CN103388257A - Washing method of light-color seriously-blotted public textile - Google Patents

Washing method of light-color seriously-blotted public textile Download PDF

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CN103388257A
CN103388257A CN2013103372783A CN201310337278A CN103388257A CN 103388257 A CN103388257 A CN 103388257A CN 2013103372783 A CN2013103372783 A CN 2013103372783A CN 201310337278 A CN201310337278 A CN 201310337278A CN 103388257 A CN103388257 A CN 103388257A
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washing
textile
sodium
amidine
common
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CN2013103372783A
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Chinese (zh)
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冉祥凤
雷霞
安志泉
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天津成育庭科技有限公司
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Publication of CN103388257A publication Critical patent/CN103388257A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a washing method of a light-color seriously-blotted public textile. The washing method comprises the steps of prewashing, namely decomposing dirt on the seriously-blotted public textile by utilizing bi-isocyano amidine perborate as a main agent, standing under the condition of keeping the boiling point, and overturning the seriously-blotted public textile; cleaning, namely decomposing non-pigment depositions on the light-color seriously-blotted public textile by utilizing bi-isocyano amidine perborate as the main agent; decoloring, namely removing pigment substances on the light-color seriously-blotted public textile by utilizing sodium percarbonate as a main agent under the condition of keeping the boiling point; performing enhanced washing, namely performing a washing process that cleaning and decoloring are performed at the same time, and performing washing and blanching in one bath by utilizing bi-isocyano amidine perborate and sodium percarbonate as main agents. The washing method provided by the invention has the beneficial effects of obviously improving the washing quality, achieving the whiteness as high as 75-85, and basically solving the problem of washing quality of the light-color seriously-blotted public textile.

Description

浅色重渍公共纺织品洗涤方法 Public light weight textile washing process stains

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于纺织品洗涤技术领域,尤其涉及一种浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of washing textiles, in particular to a light weight of common textile washing process collapse. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 污溃也是污垢的一种,很多洗涤剂不能完全除掉,或根本不能除掉,如脂类、色素沾污等,污溃的去除因种类、性质不同,须采用乳化、氧化、还原、溶解等不同的物理、化学方法进行处理。 [0002] is also a crushed soil pollution, many of the detergent can not be completely removed, or simply can not be removed, such as lipids, pigments and other contamination, dirt removal collapse depending on the type, the different nature shall emulsification, oxidation, reduction, dissolution of different physical and chemical methods for processing.

[0003] 国际洗涤业对此已有针对行的新品开发报道,而国内还没有这方面的系统研究。 [0003] International washing industry as has been reported for a line of new product development, but there are no systematic research in this area. 洗涤方法随着时代的进步也再不断改进,但仍然有许多方法不尽科学,造成洗涤后公共纺织品泛黄、陈旧、强力下降、织物组织变形等,比如我们在火车上经常感受到卧铺的单子及被子泛黄及陈旧,但是其强力还很好。 Washing with the progress of the times and then also continue to improve, but there are still many different scientific methods, resulting in washed textiles public yellowed, old, strength decreased, weave deformation, such as we often feel sleeper on the train list quilts and old and yellowed, but its strength is also very good. 如果不能将这些污溃洗掉就会影响织物的美观,看起来不卫生,为此当今社会迫切需要一种适合国内公共纺织品洗涤洗衣行业的浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤技术。 If you can not wash off these dirty collapse will affect the appearance of the fabric that looks unhealthy, for which today's society urgent need for a light-colored suit domestic public textile washing textile washing laundry industry public technology heavy collapse.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于解决现有技术洗涤的公共纺织品泛黄、陈旧、强力下降以及织物组织变形等问题,提供一种对浅色重溃公共纺织品洗净率高、白度好、节水节电的纺织品洗涤方法,明显改善了洗涤质量,并且从根本上解决了浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤质量问题。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to solve the prior art washing textiles public yellowing, old, tissue deformation strength decreased as well as fabrics and other issues, there is provided a light weight of common textile collapse wash rate, whiteness, Section textile washing method of saving water, significantly improved the quality of washing, washing and addresses the quality of public light weight textile collapse problem fundamentally.

