CN103357079B - Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus - Google Patents

Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103357079B
CN103357079B CN201210094036.1A CN201210094036A CN103357079B CN 103357079 B CN103357079 B CN 103357079B CN 201210094036 A CN201210094036 A CN 201210094036A CN 103357079 B CN103357079 B CN 103357079B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
portion
cassette
pin
stop
mounting portion
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210094036.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103357079A (en
Inventor
出水俊
金丸惠辅
Original Assignee
泰尔茂株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 泰尔茂株式会社 filed Critical 泰尔茂株式会社
Priority to CN201210094036.1A priority Critical patent/CN103357079B/en
Publication of CN103357079A publication Critical patent/CN103357079A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103357079B publication Critical patent/CN103357079B/en

Links

Abstract

本发明提供一种自动腹膜透析装置,能够使患者等使用自动腹膜透析装置的人,将在透析时新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确设置位置上,从而能够改善透析盒的插入性。 The present invention provides an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, can be made such as a patient using an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus person, the cassette will be newly used in dialysis smoothly mounted to the correct set position within the cassette mounting portion, thereby improving the cassette the insertion of. 本发明的自动腹膜透析装置具有透析盒(100)和供透析盒沿着插入方向(SS)以能够装拆的方式安装的透析盒安装部(20),透析盒安装部(20)具有:包括斜面部(41B)的第一止动销(31),该斜面部(41B)用于在将透析盒(100)安装到透析盒安装部(20)上时,与透析盒的第一端部侧的内侧部分(99D)接触而沿着插入方向(SS)引导到透析盒安装部(20)内;和包括斜槽部(48)的第二止动销(32),该斜槽部(48)用于在使透析盒(100)安装到透析盒安装部(20)上时,在将透析盒(100)的第二端部侧(99F)嵌入的状态下沿着插入方向(SS)引导到透析盒安装部(20)内。 Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the present invention has a dialysis cassette (100) for the cassette and the cassette mounting portion (20) along the insertion direction (SS) so as to be detachably mounted, the cassette mounting portion (20) having: comprising when the inclined surface portion (41B) of the first stop pin (31), the inclined portion (41B) is used in the dialysis cartridge (100) is mounted to the cassette mounting portion (20), the first end portion side of the cassette the inner portion (99D) is guided along the contact insertion direction (SS) to the cassette mounting portion (20); and includes a chute portion (48) a second stop pin (32), the chute (48) when a dialysis cassette (100) is mounted to the cassette mounting portion (20), in the cassette (100) a second end portion side (99F) fitted state guided along the insertion direction (SS) to cassette mounting portion (20).

Description

自动腹膜透析装置 Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及自动腹膜透析装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus. 尤其涉及使用透析盒将腹膜透析液注入到患者的腹腔内并使其蓄留后、从患者的腹腔将腹膜透析液排液的自动腹膜透析装置。 Particularly to the use of the peritoneal dialysis cassette was poured into the accumulator, from a patient's abdominal cavity to automated peritoneal dialysis fluid drain peritoneal dialysis apparatus and allowed intraperitoneal patient.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]例如,由于肾脏功能的降低而需要接受血液透析的患者每周去医院三、四次,一边由血液透析装置限制多达四、五个小时一边接受血液透析。 [0002] For example, due to reduced renal function in patients requiring hemodialysis go to the hospital Wednesday, four times, while as many as four or five hours while receiving hemodialysis device limits the blood dialysis.

[0003]对此,一直以来,从患者的便利性考虑,利用一种自动腹膜透析装置,将其配置在患者的家中,患者自己操作来进行腹膜透析(参照专利文献I)。 [0003] In this regard, has been considered from the convenience of patients, using an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, which is disposed in the patient's home, the patient himself peritoneal dialysis operation (refer to Patent Document I).

[0004]在这样的自动腹膜透析装置中,必须执行基于医生检查患者的腹膜功能的水平和进展状态的检查结果,即处方的透析内容。 [0004] In such an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, it must be performed based on test results and the progress state level doctor examining a patient's peritoneal function, i.e., the contents of the dialysis prescription.

[0005]因此,在医院,医生将记载有处方内容的书函交给患者,患者回到家中,对家中所设的自动腹膜透析装置按处方的内容进行设定而接受透析。 [0005] Thus, in the hospital, the doctor will record the contents of the book letter prescription to a patient, the patient returned home, the home of the set of automated peritoneal dialysis device is set according to the contents of prescription and dialysis.

[0006]在现有的自动腹膜透析装置中,作为其主要的动作部,将用于从腹膜透析液袋送液的输液管、夹子等的送液的切换部、以及用于付与送液的驱动力的隔膜栗、腹膜透析液的加热部等一并设置,使用附带一套输液管的透析盒以及一套输液管。 [0006] In the conventional automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, as its main operation unit, the unit for switching the liquid infusion tube, clips or the like from the feed liquid feeding the peritoneal dialysis bag, and means for imparting liquid feeding Li driving force of the diaphragm, the heating unit together with the peritoneal dialysate or the like is provided, using a cassette included infusion tube and the infusion tube set.

[0007]该透析盒在每次使用时更换,被使用过的透析盒体以及一套输液管被废弃。 [0007] The cassette each time the use of replacement, used in the past a dialysis cartridge, and the infusion tube is discarded. 使用这样的自动腹膜透析装置的透析治疗为,将透析液向患者的腹腔内进行规定量的注液并在腹腔内蓄留规定时间,患者经由腹膜接受透析处理,然后从腹腔中排液,由该透液性的注液、蓄留、排液作为腹膜透析处理的一个循环。 The use of such automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the dialysis treatment, for dialysate predetermined amount of liquid injection into the patient's abdominal cavity and the abdominal cavity accumulation for a predetermined time, the patient via a peritoneal dialysis treatment, and then drain from the peritoneal cavity by injection of the liquid-permeable, accumulation, as a liquid discharge cycling peritoneal dialysis treatment.

[0008] 专利文献I:日本特开2003-704号公报 [0008] Patent Document I: Japanese Patent Laid-Open Publication No. 2003-704

[0009]然而,在患者每次进行腹膜透析时所新使用的透析盒,需要将位于自动腹膜透析装置的下部的透析盒安装部的门打开,而插入且安装到透析盒安装部内。 [0009] However, each time the cassette when the patient peritoneal dialysis newly used, the door needs to be located in the cassette mounting portion of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of a lower opening, inserted and mounted into the cassette mounting portion. 在现有的自动腹膜透析装置中,顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部的正确的设置位置上并不容易,会出现从正确的安装位置例如向上方浮起或者相对于插入方向而向右方错位的现象。 In conventional automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, it is not easy to smoothly mounted to the correct position of the cassette mounting portion provided on, or will float with respect to the insertion direction from the right to the correct position, for example, upward displacement direction The phenomenon.

[0010]由此,患者在每次进行腹膜透析时,希望能够将新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确的设置位置上。 [0010] Accordingly, each time the patient in peritoneal dialysis, it is desirable to be able to use the new cassette smoothly into the correct set position within the cassette mounting portion.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0011]因此,本发明以提供一种使用者能够方便使用的自动腹膜透析装置为目的。 [0011] Accordingly, the present invention is to provide an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus can conveniently use a user for the purpose. 尤其以提供一种如下的自动腹膜透析装置为目的,该自动腹膜透析装置能够将在透析时新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确的设置位置上,从而能够改善透析盒的插入性。 In particular, to provide one of the following automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus for the purpose of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus capable cassette newly used in dialysis smoothly into the correct installation position in the cassette mounting portion, thereby improving the cassette insertion of.

[0012]本发明的自动腹膜透析装置,具有透析盒和供所述透析盒沿着插入方向以能够装拆的方式安装的透析盒安装部,所述透析盒具有对腹膜透析液进行送液的栗、对所述腹膜透析液进行加热的加热部和透析液流路,其特征在于,在该透析盒的第一端部和第二端部上设有至少向下突出的壁部,所述透析盒安装部具有:第一止动销,形成在所述自动腹膜透析装置的壳体的前面,并具有抵接部,该抵接部在将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上时,与所述透析盒的第一端部侧的所述壁部相比配置在内侧,且相对于该壁部从内侧弹性地抵接;和第二止动销,具有抵接部,该抵接部在将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上时,配置在所述透析盒的第二端部侧的所述壁部的位置上,相对于该壁部从外侧弹性地抵接。 [0012] automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the present invention, with the cassette and the cassette for cassette mounting portion in the insertion direction so as to be detachably attached, said cassette having a peritoneal dialysate liquid feeding Li, the peritoneal dialysate and a heating unit for heating a dialysate flow path, characterized in that at least downwardly projecting wall portion on a first end and a second end portion of the cassette, the cassette mounting portion having: a first stop pin, are formed in the front of the housing of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, and has a contact portion, the contact portion in the cassette mounted to the cassette mounting portion when, with the wall portion of the first end portion side of the cassette is arranged inside compared, and with respect to the wall portions abut elastically from inside; and a second stopper pin, having an abutment portion, the abutment portion of the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the mounting portion, the wall portion disposed at a position of the second end portion side of the upper cassette, with respect to the outer side wall portion elastically comes from access.

[0013]根据上述结构,能够使患者等使用自动腹膜透析装置的人,将在透析时新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确设置位置上,从而能够改善透析盒的插入性。 [0013] According to the above configuration, the patient and the like using an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus person, the cassette will be newly used in dialysis smoothly mounted to the correct set position within the cassette mounting portion, it is possible to improve the insertion of the cassette . 也就是说,透析盒通过所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销的各抵接部,在水平方向上被弹性地固定保持,从而该透析盒不会向上方浮起或相对于插入方向而错位,能够以正确地定位的方式顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的规定的位置上。 That is, each of the abutting portions of the cassette by the first stop and the second stop pin of the pin, is fixed and held elastically in the horizontal direction, so that the cassette does not float upward to the insertion or displacement direction, can be accurately positioned in a manner smoothly mounted to a predetermined portion inside the cassette mounting position.

[0014]优选的是,所述透析盒通过用于供所述加热部能够装拆地安装的框部构成所述壁部,设在所述第一止动销上的斜面部通过与所述框部的第一端部侧的所述内侧部分接触,而将所述透析盒沿着所述插入方向引导到所述透析盒安装部内,并且,在所述第二止动销上,在所述抵接部的基础上还具有凹状的斜槽部,该斜槽部在内侧具有倾斜面,并且在将所述框部的第二端部侧嵌入的状态下由所述抵接部对其进行保持,同时将所述透析盒沿着所述插入方向引导到所述透析盒安装部内。 [0014] Preferably, the cassette wall portion constituting the frame portion by a portion for the heating can be detachably mounted, is provided on the first inclined surface portion of the stopper pin by the frame the inner portion of the first end portion side of the contact portion, and the cassette in the insertion direction into said inner cassette mounting portion, and, on the second stop pin, the abutment based on a portion further having a concave portion of the chute, the chute portion has an inclined surface on the inside, and at the second end of the frame portion side of the fitted state is held by the abutment portion thereof , the cassette while guided along the insertion direction of the cassette into the mounting portion.

[0015]根据上述结构,使用透析盒的框部,能够使患者等使用自动腹膜透析装置的人,将在透析时新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确设置位置上。 [0015] According to the above structure, the frame portion of the cassette can be made such as a patient using an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus person, the cassette will be newly used in dialysis smoothly mounted to the correct set position within the cassette mounting portion.

[0016]优选的是,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销通过连结部件相互连结,并保持为,在将所述透析盒向所述透析盒安装部插入时,若被所述框部的插入前端部推压,则能够以所述连结部件为中心旋转,当将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上时,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销对所述透析盒的插入后端部进行保持。 [0016] Preferably, the first stop and the second stop pin coupled to each other through the connecting pin member, and is held in the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the insertion portion, if they are the inserting the distal end portion of the pressing portion of the frame, it is possible to the connecting member is rotated, the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the mounting portion, the first stop and the second stop pin pin inserting the rear end portion of the cassette holds.

[0017]根据上述结构,当透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时,由于框部的插入前端部推压第一止动销和第二止动销,使其旋转而下降,所以能够改善透析盒的插入性,当透析盒安装到透析盒安装部上时,第一止动销和第二止动销能够可靠地对透析盒的插入后端部进行保持。 [0017] According to the above configuration, when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion, since the distal end portion of the insertion portion pressing the first frame and the second stopper pin stop pin, rotated and lowered, it is possible to improve the insertion of the cassette resistance, when the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the mounting portion, the first stop and the second stop pin pin can be securely inserted into the rear end of the cassette holding portion.

[0018]优选的是,本发明的自动腹膜透析装置具有操作部件,用于在将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上,且所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销对所述透析盒的所述插入后端部进行保持的状态下,通过按压该操作部件而抵抗弹压力,使所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销从所述透析盒的所述插入后端部脱离。 [0018] Preferably, automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the present invention has an operating member for the cassette mounted to the cassette mounting portion and the first stop and the second stop pin pin the lower the rear end portion inserted into the cassette holding state, the operation of the pressing member against the biasing force by the first stop and the second stop pin pin from the dialysis cartridge from the rear end of the insertion portion.

[0019]根据上述结构,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销使用操作部件从透析盒的插入后端部脱离,能够使透析盒简单地从透析盒安装部取出。 [0019] According to the above structure, the first stop and the second stop pin using the pin insertion operation member is disengaged from the rear end portion of the cassette, so that the cassette can be easily taken out of the cassette mounting portion.

[0020]优选的是,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销分别具有正面部,所述正面部为了在将所述透析盒向所述透析盒安装部插入时推抵所述框部的所述插入前端部,而沿着所述透析盒的所述插入方向倾斜。 [0020] Preferably, the first stop and the second stop pin each pin has a front portion, said front portion in the cassette to the cassette to push against the said dialysis unit when inserted into the mounting frame the distal portion of the insertion portion, and along the cassette insertion direction of the inclination.

[0021]根据上述构造,在透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时,第一止动销的正面部和第二止动销的正面部通过推抵框部的所述插入前端部,能够易于下降,因此能够进一步改善透析盒的插入性。 [0021] According to the above configuration, when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion, a front portion and a second portion of the stopper pin of the first front stopper pin is inserted through the distal end portion of the pushing portion of the frame, it can be easily decreased, and therefore It can be further improved insertion of the cassette.

[0022]优选的是,所述透析盒具有延长部,所述延长部在所述框部的所述第二端部侧,向与所述插入方向垂直的侧方向突出地形成,用于将连接在所述透析盒内的所述透析液流路上的输液管导出到所述透析盒的外侧, [0022] Preferably, the cassette has an extension portion, the extension portion of the frame portion of the second end portion side is formed to protrude toward a direction perpendicular to the insertion direction, for the dialysis cartridge is connected to the dialysate flow path of the infusion tube being led to the outside of the cassette,

[0023]在所述透析盒安装部上形成有侧面侧的开口部,用于引导所述延长部并将所述输液管导出到透析盒安装部的外侧,还具有挡板,用于在所述延长部安装到所述透析盒安装部之前的状态下,关闭所述开口部且封闭所述第二止动销附近的空间,并在将所述透析盒向所述透析盒安装部插入时,由于被所述延长部推压而将所述开口部打开 [0023] is formed on the cassette mounting portion of the side surface side opening portion, for guiding the extension portion of the infusion tube and exported to the outside of the cassette mounting portion further includes a shutter for the said extension portion is mounted to the cassette mounting portion in a state before closing the opening portion and closing the second space near the stop pin, and the dialysis cartridge is mounted to the cassette insertion portion, Since the extension portion is pushed to open the opening portion

[0024]根据上述结构,在透析盒安装到透析盒安装部之前,挡板关闭开口部且封闭所述第二止动销附近的空间,因此能够防止透析患者想要将透析盒靠近第二止动销附近的空间地插入。 [0024] According to the above configuration, the cassette before the cassette is mounted to the mounting portion, the shutter is closed and the closed space near the opening portion of the second stop pin, can be prevented dialysis patients want to close the second cassette detent pin space near inserted. 而且,当透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时,透析盒的延长部通过推压挡板来打开开口部,能够从透析盒的延长部通过开口部而导出输液管。 Further, when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion, the extension portion of the cassette to open the shutter by pushing the opening portion, the infusion tube can be derived from the extension portion of the cassette through the opening portion.

[0025]发明的效果 [0025] Effect of the Invention

[0026]本发明能够提供一种使患者等使用自动腹膜透析装置的人方便使用的自动腹膜透析装置。 [0026] The present invention can provide an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, etc. using an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus easy to use man. 具体地,能够提供一种如下的方便使用的自动腹膜透析装置,能够将在透析时新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确的设置位置上,从而能够改善透析盒的插入性。 In particular, it is possible to facilitate the use of automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus as follows, the cassette can be newly used in dialysis smoothly into the correct installation position in the cassette mounting portion, it is possible to improve the insertion of the cassette .

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0027]图1是表示将本发明的自动腹膜透析装置的优选实施方式的透析盒安装部的盖部件关闭了的状态的立体图。 [0027] FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the cover member of the cassette mounting portion of the preferred embodiment of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the present invention is a closed state.

[0028]图2是表示将本发明的自动腹膜透析装置的优选实施方式的透析盒安装部的盖部件打开了的状态的立体图。 [0028] FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the cover member of the cassette preferred embodiment of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the present invention, the mounting portion of the open state.

