CN103385074A - Pepper autumn delay cultivation method - Google Patents

Pepper autumn delay cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103385074A
CN103385074A CN201310185390XA CN201310185390A CN103385074A CN 103385074 A CN103385074 A CN 103385074A CN 201310185390X A CN201310185390X A CN 201310185390XA CN 201310185390 A CN201310185390 A CN 201310185390A CN 103385074 A CN103385074 A CN 103385074A
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planting
pepper
centimetres
early
july
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CN201310185390XA
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黄震
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黄震
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Priority to CN201310185390XA priority Critical patent/CN103385074A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a pepper autumn delay cultivation method, comprising the following steps of (1) variety selection: a proper variety is selected and corresponding protection measures are taken, so that ideal output and higher benefits can be obtained; (2) timely sowing and strong seedling breeding: in the midland, the sowing time is from 15th, July to 25th, July, and cannot be later than the end of July; (3) soil preparation and fertilization: stubble removal is early carried out in the land before field planting, 30cm-deep ploughing is carried out, and upturned soil is dried in the sun; (4) field planting: high-ridge cultivation is carried out, and ridges are formed according to the specifications that the large rowledge is 65-70cm, the small rowledge is 40-15cm, and the ridge height is 10-15cm; (5) harvesting: first grown pepper and opposite pepper can be early picked properly, the plant growing and fruiting at the upper part are facilitated, and the picking time is morning optimally. The pepper autumn delay cultivation method is high-temperature-resistant, virus-resistant, strong in growth vigor, centralized in fruiting, and capable of fruiting a pepper variety with big fruits, thick pulp and more frigostabile property and increasing yield, the commodity grade can be improved, disease prevention is facilitated, the continuous selling of products is facilitated, the flower, fruit and leaf dropping of pepper is avoided, and the local economic benefit is greatly improved.

