CN103368183B - power supply and demand control device - Google Patents

power supply and demand control device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103368183B
CN103368183B CN201210100193.9A CN201210100193A CN103368183B CN 103368183 B CN103368183 B CN 103368183B CN 201210100193 A CN201210100193 A CN 201210100193A CN 103368183 B CN103368183 B CN 103368183B
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power
power supply
outage
housing complex
time
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CN201210100193.9A
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CN103368183A (en
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小林美佐世
饭田享
小林晋
足立雅和
关瑞邱
数野浩基
椙山刚
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松下电器产业株式会社
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种电力供需控制装置,具备:电力测量部,其测量来自供电侧设备的电力路径的电力以及通向各住宅群的电力路径的电力;存储部,其保存各住宅群过去的电力数据;以及控制部,其基于由电力测量部测量出的电力、存储部所保存的电力数据以及供电侧设备的供电量,在判断为供电量少于各住宅群全体的耗电量的情况下,按照预先设定的顺序切断通向一个以上住宅群的电力路径。 The present invention relates to an electric power supply and demand control apparatus comprising: a power measuring section for measuring the electric power from the power and the power of each path leading to the housing complex path of power supply side of the apparatus; a storage unit that stores the past power house respective groups a case where power supply and a control unit, based on the power measured by the power measuring unit, a storage unit and the data stored in the power supply side of the device, the power supply is determined that less than all of the power consumption of the dwellings groups; data in the order set in advance or more a cutting path leading to the power house group.

Description

电力供需控制装置 Power supply and demand control apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种电力供需控制装置,该电力供需控制装置在判断为供电侧设备的供电量少于多个住宅群全体的耗电量的情况下,按顺序切断通向一个以上住宅群的电力路径。 [0001] The present invention relates to a case where the power supply and demand control apparatus, the power supply and demand control device of the plurality of power consumption less than the entire housing complex is determined in the power supply side of the power supply device, leading to more than one cutting sequence residential power path group.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 以往,在难以从发电站引出高压电线的地区或者难以从高压电线引出低压电线的地区,一般使用柴油发电机或太阳能发电机等来作为电力化手段。 [0002] Conventionally, in hard or difficult to lead wires from the low-pressure area from high-voltage wire drawn power plant high-voltage wire, typically diesel generators or solar power generators, etc. as a means of.

[0003] 但是,存在以下的问题:柴油发电机或太阳能发电机等发电设备以及蓄积由这些发电设备生产的电力的蓄电池等蓄电设备的发电容量或蓄电容量是有限的,能够对整个地区充分供电的可能性非常小。 [0003] However, there are the following problems: generation capacity or storage capacity of the diesel generators or solar power generators and other equipment, and for storing electric power from these power generating equipment of the storage device such as a battery is limited, for the whole region can be the possibility of full power is very small.

[0004] 还存在以下的问题:在柴油发电机或太阳能发电机等发电设备以及蓄积由这些发电设备生产的电力的蓄电设备等的供电量少于整个地区的耗电量的情况下,整个地区都会停电。 [0004] The following problems exist: in the case of power supply diesel generators or solar power generators and other equipment, and for storing electric power from these power generating equipment and the like of the storage device is less than the power consumption of the entire region, the entire area will be a power outage.

发明内容 SUMMARY

_5] 发明要解决的问题 [5] problem to be solved

[0006] 如上所述,现有的柴油发电机或太阳能发电机等小型发电设备以及蓄积由这些发电设备生产的电力的蓄电设备的发电容量或蓄电容量是有限的,难以对整个地区充分供电。 [0006] As described above, the power generation capacity or storage capacity of conventional diesel generators or solar power generators and other small equipment, and for storing electric power from these power generating equipment of the power storage device is limited, it is difficult to sufficiently for the whole region powered by. 存在以下的问题:在这种供电不足的情况下整个地区停电,使所有地区居民生活不便。 There is a problem: in this case insufficient power supply power throughout the region, so that all residents living inconvenience.

[0007] 本发明是鉴于上述问题而完成的,其目的在于提供一种防止在供电量少于耗电量的情况下整个地区的住宅群停电的电力供需控制装置。 [0007] The present invention has been accomplished in view of the above problems, and its object is to provide a power supply and demand control apparatus in the case where the power supply is less than the power consumption of the entire region of the housing complex blackout prevented.

_8] 用于解决问题的方案 _8] Solution to Problem

[0009] 本发明的一个实施方式的电力供需控制装置具备:电力测量部,其测量来自供电侧设备的电力路径的电力以及通向各住宅群的电力路径的电力;存储部,其保存各住宅群过去的电力数据;以及控制部,其基于由电力测量部测量出的电力、存储部所保存的电力数据以及供电侧设备的供电量,在判断为供电量少于各住宅群全体的耗电量的情况下,按照预先设定的顺序切断通向一个以上住宅群的电力路径。 [0009] The power supply and demand control apparatus of one embodiment of the present invention includes: a power measuring section for measuring the electric power from the power and the power of each path leading to the housing complex path of power supply side of the apparatus; a storage unit that stores the dwellings group past power data; power supply, and a control unit, based on the power measured by the power measuring unit, a storage unit and the data stored in the power supply side of the device, the power supply is determined that the power consumption is less than the entire population of the dwellings in the case where the amount in the order of a predetermined cutting path leading to a more residential power group.

[0010] 优选的是,上述电力供需控制装置还具备通信部,该通信部从供电侧设备接收供电量。 [0010] Preferably, the power supply and demand control apparatus further includes a communication unit, the communication unit receives the power supply from the power supply side of the apparatus.

[0011] 优选的是,上述控制部通过模拟来预测供电量。 [0011] Preferably, the power supply and the control unit is predicted by simulation.

[0012] 优选的是,上述存储部保存各住宅群各自的加权值,上述控制部根据加权值来调整各住宅群各自的电力路径的切断时间。 [0012] Preferably, the storage unit storing respective weighting values ​​of the respective housing complex, and the control unit adjusts the cutting time for each group house respective power paths based on the weighted values.

[0013] 另外,优选的是,上述控制部针对通向各住宅群的每个电力路径计算所需的停电时间,基于通向各住宅群的电力路径的数量和停电时间来生成停电安排表,根据停电安排表来切断通向各住宅群的电力路径。 [0013] Further, it is preferable that, for each of the power path to the dwellings group control unit calculates the required outage time, based on the path leading to each of the power house and the number of groups to generate a power outage time schedule, according to schedule blackouts to cut off power path leading to each house group.

[0014]另外,优选的是,上述存储部保存除按照停电安排表进行的停电以外追加发生的停电的频率,上述控制部根据停电的频率来调整停电时间。 [0014] Further, it is preferable that the storage unit stores a frequency other than the power outage performed according to schedule additional power occurs, the control unit adjusts the power of the frequency power outages.

[0015] 另外,优选的是,在各住宅群中同一住宅群在相同时间带停电的持续期间为预先设定的期间以上的情况下,上述控制部改变预先设定的顺序。 [0015] Further, it is preferable that, in the same housing complex with at least during the duration of the power outage a preset situation, the control unit changes a predetermined order at the same time in each house group.

