CN103369855B - Automatic needle inserting supply arrangement - Google Patents

Automatic needle inserting supply arrangement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103369855B
CN103369855B CN201310317581.7A CN201310317581A CN103369855B CN 103369855 B CN103369855 B CN 103369855B CN 201310317581 A CN201310317581 A CN 201310317581A CN 103369855 B CN103369855 B CN 103369855B
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pin
needle
fixed
translation
push
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CN103369855A (en
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徐锦波
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JINHUA CALET AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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JINHUA CALET AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a kind of automatic needle inserting supply arrangement, comprise storage needle device, device of handling the needle, push pin device, get needle device, collect needle device and control system; Described storage needle device is connected with one end of described device of handling the needle, to handle the needle described in described push pin device is arranged on the other end of device, describedly get the top that needle device is positioned at described push pin device, get the below of needle device described in described collection needle device is positioned at, described control system connect and control described storage needle device, device of handling the needle, push pin device, get needle device and collection needle device.Automatic needle inserting supply arrangement provided by the invention, the automaticity of equipment can be improved, and pin action will be got and corrective action combines, to reach the object reducing and get pin number of times, shorten device action cycle and the raising equipment rate of recovery, and the pin inserted loads in injection machine mould by cooperative mechanical hand, whole process is without the need to artificial participation, and device efficiency is high and safe and reliable.

Description

Automatic needle inserting supply arrangement
Technical field
The present invention relates to injection moulding industrial technology field, in particular to a kind of injection moulding automatic needle inserting supply arrangement.
Background technology
Along with the development of injection moulding industry, peripheral feed just experienced by the stage of semi-automation to full-automatic future development.Although there is the pin machine of automation that cushion is good at present, but these equipment contact pin cycles are long, but also need outfit operator whether to stick with pin inspection completely to pin holes, the row of contact pin is also limited in a row, need manually to change mould simultaneously, cause the efficiency of equipment not high.
Prior art discloses a kind of pcb board pin machine, after the pin moved on pin block ejects by the liftout attachment that it is arranged, the pin be ejected moved in rectification plate by getting pin manipulator pin is corrected, then by pointer assembling machine tool hand, the pin after correcting is moved in dress needle plate.Need to get pin-once get pin manipulator contact pin-adjusting pin-mono-time pointer assembling machine tool hand to get pin-mono-time pointer assembling machine tool hand contact pin process through once getting pin manipulator, it is loaded down with trivial details to get pin process, causes device action Period Process long; And get pin manipulator get pin before pin can not accurately locate, cause getting and when pin got by pin manipulator, leakage very easily occur and get or fall pin phenomenon; In addition, need the special operator of outfit whether to stick with completely the pin on dress needle plate in equipment operation process to check.
Correlation technique Problems existing:
1. to get pin process loaded down with trivial details for equipment, causes device action Period Process long;
2. get pin manipulator get pin before pin can not accurately locate, cause getting and when pin got by pin manipulator, leakage very easily occur and get or fall pin phenomenon;
3. need the special operator of outfit whether to stick with completely the pin on dress needle plate in equipment operation process to check.
Therefore, how can evade to sum up defect simultaneously, thus greatly improve operating efficiency and improve automation degree of equipment further, reducing operating personnel's quantity, is technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
For to solve the problems of the technologies described above or one of at least, the invention provides a kind of automatic needle inserting supply arrangement, the automaticity of equipment can be improved, pin action will be got and corrective action combines, get pin number of times to reach to reduce, shorten the device action cycle and improve the object of the equipment rate of recovery.
In view of this, the invention provides a kind of automatic needle inserting supply arrangement, comprise storage needle device, device of handling the needle, push pin device, get needle device, collect needle device and control system; Described storage needle device is connected with one end of described device of handling the needle, the other end of device of handling the needle described in described push pin device is arranged on, described in get the top that needle device is positioned at described push pin device, get the below of needle device described in described collection needle device is positioned at; Described control system connect and control described storage needle device, described in handle the needle device, described push pin device, described in get needle device and described collection needle device; Described storage needle device is for storing pin, and handle the needle in device described in pin can being transported to, pin can move in described push pin device along described device of handling the needle and also hang in described push pin device, described push pin device is by after the displacement of the pin of hanging, described needle device of getting compresses and the pin of locating hanging, described push pin device will compress and after the projection of the pin of locating upwards ejects described push pin device, described in get needle device and clamp the shank be ejected, and by the cushion of clamping on described collection needle device.
The automatic needle inserting supply arrangement that this programme provides, the automaticity of equipment can be improved, and pin action will be got and corrective action combines, to reach the object reducing and get pin number of times, shorten device action cycle and the raising equipment rate of recovery, and the pin inserted loads in injection machine mould by cooperative mechanical hand, whole process is without the need to artificial participation, and device efficiency is high and safe and reliable.
In technique scheme, preferably, described needle device of getting comprises the first fixed mount, first translation mechanism, first elevating mechanism, fixture and elastic locating mechanism, described first fixed mount is fixed in frame, be arranged on after described first translation mechanism and described first elevating mechanism are assembled into siamese part on described first fixed mount, described fixture and described elastic locating mechanism are all fixed on described siamese part and described elastic locating mechanism is positioned at described fixture, described fixture and described elastic locating mechanism are positioned at above described push pin device, described first translation mechanism can drive described fixture and described elastic locating mechanism to move left and right, described first elevating mechanism can drive described fixture and described elastic locating mechanism to move up and down.
This programme is located by elastic locating mechanism and is compressed pin, to be located by gripper mechanism grips and after the pin compressed, the pin of clamping is directly inserted in collection needle device, directly contact pin is completed after once pressing from both sides pin operation, without the need to carrying out extra pilot pin, the action of secondary folder pin, the device action cycle is short, efficiency is high, can effectively improve the equipment rate of recovery, improves enterprise income.