[0029]图3是表示下壳体部与透析盒的优选示例的立体图。 [0029] FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a preferred example of the lower housing portion and the cassette.

[°03°]图4是放大表不图2和图3所不的下壳体部的局部的立体图。 [° 03 °] Table 4 is an enlarged partial perspective view of FIG. 2 and 3, the lower housing portion does not in FIG. FIG.

[0031]图5是放大表示图2所示的透析盒安装部的构造的立体图。 [0031] FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view showing a structure of the cassette mounting portion shown in FIG.

[0032]图6是从其他角度观察到的透析盒安装部的构造的立体图。 [0032] FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a structure of the cassette mounting portion viewed from other angles to.

[0033]图7是表示透析盒安装部的构造示例且省略了中间部的主视图。 [0033] FIG. 7 shows a configuration example of the cassette mounting portion and front view illustrating the intermediate portion.

[0034]图8是表示第一止动销和第二止动销的形状示例的图。 [0034] FIG. 8 is a diagram showing the first stop pin and a second example of the shape of the stopper pin.

[0035]图9是表示第一止动销和第二止动销的动作机构部的构造示例和动作的图。 [0035] FIG. 9 is a diagram showing a first configuration example of FIG detent pin and the operation of the operation mechanism portion and a second stop pin.

[0036]图10是透析盒的俯视图。 [0036] FIG. 10 is a plan view of the cassette.

[0037]图11是透析盒的仰视图。 [0037] FIG. 11 is a bottom view of the cassette.

[0038]图12是表示透析盒的内部构造的立体图。 [0038] FIG. 12 is a perspective view showing the internal structure of the cassette.

[0039]图13是表示自动腹膜透析装置的功能的框图。 [0039] FIG. 13 is a functional block diagram of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus.

[0040]图14是表示自动腹膜透析装置的电连接示例的框图。 [0040] FIG. 14 is a block diagram showing an electrical connector automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of example.

[0041]图15是表示设在本发明的实施方式的自动腹膜透析装置上的透析盒安装部的主视图。 [0041] FIG. 15 is a front view of a cassette mounting portion of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus provided in the embodiment of the present invention.

[0042]图16是表示透析盒安装到透析盒安装部内的状态的立体图。 [0042] FIG. 16 is a perspective view showing a state in the cassette mounting portion is mounted to the cassette.

[0043]图17是表示透析盒的一方的薄膜状的加热部与另一方的薄膜状的加热部的构造示例和透析盒已被使用检测部的图。 [0043] FIG. 17 shows a configuration example of the cassette and the film-like heating portion of the film-like heating portion of the cassette and the other one is already in use detection unit of FIG.

[0044]图18是表示自动腹膜透析装置的气压回路的图。 [0044] FIG. 18 is a diagram showing the pneumatic circuit automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus.

[0045 ]图19是表示图18的阀的构造示例的剖视图。 [0045] FIG. 19 is a sectional view of the valve configuration example of FIG 18 FIG.

[0046]图20是表示过滤器的构造示例的图。 [0046] FIG. 20 is a diagram showing a configuration example of a filter.

[0047]图21是表示开始开关和停止开关的立体图。 [0047] FIG. 21 is a perspective view showing a start switch and a stop switch of FIG.

[0048]图22是图21的AA线的开始开关和停止开关的剖视图。 [0048] FIG. 22 is a sectional view of a start switch and a stop switch 21 of the line AA in FIG.

[0049]图23是表示开始开关和停止开关的组装示例的图。 [0049] FIG. 23 is a start switch and a stop switch of the exemplary assembly of FIG.

[0050]图24是表示在开始开关和停止开关中所设定的间隙尺寸与触击感的关系例的图。 [0050] FIG. 24 is a gap dimension in a start switch and stop switch set in the click feeling and the relationship of FIG embodiment. [0051 ] 附图标记说明 [0051] REFERENCE NUMERALS

[0052] 1...自动腹膜透析装置,2...上壳体部,3...下壳体部,4...显示部,9A〜9F...标引突起部,11...开始开关,12...停止开关,20...透析盒安装部,21...盖部件,30...主体,31...第一止动销,32...第二止动销,35...作为操作部件的操作旋钮,50...第一止动销和第二止动销的动作机构部,100...透析盒,100M...透析盒的插入前端部,100N...透析盒的插入后端部,101...透析盒的第一壳体部,102...透析盒的第二壳体部,103...栗部,104A、104B...加热部,105...输液管流路的切换部,105A〜105G...透析液的流路,200...控制部,220...透析盒已经被使用检测部,401...条形码阅读器,900...透析液回路,SS...透析盒的插入方向,SP...透析盒插入用的空间部 [0052] 1 ... automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, 2 ... upper housing part, the lower housing portion 3 ... 4 ... display unit, 9A~9F ... indexing protrusion 11. .. start switch, a stop switch 12 ..., 20 ... cassette mounting portion, 21 ... cover member, 30 ... main body, 31 ... first stopper pin, 32 ... second stop pin, 35 ... operation knob as the operation member, 50 ... stopper pin first portion and the second operation mechanism of the stop pin, the cassette 100 ..., 100M ... insertion front end portion of the cassette, 100N ... rear end portion of the cassette is inserted, the first housing portion of the cassette 101 ..., 102 ... the second portion of the cassette housing, 103 ... Li portions, 104A, 104B ... a heating unit, 105 ... switching portion of the infusion tube passage, 105A~105G ... dialysate flow path, 200 ... control section, 220 ... has been used for detecting the cassette unit, 401 ... bar code reader, 900 ... dialysate circuit, the SS ... of the cassette inserting direction, the SP ... insertion space portion of the cassette

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0053]下面,参照附图具体说明本发明的优选实施方式。 [0053] Next, the embodiment described in detail preferred embodiments of the present invention with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0054]另外,以下所述的实施方式由于是本发明的适合的具体示例,所以被付与在技术性上优选的多种限定,但是本发明的范围并不限于在以下的说明中对本发明进行特别限定的意思的记载,并且也不限于这些方式。 [0054] Further, because the embodiments described below are suitable specific examples of the present invention, it is preferable to pay more defined in the technical, but the scope of the present invention is not limited in particular be present in the following description of the invention defined meaning described, and is not limited to these methods. 图1和图2是表示本发明的自动腹膜透析装置的优选实施方式的立体图,图1是表示将自动腹膜透析装置的透析盒安装部的盖部件关闭了的状态的立体图,图2是表示将自动腹膜透析装置的透析盒安装部的盖部件打开了的状态的立体图,图3是表示下壳体部3与透析盒100的优选示例的立体图。 1 and FIG. 2 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus according to the present invention, FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a lid member of the cassette mounting portion of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus closed state, FIG. 2 is a a perspective view of the lid member of the cassette mounting portion of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus open state, FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a lower housing portion 3 with the preferred exemplary cassette 100.

[0055]图1和图2所示的自动腹膜透析装置I具有上壳体部2和下壳体部3,在没有安装透析盒100的情况下重量较轻为9kg。 Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus shown in [0055] Figures 1 and 2 I portion 2 has an upper housing and a lower housing portion 3, in the case where the cassette 100 is not mounted to lighter 9kg. 上壳体部2与下壳体部3分别是例如由塑料制成的箱型部件。 Upper housing portion 2 and 3 are box-shaped member, for example, the lower housing part made of plastic. 上壳体部2具有前面部4、上面部5、左右的侧面部6、7和背面部8,该上壳体部2覆盖下壳体部3的上部。 Upper housing portion 2 has a front portion 4, the upper portion 5, the side surface portions 6, 7, 8 and the rear portion of the left and right, upper casing 2 covering the lower portion of the upper housing portion 3. 考虑到透析患者的使用并为了使显示部10易于观察,前面部4以角度Θ倾斜地形成,使得开始开关11和停止开关12易于操作。 Considering the use of a dialysis patient and to easily observe the display unit 10, the front portion 4 is inclined at an angle Θ formed, so that the start switch 11 and stop switch 12 is easy to operate. 在前面部4的中间部分上配置有显示部10。 A display unit 10 disposed on the intermediate portion of the front face 4. 透析患者是使用该自动腹膜透析装置I的使用者的一例。 Dialysis patients is an example of a user of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I used.

[0056]该显示部10是用于进行确认的部分,将信息可视地通知给透析患者等用户或者输入必要的透析条件。 [0056] The display unit 10 is a portion for confirming the information visually notified to the user or the like dialysis patients enter the necessary conditions for the dialysis. 例如,通知自动腹膜透析装置I的动作状态,或者作为输入各种腹膜透析条件的触摸面板式的设定输入部而发挥作用。 For example, automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus notifies the operating state I, or a setting input unit for inputting various touch panel type peritoneal dialysis conditions play a role. 在此,动作状态是指,例如向腹腔中注入腹膜透析液的注入处理、相反地从腹腔中将腹膜透析液排液的排液处理的实施过程中的情况,或透析处理的结束等的状态。 Here, the operation state is a state, for example, treatment of injecting into the peritoneal dialysis fluid in the abdominal cavity, opposite from the liquid discharge implementation of a processing solution in the peritoneal cavity of peritoneal dialysis fluid in the case of discharge, the end of the dialysis treatment or the like state .

[0057]显示部10能够采用例如透析患者能够用手指触摸操作地进行各种操作的液晶显示装置或有机EL显示装置等,在显示部10的画面上设有多个图标1A〜1F,该图标1A〜1F例如是尺寸比较大且易于操作的触摸操作式。 [0057] The display unit 10 can be employed, for example, dialysis patients can be touched by a finger operation of various operations of the liquid crystal display device or an organic EL display device or the like, is provided with a plurality of icons on the screen of the display unit 1A~1F 10, the icon 1A~1F, for example, a relatively large size and easy to operate the touch-operated. 图标1A例如是用于使操作返回至前一状态的“返回”图标10A,还设有“确认”图标1B和透析条件设定用的图标1C〜1F等。 1A, for example, the icon for the operation returns to the previous state of the "RETURN" icon 10A, also has a "Confirm" icon 1C~1F 1B and dialysis icon setting conditions and the like. 这些图标的大小和数量能够任意地设定。 The size and number of these icons can be set arbitrarily.

[0058]图1和图2所示的前面部4具有倾斜部分4A〜4D,倾斜部分4A〜4D形成在显示部10的周围。 [0058] The front portion shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 24 has an inclined portion 4A~4D, 4A~4D inclined portion is formed around the display unit 10. 由此,显示部10配置在从前面部4的表面稍微凹入的位置上。 Thereby, the display unit 10 arranged in the front surface portion 4 at a position slightly recessed. 在图1和图2的例中,在上侧的倾斜部分4A上,在与图标1D〜1F对应的位置上形成有标引突起部9D〜9F。 In the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2, on the upper side of the inclined portion. 4A, is formed at a position corresponding to the icon on which 1D~1F indexing protrusion 9D~9F. 同样地,在下侧倾斜部分4C上,在与具有触摸面板功能的图标1A〜1C对应的位置上形成有标引突起部9A〜9C。 Similarly, the lower inclined portion. 4C, there 9A~9C indexing protrusion at a position corresponding to the icon 1A~1C having a touch panel function. 这些标引突起部9A〜9F是表示图标1A〜1F分别位于显示部10的画面上的哪个位置的部件,即使在例如透析患者为近视或失明的状态下,透析患者也能够通过触摸这些标引突起部9A〜9F来确认显示部10的画面上的图标1A〜1F的位置。 The indexing projection portion is an icon 1A~1F 9A~9F member which are located at positions on the screen of the display unit 10, even in a case such as dialysis patients myopia or blind state, it is possible to dialysis patients by touching the index 9A~9F protrusion icon to confirm the position on the screen of the display unit 10 1A~1F.

[0059]此外,图1和图2所示的标引突起部9A〜9F例如为正方体形状的突起,但并不限于此,也可以采用其他形状。 [0059] Further, FIG indexing projection portion shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 9A~9F rectangular parallelepiped shape, for example a protrusion, but are not limited to this, other shapes may be used. 另外,标引突起部9A〜9F还可以采用表示各图标1A〜1F的内容的“盲文”来代替这样的单纯形状。 Further, indexing protrusion 9A~9F represent the respective icons may also be employed 1A~1F content "Meeting" in place of such a simple shape.

[0060]如图1和图2所示,在前面部4上,在(朝向)显示部10的右侧位置上配置有开始开关11,在(朝向)显示部10的左侧位置上配置有停止开关12。 [0060] FIGS. 1 and 2, the front face 4, the right side position (orientation) of the display unit 10 disposed on the start switch 11, shown in (toward) the position of the left side portion 10 is disposed on the stop switch 12. 由于这些开始开关11和停止开关12为特别重要的开关,所以没有设在显示部10的画面上,如后述说明的那样地形成为其他方式的较大尺寸,使得透析患者能够直接机械性操作并感觉到触击感(发出喀哒声)。 Since these start switch 11 and stop switch 12 are particularly important to the switch, it is not provided on the screen of the display unit 10, as later explained otherwise formed into a larger size, so that the dialysis patient can be direct mechanical operation and feel a sense of strike (clicks). 开始开关11具有信号灯11L,停止开关12具有信号灯12L。 Having a start switch 11 lights 11L, stop switch 12 has a light 12L.

[0061 ]图2所示的下壳体部3具有透析盒安装部20,能够供图3所示的平板状的透析盒100以手动装拆自如地安装。 A plate-like lower housing part of the cassette shown in [0061] Figures 2 and 3 has a cassette mounting portion 20, shown in Figure 3 can be 100 for manually detachably mounted. 下壳体部3具有左侧面部22、右侧面部23、背面部24和底面部25。 The lower housing portion 3 has a left side surface portion 22, a right side face 23, the rear surface portion 24 and bottom portion 25. 透析盒安装部20在前面侧上具有大致长方形的能够开闭的盖部件21。 Cassette mounting portion 20 has a substantially rectangular lid member can be opened and closed on the front side 21. 该盖部件21通过用两侧的铰链26在R方向上开闭,而能够使透析盒安装部20露出。 The cover member 21 is exposed through both sides of the hinge 26 in a closing direction R, it is possible to make the cassette mounting portion 20. 图3所示的透析盒100的具体构造后述进行说明。 Cassette shown in Figure 3 after a specific configuration 100 will be described later.

[0062]图4是放大表不图2所不的下壳体部3的一部分3P的立体图。 [0062] FIG. 4 is an enlarged perspective view of the table in FIG. 2 does not lower portion of the housing portion 3 3P.

[0063]如图4所示,长方形的开口部27在下壳体部3的右侧面部23上,沿着进深方向Y形成在上壳体部2的右侧面部7的下端部的位置上。 [0063] As shown, the lower housing portion 27 rectangular opening portion 23 on the right side face 3 along the depth direction Y is formed in the lower end portion of the right side of the upper housing portion 2 on the face 7 4. 在如图2所示地透析盒100没有安装到透析盒安装部20内时,该开口部27以图2和图3的状态被挡板28封闭。 When the cassette 100 is not mounted to the cassette mounting portion 20 as shown in FIG. 2, the opening portion 27 in a state of FIGS. 2 and 3 are closed baffle 28. 该挡板28以能够沿着进深方向Y滑动的方式保持在右侧面部23的内侧,如图4所示,例如用手指F使该挡板28以抵抗未图示的弹力的方式向Yl方向滑动地后退,则能够形成开口部27。 The baffle plate so as to be slidable along the Y direction with the depth 28 held inside the right side surface 23, as shown in FIG. 4, for example with a finger F so that the shutter 28 against the spring force in a manner not shown the direction Yl slidably retracted, the opening portion 27 can be formed. 但是,在实际上,在将透析盒100安装到透析盒安装部20内时,该挡板28被图3所示的透析盒100的延长部109、113用端部向图4的Yl方向推压,从而向Yl方向滑动地后退,从而形成开口部27。 However, in practice, when the cassette 100 is mounted to the cassette mounting portion 20, the shutter portion 28 is extended as shown in FIG. 3 of the cassette 100 with the end portions 109, 113 push the direction Yl of FIG. 4 pressure, so that the sliding backward direction Yl so as to form an opening portion 27.

[0064]如图4和图3所示,该挡板28具有抵接面部28A,该抵接面部28A如图5所示地沿着宽度方向X的Xl方向而向透析盒插入用的空间部SP内突出,抵接面部28A被设置成与右侧面部23大致呈直角,视觉上覆盖透析盒插入用的空间部SP的右侧部分,即靠近挡板28的位置PR。 [0064] As shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, the shutter 28 has a contact surface 28A, and the abutting portion space toward the cassette insertion direction X Xl width direction portion 28A as shown in FIG. 5 SP inner projection, the contact face 28A is disposed to the right side surface portion 23 substantially at a right angle to cover the right side portion of the space portion SP cassette insertion visually, i.e., a position close to the shutter 28 PR.

