CN103385688A - Sigmoidoscope with inflating air sac - Google Patents

Sigmoidoscope with inflating air sac Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103385688A
CN103385688A CN2013103479441A CN201310347944A CN103385688A CN 103385688 A CN103385688 A CN 103385688A CN 2013103479441 A CN2013103479441 A CN 2013103479441A CN 201310347944 A CN201310347944 A CN 201310347944A CN 103385688 A CN103385688 A CN 103385688A
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sigmoidoscope
sigmoidoscopy
sheath
inflatable balloon
end
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CN2013103479441A
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Chinese (zh)
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乔铁
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广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2013103479441A priority Critical patent/CN103385688A/en
Publication of CN103385688A publication Critical patent/CN103385688A/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of medical instruments, and particularly discloses a sigmoidoscope with an inflating air sac. The sigmoidoscope comprises a sigmoidoscope main body and a sigmoidoscope sheathing canal, which are matched; the sigmoidoscope main body comprises a hard work end part, a light source joint and an eyepiece input end or a data interface; the tip part of the front end of the hard work end part is foldable; the sigmoidoscope is provided with a control switch for controlling the tip part of the hard work end part to fold; the sigmoidoscope sheathing canal comprises a sheathing canal end part and a sheathing canal clamp port matched with the sigmoidoscope main body; the front end of the sheathing canal end part is provided with at least one inflating air sac; and the sigmoidoscope sheathing canal is also correspondingly provided with an inflating catheter and a liquid-filling channel. The sigmoidoscope can better perform the function of expanding the sigmoid colon cavity, prevents the filling liquid from being overflowed and can be used for high-definition observation, treatment operation and the like; and in addition, the sigmoidoscope can be used for sigmoidoscope operation by matching with general surgical instruments, and can provide a more clear visual field and more free operation space during operation, thus improving the accuracy and safety factors of the operation.

Description

一种带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜 A tape sigmoidoscopy inflatable balloon

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于医用器械领域,具体涉及现代医学开展乙状结肠镜手术的一种核心医疗工具,即为一种带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of medical devices, particularly to a medical instrument modern medicine core sigmoidoscopy procedure carried out, i.e. A tape inflatable balloon sigmoidoscopy.

现有技术 current technology

[0002] 乙状结肠炎症为肛肠科多发疾病,病变可累及整个结肠和直肠,以乙状结肠最多见,其临床检查表现为黏膜充血,水肿,呈颗粒状,有小出血点。 [0002] sigmoid colon inflammation in multiple Anorectal disease, disease can affect the entire colon and rectum, sigmoid colon most common, clinical examination showed mucosal edema, granular, small bleeding points. 治疗乙状结肠炎除了进行口服药物,还需要配合内镜进行检查和手术治疗。 In addition to the treatment of oral pharmaceutical sigmoiditis, with the need for endoscopic examination and surgery.

[0003] 但是,传统的乙状结肠镜一般不设有充气气囊,其观察空间必须通过对乙状结肠腔进行充液才能获得,如果液体泄露则会导致手术环境变得复杂,不利于手术有效或顺利地进行。 [0003] However, the conventional sigmoidoscopy generally not provided with an inflatable balloon, which is the observation space must be obtained by filling the chamber to the sigmoid colon, will result in leakage of liquid if complicated surgical environment is not conducive to efficient operation smoothly, or .

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于提出一种带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,充气气囊能膨胀乙状结肠腔,通过乙状结肠镜鞘管的充液通道通入液体,建立一个空间,营造清晰的观察环境,进行乙状结肠病变的观察和治疗,便于手术等有效和顺利的进行。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to propose sigmoidoscopy A tape inflatable balloon, the inflatable balloon expandable sigmoid chamber, fluid-filled channel sigmoidoscope into the sheath liquid, to create a space, and create a clear viewing environment, for sigmoid observation and treatment of lesions, and to facilitate the smooth operation and the like will be effective.

