CN103359323B - Conveying belt component for box unpacking machine - Google Patents

Conveying belt component for box unpacking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103359323B
CN103359323B CN201210089425.5A CN201210089425A CN103359323B CN 103359323 B CN103359323 B CN 103359323B CN 201210089425 A CN201210089425 A CN 201210089425A CN 103359323 B CN103359323 B CN 103359323B
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Prior art keywords
transfer
load
case
pressing
chest
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CN201210089425.5A
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CN103359323A (en
Inventor
李政德
刘霞
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Austong Intelligent Robot Technology Co Ltd
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Austong Intelligent Robot Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a conveying belt component for a box unpacking machine. The conveying belt component comprises a frame (1), a driving device (16), a conveying device and a gland device. The conveying device comprises baffle plates (11) and a conveying belt (12), polished rods (13) are mounted on the outer sides of the baffle plates (11), the conveying belt (12) is mounted between the lower sides of the two baffle plates (11) and driven by the same rotating shaft (14), and the rotating shaft (14) is connected with a driving device (16) through a ratchet and pawl mechanism (15). The gland device comprises a pressing plate (17), a connecting plate (18) and a linear motion slider (19), a pressing block (110) is mounted at the bottom of the pressing plate (17), the upper portion of the connecting plate (18) is connected to the pressing plate (17), the lower portion of the connecting plate (18) is connected with the linear motion slider (19), the linear motion slider (19) is movably connected with the polished rods (13), and the pressing block (110) is placed on the conveying belt (12). The conveying belt component has the advantage that the gravity of the conveying belt and paper boxes can be simultaneously used for unpacking different specifications of paper boxes.