[0065]这样,通过使挡板28具有视觉上覆盖靠近挡板28的位置PR的抵接面部28A,从而如图3和图5所示,当透析患者想要将透析盒100沿着插入方向SS安装到透析盒安装部20的透析盒插入用的空间部SP内时,由于抵接面部28A的存在而具有能够在视觉上进行防护的优点,使得透析患者不会将透析盒100向作为透析盒插入用的空间部SP的右侧部分的靠挡板28的位置,即图3和图4所示的未预定的靠右侧的位置PR插入,也就是说不会向非意图的靠右侧的位置PR插入。 [0065] Thus, by having the shutter 28 covers a position close to the shutter 28 PR visually abutting surface 28A, so that, when the patient wants to dialysis cassette 100 along the insertion direction in FIG. 3 and FIG. 5 SS cassette mounted to the cassette mounting portion 20 is inserted within the space portion SP use, since the presence of the abutting surface 28A, and has the advantage of visually for protection, so that dialysis patients will not be as dialysis cassette 100 to right portion of the space portion SP is a position of the cassette insertion flap 28, i.e., FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 are not shown in a predetermined PR on the right of the insertion, i.e. the right not to unintended PR insertion position side. [ΟΟόό]下面,参照图2〜图6说明透析盒安装部20的构造示例。 [ΟΟόό] Next, with reference to FIG. 2 ~ 6 illustrates an exemplary configuration of the cassette mounting portion 20.

[0067]图5是放大表示图2所示的透析盒安装部20的构造的立体图,图6是从其他角度观察到的该透析盒安装部20的构造的立体图。 [0067] FIG. 5 is an enlarged perspective view showing a structure of the cassette mounting portion 20 shown in FIG. 2, FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a structure of the cassette mounting portion viewed from other angles to 20. 图7是表示透析盒安装部20的构造示例的主视图。 FIG. 7 is a front view showing an example of configuration of the cassette mounting portion 20.

[0068]如图2和图6所示,为了将盖部件21在R方向上开闭,盖部件21具有切缺状的扣手部分29。 [0068] As shown in FIG. 2 and FIG. 6, for opening and closing the lid member 21 in the R direction, the cap-like member 21 having a cutout portion 29 snap hand.

[0069]如图3、图5和图6所示,透析盒安装部20具有如下功能:在透析盒插入用的空间部SP内,将图3所示的构造的透析盒100顺畅地插入而固定到预先规定的正确的设置位置上。 [0069] Figures 3, 5 and 6, the cassette mounting portion 20 has a function: in the space portion SP of the cassette insertion, the configuration shown in FIG. 3 of the cassette 100 is smoothly inserted into the fixed to the correct installation position predetermined on.

[0070]如图5和图6所示,透析盒安装部20具有主体30、第一止动销31、第二止动销32和罩板33。 [0070] As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the cassette mounting portion 20 has a body 30, a first stopper pin 31, the second stopper pin 32 and the cover plate 33. 主体30和罩板33是例如金属制的部件,主体30是将板状的金属板折曲而形成的部件。 Body 30 and the cover plate 33 is made of, for example, a metal member, the body member 30 is a plate-shaped metal plate formed by bending. 第一止动销31和第二止动销32例如是塑料制,由于这些第一止动销31和第二止动销32具有与图3所示的塑料制的透析盒100直接接触而引导透析盒100的动作的功能,所以为了不对透析盒100侧造成损伤,而由塑料制成。 A first stopper pin 31 and the second stopper pin 32, for example made of plastic, since the first stopper and the second stopper pin 31 having a pin 32 shown in FIG. 3 plastic cassette 100 in direct contact with the cassette guide 100 operation function, in order not to damage the cassette 100 side, and is made of plastic.

[0071]如图5和图6所示,第一止动销31配置在(朝向)主体30的左端部位置上,第一止动销31从主体30的上部孔部30G向ZI方向突出。 As shown in [0071] FIGS. 5 and 6, the first stopper pin 31 is disposed at the left end position (orientation) of the body 30, the first stop pin 31 projecting from the upper hole portion 30G body 30 toward ZI direction. 另外,第二止动销32配置在(朝向)主体30的右端部位置上,第二止动销32从主体30的上部孔部30Η向Zl方向突出。 Further, the second stopper pin 32 disposed at the right end position (orientation) of the body 30, the second stop pin projecting from the upper hole 32 30Η body portion 30 toward the direction Zl. 主体30中的这些左右的上部孔部30G、30H之间的部分成为用于引导图3所示的透析盒100的底面部的引导平面部34。 An upper hole portion 30G in the left and right main body 30, the guide portion between the flat portion 30H becomes the bottom surface portion of the cassette guide shown in FIG. 3 for the 34 100. 在主体30的左侧的前面突出地设有作为操作部件的操作旋钮35。 In the front left side of the body 30 provided as a projecting operation knob 35 of the operating member.

[0072 ] 在此,参照图7和图8说明第一止动销31和第二止动销32的形状示例。 [0072] Here, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 8, the first stop 31 and second stop pin 32 of the exemplary pin shape. 图7是表示透析盒安装部20的构造示例且省略了中间部的主视图,图8是表示第一止动销31和第二止动销32的形状示例的图。 FIG. 7 shows an example of configuration of the cassette mounting portion 20 and the intermediate portion is omitted front view, and FIG. 8 is a diagram showing a shape example of the first stopper and the second stopper pin 31 of the pin 32.

[0073]在图8(A)和图7中用实线表示的第一止动销31位于主体30的左端部,如图8(A)所示,具有止动部件41和连接部43。 [0073] In the first stopper pin of FIG 8 (A) and FIG. 7 indicated by a solid line at the left end portion 31 of the body 30, as shown in FIG 8 (A), includes a stopper member 41 and the connecting portion 43. 止动部件41形成为大致山形,具有顶面部41A、左右的斜面部41B、41C和正面部41D。 The stopper member 41 is formed into a substantially mountain-shaped, having a top surface 41A, the left and right inclined surface portion 41B, 41C and a front portion 41D. 左右的斜面部41B、41C例如以45度的角度Θ1倾斜。 Left and right slant portions 41B, 41C for example, the inclination angle of 45 degrees Θ1.

[0074]斜面部41C用于引导后述说明的透析盒100的引导对象部分。 [0074] The inclined surface portion 41C rear guide portion for guiding an object described later cassette 100.

[0075]正面部41D如图7所示地以倾斜角度Θ3倾斜地形成,使得图3的透析盒100易于向插入方向SS(与Yl方向平行)插入。 [0075] FIG front portion 41D is formed at an oblique inclination angle Θ3 as shown in 7, so that the cassette 3 in FIG 100 easy insertion direction SS (parallel to the direction Yl) is inserted. 图8(A)所示的连结部43连结在金属的连结轴45上。 FIG 8 (A) connecting portion 43 shown coupled to the connecting shaft 45 metal.

[0076]在图8(B)和图7中用实线表示的第二止动销32位于(朝向)主体30的右端部,如图8(B)所示,具有止动部件42和连接部44。 [0076] The second stopper pin in FIG. 8 (B) and FIG. 7 by a solid line at the right end portion 32, 30 (direction) of the body, and the connecting portions 8 (B), having a stop member 42 in FIG. 44. 止动部件42具有第一凸部46、第二凸部47和斜槽部48。 A first stopper member 42 having a convex portion 46, a second chute section 47 and the convex portions 48. 第一凸部46具有顶面部46A、左右的斜面部46B、46C、正面部46D和背面部46E。 The first convex portion 46 having a top surface 46A, the left and right inclined surface portion 46B, 46C, 46D front portion and a back portion 46E. 第二凸部47具有顶面部47A、大致垂直的立起部47B、斜面部47C,还具有正面部47D和背面部47E,其中,立起部47B作为相对于透析盒侧的壁部或者框部从外侧抵接的抵接部。 Second convex portion 47 having a top portion 47A, a substantially vertical rising portion 47B, the inclined surface portion 47C, 47D also has a front portion and a back portion 47E, wherein, 47B with respect to a side wall portion of the cassette housing portion or the rising portion from the outer contact portion abutting contact.

[0077]斜面部46C和立起部47B形成凹状的斜槽部48,该斜槽部48用于引导后述说明的透析盒100的引导对象部分。 [0077] The inclined surface portion 46C and the rising portion 47B is formed the concave portion 48 of the chute, the chute portion 48 for guiding the rear guide target portion of the cassette 100 described later of.

[0078]正面部46D、47D如图7所示地分别以倾斜角度Θ5、Θ6倾斜地形成,使得图3的透析盒100易于向插入方向SS(与Yl方向平行)插入。 [0078] The front portion 46D, as shown in the FIG. 7 47D at an inclination angle Θ5, Θ6 obliquely formed, so that the cassette 3 in FIG 100 easy insertion direction SS (parallel to the direction Yl) is inserted. 图8(B)所示的连结部44连结在金属的连结轴45上。 FIG. 8 (B) connecting portions 44 shown coupled to the connecting shaft 45 metal.

[0079] 这样,第一止动销31的正面部41D和第二止动销32的正面部46D、47D形成为,能够在将透析盒100向透析盒安装部20插入时,与透析盒100的框部的插入前端部接触而使压下第一止动销31和第二止动销32的动作容易地进行,图7所示的倾斜角度Θ3、Θ5、Θ6是相同的角度,这些角度的开始位置从线BL开始。 Front portion 41D and a front portion of the second stop pin 32 of the [0079] Thus, the first stop pin 31 of the 46D, 47D is formed as possible when the 100 to the cassette mounting portion of the cassette 20 is inserted, the cassette frame 100 the distal end portion of the insertion portion in contact with the first stop pin 31 is depressed and the operation of the second stopper pin 32 is easily performed, the inclination angle shown in FIG. 7 Θ3, Θ5, Θ6 is the same angle, the angle from the start position line BL begins.

[0080]图9表示第一止动销31和第二止动销32的动作机构部50的构造示例和动作。 [0080] FIG. 9 shows a configuration example of a first detent pin section 31 and the operation of the operation mechanism and the second stop 50 of the pin 32. 参照图9说明第一止动销31和第二止动销32的动作机构部50的构造 Referring to FIG 9 illustrates a first configuration of operation mechanism portion 31 and the second stopper pin 32 of the stopper pin 50

[0081 ]图9所示的动作机构部50具有操作旋钮35、滑动部件51、连结轴45、弹簧52和引导板53。 [0081] FIG 9 the operation mechanism unit 50 has an operating knob shown in FIG. 35, the slide member 51, the connecting shaft 45, spring 52 and the guide plate 53. 操作旋钮35固定在滑动部件51的一端部,弹簧52配置在滑动部件51的另一端部。 Operation knob 35 is fixed at an end portion of the slide member 51, the spring 52 is disposed at the other end of the sliding member 51. 如图7和图8所示,连结轴45将第一止动销31和第二止动销32连结,在连结轴45上具有连结在滑动部件51的中间位置上的连结部件54。 7 and 8, the connecting shaft 45 of the first stopper and the second stopper pin 31 connected to pin 32, having a connecting member connecting the intermediate position of the sliding member 51 on the shaft 45 in the coupling 54 连结部件54连结在滑动部件51的固定部件55上。 Coupling member 54 coupled to the fixing member 55 of the slide member 51. 滑动部件51与透析盒100的插入方向SS(Y1方向)平行地配置。 Configuring the insertion direction of the slide member 51 and the cassette 100 SS (Y1 direction) in parallel. 引导板53是以将透析盒100承载的状态在插入方向SS(Y1方向)上进行引导的水平的透析盒搭载部件。 The guide plate 53 is carried by the state of the cassette 100 in the insertion direction SS (Y1 direction) of the horizontal guide member mounted on the cassette.

[0082]图9(A)所示的状态是新的透析盒100插入之前的状态,第一止动销31和第二止动销32比引导板53和主体30的位置更向Zl方向突出。 [0082] FIG. 9 (A) is in the state shown in a state before insertion of a new cassette 100, the first stopper pin 31 and the second stopper pin 32 than the guide plate 53 and the position of the body 30 protrudes more Zl direction.

[0083]在图9(B)所示的状态中,透析患者通过将透析盒100朝着引导板53侧地推向插入方向SS,从而使第一止动销31与第二止动销32被透析盒100的插入前端部100M和底部推压,而以连结轴45为旋转中心地向Z2方向,以抵抗弹簧52的弹力的方式被压下。 [0083] In the state shown in FIG. 9 (B), the dialysis patient through the cassette inserting direction toward the SS 100 toward the guide plate 53 side, so that the stopper pin 31 is a first and a second dialysis stop pin 32 inserting the distal end portion and a bottom pressing 100M cartridge 100, and the connection shaft 45 as a rotation center of the Z2 direction against the elastic force of the spring 52 is depressed manner.

[0084]而且,如图9(C)所示,当透析盒100插入并完全盛载在引导板53上时,第一止动销31和第二止动销32由透析盒100的底部释放,通过弹簧52的弹力向Zl方向弹起,从而使透析盒100的插入后端部100N被第一止动销31和第二止动销32抵接,使得透析盒100无法向与插入方向SS相反的方向后退。 [0084] Further, as shown in FIG. 9 (C), when the cassette 100 is inserted and completely contained on the guide plate 53, a first stopper pin 31 and the second stopper pin 32 is released from the bottom of the cassette 100 by the force of the spring 52 to bounce Zl direction, so that the cassette is first inserted into the rear end portion 100N stopper pin 31 and the second pin 32 abuts against the stopper 100, so that the cassette 100 can not be retracted to the insertion direction opposite to the direction SS .

[0085]接下来,在图9(D)所示的状态中,当透析患者将操作旋钮35向Yl方向推,同时想要将被已被使用的透析盒100向取出方向SSR取出时,抵抗弹簧52的弹力地将第一止动销31和第二止动销32强制地压下。 [0085] Next, in the state shown in FIG. 9 (D), when the operation knob 35 dialysis patients push the Yl direction while want to be used in the cassette has been removed in the removal direction 100 SSR, the resistance the elastic force of the spring 52 of the pin 31 of the first stopper and the second stopper pin 32 is forcibly pressed down. 由此,该已被使用的透析盒100不会被第一止动销31和第二止动销32的存在所妨碍,能够如图9(E)所示地从透析盒安装部20内的引导板53上取出。 Thus, the cassette 100 has not been used by the first stopper pin 31 and the second stopper pin 32 is hindered by the presence, 9 (E) to the guide plate from the cassette mounting portion 20 can be as shown in FIG. 53 is removed. 在该情况下,操作旋钮35的位置根据弹簧52的弹力向Y2方向后退,从而能够退回到图9(A)所示的初期状态。 In this case, the position of the operating knob 35 is retracted in the Y2 direction in accordance with the force of the spring 52, it is possible to return to (A), an initial state in FIG. 9.

[0086]下面,参照图1O〜图12说明透析盒1 O的构造示例。 [0086] Next, with reference to FIG. 12 illustrates a configuration example 1O~ 1 O dialysis cartridge.

[0087]图10是透析盒100的俯视图,图11是透析盒100的仰视图。 [0087] FIG. 10 is a plan view of the cassette 100, FIG. 11 is a bottom view of the cassette 100. 图12是表示透析盒100的内部构造的立体图。 FIG 12 is a perspective view showing the internal structure of the cassette 100. 此外,在图12中表示了第一壳体部101的整体,但为了便于说明,只表示了第二壳体部102的下部。 Further, in FIG. 12 shows the entirety of the first housing portion 101, but for ease of illustration, only shows a lower portion 102 of the second housing.

[0088]如图10所示,透析盒100具有塑料制的第一壳体部101和第二壳体部102、栗部103、加热部104A、104B和输液管流路的切换部105。 [0088] As illustrated, the cassette 100 has a first housing portion 101 and 102 made of plastic, Li portion 103, heating portion 104A, 104B, and the second infusion tube flow path switching unit housing portion 10,510.

[0089] 如图11和图12所示,第一壳体部101具有面板部106、框部107、开口部108和延长部109。 [0089] As shown in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, the first housing portion 101 includes a panel portion 106, the frame portion 107, the opening portion 108 and the extension portion 109. 同样地,如图10所示,第二壳体部102具有面板部110、框部111、开口部112和延长部113。 Similarly, it is shown in Figure 10, the second housing portion 102 includes a panel section 110, the frame portion 111, the opening portion 112 and the extension portion 113. 面板部106和面板部110是重叠的部分,框部107和框部111是重叠的部分,延长部109和延长部113是重叠的部分。 Panel portion 106 and the panel section 110 is a portion that overlaps the frame 107 and the frame portion 111 is a portion overlapping portion, the extension portion 109 and the extension portion 113 is a portion overlapping.

[0090]当用图3说明的透析盒100向透析盒安装部20内插入时,框部107成为向下突出的垂下的壁部107A。 [0090] When the cassette 100 is inserted into the mounting portion 20 is an explanatory view of the cassette 3, as a wall frame portion 107 projecting downwardly hanging 107A.

[0091]如图10所示,第一壳体部101与第二壳体部102能够通过四个位置的连结部分114和三个位置的连结部分115,以能够装拆的方式相互固定,第一壳体部101与第二壳体部102能够根据需要地反复再利用。 [0091] 10, the first housing portion 101 and the second housing portion 102 connected to portion 115 through connecting portion 114 and a three position four positions, so as to be detachably fixed to each other, the first a housing portion 101 and the second housing portion 102 can be repeatedly reused as needed. 四个位置的连结部分114设在框部107和框部111上,三个位置的连结部分115设在透析盒100的插入后端部100N侧。 Connecting portion 114 provided at four positions on the frame portion 107 and frame portion 111, connecting portion 115 provided at three positions of the cassette 100 is inserted into the rear end portion of 100N.

