transport 220V civil power, this thing proving installation is in init state;
Relay K 1, relay K 2 are in off-state, relay K CC1, relay K CC2Be in off-state, dc output end, signal of communication terminal, accessory power supply terminal, the equal no signal of control steering signal terminal that collecting unit records the dc charging motor connector plug are normal condition while exporting, and all the other voltage corresponding statess are abnormality,
, if proving installation is initialized as normal condition, carry out step (2); Otherwise, carry out step (11).
(2) proving installation is connected with the dc charging motor connector plug, press dc charging motor connector plug locking switch, make switch S remain open state, the DC level that collecting unit records the control steering signal terminal CC1 output of dc charging motor connector plug is changed to 6V by 12V, controlling steering signal terminal CC2 no-output is normal condition, all the other voltage corresponding statess are abnormality
, if the control steering signal is normal condition, carry out step (3); Otherwise, carry out step (11).
(3) closed dc charging motor connector plug locking switch, this moment, proving installation was in the control linkage state, collecting unit records the DC level of the control steering signal terminal CC1 output 4V of dc charging motor connector plug, the DC level of controlling steering signal terminal CC2 output 6V is normal condition, all the other voltage corresponding statess are abnormality
, if the control steering signal is normal condition, carry out step (4); Otherwise, carry out step (11).
(4) electric automobile and battery parameter are set, the basic parameter of electric automobile and battery is set in the battery management analogue unit by man-machine interaction unit, and to dc charging motor, send BMS and vehicle recognition message, recording the charging handshake phase message that proving installation receives dc charging motor is normal condition, otherwise be abnormality
, if charging is shaken hands as normal condition, carry out step (5); Otherwise, carry out step (11).
(5) the battery charging is set and controls parameter, the battery charging is set in the battery management analogue unit by man-machine interaction unit controls correlation parameter, judge whether the configuration phase of proving installation and dc charging motor is normal; If receive the charge parameter configuration phase message that dc charging motor sends charge parameter is configured to normal condition, otherwise be abnormality,
, if charge parameter is configured to normal condition, carry out step (6); Otherwise, carry out step (11).
(6) the request dc charging motor is described proving installation charging, starting load; When one of following situation occurred, proving installation stopped loaded work piece:
A, electric automobile dc charging motor reach set charging termination condition;
B, control steering signal CC1 and control steering signal CC2 interrupt;
C, signal of communication S+ and signal of communication S-interrupt;
D, described proving installation send charging and cease and desist order.
(7) select to carry out the normal charging condition test, judge whether dc charging motor output is correct; Concrete determination methods is that by battery management analogue unit change dc charging motor output voltage and/or output current, the new output voltage that sets and/or new output current are in the normal variation scope; Whether whether the output voltage that the comparison collecting unit records and/or output current identical with output voltage and/or the new output current of new settings,
If the value that is compared is identical, judge that dc charging motor output is correct, carry out step (9); Otherwise, carry out step (11).
(8) select to carry out abnormal charged state test, judge whether dc charging motor output is correct; Specifically determination methods is, by the process status analogue unit, failure condition is set, and comprises signal of communication short circuit, earth fault, direct current output short-circuit, earth fault, and control described control module executing state switching; If collecting unit records the VD of dc charging motor connector plug and is down in 1s below 60V, output current is down to below 5A and is normal condition in 2s; Other situations of change are abnormality,
If normal condition, judge whether to continue test; Otherwise, carry out step (11),
If continue test, the process status analogue unit is set to normal condition and request charging, reenters abnormal charged state test; If do not continue test, carry out step (11).
(9) judge whether proving installation charges normal end, if proving installation finishes to the load charging, proving installation sends the BMS statistics to dc charging motor, and the charging set statistics of reception dc charging motor transmission, it is normal condition that collecting unit records dc output end, accessory power supply terminal, the equal no-output of signal of communication terminal of dc charging motor connector plug, the DC level of controlling the output 4V of steering signal terminal CC1, the DC level of controlling steering signal terminal CC2 output 6V, all the other voltage corresponding statess are abnormality
If normal condition, carry out step (10); Otherwise, carry out step (11).
