CN103388475A - Multilayer-impacting head small-resistance high-efficiency digging apparatus - Google Patents

Multilayer-impacting head small-resistance high-efficiency digging apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103388475A
CN103388475A CN2013101810711A CN201310181071A CN103388475A CN 103388475 A CN103388475 A CN 103388475A CN 2013101810711 A CN2013101810711 A CN 2013101810711A CN 201310181071 A CN201310181071 A CN 201310181071A CN 103388475 A CN103388475 A CN 103388475A
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China
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layered material
impact
punching
impact head
resistance high
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CN2013101810711A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103388475B (en
Inventor
刘素华
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刘素华
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Application filed by 刘素华 filed Critical 刘素华
Priority to CN201310181071.1A priority patent/CN103388475B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21CMINING OR QUARRYING
    • E21C27/00Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam
    • E21C27/10Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam by both slitting and breaking-down
    • E21C27/12Machines which completely free the mineral from the seam by both slitting and breaking-down breaking-down effected by acting on the vertical face of the mineral, e.g. by percussive tools

Abstract

The invention provides a multilayer-impacting head small-resistance high-efficiency digging apparatus, which relates to the field of machinery, especially to the digging field or the field of engineering machinery. The apparatus comprises an impaction power case and impacting heads, wherein the impacting heads are arranged at one end or two ends of the impaction power case, each end of the impaction power case is provided with more than two impacting heads, and the more than two impacting heads are arranged in an up-down manner and/or a left-right manner so as to increase digging height and/or digging width. The apparatus provided by the invention has the advantages of reliable performance, good manufacturability, simple processing and manufacturing and a long service life.

Description

The few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical field, especially a kind of few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head that is applicable to digging field or engineering machinery field.
Background technology
coal-winning machine and development machine are mostly drum-type rotation milling blanking at present, excavator mostly is the single bucket of hydraulic-driven or the single-tooth impact head digs the broken material of material, dig installation and be referred to as the reciprocating impact digger along with the development of science and technology has produced reciprocating impact type coal-winning machine and reciprocating impact type development machine and reciprocating impact type, it is high that the impact head of reciprocating impact digger is adopted material piece material rate, dust is few, consume energy low, but its digging height and/or width can not meet the needs of digging high seam or high coal seam or thick rock stratum or high rock stratum or solid cement coagulum or wide coagulating cement thing or thick pitch coagulum or wide pitch coagulum or slab knot mud stone or wide plate knot mud stone at present, in order to solve the needs of digging high seam or high coal seam or thick rock stratum or high rock stratum or solid cement coagulum or wide coagulating cement thing or thick pitch coagulum or wide pitch coagulum or slab knot mud stone or wide plate knot mud stone, the present invention proposes the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of a kind of multilayer impact head.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions: the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head comprises the dynamic impact problem device, it is first-class to impact, it is characterized in that: impact is set first-class in dynamic impact problem device one or both ends, each end of dynamic impact problem device arrange more than two impact first-class, plural impact head is layout and/or left and right layout etc. up and down, increases digging height and/or digging width.
the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises dynamic impact problem device etc., the dynamic impact problem device comprises dynamic impact problem case or dynamic impact problem support etc., the dynamic impact problem case comprises beater mechanism, guiding mechanism, casing etc., beater mechanism comprises hydraulic impact mechanism or gas impact machine or electric impacting mechanism etc., electric impacting mechanism comprises central axis, driven wheel, travelling gear, bent axle, connecting rod etc., connecting rod comprises dynamic impact spare, connecting rod is connected or integral type with the split of dynamic impact spare, case supports central axis etc., driven wheel be arranged on central axis or with central axis be integral type, case supports bent axle etc., travelling gears etc. are arranged on bent axle, travelling gear is connected with the bent axle split or is integral type etc., driven wheel and travelling gear engagement, one end of connecting rod is connected with bent axle, the other end is connected with impact head, case supports guiding mechanism etc., guiding mechanism comprises impact guide etc., it is first-class that the one or both ends of impact guide arrange impact, impact guide and impact head split or split is connected or be integral type etc., central axis drives driven wheel and rotates, driven wheel band nutating gear rotates, travelling gear drives crankshaft rotating, the bent axle drivening rod moves back and forth, connecting rod drives impact head and moves back and forth, impact head moves back and forth by impacting the guide guiding.The impact guide is with the split of dynamic impact spare or split is connected or integral type.
Described dynamic impact problem device comprises casing, plug hammer, control valve etc., casing comprises two with upper cavity etc., two to arrange two with top plug hammer etc. in upper cavity, control valve is controlled liquid or gas etc., liquid or gas etc. drive two and move back and forth with the top plug hammer, two drive two above impact head reciprocating impacts with the top plug hammer, and two become layout and/or left and right layout etc. up and down with upper cavity, increase digging height or width etc.
Described plug hammer comprises that stopper rod etc., stopper rod one or both ends are provided with anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism etc.
Described driven wheel drives more than one travelling gear etc.
Described bent axle and/or central axis comprise two or more eccentric shafts etc.
Described travelling gear band nutating gear rotations etc., each travelling gear drives crankshaft rotating, and more than one eccentric shaft etc. is set on bent axle at least.
Described more than one bent axle is symmetrical arranged with respect to central axis or asymmetric arrange etc.
On described central axis, more than one eccentric shaft etc. is set, eccentric shaft and rod hinge connection etc.
Described eccentric shaft is arranged at travelling gear and/or the more than one sidepiece of driven wheel etc.
Described dynamic impact problem device comprises guiding mechanism etc., guiding mechanism comprises suspend friction guiding mechanism or rolling friction guiding mechanism or sliding friction guiding mechanism etc., guiding mechanism comprises impact guide, guide support, guide way etc., between guide support and casing split or split is connected or for integral type etc., guide support and impact guide, guide way etc. is set.