[0092] 如图11和图12所示的三个位置的连结部分115,如图12所示地具有嵌入突起115A和嵌入凹部115B,在第二壳体部102侧上形成嵌入突起115A,在第一壳体部101侧上形成嵌入凹部115B,嵌入突起115A相对于嵌入凹部115B以能够装拆的方式嵌入。 [0092] 11 and the connecting portion 115 of the three positions shown in FIG. 12, FIG. 12 having the embedded projections 115A and 115B fitted into the recess, a protrusion 115A is formed on the embedded side of the second housing portion 102, the fitted into the recess 115B is formed, the protrusion 115A with 115B fitted as to be detachably fitted into the concave portion is fitted to the upper side of the first housing portion 101.

[0093]另外,图10所示的四个位置的连结部分114具有嵌入突起114A和嵌入凹部114B,在第二壳体部102侧上形成嵌入突起114A,在第一壳体部101侧上形成嵌入凹部114B,嵌入突起114A相对于嵌入凹部114B以能够装拆的方式嵌入。 [0093] Further, the link portion of the four positions shown in Figure 10 with the embedded protrusion 114 fitted into the recess 114A and 114B, the protrusion 114A fitted is formed on the side of the second housing portion 102, is formed on the side of the first housing portion 101 fitted into the concave portion 114B, 114A fitted with respect to the projection fitted into the recess so as to be detachably fitted 114B.

[0094]如图12所示,栗部103以夹在第一壳体部101的面板部106与第二壳体部102的面板部110之间的方式固定。 [0094] As shown, Li fixing portion 103 to be sandwiched between the panel 12 of the first housing portion 101 of the panel 106 and the second portion 110 of the housing portion 102 of the embodiment. 栗部103是如后述那样地产生用于输送腹膜透析液的驱动力的部分,如后述那样地使用有隔膜栗或间歇栗等。 Li is a partial section 103 generates driving force for transport of peritoneal dialysate as to be described later, as described later using diaphragm or intermittent Li Li and the like. 隔膜栗是指,被法兰部件以密闭状态收容且通过气压能够加压或减压的构造的栗。 Li separator means is a flange member, and housed in a sealed state by pressurizing or depressurizing the gas pressure can be Li configuration. 由此,隔膜栗为了输送腹膜透析液,若加压则收缩,若减压则膨胀。 Accordingly, the separator for transporting Li peritoneal dialysate, if the shrinkage pressure, if the pressure of the expansion.

[0095]如图12所示,输液管流路的切换部105位于第一壳体部101的面板部106与第二壳体部102的面板部110之间,以被夹着的方式固定在栗部103的旁边的位置上。 [0095] 12, the infusion tube flow path switching unit 105 is positioned between the first panel portion 101 of the housing portion 106 and the second housing portion 102, the panel portion 110, so as to be sandwiched between the fixed position 103 next to the Li.

[0096]输液管流路的切换部105通过用配置在图1所示的自动腹膜透析装置I的上壳体部2内的夹子,来按压配置在透析盒100内的透析液流路的中途部分,从而切换腹膜透析液的流路,而切换送液处理用或者排液处理用的流路。 The middle [0096] portion of the infusion tube switching flow path 105 by a clip disposed in the upper housing portion 2 in the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus shown in FIG. I, pressed cassette 100 disposed in the dialysate flow path portion, thereby switching the flow path of the peritoneal dialysis solution, while the flow channel switching processing liquid feed treated by or drainage. 后述具体说明该内容。 Description of the content later.

[0097]作为上述的栗部103和透析液流路和输液管等的构成材料,分别能够列举出:软质树脂;例如聚乙烯、聚丙烯、乙烯-丙烯共聚物、乙烯-乙酸乙烯脂共聚物(EVA)等的聚烯烃;聚氯乙烯、聚偏二氯乙烯、聚苯乙烯、聚酰胺、聚酰亚胺、聚-(4-甲基-1-戊烯)、离子交联聚合物、丙烯酸类树脂、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯(PET)、聚对苯二甲酸丁二酯(PBT)等的聚酯;苯乙烯类、聚烯烃类、聚氯乙烯类、聚氨酯类、聚酯类、聚酰胺类等的各种热塑性弹性体、有机硅树脂、聚氨酯等,或以它们为主的共聚物、混合物、聚合物合金等,还能够使用这些中的一种或者两种以上的组合(例如作为两层以上的叠层体)。 [0097] Li as a constituent material of the dialysate flow path portion 103 and the infusion tube and the like, can be cited are: the soft resin; such as polyethylene, polypropylene, ethylene - propylene copolymer, ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer the polyolefin composition (EVA) and the like; polyvinyl chloride, polyvinylidene chloride, polystyrene, polyamide, polyimide, poly - (4-methyl-1-pentene), ionomer , acrylic resins, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyester polyethylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and the like; styrene-based, polyolefin-based, polyvinyl chloride, polyurethanes, esters, polyamides such as various thermoplastic elastomers, silicone resin, polyurethane, etc., or they are based copolymers, blends, polymer alloys and the like, can also be used those of one or two or more composition (e.g. a laminate of two or more layers).

[0098]图12所示的输液管流路的切换部105较薄地形成为薄膜状,并具有流路105A〜1056。 Infusion tube passage switching portion shown in [0098] FIG. 12105 thin film formed in a shape and having a flow passage 105A~1056. 一方与另一方的透析液的加热部104六、1048形成为薄膜状,在开口部108、112内以能够装拆的方式配置。 And the other one of the heating portion 104 six dialysate, 1048 formed in a film shape as to be detachably disposed in the opening portion 108, 112. 在一方与另一方的透析液的加热部104A、104B上分别大致S字形连续地形成有供透析液通过的流路120。 On the heating portion 104A of the dialysate and the other one, 104B are substantially S-shape continuously formed with a passage 120 through the dialysate.

[0099]如图11所示,一方的薄膜状的加热部104A利用第一壳体部101的框部107的多个突起10711071,与开口部108对应地以能够装拆的方式被保持。 [0099] 11, a plurality of first housing portions 107, 101 of the frame portion 104A of the film-like heating portion using one protrusion 10,711,071, corresponding to the opening portion 108 so as to be capable of being detachably held. 同样地,如图1O所示,另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B利用第二壳体部102的框部111的多个突起111N、111M,与开口部112对应地以能够装拆的方式被保持。 Similarly, as shown in FIG. 1O, a plurality of the other film-like heating portion 104B of the housing portion by the second portion 111 of the frame 102 of the projections 111N, 111M, and detachably manner to correspond to the opening portion 112 is maintain.

[0100] 一方与另一方的加热部104A、104B相互重叠地在开口部108、111内固定,在一方和另一方的加热部104A、104B的流路120内通过的腹膜透析液,能够使用后述说明的电加热器和导热部件(例如铝部件)而加热。 After [0100] the one and the other heating portion 104A, 104B overlap each other in the opening of the fixed portion 108, 111, peritoneal dialysate in one and the other heating passage portion 104A, 104B through 120, can be used said electric heater and the heat transfer member (e.g. aluminum member) and heated explained. 加热器通过以夹着注液处理用的流路120的方式具有上面加热器以及下面加热器,从而能够高效地将透析液加热为患者的腹腔的温度。 Above and below the heater has a heater flow passage through the heater 120 to sandwich the injection treatment, so that the dialysate can be efficiently heated to a temperature of the abdominal cavity of the patient.

[0101] 如图12所示,一方的加热部104A的注入液处理用的流路120具有连接部120R、120T,另一方的加热部104B的排液处理用的流路120具有连接部120F、120V。 [0101] 12, the heating portion 104A of one of the heated injection liquid processing section 120 has a connecting portion 120R, 120T, with the other flow path 104B of the liquid discharge flow path 120 of processing a connecting portion 120F, 120V. 连接部120F和连接部120T通过管120K而连接。 120F connecting portion and the connecting portion is connected via a tube 120T 120K. 连接部120R连接在流路105F、105G上。 Connecting portion 120R is connected to the flow path 105F, 105G. 连接部120V连接在流路105E、105G上。 120V connector portion is connected to the flow path 105E, 105G. 流路105A〜105D连接在流路105G、105E上。 105A~105D flow passage connected to the flow path 105G, 105E. 各流路105A〜105D分别连接在输液管131〜134上。 105A~105D each flow path are connected to the infusion tube 131~134. 另外,流路105G连接在栗部103上。 Further, the flow passage 105G portion 103 is connected to the Li.

[0102]另外,如图10所示,在第二壳体部102的面板部110上形成有多个开口105S和槽部120C,在图1所示的上壳体部2的内部中的下部上设有多个夹紧部件(未图示),这些夹紧部件通过适当地对与开口105S或槽部120C连通地对应的流路105A〜105D进行按压,从而能够切换腹膜透析液所通过的流路。 [0102] Further, as shown, is formed with a plurality of openings and grooves 105S portion 120C, the lower portion of FIG. 1 inside the upper housing portion 2 in the upper panel portion 110 of the second housing portion 10, 102 provided with a plurality of clamping members (not shown), the clamping member to the channel or groove 105S and the opening portion 120C is pressed corresponds communication by appropriately 105A~105D, it can be switched through to the peritoneal dialysate the flow path.

[0103 ]参照图1O说明连接有输液管131〜134的连接对象示例,例如输液管131相对于透析患者MM的腹腔MMR连接,用于相对于透析患者MM的腹腔MMR注入腹膜透析液,或者从透析患者MM的腹腔MMR将腹膜透析液排液。 [0103] Referring to FIG 1O described exemplary connection object is connected to the infusion tube 131~134, for example, the infusion tube 131 with respect to the MM patients peritoneal dialysis connection MMR, MMR for peritoneal dialysis patients with respect to MM injected peritoneal dialysate, or from MM peritoneal dialysis patients MMR draining the peritoneal dialysis fluid. 输液管132连接在腹膜透析液的追加注液用的注液袋138上,输液管133连接在多个腹膜透析液的注液用的注液袋139上。 Infusion tube 132 is connected to the peritoneal dialysis fluid used for additional infusion bags 138 injection, infusion tube 133 is connected to a plurality of peritoneal dialysis fluid used in the injection injection pockets 139 on. 输液管134连接在排液容器140上。 Infusion tube 134 is connected to the liquid discharge container 140.

[0104]下面,参照图13和图14说明图1和图2所示的自动腹膜透析装置I的功能框图。 [0104] Next, with reference to FIG. 13 and FIG. 14 illustrates a functional block diagram of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I shown in FIG. 1 and FIG 2. 图13是表示自动腹膜透析装置I的功能的框图,图14是表示自动腹膜透析装置I的电连接示例的框图。 13 is a functional block diagram of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I, FIG. 14 is a block diagram of automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus electrically connected to an example of representation I.

[0105] 参照图13,自动腹膜透析装置I具有控制部200、栗驱动部201、夹紧控制部202、加热控制部203和夹紧部204,其中,控制部200是如具有微型电脑等的CPU(中央处理装置)、存储通过CPU执行的装置整体的控制程序和各种数据的ROM和作为工作区暂时存储检测数据或各种数据的RAM等的CPU(中央处理装置)那样的控制部。 [0105] Referring to FIG 13, the automatic peritoneal dialysis apparatus I includes a control unit 200, Li driving unit 201, the clamp control unit 202, the heating control section 203 and a clamping portion 204, wherein the control unit 200 is a microcomputer or the like as having CPU (central processing unit), a ROM memory and CPU as a work area for temporarily storing detection data of the entire apparatus control program executed by the CPU and various data, or various data such as RAM (central processing unit) such as a control section.

[0106]虽然透析盒100以能够装拆的方式安装在自动腹膜透析装置I的透析盒安装部20(参照图2)内,但如参照图10〜图12所说明的那样,在透析盒100内还内藏有输液管流路的切换部105、栗部103和注液的加热部104A、104B。 [0106] While the cassette of the cassette mounting portion 100 so as to be detachably mounted on the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I 20 (see FIG. 2), but as described with reference to FIG. 10~ FIG. 12, the cassette 100 there is also built-in 105, a heating unit 104A switches the flow path of the portion of the infusion tube portion 103 and Li liquid injection, 104B.

[0107]设在自动腹膜透析装置I上的夹紧部204,通过选择性地按压配置在透析盒100侧的输液管流路的切换部1 5上的各输液管131〜134的流路1 5A〜1 (参照图12 ),能够切换流动有透析液的流路,因此能够将透析液向腹腔MMB侧以规定的流速(mL/h)送液,或者将暂时蓄留在腹腔MMB中的透析液从腹腔MMB侧以规定的流速(mL/h)排液。 [0107] clamping portion provided on an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus 204 I, by selectively pressing the switch portion 100 disposed on the side of the cassette infusion tube of each channel 15 on the infusion tube passage 131~134 1 5A~1 (refer to FIG. 12), capable of switching the flow of the dialysate flow path, and therefore the flow rate (mL / h) to the MMB peritoneal dialysate side at a predetermined liquid feed can be, or is temporarily accumulated in the abdominal cavity of the MMB flow rate (mL / h) drain dialysate from the peritoneal cavity at a predetermined MMB side.

[0108]当透析盒100安装到透析盒安装部20内时,栗驱动部201根据控制部200的指令控制栗部103的动作,夹紧控制部202根据控制部200的指令控制夹紧部204的各夹紧部件的动作,加热控制部203根据控制部200的指令控制注液的加热部104A、104B的动作。 [0108] When the cassette 100 is mounted to the cassette mounting portion 20, Li Li driving unit 201 controls the operation unit 103 according to the instruction of the control unit 200, the clamping control unit 202 according to an instruction of the control unit 200 controls the clamp unit 204 the operation of the clamping member, the heating operation of the control unit 203 104A, 104B of the heating control unit according to the injection instruction of the control unit 200.

[0109] 而且,参照图14,控制部200电连接在操作部210、显示部10、栗控制部201、夹紧控制部202、加热控制部203、记录部211和透析盒已被使用检测部220上,这些各要素从电源电路部213接受电源供给。 [0109] Further, 14, with reference to FIG electrically connected to the control unit 200 operation unit 210, a display unit 10, the control unit 201 Li, clamping control unit 202, the heating control section 203, the recording section 211 have been used and the cassette detection portion 220, the individual elements from the power supply circuit 213 receives power. 操作部210具有例如包含图1和图2所示的开始开关11和停止开关12等的操作开关,记录部211是记录有关透析患者的信息和透析动作的信息等的存储器。 E.g. having started the operation unit 210 shown in FIG. 1 comprises a switch 2 and a stop switch 11 and an operation switch 12 and the like, a recording unit 211 is a memory recording information regarding dialysis and dialysis operation information and the like. 后述说明透析盒已被使用检测部220。 Described later cassette detection unit 220 has been used.

[0110]在此,参照图15说明设在本发明的实施方式的自动腹膜透析装置I上的透析盒安装部20的构造。 [0110] Here, with reference to FIG. 15 illustrates the configuration of the cassette mounting portion I of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus provided in the embodiment of the present invention 20.

[0111]图15是表示设在本发明的实施方式的自动腹膜透析装置I上的透析盒安装部20的正视图。 [0111] FIG. 15 is a view showing the cassette mounting portion provided in the embodiment of the present invention is automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of FIG. 20 is a front view I. 此外,在图15中省略了透析盒安装部的中央部分的图示。 Further, not shown the central portion of the cassette mounting portion 15 in FIG.

[0112]图15所示的本发明的实施方式中的透析盒安装部20,从正面表示了参照图5〜图7所说明的透析盒安装部20的构造。 Cassette mounting portion of the embodiment of the present invention illustrated in [0112] 20 of FIG. 15, from the front showing the configuration of the cassette mounting portion described with reference to FIG. 7 to FIG -5 to 20. 该构造具有:第一止动销31,形成在自动腹膜透析装置的壳体上,具有:包括作为抵接部的斜面部41B,当安装到透析盒安装部上时该斜面部41B比透析盒的第一端部侧的壁部107A配置在内侧,且相对于该壁部107A从内侧弹性地抵接;和包括作为抵接部的立起部47B的第二止动销32,当安装到透析盒安装部上时该立起部47B比透析盒的第二端部侧的壁部107B配置在内侧,且相对于该壁部107B从外侧弹性地抵接。 This configuration includes: a first stopper pin 31, formed on the housing of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, comprising: a contact inclined surface portion 41B includes a contact portion, when mounted to the upper portion of the inclined surface 41B than the cassette mounting portion of the cassette a first wall portion 107A of the side end portion disposed on the inner side with respect to the wall portion 107A elastically abut from inside; and the rising portion includes a second contact portion of the stopper pin 32 47B, when mounted to the cassette the rising wall portion 107B of the second end portion 47B side than when the cassette mounting portion disposed on the inner side with respect to the outer side wall portion 107B from the elastic contact.

[0113]使用本发明的实施方式的第一止动销31和第二止动销32具有如下的优点。 [0113] Using embodiments of the present invention a first stop pin 31 and the second stopper pin 32 has the following advantages.