[0016] 另外,优选的是,上述控制部以使各住宅群的一次连续停电时间不超过预先设定的最大连续停电时间的方式设定停电安排表。 [0016] Further, it is preferable that the control unit so that each group of primary residence time does not exceed the maximum continuous power outage continuous predetermined set time outage schedule.

[0017] 另外,优选的是,上述控制部以使上述停电安排表中存在对各上述住宅群全体进行供电的集中时间带的方式设定上述停电安排表。 [0017] Further, it is preferable that the above-described manner so that the control unit outage schedule concentration present in each of the residence time for the entire group is set to be powered with power outage schedule.

[0018] 另外,优选的是,上述控制部在切断通向住宅群的电力路径之前,预先向住宅群通知预定实施停电。 [0018] Further, it is preferable that the control unit before turning off the power path to the housing complex, a predetermined notice embodiment power to the residence group.

_9] 发明的效果 [9] Effect of the Invention

[0020] 本发明的一个实施方式的电力供需控制装置具有以下的效果:能够通过按照预先设定的顺序切断通向各住宅群的电力路径来防止由于供电侧的电力不足而使整个区域的住宅群停电。 [0020] The power supply and demand control apparatus of one embodiment of the present invention has the following effects: the ability to prevent the shortage of power supply side of the house by cutting off access to the entire region of the power paths of the housing complex in accordance with the preset sequence group blackouts.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0021] 图1是本发明的实施方式I的电力供需系统的框图。 [0021] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a power supply and demand system I according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0022] 图2的(a)和(b)是用于说明本发明的实施方式I的实施停电的图。 [0022] FIG. 2 (a) and (b) are views for explaining an embodiment of the present invention, the embodiment of the power I of FIG.

[0023] 图3是表示本发明的实施方式2的电力供需系统的图。 [0023] FIG. 3 shows a power supply and demand system according to an embodiment 2 of the present invention.

[0024] 图4是表示本发明的实施方式3的电力供需系统的图。 [0024] FIG. 4 shows an embodiment of the present invention in FIG. 3 of the system power supply and demand.

[0025] 图5是表示实施方式4中在住宅群的数量为4的情况下各住宅群各自的加权值的一例的表。 [0025] FIG. 5 shows a fourth embodiment of the housing complex number table showing an example of the weighted value of each respective housing complex 4 case.

[0026] 图6是表不实施方式5中所能够实施的停电安排表的表。 [0026] FIG. 6 is a table outage schedule table is not performed in the fifth embodiment as can be.

[0027] 图7是表示实施方式5中各住宅群各自的平均停电时间不同的情况下所能够实施的停电安排表的表。 [0027] FIG. 7 is a table of blackouts schedule. 5 different groups each house respective average outage time can be implemented in the case of the embodiment.

[0028] 图8是表示实施方式7中住宅群的数量为4、每个住宅群需要停电的时间为6小时的情况下的停电安排表的一例的表。 [0028] FIG. 8 shows a house number 7 in the group is 4 embodiment, each home group of time required outage schedule table showing an example of a case where a power failure for 6 hours.

[0029] 图9是表示在与图8相同的条件下、通过实施方式7改变了各住宅群的停电时间后的停电安排表的表。 [0029] FIG. 9 shows under the same conditions as in FIG. 8, by way of embodiment 7 changes the schedule table after the power outage residence time of each group.

[0030] 图10是表示实施方式8中住宅群的数量为3、每个住宅群需要停电的时间为8小时的情况下的停电安排表的表。 [0030] FIG. 10 is a view showing the number of the eighth embodiment for the residential group 3, each home group required outage time schedule table in the case of a power failure for 8 hours.

[0031] 图11是表示在与图10同样地每个住宅群需要停电的时间为8小时的情况下通过实施方式8将最大连续停电时间设定为2小时的情况下的停电安排表的表。 Schedule in the case of a power failure [0031] FIG. 8 shows the maximum 11 consecutive outage time set by the Embodiment 2 hours in the same manner as the case where the power required each home cluster 10 is a time chart of Table 8 hours .

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0032] 下面,参照形成本说明书的一部分的附图来进一步详细说明本发明的实施方式。 [0032] Next, with reference to the accompanying drawings which form a part of this specification will be described in further detail embodiments of the present invention. 在全部附图中对同一或类似部分附加同一附图标记并省略说明。 The same or like parts same reference numerals and the description thereof is omitted in the drawings.

[0033](实施方式I) [0033] (Embodiment I)

[0034] 图1是本发明的实施方式I的电力供需系统的框图。 [0034] FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a power supply and demand system I according to an embodiment of the present invention. 如图1所示,本发明的实施方式I的电力供需系统具备供电侧设备10和电力供需控制装置20。 1, the embodiment of the present invention includes a system I power supply and demand control device 10 and the power supply and the power supply side equipment 20. 此外,电力供需控制装置20具备电力测量部21、存储部22、控制部23以及远程开闭部24。 Further, the power supply and demand control device 20 includes a power measurement unit 21, a storage unit 22, the control unit 23 and the remote switching unit 24.

[0035] 供电侧设备10构成为包括柴油发电机或太阳能发电机等发电设备以及蓄积由这些发电设备所生产的电力的蓄电设备。 [0035] The supply-side device 10 includes a diesel generator or solar power generator equipment and the like is accumulated by such power plant the production of electric power storage device. 供电侧设备10用于对电力供需控制装置20供电。 Supply-side device 10 for the electric power supply and demand control device 20.

[0036] 电力测量部21测量来自供电侧设备10的电力路径的电力和通向多个(m)住宅群Hl〜Hm的电力路径的电力,将测量出的电力保存在后述的存储部22中。 Power and electric power path leading to a plurality of power [0036] The power measurement unit 21 measures a path from the power supply side of the apparatus 10 (m) of the housing complex Hl~Hm, the measured electric power stored in the storage unit 22 described later in. 在此,各个住宅群由一个住宅或多个(η)住宅构成。 Here, each group consists of a residential house or more ([eta]) house.

[0037] 存储部22保存停电顺序等设定值以及与供电侧设备10所能够提供的电力有关的数据,该停电顺序涉及到在要按顺序实施停电的情况下首先对哪个住宅群实施停电。 Order to save power set value etc. [0037] The storage unit 22, and data relating to the power supply side of the apparatus 10 can be provided by the first order power outage embodiment which relates to a housing complex of embodiment according to the order in case of power failure under.

[0038] 控制部23从存储部22读取与供电侧设备10所能够提供的电力有关的数据(供电量),从电力测量部21读取各住宅群Hl〜Hm的当前所耗电量(耗电量)。 [0038] 23 from the control unit 22 reads data (power supply) for electricity supply-side apparatus 10 can provide a storage unit, reads each group Hl~Hm residential power measurement unit 21 from the current consumption ( power consumption). 另外,控制部23将供电侧设备10的供电量与各住宅群Hl〜Hm的耗电量进行比较,判断供电量是否少于耗电量。 Further, the power supply control unit 23 side of the power supply device 10 is compared with the power consumption of each group Hl~Hm house, it determines whether the power supply is less than the power consumption.

[0039] 控制部23在判断为供电侧设备10的供电量少于各住宅群Hl〜Hm的耗电量的情况下,通过按顺序切断所选择的住宅群的电力路径来对所选择的住宅群实施停电。 In the case [0039] The control unit 23 is less than the power consumption of each group Hl~Hm residential power supply is the power supply side of the apparatus 10 is determined by the power path selected by the cutting order to house the group to the selected residential group implemented a power outage.

