CN103359156A - Steering system of electric ground sweeper - Google Patents

Steering system of electric ground sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103359156A
CN103359156A CN2013102152447A CN201310215244A CN103359156A CN 103359156 A CN103359156 A CN 103359156A CN 2013102152447 A CN2013102152447 A CN 2013102152447A CN 201310215244 A CN201310215244 A CN 201310215244A CN 103359156 A CN103359156 A CN 103359156A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
steering
rotating disk
rotating disc
wheel
frame assembly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013102152447A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王少翠
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHUHAI YIHUA ELECTRIC VEHICLE Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHUHAI YIHUA ELECTRIC VEHICLE Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by ZHUHAI YIHUA ELECTRIC VEHICLE Co Ltd filed Critical ZHUHAI YIHUA ELECTRIC VEHICLE Co Ltd
Priority to CN2013102152447A priority Critical patent/CN103359156A/en
Publication of CN103359156A publication Critical patent/CN103359156A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a steering system of an electric ground sweeper. The electric ground sweeper comprises a frame assembly, a travel driving motor, a driver cabin, a vacuum dustbin and a rear axle assembly, wherein the front part of the frame assembly rotatably bears front wheels driven by the travel driving motor; the rear part of the frame assembly rotatably bears rear wheels serving as steering wheels; the rear wheels are connected with the rear axle assembly; the driver cabin is internally provided with a driver seat, a steering wheel, a steering post, an acceleration pedal and a braking pedal; the steering system comprises a front cable rotating disc connected with the lower end of the steering post, a rear cable rotating disc connected with the rear axle assembly, and two steering cables connected between the front cable rotating disc and the rear cable rotating disc; and the two ends of the steering cables are fixed on the front cable rotating disc and the rear cable rotating disc respectively. The electric ground sweeper with the steering system adopts front-wheel drive and rear-wheel steering, is strong in climbing capacity and strong in power, and can perform high-efficiency cleaning operation in a narrow outdoor environment.