Description

A kind of method of capsicum delayed culture in autumn
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultivation method of a kind of capsicum, especially a kind of method of capsicum delayed culture in autumn.
Background technology
Capsicum, also claim kind peppery, the peppery or green pepper eggplant in sea, in originating in, Nan Meizhou, stem is upright, single leaf alternate, and artificial cultivation is all therophytes, can be divided into cherry green pepper class, circular cone green pepper class, the green pepper class of clustering, long green pepper class, bell pepper class five classes, when trunk diameter growth 8-10 sheet leaf, give birth to first flower, wider than tomato, eggplant to the requirement of temperature, humidity.
(1) characteristic
1, the capsicum main root is undeveloped, and the root amount is few, and root mass is distributed in the topsoil of 10-15 centimetre mostly, and its root system is neither drought-enduring, and is not waterlogging-resistant again.A little less than root regeneration energy force rate tomato, eggplant.Not anti-dense fertilizer.
2, generally when stem grows to 7-15 sheet leaf, the stem end forms bud, with two wooden forks or three wooden fork branch continued growths.In general, though same kind, the plantation in autumn, the number of blade during branching is fewer than the spring, generally at the 8-9 sheet.
3, high temperature and drought brings out the generation of virus disease and spreads, and high temperature and rainy also often has virus disease popular.
4, the fallen flowers of capsicum, shedding and fallen leaves (common name " three fall ") also often easily occur, and this is a major issue on capsicum produces, and is very large to yield effect.The reason more complicated of " three fall ".Early spring fallen flowers be mainly due to low temperature effect the elongation of pollination and pollen tube cause; Soil and air drought are also the reasons that causes fallen flowers; Nitrogenous fertilizer too much or the factors such as deficiency, branches and leaves excessive growth, illumination deficiency directly affect to nourish and grow and cause fallen flowers with the balance of reproductive growth; High temperature and drought causes that the generation of virus disease or high temperature waterlogging caused by excessive rain make that the Root Absorption ability weakens, the plant disorder, also have damage by disease and insect (anthracnose, ring spot, cotton bollworm, noctuid) etc., causes a large amount of " three fall ".
(2) to the requirement of environmental condition
1, temperature: germination period: flattening, true leaf appear from the seed germination to the cotyledon.The germination thermophilic is 25-30 ℃, lower than 15 ℃, is difficult for germinateing; 2. Seedling Stage: be exposed to the first flower from true leaf and budding.Growth of seedling thermophilic 25-30 ℃ on daytime, night temperature 20-25 ℃, soil temperature is 17-22 ℃; 3. yield positive results the phase: from first the flower budding to first the fruit setting be the early flowering season, daytime 20-25 ℃, 16-20 ℃ of night is favourable; 4. work as temperature and surpass 40 ℃, growth almost stops.
2, illumination: ask medium intensity of illumination, 40,000 5 left and right, lux.Undergrowth under the high light direct projection, and sun burn easily occurs.General warm season vegetable, photosynthetic light saturation point, mostly in 50,000 left and right, lux.
3, moisture content: water requirement is not too high, but root mass is undeveloped, does not often keep ground moistening, is difficult to obtain high yield.Capsicum waterflooding a few hours, plant will cause death.
4, soil: high and dry in physical features, draining is good, well-grown in fertile deep soil.General sandy soil, clay also can be cultivated, but should not be planted on the soil of low-lying ponding.Avoid and the solanaceous crops continuous cropping.
5, fertilizer: vegetative period is long, and is strict to the nutritional condition of soil, plants on the soil of medium above fertility, can high yield, and with heavy dressing base manure, successful in early days topdresses.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide that a kind of high temperature resistant, antiviral, growth potential is strong, in result set, thick, the cold-resistant capsicum variety of fruit pork, can increase the method for the capsicum delayed culture in autumn of output; The commercial grade that can not only improve, be beneficial to diseases prevention, is beneficial to product and goes on the market continuously, and can avoid fallen flowers, shedding and the fallen leaves of capsicum, greatly improved the local economy benefit.
Technical scheme of the present invention is being:
The method of this capsicum delayed culture in autumn consists of following steps:
1. variety adoption: should select suitable kind and take corresponding safeguard measure, just can reach optimal production and more efficient benefit.Can select Zheng green pepper No. nine, Zheng green pepper ten No. six, Zheng Yan pioneer, Charlie emperor, health are large 301, health is large 401, health is large 501, health large 601;
2. begin sowing in good time, cultivate strong sprout: middle part, Henan Province sowing time is 15---25 day in July, by the end of July the latest.Too early, the megathermal period in seedling stage is long in sowing, is subject to hot and humid impact and is subjected to virus disease and the harm of other damage by disease and insect and dead seedling; Sowed evening, later stage low temperature effect result, output is lower; Every 667 square metres of seeding quantity 75~100 grams;
3. site preparation and fertilization: stubble should be early risen in the soil before field planting, and deep ploughs 30 centimetres, suns the earth which has been ploughed up; To use sufficient base manure before whole ground, execute 1000 kilograms of high-quality decomposed manures for every 667 square metres, 50 kilograms of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizers, the then thin rake of deep ploughing; Every 667 square metres of executes 1 kilogram of short Feng Ling in site preparation and fertilization, is conducive to control the prosperous length of plant, promotes it to bloom and bears fruit;
4. field planting: take raised bed cultivate, press 65~70 centimetres of wide row spaces, 40~15 centimetres of setting-out ridgings of little line-spacing, ridge is high 10~15 centimetres; 35~40 centimetres of spacing in the rows, the two strains in a cave; Field planting at the beginning of late August to 9 month.Seedling age 40~50 days, 8~10 true leaves.Select cloudy day or fine day field planting in afternoon; The field planting degree of depth with soil equal being advisable that stick together, to water sufficient water by cave during field planting, field planting will in time be routed to drip irrigation pipe the seedling root after finishing; And fixed; As without the drip irrigation facility,, in order to secretly filling with under film, can play reduction humidity at covering with plastic film between narrow row, prevent the effect that disease occurs;
5. gather: door green pepper and to green pepper, can suitably early plucking, be conducive to impel plant strain growth and top result, plucking time is to be advisable morning.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
This invention is to provide that a kind of high temperature resistant, antiviral, growth potential is strong, in result set, thick, the cold-resistant capsicum variety of fruit pork, can increase the method for the capsicum delayed culture in autumn of output; The commercial grade that can not only improve, be beneficial to diseases prevention, is beneficial to product and goes on the market continuously, and can avoid fallen flowers, shedding and the fallen leaves of capsicum, greatly improved the local economy benefit.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
The method of this capsicum delayed culture in autumn consists of following steps:
1. variety adoption: should select suitable kind and take corresponding safeguard measure, just can reach optimal production and more efficient benefit.Can select Zheng green pepper No. nine, Zheng green pepper ten No. six, Zheng Yan pioneer, Charlie emperor, health are large 301, health is large 401, health is large 501, health large 601;
2. begin sowing in good time, cultivate strong sprout: middle part, Henan Province sowing time is 15---25 day in July, by the end of July the latest.Too early, the megathermal period in seedling stage is long in sowing, is subject to hot and humid impact and is subjected to virus disease and the harm of other damage by disease and insect and dead seedling; Sowed evening, later stage low temperature effect result, output is lower; Every 667 square metres of seeding quantity 75~100 grams;
3. site preparation and fertilization: stubble should be early risen in the soil before field planting, and deep ploughs 30 centimetres, suns the earth which has been ploughed up; To use sufficient base manure before whole ground, execute 1000 kilograms of high-quality decomposed manures for every 667 square metres, 50 kilograms of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizers, the then thin rake of deep ploughing; Every 667 square metres of executes 1 kilogram of short Feng Ling in site preparation and fertilization, is conducive to control the prosperous length of plant, promotes it to bloom and bears fruit;
4. field planting: take raised bed cultivate, press 65~70 centimetres of wide row spaces, 40~15 centimetres of setting-out ridgings of little line-spacing, ridge is high 10~15 centimetres; 35~40 centimetres of spacing in the rows, the two strains in a cave; Field planting at the beginning of late August to 9 month.Seedling age 40~50 days, 8~10 true leaves.Select cloudy day or fine day field planting in afternoon; The field planting degree of depth with soil equal being advisable that stick together, to water sufficient water by cave during field planting, field planting will in time be routed to drip irrigation pipe the seedling root after finishing; And fixed; As without the drip irrigation facility,, in order to secretly filling with under film, can play reduction humidity at covering with plastic film between narrow row, prevent the effect that disease occurs;
5. gather: door green pepper and to green pepper, can suitably early plucking, be conducive to impel plant strain growth and top result, plucking time is to be advisable morning.