[0040] 在此,控制部23参照保存在存储部22中的用于实施停电的住宅群的顺序,按照该顺序来切断电力路径。 [0040] Here, the control unit 23 refers to the sequence stored in the housing complex embodiment for a power failure in the storage unit 22, in this order to cut off electrical power path. 另外,在判断为供电侧设备10的供电量与各住宅群Hl〜Hm的耗电量相比非常少的情况下,也能够同时切断一个以上住宅群的电力路径。 Further, in a case where determination of very low power supply side of the power supply device 10 as compared with the power consumption of each group Hl~Hm house, it is possible to simultaneously cut more power paths of the housing complex.

[0041] 远程开闭部24在控制部23的控制下接通或切断通向各住宅群Hl〜Hm的电力路径。 [0041] The remote switching unit 24 turns on or off the power of each path leading group Hl~Hm house under control of the control unit 23.

[0042] 图2的(a)和图2的(b)是用于说明在供电侧设备10的发电量为每小时2kW、各住宅群每小时的耗电量分别不同的情况下本发明的实施方式I的实施停电的图。 [0042] FIG. 2 (a) and 2 (b) are for explaining the present invention in the case where the power supply side of the power generation apparatus 10 is 2kW per hour for each hour of power consumption of the residential groups are different embodiment I of the embodiment of FIG power.

[0043] 参照图1、图2的(a)和图2的(b),由电力测量部21测量在固定时间内(例如I小时)所有住宅群所使用的总电量(4kW)。 And, the total power [0043] Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2 (a) of FIG. 2 (b) measured by the power measurement unit 21 is used within a fixed time (e.g., I h) all residential group (4kW). 在这样测量出的所有住宅群所使用的总电量(4kff)大于存储部22所保存的供电侧设备10所能够提供的电量(在图2的(a)和图2的(b)中为每小时2kW)的情况下,控制通向所选择的住宅群的电力路径的远程开闭部24来切断电力,由此使所选择的住宅群停电以使耗电量低于供电量。 In the charge Total amount (4kff) thus measured all residential group used is larger than stored in storage section 22 of the supply side of the apparatus 10 can be provided (in FIG. 2 (a) and (b of FIG. 2) for each remote opening of a case where the power path 2kW hours), the control passes to the selected residential population closing portion 24 to cut off the power, whereby the power house group selected so that the power consumption is lower than power supply.

[0044] 在开始停电后经过了预先设定的时间(例如I小时)之后,控制被切断的电力路径的远程开闭部24来使其通电,并控制其它住宅群的电力路径的远程开闭部24来使其停电。 [0044] After the start of power after a predetermined time (e.g., I h), controlling the power of the remote path is cut to make the opening and closing section 24 is energized, and the remote control opening and closing of the other power path Building Group portion 24 to make power.

[0045] 通过这样按顺序切断电力路径,能够使各住宅群的居民的不便最小化,并保持供需均衡。 [0045] By sequentially cutting off the power paths, each capable of housing complex residents inconvenience is minimized, and maintain equilibrium between supply and demand.

[0046] 另外,在需求侧的住宅群的耗电量不同的情况下,也能够利用上述方式来切断电力路径。 [0046] Further, at different power consumption requirements side housing complex case, the above-described embodiment can be utilized to cut off electrical power path.

[0047]例如,在对控制部23输入了有关住宅群的最大电力使用量的信息的情况下,由于一般来说各住宅群Hl〜Hm的耗电量小于最大耗电量,因此,能够将20%左右视为预备电力,由控制部23按顺序切断远程开闭部24使得住宅群的最大耗电量为供电侧设备10所能够提供的发电量的120%以下。 [0047] For example, in the case where the control unit 23 inputs the information on the maximum amount of power related to the use of the housing complex, since generally each cluster Hl~Hm residential electricity consumption is less than the maximum power consumption, thus, can be 20% considered as preliminary power, the control unit 23 sequentially closing off remote unit 24 such that the maximum power consumption of the housing complex 120% of the amount of electricity that can be provided by the power supply side of the apparatus 10 or less.

[0048] 参照图2的(a),住宅群I至住宅群6全体的最大耗电量(预测值)为4kW,远远大于供电侧设备10所能够提供的发电量2kW,因此,需要切断通向住宅群I至住宅群3的电力路径,以使需求侧的最大耗电量为供电侧设备10所能够提供的发电量的120%即2.4kff以下。 [0048] Referring to FIG. 2 (A), the group I to residential housing complex of the maximum consumption of all 6 (predicted value) of 4kW, far greater than the supply side of the power generation apparatus can offer 2kW 10, therefore, necessary to cut group I leading to residential housing complex power line 3, so that the maximum power consumption for the power demand side apparatus-side power generation amount of 120% can offer 2.4kff i.e., 10 or less. 住宅群I至住宅群3的耗电量的总和为2.1kff,因此,当切断通向住宅群I至住宅群3的电力路径时,需求侧耗电量变为2.4kff以下。 Residential House Group I to the sum of the power consumption of Group 3 was 2.1kff, therefore, when the leading cutting Apartments Building Group I to Group 3 of the power path, demand side becomes 2.4kff less power consumption.

[0049] 参照图2的(b),当利用本发明的实施方式I的电力供需控制装置20来切断通向住宅群I至住宅群3的电力路径时,需求侧的全体耗电量变为1.9kW,为2.4kff以下。 When [0049] Referring to FIG. 2 (B), when using the embodiment of the present invention I power supply and demand control device 20 to cut the leading residential house group I to the group power line 3, the whole power consumption demand side becomes 1.9 kW, is 2.4kff less.

[0050] 接着,在经过了预先设定的停电时间(例如I小时)之后,切断住宅群4、5的电力路径并开始对住宅群I至3进行通电,以在下一个I小时内也同样地使需求侧耗电量为供电侧设备10所能够提供的发电量的120%以下。 [0050] Next, after a predetermined outage time (e.g., I h), cut off electric power path and begin to house group 4, 5 for housing the group I to 3 is energized, the next I hour to similarly so that power consumption is 120% of demand-side of the power supply side of the power generation apparatus 10 can be provided below. 在即使切断住宅群4、5的电力路径也无法使需求侧耗电量变为供电侧设备10所能够提供的发电量的120%以下的情况下,能够追加切断通向住宅群6的电力路径。 Even in residential cut off electrical power path group 4, 5 can not make the case of the demand side power consumption becomes 120% of the amount of electricity that can be provided by the power supply side of the apparatus 10 the following can be added residential electric power path leading to the cutting group 6.

[0051] 根据本实施方式,具有以下的效果:通过按照预先设定的顺序切断通向各住宅群Hl〜Hm的电力路径,在供电侧设备10产生电力不足的情况下,也能够防止所有住宅群同时被停电。 [0051] According to the present embodiment has the following effects: the power by cutting off access to the paths of the housing complex Hl~Hm predetermined order, in the case where the power supply side apparatus 10 generates electric power shortage, it is possible to prevent all residential At the same time the group is a power outage. 在此,也能够预先对各住宅群Hl〜Hm赋予ID编号,按照该ID编号的顺序来决定顺序。 Here, the ID number can be preassigned to each housing complex Hl~Hm, in the order of the ID numbers to determine the order.

