CN103356152B - The capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device - Google Patents

The capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device Download PDF

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CN103356152B
CN103356152B CN201310295976.1A CN201310295976A CN103356152B CN 103356152 B CN103356152 B CN 103356152B CN 201310295976 A CN201310295976 A CN 201310295976A CN 103356152 B CN103356152 B CN 103356152B
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capsule endoscope
portable
capsule
magnet array
endoscope system
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CN103356152A (en
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李兆申
廖专
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中国人民解放军第二军医大学
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Abstract

本发明涉及医疗器械领域。 The present invention relates to the field of medical devices. 本发明提供了一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,包括胶囊内窥镜(1)、体外工作站(2)和便携式磁体阵列(3);所述的胶囊内窥镜(1)、体外工作站(2)和便携式磁体阵列(3)通过磁场的感应和无线信号的传输形成一个系统。 The present invention provides a capsule endoscope system containing a portable positioning device, a capsule endoscope (1), in vitro station (2) and a portable magnet array (3); the capsule endoscope (1), vitro station (2) and a portable magnet array (3) forming a sensing system and a wireless signal transmitted by a magnetic field. 本发明的便携式磁体阵列能根据实际待观察部位进行调整,方便、安全、有效地解决了以往胶囊内窥镜无法定时定位的问题,通过pH值传感器的整合,实现了对消化道内特定部位的定时pH值检测;同时,使用窄波LED光源照明装置能够增强对粘膜表面的微观组织模式的观察,加速对胃肠道系统粘膜表面的肿瘤与非肿瘤的区别诊断。 The portable magnet array of the invention can be adjusted according to actual observed region, convenient, safe, effective solution to the problems of the conventional capsule endoscope can not be timed positioning, by integrating a pH sensor, to achieve timing for a particular site in the digestive tract pH value detection; simultaneously, using narrow band illumination LED light source device capable of enhancing the observation of the microstructure pattern of the mucosal surface, the mucosal surfaces of the acceleration differential diagnosis of tumors of the gastrointestinal system and the non-tumor.

Description

含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统 The capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及医疗器械领域,尤其涉及一种适用于消化道内的含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical devices, and more particularly suitable for the digestive tract capsule endoscope system comprising a portable locator device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]胶囊内窥镜(capsule endoscopy),是一种做成胶囊形状的内窥镜,它是用来检查人体肠道的医疗仪器。 [0002] The capsule endoscope (capsule endoscopy), is a form of a capsule endoscope shape, which is used to check the human intestinal medical instruments. 胶囊内窥镜能进入人体,用于窥探人体肠胃和食道部位的健康状况,可用来帮助医生对病人进行诊断。 Capsule endoscopy can enter the human body, the human stomach and esophagus to pry parts of the health status can be used to help doctors diagnose the patient.

[0003]胶囊内窥镜实际是把摄像机缩小,植入医用胶囊,帮助医生对病人进行诊断。 [0003] The capsule endoscope to the camera is actually reduced, the capsule medical implant, help doctors diagnose the patient. 一粒小胶囊却是探秘人体的摄像工作室,甚至可能成为遨游人体的“飞船”;细小的纤维,可以用来加固人体的心脏动脉;从外表看,它与普通胶囊药区别不大,但它是一台微型摄像机,用于窥探人体肠胃和食道部位的健康状况。 A small capsule camera studio Quest is the human body, and may even become roam the body's "spacecraft"; tiny fibers can be used to reinforce the body's arteries of the heart; From the outside, it is not an ordinary capsule drugs differ, but it is a miniature cameras, spy for the human stomach and esophagus parts of health. 患者吞服后,胶囊随胃肠肌肉运动沿消化方向运行,拍摄图像,再把图像传至患者系于腰间的数据传输装置。 After the patient swallowing the capsule with the muscle in the running direction of the gastrointestinal digestion, the captured image, then the image is transmitted to the patient-based data transmission apparatus waist. 几小时后,医生把胶囊拍摄的图像下载于电脑,胶囊在24小时内自动排出体外。 After several hours, the capsule image captured by the physician to download computer, automatic capsule excreted within 24 hours. 使用胶囊内窥镜,患者可保持正常活动和生活O Use capsule endoscopy, the patient can maintain normal activities and life O

[0004]胶囊内镜具有检查方便、无创伤、无导线、无痛苦、无交叉感染、不影响患者的正常工作等优点,扩展了消化道检查的视野,克服了传统的插入式内镜所具有的耐受性差、不适用于年老体弱和病情危重等缺陷。 [0004] The capsule endoscopy examination with easy, non-invasive, wires, no pain, no cross-infection, does not affect the normal operation of the patient and other advantages, the expanded visual field examination of the digestive tract, to overcome the conventional insert endoscopes has poor tolerance, not available for frail and defects in critical condition.