[0005] 本发明采取以下技术方案,其特征在于主要包括以下步骤: [0005] The present invention adopts the following technical scheme, characterized by primarily comprising the steps of:

[0006] I)预洗:以二异氰脒酸钠为主剂,加入渗透剂、过碳酸钠,对重溃公共纺织品上的污垢进行分解,在保持沸点的条件下静置,对重溃公共纺织品进行翻转; [0006] I) prewashed: amidine using sodium diisocyanate-based agent, added penetrants, sodium percarbonate, collapse of heavy dirt on a common textile decomposition, allowed to stand at the boiling point of holding the counterweight collapse public textiles flip;

[0007] 2)清洗:以二异氰脒酸钠作为主剂,添加调减剂、助洗齐IJ、还原剂、助练齐IJ、乳化剂,以清除浅色重溃公共纺织品上的非色素类沉积物; [0007] 2) Cleaning: amidine using sodium diisocyanate as the main agent, is added Diaojian agent, builder IJ together, reducing agents, co practicing Qi IJ, emulsifiers, to remove heavy non-ulcer on a common light textiles pigments deposits;

[0008] 3)脱色:以过碳酸钠为主,配以稳定剂、乳化剂、偏硅酸钠,在保持沸点的条件下,对浅色重溃公共纺织品上的色素物质进行清除; [0008] 3) bleaching: mainly sodium percarbonate, together with stabilizers, emulsifiers, sodium metasilicate, held at the boiling point, of light weight pigment material crushed on the common clear textiles;

[0009] 4)加强洗涤:清洗加脱色同时进行的洗涤过程,以二异氰脒酸钠和过碳酸钠为主剂,加入乳化剂,使洗涤、漂白一浴进行。 [0009] 4) Strengthening washing: cleaning and bleaching washing process simultaneously, to a diisocyanate and an amidine sodium percarbonate-based agent, an emulsifying agent, the washing, a bleach bath.

[0010] 所述步骤I)中预洗工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠l-3g/L,渗透剂0.05-0.lg/L,过碳酸钠0.2-0.3g/L,浴比为1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,洗涤时间30-40 分钟。 [0010] The step I) Formulation and process conditions for the pre-wash: amidine diisocyanates sodium l-3g / L, penetrants 0.05-0.lg / L, sodium percarbonate 0.2-0.3g / L, bath ratio of 1: 8-1: 10, a temperature of 98-100 ° C, the washing time is 30-40 minutes.

[0011] 所述步骤I)中,对重溃公共纺织品翻转的次数为1-2次。 [0011] The step I), the number of re-collapse of the common textile inverted 1-2 times.

[0012] 所述步骤2)中清洗工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠5-8g/L,调碱剂S-1Og/L,助洗剂3-4g/L,还原剂l-2g/L,助练剂0.5-lg/L,乳化剂l_3g/L,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,清洗时间90-120分钟。 Formulation and Process Condition Cleaning [0012] step 2) as: sodium diisocyanate amidine 5-8g / L, adjusted alkaline agent S-1Og / L, builders 3-4g / L, the reducing agent l -2g / L, co-agent practicing 0.5-lg / L, emulsifiers l_3g / L, a liquor ratio 1: 8-1: 10, a temperature of 98-100 ° C, 90-120 min cleaning time.

[0013] 所述步骤3)中脱色工艺的配方及条件为:稳定剂2_4g/L,乳化剂l_2g/L,偏硅酸钠5-8g/L,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,脱色时间30-40分钟。 Formulation and Conditions [0013] The Step 3) as the bleaching process: stabilizer 2_4g / L, emulsifiers l_2g / L, sodium metasilicate 5-8g / L, a liquor ratio 1: 8-1: 10, temperature 98-100 ° C, 30-40 minutes bleaching time. [0014] 所述步骤4)中加强洗涤工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L,PH值10.5-11,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98_100°C,洗涤脱色时间50-60分钟。 [0014] step 4) Strengthening washing process recipe and conditions: sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, sodium percarbonate 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, PH value of 10.5-11, liquor ratio : 8-1: 10, temperature 98_100 ° C, washed with the adsorption time 50-60 minutes.