[0052](实施方式2) [0052] (Embodiment 2)

[0053] 图3是表示本发明的实施方式2的电力供需系统的结构的附图。 [0053] FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a configuration of an embodiment of the present invention, power supply and demand system 2. 本实施方式与实施方式I相比,还包括直接从供电侧设备10接收供电量的通信部25。 The present embodiment as compared with embodiments of formula I, further comprising a direct communication section 10 receives the power supply from the power supply device 25 side.

[0054] 参照图3,本发明的实施方式2的电力供需系统具备供电侧设备10和电力供需控制装置20。 [0054] Referring to FIG 3, an embodiment of the present invention includes a power supply and demand system 10 2 and the power supply and demand control device 20 side devices. 电力供需控制装置20具备电力测量部21、存储部22、控制部23、远程开闭部24以及通信部25。 Power supply and demand control device 20 includes a power measurement unit 21, a storage unit 22, a control unit 23, the remote switching unit 24 and a communication section 25.

[0055] 本实施方式中的电力测量部21、存储部22、控制部23以及远程开闭部24与实施方式I的电力测量部21、存储部22、控制部23以及远程开闭部24具有相同的功能。 [0055] The power measurement unit according to the present embodiment 21, the storage unit 22, the control unit 23 and the remote switching unit 24 in Embodiment I of the power measurement unit 21, a storage unit 22, the control unit 23 and the remote switching unit 24 having a the same function.

[0056] 通信部25通过与供电侧设备10定期通信来获取供电侧设备10所能够提供的电量。 [0056] 25 power supply unit side communication apparatus 10 is capable of providing 10 periodically acquires the communication device by the power supply side. 因而,实施方式2的电力供需控制装置20能够通过通信部25正确掌握供电侧设备10所能够提供的电量,防止由于供电侧的电力不足而使所有住宅群Hl〜Hm停电。 Thus, the embodiment 20 the power shortage of power supply can be the side Hl~Hm group all residential power unit 25 via the communication side apparatus correctly grasp the power supply 10 can be provided to prevent supply and demand control apparatus 2.

[0057](实施方式3) [0057] (Embodiment 3)

[0058] 图4是表示本发明的实施方式3的电力供需系统的结构的图。 [0058] FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a configuration of the power supply and demand system of the third embodiment of the present invention. 在本实施方式中,通过模拟来预测供电侧的供电量,因此与实施方式2不同,不需要通信部25。 In the present embodiment, the power supply to the power supply side predicted by simulation, and therefore unlike Embodiment 2, the communication unit 25 does not need.

[0059] 参照图4,本发明的实施方式3的电力供需系统具备供电侧设备10和电力供需控制装置20。 [0059] Referring to Figure 4, embodiments of the present invention includes a power supply and demand system 10 3 and the power supply and demand control device 20 side devices. 电力供需控制装置20具备电力测量部21、存储部22、控制部23、远程开闭部24以及天气估计装置26。 Power supply and demand control device 20 includes a power measurement unit 21, a storage unit 22, a control unit 23, the remote device 26, the opening and closing portion 24 and the weather estimation.

[0060] 本实施方式中的电力测量部21、存储部22、控制部23以及远程开闭部24与实施方式I的电力测量部21、存储部22、控制部23以及远程开闭部24具有相同的功能。 [0060] The power measurement unit according to the present embodiment 21, the storage unit 22, the control unit 23 and the remote switching unit 24 in Embodiment I of the power measurement unit 21, a storage unit 22, the control unit 23 and the remote switching unit 24 having a the same function. 天气估计装置26可以在电力供需控制装置20的外部单独构成。 Weather estimation device 26 may constitute a separate external power supply and demand control device 20.

[0061] 根据本实施方式,由电力测量部21测量的供电量与天气信息一起保存在存储部22中。 [0061] According to this embodiment, stored in the storage unit 22 together with the electric power measuring section 21 measures the power supply and the weather information.

[0062] 当通过天气估计装置26得到了预测天气信息时,控制部23在存储部22中搜索过去的天气中与预测天气相同的天气,根据该预测天气条件下的电量来预测此后的供电量。 [0062] When estimating apparatus 26 obtained by the weather forecast weather information storage unit 22 searches the last weather forecast weather same weather to predict the weather conditions according to a power after the predicted amount of power supply in the control unit 23 .

[0063] 具体地说,当从天气估计装置26对本发明的电力供需控制装置20输入明天的天气信息时,在保存在存储部22中的过去的天气中搜索与预测天气信息相同的天气,从存储部22读取该预测天气条件下的供电量,根据该电量来限制对各住宅群Hl〜Hm的供电量。 [0063] In particular, when the estimating means 26 from the weather information tomorrow's weather input power supply and demand control device 20 of the present invention, weather in the past stored in the storage unit 22 in the same search with the weather forecast weather information, from the storage power supply unit 22 reads in the predicted weather conditions to limit the amount of power supply for each house Hl~Hm groups based on the power.

[0064] 另外,用天气估计装置26预测天气的方法也可以是以下方式,检测基于气压等天气信息而发生变化的物理量。 Method [0064] Further, a weather forecast weather estimation means 26 may also be in the following manner, detecting a physical quantity based on the air pressure varies weather information and the like.

[0065](实施方式4) [0065] (Embodiment 4)

[0066] 本实施方式的电力供需控制装置20能够使通向各住宅群Hl〜Hm的电力路径各自的停电时间不同。 Power supply and demand control apparatus [0066] 20 of the present embodiment enables the power of each path leading to a different group each Hl~Hm residence time of outage. 即,对每个电力路径赋予加权值并将其保存在存储部22中,根据所保存的加权值来调整停电时间。 That is, given a weighting value for each power path and saves it in the storage unit 22, adjusts the time based on the weighted value of power saved. 在此,能够根据各住宅群Hl〜Hm各自的耗电量以及缴费状况来决定加权值。 Here, the respective power consumption and can be Hl~Hm payment status is determined according to the weighted value of each housing complex.

[0067] 根据实施方式4,能够根据加权值来改变各住宅群Hl〜Hm各自的停电时间,因此具有能够按照各住宅群Hl〜Hm各自的居民状况来进行供电的效果。 [0067] According to Embodiment 4, can be changed according to the respective housing complex weighting values ​​Hl~Hm each outage time, and therefore has an effect capable of supplying power to each house in accordance with the respective groups Hl~Hm resident status.