Described two impact heads are staggered front to back motion etc.
The impact guide that is staggered front to back motion that described two impact heads are adjacent shares a guide way constant pitch save space.
It is first-class that a described connecting rod drives one or more impact.
described connecting rod one or both ends are provided with anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism etc., anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism comprises rotation anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism or split anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism or buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism etc., it is first-class that the reaction force that the impact head impact bed of material produces is applied to anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism, rotation anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism's rotating decomposition impact reactive force or split anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism decompose impact reactive force etc. by split shock isolation reaction force or buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism by snubber, avoid impact reactive force to damage dynamic impact problem device etc.
Described rotation anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism comprises oscillating bearing or steering union joint or rzeppa joint or candan universal joint or bulb buckle-groove type or arc buckle-groove type etc.
Described guide way comprises suspension guide way or rolling guide way etc.
described rolling guide way comprises the spherical rolling guide way, or oval rolling guide way, or dumb-bell shape rolling guide way, or cylindrical rolling guide way, or taper rolling guide way, or annular rolling guide way, or roller rolling guide way, or platform shape post rolling guide way, or platform shape ball rolling guide way, or platform shape drum rolling guide way, or flute profile drum rolling guide way, or channel column rolling guide way, or flute profile ball rolling guide way, or flute profile roller rolling guide way, or the oval rolling guide way of flute profile, or tape spool rolling guide way, or rolling guide way with holes, or many ribs key rolling guide way, or many rib cover rolling guide waies, or roll the drum-shaped rolling guide way, or ball rolling guide way, or needle roller rolling guide way, or rollers roll guide way, or linear bearing rolling guide way, or waist drum wheel rolling guide way, or the combined rolling guide way etc.
Described suspension guide way comprises suspension guide way or suspension gas guide way or suspension magnetic steering body etc.
Described a plurality of impact head alternately impinge materials etc., reduce a plurality of impact heads and impact simultaneously the damage etc. of the reaction force impact power set of generation.
Be provided with lubricated fluid passage etc. on described central axis and/or bent axle and/or connecting rod etc.
Described impact head comprises impact teeth, braces etc.
Described impact teeth is arranged on braces stepped etc., forming staged impact head or taper impacts first-class, the bed of material is impacted into stairstepping, crack the structural strength of the bed of material etc., the staged impact head utilizes the bump of the stairstepping bed of material, reduce impact resistance etc., increase digging cut dark etc., the piece material granularity that utilizes the stepped bed of material that material is adopted into while next time impacting to be suitable for transporting and to use etc.
Water spraying mechanism and/or humidifier etc. are set on described braces.
Described impact teeth comprises face tooth and/or blanking tooth etc. clearly, and clear face tooth is cleared up into required form with the bed of material, is conducive to supporting, is conducive to fuselage and passes through etc.
The few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises fuselage, running part etc., and dynamic impact problem device etc. is arranged on fuselage, and running part drives the walkings such as fuselage, and fuselage drives the walkings such as dynamic impact problem device.
The few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises elevating mechanism etc., and elevating mechanism comprises vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or translation lifting mechanism etc.
The few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises rocking arm etc., and rocking arm one end is arranged on fuselage, and the other end of rocking arm is connected with the dynamic impact problem device etc.
Described fuselage or running part comprise rotating disc etc., and rotating disc is arranged on the top front end of fuselage or is arranged on underbelly running part top etc.
Described vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or dynamic impact problem device etc. are arranged on rotating disc, and rotating disc rotarily drives the rotations such as vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm, and vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm etc. drive the rotations such as dynamic impact problem device.
Described vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or dynamic impact problem device etc. are arranged on fuselage, and rotating disc drives the rotations such as fuselage, and fuselage drives the rotations such as dynamic impact problem device.
Described rocking arm comprises four connecting rod rocker arm bodies or single rocker arm body etc.
Described single rocker arm body comprises the single rocker arm body of rotation or flexible single rocker arm body or Telescopic rotating list rocker arm body or the single rocker arm body of bending etc.
Described impact head forms the righting of multi-point support structure by support guides such as one or more impact guides and impacts first-class impact direction.
described impact head comprises punching outer layered material mechanism and the interior layered material mechanism of punching etc., rush the close setting of layered material mechanism in outer layered material mechanism and punching, rush outer layered material mechanism and comprise the outer layered material tooth of punching etc., in punching, layered material mechanism comprises the interior layered material tooth of punching etc., rush the shape of outer layered material tooth and/or be arranged with and be beneficial to the outer layered material that will treat the borrow layer and rush etc., rush space between outer layered material tooth be conducive to layered material mechanism in punching rush the material that falls flows out between the space that rushes outer layered material tooth or rush outside layered material mechanism the discharging hole is set will rushes interior layered material mechanism and rush the material discharge that falls etc., in punching, layered material mechanism matches and realizes impacting blanking discharge etc. with the outer layered material of punching mechanism, make fuselage can pass through smoothly continuous borrow etc.
the outer layered material mechanism of described punching comprises the outer layered material tooth of punching, rush outer layered material toothholder, rush outer layered material protector etc., rush that outer layered material toothholder is connected with punching outer layered material tooth split or be integral type etc., in punching, layered material mechanism comprises layered material tooth in punching, layered material toothholder in punching, the interior layered material protector of punching etc., the interior layered material toothholder of punching is connected with layered material tooth split in punching or is integral type etc., rush that outer layered material protector is connected with punching outer layered material toothholder split or be integral type etc., the interior layered material protector of punching is connected with layered material toothholder split in punching or is integral type etc., the dynamic impact problem case drives the outer layered material of punching mechanism and moves back and forth with the interior layered material mechanism of punching, rush outer layered material protector, remain and partially overlap between layered material protector and dynamic impact problem case etc. in punching, prevent that material from entering in punching outer layered material protector and dynamic impact problem case and/or preventing that material from entering the interior layered material protector of punching and the dynamic impact problem case is interior etc.
