CN103374787A - Imitated suede warp knitted fabric and production process thereof - Google Patents

Imitated suede warp knitted fabric and production process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103374787A
CN103374787A CN2013103182308A CN201310318230A CN103374787A CN 103374787 A CN103374787 A CN 103374787A CN 2013103182308 A CN2013103182308 A CN 2013103182308A CN 201310318230 A CN201310318230 A CN 201310318230A CN 103374787 A CN103374787 A CN 103374787A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
yarn
fabric
suede
tissue
filling
Prior art date
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CN2013103182308A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张兆亮
承永刚
赵健
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江苏旷达汽车织物集团股份有限公司
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Application filed by 江苏旷达汽车织物集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 江苏旷达汽车织物集团股份有限公司
Priority to CN2013103182308A priority Critical patent/CN103374787A/en
Publication of CN103374787A publication Critical patent/CN103374787A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to an imitated suede warp knitted fabric and a production process thereof. The fabric is formed by knitting raising yarns and base yarns on a warp knitting machine, wherein the raising yarns are bicomponent differential shrinkage polyester yarns, and the base yarns are high shrinkage polyester yarns. The production process includes the steps: A) weaving; B) presetting at the temperature of 155-170 DEG C; C) sanding; D) dyeing; E) setting at the temperature of 165-185 DEG C. The imitated suede warp knitted fabric is compact in fabric structure, the surface of the fabric provides granular downy feelings, the appearance of the fabric is similar to reversed hair leather, the physical performance of the fabric is actually measured, and various performance indexes can meet technical requirements of automobile fabrics.