[0068] 图5是表示实施方式4中住宅群的数量为4的情况下使各住宅群各自具有加权值的一例的表。 [0068] FIG. 5 shows the number 4 in the embodiment is a housing complex in each case 4 housing complex with each table showing an example of weighting values. 参照图5,能够如下那样设定加权值:住宅群I为加权值1,住宅群2为加权值1,住宅群3为加权值2,住宅群4为加权值2。 Referring to FIG. 5, the weighting value can be set as follows: Group I house a weighting value of 1, 2 is a housing complex weighting value 1, 3 is a housing complex weighting values ​​2, 4 is a housing complex weighting value 2. 例如,供电侧设备10所能够提供的电量为3kff,电力测量部21的测量中各住宅群分别使用lkW,用于解决这种供电量不足的停电时间被设定为I小时,在这种情况下,能够在最初的I小时对住宅群I实施停电,在接下来的I小时对住宅群2实施停电。 For example, the power supply side equipment 10 can provide power to 3kff, measuring the power measurement unit 21 of each group were used lkW house, for solving this lack of power supply outage time it is set to I hour, in this case, , the group can be for residential power in the first embodiment I I h, I h in the next group 2 embodiment residential power. 另外,由于住宅群3的加权值为2,因此对住宅群3实施2小时停电,由于住宅群4的加权值也为2,因此接在住宅群3之后对住宅群4实施2小时停电。 Further, since the housing complex weight value of 23, so the group residential power 3 for 2 hours, since the weighting value is also house group 4 of 2, so two hours after power contact 3 Group 4 embodiment residential housing complex.

[0069](实施方式5) [0069] (Embodiment 5)

[0070] 本实施方式的电力供需控制装置20对固定期间内供电侧设备10的供电量与各住宅群Hl〜Hm的耗电量进行比较,在预测为接下来也会电力不足的情况下,生成停电安排表以避免由于这种电力不足而导致全体住宅群停电。 [0070] The power supply and demand control device 20 of the embodiment of the present power supply amount to the power supply side of the apparatus 10 within a fixed period compared with the consumption of each group Hl~Hm house, also in the prediction of the next electric power shortage situation, power generation schedule in order to avoid such a power shortage which led to group all residential power outage.

[0071] 在此,基于通向各住宅群Hl〜Hm的电力路径的数量和每个电力路径需要停电的时间来计算并生成停电安排表。 [0071] Here, each number is calculated based on the power of each path to the path of the housing complex Hl~Hm power outage time and the need to generate power schedule. 另外,能够利用基于供电量和耗电量计算出的不足电量以及电力路径的数量等来计算每个电力路径需要停电的时间。 Further, based on low battery power supply can be utilized the power consumption and the calculated electric power and the quantity of each path is calculated path requires power outage time.

[0072] 根据实施方式5,生成停电安排表来有计划地实施停电,使各住宅群的居民预先获知停电时间,因此具有便利这种效果。 [0072] According to the fifth embodiment, to generate a power schedule planned outage embodiment, each of the residents of the housing complex outage time known in advance, thus having the effect of such convenience.

[0073] 在实施方式5中基于电力路径的数量和每个电力路径需要停电的时间来生成停电安排表时,如果供电不足而每个电力路径需要停电的时间增加,则在固定时间带对一个以上住宅群持续实施停电。 [0073] and the number of each of the power path of the power path outage time required to generate a power schedule based on the fifth embodiment, if insufficient power of each power outage path requires increased time, at a fixed time on a tape more housing complex sustained implementation of a power outage.

[0074] 对此,能够利用如下的数式来进行计算。 [0074] In this regard, it can be calculated using the following equation. 首先,在各住宅群各自需要停电的时间相同的情况下,在将住宅群的数量设为m、将各住宅群各自需要停电的时间设为t、将一天的单位时间数设为s (在I个单位为I小时的情况下,单位时间数s为24 ;在I个单位为10分钟的情况下,单位时间数s为144)时,如果mXt < s,则能够从停电开始时刻起以各住宅群各自每天停电的时间各自为t且不与对其它住宅群实施的停电重复的方式实施循环停电。 First, in the residential power needs of each group at the same time, the number of the house in the group to m, each respective housing complex outage time required to t, the number per unit time of day set s (in I units in the case of I h, the unit number of time s 24; in the case of I units of 10 minutes, number of units of time s 144), if mXt <s, it is possible to from the blackout start time each residence time of day groups each respective power outage and not repeated manner for other embodiments of the housing complex embodiment power cycle as t.

[0075] 另一方面,如果mX t彡S,则基于(mX ts) /m = p (p是进到个位的整数值)的数式来计算P值,从作为起点的时刻起实施以下停电,各住宅群每次停电时间为t,且必须进行时间为P的与其它住宅群的重复停电。 [0075] On the other hand, if the San mX t S, based on (mX ts) / m = p (p is an integer bits into values) to calculate the value of the number of P-type, the following embodiments as a starting point from the time power is each residential group each outage time t, and must repeat the power P and the time of residence of other groups.

[0076] 图6表示住宅群的数量为7、各住宅群各自需要停电的时间为4、一天的单位时间数为24的情况下能够实施的停电安排表。 [0076] FIG. 6 shows a housing complex number is 7, each of the respective groups required residence time of 4 power failure, the unit time is one day outage schedule can be implemented in the case 24. 参照图6,由于4X7彡24,因此当计算p值时,p=1因而,如果如图6所示那样将作为起点的时间设为O点,则从O点起进行停电期间为4小时且每次与其它住宅群重复停电I小时的停电。 Referring to FIG 6, since the 4X7 San 24, when calculating the value of p, p = 1 Thus, as shown if the starting time is defined as a point O shown in FIG. 6, from the starting point O for 4 hours, and during power outage per hour power outage I was repeated with the other housing complex. 这样,能够生成适当的停电安排表。 Thus, it is possible to generate an appropriate schedule blackout.

[0077] 接着,在各住宅群各自需要停电的时间不同的情况下,能够代替上述的mXt而使用对各住宅群各自需要停电的时间t(m)进行合计的Σ t(m),来计算停电时是否实施重复停电以及实施重复停电时的时间。 [0077] Next, at different respective housing complex respective required outage time case, the use of the dwellings groups each require power failure time t (m) for the total Σ t (m) instead of the MXT, calculated whether the outage intervals this embodiment and the embodiment of the power failure when a power failure is repeated.

[0078] 图7表示住宅群的数量为5、各住宅群各自需要停电的时间分别为tl = 4、t2 =5、t3 = 6、t4 = 7、t5 = 8、一天的单位时间数为24、最大连续停电时间为2的情况下所能够实施的停电安排表。 [0078] FIG. 7 shows the number of residential groups 5, each of the houses groups each require power failure time were tl = 4, t2 = 5, t3 = 6, t4 = 7, t5 = 8, day unit time is 24 outage schedule case, the maximum time of continuous power outage can be implemented as 2. 由于Σ t (m) = 30 > s = 24,因此P值为p = Σ t (m)/s = 1.2,进到个位为P = 2。 Since Σ t (m) = 30> s = 24, and therefore the value of P p = Σ t (m) / s = 1.2, into bits of P = 2. 因而,如图7所示,如果将作为起点的时间设为O点,则能够生成如下的停电安排表:从O点起实施各住宅群各自的最大连续停电时间为2小时的循环停电,并按照P值与其它住宅群重复停电2小时,循环进行停电直到达到各住宅群各自需要停电的时间。 Thus, as shown, if the time is set as a starting point the point O, it is possible to generate power 7 following schedule: O points of the embodiment from group residential respective maximum continuous power cycle time of 2 hours, power, and P values ​​in accordance with other residential population redundant power for 2 hours until a power cycle time for each house respective groups of power required.