The outer layered material protector of described punching comprises the outer layered material protected apron of punching etc., rush outer layered material protected apron along the outer layered material toothholder surrounding layout of punching etc., and in punching, the layered material protector comprises in punching layered material protected apron etc., rushes interior layered material protected apron along rushing interior layered material toothholder surrounding layout etc.
In described punching, the layered material protector is with rushing interior layered material toothholder reciprocating motion etc., rush outer layered material protector with rushing outer layered material toothholder reciprocating motion etc., in punching, the outer layered material protected apron laminating of layered material protected apron and punching dynamic impact problem case reciprocating motion and sticking part are provided with anti-wear gap etc.
In described punching, the layered material protected apron comprises the interior layered material protected apron seal of punching etc., rush outer layered material protected apron and comprise the outer layered material protected apron seal of punching etc., in punching, the position of layered material protected apron seal and/or the outer layered material protected apron seal of punching is arranged on the dynamic impact problem case and overlaps all the time end, the dynamic impact problem case comprises dynamic impact problem case seal etc., dynamic impact problem case seal be arranged on rush interior layered material protected apron and the punching outer layered material protected apron overlap all the time end.
In described punching, the layered material protected apron is provided with seal etc. with the interior layered material toothholder joint portion of punching, rushes outer layered material protected apron and is provided with seal etc. with punching outer layered material toothholder joint portion.
Described dynamic impact problem case comprises protected apron stroke groove etc., rush outer layered material protector and comprise the outer layered material protected apron of punching etc., in punching, the layered material protector comprises layered material protected apron etc. in punching, and the part that in punching, the layered material protected apron is adjacent with the outer layered material protected apron of punching moves back and forth etc. in protected apron stroke groove.
Be provided with elastic body etc. in described protected apron stroke groove.
The outer layered material protected apron free end of described punching is provided with layered material protected apron free end in elastic body etc. and/or punching and is provided with elastic body etc.
Described elastic body will rush the material brought into of layered material protected apron in outer layered material protected apron and/or punching by elastic deformation and/or drop into material in protected apron stroke groove etc. and shake off ejection.
Described elastic body absorbs the impact reactive force of layered material mechanism in the outer layered material mechanism of punching and/or punching etc. by elastic deformation.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head, in dynamic impact problem device one or both ends, impact head is set, each end of dynamic impact problem device arranges two above impact heads, and plural impact head becomes to arrange up and down and/or the left and right layout, increased digging height and/or digging width.
(2) the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of this multilayer impact head, driven wheel band nutating gear rotates, travelling gear drives crankshaft rotating, a plurality of impact head impact blankings have been increased, changed when a bent axle is driven one deck impact head impact, for increase mining height with impact head do too highly, wide, cause an impact head to bear low etc. the defect of excessive impact resistance, efficiency;
(3) driven wheel is driven plural driving cog turn rotation can form the up and down and/or left and right multilayer impact head impact structure, a plurality of impact heads have increased mining height and have adopted wide, moderate rationally because of the width height of impact head during each impact head impact, reduced widely impact resistance, reduce the impact reaction of single punching shovel impact headstock and broken other power off with the fingers and thumb, the utilization of a plurality of punching shovel alternately impinge dynamic impact problem is reasonable, and efficiency is high;
(4) be flexibly connected between gear and gear, have certain anti-breaking off with the fingers and thumb and do not reach cushioning effect;
(5) more than one bent axle is symmetrical arranged with respect to central axis, Stability Analysis of Structures, stress equalization;
(6) more than one eccentric shaft is set on central axis, makes central axis drive more than one impact head impact, make central axis namely have transmission agency that the blanking of impact function, the high compact conformation of space availability ratio are arranged again;
(7) eccentric shaft be arranged at travelling gear and/or driven wheel both sides and casing is arranged or rack supporting structure rationally, firm;
(8) a plurality of impact heads are staggered front to back motion, make power concentration impact moment force of explosion large impact intensity on an impact head large, and a plurality of impact head alternately impinge digging heights are large, amplitude broad, efficiency are high;
(9) two adjacent impact heads are staggered front to back motion, and it impacts guide and shares a guide way, saves space and parts;
(10) the gear sidepiece arranges plural eccentric shaft, has further increased digging height and/or width;
(11) anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism is set between connecting rod and impact head, the reaction force that the impact head impact bed of material produces is applied in anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism, rotation anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism's rotating decomposition impact reactive force or split anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism decompose impact reactive force by split shock isolation reaction force or buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism by snubber, avoid impact reactive force to damage the dynamic impact problem device.
(12) rolling guide way and/or suspension guide way have greatly reduced reciprocating impact frictional resistance, have reduced noise, have improved efficiency;
(13) the lubricated fluid passage that arranges on central axis and/or bent axle and/or connecting rod has improved the lubricated and cooling-down effect to central axis, bent axle, connecting rod, has guaranteed the system reliability of operation;
(14) water spraying mechanism that arranges on braces, humidifier have reduced the generation of spark, and the impact tooth has played good cooling effect;
(15) clear face tooth and/or blanking tooth are used in combination, and have realized blanking and clear face, have guaranteed passing through smoothly of fuselage, have improved blanking efficiency.
