CN103359324A - Case pulling mechanism for case unpacking machine - Google Patents

Case pulling mechanism for case unpacking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103359324A
CN103359324A CN2012100894486A CN201210089448A CN103359324A CN 103359324 A CN103359324 A CN 103359324A CN 2012100894486 A CN2012100894486 A CN 2012100894486A CN 201210089448 A CN201210089448 A CN 201210089448A CN 103359324 A CN103359324 A CN 103359324A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
case
chest
frame
sucker
send
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN2012100894486A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103359324B (en
Inventor
李政德
刘霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
AUSTONG INTELLIGENT ROBOT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
AUSTONG INTELLIGENT ROBOT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by AUSTONG INTELLIGENT ROBOT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical AUSTONG INTELLIGENT ROBOT TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201210089448.6A priority Critical patent/CN103359324B/en
Publication of CN103359324A publication Critical patent/CN103359324A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103359324B publication Critical patent/CN103359324B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a case pulling mechanism for a case unpacking machine. The case pulling mechanism for the case unpacking machine comprises a sucker, a door-shaped support, an upper supporting block, a form block, a guide part, a driving mechanism and a frame, wherein the sucker is movably connected onto the frame; the door-shaped support is arranged on the frame; the upper supporting block is arranged on an upper transverse beam of the door-shaped support; the form block is arranged on a left-right beam of the door-shaped support; the guide part is arranged on the frame; the driving mechanism for driving the sucker to swing relative to the frame is arranged on the frame; the guide part and the door-shaped support are arranged into a shape of 'ba' (namely eight). A servo motor and a connection rod serve as the driving mechanism, the servo motor is fixed on the frame, one end of the connection rod is movably connected with the sucker, and the other end of the connection rod is movably connected with a swing arm of the servo motor. By means of the case pulling mechanism for the case unpacking machine, cases are better in form effect.

Description

A kind of draw box mechanism that draws for case unpacker
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of draw box mechanism that draws for case unpacker;
Background technology
Undergoing an unusual development rapidly of Packaging Industry, especially chest packing almost contain the packing use that lid comprises all form objects of some liquid state at present.The chest of finished product all is to be converted into flats to be beneficial to stack and transportation, just chest is launched when being used for packing, and renovating of bottom turned up, and sticks adhesive tape in the bottom surface again, just can the packaged article of splendid attire.This process then wastes time and energy as finishing with manpower, and production efficiency is also very low.Also be useful on the machine that chest is unpacked on the market now, these machines generally directly pull into cuboid with flat packing box, this forming process, and chest is easy to damage, and molding effect is bad.
Summary of the invention
Technical matters to be solved by this invention provide a kind of for the carton forming of case unpacker effective draw draw box mechanism.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is the draw box mechanism that draws for case unpacker, comprises sucker, the support of door type, upper support piece, forming blocks, guiding piece, driver train and frame; Sucker is movably connected on the frame; The door type supports and is installed on the frame; On the entablatrance that a type that is installed in the upper support piece supports; Forming blocks is installed on the left and right beam of type support; Guiding piece is installed on the frame; Driving sucker is installed on the frame with respect to the driver train that frame swings; Guiding piece supports with the door type and is mounted to splayed configuration.Driver train is servomotor and connecting rod; Servomotor is fixed on the frame; Connecting rod one end and sucker are flexibly connected, and the other end and servomotor swing arm are flexibly connected.
The present invention compared with prior art has following positive effect: the carton forming better effects if.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of load-transfer device assembly.
Fig. 2 is the scheme drawing of the ratchet and pawl arrangement of reflection load-transfer device assembly.
Fig. 3 is the scheme drawing of the pressing device of reflection load-transfer device assembly.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that draws draw box mechanism.
Fig. 5 is that the sucker of draw box mechanism and the structural representation that the door type supports are drawn in reflection.
Fig. 6 is the off working state structural representation that draws draw box mechanism.
Fig. 7 is the working state structure scheme drawing that draws draw box mechanism.