[0005] 为达到上述技术目的,本发明是通过以下技术方案予以实现的: [0005] To achieve the above technical object, the present invention is to be implemented by the following technical scheme:

[0006] 本发明所述的一种带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,包括乙状结肠镜主体和与其配套的乙状结肠镜鞘管,所述乙状结肠镜主体包括硬质工作端部、光源接头、目镜输入端或数据接口,所述硬质工作端部内贯穿有器械通道、进水通道、出水通道,所述硬质工作端部的前端先端部为可弯曲的端部,所述乙状结肠镜上设有控制硬质工作端部的先端部弯曲的控制开关,所述硬质工作端部的前端先端部端口处设有导光光纤、光学镜头、器械通道出口、进水通道出口、出水通道出口,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管包括鞘管端部,与乙状结肠镜主体配合的鞘管卡口,所述鞘管端部的前端设有至少一充气气囊,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管上还对应设有用于对充气气囊进行充气的充气导管和充液的充液通道。 [0006] An inflatable balloon with a sigmoidoscope according to the present invention, comprises a body sigmoidoscopy sigmoidoscopy and its supporting sheath, said body comprising a rigid sigmoidoscopy working end, a light source connector, data input or ocular interface within the hard working end inserted through the instrument channel, inlet channel, outlet channel, the distal tip portion of the working end of the rigid portion to be curved end portion of the sigmoid colon with the hard work on the mirror control bending an end portion of the control switch tip portion, the tip portion of the hard distal end portion of the working port is provided with a light guide fiber, an optical lens, instrument outlet passage, the outlet passage inlet, water outlet passage, said sheath sigmoidoscopy sheath tube comprises an end portion engaged with the front end of the sheath body sigmoidoscopy bayonet end portion of the sheath is provided with at least one inflatable bladder, the colon is also correspondingly provided for inflating the inflatable balloon sheath mirror inflation conduit and the filling liquid filled channel.

[0007] 在本发明中,所述充气气囊按照其膨胀后的形状可以分为以下几种: [0007] In the present invention, the shape of the inflatable balloon after expansion thereof can be divided into the following categories:

[0008] 第一种,所述充气气囊充气膨胀后为球形,其充气后直径< 50mm,所述充气气囊的数量为一个或两个或三个。 [0008] First, after the inflation of the inflatable balloon is spherical with a diameter <50mm after it is inflated, the inflatable balloon is the number one or two or three.

[0009] 第二种,所述充气气囊充气膨胀后为圆筒状形状,其充气后使得鞘管端部膨胀。 [0009] Second, after the inflation of the inflatable bladder has a cylindrical shape, after which the inflatable portion is inflated so that the end of the sheath.

[0010] 在本发明中,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管的鞘管端部直径< 25mm,其长度范围< 250mm。 [0010] In the present invention, the sheath end diameter sigmoid mirror sheath <25mm, its length <250mm. [0011 ] 在本发明中,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管的鞘管端部是一次性使用的塑料或者重复使用的金属材料。 [0011] In the present invention, the plastic mirror sigmoidoscopy sheath end portion of the sheath is disposable or reusable metal material.

[0012] 在本发明中,所述硬质工作端部全长250〜300mm,其前端< 50mm为可弯曲的端部,该可弯曲的端部受控弯曲最少30度。 [0012] In the present invention, the entire length of the rigid working end 250~300mm, the tip <50mm bendable end portion of the curved end portions may be bent at least 30 degrees controlled.

[0013] 在本发明中,所述乙状结肠镜主体的光学系统为棱镜光学系统或光纤纤维光学系统或电子CCD光学系统。 [0013] In the present invention, the mirror body sigmoidoscopy optical system is a prism optical system or the optical fiber optical system or the electronic CCD optical system. [0014] 在本发明中,所述器械通道为直线型,其内径> 3.0_,所述进水通道和出水通道与器械通道公用通道。 [0014] In the present invention, the instrument channel is linear, the inner diameter> 3.0_, said inlet passage and outlet passage with the instrument channel common channel.