[0015] 本发明的有益效果为:脱色过程使用过碳酸钠与活化剂配合,将浅色重溃公共纺织品上的色素物质(醌式结构的发色基团)转化为无色的化合物(苯式结构的无色体),可按需量控制释氧量的百分比,脱色效果明显优于次氯酸钠漂白及双氧水漂白,漂后浅色重溃公共纺织品不泛黄,由于处理条件温和,所以对浅色重溃公共纺织品没有损伤。 [0015] Advantageous effects of the present invention are: bleaching process uses sodium percarbonate with an activator with the light weight material crushed dye (chromophore quinoid structures) on the common textile into a colorless compound (benzene leuco type structure), may be needed to control the amount of oxygen release percentage, decoloring better than Clorox bleach and hydrogen peroxide bleaching, the bleaching crushed light weight textile common non-yellowing, due to the mild processing conditions, the shallow color heavy collapse of public textile no damage. 加强洗涤使浅色重溃公共纺织品等保持白度、毛细血管效应和强力的一致性。 Strengthening washed crushed so light weight and other common textile whiteness, strong capillary effect and consistency. 本发明将洗涤、漂白一浴进行,节能节水,并从根本上解决了洗净质量问题,使浅色重溃公共纺织品等白度值及洗涤质量明显提高,操作便捷易掌握,使洗后的织物洁净,无化纤织物洗后不变形起皱,易于烫整,降低消耗,经济效益和社会效益明显,本发明的工艺使浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤后的白度值可达75-85。 The present invention will be washed, a bleaching bath, energy saving, and the washing solution from the fundamental quality, light weight so that crushed washing quality and whiteness values ​​common textiles significantly improved, convenient and easy to grasp operation, so washed clean fabrics, synthetic fabrics washed without deformation without wrinkling, easy ironing whole, reduced consumption, significant economic and social benefits, the process of the present invention enables the light weight of crushed whiteness after washing up the common textile 75-85 . 本发明的技术适用于医院、宾馆等公共场所单位纺织品的洗涤。 The techniques of this invention are applicable to washing hospitals, hotels and other public places textiles.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0016] 下面结合实施例对本发明做进一步解释说明。 [0016] The following embodiments in conjunction with embodiments of the present invention further explanation.

[0017] 本发明提供一种浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法,其具体的工艺步骤为: [0017] The present invention provides a method for washing light weight textile public collapse, the specific process steps:

[0018] I)预洗:以二异氰脒酸钠为主剂,加入适量的渗透剂、过碳酸钠,对重溃公共纺织品上的污垢进行分解,分解过程依赖的机械力很小,在保持沸点的条件下,静置,对重溃公共纺织品进行翻转。 [0018] I) prewashed: amidine using sodium diisocyanate-based agent, an appropriate amount of osmotic agent, sodium percarbonate, heavy fouling from the public textiles collapse the decomposition process depends on the mechanical force is very small, under conditions remain the boiling point and allowed to stand for re-collapse of public textile flip. 工艺配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠l_3g/L,渗透剂0.05-0.lg/L,过碳酸钠0.2-0.3g/L,浴比为1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,洗涤时间30-40分钟,翻转次数为1-2次,使污垢从重溃公共纺织品上分解下来; Process recipe and conditions: amidine diisocyanate sodium l_3g / L, penetrants 0.05-0.lg / L, sodium percarbonate 0.2-0.3g / L, a liquor ratio of 1: 8-1: 10, temperature 98- 100 ° C, the washing time is 30-40 minutes, 1-2 times a number of turns, so that the heavy dirt on a common textile crushed down decomposition;