[0114]在图15所示的本发明的实施方式中,当透析盒100沿着插入方向SS(图15的纸面垂直下方)向透析盒安装部20内插入时,第一止动销31的抵接部即外侧的斜面部41B,通过与透析盒100的框部107的壁部1 7A,即第一端部侧的内侧部分99D接触,从而能够将透析盒100沿着插入方向SS引导到透析盒安装部20内。 [0114] In an embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 15, when inserted along the insertion direction 100 SS (perpendicular to the plane of FIG. 15 below) cassette into the cassette mounting portion 20, the first stopper pin 31 i.e., the outer contact portion of the inclined surface portion 41B, by the wall portion 107 of the cassette portion 100 of the frame 1 7A, i.e., the inner side of the first end portion of the contact portion 99D, so that the SS 100 can be guided to the cassette insertion direction the cassette mounting portion 20. 与此同时,在第二止动销32的凹部即斜槽部48内,在将透析盒100的框部107的第二端部侧的内侧部分99F嵌入的状态下,通过使抵接部,即立起部47B与壁部107B抵接,从而能够将透析盒100在水平方式上弹性地保持,而将透析盒100沿着插入方向SS引导到透析盒安装部20内。 At the same time, the stopper pin in the second recess portion 32 of the chute portion 48 i.e., at the inner portion of the second end portion 107 of the frame side portions 100 of the cassette 99F is fitted state, the abutting portion, i.e., the rising portion 47B and the wall portion 107B abuts the cassette 100 can be elastically held in a horizontal manner, the SS and the cassette guide 100 into the cassette mounting portion 20 in the insertion direction.

[0115]由此,透析患者只需将透析盒100的插入后端部向插入方向SS推,就能够不会在左右方向或上下方向上错位地,使透析盒100顺畅地沿着插入方向SS安装到透析盒安装部20内。 [0115] Thus, dialysis patients simply inserted into the cassette 100 pushes the rear end portion in the insertion direction SS, can not be in the horizontal direction or the vertical direction misalignment, the dialysis cartridge 100 smoothly in the insertion direction SS mounted into the cassette mounting portion 20.

[0116]而且,如与图7比较所示,本发明的实施方式的第一止动销31的正面部41D的倾斜角度Θ3,与比较例的一方的止动销531的正面部531D的倾斜角度Θ3相比设定得小。 [0116] Further, as shown in FIG 7 compares the front portion of the first stopper pin 31 of the tilt angle of the embodiment of the present invention. 41D theta] 3, the inclination angle of the front portion 531D of the pin 531 with one of the comparative example locking theta] 3 set to be small in comparison. 同样地,本发明的实施方式的第二止动销32的正面部46D的倾斜角度Θ5和正面部47D的倾斜角度Θ6,与比较例的另一方的止动销532的正面部532D的倾斜角度Θ4相比设定得小。 A front portion inclination angle 46D inclination angle in the same manner, the second stop pin 32 in the embodiment of the present invention Θ5 and front portion 47D is Θ6, the inclination angle of the front portion 532D of the stopper pin 532 of the other comparative example Θ4 phase set to be smaller than that.

[0117]由此,使用本发明的实施方式的第一止动销31和第二止动销32,在图15中,在将透析盒100沿着插入方向SS(纸面垂直下方)安装到透析盒安装部20内的情况下,不会使透析盒100自身向上方抬起,从而能够使透析盒100的插入前端部100M更容易地插入。 [0117] Thus, using the embodiment of a first embodiment of the present invention, the stopper pin 31 and the second stop pin 32, in FIG. 15, when the cassette 100 is mounted along the insertion direction SS (perpendicular to the drawing below) to the cassette in the case where mounting portion 20, so that the cassette 100 itself does not lifted upward, thereby enabling the insertion of the distal end portion 100 of the cassette 100M more easily inserted.

[0118]综上所述,通过使用本发明的实施方式的第一止动销31和第二止动销32,如图7所示地改变第二止动销31和第二止动销32的形状和配置位置,从而能够消除在透析盒100插入时的阻碍部位,而改善透析盒100的插入性。 [0118] In summary, embodiments of the present invention by using a first stopper pin 31 and the second stop pin 32, changing the second stopper pin 31 and the second stopper pin 32 and the shape of the configuration shown in FIG. 7 position, it is possible to eliminate the obstacles in the insertion portion 100 of the cassette, improve the insertion of the cassette 100.

[0119]图16是表示透析盒100安装到透析盒安装部20的透析盒插入用的空间部SP内的状态的立体图。 [0119] FIG. 16 shows a cassette 100 is mounted to the cassette mounting portion 20 of the cassette perspective view showing a state in the space portion SP of insertion.

[0120]如图16(A)所示,打开盖部件21,将透析盒安装部20开放,通过透析患者的手指F向插入方向SS开始推入透析盒100。 [0120] FIG. 16 (A), the cover member 21 is opened, the cassette mounting portion 20 open to begin the dialysis cartridge 100 is pushed into the insertion direction by the finger F SS dialysis patients. 在该状态下,挡板28没有向Yl方向移动而将开口部27关闭。 In this state, the shutter 28 is not moved in the direction Yl and the opening portion 27 is closed. 另外,抵接面部28A将透析盒插入部20的最右侧的空间封闭,因此透析患者感觉到透析盒安装部20的最右侧的空间在视觉上是被封闭的,所以不会做出想要将透析盒100插入到靠近透析盒安装部20的最右侧的空间的位置上的动作。 Further, the contact face portion 28A is inserted into the cassette space 20 closed at the far right, therefore the right-most dialysis patients feel space dialysis cartridge mounting portion 20 is visually blocked, it does not want to make to cassette 100 is inserted into the operation of the spatial position of the rightmost mounting portion 20 near the cassette.

[0121 ] 从图16(B)至Ij图16(C),当进一步地向插入方向SS推入透析盒100时,通过使透析盒100的延长部109、113将挡板28的抵接面部28A向Yl方向推,挡板28被推向Yl方向而将开口部27打开。 [0121] From FIG. 16 (B) to Ij FIG 16 (C), when the SS is further pushed into the cassette 100 in the insertion direction, by the extension portion 100 of the cassette 109, 113 will abut the face of the shutter 28 28A push the direction Yl, Yl shutter 28 is pushed toward the direction of the opening portion 27 is opened. 由此,由透析盒100的延长部109、113能够使输液管131〜134从该开口部27向自动腹膜透析装置I的侧方导出。 Accordingly, the extended portion 100 of the cassette 109, 113 enables the infusion tube 131~134 I derived from the side to the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the opening portion 27.

[0122]下面,参照图17说明透析盒100的一方的薄膜状的加热部104A和另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B的构造示例、和作为透析盒已被使用检测部220的条形码阅读器401。 [0122] Next, with reference to FIG. 17 illustrates a thin film heating portion of the heating portion 104A of the film-form and the other one exemplary configuration of the cassette 100 and 104B, and have been used a bar code reader detecting section 220 as the cassette 401 .

[0123]如图17所示,在另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B上贴附有识别用的热敏印刷纸400。 As shown in [0123] 17, the film-like heating portion 104B of the other thermal printing sheet is adhered identification of 400. 该热敏印刷纸400优选为印刷有条形码,该条形码包含有透析患者治疗的透析处方信息等。 The thermal printing paper 400 is preferably printed a bar code comprising a dialysis treatment of a patient with a dialysis prescription information and the like.

[0124]热敏印刷纸400在透析盒100中特别地贴附在注液加热部附近。 [0124] In the thermal printing paper 400 in the cassette 100 is attached in particular in the vicinity of the injection unit is heated. 具体地为,例如热敏印刷纸400贴附在透析盒100的一方的薄膜状的加热部104A和另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B上。 Specifically, for example, thermal printing paper 400 stuck on a film-like heating portion 104B of the film-like heating portion 104A and the other one 100 of the cassette. 在透析盒100如图16所示地安装在透析盒安装部20内的状态下,热敏印刷纸400面对配置在自动腹膜透析装置I的上壳体部2侧的条形码阅读器401。 A state in which the cassette 100 is mounted as shown in the cassette mounting portion 20 is shown in 16, the thermal printing paper 400 disposed on the face side of the upper housing portion 2 automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I of the bar code reader 401.

[0125]条形码阅读器401能够以非接触式来读取热敏印刷纸400的条形码,并电连接在控制部200上。 [0125] In a bar code reader 401 can read the bar code to a non-contact type thermal printing sheet 400 and electrically connected to the control unit 200. 当透析盒100如图16所示地安装在透析盒安装部20内时,条形码阅读器401读取热敏印刷纸400的条形码,则控制部200得到透析患者的处方信息,从而根据该处方信息对透析患者进行透析控制。 When installed in the cassette mounting portion 20 of the cassette 100 shown in FIG. 16, the bar code reader 401 reads the bar code printed thermal paper 400, 200 to obtain the prescription information, the control unit of the dialysis patients, based on the prescription information such dialysis patients on dialysis control.

[0126]这样,控制部200能够使用热敏印刷纸400得到透析患者的处方信息,因此具有能够省略透析患者通常所必须进行的图1所示的显示部10中的画面信息的输入作业,和使用开始开关11或停止开关12等的操作部进行的透析患者的处方信息的输入作业的优点。 [0126] Thus, the control unit 200 can be used to obtain the prescription information 400 dialysis patients thermal printing paper, and therefore can be omitted in FIG dialysis patients have generally required as a display unit 10 input job information screen shown in FIG. 1, and the advantage of using input job start switch 11 or the operation portion dialysis stop switch 12 or the like performed prescribing information.

[0127] 控制部200当开始透析控制后,通过由加热部104A、104B加热规定时间以上,使透析盒100上的热敏印刷纸400变为黑色。 [0127] When the control unit 200 controls the initiation of dialysis, by the heating by the heating portion 104A, 104B predetermined time or longer, so that the cassette on the thermal printing paper 100 400 to black. 根据该热敏印刷纸400的变色,使条形码阅读器401无法检测到热敏印刷纸400的条形码。 The discoloration of the heat-sensitive printing paper 400, so that barcode reader 401 can not detect a barcode 400 of the thermal printing paper.

[0128] 这样,当条形码阅读器401无法检测到热敏印刷纸400的条形码时,控制部200判断该使用中的透析盒100已经被使用在(已经被加热)腹膜透析处置治疗中。 [0128] Thus, when the bar code reader 401 can not detect a barcode thermal printing paper 400, the control unit 200 determines whether the use of the cassette 100 has been used in the (already heated) disposal of peritoneal dialysis treatment.

[0129]而且,控制部200根据来自条形码阅读器401的信号,来判断已经被加热的透析盒100的透析液回路900在透析治疗中曾经使用了。 [0129] Further, the control unit 200 based on a signal from the bar code reader 401, the dialysate circuit 900 is determined to have been heated in the cassette 100 have been used in the dialysis treatment. 该透析液回路900由一方的薄膜状的加热部104A、另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B、输液管流路的切换部105和输液管131〜134的组装单元而构成。 The dialysate circuit 900 by the film-like heating portion 104A of one of the switching portion of the film-like heating portion 104B of the other, the infusion tube 105 and the flow path of the infusion tube to constitute an assembly unit 131~134.

[0130]而且,即使在该已经被加热的透析盒100再次被误安装到自动腹膜透析装置I的透析盒安装部20内的情况下,由于条形码阅读器401无法检测出热敏印刷纸400的条形码,所以控制部200判断该透析盒100已经被使用过(已经被加热),并判断已经被加热的透析盒100的透析液回路在透析治疗中使用了一次以上。 [0130] Further, even in the case 100 is mistakenly mounted to the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I cassette mounting portion 20 is again under the cassette has been heated due to the barcode reader 401 can not be detected in the thermal printing paper 400 bar code, the control unit 200 determines that the cassette 100 has been used (already heated), and determines whether the cassette has been heated dialysate circuit 100 is used more than once in the dialysis treatment. 由此,控制部200不会开始自动腹膜透析装置I的透析控制,而会相对于透析患者,通过声音或显示部10中的显示来通知该透析盒100已经被使用过(已经被加热)的情况。 Accordingly, the control unit 200 does not start the automatic peritoneal dialysis a dialysis apparatus I control, but will respect dialysis patients, by showing the sound or the display section 10 to notify the cassette 100 has been used (already heated) of Happening.

[0131]这样,能够可靠地将透析盒100的透析液回路的使用次数限制在只有一次,从而能够防止错误地将已经被使用过的透析盒100再使用。 [0131] Thus, the number of uses can be reliably dialysate circuit of the dialysis cartridge 100 is restricted to only once, it is possible to prevent erroneous which have been used cassette 100 reused.

[0132]另外,如图12所示,已经被使用过的一方的薄膜状的加热部104A、另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B、输液管流路的切换部105和输液管131〜134的组装单元构成透析液回路900。 [0132] Further, as shown in FIG switching portion 104A, the film-like heating portion 104B of the other, one of the infusion tube passage of the film-like heating portion 105 has been used and the infusion tube 12 131~134 assembling unit 900 constituting the dialysate circuit.

[0133]该透析液回路900与透析盒100的第一壳体部101和第二壳体部102分体构成。 [0133] The first housing portion 900 and the dialysate circuit 101 of the cassette 100 and the second housing portion 102 separate bodies. 因此,虽然在卫生管理上透析液回路900不能再使用,但通过将新的透析液回路900安装到第一壳体部101和第二壳体部102上,从而具有能够对应需要地重复使用第一壳体部101和第二壳体部102的优点。 Thus, while the dialysate circuit 900 can not be used in hygiene management, but by a new dialysate circuit 900 mounted on the first housing portion 101 and the second housing portion 102, so as to have a corresponding need to be capable of repeated use of a housing portion 101 and the second housing portion 102 of advantages.

[0134]此外,条形码阅读器401既可以是光学读取方式,也可以是磁力读取方式。 [0134] In addition, the bar code reader 401 may be an optical read mode, the read mode may be magnetic. 另外,SP使不使用热敏印刷纸400,而使用其他形式的识别标签也可以,在该情况下的识别标签读取器也能够采用光学读取方式或磁力读取方式。 Moreover, SP is not used so that the thermal printing paper 400, while other forms of identification tags may be, in this case the identification tag reader can be read by optical means or a magnetic read mode.

[0135]另一方面,如图17所示,一方的薄膜状的加热部104A和另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B为了使透析液接近透析患者的体温,能够用多片的加热片300进行加热。 [0135] On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 17, one of the film-like heating portion 104A and the other film-like heating portion 104B close to the dialysate dialysis patient's body temperature, can be performed by heating the sheet 300 sheet heating. 当该加热片300被加热控制部203进行加热控制,且一方的薄膜状的加热部104A和另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B进行加热而成为规定的温度时,热敏印刷纸400也由于被加热而自行变黑,则条形码阅读器401无法读出热敏印刷纸400的信息。 When the heating plate 300 is heated by heating control of the control unit 203, and the film-form film-like heating portion of the heating portion 104A 104B and the other one is heated to become a predetermined temperature, the thermal printing paper 400 is also due to black self-heating, the barcode reader 401 can not read information 400 of the thermal printing paper. 控制部200能够根据来自条形码阅读器401的信号,认识到条形码阅读器401无法读出热敏印刷纸400的信息的情况。 The control unit 200 can be based on a signal from the bar code reader 401 to recognize the barcode reader 401 can not read information of the thermal printing paper 400.

[0136]由此,控制部2 OO能够认识到,曾经被加热且被使用的一方的薄膜状的加热部104A、另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B、如图12所示地成为一体的输液管流路的切换部105和输液管131〜134已经被使用过的情况。 Film-like heating portion 104A [0136] Accordingly, the control unit 2 OO can be appreciated, once heated and used by one of the film-like heating portion 104B of the other, as shown in FIG. 12 integral to the infusion the switching unit 105 and the infusion tube 131~134 tubular channels have been used situation. 因此,不会出现已经被使用过的一方的薄膜状的加热部104A、另一方的薄膜状的加热部104B、输液管流路的切换部105和输液管131〜134的组装单元错误地被再次使用的情况。 Thus, the film does not occur like the heating portion 104A has been used in one of the film-like heating portion 104B of the other, the flow path switching unit of the infusion tube 105 and infusion tube assembly units 131~134 are again erroneously when used.

[0137]下面,参照图18说明自动腹膜透析装置I的加减压回路450。 [0137] Next, with reference to FIG. 18 described decompression automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus 450 I loop.

[0138]图18所示的加减压回路450具有栗驱动部201、第一过滤器451、阀452,正压容器453、阀454、负压容器455、阀456、第二过滤器457、阀458、压力传感器459〜462和栗腔部463。 [0138] FIG. 18 plus the pressure reducing circuit 450 has a driving section 201 Li, the first filter 451, valve 452, pressure vessel 453, valve 454, vacuum vessel 455, valve 456, a second filter 457, valve 458, the pressure sensor cavity 463 459~462 and Li. 各阀452、456、458具有大气开放部464。 Having the valves 452,456,458 atmosphere release portion 464. 压力传感器459、461是加减压回路450的保护用的传感器,压力传感器460、462是加减压回路450的控制用的传感器。 The pressure sensor 459, 461 is decompression circuit protection sensor 450, pressure sensors 460, 462 are applied with pressure loop control sensor 450.

[0139] 在图18所示的栗驱动部201的出口部连接有过滤器451,在该过滤器451上经由阀452连接有正压容器453。 [0139] Li an outlet portion driving portion shown in FIG. 18 connected to a filter 201, 451, 451 in the filter 452 via a valve 453 is connected to a positive pressure container. 正压容器453经由阀454连接在负压容器455上,负压容器455经由阀456连接在栗驱动部201的入口侧。 Pressure vessel 453 via a negative pressure valve 454 is connected to the container 455, the container 455 via the negative pressure valve 456 is connected to the inlet side of the driving unit 201 Li.