[0079](实施方式6) [0079] (Embodiment 6)

[0080] 本实施方式的电力供需控制装置20反映出除根据实施方式5中设定的停电安排表进行的停电以外追加发生的停电的频率来对各住宅群各自的停电时间进行调整。 [0080] The power supply and demand control device 20 of the present embodiment reflects embodiment except for the power outage schedule according to the fifth embodiment additionally set to the frequency of occurrence of power failure to adjust the residence time of each respective power group. 即,在实施方式5中对固定期间内供电侧设备10的供电量与各住宅群Hl〜Hm的耗电量进行比较,在预测为接下来也会电力不足的情况下,生成停电安排表以避免由于这种电力不足而导致全部住宅群停电,但是在虽然按照实施方式5的停电安排表进行了停电,但再次供电不足的情况下,需要进行实施方式I中的按顺序停电。 That is, the power supply side of the power supply device 10 is a fixed period of each group is compared with the power consumption in homes Hl~Hm Embodiment 5, in the case where the next predicted power shortage will be lower, in order to generate a power schedule this lack of electric power to avoid causing the entire housing complex power, but power Although the embodiment according to embodiment 5 of the outage schedule, but again the case of insufficient power supply, the power required by the order of the embodiments of formula I.

[0081] 在像这样除停电安排表以外发生的实施方式I的按顺序停电的停电频率高的情况下,进一步延长一个以上住宅群的停电时间。 [0081] In the case where a high frequency power in order to power outage embodiment except schedule I like this occurs, the extended outage time further than a residential group. 另外,在除停电安排表以外在固定期间内不停电的情况下,判断为供电侧设备所提供的电力多于需求侧的住宅群所消耗的电力,因此,优选将一个以上住宅群的停电时间调整得更短。 Further, in the case of a power failure in addition to the schedule fixed period without power, it is determined group than residential electricity consumption demand side power supply is provided by the device side, therefore, a more preferred residence time of the power group adjusted shorter.

[0082] 根据实施方式6,管理者无需根据季节性变动、需求侧的家电用品增加、或者供电量增加等电力供需变动来改变停电安排表,而能够便利地调整最优的需要停电的时间。 [0082] According to Embodiment 6, according to the manager without seasonal changes, increased demand side appliances, or the like to increase the power supply amount varying power supply and power outage schedule is changed, it is possible to conveniently adjust the optimum time required outage.

[0083] 具体地说,实施方式6的本发明无需根据天气预报数据或供电量/耗电量的细微变化来计算停电时间,能够通过判断当前的停电安排表下的运营是否适当来简单地调整需要停电的时间。 [0083] Specifically, Embodiment 6 of the present invention without interruption time is calculated according to the weather forecast data or subtle changes in power supply / power consumption, it can be determined by whether or not to operate properly in the current outage schedule easily adjusted need outage time.

[0084] 例如,如果连续数日(例如一周)内各住宅群Hl〜Hm各自除3小时的停电安排以外未发生由于电力不足而强制切断电力路径的停电,则判断为此后各住宅群各自停电3小时也足够,能够通过使需要停电的时间比以往的需要停电的时间更短来重新制作停电安排表。 [0084] For example, if each of the housing complex within several days (e.g., one week) for 3 hours each, except shortage of power outage schedule forcibly cut off the power outage does not occur path Hl~Hm, after this is determined in each respective group of residential power 3 hours enough, it is possible to re-create the power required by the schedule time than conventional power outage requires a shorter time.

[0085] 另外,如果连续数日(例如一周)内除停电安排表的停电以外还发生了一次至小于A次的规定次数的由于供电不足而强制切断电力路径的停电,则使各住宅群各自的当前循环停电时间例如每次延长I小时来生成停电安排表,在发生了A次以上的规定次数的强制切断电力路径的停电的情况下,处于电力更加不足的状态,因此能够使停电时间例如每次延长2小时来生成停电安排表。 [0085] Further, the if the number of consecutive days (e.g. one week) in addition to power outage schedule also occurred in the number of predetermined time to less than A times due to insufficient power supply is forcibly cut off power power path, then the respective residential groups each the current cycle time, for example each power generating extended I hour outage schedule, in case of power failure of more than a predetermined number of times a occurred forcibly cutting off the power path is more insufficient power state, it is possible to outage time e.g. every two hours to generate extended outage schedule.

[0086] 反之,在连续数日(例如一周)内除停电安排表的停电以外未发生强制停电的情况下,也能够使停电时间例如每次缩短I小时来生成停电安排表。 [0086] In contrast, in the case where several days addition to power outage schedule forced outage does not occur within (e.g. one week), it is possible to shorten the blackout time, for example each hour generates I blackout schedule.

[0087] 这样,在实施方式6中,不预测各住宅群各自的需要停电的时间而能够生成最优的需要停电时间的停电安排表。 [0087] Thus, in the sixth embodiment, the prediction is not required for each house respective groups of time capable of generating power outage schedule requires optimal power failure period.

[0088](实施方式7) [0088] (Embodiment 7)

[0089] 在本实施方式中,在固定期间内持续发生相同的住宅群在每天相同的时间带停电的情况下,改变各住宅群Hl〜Hm的停电时间。 [0089] In the present embodiment, the fixed period continuously occurs a case where the same housing complex in the same time every day with a power change of the dwellings groups Hl~Hm outage time. 通过进行这种改变,能够防止存在总是在相同时间带例如晚上6点〜8点左右停电的住宅群而该住宅群的居民不满。 By this change, there is always a band can be prevented, for example, about 18:00 o'clock ~ 8 blackout group and residential homes dissatisfaction of the housing complex at the same time.

[0090] 图8是表示住宅群的数量为4、每个住宅群的需要停电时间为6小时的情况下的停电安排表的一例的表。 [0090] FIG. 8 shows a housing complex number is 4, the outage time required for each home group schedule table showing an example of a case where a power failure for 6 hours. 图9是表示在与图8相同的条件下通过实施方式7改变各住宅群Hl〜Hm的停电时间后的停电安排表的表。 FIG 9 is a table showing power outage schedule after the residence time of each cluster Hl~Hm under the same conditions as in FIG. 8 by way of embodiments 7.

[0091] 首先,参照图8,在住宅群的数量为4、每个住宅群的需要停电时间为6小时的情况下,组I〜组4的住宅群根据图8的停电安排表按顺序实施每次3小时的循环停电。 [0091] First, referring to FIG. 8, number 4 of the housing complex, require each home cluster outage time is 6 hours in the case, the group of group 4 I~ group residential power outage schedule sequentially embodiment of FIG. 8 three hours each power cycle. 在这种停电安排表的情况下,例如,属于组3的住宅群的居民总是在晚上7点到晚上10点的傍晚时间带停电,因此在最需要电力的时间带无法使用电力。 Residents in this case a power outage schedule, for example, belongs to the group 3 of the residential group is always with blackouts in the evening time 19:00 to 10:00 at night, and therefore most in need of time can not be used with the power of electricity.

[0092] 因而,在固定期间内这种情况重复发生的情况下,需要强制调整停电安排表上的停电发生顺序。 [0092] Accordingly, in the case of such a fixed period occurs repeatedly, it is necessary to adjust the force on the order of occurrence of power outage schedule.