[0019] 2)清洗:以二异氰脒酸钠作为主剂,添加调减剂、助洗剂、还原剂、助练剂、乳化齐U,通过润湿、渗透、乳化、增容、吸附、助洗等作用,完全彻底地清除浅色重溃公共纺织品上的非色素类沉积物。 [0019] 2) Cleaning: amidine using sodium diisocyanate as the main agent, is added Tiaojian, builders, reducing agents, co-training, emulsifying homogeneous U, by wetting, penetration, emulsification, compatibilization, adsorption , builders and so on, fully and completely remove heavy deposits of non pigments public collapse on light-colored textiles. 清洗工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠5-8g/L,调碱剂S-1Og/L,助洗剂3-4g/L,还原剂l-2g/L,助练剂0.5-lg/L,乳化剂l_3g/L,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,清洗时间90-120分钟,以洗净重溃公共纺织品上沉积的未投净物、色素等; Formulations and cleaning process conditions were: sodium diisocyanate amidine 5-8g / L, adjusted alkaline agent S-1Og / L, builders 3-4g / L, the reducing agent l-2g / L, co-agent training 0.5 -lg / L, emulsifiers l_3g / L, a liquor ratio 1: 8-1: 10, a temperature of 98-100 ° C, 90-120 minutes washing time to wash heavy collapse deposited on a common textile net was not administered, pigments;

[0020] 3)脱色:以过碳酸钠为主,配以稳定剂、乳化剂、偏硅酸钠,将浅色重溃公共纺织品上的色素物质(醌式结构的发色基团)转化为无色的化合物(苯式结构的无色体),在保持沸点的条件下,对浅色重溃公共纺织品上的色素物质进行清除。 [0020] 3) bleaching: mainly sodium percarbonate, together with stabilizers, emulsifiers, sodium metasilicate, the re-crushed light color substance (chromophore quinoid structures) on the common textile into a colorless compound (a colorless benzene structural formula thereof), under the conditions of maintaining the boiling point, of light weight material collapse on the common textile dye cleared. 脱色工艺的配方及条件为:稳定剂2-4g/L,乳化剂l_2g/L,偏硅酸钠5-8g/L,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98_100°C,脱色时间30-40分钟; Formulations and conditions for the bleaching process: stabilizer 2-4g / L, emulsifiers l_2g / L, sodium metasilicate 5-8g / L, a liquor ratio 1: 8-1: 10, temperature 98_100 ° C, bleaching time 30 -40 minutes;

[0021] 4)加强洗涤:清洗加脱色同时进行的洗涤过程,以二异氰脒酸钠和过碳酸钠为主齐U,加入乳化剂,使洗涤、漂白一浴进行。 [0021] 4) Strengthening washing: cleaning and bleaching washing process simultaneously, to a diisocyanate and an amidine sodium percarbonate based homogeneous U, an emulsifier, washing, a bleach bath. 加强洗涤工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L,PH值10.5-11,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98_100°C,洗涤脱色时间50-60分钟,使浅色重溃公共纺织品在洗涤后保持好的白度、好的毛细血管效应、强力的 Strengthening washing process recipe and conditions: sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, sodium percarbonate 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, PH value of 10.5-11, bath ratio of 1: 8-1: 10, temperature 98_100 ° C, washed with the adsorption time 50-60 minutes to crush the common light weight textile maintaining good whiteness after washing, the capillary effect good, strong

一致性。 consistency.

[0022] 本发明的渗透剂、还原剂、助洗剂、调碱剂、助练剂、乳化剂、稳定剂均为市场上常见的本领域技术人员公知的助剂。 [0022] commonly known to those skilled in the penetrant auxiliaries present invention, reducing agents, builders, alkaline adjusting agent, a co-training, emulsifiers, stabilizers are market.

[0023] 本发明的浴比为洗涤剂与水的重量比。 [0023] The bath of the invention the weight ratio of detergent to water ratio.

[0024] 将医院中使用的大单、被套、枕套、中单、白大衣用本发明提供的洗涤方法进行洗涤,每次对210万件织物进行试验,将这些浅色重溃公共纺织品用XGP50型或XGP120型洗衣机、XTZ140全自动洗脱机经分检、预洗(步骤I))、清洗(步骤2))、脱水、脱色(步骤3))、脱水、加强洗涤(步骤4))、投洗(2-3次)、脱水、烘干、烫平后,用SBD-1B型白度仪测试,测试结果为:清洗步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为58-60 ;脱色步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为72-78 ;加强洗涤后,浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度可达75-85。 [0024] A single large hospital use, apply, pillowcases, single, white-coat washed with the washing method of the present invention to provide, for each test fabric 2,100,000, these light weight crushed public textiles XGP50 or XGP120 type washing machine, XTZ140 automatic washing machine by the sorting, a pre-wash (the I step)), washing (step 2)), dehydrated, decolorized (step 3)), dehydration, washing reinforcing (step 4)), cast wash (2-3 times), after the dehydration, drying, ironing, using SBD-1B type whiteness meter test results as follows: after the rinsing step crushed light weight textile whiteness public 58-60; decolorization step crushed light weight of common textile whiteness of 72-78; strengthening after washing, light weight textile whiteness public collapse up to 75-85.