[0015] 与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果是: [0015] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

[0016] 本发明所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其不仅能通过使用充气气囊用于乙状结肠腔,可以通过充气膨胀以获得宝贵的操作空间,方便通入器械辅助手术。 Sigmoidoscopy with inflatable balloon according to [0016] of the present invention, not only through the use of an inflatable balloon for sigmoid cavity can be inflated by the operation to obtain valuable space, convenient access instrument assisted surgery.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1是本发明实施例一所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜的结构示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic view sigmoidoscopy with an inflatable balloon according to embodiments of the invention;

[0018] 图2是实施例一中乙状结肠镜主体结构示意图一(先端部非弯曲状态); [0018] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the main structure of a sigmoidoscopy (non-bending state of the tip portion) embodiment;

[0019] 图3是实施例一中乙状结肠镜主体结构示意图二(弯曲状态); [0019] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the two (bent state) of the main structure sigmoidoscopy embodiment;

[0020] 图4是实施例一中乙状结肠镜主体结构示意图三(弯曲状态); [0020] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the main structure of the sigmoidoscopy tris (bent state) embodiment;

[0021] 图5是实施例一中乙状结肠镜主体硬质工作端部的前端先端部端口示意图; [0021] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a distal tip portion of the embodiment of the working end of the rigid body sigmoidoscopy port embodiment;

[0022] 图6是实施例一中乙状结肠镜鞘管结构示意图; [0022] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a sigmoidoscope sheath structure in Example embodiment;

[0023] 图7是本发明实施例二中乙状结肠镜鞘管结构示意图; [0023] FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram II sheath structure sigmoidoscopy embodiment of the present invention;

[0024] 图8是本发明实施例三中乙状结肠镜鞘管结构示意图; [0024] FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram sigmoidoscopy sheath structure in three embodiments of the invention;

[0025] 图9是本发明实施例四中乙状结肠镜鞘管结构示意图。 [0025] FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram sigmoidoscopy sheath structure in four embodiments of the invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

·[0026] 下面结合附图对本发明作进一步的详述: * [0026] DRAWINGS The present invention will be further described in detail:

[0027] 实施例一: [0027] Example a:

[0028] 如图1所示,本发明所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜的示意图,其包括乙状结肠镜鞘管I和与之配套的乙状结肠镜主体2。 [0028] As shown, sigmoidoscopy with inflatable balloon of the present invention is a schematic 1, which comprises a sheath sigmoidoscopy I and its accompanying sigmoidoscopy body 2.

[0029] 如图1〜图5所示,所述乙状结肠镜主体2包括硬质工作端部21、光源接头22、目镜输入端或数据接口23,所述硬质工作端部21内贯穿有器械通道24、进水通道25、出水通道26,所述器械通道24为直线型,所述进水通道25、出水通道26与器械通道公用一通道,所述硬质工作端部21的前端先端部211端口处设有导光光纤221、光学镜头231、器械通道出口241。 [0029] As shown in FIG. 1 ~ 5, the body 2 comprises a sigmoidoscopy hard working end 21, a light source connector 22, data input or ocular interface 23, the hard working end 21 inserted through the instrument distal tip passage 24, inlet channel 25, outlet passage 26, the instrument channel 24 is linear, the inlet passage 25, outlet passage 26 and a common instrument passage channel, the rigid portion 21 of the working end port 211 is provided with a light guide fiber 221, optical lens 231, an outlet passage 241 instrument. 所述硬质工作端部21的前端先端部211为可弯曲的端部,所述乙状结肠镜I上设有控制硬质工作端部21的先端部211弯曲的控制开关27。 The hard working end 211 is a distal end portion of the distal bendable portion 21 is provided to control the I sigmoidoscopy rigid distal working end 211 of the curved portion 21 of the control switch 27 on. 图2〜图4是通过控制开关27所处于的三个状态Al、BI和Cl对应控制先端部211的三个弯曲状态A2、B2和C2的结构示意图,通过不同的弯曲角度,来适应不同情况下乙状结肠病变的观察和治疗,适用范围广。 2 ~ FIG. 4 is a three state by controlling the switch 27 in the Al, BI and Cl corresponding to the control state of the bent tip portion 211 of the three A2, B2 and C2 is a schematic view of the structure through different bending angles, to suit different circumstances observation under sigmoid lesions and treatment of a wide range of applications.