Description

The steering swivel system of electric floor scavenging machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to floor sweeper, particularly a kind of steering swivel system of electric floor scavenging machine.
Background technology
At present, common vacuum draw type floor sweeper generally has for being used for cleaning brush and the vacuum rubbish container of the pivotable drive on cleaning ground along the wheel of ground run and at least one on the market.Can clean ground by means of this floor sweeper, such as street, footway or parking area etc.At least one cleaning brush of floor sweeper acts on the ground to be cleaned and with cleaning material and is directed to component suction nozzle, and cleaning material is sucked by component suction nozzle and is transported in the vacuum rubbish container by connected pipeline.For this reason, the vacuum rubbish container is loaded with negative pressure by pumping equipment, thereby consists of from component suction nozzle to the vacuum rubbish container and the aspiration flow from the vacuum rubbish container to pumping equipment.Scavenging machine structure for example is the form of vehicle for self-propelling, and wherein, the vacuum rubbish container can be arranged in the zone at rear portion of vehicle, and vehicle can have the chaufeur cabin in the zone in front.The upstream line that component suction nozzle is connected with the vacuum rubbish container leads in the vacuum rubbish container in the zone of the wall of container of the front of the travel direction that is relevant to scavenging machine usually.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of steering swivel system of electric floor scavenging machine, so that the electric floor scavenging machine of employing steering swivel system of the present invention is f-w-d and rear-axle steering, hill climbing ability is strong, and powerful can be carried out efficient cleaning at narrow outdoor environment.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention has adopted following technical scheme: the steering swivel system that designs a kind of electric floor scavenging machine, described electric floor scavenging machine comprises frame assembly, drive motor travels, the chaufeur cabin, vacuum rubbish container and back axle assembly, the anterior rotatably support of described frame assembly has the front-wheel that is driven by the described drive motor that travels, the rear portion rotatably support of described frame assembly has the trailing wheel as wheel flutter, described trailing wheel is connected in described back axle assembly, inside, described chaufeur cabin has driver's seat, bearing circle, Steering gear, acceleration pedal and brake pedal, described steering swivel system comprises the fore stay rotating disk that is connected in described Steering gear lower end, be connected in the back stay rotating disk of described back axle assembly, and two of being connected between described fore stay rotating disk and the back stay rotating disk turn to drag-line, and the described two ends of drag-line that turn to are separately fixed on described fore stay rotating disk and the back stay rotating disk.
According to the steering swivel system of a kind of electric floor scavenging machine of the present invention, described steering swivel system also comprises the steering booster that is positioned on the described back axle assembly, and described back stay rotating disk is connected in described steering booster.
For the electric floor scavenging machine that adopts steering swivel system of the present invention, the rotation of its bearing circle is transformed into the rotation of fore stay rotating disk by the transmission of Steering gear, turn to the accurate transfer of drag-line by two again during the fore stay turntable rotation and the anglec of rotation of fore stay rotating disk is transformed into the anglec of rotation of back stay rotating disk, drive moving axially of left and right sides semiaxis by steering booster again during the back stay turntable rotation, thereby realize the steering operation to trailing wheel.Car load is f-w-d and rear-axle steering, and hill climbing ability is strong, powerful; Control simply, flexibly turn radius and compact design is so that adopt the electric floor scavenging machine of steering swivel system of the present invention to carry out efficient cleaning at narrow outdoor environment (such as footway, shopping mall, urban highway etc.).
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the block diagram that adopts a kind of electric floor scavenging machine of steering swivel system of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the lateral plan of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 3 is the birds-eye view of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 4 is the B-B cutaway view of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 3.
Fig. 5 is the C-C cutaway view of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 3.
Fig. 6 is the parts explosion at the forward right side visual angle of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 7 is the parts explosion at the right lateral side visual angle of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1.
Fig. 8 is that the component suction nozzle of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1 is mentioned view.
Fig. 9 is the front elevation of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1.
Figure 10 is the block diagram of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1 when having hidden rear bumper.
Figure 11 is the suction nozzle lifting mechanism scheme drawing of electric floor scavenging machine shown in Figure 1.
The specific embodiment
The below will describe various embodiment of the present invention in detail, and embodiment wherein describes in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and hereinafter.Although the present invention describes in connection with illustrative embodiments, be to be understood that to the invention is not restricted to these illustrative embodiments.On the contrary, the present invention not only comprises these embodiments, but also comprises various distortion, improvement.
Fig. 1 is to Figure 7 shows that the electric floor scavenging machine 10 that adopts steering swivel system of the present invention, it comprises frame assembly 1, lifting tipping mechanism 2, chaufeur cabin 6, water tank 38, water pump (not shown), vacuum rubbish container 36, pumping equipment 40, and frame assembly 1 rear side is provided with rear bumper 50.
Such as Fig. 2, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the anterior rotatably support of frame assembly 1 has two as the front-wheel 20 of drive wheel, and front-wheel 20 is driven by the drive motor 60 of travelling that is arranged on frame assembly 1 front portion, makes electric floor scavenging machine 10 be advanced or retreat.Anterior position between two front-wheels 20 is provided with component suction nozzle 22.The rear portion rotatably support of frame assembly 1 has two for the trailing wheel 30 that turns to.