In technique scheme, preferably, described first translation mechanism is without bar cylinder, and described first elevating mechanism is three bar cylinders; Described three bar cylinders are fixed on described without on bar cylinder, are describedly fixed on described first fixed mount without bar cylinder, describedly described three bar cylinders can be driven to move horizontally without bar cylinder, and described fixture and described elastic locating mechanism are fixed on described three bar cylinders; Described elastic locating mechanism comprises locating piece and spring, and the lower surface of described locating piece is provided with the groove coordinated with pin cap, and the upper end of described locating piece is fixed on the expansion link of described three bar cylinders by spring, and the telescopic end of described expansion link is arranged down; Described fixture comprises two intermediate plates be arranged on described expansion link, and intermediate plate described in two is positioned at the both sides of described locating piece, and the lower surface of described locating piece is lower than described intermediate plate.
In this programme, elastic locating mechanism is arranged in two intermediate plates of fixture, its lower surface is lower than intermediate plate, get needle device first to be compressed and pilot pin by elastic locating mechanism, push pin device will compress and the projection of the pin of locating upwards ejects the upper surface of push pin device, under the pressure effect of pin locating piece lower surface on move to higher than intermediate plate position, lower surface after, intermediate plate by the shank stretching out push pin device upper surface of lower end clamping needle, and inserts the needle in collection needle device under the effect of the first elevating mechanism and the first translation mechanism; Whole Equipment is compact to design, reasonable, and whole process is few, and fixture positions shank, accurate positioning, can shorten the device action cycle, improves device efficiency.
In technique scheme, preferably, described push pin device comprises the second fixed mount, block of pushing pin, the second translation mechanism, the second elevating mechanism and thimble rod; Described second fixed mount is fixed in described frame, and described second translation mechanism and described second elevating mechanism are fixed on described second fixed mount from top to bottom successively, and described thimble rod is arranged on described second elevating mechanism and the below of block of pushing pin described in being positioned at; Described block of pushing pin to be arranged on described second translation mechanism and to get the below of needle device described in being positioned at, and one end just maintains a certain distance with described end face of handling the needle the device other end the end face of the described device other end of handling the needle, pin can from described in handle the needle device be transported to described in push pin in block and push pin on block described in being lifted on.
This programme push pin block one end face just to the end face of the second translation mechanism other end, push pin block after being shifted together with the pin on it, block of pushing pin just can stop that the pin be positioned on device of handling the needle foremost is outwards deviate from from the end of device of handling the needle to the end face of the second translation mechanism; When after block return of pushing pin, being positioned at device pin foremost of handling the needle can enter block of pushing pin again, ensures the continuous running of equipment.
In technique scheme, preferably, described block of pushing pin just is provided with the first groove on the end face of described device of handling the needle, pin can be moved in described first groove along described device of handling the needle and be pushed pin on the upper surface of block described by the hanging of pin cap, and the lower end of pin is through described first groove and the lower surface of block of pushing pin described in stretching out; Described thimble rod is cylindric, and its one end is fixed on described second elevating mechanism, and the other end is provided with tapered blind hole, and the needle point of pin can stretch in described tapered blind hole; Described second elevating mechanism is two bar cylinders, and described second translation mechanism is single-rod cylinder.
In this programme, by thimble rod by the pin of pushing pin in the block upwards jack-up after displacement, thimble rod is provided with tapered blind hole, needle point stretches in tapered blind hole, tapered blind hole can lead to needle point and locate, with get needle device and match pin positioned, can prevent from the phenomenon that pin can not accurately insert in collection needle device occurs occurring because locating inaccurate.
In technique scheme, preferably, described collection needle device comprises pin board, the 3rd translation mechanism and the first checkout gear, described pin board is fixed on described 3rd translation mechanism, described 3rd translation mechanism and described first checkout gear are fixed in described frame, and described first checkout gear is positioned at the top of detection position; Described pin board is provided with many sockets pin hole, describedly get after needle device completes a contact pin, pin inserts in the described pin holes of a row, described 3rd translation mechanism drives described pin board to move, the pin holes of described pin board next row is made to move to the position at a socket pin hole place, the described pin holes of this row completing contact pin moves to described detection position, and described first checkout gear can detect the described pin holes being positioned at described detection position and whether stick with pin.
In this programme, complete a contact pin, pin is inserted in a socket pin hole, the pin holes of next row moves to the position at a socket pin hole place, this socket pin hole moves to detection position, the pin of the first checkout gear to the pin holes being positioned at detection position detects, and when not having pin in the part pin holes in this socket pin hole, the first checkout gear can carry out alarm; This programme contact pin station is without the need to operator's complete monitoring, and whole contact pin process decreases the librarian use quantity of equipment, improves automation degree of equipment.
In technique scheme, preferably, described 3rd translation mechanism comprises the 3rd fixed mount, motor and screw-nut structure; Described 3rd fixed mount is fixed in described frame, and described motor is fixed on described 3rd fixed mount, and described motor drives described screw-nut structure to drive described pin board to move; Described first checkout gear is transducer, and described transducer is fixed on described 3rd fixed mount by bracing frame.
3rd translation mechanism selects motor and screw-nut structure transmission, and stable drive is reliable, and motor can select driven by servomotor, and control precision is high, and whole process control is good.
In technique scheme, preferably, described in device of handling the needle be rectilinear motion runner, described rectilinear motion runner comprises linear vibrator, runner and cover plate; Described cover plate is fixed on described runner, the lower surface of described cover plate is positioned at above described runner, described runner is fixed on described linear vibrator, the upper surface of described runner is provided with the second groove along its length, described second groove one end is communicated with described helical guideway, and the other end and described push pin device keep certain distance; Pin can move to described second groove along described helical guideway, and can to move in described push pin device along described second groove and hanging in described push pin device.