[0005]内窥镜检查的主要目的之一是尽可能在早期发现肿瘤,但是使用宽波光对黏膜浅表血管或黏膜组织形态的细微变化的强调效果并不明显,为增强这种诊断的性能人们从提高内窥镜系统的成像性能方面做出了很多努力。 The main purpose of [0005] Endoscopy is the detection of cancer at an early stage as possible, but the use of a wide wave emphasis effect on superficial blood vessels subtle changes in the mucosa or mucous membrane tissue morphology is not obvious, to enhance the performance of this diagnosis people made a lot of efforts to improve the imaging performance from the endoscope system aspects. 窄带成像(Narrow Band Imaging)是一种光学图像增强技术,通过降低相邻波段的光谱联系,深度方向的组织特征会更清晰的被复制出来。 NBI (Narrow Band Imaging) is an optical image enhancement techniques, by reducing the contact of adjacent spectral bands, characterized in the depth direction of the tissue will be more clearly copied out. 能够增强对粘膜表面的微观组织模式的观察,同时加速对胃肠道系统粘膜表面的肿瘤与非肿瘤的区别诊断。 It can enhance observation of the microstructure pattern of the mucosal surface, while accelerating the differential diagnosis of the mucosal surfaces of the gastrointestinal system cancer and non-cancer. 例如,窄带成像内窥镜系统特别采用符合黏膜组织及血色素光谱特性的415nm和520nm窄波光,通过增强图像的对比性能,大大提高了对早期癌变组织的识别,具有与活检相同的功效,被称为“光学活检”。 For example, NBI endoscope system using special 415nm and 520nm narrow wave mucosa and meet the spectral characteristics of hemoglobin, by enhancing the performance of the image contrast, greatly improving the early recognition of cancerous tissue, biopsy having the same effect, is called as "optical biopsy." 每个单色图像信号经过彩色转化装置,使毛细血管网络和微观组织模式以彩色图像的形式展示出来。 Each monochromatic image signal after the color conversion means, so that capillary network and microstructure patterns impressions in the form of a color image. 这样相对于传统的内窥镜系统而言,采用短波光源窄带发射就能够提高描绘精细的粘膜表面的毛细血管网路的能力。 Thus with respect to a conventional endoscope system, short-wave narrow-band light emission can be improved ability to depict the fine capillaries of the mucosal surface of the web. 目前的窄带成像技术已大规模应用于插入式内窥镜。 Current technology has been widely applied in the narrowband imaging endoscope inserted. 胶囊内窥镜面世已超过十年,被医学界称为21世纪内窥镜发展的方向,但无法实现活检功能是医学界公认的制约其应用的主要原因之一。 Capsule endoscopy has been around for more than a decade, the medical profession as the direction of the endoscope development in the 21st century, but can not achieve a biopsy is one of the main functions of the medical profession recognized restrict its application.

[0006]从使用方法而言,由于第一代胶囊内镜进入消化道后随消化道蠕动而被动式前进,医生无法有效控制胶囊内镜至需观察部位,更无法控制胶囊内镜在疑似病灶处进行细致观察,所以这些缺点限制了胶囊内镜的更广泛应用。 [0006] In terms of use, since the first generation of the capsule endoscope into the digestive tract with peristalsis gastrointestinal passive proceeds, doctors can not effectively control the capsule endoscope to observe the required site, but can not control the capsule endoscope in suspected lesions careful observation, so these shortcomings limit the wider use of capsule endoscopy.

[0007]由此可见,胶囊内窥镜的体内定位观察是现阶段需要解决的问题,但目前尚无一种可实现上述多功能的胶囊内窥镜系统,以满足临床医学对消化道疾病的检测需要。 [0007] Thus, the positioning of the capsule endoscope observed in vivo is needed to solve the problem at this stage, but no multifunctional capable of realizing the above-described capsule endoscope system, in order to meet clinical medicine for digestive tract diseases testing needs.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008]本发明的目的在于提供一种适用于消化道内的含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统。 [0008] The object of the present invention to provide a capsule endoscope system suitable for use in the digestive tract containing a portable positioning apparatus.