[0025] 实施例1: [0025] Example 1:

[0026] I)预洗:二异氰脒酸钠1.5g/L、渗透剂0.08g/L、过碳酸钠0.25g/L按浴比为1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤30-40分钟,翻转1-2次;2)清洗:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,调碱剂9g/L,助洗剂4g/L,还原剂2g/L,助练剂0.8g/L,乳化剂3g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下清洗90-120分钟;3)脱色:稳定剂2g/L,乳化剂lg/L,偏硅酸钠7g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品温度98-100°C下脱色30-40分钟;4)加强洗涤:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,调节PH值为11,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤脱色50-60分钟。 [0026] I) Pre-wash: sodium diisocyanate amidine 1.5g / L, penetrants 0.08g / L, sodium percarbonate 0.25g / L at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, textiles at a temperature of 98- 30-40 min wash at 100 ° C, inverting 1-2 times; 2) cleaning: amidine diisocyanate sodium 7g / L, adjusting alkali agent 9g / L, builders 4g / L, the reducing agent 2g / L, training aid agent 0.8g / L, emulsifiers 3g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, washing textiles at temperatures of 98-100 ° C 90-120 min; 3) bleaching: stabilizer 2g / L, emulsifier lg / L, sodium metasilicate 7g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, the bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 30-40 min; 4) strengthening washed: sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, sodium percarbonate 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, adjust the PH value of 11, was washed bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 50-60 minutes. 用SBD-1B型白度仪测试,测试结果为:清洗步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为60 ;脱色步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为74 ;加强洗涤后,浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度可达82.5。 SBD-1B type with whiteness meter test results as follows: After the rinsing step crushed light weight of common textile whiteness 60; decolorized collapse step public light weight textile whiteness of 74; after strengthening washing, light heavy collapse of public textile whiteness of up to 82.5.

[0027] 实施例2: [0027] Example 2:

[0028] I)预洗:二异氰脒酸钠lg/L、渗透剂0.06g/L、过碳酸钠0.2g/L按浴比为1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤30-40分钟,翻转1-2次;2)清洗:二异氰脒酸钠5g/L,调碱剂8g/L,助洗剂4g/L,还原剂2g/L,助练剂0.7g/L,乳化剂1.5g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-10(TC下清洗90-120分钟;3)脱色:稳定剂3g/L,乳化剂2g/L,偏硅酸钠5g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品温度98-100°C下脱色30-40分钟; [0028] I) Pre-wash: sodium diisocyanate amidine lg / L, penetrants 0.06g / L, sodium percarbonate 0.2g / L at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, textiles at a temperature of 98-100 30-40 minutes washed ° C, inverting 1-2 times; 2) washing: sodium diisocyanate amidine 5g / L, adjusting alkaline agents 8g / L, builders 4g / L, the reducing agent 2g / L, co training agents 0.7g / L, the emulsifier 1.5g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, textiles (TC 90-120 minutes under cleaning; 3) at a temperature of 98-10 bleaching: stabilizers 3g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, sodium metasilicate 5g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, the bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 30-40 min;

4)加强洗涤:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,调节PH值为10.5,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤脱色50-60分钟。 4) Strengthening washing: Sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, sodium percarbonate 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, adjust the PH value of 10.5, at a temperature of 98- textiles 100 ° C for 50-60 minutes and washed decolorization. 用SBD-1B型白度仪测试,测试结果为:清洗步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为58 ;脱色步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为72 ;加强洗涤后,浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度可达75。 SBD-1B type with whiteness meter test results as follows: After the rinsing step crushed light weight textile whiteness of the common 58; decolorized collapse step public light weight textile whiteness of 72; after strengthening washing, light heavy collapse of public textile whiteness up to 75.