The lower surface of the cover plate arranged in this programme is positioned at the top of runner, and the pin cap of pin is arranged between the lower surface of cover plate and the upper surface of runner, can limit pin beating in the axial direction, prevents pin from longitudinally outwards shaking and being shed to device external from runner.
In technique scheme, preferably, described rectilinear motion runner also comprises second detection device, and described second detection device is fixed on described cover plate, and whether the position can detected in described runner below it has pin.
Second detection device is arranged on the cover board, whether the position can detected in runner below it has pin, if the second detection device position shown below it continues there is pin, then show that the position pin in its front is booked, storage needle device now can be stopped to send pin, reduce the waste of electric energy, when pin can not be detected below second detection device, storage needle device starts, and continues as device of handling the needle and send pin, can improve energy utilization rate.
In technique scheme, preferably, described second detection device is transducer, described storage needle device is vibrating disk, described vibrating disk is provided with three helical guideways, described automatic needle inserting supply arrangement completes one-period action and inserts three pins, described storage needle device, described in handle the needle device, described push pin device, described in get needle device, described collection needle device and described control system and be installed in described frame.
Vibrating disk is provided with three helical guideways, automatic needle inserting supply arrangement can carry out contact pin operation to the pin in three helical guideways simultaneously, and device efficiency improves further.
In sum, the automatic needle inserting supply arrangement that this programme provides, the automaticity of equipment can be improved, pin action will be got and corrective action combines, to reach the object reducing and get pin number of times, shorten device action cycle and the raising equipment rate of recovery, and the pin inserted loads in injection machine mould by cooperative mechanical hand, whole process is without the need to artificial participation, and device efficiency is high and safe and reliable; And be equipped with checkout gear device action is detected, decrease the librarian use quantity of equipment, improve the automaticity of equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of getting needle device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the perspective view of push pin device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the perspective view collecting needle device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the perspective view of device of handling the needle in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the perspective view of storing up needle device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 7 is the perspective view of control system in Fig. 1;
Fig. 8 is the perspective view according to one embodiment of the invention pin.
Wherein, the corresponding relation in Fig. 1 to Fig. 8 between Reference numeral and component names is:
1 storage needle device, 11 vibrating disks, 111 helical guideways, 112 vibrators, 2 handle the needle device, 21 rectilinear motion runners, 211 linear vibrator, 2111 directly shake seat, 212 runners, 2121 second grooves, 213 cover plates, 214 second detection devices, 3 push pin device, 31 second fixed mounts, 311 mounting panels, 32 push pin block, 321 second guide rods, 322 first grooves, 33 second translation mechanisms, 331 push pin guide block, 332 oil buffers, 34 second elevating mechanisms, 341 cylinder fixed blocks, 3411 first guide rods, 35 thimble rods, 351 Ejector Retainer Plates, 4 get needle device, 41 first fixed mounts, 4111 square tube supports, 4112 square tubes, 4113 fixed floors, 4114 guide rod fixed base plates, 4115 air cylinder fixed plate, 4116 oil buffers, 4117 guide pillar slide rails, 4118 slide blocks, 4119 slide plates, 4120 descending air cylinder fixed plate, 4121 Pneumatic slid platforms, 4122 Pneumatic slid platform transfer blocks, 4123 blocks, 42 first translation mechanisms, 43 first elevating mechanisms, 44 fixtures, 45 elastic locating mechanisms, 451 locating pieces, 5 collection needle devices, 51 pin boards, 511 pin holes, 512 keysets, 513 nut transfer blocks, 514 support bars, 515 capsule covers, 52 the 3rd translation mechanisms, 521 the 3rd fixed mounts, 522 motors, 523 servo motor seat, 524 leading screws, 5241 leading screw bearings, 525 slide rails, 5251 slide blocks, 526 sliding track holders, 53 first checkout gears, 531 bracing frames, 5311 sense switch fixed heads, 54 proximity switch, 541 proximity switch seats, 542 induction iron plates, 6 control system, 61 starting switches, 62 vibrating disk controllers, 63 linear vibrator controllers, 64 pairs of electricity combinations, 65 Damping cushions, 66 castors, 67 control units, 68 workbench base plates, 7 frames, 81 detection positions, 82 narrowing positions, 83 get pin position, 84 contact pin positions, 91 pin caps, 92 shanks.
Embodiment
In order to more clearly understand above-mentioned purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further described in detail.It should be noted that, when not conflicting, the feature in the embodiment of the application and embodiment can combine mutually.
Set forth a lot of detail in the following description so that fully understand the present invention; but; the present invention can also adopt other to be different from mode described here to implement, and therefore, protection scope of the present invention is not by the restriction of following public specific embodiment.
Automatic needle inserting supply arrangement provided by the invention, as shown in Figure 1, comprises storage needle device 1, device 2 of handling the needle, push pin device 3, gets needle device 4, collects needle device 5 and control system 6; Storage needle device 1 is connected with the one end of device 2 of handling the needle, and push pin device 3 is arranged on the other end of device 2 of handling the needle, and gets the top that needle device 4 is positioned at push pin device 3, and collection needle device 5 is positioned at the below of getting needle device 4; Control system 6 connect and control storage needle device 1, device 2 of handling the needle, push pin device 3, get needle device 4 and collection needle device 5; Storage needle device 1 is for storing pin, and pin can be transported to and handle the needle in device 2, pin can move in push pin device 3 along device 2 of handling the needle and also hang in push pin device 3, push pin device 3 is by after the displacement of the pin of hanging, get needle device 4 to compress and the pin of locating hanging, push pin device 3 will compress and after the projection of the pin of locating upwards ejects push pin device 3, get needle device 4 and clamp the shank 92 be ejected, and by the cushion of clamping on collection needle device 5.