[0009]本发明的发明目的主要通过以下技术方案实现: [0009] The object of the present invention is achieved by the invention are mainly the following technical solution:

[0010]本发明提供一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,包括胶囊内窥镜、体外工作站和便携式磁体阵列;所述的胶囊内窥镜包括胶囊壳体、照明装置、光学镜头、图像传感器、PH值传感器、电路控制装置、磁控开关、磁体、电池、射频收发模块和天线; [0010] The present invention provides a capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device, a capsule endoscope, a magnet array and a portable workstation in vitro; the capsule endoscope capsule includes a housing, an illumination device, an optical lens, an image sensor, PH value of the sensor, the circuit control device, magnetic switches, magnets, battery, antenna and RF transceiver module;

[0011]所述的胶囊内窥镜、体外工作站和便携式磁体阵列通过磁场的感应和无线信号的传输形成一个系统; [0011] In the capsule endoscope, and portable workstations vitro magnet array formed according to a sensing system and a wireless signal transmission by a magnetic field;

[0012]所述的照明装置、光学镜头、图像传感器、pH值传感器、电路控制装置、磁控开关、磁体、电池、射频收发模块和天线均固定在所述胶囊内窥镜的胶囊壳体内部; [0012] The lighting device, optical lens, an image sensor, pH value sensor, a circuit control device, magnetic switches, magnets, battery, antenna and RF transceiver module are fixed inside a capsule casing of the capsule endoscope ;

[0013]所述的便携式磁体阵列为至少含有两个口袋的马甲或腰带,每个口袋是根据观察部位的需要与否放入磁体。 [0013] The portable magnet array comprising at least two belt or vest pockets, each pocket into magnet is required or not an observed region.

[0014]所述的胶囊壳体呈圆筒状,于光学镜头一侧为透明壳体,其余部分为非透明壳体。 [0014] The capsule housing has a cylindrical shape, one side of the optical lens in a transparent housing, the rest of the non-transparent housing.

[0015]所述的光学镜头外周固定有照明装置。 The outer periphery of the optical lens [0015] The illumination device is fixed.

[0016] 所述的光学镜头、图像传感器、pH值传感器、电路控制装置、磁控开关、磁体、电池、射频收发模块和天线均依次固定在所述胶囊内窥镜壳体内部。 [0016] The optical lens, an image sensor, pH value sensor, a circuit control device, magnetic switches, magnets, battery, antenna and RF transceiver module are in turn fixed to the capsule endoscope inside the housing.

[0017]所述的磁体为长方体或球体。 Said magnet [0017] a sphere or a rectangular parallelepiped.

[0018]所述的体外工作站包括磁头、五维运动平台、医疗电动床和操控台。 [0018] The in vitro workstation includes a head, five-dimensional motion platform, and medical electric bed console.

[0019]所述的马甲或腰带的每个口袋根据需要与否放入0-6个磁体,放入磁体的位置和数量可调,以形成一个磁场分布优化的便携式磁体阵列。 [0019] each of the pockets into the belt or vest according to necessity or 0-6 magnets, placed in an adjustable position and number of magnets, a magnet array to form a portable magnetic field distribution optimization.

[0020] 所述的照明装置为窄波光LED照明装置或宽波光LED照明装置。 [0020] The lighting device for the LED lighting device or a narrow wave waves wide LED illumination device.

[0021 ] 所述窄波光LED照明装置的光源波长为蓝色415nm或绿色520nm。 The [0021] narrow wave light source wavelength LED lighting device or green 415nm to blue 520nm.

[0022]本发明所指的五维运动平台具体可参考如下文献:1、庄鹏,应用于平板显示器检测的高精度五维运动台,《机电工程技术》2010年02期;2、中国专利申请CN02113721.8,发明名称为“肿瘤治疗超声聚焦刀”,公布号为CN1456128,公开日为2003.11.19;或3、中国专利申请CN200410053300.2,发明名称为“五自由度精密定位平台”,公开号为CN1588556,公开日为2005.03.02。 [0022] The present invention refers to a five-dimensional motion platform may specifically refer to the following literature: 1, Peng Zhuang, applied to five dimensional precision motion detection of flat panels, "Electrical Engineering Technology" 2010, 02; 2, China patent application CN02113721.8, entitled "focused ultrasound tumor therapy", Publication No. CN1456128, Publication date 2003.11.19; or 3, Chinese patent application CN200410053300.2, titled "five degrees of precision stage" Publication No. CN1588556, Publication date 2005.03.02.