[0030] 在本发明中,所述乙状结肠镜主体2所采用的光学系统为棱镜光学系统或光纤纤维光学系统或电子CCD光学系统。 [0030] In the present invention, the optical system 2 employed sigmoid mirror body is a prism or an optical fiber system for fiber optic systems or electronic CCD optical system.

[0031] 如图1、图6所示,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管I包括鞘管端部11,与乙状结肠镜主体2配合的鞘管卡口12,所述鞘管端部11的前端设有一个充气气囊13,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管11上还对应设有用于对充气气囊13进行充气的充气导管14和充液的充液通道15,充气导管14对充气气囊13进行充气,使之膨胀,充液通道15的功能是注入液体进乙状结肠镜,且该充气气囊13充气膨胀后为球形,其充气后直径< 50mm。 [0031] As shown in FIG 1, FIG. 6, the I sigmoidoscopy sheath comprising a sheath tube end portion 11, and the distal end of the sheath 2 with the mount 12, the end portion of the sheath body 11 is provided with sigmoidoscopy an inflatable air bag 13, the sheath further sigmoidoscopy inflation conduit 14 and corresponding to the filling of the filling channel is provided for inflating the inflatable balloon 13 is 15, 14 of the inflation conduit 13 to inflate the inflatable balloon 11 to expand it , the function of filling the channel 15 is injected into the liquid feed sigmoidoscopy, and the expansion of the inflatable balloon 13 is inflated to a spherical shape, the diameter of the inflator which <50mm.

[0032] 在本发明中,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管I的鞘管端部11直径< 25mm,其长度范围(250mm,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管I的鞘管端部11是由一次性使用的塑料或者重复使用的金属材料制成。 [0032] In the present invention, an end portion of the sheath sigmoidoscopy I sheath diameter of 11 <25mm, its length (250mm, an end portion of the sheath sigmoidoscopy I sheath 11 is disposable made of plastic or metal material reusable.

[0033] 实施例二: [0033] Example II:

[0034] 本实施例与实施例一基本相同,其不同之处在于:如图7所示,所述充气气囊13有两个,间隔设置,且各充气气囊13膨胀后也为球形。 [0034] Example embodiments of the present embodiment is substantially the same as a, except that it: As shown in FIG 7, the inflatable balloon 13 has two, spaced, and each of the inflatable bladder 13 is also expandable spherical.

[0035] 实施例三: [0035] Example III:

[0036] 本实施例与实施例三基本相同,其不同之处在于:如图8所示,所述充气气囊13有三个,相邻的两充气气囊13之间等距设计,且各充气气囊13膨胀后也为球形。 [0036] Example of embodiment of the present third embodiment is substantially the same, except that which: FIG. 8, the inflatable bladder 13 there are three, equidistant from the two adjacent inflatable bladder between the design 13, and each of the inflatable balloon 13 after expansion is also spherical.

[0037] 实施例四: [0037] Example IV:

[0038] 本实施例与前述三实施例不同之处在于:如图9所示,所述充气气囊13'充气膨胀后为圆筒状形状,其充气后使得鞘管端部11膨胀,即使得膨胀后空间更大,用于膨胀乙状结肠腔的效果更佳。 [0038] The foregoing embodiment of the present embodiment differs from the third embodiment in that: As shown, the inflated balloon 13 'is inflated and cylindrical shape, which expands when inflated such that the end portion of the sheath 119, even give after the greater expansion space, the better the chamber for expanding the sigmoid colon.