[0140] 在阀454上连接有其他的过滤器457,阀454通过该过滤器457连接在栗腔部463上。 [0140] the valve 454 is connected to the other filters 457, the valve 454 through the filter 457 is connected to the cavity portion 463 Li. 栗腔部463具有固定部470、可动部471和弹簧472,弹簧472配置在固定部470和可动部471之间,可动部471能够以抵抗弹簧472的弹力的方式相对于固定部470运动。 Li cavity portion 463 has a fixed portion 470, the movable portion 471 and the spring 472, the spring 472 disposed between the fixed portion 470 and movable portion 471, the movable portion 471 can be against the force of the spring 472 in a manner relative to the fixed portion 470 motion. 可动部471与透析盒100侧的栗部103的隔膜103D紧密接触。 The movable portion 471 can be brought into close contact with the diaphragm portion 103D Li side 100 of the cassette 103.

[0141]当栗驱动部201动作时,通过来自正压容器453的正压与来自负压容器456的负压,使栗腔部463的可动部471以抵抗弹簧472的弹力的方式相对于固定部470移动,从而能够将透析盒100侧的栗部103的隔膜103D在箭头Z方向上移动,并能够通过加压/减压来吸引透析液,使其进入腹腔MMB或者从中排出。 [0141] When the driving unit 201 Li operation, positive pressure from the pressure vessel 453 and the negative pressure from the negative pressure vessel 456, the movable portion 463 Li cavity portion 471 against the spring force of the spring 472 with respect to the manner fixed portion 470 moves, thereby the diaphragm portion 103D Li side 100 of the cassette 103 is moved in the arrow Z direction, and through pressurization / depressurization attract dialysate into the abdominal cavity so MMB or discharged therefrom.

[0142]图18所示的阀454是用于将栗腔部463相对于正压容器453和负压容器455交替切换的切换用的阀。 The valve shown in [0142] 18 454 463 for the container 453 relative to the pressure vessel 455 and the negative pressure switching valve alternately switched Li cavity portion. 图19是表示图18的阀454的构造示例的图。 FIG 19 is a diagram showing an example of configuration of the valve 454 of FIG. 18. 图19所示的阀454具有线圈600、固定铁芯601、可动铁芯602、弹簧603、滑阀604、流路切换部605和线圈架606。 Valve shown in FIG. 19 has a coil 454 600, fixed core 601, the movable core 602, the spring 603, the spool 604, the flow path switching unit 605 and the bobbin 606. 固定铁芯601固定在线圈架606上,在线圈架606的内侧上配置有线圈600。 Fixed iron core 601 fixed to the bobbin 606, a coil 600 is disposed on the inner side of the bobbin 606. 固定铁芯601和可动铁芯602在线圈600的内侧串联配置。 Fixed iron core 601 and the movable core 602 are arranged in series inside the coil 600. 在固定铁芯601的端面601A和可动铁芯602的端面602A之间形成有间隔。 A spacer formed between the end surface 601A of the fixed iron core 601 and the movable core 602 of end surface 602A. 在可动铁芯602的相对侧的端面602B上连结有滑阀604。 Coupled with a spool 604 on the end surface 602B side opposite the movable iron core 602. 弹簧603是用于将滑阀604向箭头Vl方向拉的弹压部件。 603 is a spring member biasing the spool 604 to pull the direction of the arrow Vl.

[0143]在图19所示的流路切换部605中具有连接在正压容器453上的端口 611、连接在负压容器455上的端口612、连接在图18所示的栗腔部463上的端口613、614和连接在阀458上的大气开放部用的端口615。 Li upper chamber portion [0143] 611 having a port connected to the pressure vessel 453 in the flow path switching unit 19 shown in FIG. 605, the container 455 is connected to the suction port 612, connected to 463 shown in FIG. 18 ports 613, 614 and 458 connected to the valve port 615 with the atmosphere opening portion.

[0144]当图19的线圈600中通电时,可动铁芯602使滑阀604以抵抗弹簧603的弹力的方式向箭头V2方向移动,则使滑阀604的各提动阀芯620 (poppet)分别抵接到所对应的壁部621上,从而使来自正压容器453的正压从端口611供给至端口614侧,并且通过从端口613向端口612施加负压,从而向图18的栗腔部463供给阳压,因此隔膜103D被推压,透析液向腹腔MMB侧喷出。 [0144] When energization of the coil 600 in FIG. 19, the movable core 604 to the spool 602 against the force of spring 603 moves in the manner of arrow V2 direction, each of the slide valve of poppet 620 604 (Poppet ) respectively abuts the corresponding upper wall portion 621, so that the pressure from the pressure vessel 453 is supplied from port 611 to port 614 side, and by Li to FIG. 18 thereby applying negative pressure to the port 612 from the port 613, supplying positive pressure chamber 463, so the separator 103D is pushed, the peritoneal dialysis fluid discharge side of the MMB.

[0145] 相反地,当停止向线圈600通电时,由弹簧603的弹力使可动铁芯602和滑阀604向箭头Vl方向移动,则使滑阀604的各提动阀芯620分别抵接到所对应的壁部622上,从而使来自正压容器453的正压从端口611供给至613侧,来自负压容器455的负压供给至端口612和端口614侧,则在图18的栗腔部463中供给有负压,因此隔膜103D被拉引,透析液从腹腔MMB侧被吸弓I至透析盒100侧。 [0145] In contrast, when the coil 600 is energized to stop, by the force of the spring 603, the movable core 602 and the spool 604 moves in the arrow Vl direction, each slide valve poppet 620 604 abut against to the corresponding upper wall portion 622, so that the pressure from the pressure vessel 453 from the supply port 611 to the side 613, the negative pressure from the negative pressure is supplied to the port 612 of the container 455 and port 614 side, in FIG. 18 Li the negative pressure supply chamber 463, so the separator 103D is pulled, the bow is drawn the dialysate from the peritoneal cavity 100 side to side I MMB cassette.

[0146]由此,通过控制部200的控制,使设在自动腹膜透析装置I上的夹紧部204以程序化的顺序选择性地按压配置在透析盒100侧的输液管流路的切换部105上的各输液管131〜134的流路105A〜105D(参照图12),从而能够切换流动有透析液的流路,因此能够将透析液向腹腔MMB侧送液,或者将暂时蓄留在腹腔MMB中的透析液从腹腔MMB侧排液。 [0146] Accordingly, the control of the control unit 200, the clamping portion provided on an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus 204 I is programmed to sequentially selectively switching the pressing portion of the infusion tube arranged in the flow path 100 side of the cassette each infusion tube 105 in the flow path 105A~105D 131~134 (see FIG. 12), thereby switching the flow of the dialysate flow path, it is possible to feed the liquid to the dialysate side of the abdominal cavity MMB, or is temporarily accumulated in MMB peritoneal dialysate from the peritoneal cavity of the liquid discharge side of the MMB.

[0147]另外,在靠近可动铁芯602的端面602A的部分上涂膜有氟素润滑剂。 [0147] Further, in the portion near the end surface 602A of the movable iron core 602 with a fluorine coating film lubricant. 该氟素润滑剂650的成分为例如由全氟聚醚、聚四氟乙烯、添加剂组成的氟素油、氟素树脂粉末、润滑油添加剂,氟素润滑剂650的稠度为325〜330,优选为327。 The fluorine lubricant component 650, for example, perfluoropolyether, polytetrafluoroethylene, a fluorocarbon oil additives, fluorocarbon resin powder, lubricating oil additives, consistency of fluorocarbon lubricant 650 325~330, preferably 327. 当稠度比325小时容易被负压拉引,当超过330时在轴方向的宽度上涂膜规定长度的作业变得困难。 When the negative pressure is easily pulled consistency than 325 hours, when the job length is more than a predetermined coating film 330 in the width direction of the axis becomes difficult. 涂膜有该氟素润滑剂650的轴方向的宽度DS在图19所示的例中为,例如从端面(作为磁极面而发挥作用的面)602A起2mm。 Fluorocarbon coating has lubricant axial direction of the width of DS 650 in the embodiment shown in FIG. 19, for example, from the end surface (surface to function as a magnetic pole surface) 602A from 2mm. 涂膜有该氟素润滑剂650的轴方向的宽度优选为2mm± Imm的范围,因此,也可以涂膜到比涂膜范围DS更大的宽度DT(3mm)。 The fluoride coating has lubricant axis 650 preferably has a width of 2mm ± Imm range, therefore, the ratio of the coating film may range greater width DS DT (3mm).

[0148]此外,当涂膜有氟素润滑剂650的轴方向的宽度比Imm小时,基于可动铁芯602的磨损而发生空气泄漏的劣化对策变得不充分,当涂膜有氟素润滑剂650的轴方向的宽度比3_大时,难以实现成本的削减。 [0148] In addition, the lubricant coating has a fluorine-axis direction width than Imm 650 hours, the deterioration of air leakage countermeasure based on the movable iron core 602 which occurs when the wear becomes insufficient, when the lubricating coating has a fluorine when the width of the axial direction is larger than 3_ agent 650, the cost reduction is difficult to achieve. 也就是说,润滑剂的涂膜范围比Imm小时容易发生空气泄漏,当比3_宽时成本变高,因此均不为优选。 That is, the range of the lubricant film Imm hours than air leakage easily occurs, when the specific width 3_ cost becomes high, and therefore are not preferred.

[0149] 在靠近可动铁芯602的端面602A的部分上,涂膜有氟素润滑剂650,但与使用透平油(turbine oil)的情况相比,具有如下的优点。 [0149] In the portion near the end face of the movable iron core 602A 602 of the coating film with a fluorocarbon lubricant 650, compared with the case where turbine oil (turbine oil), and has the following advantages. 也就是说,当涂膜透平油时,该透平油被负压所拉引,因此可动铁芯的劣化比使用氟素润滑剂650的情况发展得快。 That is, when the coating film turbine oils, the turbine oil is pulled by the negative pressure, so the deterioration of the movable iron core 650 than the case of using fluoride lubricant faster development. 即,氟素润滑剂650与透平油相比难以被负压所拉引,而更易于保持在可动铁芯602上,从而能够防止可动铁芯602的劣化,并能够可靠地防止由于透平油从可动铁芯602上脱离而造成的空气泄漏。 That is, turbine oil and fluorocarbon lubricant 650 as compared to the negative pressure is difficult to be pulled, and easier to keep the movable core 602, thereby preventing deterioration of the movable iron core 602, and can be reliably prevented turbine oil leaking from the air resulting from the movable core 602.

[0150]也就是说,作为基于可动铁芯602的磨损而造成的劣化的对策,采用氟素润滑剂来代替使用透平油能够提高耐久性,而且氟素润滑油比透平油粘性高,因此当可动铁芯602的附近成为负压时,能够防止透平油被负压所拉引而从可动铁芯602上脱离的情况。 [0150] That is, as a countermeasure for deterioration of the wear on the movable iron core 602 caused by, instead of using the lubricant use fluorocarbon oil can improve the durability of the turbine, and turbine oil fluorine lubricating viscosity higher than Therefore, when the movable iron core 602 close to a negative pressure, the turbine can be prevented when the oil is pulled by the negative pressure disengaged from the movable core 602. 因此,能够可靠地防止由于透平油从可动铁芯602上脱离而造成的空气泄漏。 Accordingly, it is possible to reliably prevent air leakage due to the turbine oil may be disengaged from the movable core 602 caused.

[0151]这样,在加减压回路中具有用于切换正压和负压的作为电磁开关阀的阀454,但阀454在患者进行腹膜透析时,为了将透析液向患者的腹腔内进行规定量的送液并在腹腔内蓄留规定时间,然后从腹腔中排液,从而将正压和负压交替地供给至例如隔膜。 [0151] Thus, having positive and negative pressure for switching the electromagnetic switch valve 454 as a valve, but the valve 454 when the patient peritoneal dialysis, dialysate predetermined order into the patient's abdominal cavity in decompression circuit amount of liquid feed and accumulation in the peritoneal cavity for a predetermined time and then drain from the peritoneal cavity, whereby the alternating positive and negative pressure supplied to such as a diaphragm.

[0152]在阀454的可动铁芯602上,为了采取不发生空气泄漏的劣化对策,而涂膜有润滑剂来代替透平油,优选的是涂膜氟素润滑剂。 [0152] In the movable iron core 602 of the valve 454, in order to take countermeasures deterioration air leakage does not occur, but instead a lubricant coating turbine oil, preferably fluorine lubricant coating. 由此,从阀454的可动铁芯602上不会发生空气泄漏,因此能够减轻可动铁芯602的维护作业,并能够防止空气泄漏的发生。 Thus, air will not leak from the valve 454 may be movable core 602, it is possible to reduce the maintenance operation of the movable iron core 602, and air leakage can be prevented.

[0153]此外,该润滑剂也可以使用其他的种类的润滑剂来代替氟素润滑剂。 [0153] In addition, the lubricant may be used in other types of lubricants can be replaced fluorine lubricant.

[0154]另外,滑阀604能够在Vl、V2方向上直线移动的行程范围例如为0.22_。 [0154] Further, the spool is linearly movable in the Vl, V2, for example, the direction of travel range 604 0.22_. 这样,能够将行程范围缩短为本发明的实施方式中的0.22_。 Thus, the range of travel can be shortened embodiment of the present invention 0.22_. 因此,能够降低向线圈600通电的驱动电压,并能够在用于驱动阀454的驱动电压中留有富余。 Accordingly, it is possible to reduce the driving voltage to the coil 600 is energized, and the driving voltage can be a margin for driving the valve 454.

[0155]下面,参照图20说明图18所示的过滤器451和过滤器457的构造示例。 [0155] Next, with reference to FIG. 20 illustrates an exemplary configuration shown in FIG. 18 and the filter 451 of the filter 457. 过滤器451和过滤器457具有相同的构造。 Filter 451 and the filter 457 have the same configuration.

[0156]图20表示具有过滤器451和过滤器457的加减压回路450的构造示例。 [0156] FIG. 20 shows a filter 451 and the filter circuit 450 added to the exemplary configuration 457 of a reduced pressure. 加减压回路450的各要素搭载在金属制的基板480上。 Adding each element circuit 450 mounted on the metal substrate 480 under reduced pressure.

[0157] 过滤器451和过滤器457具有例如透明的塑料的容器631、盖部件632、0型环633和过滤部件634。 [0157] Filters 451 and 457 filter 631 having a transparent plastic container, the cover member 633 and filter type 632,0 ring member 634. 在容器631上连接有配管631H,在盖部件632上连接有配管632H。 The container 631 is connected to a pipe 631H, 632H is connected to pipe 632 on the cover member. 过滤部件634是具有开口部635和底部636的圆筒状的部件,用于除去由栗驱动部201所产生的空气中的尘埃,优选为能够使用网眼粗度为5μπι(例如SMC制的FGZG220A-B-5ym)的部件。 Filter member 634 is a cylindrical member having an opening 635 and a bottom portion 636, for removing air from the driving unit 201 Li generated dust, it can be used preferably for the mesh coarseness 5μπι (e.g. made of SMC FGZG220A- B-5ym) component. 过滤部件634收容在容器631内,通过使盖部件632经由O型环633旋入到容器631上,而能够组装过滤器451和过滤器457。 Filter member 634 accommodated in the container 631, through the cover member 632 screwed via an O-ring 633 onto the container 631, it is possible to assemble the filter 451 and the filter 457.

[0158]由此,通过在空气回路450中,在两个位置上配置过滤器451和过滤器457,且使用配管631H和配管632H而使空气从过滤部件634通过,另外由于过滤器451的过滤部件634和过滤器457的过滤部件634是例如青铜烧结过滤材料,能够除去空气中的5μπι以上的尘埃,所以能够在加减压回路450中防止出现基于尘埃的堵塞现象。 [0158] Accordingly, by the air circuit 450, disposed at two positions on the filter 451 and the filter 457, and using the air pipe 631H 632H and the pipe from the filter element 634, since the filter further filters 451 member 634 and the filter 634 filter member 457 is, for example sintered bronze filter material can be removed more 5μπι dust in the air, it is possible to prevent dust clogging on the decompression circuit 450.

[0159]特别地,过滤器451连接在栗驱动部201的出口侧,能够使在栗驱动部201产生的尘埃在进入阀452和阀454之前被除去,因此能够防止阀452和阀454的堵塞现象。 [0159] In particular, the filter 451 is connected to the outlet side of Li driving unit 201 allows the dust in the Li driving unit 201 generates is removed prior to the inlet valve 452 and valve 454, it is possible to prevent clogging of the valve 452 and valve 454 phenomenon. 另外,其他的过滤器457配置在阀454与栗腔部463之间,能够使在栗腔部463侧产生的尘埃在进入到阀454内之前被除去,因此能够防止阀454的堵塞现象。 Further, other filters 457 and 454 disposed between the valve chamber 463 Li, the dust can be generated in the cavity portion 463 side of Li is removed prior to entering into the valve 454, it is possible to prevent the clogging phenomenon of the valve 454.

[0160]下面,参照图21〜图24说明图1和图2所示的开始开关11和停止开关12的构造示例。 [0160] Next, with reference to FIG. 21~ 24 illustrates a configuration example of the start switch shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, 11 and 12 of the stop switch.