(16) rotating disc is arranged on the back front end, and vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm are arranged on rotating disc, and rotating disc rotarily drives the rocking arm rotation, and rocking arm drives the rotation of dynamic impact problem device, realizes that multi-faceted impact blanking digs material;
(17) rotating disc is arranged on underbelly running part top, and vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or dynamic impact device are arranged on fuselage, and rotating disc drives the fuselage rotation, and fuselage drives the rotation of dynamic impact problem device, realizes that multi-faceted impact blanking digs material;
(18) four connecting rod rocker arm bodies have guaranteed that the impact guide is parallel with fuselage all the time, have guaranteed the impact head vertical impact bed of material.
(19) the single rocker arm body of rotation or flexible single rocker arm body or Telescopic rotating list rocker arm body or the single rocker arm body of bending have increased the flexibility of impact head impact digging, have enlarged width and/or the height of impact head impact digging.
(20) impact head is formed the impact direction of multi-point support structure righting impact head by plural impact guide support guide, has reduced the pressure and the damage that cause because of Single Impact guide support impact head.
(21) shape of the outer layered material tooth of punching and/or be arranged with the outer layered material that is beneficial to treating the borrow layer and rush, rush space between outer layered material tooth be conducive to layered material mechanism in punching rush the material that falls flows out between the space that rushes outer layered material tooth or rush outside layered material mechanism the discharging hole is set will rushes interior layered material mechanism and rush the material discharge that falls, in punching, layered material mechanism matches and realizes impacting the blanking discharge with the outer layered material of punching mechanism, makes fuselage can pass through smoothly continuous borrow.
(22) in the dynamic impact problem case drives the outer layered material of punching mechanism and rushes, layered material mechanism moves back and forth, rush between outer layered material protector, the interior layered material protector of punching and dynamic impact problem case and remain and partially overlap, prevent that material from entering in the outer layered material protector of punching and dynamic impact problem case and/or preventing that material from entering in the interior layered material protector of punching and dynamic impact problem case, prevent from entering because of material the obstruction of impact stroke between the interior layered material mechanism of dynamic impact problem case and the outer layered material mechanism of punching and/or punching, improved the cleannes of dynamic impact problem device workpiece.
(23) in the punching, the position of layered material protected apron seal and/or the outer layered material protected apron seal of punching is arranged on the dynamic impact problem case and overlaps all the time end, dynamic impact problem case seal be arranged on rush interior layered material protected apron and the punching outer layered material protected apron overlap all the time end, further improve the cleannes of dynamic impact problem device workpiece, guaranteed the safe and reliable of equipment operation.
(24) be provided with elastic body in protected apron stroke groove, rush outer layered material protected apron free end be provided with elastic body and/or the punching in layered material protected apron free end be provided with elastic body, elastic body will rush by elastic deformation the material that in outer layered material protected apron and/or punching, the layered material protected apron is brought into and/or the unclassified stores of dropping in protected apron stroke groove is shaken off ejection, elastic body absorbs the impact reactive force of layered material mechanism in the outer layered material mechanism of punching and/or punching by elastic deformation, guaranteed the safe operation of whole equipment.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the top view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 2;
Fig. 4 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 3;
Fig. 5 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 4;
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment A-A direction of multilayer impact head in embodiment 4;
Fig. 7 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment connecting rod of multilayer impact head in embodiment 5;
Fig. 8 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment connecting rod of multilayer impact head in embodiment 6;
Fig. 9 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment connecting rod of multilayer impact head in embodiment 7;
Figure 10 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment impact head of multilayer impact head in embodiment 8;
Figure 11 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 9;
Figure 12 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 10;
Figure 13 is the front view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 11;
Figure 14 is the top view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 12;
Figure 15 is the front view of the outer layered material of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment punching of multilayer impact head mechanism in embodiment 13;
Figure 16 is the top view of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head in embodiment 14;
In figure: 1, dynamic impact problem device; 2, impact head; 3, dynamic impact problem case; 4, beater mechanism; 5, guiding mechanism; 6, casing; 7, central axis; 8, driven wheel; 9, travelling gear; 10, bent axle; 11, connecting rod; 12, impact guide; 13, plug hammer; 14, stopper rod; 15, anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism; 16, guide support; 17, guide way; 18, lubricated fluid passage; 19, impact teeth; 20, braces; 21, water spraying mechanism; 22, fuselage; 23, running part; 24, elevating mechanism; 25, rotating disc; 26, Telescopic rotating list rocker arm body; 27, the single rocker arm body of bending; 28, the outer layered material of punching mechanism; 29, layered material mechanism in the punching; 30, the outer layered material tooth of punching; 31, the outer layered material toothholder of punching; 32, the outer layered material protector of punching; 33, layered material tooth in the punching; 34, layered material toothholder in the punching; 35, layered material protector in the punching; 36, protected apron stroke groove; 37, elastic body.
The specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 1, the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head comprises dynamic impact problem device 1, impact head 2, at dynamic impact problem device 1 two ends, impact head 2 is set, dynamic impact problem device 1 each end arranges two impact heads 2, two impact heads 2 are up and down to be arranged, increases digging height.
Described dynamic impact problem device 1 can arrange impact head 2 by an end.
Described dynamic impact problem device 1 each end can arrange plural impact head.
Described impact head 2 can be left and right to be arranged, increases the digging width.