[0093] 例如,在图8的停电安排表维持了I个月的情况下,当I个月过去时,能够将图8的停电安排表改变为图9的停电安排表。 In the case [0093] For example, a power outage schedule in FIG. 8 months I maintained, when I past month, blackout schedule can be changed to FIG. 8 blackout schedule of FIG. 如果按照图9的停电安排表,则属于组3的住宅群的居民的停电时间例如被改变为上午4点〜上午7点、下午4点〜下午7点,因此,能够防止如之前那样总是在晚上7点到晚上10点的相同时间带停电。 If the power outage schedule according to FIG. 9, the outage time belonging to residents of the house, for example, group 3 group is changed to 4 a.m. to 7 a.m., 4:00 p.m. - 7:00 p.m., therefore, always be prevented as before at the same time 19:00 to 22:00 with a blackout.

[0094](实施方式8) [0094] (Embodiment 8)

[0095] 在本实施方式中,能够通过设定停电时的最大连续停电时间来分散停电时间带。 [0095] In the present embodiment, the power can be dispersed with time of the maximum continuous power outage time is set. 即,当如实施方式5那样使用停电安排表时,一个住宅群总是在使用电力的生活时间带停电,但是如果如实施方式8这样设定最大连续停电时间,则即使在生活时间带停电,也由于只要经过最大连续停电时间就结束停电而重新开始供电,而能够防止总是在生活时间带无法使用电力的不便。 That is, when used as described above power schedule embodiment 5, a housing complex life time is always used with a power outage, as Embodiment 8 but if this set maximum continuous power outage, power failure even with a life time, but also because after a long time of maximum continuous power outage is over and resume power supply, with not always possible to prevent inconvenience of power in life time.

[0096] 图10是表示住宅群的数量为3、每个住宅群的需要停电时间为8小时的情况下的停电安排表的表。 [0096] FIG. 10 is a housing complex number is 3, the outage time required for each home group schedule table in the case of a power failure for 8 hours. 另外,图11是表示在与图10相同地每个住宅群的需要停电时间为8小时的情况下通过实施方式8将最大连续停电时间设定为2小时后的停电安排表的表。 Further, FIG. 8 shows the maximum 11 consecutive outage time set by the table embodiment blackout schedule for 2 hours after the same manner as in the case of power required residence time for each group of 10 is 8 hours.

[0097] 参照图10和图11,来进一步详细说明实施方式8,在供电量少的情况下,必须延长各住宅群各自的停电时间。 [0097] Referring to FIGS. 10 and 11, described in more detail further embodiment 8, in the case of a small amount of power, it must be extended in each house a respective group of outage time.

[0098] 如图10,在生成了停电安排表的情况下,住宅群2在主要生活时间带的上午9点到下午5点连续8小时停电,因此会迫使住宅群2的居民遭受很大不便。 [0098] FIG. 10, in the case of generating a power outage schedule of 9:00 to 17:00 in the main living Building Group 2 with a time of 8 hours of continuous power failure, thus forcing the residents of the housing complex suffered great inconvenience 2 .

[0099] 另一方面,在图11中,每个住宅群的需要停电时间为8小时,但是最大连续停电时间被设定为2小时,因此如在图11中能够确认的那样,使各住宅群Hl〜Hm按顺序每次停电2小时。 [0099] On the other hand, in FIG. 11, the required residence time for each power group of 8 hours, but the maximum continuous power failure time is set to 2 hours, so as can be confirmed in FIG. 11, each house order per group Hl~Hm power for 2 hours. 这样,在实施方式8中,每天的需要停电时间虽然维持为8小时,但是能够分散停电时间。 Thus, in Embodiment 8, although the daily need to maintain the outage time of 8 hours, but can be dispersed outage time. 图10中在生活时间带的8小时停电的组2的住宅群仅在上午9点〜11点、下午3点〜5点停电,在其它时间能够使用电力,可知能够大大消除居民的不便。 8 hours in 10 life time of power outage housing complex with Group 2 only 9:00 ~ 11 o'clock, 15 o'clock ~ 5 points blackout, power can be used at other times, it is found can greatly eliminate the inconvenience residents.

[0100](实施方式9) [0100] (Embodiment 9)

[0101] 在本实施方式中,设定使用电力的集中时间带,将其保存在存储部22中。 [0101] In the present embodiment, the time zone is set using centralized power, which is stored in the storage unit 22. 生成以下的停电安排表来实施计划停电:在集中时间带不存在停电的住宅群,所有住宅群都能够使用电力。 Generates the following blackout schedule to implement rolling blackouts: In the focus group time zone residential power does not exist, all residential groups are able to use electricity.

[0102] 根据本实施方式,具有以下的效果:不会出现在各住宅耗电多的早晨、下班后的傍晚等总是停电的住宅群。 [0102] According to the present embodiment, the following advantages: does not appear in the dwellings of the multiple power morning, evening after work always like blackouts housing complex. 例如,也能够将上午4:00〜6:00的早上2小时、18:00〜21:00的傍晚3小时总共5小时设定为集中时间。 For example, it is possible to AM 4: 00~6: 00 in the morning two hours, 18: 00~21: 00 in the evening three hours five hours in total set to focus time.

[0103]另外,也可以在一天24小时中将集中时间带设定为总共6小时等对集中时间带的设定进行限制。 [0103] Further, in the focus time may be 24 hours a day with a total of 6 hours the like is set to focus on the time zone is set to be limiting.

[0104] 在如实施方式9那样设定了集中时间带的情况下,期望在除集中时间带以外的时间带生成停电安排表,根据停电安排表来实施计划停电以使在集中时间带所有住宅群能够使用电力。 [0104] In the case of the embodiment 9 as a centralized set as the time zone, the time at a desired time zone other than the zone focus power generation schedule, according to embodiments outage schedule planned power outage so that the concentration with all residential time group can use electricity.

[0105](实施方式10) [0105] (Embodiment 10)

[0106] 在本实施方式中,在停电之前对作为停电预定地的各住宅群Hl〜Hm的住宅发出停电通知。 [0106] In the present embodiment, the emitted power to a predetermined power as a notification on each of the housing complex Hl~Hm house before the outage. 在要使一个或多个住宅群停电的情况下,通过声音、警笛、光等进行通知以在切断通向住宅群的电力路径之前的固定时间内使要停电的住宅群获知停电。 In the case of residential groups to make one or more blackout, by voice, siren, light or the like to make a notification to the residential power group in a fixed time before the power is cut off the path to the known blackout housing complex.

[0107] 通过本发明的实施方式10,具有能够使要停电的住宅群的居民在停电之前预先进行停电准备的效果。 [0107] By the embodiment 10 of the invention, capable of residents to power outage housing complex is prepared in advance before the outage effects.

[0108] 具体地说,在通过警笛进行通知的情况下,在根据实施方式5等的停电安排表来实施计划停电时,能够在对住宅群3实施计划停电之前5分钟使短的警笛响三次,来通知住宅群3的居民预定停电。 [0108] Specifically, in the case of notification via siren, when a power outage schedule according to the embodiment 5 and the like to implement rolling blackouts, can be 5 minutes to three short siren sound prior to house group 3 embodiment blackouts , to inform residents of the housing complex 3 power outage is planned.