Description

For the load-transfer device assembly of case unpacker
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of load-transfer device assembly for case unpacker.
Background technology
Undergoing an unusual development of current Packaging Industry is rapid, especially chest packaging, almost comprises the packaging use of all form objects of some liquid state containing lid.The chest of finished product is all be converted into flats to be beneficial to stack and transport, just being launched by chest, renovating of bottom being turned up, then sticking adhesive tape in bottom surface when for packing, just can the packaged article of splendid attire.Now commercially for the machine that chest is unpacked, mostly the carton of flats is placed on the feedway of inclination, leans on the gravity of carton self completely and be fed forward, then the carton of flats being split into the carton of using state.Use the conveying of the carton upper and lower that this feedway can be because of the friction force of carton and feedway often asynchronous and cause each carton to hold front position very in disorder, bringing a lot of trouble to the process of unpacking, cause unpacking inefficiency.
Summary of the invention
A kind of carton that can improve is the object of the present invention is to provide to unpack the load-transfer device assembly for case unpacker of efficiency.
For solving the problem, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of load-transfer device assembly for case unpacker, and be made up of frame, actuating device, feedway and pressing device, feedway is arranged in frame; Feedway comprises two baffle plates and load-transfer device that be arranged in parallel, and be provided with polished rod outside baffle plate, polished rod is parallel with load-transfer device, and load-transfer device is arranged on downside between two baffle plates, and two load-transfer devices are driven by same rotating shaft, realize two load-transfer device synchrodrive; Rotating shaft, by ratchet and pawl arrangement connecting drive device, makes rotating shaft do unidirectional rotation; Described pressing device comprises pressing plate, connecting panel and Direct Travel slide block, be provided with briquetting bottom pressing plate, connecting panel top is fixedly connected on pressing plate, and bottom is fixedly connected with Direct Travel slide block, the Direct Travel slide block of pressing device is flexibly connected with polished rod, and briquetting is placed on the conveyor belt.During load-transfer device transmission, the friction between load-transfer device and carton is utilized to drive carton to be fed forward, simultaneously because the friction belt dynamic pressure lid arrangement between briquetting and belt conveyor press against carton along polished rod forward slip, that carton keeps close contact, maintain state when just putting on the belt, be conducive to next step unpacking operation.
As a further improvement on the present invention, frame is provided with the device of the spacing of adjustment two baffle plates.Distance between two baffle plates is adjustable, makes the carton of different size all at this load-transfer device assembly, can also improve the range of use of case unpacker.
As a further improvement on the present invention, actuating device is cylinder.Air cylinder driven is not only saved space but also is convenient to safeguard.
Further improve as of the present invention, load-transfer device and horizon have angle.The gravity that so just can make full use of carton when using load-transfer device to transmit forwards carton.
In sum, advantage of the present invention is, can not only utilize the gravity of load-transfer device and carton simultaneously and may be used for unpacking of different size carton, state when carton maintenance is just put on the belt.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of load-transfer device assembly.
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of the ratchet and pawl arrangement of reflection load-transfer device assembly.
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the pressing device of reflection load-transfer device assembly.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation drawing draw box mechanism.
Fig. 5 is that the sucker of draw box mechanism and the structural representation of gate support are drawn in reflection.
Fig. 6 is the off working state structural representation drawing draw box mechanism.
Fig. 7 is the working state structure schematic diagram drawing draw box mechanism.
Fig. 8 be cover pressing mechanism do not press chest to renovate time schematic perspective view.
Fig. 9 is the schematic perspective view pushed down when chest is renovated of cover pressing mechanism
Figure 10 is the scheme of installation of cover pressing mechanism.
Figure 11 is the structure cutaway view sending draw box mechanism.
Figure 12 is the structural representation sending draw box mechanism.
Figure 13 is the structural representation that the driving chain of draw box mechanism is sent in reflection.
Figure 14 is the B place enlarged view of Figure 11.
Figure 15 is the A place enlarged view of Figure 12.
Figure 16 is the schematic perspective view of case unpacker.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, for the load-transfer device assembly of chest case unpacker, comprise frame 1, cylinder 16, feedway and pressing device.