Wherein, storage needle device 1, device 2 of handling the needle, push pin device 3, get needle device 4, collection needle device 5 and control system 6 can be installed in frame 7, certainly, also control system 6 can being arranged on the outside (as arranged on the ground) of frame 7, the goal of the invention of the application can be realized equally.
The automatic needle inserting supply arrangement that this programme provides, the automaticity of equipment can be improved, and pin action will be got and corrective action combines, to reach the object reducing and get pin number of times, shorten device action cycle and the raising equipment rate of recovery, and the pin inserted loads in injection machine mould by cooperative mechanical hand, whole process is without the need to artificial participation, and device efficiency is high and safe and reliable.
Preferably, as Fig. 1, shown in Fig. 2, get needle device 4 and comprise the first fixed mount 41, first translation mechanism 42, first elevating mechanism 43, fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45, first fixed mount 41 is fixed in frame 7, be arranged on the first fixed mount 41 after first translation mechanism 42 and the first elevating mechanism 43 are assembled into siamese part, fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45 are all fixed on siamese part and elastic locating mechanism 45 is positioned at fixture 44, fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45 are positioned at above push pin device 3, first translation mechanism 42 can drive fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45 to move left and right, first elevating mechanism 43 can drive fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45 to move up and down.
This programme is located by elastic locating mechanism and is compressed pin, to be located by gripper mechanism grips and after the pin compressed, the pin of clamping is directly inserted in collection needle device, directly contact pin is completed after once pressing from both sides pin operation, without the need to carrying out extra pilot pin, the action of secondary folder pin, the device action cycle is short, efficiency is high, can effectively improve the equipment rate of recovery, improves enterprise income.
Wherein, the first translation mechanism 42 is without bar cylinder, and the first elevating mechanism 43 is three bar cylinders; Three bar cylinders are fixed on without on bar cylinder, are fixed on the first fixed mount 41 without bar cylinder, three bar cylinders can be driven to move horizontally without bar cylinder, and fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45 are fixed on three bar cylinders; Elastic locating mechanism 45 comprises locating piece 451 and spring, and the lower surface of locating piece 451 is provided with the groove coordinated with pin cap 91, and the upper end of locating piece 451 is fixed on the expansion link of three bar cylinders by spring, and the telescopic end of expansion link is arranged down; Fixture 44 comprises two intermediate plates be arranged on expansion link, and two intermediate plates are positioned at the both sides of locating piece 451, and the lower surface of locating piece 451 is lower than intermediate plate.
In this programme, elastic locating mechanism is arranged in two intermediate plates of fixture, its lower surface is lower than intermediate plate, get needle device first to be compressed and pilot pin by elastic locating mechanism, push pin device will compress and the projection of the pin of locating upwards ejects the upper surface of push pin device, under the pressure effect of pin locating piece lower surface on move to higher than intermediate plate position, lower surface after, intermediate plate by the shank stretching out push pin device upper surface of lower end clamping needle, and inserts the needle in collection needle device under the effect of the first elevating mechanism and the first translation mechanism; Whole Equipment is compact to design, reasonable, and whole process is few, and fixture positions shank, accurate positioning, can shorten the device action cycle, improves device efficiency.
Fixture 44 in the application can adopt air pressure to drive.
What the application provided gets needle device one embodiment, and as shown in Figure 2, the installation relation between each parts is as follows:
First fixed mount 41 comprises square tube support 4111, square tube 4112 is fixed on square tube support 4111, fixed base plate 4113 across being fixed in two square tubes 4112, guide rod fixed base plate 4114 and air cylinder fixed plate 4115 be fixed on fixed base plate 4113, be fixed in air cylinder fixed plate 4115 without the oil buffer 4116 of bar cylinder and setting; The guide pillar slide rail 4117 arranged is fixed on guide rod fixed base plate 4114, and guide pillar slide rail 4117 leads for moving in the horizontal direction three bar cylinders; Slide block 4118 is fixed on guide pillar slide rail 4117, slide plate 4119 is fixed on slide block 4118, the block 4123 coordinated with oil buffer 4116 is fixed on slide plate 4119, and three bar cylinders can be avoided to produce rigid shock with air cylinder fixed plate 4115 at ends contact moving horizontally process middle slide plate 4119; Three bar cylinders are coupled together with slide plate 4119 by descending cylinder fixed block 4120; Pneumatic slid platform 4121 is fixed on the expansion link end face of three bar cylinder lower ends by Pneumatic slid platform transfer block 4122; Two intermediate plates are fixed on Pneumatic slid platform 4121, and locating piece 451 is fixed on Pneumatic slid platform transfer block 4122 lower end by fixed head, and locating piece 451 is connected by spring with fixed head.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, push pin device 3 comprises the second fixed mount 31, block 32 of pushing pin, the second translation mechanism 33, second elevating mechanism 34 and thimble rod 35; Second fixed mount 31 is fixed in frame 7, and the second translation mechanism 33 and the second elevating mechanism 34 are fixed on the second fixed mount 31 from top to bottom successively, and thimble rod 35 to be arranged on the second elevating mechanism 34 and to be positioned at the below of block 32 of pushing pin; Block 32 of pushing pin to be arranged on the second translation mechanism 33 and to be positioned at the below of getting needle device 4, and one end just keeps certain distance with the end face of device 2 other end of handling the needle to the end face of device 2 other end of handling the needle, pin can be transported in block 32 of pushing pin from device 2 of handling the needle and to be lifted on and push pin on block 32.
Distance between the end face of push pin block 32 and device 2 other end of handling the needle in this programme is less than the diameter of shank.
The block one of pushing pin of this programme rectifies the end face to the second translation mechanism other end, push pin block after being shifted together with the pin on it, block of pushing pin just can stop that the pin be positioned on device of handling the needle foremost is outwards deviate from from the end of device of handling the needle to the end face of the second translation mechanism; When after block return of pushing pin, being positioned at device pin foremost of handling the needle can enter block of pushing pin again, ensures the continuous running of equipment.