Claims (9)

1.一种带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,包括乙状结肠镜主体和与其配套的乙状结肠镜鞘管,所述乙状结肠镜主体包括硬质工作端部、光源接头、目镜输入端或数据接口,所述硬质工作端部内贯穿有器械通道、进水通道、出水通道,所述硬质工作端部的前端先端部为可弯曲的端部,所述乙状结肠镜上设有控制硬质工作端部的先端部弯曲的控制开关,所述硬质工作端部的前端先端部端口处设有导光光纤、光学镜头、器械通道出口,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管包括鞘管端部,与乙状结肠镜主体配合的鞘管卡口,所述鞘管端部的前端设有至少一充气气囊,所述乙状结肠镜鞘管上还对应设有用于对充气气囊进行充气的充气导管和充液的充液通道。 A sigmoidoscopy inflating airbag, including a body and a sigmoidoscopy sigmoidoscopy its supporting sheath, said body comprising a rigid sigmoidoscopy working end, light fittings, ocular or data input interface, said hard instrument inserted through the channel, inlet channel, outlet channel in the working end portion, the distal tip portion of the working end of the rigid portion to be curved end portion, a control unit is provided with a rigid distal working end of said curved mirror sigmoid control switch, the hard distal tip portion of the working end of the port is provided with a light guide fiber, an optical lens, instrument outlet passage, said sheath comprising a sheath sigmoidoscopy tube end portion cooperating with the body of the sheath sigmoidoscopy bayonet, the sheath distal end portion is provided with at least one inflatable bladder, the colon is also corresponding to the mirror catheter sheath and filling the inflatable filling channel is provided for inflating the inflatable balloon.
2.根据权利要求1所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述充气气囊充气膨胀后为球形,其充气后直径< 50mm。 The sigmoidoscopy with inflatable balloon according to claim 1, wherein: said inflatable balloon after inflation of a spherical shape which when inflated diameter <50mm.
3.根据权利要求2所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述充气气囊的数量为一个或两个或三个。 3. A sigmoidoscope according to claim inflatable balloon with claim 2, wherein: said inflatable balloon is the number one or two or three.
4.根据权利要求1所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述充气气囊充气膨胀后为圆筒状形状,其充气后使得鞘管端部膨胀。 Sigmoidoscope according to claim inflating airbag according to claim 1, wherein: the airbag to inflate the inflatable cylindrical shape, after which the inflatable portion is inflated so that the end of the sheath.
5.根据权利要求1至4任一项所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述乙状结肠镜鞘管的鞘管端部直径< 25mm,其长度范围< 250mm。 The sigmoidoscopy with inflatable balloon to any one of claims 1-4 1, wherein: said sheath end diameter sigmoid mirror sheath <25mm, its length <250mm.
6.根据权利要求1所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述乙状结肠镜鞘管的鞘管端部是一次性使用的塑料或者重复使用的金属材料。 Sigmoidoscope according to claim inflating airbag according to claim 1, wherein: said plastic sheath tube end sigmoid mirror sheath is disposable or reusable metal material.
7.根据权利要求1所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述硬质工作端部全长250〜300mm,其前端< 50mm为可弯曲的端部,该可弯曲的端部受控弯曲最少30度。 The sigmoidoscopy with inflatable balloon according to claim 1, wherein: the full length of the hard working end 250~300mm, the tip <50mm bendable end portion of the flexible end portions controlled bending at least 30 degrees.
8.根据权利要求1所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述乙状结肠镜主体的光学系统为棱镜光学系统或光纤纤维光学系统或电子CCD光学系统。 Sigmoidoscope according to claim inflating airbag according to claim 1, wherein: said body sigmoidoscopy prism optical system is an optical system or an optical fiber for fiber optic systems or electronic CCD optical system.
9.根据权利要求1所述的带充气气囊的乙状结肠镜,其特征在于:所述器械通道为直线型,其内径> 3.5_,所述进水通道和出水通道与器械通道公用通道。 9. sigmoidoscopy with inflatable balloon according to claim 1, wherein: said instrument passage is linear, the inner diameter> 3.5_, said inlet passage and outlet passage with the instrument channel common channel.
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