Box function is sent in realization: cylinder 16 connects ratchet device 15, ratchet device 15 is connected with rotating shaft 14, when the piston of cylinder 16 inwardly shrinks, pull ratchet device 15, drive shaft 14 is rotated, and when the piston of cylinder 16 is protruding, ratchet device 15 dallies, rotating shaft 14 stops operating, thus realizes rotating shaft 14 and rotate towards same direction.Two load-transfer devices 12 are driven by same rotating shaft 14, so rotating shaft 14 is towards unidirectional rotation drive two load-transfer devices 12 towards same direction synchrodrive, are also the transmission direction of carton.Carton is placed on load-transfer device 12, the baffle plate 11 at two ends blocks carton and prevents carton double swerve, load-transfer device 12 and horizon have angle, onesize inclination angle is also arranged at the bottom of briquetting 110, carton is close to by the pressing plate 17 of pressing device, push carton to move forward, the Direct Travel slide block 19 of pressing device is sleeved on the polished rod 13 outside baffle plate 11, make pressing device can again can around polished rod 13 left-right rotation along polished rod 13 slide anteroposterior, baffle plate is provided with inductor 112 near end, when pressing device moves to baffle plate 11 end, inductor 112 senses does not have carton to give the alarm before it, at this moment manually pressing device can be pulled to the initiating terminal of baffle plate 11 around polished rod 13 slightly to outer sideway swivel one angle of baffle plate, briquetting 110 quality below pressing plate 17 is larger, make center of gravity deflection load-transfer device 12 side of whole pressing device, increase the friction between pressing device and load-transfer device 12, pressing device can be moved forward along with load-transfer device 12.Baffle plate 11 termination is provided with inductor 113, if there is other situation when carrying and fail to arrive forward baffle plate 11 termination in carton, after sensed device 113 senses, the control setup of case unpacker can make cylinder 16 quit work, and therefore the load-transfer device assembly of chest case unpacker also quits work.
Realize range capability between adjustment two baffle plates: the device 111 frame 1 being provided with the spacing of adjustment two baffle plates 11, position adjustments screw mandrel 1111 is installed between device 111 and frame 1, rotate and regulate screw mandrel 1111 baffle plate 11 can be pulled out, distance between the baffle plate 11 of increase two, adjustment screw mandrel 1111 is rotated in the opposite direction, baffle plate 11 can be advanced inwards, reduce the distance between two baffle plates 11.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1-accompanying drawing 16, the working process of case unpacker is described.
Cylinder 16 connects ratchet device 15, ratchet device 15 is connected with rotating shaft 14, when the piston of cylinder 16 inwardly shrinks, pull ratchet device 15, drive shaft 14 is rotated, and when the piston of cylinder 16 is protruding, ratchet device 15 dallies, rotating shaft 14 stops operating, thus realizes rotating shaft 14 and rotate towards same direction.Two load-transfer devices 12 are driven by same rotating shaft 14, so rotating shaft 14 is towards unidirectional rotation drive two load-transfer devices 12 towards same direction synchrodrive, are also the transmission direction of carton.Carton is placed on load-transfer device 12, the baffle plate 11 at two ends blocks carton and prevents carton double swerve, load-transfer device 12 and horizon have angle, onesize inclination angle is also arranged at the bottom of briquetting 110, carton is close to by the pressing plate 17 of pressing device, push carton to move forward, the Direct Travel slide block 19 of pressing device is sleeved on the polished rod 13 outside baffle plate 11, make pressing device can again can around polished rod 13 left-right rotation along polished rod 13 slide anteroposterior, baffle plate is provided with inductor 112 near end, when pressing device moves to baffle plate 11 end, inductor 112 senses does not have carton to give the alarm before it, at this moment manually pressing device can be pulled to the initiating terminal of baffle plate 11 around polished rod 13 slightly to outer sideway swivel one angle of baffle plate, briquetting 110 quality below pressing plate 17 is larger, make center of gravity deflection load-transfer device 12 side of whole pressing device, increase the friction between pressing device and load-transfer device 12, pressing device can be moved forward along with load-transfer device 12.Baffle plate 11 termination is provided with inductor 113, if there is other situation when carrying and fail to arrive forward baffle plate 11 termination in carton, after sensed device 113 senses, the control setup of case unpacker can make cylinder 16 quit work, and therefore the load-transfer device assembly of chest case unpacker also quits work.
When needing to pull open shaping chest 2, when being sent to this position, the upper end of chest 2 is pressed on back-up block 21, and the two ends side of chest 2 is pressed in gate and supports in the forming blocks 22 of 26 left and right beam 29; When inductor senses chest 2, a signal is transmitted to Upper system, Upper system is to drawing case servomotor 23 1 signals, case servomotor swing arm 2311 upward movement is drawn in driving, draw case servomotor swing arm 2311 drivening rod 232 upward movement, connecting rod 232 drives sucker 25 upward movement, and sucker 25 moves upward to desired location and holds below chest 2; Suction cup interior is provided with air bag 251, and air bag 251 is in upward movement process, and air bag 251 forms negative pressure, holds when sucker 25 moves upward to desired location by below chest 2; While sucker 25 holds chest 2, Upper system sends to and draws case servomotor 23 1 signals, connecting rod servomotor swing arm 2311 drivening rod 232 moves downward, connecting rod 232 drives sucker 25 to move downward, sucker 25 holds chest and pulls down, while being held pull down by sucker 25 below chest 2, upper end due to chest 2 is pressed on upper back-up block 21, when chest 2 to be held by sucker 25 pull down while the upper end of chest 2 leave upper back-up block 21, and along guiding piece 28 landing downwards; Two ends side due to chest 2 is pressed in gate and supports in the forming blocks 22 of 26 left and right beam 29, when chest 2 to be held by sucker 25 pull down while two ends below chest 2 leave forming blocks 22, forming blocks 22 is fallen the centre of chest 2 and is held the lower end of chest, makes chest 2 be easy to shaping.When chest 2 by sucker 25 hold get back to original horizontal position time, the air bag 251 of sucker 25 inside reverts to malleation, and sucker 25 unclamps chest 2, and chest 2 pulls into quadrangle.