Description

Imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric and production technology thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric and production technology thereof.
Background technology
Traditional chamois flannel face fabric: fabric fine hair is thin and close, and is submissiveer, and fabric is thinner, and without the graininess velvet, outer appearnce is like chamois leather.
Continuous progress along with science and technology, automobile function is increasing, people are more and more higher to the pursuit in automotive trim space, automobile inner decoration facing is to diversified development, if chamois flannel face fabric can be used on the automobile inner decoration facing and will be presented in face of the people with the style of elegant, be that other fabrics can't be reached.
The chamois flannel face fabric of parts of traditional adopts the sea-island composite fiber of entirely washing to weave, weave the openpore that forms and become finished product through following production technology: initial shaping → fluffing → cropping → open fibre → dyeing → HEAT SETTING → sanding → finished product, stiffness and bulkiness by the chamois flannel face fabric of this explained hereafter are relatively poor, be prone in appearance the hair down phenomenon, affect appearance effect, also can't satisfy the specification requirement as automobile fabric at aspects such as ABRASION RESISTANCE, resistance to soiling, extension, pilling resistance, and this production process is complicated, and price is higher.
Chinese patent 200810156624.7 discloses a kind of suede nap fabric fabric and production method thereof, has a kind of different contraction yarn that is in the warp thread of composition fabric or the weft yarn at least, different contraction complex yarn has the filament length difference more than 18%, fabric has 5~20% elasticity, and fabric is torn brute force through broadwise and is more than the 20N; Wherein through after the deep processing, and the high yarn that shrinks obtains by mixed fine mode different contraction complex yarn, embodies the suede nap feel in fabric by the yarn with common shrinkage factor.The production technology of this suede nap fabric fabric is: warping--weaves--refining--boiling-off--high humidity treatment--typing--decrement--dyeing--typing.But suede nap fabric fabric suede velvet, third dimension that this production technology is produced are relatively poor; Refining, boiling-off and decrement process in rear process engineering adopt a large amount of acid, and the auxiliary agents such as caustic soda can pollute environment, and cause the intensity of fabric greatly to descend, and can not satisfy the physical performance index requirement of automobile fabric.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: provide that a kind of well-pressed, texture nature, particle plentifully are evenly distributed, the soft imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric that is different from traditional suede nap fabric fabric, can satisfy the physical performance index requirement of automobile fabric;
A kind of production technology of imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric is provided in addition, and its production process is few, can reduce production costs environmental contamination reduction.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric, formed in the warp knitting machine braiding by napping yarn and filling, comprise the structural suede tissue in end tissue and the end, the napping yarn is two different contraction polyester yarns of component, and filling is the high-contraction polyester yarn.Fabric can be tightr after this fabric was processed by HEAT SETTING, and elasticity is stronger.
End tissue is suede pin tissue, and the suede tissue is through the flat tissue of suede or through tiltedly putting down tissue.
Further limit, the different contraction polyester yarn of two components comprises high heart yarn and the low skin yarn that shrinks of shrinking, high compound fiber number of shrinking heart yarn is 50~100D, the compound fiber number of low pulled down yarn skin yarn is 30~75D, the high compound fiber number of heart yarn of shrinking is greater than low pulled down yarn skin yarn, high shrink the center that heart yarn is positioned at the napping yarn, low shrink the skin yarn be wrapped in high shrink heart yarn around.
Further limit, the boiling water shrinkage of filling is more than 16%.
Further limit, the napping yarn is two different contraction polyester DTY of component, and filling is high-contraction polyester FDY.
A kind of production technology of imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric has following processing step:
A) weave: be woven into grey cloth by napping yarn and filling at warp knitting machine, the napping yarn is two different contraction polyester yarns of component, and filling is the high-contraction polyester yarn;
B) pre-setting: the temperature of pre-setting is 155 ℃~170 ℃;
C) sanding;
D) dyeing;
E) typing: setting temperature is 165 ℃~185 ℃.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: this imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric fabric construction is tight, the surface has the graininess velvet, outer appearnce is like the frizzled feather ox-hide, its physical property is through actual measurement, the various aspects of performance index all can satisfy the automobile fabric specification requirement, especially anti-flammability, fracture strength, TENSILE STRENGTH, percentage elongation, colorfastness to rubbing, pilling tendency can satisfy the performance indications of stipulating in the HES D6506 standard under normal conditions.
The operation of this production technology has dropped to bottom line, has reduced production cost, has reduced environmental pollution, has improved production efficiency and energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples;
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Among the figure: 1. napping yarn, 2. filling.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric is formed in the warp knitting machine braiding by napping yarn 1 and filling 2, comprises the structural suede tissue in end tissue and the end, and napping yarn 1 is two different contraction polyester yarns of component, and filling 2 is high-contraction polyester yarns.End tissue is suede pin tissue, and the suede tissue is through the flat tissue of suede or through tiltedly putting down tissue.
The different contraction polyester DTY of two components comprises high heart yarn and the low skin yarn that shrinks of shrinking, the twist is 100T/M~200T/M, high compound fiber number of shrinking heart yarn is 50~100D, the low compound fiber number of pulled down yarn skin yarn is 30~75D, the high compound fiber number of heart yarn of shrinking is greater than low pulled down yarn skin yarn, high contraction heart yarn is positioned at the center of napping yarn (1), low shrink the skin yarn be wrapped in high shrink heart yarn around owing to highly shrink heart yarn and low thermal-shrinkage differential of shrinking the skin yarn makes the different contraction polyester yarn of component be fluffy state after post processing.
The boiling water shrinkage of filling (2) is 16%~30%, and the physical index of preferred filling (2) satisfies: intensity (CN/dtex) 〉=3.8; Intensity cv (%)≤5.0; Elongation (%): 29.5 ± 3.0; Elongation cv(%)≤8.0; Network (individual/M): 8 ± 4; Boiling shrinkage (%): 14.5 ± 2(water soluble method), the fiber number of filling (2) is 75D~100D.
A kind of production technology of imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric has following processing step:
A) weave: be woven into grey cloth by napping yarn (1) and filling (2) at warp knitting machine, napping yarn (1) is two different contraction polyester yarns of component, and filling (2) is the high-contraction polyester yarn;
B) pre-setting: because grey cloth is uneven very, the door width of cloth differs, therefore before sanding, must carries out first preboarding and process, temperature can not be too high during HEAT SETTING, only needs the various wrinkles of cloth cover are removed, and makes cloth cover very flat, the door width of cloth unanimously can get final product, and general temperature is comparatively suitable between 155~170 ℃;
C) sanding; The purpose of sanding is not destroy under the intensity prerequisite of fabric, makes fabric have slight velvet, thereby adds the granular sensation that follow-up dyeing has fabric to turn over ox-hide;
D) dyeing;
E) typing: the later setting temperature that fluffs can be suitably high, is generally 165~185 ℃, and the speed of a motor vehicle is 20-30m/min.