[0029] 实施例3: [0029] Example 3:

[0030] I)预洗:二异氰脒酸钠3g/L、渗透剂0.08g/L、过碳酸钠0.3g/L按浴比为1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤30-40分钟,翻转1-2次;2)清洗:二异氰脒酸钠8g/L,调碱剂10g/L,助洗剂4g/L,还原剂2g/L,助练剂lg/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下清洗90-120分钟;3)脱色:稳定剂4g/L,乳化剂lg/L,偏硅酸钠8g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,将纺织品温度98-100°C下脱色30-40分钟;4)加强洗涤:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:8配制洗涤剂,调节PH值为11,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤脱色50-60分钟。 [0030] I) Pre-wash: sodium diisocyanate amidine 3g / L, penetrants 0.08g / L, sodium percarbonate 0.3g / L at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, textiles at a temperature of 98-100 30-40 minutes washed ° C, inverting 1-2 times; 2) cleaning: amidine diisocyanate sodium 8g / L, adjusting alkali agent 10g / L, builders 4g / L, the reducing agent 2g / L, co training agents lg / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, washing textiles at temperatures of 98-100 ° C 90-120 min; 3) bleaching: stabilizer 4g / L, the emulsifier lg / L, sodium metasilicate 8g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, the bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 30-40 min; 4) strengthening washed: sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, a sodium 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 8 formulating detergent, adjust the PH value of 11, was washed bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 50-60 minutes. 用SBD-1B型白度仪测试,测试结果为:清洗步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为60 ;脱色步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为78 ;加强洗涤后,浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度可达85。 SBD-1B type with whiteness meter test results as follows: After the rinsing step crushed light weight of common textile whiteness 60; decolorized collapse step public light weight textile whiteness of 78; after strengthening washing, light heavy collapse common textile whiteness of 85.

[0031] 实施例4: [0031] Example 4:

[0032] I)预洗:二异氰脒酸钠3g/L、渗透剂0.08g/L、过碳酸钠0.3g/L按浴比为1:9配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤30-40分钟,翻转1-2次;2)清洗:二异氰脒酸钠8g/L,调碱剂10g/L,助洗剂4g/L,还原剂2g/L,助练剂lg/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:9配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下清洗90-120分钟;3)脱色:稳定剂4g/L,乳化剂lg/L,偏硅酸钠8g/L,按浴比1:9配制洗涤剂,将纺织品温度98-100°C下脱色30-40分钟;4)加强洗涤:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:9配制洗涤剂,调节PH值为11,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤脱色50-60分钟。 [0032] I) Pre-wash: sodium diisocyanate amidine 3g / L, penetrants 0.08g / L, sodium percarbonate 0.3g / L at a bath ratio of 1: 9 detergent formulations, the textile at a temperature of 98-100 30-40 minutes washed ° C, inverting 1-2 times; 2) cleaning: amidine diisocyanate sodium 8g / L, adjusting alkali agent 10g / L, builders 4g / L, the reducing agent 2g / L, co training agents lg / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 9 detergent formulations, the textile cleaning at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 90-120 min; 3) bleaching: stabilizer 4g / L, the emulsifier lg / L, sodium metasilicate 8g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 9 formulating detergent, the bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 30-40 min; 4) strengthening washed: sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, a sodium 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1: 9 detergent formulation, to adjust the PH value of 11, was washed bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 50-60 minutes. 用SBD-1B型白度仪测试,测试结果为:清洗步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为59 ;脱色步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为76 ;加强洗涤后,浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度可达83.5。 SBD-1B type with whiteness meter test results as follows: After the rinsing step crushed light weight textile whiteness of the common 59; decolorized collapse step public light weight textile whiteness of 76; after strengthening washing, light heavy collapse of public textile whiteness of up to 83.5.