When sucker 25 holds the chest 2 of quadrangularly, be positioned horizontally on transfer assembly, cylinder pulls the fixed block 35 be positioned on pressing plate 31, and pressing plate 31 32 is overturn downwards around the shaft, pushes down the chest 2 be on transfer assembly and is close to renovating of transfer assembly.Due to pressing plate 31 when turning to level and the thickness renovated than chest 2 of the distance of transfer assembly large, so the chest 2 on transfer assembly can along with the operation onwards transmission of machine, in chest 2 onwards transmission process, pressing plate 31 passes from adjacent renovating gap on rear side of chest 2 transmission direction, turn to chest 2 downwards from pressing plate 31 to renovate and depart from time of pressing plate 31 completely and set in advance, when chest 2 renovate depart from pressing plate 31 completely time cylinder promote the fixed block 35 that is positioned on pressing plate 31, pressing plate 31 32 upwards overturns around the shaft, recover not press chest 2 to renovate the state of money, then previous course of action is repeated.
When chest be sent to send on draw box mechanism time, on send box assembly 41 to send case chain 412 transmission sending in case process to send case transmission shaft 415 to rotate from above drive send case sprocket wheel 413 to rotate in drive, upper block 414 with on send case chain 412 to fix, upper block 414 is followed and is sent case chain 412 to move together; Thus realize upper block 414 and promote chest 2 and travel forward.On send case chain 412 to be arranged on to send on case sprocket wheel 413; On send case sprocket wheel 413 to be fixed on to send on case transmission shaft 415, above send case transmission shaft 415 to be arranged in frame 1; Under send box assembly 42 send in case process send by down case intermediate solid drive shaft 421 and under send the outer transmission shaft 422 of case to rotate to drive simultaneously under send case inner sprocket 423 and under send the outer sprocket wheel 424 of case to rotate drive under to send in case chain 425 and under send case outer chain 428 transmission, positive stop 426 is fixed on down and send on case inner sprocket 423, and backstop 427 is fixed on down and send on the outer sprocket wheel 424 of case; Backstop 427 and upper block 414 consistency from top to bottom; Backstop 427 promotes chest and travels forward together with upper block 414.Under send case inner sprocket 423 to be fixed on down to send on case intermediate solid drive shaft 421, under send on case intermediate solid drive shaft 421 and be arranged in frame 1; Under send the outer sprocket wheel 424 of case to be fixed on the outer transmission shaft 422 of lower carrying case, the outer transmission shaft 422 of lower carrying case is arranged in frame 1; Under send chain 425 in case to be arranged on down to send on case inner sprocket 423, under send the outer chain 428 of case to be arranged on down to send on the outer sprocket wheel 424 of case; Sending in case process, above send box assembly 41 with under send box assembly 42 to be connected by driving chain 45, realization is sent case chain 412 and under send chain 425 in case, under send the outer chain 428 of case to be synchronized with the movement.
When box sizes changes,
Load-transfer device assembly realizes range capability between adjustment two baffle plates: the device 111 frame 1 being provided with the spacing of adjustment two baffle plates 11, position adjustments screw mandrel 1111 is installed between device 111 and frame 1, rotate and regulate screw mandrel 1111 baffle plate 11 can be pulled out, distance between the baffle plate 11 of increase two, adjustment screw mandrel 1111 is rotated in the opposite direction, baffle plate 11 can be advanced inwards, reduce the distance between two baffle plates 11.
Send draw box mechanism to realize regulating box sizes function: upper send case transmission shaft 415 has been installed in series on send case chain to regulate power-transfer clutch 411; Under send case intermediate solid drive shaft 421 and under send the outer transmission shaft 422 of case has been installed in series respectively under send chain in case regulate power-transfer clutch 429 and under send the outer chain of case to regulate power-transfer clutch 4211; Frame 43 is provided with driving chain tensioning mechanism 46 and position adjustments screw mandrel 47.Driving chain tensioning mechanism 46 is provided with tension-regulator 461 and tensioning spring 462.When the oad of chest changes, the adjustment of the forward and backward size of chest: the position of presetting backstop 427 immobilizes, only needs the position adjusting positive stop 426; Now only chain in case need be sent for 426 times to regulate the driving wheel 4291 of power-transfer clutch 429 and flower wheel 4292 to unclamp by installing positive stop, under send chain in case regulate the driving wheel 4291 of power-transfer clutch with under send case inner sprocket 423 to be connected, under send the flower wheel 4292 of chain adjustment power-transfer clutch in case with under send the slave end 4211 of case intermediate solid drive shaft to be connected; Chain in case is sent to regulate the flower wheel 4292 of power-transfer clutch under rotation, the transmission of chain 425 in case is sent under drive, after the distance changed between positive stop 426 and backstop 427 reaches the size required for chest, chain in case under connection, is sent to regulate the driving wheel 4291 of power-transfer clutch 429 and flower wheel 4292 to complete.The position of presetting positive stop 426 immobilizes, and the principle of work of the position of adjustment backstop is the same with above-mentioned.The adjustment of the upper and lower size of chest: the bottom surface position of chest 44 immobilizes, according to the change of the upper and lower size of chest, rotation regulates screw mandrel 471 to reach required size and can complete.While the upper and lower size of adjustment chest, drive and above sent moving up and down of box assembly 41 entirety, connection is sent box assembly 41 and under send the driving chain 45 of box assembly 42 synchrodrive will present degree of tightness state, the tension-regulator 461 on transmission chain stretching device 46 need be regulated, driving chain 45 is made to be adjusted to desired position, tensioning spring 462 makes its driving chain 45 have certain degree of tightness surplus, and whole transmission process more steadily, reliably.