Claims (1)

1. the method for a capsicum delayed culture in autumn, its feature consists of following steps:
1. variety adoption: should select suitable kind and take corresponding safeguard measure, just can reach optimal production and more efficient benefit.Can select Zheng green pepper No. nine, Zheng green pepper ten No. six, Zheng Yan pioneer, Charlie emperor, health are large 301, health is large 401, health is large 501, health large 601;
2. begin sowing in good time, cultivate strong sprout: middle part, Henan Province sowing time is 15---25 day in July, by the end of July the latest.Too early, the megathermal period in seedling stage is long in sowing, is subject to hot and humid impact and is subjected to virus disease and the harm of other damage by disease and insect and dead seedling; Sowed evening, later stage low temperature effect result, output is lower; Every 667 square metres of seeding quantity 75~100 grams;
3. site preparation and fertilization: stubble should be early risen in the soil before field planting, and deep ploughs 30 centimetres, suns the earth which has been ploughed up; To use sufficient base manure before whole ground, execute 1000 kilograms of high-quality decomposed manures for every 667 square metres, 50 kilograms of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizers, the then thin rake of deep ploughing; Every 667 square metres of executes 1 kilogram of short Feng Ling in site preparation and fertilization, is conducive to control the prosperous length of plant, promotes it to bloom and bears fruit;
4. field planting: take raised bed cultivate, press 65~70 centimetres of wide row spaces, 40~15 centimetres of setting-out ridgings of little line-spacing, ridge is high 10~15 centimetres; 35~40 centimetres of spacing in the rows, the two strains in a cave; Field planting at the beginning of late August to 9 month.Seedling age 40~50 days, 8~10 true leaves.Select cloudy day or fine day field planting in afternoon; The field planting degree of depth with soil equal being advisable that stick together, to water sufficient water by cave during field planting, field planting will in time be routed to drip irrigation pipe the seedling root after finishing; And fixed; As without the drip irrigation facility,, in order to secretly filling with under film, can play reduction humidity at covering with plastic film between narrow row, prevent the effect that disease occurs;
5. gather: door green pepper and to green pepper, can suitably early plucking, be conducive to impel plant strain growth and top result, plucking time is to be advisable morning.
CN201310185390XA 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Pepper autumn delay cultivation method Pending CN103385074A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104303816A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-01-28 成都红柿子科技有限公司 Planting method of sweet peppers
CN104396488A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-03-11 和县鑫发农业发展有限公司 Autumn-extension greenhouse Hangzhou chilli cultivation method
CN104620808A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-05-20 湖南省蔬菜研究所 Chili cultivation method of planting chilies in one crop and harvesting chilies in three seasons
CN106386082A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 湖南新泰和绿色农业集团有限公司 Tree-hanging fresh-keeping and overwintering regeneration plantation method for autumn delayed capsicum
CN108307951A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-07-24 武汉友芹种苗技术有限公司 A kind of autumn delays efficient pepper cultivation method
CN110100556A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-08-09 湖南省蔬菜研究所 It is a kind of to reduce pepper ralstonia solanacearum, bacterial leaf spot and the fertilizing method for improving capsicum drought resistance

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104396488A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-03-11 和县鑫发农业发展有限公司 Autumn-extension greenhouse Hangzhou chilli cultivation method
CN104303816A (en) * 2014-11-17 2015-01-28 成都红柿子科技有限公司 Planting method of sweet peppers
CN104620808A (en) * 2015-01-07 2015-05-20 湖南省蔬菜研究所 Chili cultivation method of planting chilies in one crop and harvesting chilies in three seasons
CN106386082A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-02-15 湖南新泰和绿色农业集团有限公司 Tree-hanging fresh-keeping and overwintering regeneration plantation method for autumn delayed capsicum
CN108307951A (en) * 2018-04-25 2018-07-24 武汉友芹种苗技术有限公司 A kind of autumn delays efficient pepper cultivation method
CN108307951B (en) * 2018-04-25 2020-06-05 武汉友芹种苗技术有限公司 High-efficiency pepper cultivation method for late autumn
CN110100556A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-08-09 湖南省蔬菜研究所 It is a kind of to reduce pepper ralstonia solanacearum, bacterial leaf spot and the fertilizing method for improving capsicum drought resistance
CN110100556B (en) * 2019-03-06 2021-07-27 湖南省蔬菜研究所 Fertilizing method for reducing pepper bacterial wilt and bacterial leaf spot and improving pepper drought resistance

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Application publication date: 20131113

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