Wherein, push pin on the end face of block 32 just to device 2 of handling the needle and be provided with the first groove 322, pin can be moved in the first groove 322 along device 2 of handling the needle and be hung on the upper surface of pushing pin block 32 by pin cap 91, and the lower surface of block 32 of pushing pin is stretched out through the first groove 322 in the lower end of pin; Thimble rod 35 is in cylindric, and its one end is fixed on the second elevating mechanism 34, and the other end is provided with tapered blind hole, and the needle point of pin can stretch in tapered blind hole; Second elevating mechanism 34 is two bar cylinders, and the second translation mechanism 33 is single-rod cylinder.
In this programme, by thimble rod by the pin of pushing pin in the block upwards jack-up after displacement, thimble rod is provided with tapered blind hole, needle point stretches in tapered blind hole, tapered blind hole can lead to needle point and locate, with get needle device and match pin positioned, can prevent from the phenomenon that pin can not accurately insert in collection needle device occurs occurring because locating inaccurate.
Wherein, the shank 92 of a pin can only be held in the first groove 322.
Push pin device one embodiment that the application provides, as shown in Figure 3, the installation relation between each parts is as follows:
Second fixed mount 31 of push pin device 3 is fixed on square tube support 4111 by the mounting panel 311 of bottom; Two bar cylinder is fixed on the second fixed mount 31 by cylinder fixed block 341, bearing and the first guide rod 3411 cylinder fixed block 341 be equipped with, for the guiding of two bar cylinder, Ejector Retainer Plate 351 is fixed on the expansion link of two bar cylinder, and thimble rod 35 is fixed on Ejector Retainer Plate 351; Guide block 331 of pushing pin is positioned at the top of thimble rod 35, and guide block 331 of pushing pin plays horizontally-guided effect to block 32 of pushing pin, and single-rod cylinder is fixed on the guide block 331 and push pin on block 32 of pushing pin; Push pin block 32 by built with bearing and the second guide rod 321 be fixed on and push pin on guide block 331, the oil buffer 332 of shock absorbing effect guide block 331 of pushing pin also has been equipped with.
The second elevating mechanism in the application, the second translation mechanism, the first elevating mechanism and the first translation mechanism can be cylinder-driven mechanism, hydraulic cylinder transmission mechanism, chain-drive mechanism or belt gear etc., and the first translation mechanism also can be arranged on the first elevating mechanism, fixed by the first elevating mechanism and the first fixed mount, fixture and elastic locating mechanism are arranged on the first translation mechanism; These changes all can realize object of the present invention, and its aim does not depart from design philosophy of the present invention, should belong to the protection range of this patent.
Composition graphs 1 to Fig. 4, the push pin device in the application is as follows with the action convergence process getting needle device:
Pin from device 2 of handling the needle move to be positioned at narrowing position 82 block 32 of pushing pin on and be lifted on block 32 of pushing pin, second translation mechanism 33 action, drive the pin on it to move to get pin position 83 to the direction of collection needle device 5 side by block 32 of pushing pin, and the pin of pushing pin on block 32 is separated with the pin of handling the needle on device 2, be positioned at the first elevating mechanism 43 got above pin position 83 to drive fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45 to move downward to get pin position 83, the lower end of elastic locating mechanism 45 is coordinated and after compressing pin cap 91 with the pin cap 91 of pin upper end, thimble rod 35 promote under the effect of the second elevating mechanism 34 pin move upward elasticity of compression detent mechanism 45 locating piece 451 lower surface on move to position higher than fixture 44, projection 92 is exposed push pin the upper surface of block 32, now, two intermediate plates of fixture 44 clamp the shank 92 exposed, after fixture 44 clamps shank 92, first elevating mechanism 43 drives fixture 44 and elastic locating mechanism 45 move and makes the pin of clamping deviate to push pin after block 32, first translation mechanism 42 drives the first elevating mechanism 43 to move to above contact pin position 84 by the pin of clamping, first elevating mechanism 43 drives fixture 44 to move down and inserts a needle on the pin board 51 of the collection needle device 5 being positioned at contact pin position 84.
Preferably, as Figure 1 and Figure 4, collection needle device 5 comprises pin board 51, the 3rd translation mechanism 52 and the first checkout gear 53, pin board 51 is fixed on the 3rd translation mechanism 52,3rd translation mechanism 52 and the first checkout gear 53 are fixed in frame 7, and the first checkout gear 53 is positioned at the top of detection position 81; Pin board 51 is provided with many sockets pin hole 511, get after needle device 4 completes a contact pin, pin inserts in a socket pin hole 511,3rd translation mechanism 52 drives pin board 51 to move, the pin holes 511 of pin board 51 next row is made to move to the position at socket pin hole 511 place, this socket pin hole 511 completing contact pin moves to detection position 81, first checkout gear 53 and can detect the pin holes 511 being positioned at detection position 81 and whether stick with pin (" sticking with pin " namely: three pin holes all insert pin).
In this programme, complete a contact pin, pin is inserted in a socket pin hole, the pin holes of next row moves to the position at a socket pin hole place, this socket pin hole moves to detection position, the pin of the first checkout gear to the pin holes being positioned at detection position detects, and when not having pin in the part pin holes in this socket pin hole, the first checkout gear can carry out alarm; This programme contact pin station is without the need to operator's complete monitoring, and whole contact pin process decreases the librarian use quantity of equipment, improves automation degree of equipment.