Fig. 8 be cover pressing mechanism do not press chest to renovate the time schematic perspective view.
Schematic perspective view when Fig. 9 is pushing down chest and renovating of cover pressing mechanism
Figure 10 is the scheme of installation of cover pressing mechanism.
Figure 11 is the structure cutaway view that send draw box mechanism.
Figure 12 is the structural representation that send draw box mechanism.
Figure 13 is the structural representation that the driving chain of draw box mechanism is sent in reflection.
Figure 14 is the B place enlarged view of Figure 11.
Figure 15 is the A place enlarged view of Figure 12.
Figure 16 is the schematic perspective view of case unpacker.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
By reference to the accompanying drawings 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 explanation, be used for the draw box mechanism that draws of case unpacker, comprise that sucker 25, door type support 26, upper support piece 21, forming blocks 22, guiding piece 28, driver train 23 and frame 1; Sucker 25 is movably connected on the frame 1; The door type supports 26 and is installed on the frame 1; Upper support piece 21 is installed on the entablatrance 27 of type support 26; Forming blocks 22 is installed on the left and right beam 29 of type support 26; Guiding piece 28 is installed on the frame 1; Driving sucker is installed on the frame 1 with respect to the driver train 23 that frame swings; Guiding piece 28 supports 26 with the door type and is mounted to splayed configuration.Driver train 23 is servomotor 231 and connecting rod 232; Servomotor 231 is fixed on the frame 1; Connecting rod 232 1 ends and sucker 25 are flexibly connected, and the other end and servomotor swing arm 2311 are flexibly connected.
When needs pull open the chest of moulding, when being sent to this position, the upper end of chest is pressed on the upper support piece 21, and the two ends side of chest is pressed on the forming blocks 22 that a type supports 26 left and right beam 29; When inductor is sensed chest, transmit a signal to Upper system, Upper system is given and is drawn 23 1 signals of case servomotor, case servomotor swing arm 2311 upward movements are drawn in driving, draw case servomotor swing arm 2311 drivening rods 232 upward movements, connecting rod 232 drives sucker 25 upward movements, and sucker 25 moves upward to the desired location and holds below chest; Sucker inside is equipped with air bag 251, and air bag 251 is in the upward movement process, and air bag 251 forms negative pressure, holds below chest when sucker 25 moves upward to the desired location; Upper system sent to and draws 23 1 signals of case servomotor when sucker 25 held chest, connecting rod servomotor swing arm 2311 drivening rods 232 move downward, connecting rod 232 drives sucker 25 and moves downward, sucker 25 holds chest and pulls down, below chest by sucker 25 hold pull down in, because the upper end of chest is pressed on the upper support piece 21, when being held when pulling down the upper end of chest by sucker 25, chest leaves upper support piece 21, and along guiding piece 28 downward landings; Because the two ends side of chest is pressed on the forming blocks 22 that a type supports 26 left and right beam 29, when being held when pulling down the two ends below the chest by sucker 25, chest leaves forming blocks 22, forming blocks 22 is fallen the centre of chest and is held the lower end of chest, makes chest be easy to moulding.When chest is held when getting back to original horizontal position by sucker 25, the air bag 251 of sucker 25 inside reverts to malleation, and sucker 25 unclamps chest, and chest pulls into quadrangle.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1-accompanying drawing 16, the working process that send punch-out equipment is described.