[0161 ]图21是表不开始开关11和停止开关12的立体图,图22是图21的AA线的开始开关11和停止开关12的剖视图。 [0161] FIG. 21 is a table does not start switch 11 and stop switch 12 are a perspective view, FIG. 22 is a sectional view along line AA of FIG start switch 11 and a stop 21 of switch 12. 图23是表示开始开关11和停止开关12的组装示例的图。 FIG 23 is a start switch 11 and stop switch 12 is assembled example FIG.

[0162]如图21和图22所示,开始开关11和停止开关12具有相同的构造。 [0162] As shown in FIG. 21 and FIG. 22, a start switch 11 and stop switch 12 has the same configuration. 开始开关11和停止开关12分别具有橡胶成型品的表面罩700、塑料制的中间部件701、作为开关元件的ON-OFF型的触摸开关702(tacitile switch)和基板703。 700, a plastic intermediate member 701 as ON-OFF type switching element is a touch switch 702 (tacitile switch) a start switch 11 and the substrate 703 each have a stop switch 12 of the molded article and the mask table. 按压部件790由中间部件701和表面罩700构成。 The pressing member 790 is composed of the intermediate member 701 and the front cover 700. 中间部件具有连结部715,该连结部715相对于开关元件即触摸开关702的操作部件720,以具有尺寸LK的间隙的方式连结。 The intermediate member 715 having a connecting portion, the connecting portion 715 relative to the switching element 702 that is a touch switch operation member 720, in a manner having the gap dimension LK of the link. 表面罩700覆盖中间部件701,并由弹性部件制成。 Surface cover 700 covering the intermediate member 701, and is made of an elastic member.

[0163]图22所示的表面罩700具有供透析患者用手指F来按的按压部711、基座部712和中空部713。 The mask shown in Table [0163] 22 700 has a pressing portion 711 for use in dialysis patients by a finger F to the base portion 712 and a hollow portion 713. 在按压部711上设有小的突起711R,用手指F触摸而能够认识到其是开关。 711R is provided with small projections on the pressing portion 711, with the finger F touching a switch which is able to recognize. 基座部712通过被上壳体部2的前面部4(参照图1)压紧而固定。 The base portion 712 through the upper housing portion 2 of the front portion 4 (see FIG. 1) is fixed pressing.

[0164]中间部件701位于该中空部713内,具有中间部件714和连结部715。 [0164] The intermediate member 701 positioned within the hollow portion 713, an intermediate member 714 and the connecting portion 715. 该中间部件714在表面罩700的中空部713内与表面罩700的按压部711的内表面接触。 The intermediate member 714 in contact with the inner surface of the pressing portion 700 of the front cover 711 in the front cover 700 of the hollow portion 713. 连结部715具有孔部716,在该孔部716内嵌入有触摸开关702的操作部件720。 Connecting portion 715 has a hole portion 716, a touch switch operation member fitted 720,702 in the hole 716. 在该孔部716的底面721与操作部件720的前端面722之间预先确保有尺寸LK的间隙。 The operating member 721 and the bottom surface of the hole portion 716 between the front end face 720 of the size of LK 722 in advance ensure that a gap.

[0165]在图22中,当透析患者用手指F向Gl方向按表面罩700时,能够经由中间部件701将触摸开关702的操作部件720向Gl方向按,该尺寸LK的间隙能够在此时确保可得到触击感(发出卡嗒声)。 [0165] In FIG. 22, when the finger F dialysis patients with Table Gl direction when the mask 700, the intermediate member 701 is possible via a touch switch operation member 702 by the Gl direction 720, LK size of the gap can be at this point make sure to obtain click feeling (rattles). 也就是说,当中间部件714向Gl方向被按时,尺寸LK的间隙的空间消失而孔部716的底面721与操作部件720的前端面722抵接,然后通过向Gl方向按触摸开关702的操作部件720,从而透析患者能够通过手指F得到触击感。 That is, when the intermediate member 714 to a direction Gl time, the size of the gap space LK disappearance of the bottom surface of the hole portion 716 of the operating member 721 and the front end surface 722 of the abutment 720, and 702 by operating the touch switches according to the direction Gl member 720, so that dialysis patients click feeling can be obtained by a finger F.

[0166]而且,若使手指F离开,则触摸开关702的操作部件720向G2方向复位,并且基于表面罩700的按压部711的弹力,孔部716的底面721和操作部件720的前端面722离开,形成尺寸LK的间隙,从而开始开关11或者停止开关12恢复到原来的状态。 [0166] Further, when the finger F is released, the operation member 702 of the touch switch 720 to reset G2 direction, and the front end face of the elastic force of the pressing portion 700 of the front cover 711, the bottom surface of the hole portion 716 of the operating member 721 and 720 722 leave a gap dimension LK thereby stop switch 11 or the start switch 12 is returned to its original state.

[0167]如图23(A)所示,在将开始开关11或者停止开关12固定在上壳体部2的前面部4的内侧的情况下,预先将表面罩700从背面侧插入到前面部4的孔部分4H中,将配置在基板7032侧的触摸开关702的操作部件720插入到中间部件714的孔部716中。 [0167] FIG. 23 (A), in the stop switch 11 or the start switch 12 fixed to the lower portion of the inner side of the front portion 2 of the housing 4, the mask table 700 in advance is inserted from the back side to the front portion 4H hole 4 in part, will be disposed in the hole portion 716 of touch switch substrate 7032 side 720 of the operating member 702 is inserted into the intermediate member 714. 而且,如图23(B)和图22所示,使用四个螺丝770将基板703固定在上壳体部2的前面部4的内侧。 Further, as shown in FIG. 23 (B) and FIG. 22, the substrate 770 using four screws 703 is fixed to the front portion of the inner housing portion 2 of the 4.

[0168]图24是表示在开始开关11和停止开关12中所设定的尺寸LK的间隙和触击感的关系示例的图。 [0168] FIG. 24 is a start switch and the relation LK example gaps and clicking feeling of the stop switch 12 is set in a size 11.

[0169]在图24中,在开始开关11或者停止开关12的任一个中,如现有那样地将尺寸LK的间隙设定为负值(未达到零的值)的情况,也就是说,尺寸LK的间隙未达到零的情况是指,在连结部715的孔部716的底面721和操作部件720的前端面722在被有力地压紧的状态下靠紧而完全无法形成间隙的情况下,完全不能或者非常少得感觉到触击感。 [0169] In FIG. 24, a start switch 11, or in any of a stop switch 12, such as prior to the LK gap sized to a negative value (does not reach zero value), i.e., where LK gap size does not reach zero means 722 abut the front end face 720 in the state of being strongly pressed against the bottom surface of the hole portion 716 of the coupling portion 715 of the operating member 721 and the case of forming the gap can not be completely , you can not feel or have very little sense to strike.

[0170]对此,在本发明的实施方式的开始开关11或者停止开关12中,如图22所示,在连结部715的孔部716的底面721与操作部件720的前端面722之间被组装为,能够确保零mm以上,优选的是确保超过零mm的尺寸LK的间隙,因此,如图22所示,当透析患者用手指F按开始开关11或者停止开关12时,能够感到触击感,同时确认到操作了开关的情况。 [0170] In this regard, a start switch in an embodiment of the present invention 11 or a stop switch 12, 22, between the front end surface of the operating member 721 and the bottom surface of the hole portion 716 of the coupling 715 is 720 722 is assembled, it is possible to ensure zero mm or more, preferably ensure LK mm gap size greater than zero, therefore, shown in Figure 22, when the finger F by dialysis patients with a start switch 11 or the stop switch 12, it is able to strike sense, while confirming the operation of the switch case.

[0171]在此,说明基于上述自动腹膜透析装置I进行的透析治疗的顺序示例。 [0171] Here, the order of description on an example of the automatic peritoneal dialysis a dialysis treatment performed by the apparatus I.

[0172]如图3所示,透析患者将自动腹膜透析装置I的盖部件21打开而将透析盒安装部20开放,并将透析盒100沿着插入方式SS安装到透析盒安装部20内。 [0172] As shown, dialysis patients automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I will cover member 21 is opened and the cassette 3 open mounting portion 20, and the cassette 100 SS is mounted to the cassette mounting portion 20 along the insertion mode. 由此,图17所示的条形码阅读器401读取热敏印刷纸400的条形码,控制部200得到透析患者的处方信息,能够由该处方信息开始对透析患者进行透析控制。 Thereby, the bar code reader 401 shown in FIG. 17 reads the bar code printed thermal paper 400, 200 to obtain the prescription information control unit of the dialysis patients, dialysis patients can be started by the control of the dialysis prescription information. 因此,能够省略图1和图2所示的、透析患者通常所必须进行的图1所示的显示部10中的画面信息的输入作业,和使用开始开关11或停止开关12等的操作部进行的透析患者的处方信息的输入作业。 Accordingly, the input operation screen information in the display unit 10 shown in Figure 1 can be shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 are omitted, dialysis patients generally must be carried out, using the start and stop operation switch 11 or the switch unit 12 and the like is the prescribing information input operation of dialysis patients. 透析患者的处方信息是由医生开出的透析治疗的处方。 Dialysis patients by doctors prescribing information is prescription dialysis treatment.

[0173]此外,如图17所示,透析盒100的各输液管131〜134预先连接到透析患者的腹腔MMB、注液袋138、139和排液袋140上。 [0173] Further, as shown in FIG. 17, each of the cassette infusion tube 100 is connected to the previously 131~134 peritoneal dialysis patients I MMB, 138, 139 and the injection fluid bags drainage bag 140.

[0174]透析患者关上图3所示的盖部件21,按下开始开关11而开始透析动作。 [0174] FIG dialysis close lid member 21 shown, presses the start switch 11 and the initiation of dialysis operation. 当按下开始开关11时开始开关11能够产生触击感,因此透析患者能够可靠地认识到进行了开始操作的情况。 When the start switch 11 is pressed a start switch 11 can generate click feeling, dialysis patients therefore possible to reliably recognize a case where start operation performed.

[0175]为了在向透析患者的体内注液前使透析液上升到体温附近的温度,透析液以面向图17所示的加热部300的状态加热而升温。 [0175] In order to dialysis before injection the body temperature of the dialysate rises to near the body temperature, the dialysate to face the heating unit shown in FIG. 17 and state 300 is heated warming. 透析中,图13所示的控制部200基于透析控制而进行夹紧控制、加热控制、栗驱动部201的控制。 Dialysis, the control unit 200 shown in FIG. 13 for clamping control, heating control, the control unit 201 based on Li driving control dialysis.

[0176]若透析患者按下图1所示的停止开关或者透析控制自动结束的话,则其过程被视为一次透析治疗。 [0176] When dialysis patient presses the stop switch 1 shown in FIG dialysis or automatic end of the control, then it is considered a dialysis procedure. 也就是说,透析盒100从卫生的观点来看,只在一次透析治疗中使用过就应该废弃。 In other words, the cassette 100 from the health point of view, only one dialysis treatment used should be discarded. 由于透析患者即使在按下停止开关12时也能够感到触击感,所以透析患者能够可靠地认识到进行了停止操作的情况。 Since dialysis patients even when the stop switch 12 is pressed can be felt click feeling, so that dialysis patients can be performed reliably recognize to stop operation.

[0177]但是,只有图12所示的透析盒100的第一壳体部101和第二壳体部102,当取下透析回路部后,从环保的角度考虑能够而根据需要再利用,透析回路部完全废弃不进行再利用。 [0177] However, only the first housing portion of the cassette shown in FIG. 12 100 101 and the second housing portion 102, when the dialysis circuit portion is removed from the environmental point of view capable of reuse as needed, dialysis circuit portion is not discarded completely reused.

[0178]在本发明的自动腹膜透析装置I中,图13所示的注液袋138、139内的腹膜透析液,通常作为主要成分使用有包含电解液的葡萄糖液。 [0178] In automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I of the present invention, the peritoneal dialysis solution in the injection bags 138 and 139 illustrated in FIG. 13, there is usually used an electrolyte solution containing glucose as a main component. 在自动腹膜透析装置I中,加热到规定温度的腹膜透析液被输送至透析患者的腹腔。 In automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus I, is heated to a predetermined temperature of the peritoneal dialysis fluid is delivered to the peritoneal dialysis patient. 蓄留在腹腔内的腹膜透析液利用腹膜的渗透压将体内的废物从腹膜液内取出,与水分一起作为排液而废弃到排液容器140中。 Osmotic pressure accumulator peritoneum using the peritoneal dialysate remains within the peritoneal cavity of the body removed from the peritoneal fluid of waste, together with the water as drainage discarded to drain vessel 140.

[0179]这样的腹膜透析治疗,将腹膜透析液向腹腔内进行规定量的注液并蓄留规定时间,之后进行排液,以该注液、蓄留、排液作为一个循环。 [0179] Such a peritoneal dialysis treatment, a predetermined amount of peritoneal dialysate into the abdominal cavity of the injection and accumulation for a predetermined time, followed by draining to the injection, accumulation, as a discharge cycle. 在以这样的方法为前提来进行腹膜透析治疗的处方中大致分为两种类型。 In such a method as a precondition to peritoneal dialysis prescriptions roughly classified into two types.

[0180]其中之一是,将腹膜透析液的在腹腔内的一个循环内的各蓄留时间作为固定时间,用透析时间来调整的类型(A类型)。 One [0180] is the accumulation time in each one cycle of peritoneal dialysis fluid in the abdominal cavity as a fixed time, the type of dialysis time to adjust the (A type). 另一个是,将透析时间整体(例如四个循环)作为固定时间,与其相符地调整各循环中的蓄留时间的类型(B类型)。 Another is that the overall duration of dialysis (e.g., four cycles) as a fixed time, to adjust in compliance with the type (B type) accumulation time of each cycle.

[0181]基于以何种治疗方式来实施上述的方法,另外还具有下面的治疗方式。 [0181] Based on in what way to implement the above-described treatment method, in addition to having the following treatments.

[0182] (NPD) [0182] (NPD)

[0183]该处方为,夜间连续地进行透析液交换,白天将腹腔内清空。 [0183] The prescription for night dialysate is continuously exchanged during the day to empty the peritoneal cavity.

[0184] (CCPD) [0184] (CCPD)

[0185]该处方为,夜间进行连续的透析液交换和最终注液,白天不进行透析液交换而保持蓄留在腹腔内的状态,或者与根据需要进行白天透析液交换。 [0185] The prescription for night continuous exchange of dialysate and the final injection, the daytime dialysate exchange hold accumulated in the abdominal cavity, or the daytime dialysate required for the exchange.

[0186]潮式腹膜透析(TH)) [0186] tidal peritoneal dialysis (TH))

[0187]该处方为,多次交换初期注液量的大约一半的量。 [0187] The prescription for repeatedly switching injection amount about half of the initial amount.

[0188] 调整 [0188] adjustment

[0189]只能够用在A类型的方法中。 [0189] A can only use the type of process. 该处方为,为了导入初期的调整,只进行腹膜透析液的注液、排液。 The prescription, in order to adjust the initial introduction, only the injection peritoneal dialysis fluid, liquid discharge.

[0190]本发明的自动腹膜透析装置I能够用在任意一种类型的腹膜透析治疗处方中。 [0190] automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the invention I can be used in any type of peritoneal dialysis prescriptions.

[0191]本发明的实施方式的自动腹膜透析装置是,具有透析盒和供透析盒沿着插入方向以能够装拆的方式安装的透析盒安装部的自动腹膜透析装置,其中,透析盒具有对腹膜透析液进行送液的栗、对腹膜透析液进行加热的加热部和透析液流路,透析盒安装部具有:第一止动销,该第一止动销具有用于在使透析盒安装到透析盒安装部上时,使透析盒的第一端部侧的内侧部分与其接触而沿着插入方向引导到透析盒安装部内的斜面部;和第二止动销,该第二止动销具有用于在使透析盒安装到透析盒安装部上时,以将第二端部侧嵌入的状态沿着插入方向引导到透析盒安装部内的斜槽部。 [0191] automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the embodiment of the present invention, having a dialysis cassette and the peritoneal dialysis apparatus for the automatic cassette mounting portion in the insertion direction so as to be detachably mounted in the cassette, wherein the cassette having peritoneal dialysate liquid feeding Li, peritoneal dialysis fluid and a heating unit for heating a dialysate flow path, the cassette mounting portion having: a first stop pin, the pin having a first stop for the dialysis cartridge is mounted to the dialysis when the cartridge mounting portion, the inner portion in contact with the first end portion side of the cassette inserting direction is guided along the inclined surface into the inner portion of the cassette mounting portion; and a second stop pin, the pin having a second stop for when the dialysis cartridge is mounted to the cassette mounting portion to the second end portion side of the fitted state of the guide to the chute portion in the cassette mounting portion in the insertion direction. 由此,患者等使用自动腹膜透析装置的人能够将在透析时新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确位置上,从而能够改善透析盒的插入性。 Accordingly cassette, such as a patient using an automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of one can be used in a new dialysis smoothly into the correct position within the cassette mounting portion, it is possible to improve the insertion of the cassette. 也就是说,透析盒不会向上方浮起或相对于插入方向而向右方错位地,顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确位置上。 That is to say, does not float or cassette insertion direction with respect to the rightward offset smoothly into the correct position within the cassette mounting portion upward.