Claims (6)

1. imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric, it is characterized in that: formed in the warp knitting machine braiding by napping yarn (1) and filling (2), comprise the structural suede tissue in end tissue and the end, napping yarn (1) is two different contraction polyester yarns of component, and filling (2) is the high-contraction polyester yarn.
2. imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: tissue of the described end is suede pin tissue, the suede tissue is through the flat tissue of suede or through oblique flat tissue.
3. imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described pair of different contraction polyester yarn of component comprises high heart yarn and the low skin yarn that shrinks of shrinking, high compound fiber number of shrinking heart yarn is 50~100D, the compound fiber number of low pulled down yarn skin yarn is 30~75D, the high compound fiber number of heart yarn of shrinking is greater than low pulled down yarn skin yarn, high shrink the center that heart yarn is positioned at napping yarn (1), low shrink the skin yarn be wrapped in high shrink heart yarn around.
4. imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the boiling water shrinkage of described filling (2) is more than 16%.
5. imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described napping yarn (1) is two different contraction polyester DTY of component, and filling (2) is high-contraction polyester FDY.
6. the production technology of an imitative suede warp-knitted face fabric is characterized in that: have following processing step:
A) weave: be woven into grey cloth by napping yarn (1) and filling (2) at warp knitting machine, napping yarn (1) is two different contraction polyester yarns of component, and filling (2) is the high-contraction polyester yarn;
B) pre-setting: the temperature of pre-setting is 155 ℃~170 ℃;
C) sanding;
D) dyeing;
E) typing: setting temperature is 165 ℃~185 ℃.
CN2013103182308A 2013-07-26 2013-07-26 Imitated suede warp knitted fabric and production process thereof CN103374787A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104233597A (en) * 2014-10-08 2014-12-24 浙江嘉善悦达针织毛皮有限公司 Wool-like knitted fabric
CN107253359A (en) * 2017-06-17 2017-10-17 桐乡市龙翔纺织有限责任公司 A kind of warp knit sanding decorative fabric production technology
CN110485038A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-22 宁波大千纺织品有限公司 A kind of preparation method of differential one step sprinning lint knitting fabric

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2002044447A1 (en) * 2000-11-21 2002-06-06 Kolon Industries, Inc A sea-island typed composite fiber for warp knit treated raising, and a process of preparing for the same
US20020166348A1 (en) * 1999-12-16 2002-11-14 Yoon Joon Young Warp knit having an excellent touch, and a process of preparing the same
CN101684582A (en) * 2008-09-22 2010-03-31 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Suede nap fabric and production method thereof
CN103255570A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-08-21 江苏聚杰微纤纺织科技集团有限公司 Warp-knitting elastic suede textile
CN203411747U (en) * 2013-07-26 2014-01-29 江苏旷达汽车织物集团股份有限公司 Reversed fur imitating warp knitting fabric

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020166348A1 (en) * 1999-12-16 2002-11-14 Yoon Joon Young Warp knit having an excellent touch, and a process of preparing the same
WO2002044447A1 (en) * 2000-11-21 2002-06-06 Kolon Industries, Inc A sea-island typed composite fiber for warp knit treated raising, and a process of preparing for the same
CN101684582A (en) * 2008-09-22 2010-03-31 东丽纤维研究所(中国)有限公司 Suede nap fabric and production method thereof
CN103255570A (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-08-21 江苏聚杰微纤纺织科技集团有限公司 Warp-knitting elastic suede textile
CN203411747U (en) * 2013-07-26 2014-01-29 江苏旷达汽车织物集团股份有限公司 Reversed fur imitating warp knitting fabric

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王善元 等: "《新型纺织纱线》", 31 August 2007, 东华大学出版社 *
蒋高明: "经编麂皮绒生产工艺研究", 《上海纺织科技》 *
高思远 等: "汽车内饰织物"颗粒绒"的设计与开发", 《产业用纺织品》 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104233597A (en) * 2014-10-08 2014-12-24 浙江嘉善悦达针织毛皮有限公司 Wool-like knitted fabric
CN107253359A (en) * 2017-06-17 2017-10-17 桐乡市龙翔纺织有限责任公司 A kind of warp knit sanding decorative fabric production technology
CN110485038A (en) * 2019-08-21 2019-11-22 宁波大千纺织品有限公司 A kind of preparation method of differential one step sprinning lint knitting fabric

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Application publication date: 20131030