(10) release dc charging motor connector plug locking switch S, whether the ending phase that judges proving installation and dc charging motor is normal, collecting unit records that the control steering signal terminal CC1 output DC of dc charging motor connector plug is flat is changed to 12V by 6V, controlling steering signal terminal CC2 output is normal condition by the DC level that 6V is changed to 12V, and all the other voltage corresponding statess are abnormality.
(11) charging status information is sent to man-machine interaction unit and external communication interface;
(12) close load, recover the original state of described proving installation;
(13) test process finishes.
In this method, after entering charging process, collecting unit was monitored the output signal of dc charging motor plug with the cycle that is not more than 50ms, the signal of monitoring comprises VD and electric current, control steering signal CC1 and CC2, signal of communication S+ and S-and accessory power supply value A+ and A-, in case while occurring to disconnect by attachment unit interface the abnormal signal that produces, proving installation cuts out the duty of programmable power supply, and records detecting information;
When proving installation monitored following signal condition, proving installation cut off the direct current output of dc charging motor, disconnects relay K 1 and relay K 2:
I, in charging process, it is the DC level of non-4V and/or the DC level state that CC2 is non-6V that the electric automobile dc charging motor is controlled steering signal CC1;
Ii, in charging process, the maximum rated voltage/current that VD/output current that collecting unit records sets greater than battery.
The present invention realizes state switching, the data acquisition of whole charging process by collecting unit, control module, battery management analogue unit, process status analogue unit.After electric automobile dc charging motor and proving installation are set up physical connection by charge cable, the process status analogue unit is realized the setting of various charging stage states, and carried out the switching action of all normal conditions and abnormality by control module, in charging process, battery management analogue unit and dc charging motor carry out analogue communication, and all signals in test process are all by the collecting unit real time record.The present invention can provide for professional testing agency or electric automobile producer means and the instrument of effective detection, assessment electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process and steering signal sequential correctness and reliability.
Should be noted that finally: above embodiment is only in order to illustrate that technical scheme of the present invention is not intended to limit, although with reference to above-described embodiment, the present invention is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the field are to be understood that: still can modify or be equal to replacement the specific embodiment of the present invention, and do not break away from any modification of spirit and scope of the invention or be equal to replacement, it all should be encompassed in the middle of claim scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation, is characterized in that, comprising:
Collecting unit: the output voltage/electric current, control steering signal, signal of communication and the accessory power supply value that gather the dc charging motor plug, the input terminal of described collecting unit is connected with the corresponding terminal of dc charging motor connector plug, and lead-out terminal is connected with the corresponding terminal of man-machine interaction unit;
Control guidance circuit: be used for realizing the control guidance function of electric automobile to the dc charging motor charging, described control guidance circuit is connected with the corresponding terminal of dc charging motor connector plug, and output terminal is connected with control module;
Control module: be used for controlling described proving installation charged state and communication process, the switching of realization to the various states of charging process, described control module comprises Interface Terminal and driving circuit, described Interface Terminal is connected with the output terminal of being connected guidance circuit with the corresponding terminal of dc charging motor connector plug respectively, described driving circuit is connected with the pin that control module has the IO function, is used for driving relay K CC1, relay K CC2, relay K 1 and relay K 2;
Man-machine interaction unit: for the information interaction that realizes between user and proving installation, described man-machine interaction unit is connected with control module by parallel bus;
The battery management analogue unit: be used for realizing the function of electric automobile side battery management system, described battery management analogue unit is connected with man-machine interaction unit by parallel bus;
The process status analogue unit: be used for the various states of analog charge process, described process status analogue unit is connected with man-machine interaction unit by parallel bus;
Bus driver: comprise bus driver 1 and bus driver 2, be used for realizing described proving installation universal serial bus and load level coupling, electrical isolation and protection, described bus driver is connected with control module by universal serial bus, by the RS485 bus, is connected with external communication interface with load respectively;
Relay K 1, relay K 2: be used for realizing the state switching of dc charging motor to the load charging; Described relay K 1 one ends are connected with the sub-DC+ of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the direct current input DC+ of load; Described relay K 2 one ends are connected with the sub-DC-of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the direct current input DC-of load;
Relay K CC1, relay K CC2: be used for realizing controlling between dc charging motor connector and electric automobile the connection status switching of guiding; Described relay K CC1One end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 that controls guidance circuit; Described relay K CC2One end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug, and the other end is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 that controls guidance circuit;
Power module: for proving installation provides power supply, in described power module incoming transport 220V civil power.
2. electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the input terminal of described collecting unit comprises the sub-DC+ of direct-flow input end, the sub-DC-of direct-flow input end, signal of communication terminal S+, signal of communication terminal S-, controls steering signal terminal CC1, controls steering signal terminal CC2, accessory power supply terminal A+, accessory power supply terminal A-, and lead-out terminal is the collection of simulant signal lead-out terminal;
The sub-DC+ of described direct-flow input end is connected with the sub-DC+ of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug;
The sub-DC-of described direct-flow input end is connected with the sub-DC-of the dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described signal of communication terminal S+ is connected with the signal of communication terminal S+ of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described signal of communication terminal S-is connected with the signal of communication terminal S-of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described control steering signal terminal CC1 is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described control steering signal terminal CC2 is connected with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described accessory power supply terminal A+ is connected with the accessory power supply terminal A+ of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described accessory power supply terminal A-is connected with the accessory power supply terminal A-of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described collection of simulant signal lead-out terminal has the collection of simulant signal input terminal with man-machine interaction unit and is connected.
3. electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described control guidance circuit passes through relay K CC1Be connected relay K with the control steering signal terminal CC1 of dc charging motor connector plug CC1Control both connection status; Described control guidance circuit passes through relay K CC2Be connected relay K with the control steering signal terminal CC2 of dc charging motor connector plug CC2Control both connection status.
4. electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the input terminal of described control module comprises signal of communication terminal S+, signal of communication terminal S-, controls steering signal terminal CC2,
Described signal of communication terminal S+ is connected with the signal of communication terminal S+ of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described signal of communication terminal S-is connected with the signal of communication terminal S-of dc charging motor connector plug;
Described control steering signal terminal CC2 is connected with the output terminal of controlling guidance circuit.
5. electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described driving circuit comprises diode, amplifying circuit, optocoupler and the reactor that connects successively, described optocoupler ground connection.
6. electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described man-machine interaction unit is touch LCD screen.
7. electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the charged state of described proving installation comprises normal condition and abnormality.
8. the implementation method of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1) with in proving installation incoming transport 220V civil power, this moment, proving installation was in init state, and relay K 1, relay K 2 are in off-state, relay K CC1, relay K CC2Be in off-state,, if the dc output end of the dc charging motor connector plug that collecting unit records is sub, signal of communication terminal, accessory power supply terminal, control that the equal no signal of steering signal terminal is exported proving installation is initialized as normal condition, carry out step (2); If voltage signal output is arranged, proving installation is initialized as abnormality, changes step (11) over to;
(2) proving installation is connected with the dc charging motor connector plug, press dc charging motor connector plug locking switch, make switch S remain open state, if the DC level of the control steering signal terminal CC1 of the dc charging motor connector plug that collecting unit records output is changed to 6V by 12V, it is normal condition that control steering signal terminal CC2 no-output is controlled steering signal, carries out step (3); Otherwise be abnormality, change step (11) over to;
(3) closed dc charging motor connector plug locking switch, this moment, proving installation was in the control linkage state, if the DC level of the control steering signal terminal CC1 of the dc charging motor connector plug that collecting unit records output 4V, it is normal condition that the DC level of control steering signal terminal CC2 output 6V is controlled steering signal, carries out step (4); Otherwise be abnormality, change step (11) over to;
(4) electric automobile and battery parameter are set in the battery management analogue unit by man-machine interaction unit, whether the handshake phase that judges described proving installation and dc charging motor is normal, if receive the charging handshake phase message of dc charging motor charge and shake hands as normal condition, carrying out step (5); Otherwise be abnormality, change over to and carry out step (11);