Embodiment 2
Fig. 2, Fig. 3 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 2, comprise dynamic impact problem device 1, dynamic impact problem device 1 is dynamic impact problem case 3, dynamic impact problem case 3 comprises beater mechanism 4, guiding mechanism 5, casing 6, beater mechanism 4 is electric impacting mechanism, electric impacting mechanism comprises central axis 7, driven wheel 8, travelling gear 9, bent axle 10, connecting rod 11, casing 6 centre of support axles 7, driven wheel 8 is arranged on central axis 7, casing 6 supports bent axle 10, travelling gear 9 is arranged on bent axle 10, travelling gear 9 is connected with bent axle 10 splits, driven wheel 8 and travelling gear 9 engagements, one end of connecting rod 11 is connected with bent axle 10, the other end is connected with impact head 2, casing 6 support guide mechanisms 5, guiding mechanism 5 comprises impact guide 12, the two ends of impacting guide 12 arrange impact head 2, impacting guide 12 is connected with impact head 2 splits, central axis 7 drives driven wheel 8 and rotates, driven wheel 8 band nutating gears 9 rotate, travelling gear 9 band bent axle 10 rotations, bent axle 10 drivening rods 11 move back and forth, connecting rod 11 drives impact head 2 and moves back and forth, impact head 2 moves back and forth by impacting guide 12 guiding.
Described dynamic impact problem device 1 can be the dynamic impact problem support.
Described beater mechanism 4 can be hydraulic impact mechanism or gas impact machine.
Described driven wheel 8 can be integral type with central axis 7.
Described travelling gear 9 can be integral type with bent axle 10.
Described impact guide 12 and impact head 2 can splits or are integral type.
Described bent axle 10 comprises two eccentric shafts.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
Fig. 4 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 3, dynamic impact problem device 1 comprises casing 6, plug hammer 13, control valve, casing 6 comprises two cavitys, and two plug hammers 13 are set in two cavitys, and plug hammer 13 comprises stopper rod 14, stopper rod 14 1 ends are provided with anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15, control valve is controlled liquid, and two plug hammers 13 of liquid driven move back and forth, and two plug hammers 13 drive two impact head 2 reciprocating impacts, two cavitys become up and down to arrange, increase digging height.
Described control valve can also be controlled gas, and gas-powered plug hammer 13 moves back and forth.
Described two cavitys can also be left and right to be arranged, increases the digging width.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
Fig. 5, Fig. 6 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 4, dynamic impact problem device 1 comprises guiding mechanism 5, guiding mechanism 5 is the rolling friction guiding mechanism, guiding mechanism 5 comprises impact guide 12, guide support 16, guide way 17, guide support and casing 6 are integral type, between guide support 16 and impact guide 12, guide way 17 is set, two impact heads 2 are staggered front to back motion, two adjacent impact guides that are staggered front to back motion 12 of impact head 2 share a guide way 17 and save space, guide way is waist drum wheel rolling guide way.
Described guiding mechanism 5 can also be the friction guiding mechanism that suspends.
Described guide way 17 can be suspension guide way or rolling guide way.
described rolling guide way can also be the spherical rolling guide way, or oval rolling guide way, or dumb-bell shape rolling guide way, or cylindrical rolling guide way, or taper rolling guide way, or annular rolling guide way, or roller rolling guide way, or platform shape post rolling guide way, or platform shape ball rolling guide way, or platform shape drum rolling guide way, or flute profile drum rolling guide way, or channel column rolling guide way, or flute profile ball rolling guide way, or flute profile roller rolling guide way, or the oval rolling guide way of flute profile, or tape spool rolling guide way, or rolling guide way with holes, or many ribs key rolling guide way, or many rib cover rolling guide waies, or roll the drum-shaped rolling guide way, or ball rolling guide way, or needle roller rolling guide way, or rollers roll guide way, or linear bearing rolling guide way etc.
Described suspension guide way can be suspension guide way or suspension gas guide way or suspension magnetic steering body.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
Fig. 7 is the connecting rod 11 of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 5, connecting rod 11 1 ends are provided with anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15, anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15 is buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism, buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism is set to the dish spring, the dish spring decomposes impact reactive force by snubber, avoids impact reactive force to damage the dynamic impact problem device.
Described anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15 can also be rotation anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism or split anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism.
Described rotation anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism can be oscillating bearing or steering union joint or rzeppa joint or candan universal joint or bulb buckle-groove type or arc buckle-groove type etc.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 6
Fig. 8 is the connecting rod 11 of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 6, connecting rod 11 1 ends are provided with anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15, anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15 is buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism, buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism is set to the polyurethane cushion block, the polyurethane cushion block decomposes impact reactive force by snubber, avoid impact reactive force to damage the dynamic impact problem device, connecting rod 11 is provided with lubricated fluid passage 18.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 7
Fig. 9 is the connecting rod 11 of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 7, connecting rod 11 1 ends are provided with anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15, anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism 15 is buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism, buffering anti-tamper dynamic impact spare mechanism is set to spring, spring decomposes impact reactive force by snubber, avoids impact reactive force to damage the dynamic impact problem device.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 8
Figure 10 is the impact head of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 8, impact head comprises impact teeth 19, braces 20, impact teeth 19 is arranged in stepped on braces 20, form the staged impact head, the bed of material is impacted into stairstepping, crack the compressive stress of the bed of material, the staged impact head utilizes the bump of the stairstepping bed of material, reduce impact resistance, increasing digging cuts dark, utilize the stepped bed of material that material is adopted into and is suitable for the piece material granularity that transports and use next time while impacting, water spraying mechanism 21 is set on braces.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 9
Figure 11 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 9, comprise dynamic impact problem device 1, impact head 2, fuselage 22, running part 23, elevating mechanism 24, elevating mechanism 24 is rocking arm; rocking arm is set to four connecting rod rocker arm bodies; rocking arm one end is arranged on fuselage 22; other end of rocking arm is connected with dynamic impact problem device 1, and running part 23 drives fuselage 22 walkings, and fuselage 22 drives 1 walking of dynamic impact problem device.