[0109]另外,在并非按照这种停电安排表的计划停电,而是在计划停电中发生供电不足而要以实施方式I的方式对住宅群3实施停电的情况下,能够在实施停电之前5分钟使长警笛响I次,之后使短警笛响3次。 [0109] Further, in the case where this power is not planned outage schedule, but occurs in insufficient supply of power blackouts To embodiments of formula I of embodiment 3 of the housing complex embodiment of a power failure, it is possible before the outage Example 5 minutes long siren sound I times, after which the short siren sound three times. 通过这样改变警笛的形式,具有以下的效果:能够通知停电,同时使居民获知本次停电是什么性质的停电(计划停电还是强制顺序停电)、另外是哪个住宅群要停电。 By changing the siren form, it has the following effects: the ability to notice a power outage, while the residents informed of this power is what is the nature of the outage (blackouts or power outages forced the order), which in addition to housing complex power outages.

[0110] 另一方面,以上说明了用警笛来通知停电情况的实施方式,但是也能够如上所述那样利用声音或光来通知,除此以外还能够采用以下方法等:利用无线通信网来向居民的无线通信终端发送消息,或者利用因特网通信网通过电子邮件等来通知实施停电。 [0110] On the other hand, with the above described power failure to notify siren embodiment, as described above, it is also possible to notify by voice or light, except that the following method is also possible: a wireless communication network to use the residents of the wireless communication terminal sends a message, the communication network through the Internet or by e-mail to notify embodiment blackout.

[0111] 上述所有的实施方式、实施方式中的说明例以及变形例能够相互进行组合。 [0111] All the above embodiments, the embodiments described embodiment and the modified examples can be combined with each other. 以上说明了本发明优选的实施方式,但是本发明并不限定于这些特定实施方式,能够在不脱离权利要求的范围及其等价物的范围内进行各种变更和变形,这种变更和变形也属于本发明的范畴。 The above described embodiment of the present preferred embodiments of the invention, but the present invention is not limited, and various changes and modifications within the scope not departing from the scope of the claims and their equivalents in those specific embodiments, such changes and modifications also belong scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1.一种电力供需控制装置,具备: 电力测量部,其测量来自供电侧设备的电力路径的电力以及通向各住宅群的电力路径的电力; 存储部,其保存各上述住宅群过去的电力数据;以及控制部,其基于由上述电力测量部测量出的电力、上述存储部所保存的上述电力数据以及上述供电侧设备的供电量,在判断为上述供电量少于各上述住宅群全体的耗电量的情况下,按照预先设定的顺序切断通向一个以上上述住宅群的上述电力路径, 上述控制部针对通向各上述住宅群的每个电力路径计算所需的停电时间,基于通向各上述住宅群的电力路径的数量和上述停电时间来生成停电安排表,根据上述停电安排表来切断通向各上述住宅群的电力路径, 上述存储部保存除按照上述停电安排表进行的停电以外追加发生的停电的频率, 上述控制部根据上述停电的频率来调整 1. A power supply and demand control apparatus comprising: a power measuring section for measuring the electric power from the power and the power of each path leading to the housing complex path of power supply side of the apparatus; a storage unit that stores each of the power over the housing complex data; and a control unit, which based on the power data measured by the power measurement unit power stored in the storage unit and said power supply side of the power supply device, in each of the housing complex is determined less than all of the above-described power supply a case where the power consumption, the predetermined order of access to more than one cut of the power path of the housing complex, said power control unit calculates the time required for each of the paths to each of the power house of the group, based on the path of each power quantity and said housing complex outage time schedule generating power, based on the schedule for cutting off the power outage path leading to each of the housing complex, the storage unit for saving power according to the above schedule power addition other than the additional power of the frequency of occurrence, and the control unit adjusts the frequency of power outage 述停电时间。 Said outage time.
2.根据权利要求1所述的电力供需控制装置,其特征在于, 还具备通信部,该通信部从上述供电侧设备接收上述供电量。 2. The power supply and demand control apparatus according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising a communication unit, the communication unit receives the power supply from the power supply side of the apparatus.
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的电力供需控制装置,其特征在于, 上述控制部通过模拟来预测上述供电量。 Or 3. the power supply and demand control apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the power supply control unit to predict the above-described through simulation.
4.根据权利要求1或2所述的电力供需控制装置,其特征在于, 上述存储部保存各上述住宅群各自的加权值, 上述控制部根据上述加权值来调整各上述住宅群各自的电力路径的切断时间。 The power supply and demand control apparatus of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the storage unit stores each of the respective housing complex weighted value, and the control unit adjusts each of the groups house respective power paths based on the weighted value the cut off time.
5.根据权利要求1所述的电力供需控制装置,其特征在于, 上述控制部以使各上述住宅群的一次连续停电时间不超过预先设定的最大连续停电时间的方式设定上述停电安排表。 The power supply and demand control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the control unit so that a continuous manner each of the housing complex outage time does not exceed a predetermined maximum continuous power outage time of setting the schedule .
6.根据权利要求1所述的电力供需控制装置,其特征在于, 上述控制部以使上述停电安排表中存在对各上述住宅群全体进行供电的集中时间带的方式设定上述停电安排表。 6. The power supply and demand control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the control unit so that the above-described manner in the presence of concentrated blackout schedule for each of the residence time of supplying power to the entire group is set with a power outage schedule.
7.根据权利要求1或2所述的电力供需控制装置,其特征在于, 上述控制部在切断通向上述住宅群的上述电力路径之前,预先向上述住宅群通知预定实施停电。 The power supply and demand control apparatus of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the control unit before turning off the power path to the above-described group house, notice embodiment the predetermined power to said housing complex.
8.一种电力供需控制装置,具备: 电力测量部,其测量来自供电侧设备的电力路径的电力以及通向各住宅群的电力路径的电力; 存储部,其保存各上述住宅群过去的电力数据;以及控制部,其基于由上述电力测量部测量出的电力、上述存储部所保存的上述电力数据以及上述供电侧设备的供电量,在判断为上述供电量少于各上述住宅群全体的耗电量的情况下,按照预先设定的顺序切断通向一个以上上述住宅群的上述电力路径, 上述控制部针对通向各上述住宅群的每个电力路径计算所需的停电时间,基于通向各上述住宅群的电力路径的数量和上述停电时间来生成停电安排表,根据上述停电安排表来切断通向各上述住宅群的电力路径, 在各上述住宅群中同一住宅群在相同时间带停电的持续期间为预先设定的期间以上的情况下,上述控制部改变上述预先设 A power supply and demand control apparatus comprising: a power measuring section for measuring the electric power from the power and the power of each path leading to the housing complex path of power supply side of the apparatus; a storage unit that stores each of the power over the housing complex data; and a control unit, which based on the power data measured by the power measurement unit power stored in the storage unit and said power supply side of the power supply device, in each of the housing complex is determined less than all of the above-described power supply a case where the power consumption, the predetermined order of access to more than one cut of the power path of the housing complex, said power control unit calculates the time required for each of the paths to each of the power house of the group, based on the path of each power quantity and said housing complex outage schedule time to generate power, the power to shut off the path leading to each of the groups based on the residential power outage schedule, with the same housing complex at the same time in each of the residential group in the case of power outage duration less than the preset period, the control unit changing said preset 定的顺序。 Given order.
CN201210100193.9A 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 power supply and demand control device CN103368183B (en)

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