Cylinder 16 connects ratchet device 15, ratchet device 15 is connected connection with rotating shaft, when the piston of cylinder 16 inwardly shrinks, pulling ratchet device 15, drive shaft 14 is rotated, when the piston of cylinder 16 is protruding, and ratchet device 15 idle running, rotating shaft 14 stops operating, thereby realization rotating shaft 14 is rotated towards same direction.Two load-transfer devices 12 are driven by same rotating shaft 14, so rotating shaft 14 drives two load-transfer devices 12 towards same direction synchrodrive towards unidirectional rotation, also are the transmission direction of carton.Carton is placed on the load-transfer device 12, the baffle plate 11 at two ends blocks carton and prevents the carton double swerve, the inclination that has angle of load-transfer device 12 and horizon, onesize inclination angle is also arranged at the bottom of briquetting 110, the pressing plate 17 of pressing device is close to carton, pushing away carton moves forward, the Direct Travel slide block 19 of pressing device is sleeved on the polished rod 13 in baffle plate 11 outsides, pressing device can be slided along polished rod 13 front and back again can be around polished rod 13 left-right rotation, baffle plate is equipped with inductor 112 near the end, when pressing device moves to baffle plate 11 end, inductor 112 is sensed its front does not have carton to give the alarm, at this moment can be manually with pressing device around polished rod 13 sideway swivel one angle and be pulled to the initiating terminal of baffle plate 11 outside baffle plate a little, briquetting 110 quality of pressing plate 17 belows are larger, so that the center of gravity of whole pressing device deflection load-transfer device 12 1 sides increase the friction between pressing device and the load-transfer device 12, pressing device can be moved forward along with load-transfer device 12.Baffle plate 11 terminations are equipped with inductor 113, if other situation occurs and fails to arrive forward baffle plate 11 terminations in carton when carrying, after sensed device 113 was sensed, the control setup of case unpacker can make cylinder 16 quit work, and therefore the load-transfer device assembly of chest case unpacker also quits work.
When needs pull open the chest 2 of moulding, when being sent to this position, the upper end of chest 2 is pressed on the upper support piece 21, and the two ends side of chest 2 is pressed on the forming blocks 22 that a type supports 26 left and right beam 29; When inductor is sensed chest 2, transmit a signal to Upper system, Upper system is given and is drawn 23 1 signals of case servomotor, case servomotor swing arm 2311 upward movements are drawn in driving, draw case servomotor swing arm 2311 drivening rods 232 upward movements, connecting rod 232 drives sucker 25 upward movements, and sucker 25 moves upward to the desired location and holds below chest 2; Sucker inside is equipped with air bag 251, and air bag 251 is in the upward movement process, and air bag 251 forms negative pressure, holds below chest 2 when sucker 25 moves upward to the desired location; Upper system sent to and draws 23 1 signals of case servomotor when sucker 25 held chest 2, connecting rod servomotor swing arm 2311 drivening rods 232 move downward, connecting rod 232 drives sucker 25 and moves downward, sucker 25 holds chest and pulls down, below chest 2 by sucker 25 hold pull down in, because the upper end of chest 2 is pressed on the upper support piece 21, when being held when pulling down the upper end of chest 2 by sucker 25, chest 2 leaves upper support piece 21, and along guiding piece 28 downward landings; Because the two ends side of chest 2 is pressed on the forming blocks 22 that a type supports 26 left and right beam 29, when being held when pulling down the two ends below the chest 2 by sucker 25, chest 2 leaves forming blocks 22, forming blocks 22 is fallen the centre of chest 2 and is held the lower end of chest, makes chest 2 be easy to moulding.When chest 2 is held when getting back to original horizontal position by sucker 25, the air bag 251 of sucker 25 inside reverts to malleation, and sucker 25 unclamps chest 2, and chest 2 pulls into quadrangle.
When sucker 25 holds the chest 2 of quadrangularly, be positioned horizontally on the transfer assembly, the cylinder pulling is positioned at the fixed block 35 on the pressing plate 31, makes around the shaft 32 upsets downwards of pressing plate 31, pushes down the chest 2 that is on the transfer assembly and is close to renovating of transfer assembly.Since pressing plate 31 when turning to level and the thickness renovated than chest 2 of the distance of transfer assembly large, so the chest 2 on the transfer assembly can transmit forward along with the operation of machine, at chest 2 forward in the transmission course, pressing plate 31 passes from adjacent the renovating the slit of chest 2 transmission direction rear sides, turning to chest 2 downwards from pressing plate 31 renovates the time that breaks away from pressing plate 31 fully and sets in advance, renovate cylinder when breaking away from pressing plate 31 fully when chest 2 and promote to be positioned at fixed block 35 on the pressing plate 31, pressing plate 31 is 32 upwards upsets around the shaft, recover not press chest 2 to renovate the state of money, then repeat previous course of action.