[0033] 实施例5: [0033] Example 5:

[0034] I)预洗:二异氰脒酸钠3g/L、渗透剂0.08g/L、过碳酸钠0.3g/L按浴比为1:10配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤30-40分钟,翻转1-2次;2)清洗:二异氰脒酸钠8g/L,调碱剂10g/L,助洗剂4g/L,还原剂2g/L,助练剂lg/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:10配制洗涤剂,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下清洗90-120分钟;3)脱色:稳定剂4g/L,乳化剂Ig/L,偏硅酸钠8g/L,按浴比1:10配制洗涤剂,将纺织品温度98-100°C下脱色30-40分钟;4)加强洗涤:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L,按浴比1:10配制洗涤剂,调节PH值为11,将纺织品在温度98-100°C下洗涤脱色50-60分钟。 [0034] I) Pre-wash: sodium diisocyanate amidine 3g / L, penetrants 0.08g / L, sodium percarbonate 0.3g / L at a bath ratio of 1:10 formulating detergent, textiles at a temperature of 98-100 30-40 minutes washed ° C, inverting 1-2 times; 2) cleaning: amidine diisocyanate sodium 8g / L, adjusting alkali agent 10g / L, builders 4g / L, the reducing agent 2g / L, co training agents lg / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1:10 formulating detergent, washing textiles at temperatures of 98-100 ° C 90-120 min; 3) bleaching: stabilizer 4g / L, the emulsifier Ig / L, sodium metasilicate 8g / L, at a bath ratio of 1:10 formulating detergent, the bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 30-40 min; 4) strengthening washed: sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, a sodium 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, at a bath ratio of 1:10 formulating detergent, adjust the PH value of 11, was washed bleaching textiles at a temperature of 98-100 ° C 50-60 minutes. 用SBD-1B型白度仪测试,测试结果为:清洗步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为58 ;脱色步骤后浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度为75 ;加强洗涤后,浅色重溃公共纺织品的白度可达81.8。 SBD-1B type with whiteness meter test results as follows: After the rinsing step crushed light weight textile whiteness of the common 58; decolorized collapse step public light weight textile whiteness of 75; after strengthening washing, light heavy collapse of public textile whiteness of up to 81.8.

[0035] 而且,长时间用本发明的洗涤方法洗涤浅色重溃公共纺织品,白度还会平稳提高。 [0035] Moreover, the washing method of the present invention by a long washing light weight textile public collapse, will steadily increase whiteness. 整个洗涤工艺过程中,浅色重溃公共纺织品虽在高温下进行,但并未发现皱痕现象,为洗涤后的熨烫工作创造了良好的条件。 The entire washing process, the collapse of public light weight textiles, although at a high temperature, but did not find the phenomenon of wrinkles, create good conditions for the work of ironing after washing. 同时由于使用低泡沫洗涤剂,可节约能源、节水、节电,对洗涤后织物强力损伤小,延长了织物的使用寿命。 At the same time the use of a low-sudsing laundry detergent, can save energy, water, electricity, small fabric strength loss after washing, extend the life of the fabric.

