CN103380788A - Natural pesticide used for nursery stocks and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Natural pesticide used for nursery stocks and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103380788A
CN103380788A CN201310273560XA CN201310273560A CN103380788A CN 103380788 A CN103380788 A CN 103380788A CN 201310273560X A CN201310273560X A CN 201310273560XA CN 201310273560 A CN201310273560 A CN 201310273560A CN 103380788 A CN103380788 A CN 103380788A
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China
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parts
nursery stock
natural insecticide
natural
russula
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CN201310273560XA
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CN103380788B (en
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杜希荣
单长芝
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JURONG GUGE DEMESNE MODERN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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JURONG GUGE DEMESNE MODERN AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Publication of CN103380788A publication Critical patent/CN103380788A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a natural pesticide used for nursery stocks. The natural pesticide comprises following ingredients: balsam pear, reed, ivy, alfalfa, bighead atractylodes rhizome, asarum herb, radix isatidis, pogostemon cablin, mangnolia officinalis and litsea citrate. Resources of the raw materials of the natural pesticide are abundant; cost is low; the natural pesticide is prepared by using pure natural ingredients, so that the natural pesticide is free of toxicity or pollution, and can be used for preventing and treating common pests of nursery stocks.

Description

A kind of nursery stock natural insecticide and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the prevention and elimination of disease and pests field, particularly a kind of nursery stock is with natural insecticide and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Nursery stock is the sapling with root system and Miao Gan.According to the growth characteristic of nursery stock different times, the process of growth of nursery stock roughly is divided into four periods, i.e. seeding stage, early growth period, fast-growing phase and growth later stage.Be the brephic of plant due to nursery stock, therefore have fast growth, be subject to the characteristics such as the damage by disease and insect infringement causes death.
At present, in seedling growth, for prevent damage by disease and insect normally used be chemical pesticide, because a large amount of problem of environmental pollutions that use chemical pesticides to cause are on the rise.Simultaneously, chemical pesticide does not have selectivity because of it, can threaten to useful biology yet.And a lot of chemical pesticides are non-degradables or are difficult to degrade, and easily pollute the enrichment of thing at the animals and plants cylinder accumulation.
Along with the public is more and more higher to the requirement of " pollution-free food ", " pollution-free food ", but also increase gradually to the ecological agricultural chemical demand of pollution-free natural degradation in market.From the development of pesticide science, " Harmless " of " back to nature " and agricultural chemicals, be the inexorable trend of society and Development of Natural Science, so the new bio broad spectrum pesticide has wide development prospect on pesticide manufacturing uses.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: the nursery stock natural insecticide that the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of environmental protection, good disinsection effect.
Technical scheme: a kind of nursery stock natural insecticide provided by the invention, made by following component: stone-like omphalia, russula emetica, Lygodium japonicum, cephalotaxus sinensis, the banksia rose, granatum, chenopodium ambrosiodies, radix aconiti agrestis.
As preferably, made by the component of following weight portion: stone-like omphalia 8-12 part, russula emetica 4-6 part, Lygodium japonicum 4-6 part, cephalotaxus sinensis 3-5 part, banksia rose 3-5 part, granatum 1-3 part, chenopodium ambrosiodies 1-3 part, radix aconiti agrestis 1-3 part.
As further preferred, made by the component of following weight portion: 10 parts of stone-like omphalias, 5 parts of russula emeticas, 5 parts of Lygodium japonicum, 4 parts of cephalotaxus sinensises, 4 parts of the banksia rose, 2 parts of granatums, 2 parts of chenopodium ambrosiodiess, 2 parts of radix aconiti agrestis.
The present invention also provides the preparation method of above-mentioned nursery stock with natural insecticide, comprises the following steps:
(1) with raw material mixing after pulverizing, sieving respectively, get compound; Described raw material is stone-like omphalia, russula emetica, Lygodium japonicum, cephalotaxus sinensis, the banksia rose, granatum, chenopodium ambrosiodies and radix aconiti agrestis;
(2) compound is added 5-10 doubly measure 95% ethanol water, be heated to 60-80 ℃ and decoct 1-3h;
(3) filter, filtrate is collected, and filter residue adds 5-10 doubly to measure 95% ethanol water, is heated to 60-80 ℃ and decocts 1-3h;
(4) filter, merging filtrate is concentrated into the 1/20-1/10 that ethanol adds total amount, adds 1-3 times of volume water, standing 24-48h;
(5) filter, filtrate is concentrated into without the alcohol flavor, adds with the water-soluble solution of weight, namely gets the nursery stock natural insecticide.
The present invention also provides the application of described nursery stock with natural insecticide, nursery stock is mixed being the desinsection microbial inoculum with 500-1000 times of water gaging with natural insecticide.