Component suction nozzle 22 comprises suction nozzle body 221 and is positioned at suction nozzle body 221 three road wheels 222 on every side that road wheel 222 is used for kiss the earth and defines suction nozzle body 221 suitable distance overhead.Suction nozzle body 221 is connected in suction bend 224 by suction pipe 223, and this suction bend 224 can dock with inlet scoop 362 sealings on the antetheca 363 of vacuum rubbish container 36; When vacuum rubbish container 36 was lifted by lifting tipping mechanism 2, this suction bend 224 can separate with inlet scoop 362.Suction nozzle body 221 is provided with the spraying nipple that is connected in water tank 38, can utilize water pump that the water in the water tank 38 is supplied to spraying nipple, processes in order to carry out atomizing de-dusting when suction nozzle body 221 is drawn rubbish.The front portion of component suction nozzle 22 is provided with adjustable baffle plate, so that this component suction nozzle 22 can easily be tackled such as beverage bottle, aluminium pot and the larger rubbish of finger stone equal-volume.
6 inside, chaufeur cabin have driver's seat 61, bearing circle 62, acceleration pedal, brake pedal etc., and driver's seat 61 is equipped with safety strap and conveniently adjusted, make working environment become more comfortable and hommization.Chaufeur cabin 6 is for all-transparent designs, broad view, and also there is a window in floor central authorities, can understand at any time the service condition of component suction nozzle 22, and be furnished with the automatic fault checking system, and are easy and safe to operate.
Such as Fig. 7 to Figure 10, bearing circle 62 is connected in trailing wheel 30 by Steering gear 31 and steering swivel system 3, the user of electric floor scavenging machine 10 can be sitting on the driver's seat 61 in the chaufeur cabin 6, and the electric floor scavenging machine 10 in advancing by 62 pairs on steer direction dish carries out steering operation.Steering swivel system 3 comprises the fore stay rotating disk 32 that is connected in Steering gear 31 lower ends, be connected in the back stay rotating disk 34 of back axle assembly 33, and two of being connected between fore stay rotating disk 32 and the back stay rotating disk 34 turn to drag-line 35, turn to the two ends of drag-line 35 to be separately fixed on fore stay rotating disk 32 and the back stay rotating disk 34, the rotation of bearing circle 62 is transformed into the rotation of fore stay rotating disk 32 by the transmission of Steering gear 31, turn to the accurate transfer of drag-line 35 by two again during fore stay rotating disk 32 rotation and the anglec of rotation of fore stay rotating disk 32 is transformed into the anglec of rotation of back stay rotating disk 34, drive moving axially of left and right sides semiaxis 37 by steering booster 39 again during 34 rotation of back stay rotating disk, thereby realize the steering operation to trailing wheel 30.
Such as Fig. 2, Fig. 8 and Figure 11, on travel direction 100, before front-wheel 20, the front portion of frame assembly 1 respectively is supported with a disk-shaped cleaning brush 24, and this cleaning brush 24 can rotate about it by the driving of brush motor 25 axis 26 and rotate.Can clean ground by cleaning brush 24, such as street, footway or parking area etc. in the cleaning process is transported to cleaning material component suction nozzle 22.Cleaning brush 24 is articulated in the front portion of frame assembly 1 by cantilever 241, and cantilever 241 is taken and put on component suction nozzle 22, and when component suction nozzle 22 was lifted by suction nozzle lifting mechanism 5, cleaning brush 24 also was lifted simultaneously and breaks away from ground; When component suction nozzle 22 was put down by suction nozzle lifting mechanism 5, cleaning brush 24 was also put down simultaneously and is contacted with ground.State when component suction nozzle 22 and cleaning brush 24 are raised as shown in Figure 8.
Water tank 38 is connected with nozzle (not shown) circulation on remaining on cleaning brush 24 by known water pipe.By not shown water pump, water can be by water tank 38 pumps to nozzle.Water can be by nozzle ejection to ground to be cleaned, the dust that produces when cleaning to reduce.
Vacuum rubbish container 36 is made by corrosion-resistant steel, and the rubbish carrying capacity is large, lengthens working hours, and raises the efficiency.Also be equipped with on the vacuum rubbish container 36 and extend dust eliminating equipment and water blast gun device, have one-stop cleaning function, improved cleaning, cleaning efficiency.Vacuum rubbish container 36 rear side be provided with openable casing bonnet 361.Casing bonnet 361 is hinged on the rear upper lateral part of the casing 365 of vacuum rubbish container 36, and casing bonnet 361 can pivot outside the horizontal pivot axis alignment, in order to open container intracavity 363.Container intracavity 363 is positioned at the bottom of vacuum rubbish container 36, is used for storing rubbish and pollutants.
Pumping equipment 40 is arranged on the tip position in the vacuum rubbish container 36, and this pumping equipment 40 comprises impeller motor 42 and outflow wheel 44, and this outflow wheel 44 places rotation by impeller motor 42 around vertical orientated blower fan axis.The actuation movement of impeller motor 42 passes to outflow wheel 44 by driving device.
During electric floor scavenging machine 10 operation of present embodiment, cleaning brush 24 is put down ground and is advanced with electric floor scavenging machine 10 with pasting, component suction nozzle 22 by three road wheels 222 along ground running.At these electric floor scavenging machine 10 run durations, the container intracavity 363 of vacuum rubbish container 36 forms negative pressure by pumping equipment 40.Container intracavity 363 passes through inlet scoop 362 again, suction bend 224 is connected with suction pipe is connected with component suction nozzle 22 circulations.Thus, can obtain to be set out by the container intracavity 363 of suction pipe 223 to vacuum rubbish container 36 by component suction nozzle 22, and further by the aspiration flow of this container intracavity 363 to pumping equipment 40.Draw air and can output to outside atmosphere by the diffuser 45 that remains on vacuum rubbish container 36 tops by pumping equipment 40.By the aspiration flow that is produced by pumping equipment 40, cleaning material can be transported in the vacuum rubbish container 36 by component suction nozzle 22.Cleaning material enters into container intracavity 363 by the outlet of suction bend 224 with the docking of inlet scoop 362 of vacuum rubbish container 36.Container intracavity 363 is provided with the deflecting plate 364 of arc in the position near inlet scoop 362.
Utilizing component suction nozzle 22 to draw in the process of rubbish, the water that aspirates 38 li in water tank by water pump sprays to the air-flow that contains dust and rubbish that flows through in suction nozzle body 221 and the suction pipe 223 by the spraying nipple of installing on the suction nozzle body 221.The dust that contains in the air-flow, the affine rear formation granulated garbage of the water smoke pearl humidifying that rubbish is sprayed and rubbish group, contain granulated garbage and rubbish the group air-flow enter vacuum rubbish container 36 after, because the effect of vacuum rubbish container 36 interior space enlargement, air-flow velocity tends towards stability, granulated garbage and rubbish are rolled into a ball at vacuum rubbish container 36 interior dependence gravity settlings and are trapped in the container intracavity 363 of vacuum rubbish container 36, pumping equipment 40 extracting vacuum rubbish containers 36 are interior through the air-flow after gravity settling and 366 filtrations of first order filtering net, after further filtering through second stage filtering net 367, be expelled to outside atmosphere by the diffuser 45 at vacuum rubbish container 36 tops.