[0036] 以上对本发明的实施例进行了详细说明,但所述内容仅为本发明的较佳实施例,不能被认为用于限定本发明的实施范围。 [0036] The embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail, but only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, the content of the embodiment, not to be considered to define the scope of the present invention. 凡依本发明申请范围所作的均等变化与改进等,均应归属于本发明的专利涵盖范围之内。 Where alterations of improvement under this scope of application of the invention made by the patent shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1.一种浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法,其特征在于包括以下步骤: 1)预洗:以二异氰脒酸钠为主剂,加入渗透剂、过碳酸钠,对重溃公共纺织品上的污垢进行分解,在保持沸点的条件下静置后,对重溃公共纺织品进行翻转; 2)清洗:以二异氰脒酸钠作为主剂,添加调减剂、助洗剂、还原剂、助练剂、乳化剂,以清除浅色重溃公共纺织品上的非色素类沉积物; 3)脱色:以过碳酸钠为主,配以稳定齐IJ、乳化齐IJ、偏硅酸钠,在保持沸点的条件下,对浅色重溃公共纺织品上的色素物质进行清除; 4)加强洗涤:清洗加脱色同时进行,以二异氰脒酸钠和过碳酸钠为主剂,加入乳化剂,使洗涤、漂白一浴进行。 A common method for washing light weight textile ulcer, comprising the steps of: 1) Pre-wash: amidine using sodium diisocyanate-based agent, added penetrants, sodium percarbonate, public textile counterweight collapse dirt decomposed upon standing under boiling conditions remain, collapse common counterweight inverting textiles; 2) cleaning: the amidine sodium diisocyanate as the main agent, is added Diaojian, builders, a reducing agent, training aid agents, emulsifying agents, non-dye class to remove deposits on the common light weight textile collapse; 3) bleaching: sodium percarbonate and decorated IJ homogeneous stable, homogeneous emulsion IJ, sodium metasilicate, in maintained under the boiling point, of light weight pigment material crushed on the common clear textiles; 4) strengthening washed: cleaning and bleaching at the same time, to amidine diisocyanate and sodium percarbonate-based agent, emulsifier, wash, a bleaching bath.
2.根据权利要求1所述的浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法,其特征在于所述步骤I)中预洗工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠l_3g/L,渗透剂0.05-0.lg/L,过碳酸钠0.2-0.3g/L,浴比为1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,洗涤时间30-40分钟。 The crushed light weight of common textile washing method according to claim 1, characterized in that said step I) Formulation and process conditions for the pre-wash: amidine diisocyanates sodium l_3g / L, penetrants 0.05 0.lg / L, sodium percarbonate 0.2-0.3g / L, a liquor ratio of 1: 8-1: 10, a temperature of 98-100 ° C, the washing time is 30-40 minutes.
3.根据权利要求1所述的浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法,其特征在于所述步骤I)中,对重溃公共纺织品翻转的次数为1-2次。 The light according to claim 1 common method of washing textiles heavy collapse, characterized in that said step I), the number of re-collapse of the common textile inverted 1-2 times.
4.根据权利要求1所述的浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法,其特征在于所述步骤2)中清洗工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠5-8g/L,调碱剂8-10g/L,助洗剂3-4g/L,还原剂l-2g/L,助练剂0.5-lg/L,乳化剂l_3g/L,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98_100°C,清洗时间90-120分钟。 The crushed light weight textile common washing method according to claim 1, wherein said step 2 and the formulation of the cleaning process conditions) as: sodium diisocyanate amidine 5-8g / L, adjusted alkaline agent 8-10g / L, builders 3-4g / L, the reducing agent l-2g / L, co-agent practicing 0.5-lg / L, emulsifiers l_3g / L, a liquor ratio 1: 8-1: 10, temperature 98_100 ° C, the washing time is 90-120 minutes.
5.根据权利要求1所述的浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法,其特征在于所述步骤3)中脱色工艺的配方及条件为:过碳酸钠5-10g/L,稳定剂2-4g/L,乳化剂l_2g/L,偏娃酸钠5_8g/L,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,脱色时间30-40分钟。 The light according to claim 1 common method of washing textiles heavy collapse, characterized in that the formulation and process conditions in the bleaching step 3) is: sodium percarbonate 5-10g / L, stabilizers 2-4g / L, emulsifiers l_2g / L, sodium partial baby 5_8g / L, a liquor ratio 1: 8-1: 10, a temperature of 98-100 ° C, 30-40 minutes bleaching time.
6.根据权利要求1所述的浅色重溃公共纺织品洗涤方法,其特征在于所述步骤4)中加强洗漆工艺的配方及条件为:二异氰脒酸钠7g/L,过碳酸钠7g/L,乳化剂2g/L, PH值·10.5-11,浴比1:8-1:10,温度98-100°C,洗涤脱色时间50-60分钟。 The crushed light weight of common textile washing method according to claim 1, wherein said reinforcing step 4) wash the paint formulations and process conditions are: sodium diisocyanate amidine 7g / L, sodium percarbonate 7g / L, emulsifiers 2g / L, PH-value of 10.5-11, bath ratio of 1: 8-1: 10, a temperature of 98-100 ° C, washed with the adsorption time 50-60 minutes.
CN2013103372783A 2013-08-05 2013-08-05 Washing method of light-color seriously-blotted public textile CN103388257A (en)

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