When chest is sent to when sending on the draw box mechanism, on send box assembly 41 in sending the case process, to send case sprocket wheel 413 to rotate to drive to send the case chain 412 transmissions by sending case transmission shaft 415 to rotate to drive, upper block 414 with on send case chain 412 to fix, upper block 414 is followed and is sent case chain 412 to move together; Thereby block 414 promotion chests 2 travel forward in the realization.On send case chain 412 to be installed in to send on the case sprocket wheel 413; On send case sprocket wheel 413 to be fixed on to send on the case transmission shaft 415, on send case transmission shaft 415 to be installed on the frame 1; Under send box assembly 42 in sending the case process by under send case intermediate solid drive shaft 421 and lower send under sending case outside transmission shaft 422 to rotate to drive simultaneously case inner sprocket 423 and lower send send under the sprocket wheel 424 rotation drives outside the case in the case chain 425 with under send chain 428 transmissions outside the case, positive stop 426 is fixed on down and send on the case inner sprocket 423, and backstop 427 is fixed on down and send on the outer sprocket wheel 424 of case; Backstop 427 and upper block 414 consistencies from top to bottom; Backstop 427 promotes chest with upper block 414 and travels forward.Under send case inner sprocket 423 to be fixed on down to send on the case intermediate solid drive shaft 421, lower sending is installed on the frame 1 on the case intermediate solid drive shaft 421; Under send the outer sprocket wheel 424 of case to be fixed on the outer transmission shaft 422 of lower carrying case, the outer transmission shaft 422 of lower carrying case is installed on the frame 1; Under send in the case chain 425 to be installed in down to send on the case inner sprocket 423, send outside the case chain 428 to be installed in down to send case outward on the sprocket wheel 424 down; In sending the case process, on send box assembly 41 with under send box assembly 42 to connect by driving chain 45, send case chain 412 in the realization and send chain 425 in the case down, send that chain 428 is synchronized with the movement outside the case down.
Conveyer belt mechanism and send the size adjusting process of draw box mechanism as described below when the chest size changes:
The load-transfer device assembly is realized regulating range capability between two baffle plates: the device 111 of regulating distance between two baffle plates 11 is installed on the frame 1, between device 111 and the frame 1 position adjustments screw mandrel 1111 is installed, rotating adjusting screw mandrel 1111 can pull out baffle plate 11, distance between the baffle plate 11 of increase two, to regulate screw mandrel 1111 rotates in the opposite direction, baffle plate 11 can be advanced inwards, reduce two distances between the baffle plate 11.
Send draw box mechanism realize to regulate chest size function: to send the case chain to regulate power-transfer clutch 411 sending case transmission shaft 415 to be installed in series; Under send case intermediate solid drive shaft 421 and lower send be installed in series respectively on the transmission shaft 422 case outside lower send in the case chain adjusting power-transfer clutch 429 with under send chain adjusting power-transfer clutch 4211 outside the case; Be provided with driving chain tensioning mechanism 46 and position adjustments screw mandrel 47 in frame 43.Be provided with tension-regulator 461 and tensioning spring 462 on the driving chain tensioning mechanism 46.When the oad of chest changed, the adjusting of the forward and backward size of chest: the position of default backstop 427 immobilized, and only needed to adjust the position of positive stop 426; Lower driving wheel 4291 and the flower wheel 4292 of chain adjusting power-transfer clutch 429 in the case of sending that only needs this moment to positive stop 426 to be installed unclamps, the driving wheel 4291 that send down chain in the case to regulate power-transfer clutch send case inner sprocket 423 to link to each other with lower, the lower flower wheel 4292 that send chain adjusting power-transfer clutch in the case with send the slave end 4211 of case intermediate solid drive shaft to link to each other down; Rotate the lower flower wheel 4292 that send chain adjusting power-transfer clutch in the case, drive the lower transmission of sending chain 425 in the case, after distance between change positive stop 426 and the backstop 427 reached the needed size of chest, connecting lower driving wheel 4291 and the flower wheel 4292 of chain adjusting power-transfer clutch 429 in the case of sending can finish.The position of default positive stop 426 immobilizes, and the principle of work of the position of adjustment backstop is with above-mentioned the same.The adjusting of the upper and lower size of chest: the bottom surface position of chest 44 immobilizes, and according to the up and down variation of size of chest, rotation adjusting screw mandrel 471 reaches required size can be finished.When regulating the upper and lower size of chest, send moving up and down of box assembly 41 integral body on having driven, send box assembly 41 in the connection and send the driving chain 45 of box assembly 42 synchrodrive will present the degree of tightness state down, need to regulate the tension-regulator 461 on the transmission chain stretching device 46, so that driving chain 45 is adjusted to the desired position, tensioning spring 462 is so that its driving chain 45 has certain degree of tightness surplus, and whole transmission process more steadily, reliably.