Claims (2)

1. the steering swivel system of electric floor scavenging machine, described electric floor scavenging machine comprises frame assembly, drive motor travels, the chaufeur cabin, vacuum rubbish container and back axle assembly, the anterior rotatably support of described frame assembly has the front-wheel that is driven by the described drive motor that travels, the rear portion rotatably support of described frame assembly has the trailing wheel as wheel flutter, described trailing wheel is connected in described back axle assembly, inside, described chaufeur cabin has driver's seat, bearing circle, Steering gear, acceleration pedal and brake pedal, it is characterized in that, described steering swivel system comprises the fore stay rotating disk that is connected in described Steering gear lower end, be connected in the back stay rotating disk of described back axle assembly, and two of being connected between described fore stay rotating disk and the back stay rotating disk turn to drag-line, and the described two ends of drag-line that turn to are separately fixed on described fore stay rotating disk and the back stay rotating disk.
2. the steering swivel system of electric floor scavenging machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described steering swivel system also comprises the steering booster that is positioned on the described back axle assembly, and described back stay rotating disk is connected in described steering booster.
CN2013102152447A 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 Steering system of electric ground sweeper Pending CN103359156A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013102152447A CN103359156A (en) 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 Steering system of electric ground sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013102152447A CN103359156A (en) 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 Steering system of electric ground sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103359156A true CN103359156A (en) 2013-10-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013102152447A Pending CN103359156A (en) 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 Steering system of electric ground sweeper

Country Status (1)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1053038A (en) * 1990-01-04 1991-07-17 李广义 All weather four-wheel motor car
JP2663255B2 (en) * 1995-08-30 1997-10-15 山崎産業株式会社 Cleaning equipment
CN2611260Y (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-04-14 好孩子儿童用品有限公司 Steering mechanism of electric cycle
CN101016732A (en) * 2007-02-14 2007-08-15 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Only absorbing sweeper truck with combined suction nozzle
CN201258465Y (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-06-17 程德刚 Open type sucking sweeper
CN101876163A (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-11-03 沈阳美邦环保设备有限公司 Light motor vehicle for cleaning road surface
CN203294172U (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-11-20 珠海亿华电动车辆有限公司 Steering system of electric ground cleaning machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1053038A (en) * 1990-01-04 1991-07-17 李广义 All weather four-wheel motor car
JP2663255B2 (en) * 1995-08-30 1997-10-15 山崎産業株式会社 Cleaning equipment
CN2611260Y (en) * 2003-03-03 2004-04-14 好孩子儿童用品有限公司 Steering mechanism of electric cycle
CN101016732A (en) * 2007-02-14 2007-08-15 长沙中联重工科技发展股份有限公司 Only absorbing sweeper truck with combined suction nozzle
CN201258465Y (en) * 2008-06-13 2009-06-17 程德刚 Open type sucking sweeper
CN101876163A (en) * 2008-12-30 2010-11-03 沈阳美邦环保设备有限公司 Light motor vehicle for cleaning road surface
CN203294172U (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-11-20 珠海亿华电动车辆有限公司 Steering system of electric ground cleaning machine

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Application publication date: 20131023