Beneficial effect: nursery stock provided by the invention is abundant with the natural insecticide raw material sources, and is with low cost, adopts the component of pure natural to make, Nonpoisonous, non-environmental-pollution not only, and can effectively prevent and treat the nursery stock common disease and pest.
Embodiment
According to following embodiment, the present invention may be better understood.Yet, those skilled in the art will readily understand, the described concrete material proportion of embodiment, process conditions and result thereof only are used for explanation the present invention, and should also can not limit the present invention described in detail in claims.
Embodiment 1
The nursery stock natural insecticide is made by the component of following weight portion: 10 parts of stone-like omphalias, 5 parts of russula emeticas, 5 parts of Lygodium japonicum, 4 parts of cephalotaxus sinensises, 4 parts of the banksia rose, 2 parts of granatums, 2 parts of chenopodium ambrosiodiess, 2 parts of radix aconiti agrestis.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) with raw material mixing after pulverizing, sieving respectively, get compound; Described raw material is stone-like omphalia, russula emetica, Lygodium japonicum, cephalotaxus sinensis, the banksia rose, granatum, chenopodium ambrosiodies and radix aconiti agrestis;
(2) compound is added the ethanol water of 8 times of amounts 95%, be heated to 70 ℃ and decoct 2h;
(3) filter, filtrate is collected, and filter residue adds the ethanol water of 8 times of amounts 95%, is heated to 60 ℃ and decocts 1-3h;
(4) filter, merging filtrate is concentrated into ethanol and adds 1/15 of total amount, adds the water of 2 times of volumes of concentrate, standing 36h;
(5) filter, filtrate is concentrated into without the alcohol flavor, adds with the water-soluble solution of weight, namely gets the nursery stock natural insecticide.
Embodiment 2
The nursery stock natural insecticide is made by the component of following weight portion: 12 parts of stone-like omphalias, 6 parts of russula emeticas, 4 parts of Lygodium japonicum, 3 parts of cephalotaxus sinensises, 3 parts of the banksia rose, 3 parts of granatums, 3 parts of chenopodium ambrosiodiess, 1 part of radix aconiti agrestis.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) with raw material mixing after pulverizing, sieving respectively, get compound; Described raw material is stone-like omphalia, russula emetica, Lygodium japonicum, cephalotaxus sinensis, the banksia rose, granatum, chenopodium ambrosiodies and radix aconiti agrestis;
(2) compound is added the ethanol water of 5 times of amounts 95%, be heated to 60 ℃ and decoct 3h;
(3) filter, filtrate is collected, and filter residue adds the ethanol water of 5 times of amounts 95%, is heated to 70 ℃ and decocts 4h;
(4) filter, merging filtrate is concentrated into ethanol and adds 1/20 of total amount, adds the water of 1 times of volume of concentrate, standing 48h;
(5) filter, filtrate is concentrated into without the alcohol flavor, adds with the water-soluble solution of weight, namely gets the nursery stock natural insecticide.
Embodiment 3
The nursery stock natural insecticide is made by the component of following weight portion: 8 parts of stone-like omphalias, 4 parts of russula emeticas, 6 parts of Lygodium japonicum, 5 parts of cephalotaxus sinensises, 5 parts of the banksia rose, 1 part of granatum, 1 part of chenopodium ambrosiodies, 3 parts of radix aconiti agrestis.
Its preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) with raw material mixing after pulverizing, sieving respectively, get compound; Described raw material is stone-like omphalia, russula emetica, Lygodium japonicum, cephalotaxus sinensis, the banksia rose, granatum, chenopodium ambrosiodies and radix aconiti agrestis;
(2) compound is added the ethanol water of 10 times of amounts 95%, be heated to 80 ℃ and decoct 1h;
(3) filter, filtrate is collected, and filter residue adds the ethanol water of 10 times of amounts 95%, is heated to 50 ℃ and decocts 2h;
(4) filter, merging filtrate is concentrated into ethanol and adds 1/10 of total amount, adds the water of 3 times of volumes of concentrate, standing 24h;
(5) filter, filtrate is concentrated into without the alcohol flavor, adds with the water-soluble solution of weight, namely gets the nursery stock natural insecticide.
The nursery stock that embodiment 4 measures embodiment 1 to 3 is with the insecticidal effect of natural insecticide to the common insect of nursery stock
This experiment is in vitro, and the nursery stock of measuring embodiment 1 to 3 is with the insecticidal effect of natural insecticide to the common insect of nursery stock, and method and result are as follows:
Aphid, two spotted spider mite, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, peach fruit borer, oriental fruit moth, the shallow moth of peach.
Measure embodiment 1 natural insecticide to the insecticidal effect of the common insect of nursery stock, the results are shown in Table 1.
The insecticidal effect of table 1 embodiment 1 natural insecticide to the common insect of nursery stock
Field efficacy to the natural insecticide of the embodiment of the present invention 1 to 3 is tested, diluted concentration be 500-1000 doubly, the results are shown in Table 2.
The field control effectiveness test of the natural insecticide of table 2 embodiment 1 to 3
Adopt the natural insecticide treatment of embodiment 1 to 3 to suffer from the insect pest nursery stock, various diseases is respectively treated 100 strains, and extension rate is 500 times, the results are shown in Table 3.
The insect pest nursery stock is suffered from the natural insecticide treatment of table 3 embodiment 1 to 3