Claims (2)

1. the draw box mechanism that draws that is used for case unpacker is characterized in that: comprise sucker, the support of door type, upper support piece, forming blocks, guiding piece, driver train and frame; Sucker is movably connected on the frame; The door type supports and is installed on the frame; On the entablatrance that a type that is installed in the upper support piece supports; Forming blocks is installed on the left and right beam of type support; Guiding piece is installed on the frame; Driving sucker is installed on the frame with respect to the driver train that frame swings; Guiding piece supports with the door type and is mounted to splayed configuration.
2. the draw box mechanism that draws for case unpacker according to claim 1 is characterized in that, driver train is servomotor and connecting rod; Servomotor is fixed on the frame; Connecting rod one end and sucker are flexibly connected, and the other end and servomotor swing arm are flexibly connected.
CN201210089448.6A 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 A kind ofly draw draw box mechanism for case unpacker Active CN103359324B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210089448.6A CN103359324B (en) 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 A kind ofly draw draw box mechanism for case unpacker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210089448.6A CN103359324B (en) 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 A kind ofly draw draw box mechanism for case unpacker

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CN103359324A true CN103359324A (en) 2013-10-23
CN103359324B CN103359324B (en) 2015-12-23

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996030261A1 (en) * 1995-03-30 1996-10-03 The Mead Corporation Packaging machine for multi-packs
JPH11277643A (en) * 1998-03-27 1999-10-12 O M Ltd Method for unloading/molding carton and device therefor
CN201176272Y (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-01-07 陈能文 Bottom closing machine for carton
EP2111974A2 (en) * 2008-04-24 2009-10-28 Heino Ilsemann GmbH Device for incremental simultaneous execution of multiple handling processes, in particular for withdrawing and opening foldable boxes
CN201961570U (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-09-07 微创机械企业有限公司 Double-reciprocating cross pulling case and pushing case mechanism of case unpacking machine
CN202657302U (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-01-09 苏州澳昆智能机器人技术有限公司 Box pulling mechanism for box unpacking machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1996030261A1 (en) * 1995-03-30 1996-10-03 The Mead Corporation Packaging machine for multi-packs
JPH11277643A (en) * 1998-03-27 1999-10-12 O M Ltd Method for unloading/molding carton and device therefor
CN201176272Y (en) * 2008-03-18 2009-01-07 陈能文 Bottom closing machine for carton
EP2111974A2 (en) * 2008-04-24 2009-10-28 Heino Ilsemann GmbH Device for incremental simultaneous execution of multiple handling processes, in particular for withdrawing and opening foldable boxes
CN201961570U (en) * 2011-01-30 2011-09-07 微创机械企业有限公司 Double-reciprocating cross pulling case and pushing case mechanism of case unpacking machine
CN202657302U (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-01-09 苏州澳昆智能机器人技术有限公司 Box pulling mechanism for box unpacking machine

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