Wherein, the 3rd translation mechanism 52 comprises the 3rd fixed mount 521, motor 522 and screw-nut structure; 3rd fixed mount 521 is fixed in frame 7, and motor 522 is fixed on the 3rd fixed mount 521, and motor 522 drives screw-nut structure to drive pin board 51 to move; First checkout gear 53 is transducer, and transducer is fixed on the 3rd fixed mount 521 by bracing frame 531.
3rd translation mechanism selects motor and screw-nut structure transmission, and stable drive is reliable, and motor can select driven by servomotor, and control precision is high, and whole process control is good.
Certainly, the 3rd translation mechanism also can select cylinder-driven, hydraulic cylinder transmission, chain gear transmission or belt transmission etc., and these changes all can realize object of the present invention, and its aim does not depart from design philosophy of the present invention, should belong to the protection range of this patent.
Collection needle device one embodiment that the application provides, as shown in Figure 4, the installation relation between each parts is as follows:
Motor 522 is fixed in servo motor seat 523, leading screw 524 is fixed on servo motor seat 523 and leading screw bearing 5241 by double-row angular contact bal bearing and deep groove ball bearing, leading screw 524 is connected by shaft coupling with motor 522, sliding track holder 526 is fixed on the 3rd fixed mount 521, slide rail 525 is fixed on sliding track holder 526, slide block 5251 is connected with slide rail 525, keyset 512 and slide block 5251 are connected by nut transfer block 513, nut is positioned in nut transfer block 513, pin board 51 is fixed on keyset 512 by support bar 514, the height of pin board 51 can be regulated by support bar 514, pin board 51 studs with bushing 515, bushing 515 are positioned at pin holes 511, for the location of pin, bracing frame 531 is fixed on sliding track holder 526, first checkout gear 53 is fixed on the sense switch fixed head 5311 on bracing frame 531 top, and the first checkout gear 53 is positioned at above detection position 81, proximity switch 54 is fixed on sliding track holder 526 by proximity switch seat 541, and induction iron plate 542 is fixed in nut transfer block 513, for the position adjustments in pin board 51 reciprocatory movement.
Collection needle device 5 in the present embodiment, after the cushion on pin board 51 is full, can capture the pin inserted in the rear mould loading injection molding machine by cooperative mechanical hand.Now pin board 51 counter motion can get back to the contact pin action that initial position carries out next cyclic process again; Also can be the contact pin action that next cyclic process is directly carried out in counter motion, complete after pin board 51 sticks with pin until arrive initial position, manipulator captures pin again at initial position, and this scheme can realize the circulation contact pin in two directions.
Preferably, as shown in Figure 1, shown in Figure 5, device 2 of handling the needle is for rectilinear motion runner 21, and rectilinear motion runner 21 comprises linear vibrator 211, runner 212 and cover plate 213; Cover plate 213 is fixed on runner 212, the lower surface of cover plate 213 is positioned at above runner 212, runner 212 is fixed on linear vibrator 211, the upper surface of runner 212 is provided with the second groove 2121 along its length, second groove 2121 one end is communicated with helical guideway 111, and the other end and push pin device 3 keep certain distance; Pin can move in the second groove 2121 along helical guideway 111, and can move to the interior also hanging of push pin device 3 in push pin device 3 along the second groove 2121.
The lower surface of the cover plate arranged in this programme is positioned at the top of runner, and the pin cap of pin, between the lower surface and the upper surface of runner of cover plate, can limit pin beating in the axial direction, prevents pin from longitudinally outwards shaking and being shed to device external from runner.
Preferably, rectilinear motion runner 21 also comprises second detection device 214, and second detection device 214 is fixed on cover plate 213, and whether can detect its lower position in runner 212 has pin.
Second detection device is arranged on the cover board, whether the position can detected in runner below it has pin, if the second detection device position shown below it continues there is pin, then show that the position pin in its front is booked, storage needle device now temporarily can be stopped to send pin, reduce the waste of electric energy, when pin can not be detected below second detection device, storage needle device starts, and continues as device of handling the needle and send pin, can improve energy utilization rate.
Wherein, second detection device 214 is transducer.
Device one embodiment that what the application provided handle the needle, as shown in Figure 5, the installation relation between each parts is as follows:
Linear vibrator 211 is fixed on and directly shakes on seat 2111; Linear vibrator 211 has runner 212, arrange the second groove 2121 in runner 212, pin can move along the second groove 2121; Cover plate 213 is fixed on runner 2121 top, and is positioned at the side of the second groove 2121, and equipment operation hour hands cap 91 is between the lower surface of cover plate 213 and the upper surface of runner 212; Second detection device 214 is equipped with on each cover plate 213 top.
Wherein, cover plate 213 stretches out the end of runner 212 and extends to the top of block 32 of pushing pin near the one end of block 32 of pushing pin.
Transducer in the application can select infrared sensor.
Present invention also provides an embodiment of storage needle device, as shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6, the installation relation between each parts is as follows:
Storage needle device 1 is vibrating disk 11, arranges vibrator 112, vibrating disk 11 is provided with three helical guideways 111 in the bottom of vibrating disk 11, and automatic needle inserting supply arrangement completes one-period action and inserts three pins.
Vibrating disk is provided with three helical guideways, automatic needle inserting supply arrangement can carry out contact pin operation to the pin in three helical guideways simultaneously, and device efficiency improves further.
Corresponding to this enforcement, push pin block 21 end face on correspondence be provided with three the first grooves 322, on Ejector Retainer Plate 351, correspondence is provided with three thimble rods 35, equally, fixture 44 and the combined structure of elastic locating mechanism 45 also correspondence are provided with three, on pin board 51, often row arranges three pin holes 511, and above detection position 81, correspondence is provided with three the first checkout gears 53.
Wherein, a circulation is the contact pin process completing once whole pin board continuously, the cycle (namely one-period can be understood as: in a circulation contact pin process, and oneself first time contact pin terminates the time terminated to second time contact pin) being spaced apart automatic needle inserting supply arrangement contact pin of adjacent twice contact pin.