Described elevating mechanism 24 can be vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or translation lifting mechanism.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 10
Figure 12 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 10, fuselage 22 comprises rotating disc 25, rotating disc 25 is arranged on the top front end of fuselage 22; rocking arm is arranged on rotating disc 25; rotating disc 25 rotarily drives the rocking arm rotation; rocking arm drives 1 rotation of dynamic impact problem device, and rocking arm is single rocker arm body, and single rocker arm body is Telescopic rotating list rocker arm body 26.
Described single rocker arm body can also be for rotating single rocker arm body or flexible single rocker arm body or the single rocker arm body of bending.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 11
Figure 13 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 11, running part 23 comprises rotating disc 25, rotating disc 25 is arranged on fuselage 22 lower running section 23 tops; rocking arm one end is arranged on fuselage 22; other end of rocking arm is connected with dynamic impact problem device 1; rocking arm is the single rocker arm body 27 of bending; rotating disc 25 drives fuselage 22 rotations; fuselage 22 drives 1 rotation of dynamic impact problem device, and impact head 2 is formed the impact direction of multi-point support structure righting impact head 2 by plural impact guide 12 support guides.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 12
Figure 14 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 12, impact head 2 comprises layered material mechanism 29 in the outer layered material of punching mechanism 28 and punching, rush the close setting of layered material mechanism 29 in outer layered material mechanism 28 and punching, rush outer layered material mechanism 28 and comprise the outer layered material tooth 30 of punching, rush outer layered material toothholder 31, rush outer layered material protector 32, rushing outer layered material toothholder 31 is connected with outer layered material tooth 30 splits of punching, in punching, layered material mechanism 29 comprises layered material tooth 33 in punching, layered material toothholder 34 in punching, layered material protector 35 in punching, in punching, layered material toothholder 34 is connected with layered material tooth 33 splits in punching, rushing outer layered material protector 32 is connected with outer layered material toothholder 31 splits of punching, in punching, layered material protector 35 is connected with layered material toothholder 34 splits in punching, dynamic impact problem case 3 drives the outer layered material of punching mechanism 28 and moves back and forth with the interior layered material mechanism 29 of punching, rush outer layered material protector 32, remain and partially overlap between layered material protector 35 and dynamic impact problem case 3 in punching, prevent that material from entering in punching outer layered material protector 32 and dynamic impact problem case 3 and/or preventing that material from entering in punching in layered material protector 35 and dynamic impact problem case 3, rush the shape of outer layered material tooth 30 and/or be arranged with the outer layered material that is beneficial to treating the borrow layer and rush, rushing space between outer layered material tooth 30 is conducive to the material that 29 punchings of layered material mechanism in punching fall is flowed out between the space that rushes outer layered material tooth 30 or rush outer layered material mechanism 29 and the discharging hole is set will rushes interior layered material mechanism 29 and rush the material discharge that falls, in punching, layered material mechanism 29 matches and realizes impacting the blanking discharge with the outer layered material of punching mechanism 28, make fuselage 22 can pass through smoothly continuous borrow.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 13
Figure 15 is the outer layered material of rushing of the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 13 mechanism, rushing outer layered material mechanism 28 comprises the outer layered material tooth 30 of punching, the outer layered material toothholder 31 of punching, rushes outer layered material protector 32, rushing outer layered material tooth 30 is integral type with the outer layered material toothholder 31 of punching, rush outer layered material protector 32 and be the outer layered material protected apron of punching, rush outer layered material protected apron layered material toothholder surrounding outside punching and arrange, rush outer layered material protected apron and move back and forth with the outer layered material toothholder 31 of punching.
Other are with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 14
Figure 16 is the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of the multilayer impact head described in embodiment 14, dynamic impact problem case 3 comprises protected apron stroke groove 36, rush outer layered material protector 32 and be the outer layered material protected apron of punching, in punching, layered material protector 35 is layered material protected apron in punching, the part that in punching, the layered material protected apron is adjacent with the outer layered material protected apron of punching is in the 36 interior reciprocating motions of protected apron stroke groove, be provided with elastic body 37 in protected apron stroke groove 36, elastic body 37 will rush by elastic deformation the material that in outer layered material protected apron and/or punching, the layered material protected apron is brought into and/or the material of dropping in protected apron stroke groove 36 shaken off ejection, elastic body 37 absorbs the impact reactive force of layered material mechanism 29 in the outer layered material of punching mechanism 28 and/or punching by elastic deformation.
Described elastic body 37 can be arranged at layered material protected apron free end in the outer layered material protected apron free end of punching and/or punching.
Other are with embodiment 1.

Claims (45)

1. a multilayer impact head lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head comprises dynamic impact problem device, impact head, it is characterized in that: in dynamic impact problem device one or both ends, impact head is set, each end of dynamic impact problem device arranges two above impact heads, plural impact head is to be arranged and/or the left and right layout up and down, increases digging height and/or digging width.
2. multilayer impact head according to claim 1 lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, it is characterized in that: the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises the dynamic impact problem device, the dynamic impact problem device comprises dynamic impact problem case or dynamic impact problem support, the dynamic impact problem case comprises beater mechanism, guiding mechanism, casing, beater mechanism comprises hydraulic impact mechanism or gas impact machine or electric impacting mechanism, electric impacting mechanism comprises central axis, driven wheel, travelling gear, bent axle, connecting rod, connecting rod comprises dynamic impact spare, connecting rod is connected or integral type with the split of dynamic impact spare, the case supports central axis, driven wheel be arranged on central axis or with central axis be integral type, the case supports bent axle, travelling gear is arranged on bent axle, travelling gear is connected with the bent axle split or is integral type, driven wheel and travelling gear engagement, one end of connecting rod is connected with bent axle, the other end is connected with impact head, the case supports guiding mechanism, guiding mechanism comprises the impact guide, the one or both ends of impacting guide arrange impact head, the impact guide is with the impact head split or split is connected or be integral type, central axis drives driven wheel and rotates, driven wheel band nutating gear rotates, travelling gear drives crankshaft rotating, the bent axle drivening rod moves back and forth, connecting rod drives impact head and moves back and forth, impact head moves back and forth by impacting the guide guiding.The impact guide is with the split of dynamic impact spare or split is connected or integral type.