Claims (5)

1. a nursery stock natural insecticide, is characterized in that: made by following component: stone-like omphalia, russula emetica, Lygodium japonicum, cephalotaxus sinensis, the banksia rose, granatum, chenopodium ambrosiodies, radix aconiti agrestis.
2. a kind of nursery stock natural insecticide according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the component by following weight portion is made: stone-like omphalia 8-12 part, russula emetica 4-6 part, Lygodium japonicum 4-6 part, cephalotaxus sinensis 3-5 part, banksia rose 3-5 part, granatum 1-3 part, chenopodium ambrosiodies 1-3 part, radix aconiti agrestis 1-3 part.
3. a kind of nursery stock natural insecticide according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the component by following weight portion is made: 10 parts of stone-like omphalias, 5 parts of russula emeticas, 5 parts of Lygodium japonicum, 4 parts of cephalotaxus sinensises, 4 parts of the banksia rose, 2 parts of granatums, 2 parts of chenopodium ambrosiodiess, 2 parts of radix aconiti agrestis.
4. a nursery stock with the preparation method of natural insecticide, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
(1) with raw material mixing after pulverizing, sieving respectively, get compound; Described raw material is stone-like omphalia, russula emetica, Lygodium japonicum, cephalotaxus sinensis, the banksia rose, granatum, chenopodium ambrosiodies and radix aconiti agrestis;
(2) compound is added 5-10 doubly measure 95% ethanol water, be heated to 60-80 ℃ and decoct 1-3h;
(3) filter, filtrate is collected, and filter residue adds 5-10 doubly to measure 95% ethanol water, is heated to 60-80 ℃ and decocts 1-3h;
(4) filter, merging filtrate is concentrated into the 1/20-1/10 that ethanol adds total amount, adds 1-3 times of volume water, standing 24-48h;
(5) filter, filtrate is concentrated into without the alcohol flavor, adds with the water-soluble solution of weight, namely gets the nursery stock natural insecticide.
5. nursery stock with the application of natural insecticide, is characterized in that: nursery stock is mixed being the desinsection microbial inoculum with 500-1000 times of water gaging with natural insecticide.
CN201310273560.XA 2013-06-28 2013-06-28 Natural pesticide used for nursery stocks and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103380788B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104872206A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-02 苏州市贝克生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of plant insecticide
CN106614836A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-10 芜湖国苑苗木服务有限公司 Natural environment-friendly flower pesticide and preparation method thereof
CN106614767A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-05-10 屈喜 Nuisance-free insecticidal preparation for harmful diseases and insect pests of crops
CN106614801A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-10 芜湖国苑苗木服务有限公司 Multifunctional and environment-friendly insecticide for seedlings and preparation method of insecticide

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CN1452869A (en) * 2002-04-26 2003-11-05 郭立卿 Prepn of wide-spectrum biopesticide of Chinese herbal medicine
CN101703078A (en) * 2008-09-28 2010-05-12 徐爽 Chinese medicinal pesticide
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104872206A (en) * 2015-05-20 2015-09-02 苏州市贝克生物科技有限公司 Preparation method of plant insecticide
CN106614836A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-10 芜湖国苑苗木服务有限公司 Natural environment-friendly flower pesticide and preparation method thereof
CN106614801A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-10 芜湖国苑苗木服务有限公司 Multifunctional and environment-friendly insecticide for seedlings and preparation method of insecticide
CN106614767A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-05-10 屈喜 Nuisance-free insecticidal preparation for harmful diseases and insect pests of crops

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