Claims (3)

1. for a load-transfer device assembly for case unpacker, it is characterized in that: be made up of frame (1), actuating device (16), feedway and pressing device, feedway is arranged in frame; Described feedway comprises two baffle plates be arranged in parallel (11) and load-transfer device (12), described load-transfer device (12) and horizon have angle, baffle plate (11) outside is provided with polished rod (13), polished rod (13) is parallel with load-transfer device (12), load-transfer device (12) is arranged on downside between two baffle plates (11), two load-transfer devices (12) are driven by same rotating shaft (14), realize two load-transfer device (12) synchrodrive; Rotating shaft (14), by ratchet and pawl arrangement (15) connecting drive device (16), makes rotating shaft (14) do unidirectional rotation; Described pressing device comprises pressing plate (17), connecting panel (18) and Direct Travel slide block (19), pressing plate (17) bottom is provided with briquetting (110), the inclination angle identical with load-transfer device (12) angle is arranged at the bottom of briquetting (110), connecting panel (18) top is fixedly connected on pressing plate (17), bottom is fixedly connected with Direct Travel slide block (19), the Direct Travel slide block (19) of pressing device is flexibly connected with polished rod (13), and briquetting (110) is placed on load-transfer device (12).
2. the load-transfer device assembly for case unpacker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the device (111) frame (1) being provided with the spacing of adjustment two baffle plates (11).
3. the load-transfer device assembly for case unpacker according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described actuating device (16) is cylinder.
CN201210089425.5A 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Conveying belt component for box unpacking machine Active CN103359323B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210089425.5A CN103359323B (en) 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Conveying belt component for box unpacking machine

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CN201210089425.5A CN103359323B (en) 2012-03-30 2012-03-30 Conveying belt component for box unpacking machine

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CN103359323B true CN103359323B (en) 2015-06-03

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104670564B (en) * 2015-02-15 2016-10-19 中国包装和食品机械有限公司 A kind of many specifications carton box packing machine is with opening box system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4010187B2 (en) * 2002-05-30 2007-11-21 凸版印刷株式会社 Carton feeder
CN201400320Y (en) * 2009-01-19 2010-02-10 杭州永创机械有限公司 Conveying device of packing case blanks
CN201660308U (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-12-01 杭州永创机械有限公司 Box blank conveyer used for package box forming
CN202054150U (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-11-30 广州市铭慧包装机械有限公司 Square bag type beverage boxing machine
CN102285470A (en) * 2011-05-20 2011-12-21 刘丙炎 Automatic holder separation machine
CN202863811U (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-04-10 苏州澳昆智能机器人技术有限公司 Conveying belt assembly for case unpacking machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4010187B2 (en) * 2002-05-30 2007-11-21 凸版印刷株式会社 Carton feeder
CN201400320Y (en) * 2009-01-19 2010-02-10 杭州永创机械有限公司 Conveying device of packing case blanks
CN201660308U (en) * 2010-03-05 2010-12-01 杭州永创机械有限公司 Box blank conveyer used for package box forming
CN202054150U (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-11-30 广州市铭慧包装机械有限公司 Square bag type beverage boxing machine
CN102285470A (en) * 2011-05-20 2011-12-21 刘丙炎 Automatic holder separation machine
CN202863811U (en) * 2012-03-30 2013-04-10 苏州澳昆智能机器人技术有限公司 Conveying belt assembly for case unpacking machine

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