Present invention also provides an embodiment of control system, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 7 shows, the installation relation between each parts is as follows:
Control system 6 is control cubicle, control cubicle is arranged in frame 7, control cubicle is provided with starting switch 61, vibrating disk controller 62 and linear vibrator controller 63, two electricity combination 64, for separating of profit and adjustment air inlet air pressure, Damping cushion 65 and castor 66, be respectively used to support and control cabinet and moving control cabinet, control unit 67, workbench base plate 68; Switch 61, vibrating disk controller 62, linear vibrator controller 63, two electricity combination 64 have all been connected the control to equipment with control unit 67, and control unit 67 is positioned at control cubicle; Store up needle device 1, device 2 of handling the needle, push pin device 3, get needle device 4 and collect needle device 5 and be all fixed on workbench base plate 68.The present invention has the advantage can carrying out Automatic Conveying, location and detection to pin, can save labour intensity, improve enterprise efficiency and the performance of enterprises.
Support 7 in the present embodiment is the support frame of control cubicle.
In the application the pin inserted as shown in Figure 8, comprise pin cap 91 and shank 92.
The process of the automatic needle inserting supply arrangement contact pin supply that the application provides is as follows, as shown in Figures 1 to 7:
The first step, throws in pin to be inserted continuously, and starts automatic needle inserting supply arrangement in the storage device 1 of automatic needle inserting supply arrangement, and pin can be transported to by storage needle device 1 successively handles the needle on device 2;
Second step, the pin be positioned at foremost on device 2 of handling the needle enters the first groove 322 being positioned at narrowing position 82, under the driving of the second translation mechanism 33, block 32 of pushing pin gets pin position 83 along being just shifted to the end face of runner 212 and being moved to by the pin in the first groove 322 on it, and the pin of pushing pin on block 32 is separated with the pin of handling the needle on device 2;
3rd step, the first elevating mechanism 43 drives to be positioned at gets elastic locating mechanism 45 above pin position 83 and fixture 44 moves down, and makes the lower surface of elastic locating mechanism 45 coordinate with the pin cap 91 being positioned at the pin getting pin position 83 and compress;
4th step, under the driving of the second elevating mechanism 34, be positioned at upper surface lower surface that the thimble rod 35 got below pin position 83 promotes the pin elasticity of compression detent mechanism 45 of the first groove 322 moving to and projection 92 is exposed push pin block 32 higher than fixture 44 position;
5th step, fixture 44 clamps shank 92, first elevating mechanism 43 exposed and drives and fixture 44 moves the pin making it clamp deviate from the first groove 322;
6th step, first translation mechanism 42 drives the first elevating mechanism 43 to move to above contact pin position 84 by the pin of clamping, after first elevating mechanism 43 moves down the pin holes 511 being positioned at contact pin position 84 inserting a needle into pin board 51, fixture 44 unclamps folded pin;
7th step; Under the driving of the 3rd translation mechanism 52, pin board 51 moves a distance, original position is made to move to contact pin position 84 in the pin holes 511 of contact pin position 84 next row, the pin holes 511 of original position in contact pin position moves to detection position 84, push pin device 3 and get needle device 4 and in succession get back to initial position, carries out the contact pin action in next cycle.
When being positioned at pin holes 511 that the first checkout gear 53 above detection position 84 detects below it and not sticking with pin, the first checkout gear 53 is reported to the police, and equipment stops, now, pin in this socket pin hole 511 can fill by device operator, and starting device, makes equipment remain in operation; If when the first checkout gear 53 detects and sticks with pin in the pin holes 511 below it, equipment runs well.
In sum, the automatic needle inserting supply arrangement that the application provides, the automaticity of equipment can be improved, pin action will be got and corrective action combines, to reach the object reducing and get pin number of times, shorten device action cycle and the raising equipment rate of recovery, and the pin inserted loads in injection machine mould by cooperative mechanical hand, whole process is without the need to artificial participation, and device efficiency is high and safe and reliable; And be equipped with checkout gear device action is detected, decrease the librarian use quantity of equipment, improve the automaticity of equipment.
In the present invention, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " object only for describing, and instruction or hint relative importance can not be interpreted as; Unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, the term such as term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection ", " fixing " all should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood as the case may be.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not limited to the present invention, for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. an automatic needle inserting supply arrangement, it is characterized in that, comprise storage needle device (1), device of handling the needle (2), push pin device (3), get needle device (4), collect needle device (5) and control system (6);
Described storage needle device (1) is connected with one end of described device of handling the needle (2), to handle the needle described in described push pin device (3) is arranged on the other end of device (2), describedly get the top that needle device (4) is positioned at described push pin device (3), described in described collection needle device (5) is positioned at, get the below of needle device (4); Described control system (6) connect and control described storage needle device (1), described in handle the needle device (2), described push pin device (3), described in get needle device (4) and described collection needle device (5);
Described storage needle device (1) is for storing pin, and handle the needle in device (2) described in pin can being transported to, pin can move in described push pin device (3) along described device of handling the needle (2) and also hang in described push pin device (3), described push pin device (3) is by after the displacement of the pin of hanging, described needle device (4) of getting compresses and the pin of locating hanging, described push pin device (3) will compress and after the projection (92) of the pin of locating upwards ejects described push pin device (3), described needle device (4) of getting clamps the shank (92) be ejected, and by the cushion of clamping on described collection needle device (5),
Wherein, described automatic needle inserting supply arrangement will get pin action and corrective action combines, and the pin inserted loads in injection machine mould by cooperative mechanical hand.
2. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described needle device (4) of getting comprises the first fixed mount (41), first translation mechanism (42), first elevating mechanism (43), fixture (44) and elastic locating mechanism (45), described first fixed mount (41) is fixed in frame (7), be arranged on after described first translation mechanism (42) and described first elevating mechanism (43) are assembled into siamese part on described first fixed mount (41), described fixture (44) and described elastic locating mechanism (45) are all fixed on described siamese part and described elastic locating mechanism (45) is positioned at described fixture (44), described fixture (44) and described elastic locating mechanism (45) are positioned at described push pin device (3) top, described first translation mechanism (42) can drive described fixture (44) and described elastic locating mechanism (45) to move left and right, described first elevating mechanism (43) can drive described fixture (44) and described elastic locating mechanism (45) to move up and down.
3. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described first translation mechanism (42) is without bar cylinder, and described first elevating mechanism (43) is three bar cylinders; Described three bar cylinders are fixed on described without on bar cylinder, describedly be fixed on described first fixed mount (41) without bar cylinder, describedly described three bar cylinders can be driven to move horizontally without bar cylinder, described fixture (44) and described elastic locating mechanism (45) are fixed on described three bar cylinders;
Described elastic locating mechanism (45) comprises locating piece (451) and spring, the lower surface of described locating piece (451) is provided with the groove coordinated with pin cap, the upper end of described locating piece (451) is fixed on the expansion link of described three bar cylinders by spring, and the telescopic end of described expansion link is arranged down;
Described fixture (44) comprises two intermediate plates be arranged on described expansion link, and intermediate plate described in two is positioned at the both sides of described locating piece (451), and the lower surface of described locating piece (451) is lower than described intermediate plate.
4. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described push pin device (3) comprises the second fixed mount (31), block of pushing pin (32), the second translation mechanism (33), the second elevating mechanism (34) and thimble rod (35); Described second fixed mount (31) is fixed in frame (7), described second translation mechanism (33) and described second elevating mechanism (34) are fixed on described second fixed mount (31) from top to bottom successively, and described thimble rod (35) is arranged on described second elevating mechanism (34) and goes up and the below of block (32) of pushing pin described in being positioned at; Described block of pushing pin (32) is arranged on described second translation mechanism (33) and goes up and the below of getting needle device (4) described in being positioned at, and one end just maintains a certain distance with the end face of described device of handling the needle (2) other end the end face of described device of handling the needle (2) other end, pin can from described in handle the needle device (2) be transported to described in push pin in block (32) and push pin on block (32) described in being lifted on.
5. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 4, is characterized in that,
Described block of pushing pin (32) is just provided with the first groove (322) on the end face of described device of handling the needle (2), pin can to move in described first groove (322) along described device of handling the needle (2) and by pin cap (91) hanging on the upper surface of described block of pushing pin (32), and the lower end of pin is through described first groove (322) and the lower surface of block (32) of pushing pin described in stretching out;
Described thimble rod (35) is in cylindric, and its one end is fixed on described second elevating mechanism (34), and the other end is provided with tapered blind hole, and the needle point of pin can stretch in described tapered blind hole;
Described second elevating mechanism (34) is two bar cylinders, and described second translation mechanism (33) is single-rod cylinder.
6. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to any one of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that,
Described collection needle device (5) comprises pin board (51), the 3rd translation mechanism (52) and the first checkout gear (53), described pin board (51) is fixed on described 3rd translation mechanism (52), described 3rd translation mechanism (52) and described first checkout gear (53) are fixed in frame (7), and described first checkout gear (53) is positioned at the top of detection position (81);
Described pin board (51) is provided with many sockets pin hole (511), describedly get after needle device (4) completes a contact pin, pin inserts in the described pin holes of a row (511), described 3rd translation mechanism (52) drives described pin board (51) mobile, the pin holes (511) of described pin board (51) next row is made to move to the position at socket pin hole (511) place, the described pin holes of this row (511) completing contact pin moves to described detection position (81), described first checkout gear (53) can be detected the described pin holes (511) being positioned at described detection position (81) and whether stick with pin.
7. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 6, is characterized in that,
Described 3rd translation mechanism (52) comprises the 3rd fixed mount (521), motor (522) and screw-nut structure; Described 3rd fixed mount (521) is fixed in described frame (7), described motor (522) is fixed on described 3rd fixed mount (521), and described motor (522) drives described screw-nut structure to drive described pin board (51) mobile;
Described first checkout gear (53) is transducer, and described transducer is fixed on described 3rd fixed mount (521) by bracing frame (531).
8. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 6, is characterized in that,
Described device of handling the needle (2) is rectilinear motion runner (21), and described rectilinear motion runner (21) comprises linear vibrator (211), runner (212) and cover plate (213); Described cover plate (213) is fixed on described runner (212), the lower surface of described cover plate (213) is positioned at described runner (212) top, described runner (212) is fixed on described linear vibrator (211), the upper surface of described runner (212) is provided with the second groove (2121) along its length, described second groove (2121) one end is communicated with helical guideway (111), and the other end and described push pin device (3) keep certain distance; Pin can move to described second groove (2121) along described helical guideway (111), and can move to the interior also hanging of described push pin device (3) in described push pin device (3) along described second groove (2121).
9. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 8, is characterized in that,
Described rectilinear motion runner (21) also comprises second detection device (214), described second detection device (214) is fixed on described cover plate (213), and whether the position can detected in described runner (212) below it has pin.
10. automatic needle inserting supply arrangement according to claim 9, is characterized in that,
Described second detection device (214) is transducer, described storage needle device (1) is vibrating disk (11), described vibrating disk (11) is provided with three helical guideways (111), described automatic needle inserting supply arrangement completes one-period action and inserts three pins; Described storage needle device (1), described in handle the needle device (2), described push pin device (3), described in get needle device (4), described collection needle device (5) and described control system (6) and be installed in described frame (7).
CN201310317581.7A 2013-07-24 2013-07-24 Automatic needle inserting supply arrangement Active CN103369855B (en)

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