(5) the battery charging is set by man-machine interaction unit in the battery management analogue unit and controls parameter, whether the configuration phase that judges described proving installation and dc charging motor is normal,, if receive the charge parameter configuration phase message that dc charging motor sends charge parameter is configured to normal condition, carry out step (6); Otherwise be abnormality, change over to and carry out step (11);
(6) the request dc charging motor is described proving installation charging, starting load;
(7) select to carry out the normal charging condition test, judge whether dc charging motor output is correct; If correctly change step (9) over to, otherwise change step (11) over to;
(8) select to carry out abnormal charged state test, judge whether dc charging motor output is in normal condition; , if be in normal condition, judge whether to continue test; Otherwise, change step (11) over to; If continue test, the process status analogue unit is set to normal condition and request charging, reenters abnormal charged state test; If do not continue test, change step (11) over to;
(9) judge whether proving installation charges normal end, if proving installation finishes to the load charging, proving installation sends the BMS statistics to dc charging motor, and the charging set statistics of reception dc charging motor transmission, if collecting unit records dc output end of dc charging motor connector plug, the accessory power supply terminal, the equal no-output of signal of communication terminal, control the DC level of steering signal terminal CC1 output 4V, the DC level of controlling steering signal terminal CC2 output 6V is normal condition, carry out step (10), otherwise change step (11) over to,
(10) release dc charging motor connector plug locking switch S, whether the ending phase that judges proving installation and dc charging motor is normal, if collecting unit records the control steering signal terminal CC1 output of dc charging motor connector plug and is changed to the DC level of 12V by 6V, control steering signal terminal CC2 output and be normal condition by the DC level that 6V is changed to 12V, otherwise be abnormality;
(11) charging status information is sent to man-machine interaction unit and external communication interface;
(12) close load, recover the original state of described proving installation;
(13) test process finishes.
9. the implementation method of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 8, is characterized in that, in described step (6), when one of following situation occurred, described proving installation stopped loaded work piece:
A, electric automobile dc charging motor reach set charging termination condition;
B, control steering signal CC1 and control steering signal CC2 interrupt;
C, signal of communication S+ and signal of communication S-interrupt;
D, described proving installation send charging and cease and desist order.
10. the implementation method of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, in described step (7), judge whether dc charging motor output is correct, be specially by the battery management analogue unit and change dc charging motor output voltage and/or output current, the new output voltage that sets and/or new output current are in the normal variation scope, whether whether the output voltage of the dc charging motor connector plug that the comparison collecting unit records and/or output current identical with described new output voltage and/or new output current, if identical, judge that dc charging motor output is correct.
11. the implementation method of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, in described step (8), judge whether dc charging motor output is in normal condition, be specially by the process status analogue unit failure condition is set, comprise the signal of communication short circuit, earth fault, the direct current output short-circuit, earth fault, and control control module executing state switching, be down to below 60V in 1s if collecting unit records the VD of dc charging motor connector plug, output current is down to below 5A in 2s, judge that dc charging motor output is in normal condition.
12. the implementation method of electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 8, it is characterized in that, after entering charging process, described collecting unit was monitored the output signal of dc charging motor plug with the cycle that is not more than 50ms, the signal of monitoring comprises VD and electric current, control steering signal CC1 and control steering signal CC2, signal of communication S+ and signal of communication S-and accessory power supply value A+ and accessory power supply value A-, in case while occurring to disconnect by attachment unit interface the abnormal signal that produces, described proving installation cuts out the duty of programmable power supply, and record detecting information.
13. the implementation method of the electric automobile dc charging motor charging control process proving installation according to claim 12, it is characterized in that, when proving installation monitored following signal condition, proving installation cut off the direct current output of dc charging motor, disconnects relay K 1 and relay K 2:
I, in charging process, it is the DC level of non-4V and/or the DC level state that CC2 is non-6V that the electric automobile dc charging motor is controlled steering signal CC1;
Ii, in charging process, the maximum rated voltage/current that VD/output current that collecting unit records sets greater than battery.
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