[0192]透析盒具有用于以能够装拆的方式安装加热部的框部,第一止动销的斜面部通过使框部的第一端部侧的内侧部分与其接触而将透析盒沿着插入方向引导到透析盒安装部内,并且第二止动销的斜槽部以将框部的第二端部侧嵌入的状态将透析盒沿着插入方向引导到透析盒安装部内。 [0192] having a cassette detachably mounted in a frame portion of the heating portion, a first inclined surface portion by the stopper pin so that the inner end portion of the first side frame portion and the portion in contact with the insertion cassette direction of the guide into the cassette mounting portion, and a second stop pin chute portion to the second end portion of the side frame a state fitted to guide the cassette into the cassette mounting portion in the insertion direction. 由此,患者等使用自动腹膜透析装置的人使用透析盒的框部,能够将在透析时新使用的透析盒顺畅地安装到透析盒安装部内的正确位置上。 Accordingly, the use of automated peritoneal dialysis patients and the like who use the apparatus frame portion of the cassette, the cassette can be used in a new dialysis smoothly into the correct position within the cassette mounting portion.

[0193]另外,第一止动销和第二止动销通过连结部件相互连结,并以如下方式被保持:在将透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时,若被框部的插入前端部推压,则能够以连结部件为中心地转动,并且在将透析盒安装到透析盒安装部上时,第一止动销和第二止动销对透析盒的插入后端部进行保持。 [0193] Further, the first stop and the second stop pin pin connected to each other by the connecting member, and is held in such a manner: when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion, the distal end portion of the insertion portion of the frame if they are pressed, the connecting member can be rotated as the center, and the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the mounting portion, the first stop and the second stop pin is inserted into the rear end portion of the pin of the cassette holding. 由此,在将透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时,由于框部的插入前端部按压第一止动销和第二止动销使其旋转而下降,所以能够改善透析盒的插入性,并且当将透析盒安装到透析盒安装部内时,第一止动销和第二止动销能够可靠地对透析盒的插入后端部进行保持。 Accordingly, when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion, since the insertion front end portion of the frame portion presses the first stop and the second stop pin pin to rotate decreases, it is possible to improve the insertion of the cassette, and when the when the cassette is mounted into the cassette mounting portion, the first stop and the second stop pin pin can be securely inserted into the rear end of the cassette holding portion.

[0194]而且,还具有操作部件,用于在将透析盒安装到透析盒安装部上,且第一止动销和第二止动销对透析盒的插入后端部进行保持的状态下,通过推压该操作部件来抵抗弹压力,而使第一止动销和第二止动销从透析盒的插入后端部脱离。 [0194] Moreover, further having an operation member for mounting the cassette on the cassette mounting portion and the first stop and the second stop pin is inserted into the rear end portion of the pin of the cassette holding state, by pushing the pressure against the biasing force to the operating member, the first stop and the second stop pin pin disengaged from the rear end portion inserted into the cassette. 由此,使用操作部件而使第一止动销和第二止动销从透析盒的插入后端部脱离,从而能够将透析盒简单地从透析盒安装部取出。 Thus, using the operation member so that the first stop and the second stop pin pin disengaged from the rear end of the insertion portion of the cassette, the cassette can be easily taken out from the cassette mounting portion.

[0195]第一止动销和第二止动销分别具有正面部,该正面部为了在将透析盒插入到透析盒安装部中时接触框部的插入前端部,而沿着透析盒的插入方向倾斜。 [0195] the first stop and the second stop pin each pin has a front portion, a front portion of the cassette to be inserted into the insertion portion in contact with the front end portion of the frame when the cassette mounting portion, inclined in the direction of insertion of the cassette . 由此,当透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时,由于第一止动销的正面部和第二止动销的正面部能够通过与框部的插入前端部接触而易于下降,所以能够进一步地改善透析盒的插入性。 Thus, when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion, since the front portion and the second stop pin front portion of the first stopper pin can be easily lowered by contact with the insertion front end portion of the frame portion, it is possible to further improve the dialysis insertion of the cartridge.

[0196]透析盒具有延长部,该延长部在框部的第二端部侧,向与插入方向垂直的侧方向突出地形成,用于将连接在透析盒内的透析液流路上的输液管向透析盒的外侧导出,在透析盒安装部上形成有用于引导延长部而将输液管向透析盒的外侧导出的侧面侧的开口部,并具有挡板,用于在延长部安装到透析盒安装部之前的状态下,关闭开口部且封闭第二止动销附近的空间,并在将透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时通过被延长部按压而打开开口部。 [0196] The cassette has an extension portion, the extension portion at a second end portion of the side frame portion, is formed to protrude toward a direction perpendicular to the insertion direction, for connecting the infusion tube in the dialysis cartridge dialysate flow path export to the outside of the cassette, and the opening portion is formed for guiding side surface portion of the infusion tube extended toward the outside of the cassette derived side in the cassette mounting portion, and having baffles for mounting the cassette in the extended portion state before mounting portion closing the opening portion and the closed space near the second stop pin, and when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion is pressed against the extension portion is opened by the opening portion. 由此,在将透析盒安装到透析盒安装部之前,由于挡板关闭开口部且封闭第二止动销附近的空间,所以能够防止透析患者想要以使透析盒靠近第二止动销附近的空间的方式插入。 Accordingly, before the cassette is mounted to the cassette mounting portion, since the shutter is closed and the closed space near the opening portion of the second stopper pin, can be prevented so that dialysis patients want to close the cassette space near the second stop pin insertion of the way. 而且,当透析盒向透析盒安装部插入时,透析盒的延长部通过按压挡板来打开开口部,能够从透析盒的延长部通过开口部而导出输液管。 Further, when the cassette inserted into the cassette mounting portion, the extension portion of the cassette opening portion is opened by pressing the shutter, the infusion tube can be derived from the extension portion of the cassette through the opening portion.

[0197]但是,本发明并不限于上述实施方式,本发明能够进行多种修正和变更,并能够在权利要求书所记载的范围内进行多种变形。 [0197] However, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, the present invention is capable of many modifications and changes, and can be variously modified within the scope described in the claims.

[0198]本发明的自动腹膜透析装置并不限于附图的示例,能够采用任意的形状。 [0198] automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus of the present invention is not limited to the example of the drawing, it can be any shape. 例如,图3所示的透析盒100的延长部109、113以相对于透析盒100的插入方向SS向右侧突出的方式形成,但也可以相反地以向左侧突出的方式形成。 For example, the extension portion 100 of the cassette shown in FIG. 3 SS 109, 113 to form the cassette inserting direction with respect to 100 protrude to the right, but in contrast to the left may be formed to protrude. 在该情况下,透析盒安装部20的第一止动销31和第二止动销32配置在左右相反的位置上,且挡板28和开口部27也变为不配置在下壳体部3的右侧侧面部,而配置在左侧侧面部。 In this case, the cassette mounting portion of the first stopper pin 31 and the second stop pin 32 arranged at the opposite left and right positions 20, and the shutter 28 and the opening portion 27 also becomes the right housing portion 3 is not disposed in the lower side surface portions, and side surface portions disposed on the left. 腹膜透析液的流路的配置形状并不限于图12所示的示例,能够采用任意的形状。 Configuring the shape of the channel is not limited to the peritoneal dialysate in the example shown in FIG. 12, it can be any shape.

Claims (7)

1.一种自动腹膜透析装置,具有透析盒和供所述透析盒沿着插入方向以能够装拆的方式安装的透析盒安装部,所述透析盒具有对腹膜透析液进行送液的栗、对所述腹膜透析液进行加热的加热部和透析液流路,其特征在于, 在该透析盒的第一端部上设有至少向下突出的第一壁部, 在该透析盒的第二端部上设有至少向下突出的第二壁部, 所述透析盒安装部具有: 第一止动销,形成在所述自动腹膜透析装置的壳体的前面,并具有第一抵接部,该第一抵接部在将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上时,与所述透析盒的第一端部侧的所述第一壁部相比配置在内侧,且相对于该第一壁部从内侧弹性地抵接;和第二止动销,具有第二抵接部,该第二抵接部在将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上时,配置在所述透析盒的第二端部侧的所述第二壁部的位置上, An automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus having a cassette and the cassette for cassette mounting portion in the insertion direction so as to be detachably attached, said cassette having a peritoneal dialysate solution Li feed, the peritoneal dialysate of heating a heating portion and a dialysate flow path, characterized in that at least a first wall portion projecting downwardly at a first end portion of the cassette, a second cassette in the the end portion is provided with at least a second wall portion projecting downwardly on said cassette mounting section having: a first stop pin, are formed in the front of the housing of the automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus, and having a first contact portion, the first contact portion of the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the mounting portion, the first end portion side of the first wall portion of the cassette is arranged inside the comparison, with respect to the first wall portion elastically abut from inside; and a second stopper pin, having a second contact portion, the second contact portion of the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the mounting portion, disposed at position of the second end portion side of the cassette on the second wall portion, 对于该第二壁部从外侧弹性地抵接。 For the second wall portion elastically abut from the outside.
2.根据权利要求1所述的自动腹膜透析装置,其特征在于,所述透析盒通过供所述加热部能够装拆地安装的框部构成所述第一壁部和所述第二壁部,设在所述第一止动销上的斜面部通过与所述框部的第一端部侧的所述内侧部分接触,而将所述透析盒沿着所述插入方向引导到所述透析盒安装部内,并且,在所述第二止动销上,在所述第二抵接部的基础上还具有凹状的斜槽部,该斜槽部在内侧具有倾斜面,并且在将所述框部的第二端部侧嵌入的状态下由所述第二抵接部对其进行保持,同时将所述透析盒沿着所述插入方向引导到所述透析盒安装部内。 The automatic peritoneal dialysis apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said cassette frame portion through the heating supply unit detachably attached to the first wall portion constituting the second wall portion and , the inclined surface portion provided on the pin by the first stop portion and said inner end portion of the first side portion of the frame in contact, and the cassette is guided along the insertion direction into the cassette the mounting portion, and, on the second stop pin, on the basis of the second contact portion further includes a concave upper portion of the chute, the chute having an inclined surface on the inside portion, and the frame portion It is held by the second portion abutting the second end portion side of the fitted state, the cassette while guided along the insertion direction of the cassette into the mounting portion.
3.根据权利要求2所述的自动腹膜透析装置,其特征在于,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销通过连结部件相互连结,并保持为,在将所述透析盒向所述透析盒安装部插入时,若被所述框部的插入前端部推压,则能够以所述连结部件为中心旋转,当将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上时,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销对所述透析盒的插入后端部进行保持。 The automatic peritoneal dialysis apparatus according to claim 2, characterized in that the first stop and the second stop pin coupled to each other through the connecting pin member, and remains in the cassette to the when inserted into the cassette mounting portion, the insertion portion distal end portion of the frame if they are pressed, it is possible to the connecting member is rotated, the cassette when the cassette is mounted to the upper mounting portion, said the first stop and the second stop pin holding pin inserted into a rear end portion of the cassette.
4.根据权利要求3所述的自动腹膜透析装置,其特征在于,具有操作部件,用于在将所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部上,且所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销对所述透析盒的所述插入后端部进行保持的状态下,通过按压该操作部件来抵抗弹压力,使所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销从所述透析盒的所述插入后端部脱离。 4. The automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that an operating member for the cassette mounted to the cassette mounting portion and the first stop and said pin the second stopper pin inserted into the rear end portion of the cassette holding state, by pressing the operating member against the biasing force to make the first stop and the second stop pin from the pin dialysis the rear end portion of the cartridge from the insertion.
5.根据权利要求3所述的自动腹膜透析装置,其特征在于,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销分别具有正面部,所述正面部为了在将所述透析盒向所述透析盒安装部插入时推抵所述框部的所述插入前端部,而沿着所述透析盒的所述插入方向倾斜。 The automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus according to claim 3, characterized in that the first stop and the second stop pin each pin has a front portion, said front portion of said cassette in order to the pushing the cassette mounting portion of the frame of the distal end portion of the insertion portion is inserted, the cassette along the insertion direction of the inclination.
6.根据权利要求4所述的自动腹膜透析装置,其特征在于,所述第一止动销和所述第二止动销分别具有正面部,所述正面部为了在将所述透析盒向所述透析盒安装部插入时推抵所述框部的所述插入前端部,而沿着所述透析盒的所述插入方向倾斜。 6. The automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that the first stop and the second stop pin each pin has a front portion, said front portion of said cassette in order to the pushing the cassette mounting portion of the frame of the distal end portion of the insertion portion is inserted, the cassette along the insertion direction of the inclination.
7.根据权利要求2至6中任一项所述的自动腹膜透析装置,其特征在于,所述透析盒具有延长部,所述延长部在所述框部的所述第二端部侧,向与所述插入方向垂直的侧方向突出地形成,用于将连接在所述透析盒内的所述透析液流路上的输液管导出到所述透析盒的外侧, 在所述透析盒安装部上形成有侧面侧的开口部,用于引导所述延长部并将所述输液管导出到透析盒安装部的外侧, 还具有挡板,用于在所述透析盒安装到所述透析盒安装部之前的状态下,关闭所述开口部且封闭所述第二止动销附近的空间,并在将所述透析盒向所述透析盒安装部插入时,由于被所述延长部推压而将所述开口部打开。 The automatic peritoneal dialysis apparatus as claimed in any 2-6 claim, wherein said cassette has an extension portion, the extension portion of the frame portion of the second end portion side, is formed to protrude toward a direction perpendicular to the insertion direction, for the dialysis cartridge is connected to the dialysate flow path of the infusion tube being led to the outside of the cassette, the cassette mounting portion an opening portion formed on the side surface side, for guiding the extension of the outer portion of the cassette mounting portion and the export to the infusion tube, also having a shutter, for the cassette mounted to the cassette mounting under a state before the part closing the opening portion and the closed space near the second stop pin, and the dialysis cartridge is mounted to the cassette insertion portion, since the extension portion is pushed by the the opening portion is opened.
CN201210094036.1A 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus CN103357079B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210094036.1A CN103357079B (en) 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210094036.1A CN103357079B (en) 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103357079A CN103357079A (en) 2013-10-23
CN103357079B true CN103357079B (en) 2016-10-26

Family

ID=49359868

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210094036.1A CN103357079B (en) 2012-03-29 2012-03-29 Automated peritoneal dialysis apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103357079B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104225700A (en) * 2014-09-12 2014-12-24 昆山韦睿医疗科技有限公司 Loading device of labyrinth type consumable box and peritoneal dialysis equipment
CN104225702A (en) * 2014-09-27 2014-12-24 昆山韦睿医疗科技有限公司 Loading system of supplies box and peritoneal dialysis equipment

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1410273A (en) * 2002-03-28 2003-04-16 兄弟工业株式会社 Recording apparatus and ink box
CN2594920Y (en) * 2002-12-05 2003-12-24 常州市新科精密机械有限公司 Disc loader
CN1865104A (en) * 2005-05-18 2006-11-22 佳能株式会社 Sheet feeding device and image forming apparatus
JP2006346436A (en) * 2005-06-15 2006-12-28 Jen-Hsien Yo Portable medical transfusion apparatus

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101657569B1 (en) * 2007-10-12 2016-09-19 데카 프로덕츠 리미티드 파트너쉽 Apparatus and method for hemodialysis
CA3017406A1 (en) * 2008-01-23 2009-07-30 Deka Products Limited Partnership Disposable components for fluid line autoconnect systems and methods

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1410273A (en) * 2002-03-28 2003-04-16 兄弟工业株式会社 Recording apparatus and ink box
CN2594920Y (en) * 2002-12-05 2003-12-24 常州市新科精密机械有限公司 Disc loader
CN1865104A (en) * 2005-05-18 2006-11-22 佳能株式会社 Sheet feeding device and image forming apparatus
JP2006346436A (en) * 2005-06-15 2006-12-28 Jen-Hsien Yo Portable medical transfusion apparatus

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103357079A (en) 2013-10-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9884144B2 (en) Hemodialysis system with cassette-based blood and dialysate pumping
US8580569B2 (en) Feedback control in microfluidic systems
US9856990B2 (en) Flow metering using a difference image for liquid parameter estimation
KR101973296B1 (en) Apparatus for controlling fluid flow
JP5992453B2 (en) Portable dialysis machine
JP4511388B2 (en) Capacity injection pump
CN101986776B (en) Apparatus and methods for hemodialysis
US5834747A (en) Universal credit card apparatus and method
JP6142050B2 (en) Hemodialysis system
AU2009302327B2 (en) Priming system and method for dialysis systems
EP1235613B1 (en) Fluid processing systems using extracorporeal fluid flow panels oriented within a cartridge
US9677555B2 (en) System, method, and apparatus for infusing fluid
KR101508483B1 (en) Modular, portable dialysis system
CN102510737B (en) Driving device for a battery charging station biopsy
US20130228505A1 (en) Filtration system for preparation of fluids for medical applications
US20020103453A1 (en) Fluid processing systems and methods using extracorporeal fluid flow panels oriented within a cartridge
US7440817B2 (en) Method and control unit for medication administering devices
JP5535777B2 (en) Diagnostic inspection device
CA2661670C (en) Data communication system for peritoneal dialysis machine
US20170098947A1 (en) Battery handling apparatus
KR20090023742A (en) Aerosol suction device, and its sucking method
EP2168481B1 (en) Blood test device
EP2459251B1 (en) Infusion pump system with disposable cartridge having pressure venting and pressure feedback
US8110104B2 (en) Dialysis systems and related components
US8388905B2 (en) Method and apparatus for coding diagnostic meters

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model