3. multilayer impact head according to claim 1 lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact problem device comprises casing, plug hammer, control valve, casing comprises two with upper cavity, hammer into shape with top plug to arrange two in upper cavity for two, control valve is controlled liquid or gas, two of liquid or gas-powered move back and forth with the top plug hammer, two drive two above impact head reciprocating impacts with the top plug hammer, two become to arrange up and down and/or the left and right layout with upper cavity, increase digging height or width.
4. multilayer impact head according to claim 3 lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, it is characterized in that: described plug hammer comprises that stopper rod, stopper rod one or both ends are provided with anti-tamper driver part structure.
5. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the more than one travelling gear of described driven wheel drive.
6. multilayer impact head according to claim 2 lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, and it is characterized in that: described bent axle and/or central axis comprise two or more eccentric shafts.
7. multilayer impact head according to claim 2 lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, it is characterized in that: described travelling gear band nutating gear rotates, and each travelling gear drives crankshaft rotating, and more than one eccentric shaft is set on bent axle at least.
8. multilayer impact head according to claim 2 lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, and it is characterized in that: described more than one bent axle is symmetrical arranged with respect to central axis or asymmetric setting.
9. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 2, is characterized in that: more than one eccentric shaft, eccentric shaft and rod hinge connection are set on described central axis.
10. multilayer impact head according to claim 6 lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment, and it is characterized in that: described eccentric shaft is arranged at travelling gear and/or the more than one sidepiece of driven wheel.
11. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact problem device comprises guiding mechanism, guiding mechanism comprises suspend friction guiding mechanism or rolling friction guiding mechanism or sliding friction guiding mechanism, guiding mechanism comprises impact guide, guide support, guide way, guide support is with the casing split or split is connected or be integral type, between guide support and impact guide, guide way is set.
12. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described two impact heads are staggered front to back motion.
13. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the impact guide that is staggered front to back motion that described two impact heads are adjacent shares a guide way and saves space.
14. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 2 is characterized in that: a described connecting rod drives one or more impact head.
15. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described connecting rod one or both ends are provided with anti-tamper driver part structure, anti-tamper driver part structure comprises rotation anti-tamper driver part structure or split anti-tamper driver part structure or buffering anti-tamper driver part structure, the reaction force that the impact head impact bed of material produces is applied on anti-tamper driver part structure, rotation anti-tamper driver part structure rotating decomposition impact reactive force or split anti-tamper driver part structure are decomposed impact reactive force by split shock isolation reaction force or buffering anti-tamper driver part structure by snubber, avoid impact reactive force to damage the dynamic impact problem device.
16. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 15, it is characterized in that: described rotation anti-tamper driver part structure comprises oscillating bearing or steering union joint or rzeppa joint or candan universal joint or bulb buckle-groove type or arc buckle-groove type.
17. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 11, it is characterized in that: described guide way comprises suspension guide way or rolling guide way.
18. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 17, it is characterized in that: described rolling guide way comprises the spherical rolling guide way, or oval rolling guide way, or dumb-bell shape rolling guide way, or cylindrical rolling guide way, or taper rolling guide way, or annular rolling guide way, or roller rolling guide way, or platform shape post rolling guide way, or platform shape ball rolling guide way, or platform shape drum rolling guide way, or flute profile drum rolling guide way, or channel column rolling guide way, or flute profile ball rolling guide way, or flute profile roller rolling guide way, or the oval rolling guide way of flute profile, or tape spool rolling guide way, or rolling guide way with holes, or many ribs key rolling guide way, or many rib cover rolling guide waies, or roll the drum-shaped rolling guide way, or ball rolling guide way, or needle roller rolling guide way, or rollers roll guide way, or linear bearing rolling guide way, or waist drum wheel rolling guide way, or combined rolling guide way.
19. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 17, it is characterized in that: described suspension guide way comprises suspension guide way or suspension gas guide way or suspension magnetic steering body.
20. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described a plurality of impact head alternately impinge materials, reduce a plurality of impact heads and impact simultaneously the damage of the reaction force impact power set of generation.
21. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 2, is characterized in that: be provided with lubricated fluid passage on described central axis and/or bent axle and/or connecting rod.
22. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact head comprises impact teeth, braces.
23. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 22, it is characterized in that: described impact teeth is arranged in stepped on braces, form staged impact head or taper impact head, the bed of material is impacted into stairstepping, crack structure and/or the intensity of the bed of material, the staged impact head utilizes the bump of the stairstepping bed of material, reduces impact resistance, the increase digging cuts dark, utilizes the stepped bed of material that material is adopted into and is suitable for the piece material granularity that transports and/or use while impacting next time.
24. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 22, is characterized in that: water spraying mechanism and/or humidifier are set on described braces.
25. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 22, it is characterized in that: described impact teeth comprises face tooth and/or blanking tooth clearly, and clear face tooth is cleared up into required form with the bed of material, is conducive to fuselage and passes through.
26. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises fuselage, running part, the dynamic impact problem device is arranged on fuselage, running part drives the fuselage walking, and fuselage drives the walking of dynamic impact problem device.
27. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises elevating mechanism, and elevating mechanism comprises vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or translation lifting mechanism.
28. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head comprises rocking arm; rocking arm one end is arranged on fuselage, and the other end of rocking arm is connected with the dynamic impact problem device.
29. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 26, it is characterized in that: described fuselage or running part comprise rotating disc, and rotating disc is arranged on the top front end of fuselage or is arranged on underbelly running part top.
30. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 27, it is characterized in that: described vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or dynamic impact problem device are arranged on rotating disc, rotating disc rotarily drives vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm rotation, and vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm drive the rotation of dynamic impact problem device.
31. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 27, it is characterized in that: described vertical lifting mechanism or rocking arm or dynamic impact problem device are arranged on fuselage, rotating disc drives the fuselage rotation, and fuselage drives the rotation of dynamic impact problem device.
32. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 27, it is characterized in that: described rocking arm comprises four connecting rod rocker arm bodies or single rocker arm body.
33. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 32 is characterized in that: described single rocker arm body comprises the single rocker arm body of rotation or flexible single rocker arm body or Telescopic rotating list rocker arm body or the single rocker arm body of bending.
34. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact head is formed the impact direction of multi-point support structure righting impact head by one or more impact guide support guide.
35. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described impact head comprises layered material mechanism in the outer layered material mechanism of punching and/or punching, rush the close setting of layered material mechanism in outer layered material mechanism and punching, rush outer layered material mechanism and comprise the outer layered material tooth of punching, in punching, layered material mechanism comprises layered material tooth in punching, rush the shape of outer layered material tooth and/or be arranged with the outer layered material that is beneficial to treating the borrow layer and rush, rush space between outer layered material tooth be conducive to layered material mechanism in punching rush the material that falls flows out between the space that rushes outer layered material tooth or rush outside layered material mechanism the discharging hole is set will rushes interior layered material mechanism and rush the material discharge that falls, in punching, layered material mechanism matches and realizes impacting the blanking discharge with the outer layered material of punching mechanism, make fuselage can pass through smoothly continuous borrow.
36. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 35, it is characterized in that: the outer layered material mechanism of described punching comprises the outer layered material tooth of punching, rush outer layered material toothholder, rush outer layered material protector, rush that outer layered material toothholder is connected with punching outer layered material tooth split or be integral type, in punching, layered material mechanism comprises layered material tooth in punching, layered material toothholder in punching, layered material protector in punching, the interior layered material toothholder of punching is connected with layered material tooth split in punching or is integral type, rush that outer layered material protector is connected with punching outer layered material toothholder split or be integral type, the interior layered material protector of punching is connected with layered material toothholder split in punching or is integral type, the dynamic impact problem case drives layered material mechanism in the outer layered material mechanism of punching and/or punching and moves back and forth, rush outer layered material protector, remain and partially overlap between layered material protector and dynamic impact problem case in punching, prevent that material from entering in the outer layered material protector of punching and dynamic impact problem case and/or preventing that material from entering in the interior layered material protector of punching and dynamic impact problem case.
37. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 36, it is characterized in that: the outer layered material protector of described punching comprises the outer layered material protected apron of punching, rush outer layered material protected apron layered material toothholder surrounding or local layout outside punching, in punching, the layered material protector comprises layered material protected apron in punching, and in punching, the layered material protected apron is along layered material toothholder surrounding in punching or local the layout.
38. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 36, it is characterized in that: in described punching, the layered material protector moves back and forth with layered material toothholder in punching, rush outer layered material protector with the outer layered material toothholder reciprocating motion of punching, in punching, the outer layered material protected apron laminating of layered material protected apron and/or punching dynamic impact problem case reciprocating motion and sticking part are provided with anti-wear gap.
39. described multilayer impact head lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment according to claim 37, it is characterized in that: in described punching, the layered material protected apron comprises layered material protected apron seal in punching, rush outer layered material protected apron and comprise the outer layered material protected apron seal of punching, in punching, the position of layered material protected apron seal and/or the outer layered material protected apron seal of punching is arranged on the dynamic impact problem case and overlaps all the time end, the dynamic impact problem case comprises dynamic impact problem case seal, dynamic impact problem case seal be arranged on rush interior layered material protected apron and/or the punching outer layered material protected apron overlap all the time end.
40. described multilayer impact head lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment according to claim 37, it is characterized in that: in described punching, the layered material protected apron is provided with seal with the interior layered material toothholder joint portion of punching, rushes outer layered material protected apron and is provided with seal with punching outer layered material toothholder joint portion.
41. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described dynamic impact problem case comprises protected apron stroke groove, rush outer layered material protector and comprise the outer layered material protected apron of punching, in punching, the layered material protector comprises layered material protected apron in punching, and in punching, layered material protected apron and/or the adjacent part of the outer layered material protected apron of punching move back and forth in protected apron stroke groove.
42. the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of described multilayer impact head, is characterized in that: be provided with elastic body in described protected apron stroke groove according to claim 41.
43. described multilayer impact head lacks resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment according to claim 37, it is characterized in that: the outer layered material protected apron free end of described punching is provided with layered material protected apron free end in elastic body and/or punching and is provided with elastic body.
44. according to claim 42, the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of 43 described multilayer impact heads, it is characterized in that: described elastic body will rush outer layered material protected apron by elastic deformation and/or rush the material that interior layered material protected apron brings into and/or the material of dropping in protected apron stroke groove is shaken off ejection.
45. according to claim 42, the few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of 43 described multilayer impact heads, it is characterized in that: described elastic body absorbs the outer layered material mechanism of punching by elastic deformation and/or rushes the impact reactive force of interior layered material mechanism.
CN201310181071.1A 2012-05-12 2013-05-10 The few resistance high-efficiency rate extractive equipment of multilayer impact head Active CN103388475B (en)

Priority Applications (130)

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CN201210155169.5 2012-05-12
CN201210155169 2012-05-12
CN201210155148.3 2012-05-12
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CN201210226673X 2012-06-24
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CN201210226780.2 2012-06-28
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CN201210297181 2012-08-06
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