[0023]本发明的优点是: [0023] The advantage of the present invention are:

[0024] 1、本发明特别设计的便携式磁体阵列能根据实际待观察部位进行调整,产生一个最佳分布磁场,该磁场能有效保持消化道内胶囊的位置,对待观察部位进行定时观察。 [0024] 1, a portable magnet array of the invention can be specially designed according to the actual observed region to be adjusted to produce an optimal distribution of the magnetic field which is effective to maintain the position of the capsule in the digestive tract, the timing treatment observation site was observed. 该便携式磁体阵列可以通过马甲或腰带等多种方式实现,方便、安全、有效地解决了以往胶囊内窥镜无法定时定位的问题,满足了临床检测的实际需求。 The magnet array can be portable by a variety of other ways to achieve a vest or belt, convenient, safe, effective solution to the problems of the conventional capsule endoscope can not be positioned timed to meet the actual needs of the clinical testing.

[0025] 2、本发明通过在胶囊内窥镜中整合了pH值传感器,使在对待观察部位进行定时观察的同时,通过PH值传感器获取待观察部位的检测数据。 [0025] 2, by integrating the present invention is a pH sensor in the capsule endoscope, the observation that the treatment site while the observed timing of acquiring the detection data portion to be observed by the PH value of the sensor.

[0026] 3、本发明使用的窄光谱LED照明光源波长为蓝色415nm和绿色520nmLED,通过降低相邻波段的光谱联系,深度方向的组织特征会更清晰的被复制出来。 [0026] 3, a narrow spectral wavelength LED lamp of the present invention is used for the blue and green 415nm 520nmLED, by reducing the contact of adjacent spectral bands, characterized in the depth direction of the tissue will be more clearly copied out. 与以往胶囊内窥镜使用的宽光谱LED照明光源相比,窄光谱光源能够增强对粘膜表面的微观组织模式的观察,同时加速对胃肠道系统粘膜表面的肿瘤与非肿瘤的区别诊断。 Broad spectrum compared with the conventional LED lamp using the capsule endoscope, a light source capable of enhancing a narrow spectral observation of the microstructure pattern of the mucosal surface, while accelerating the differential diagnosis of the mucosal surfaces of the gastrointestinal system cancer and non-cancer.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0027]图1为本发明的胶囊内窥镜系统示意图; [0027] The capsule endoscope system of FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;

[0028]其中,胶囊内窥镜1、体外工作站2和便携式磁体阵列3; [0028] wherein, the capsule endoscope 1, 2 and the mobile station in vitro magnet array 3;

[0029]图2为本发明的胶囊内窥镜结构示意图; [0029] The structure of the capsule endoscope 2 of the present invention, a schematic view of FIG;

[0030]其中,透明壳体11、非透明壳体111、照明装置18、光学镜头17、图像传感器12、pH值传感器113、电路控制装置13、磁控开关110、磁体5、电池14、射频收发模块112、天线16和支架19; [0030] wherein, the transparent housing 11, a non-transparent case 111, the lighting apparatus 18, optical lens 17, an image sensor 12, pH value of the sensor 113, the control circuit 13, the magnetic switch 110, a magnet 5, a battery 14, a radio frequency transceiver module 112, the antenna 16 and the bracket 19;

[0031 ]图3为本发明的体外工作站的结构示意图; [0031] FIG structure vitro station 3 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

[0032]其中,磁头23、五维运动平台、医疗电动床22和操控台21。 [0032] where the head 23, five-dimensional motion platform, electric medical beds 22 and 21 console.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0033]现结合实施例和附图,对本发明作进一步描述,但本发明的实施并不仅限于此。 [0033] Now Examples and the accompanying drawings, the present invention will be further described, the embodiment of the present invention is not limited thereto.

[0034] 实施例1: [0034] Example 1:

[0035]如图1所示,含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,包括胶囊内窥镜1、体外工作站2和便携式磁体阵列3;所述的胶囊内窥镜1、体外工作站2和便携式磁体阵列3通过磁场的感应和无线信号的传输形成一个系统。 Shown, the positioning device comprising a portable capsule endoscope system [0035] FIG 1, the capsule endoscope 1 includes, in vitro mobile station magnet array 2 and 3; the capsule endoscope 1, 2 and the mobile station in vitro 3 magnet array forming a magnetic inductive transmission system and a wireless signal through.

[0036]如图2所示,该胶囊内窥镜包括胶囊壳体、照明装置18、光学镜头17、图像传感器 [0036] 2, the capsule endoscope includes a capsule housing, the illumination device 18, the optical lens 17, an image sensor

12、pH值传感器113、电路控制装置13、磁控开关110、磁体5、电池14、射频收发模块112和天线16; 12, pH value of the sensor 113, the control circuit 13, the magnetic switch 110, a magnet 5, a battery 14, an antenna 112 and the RF transceiver module 16;

[0037]所述的照明装置18、光学镜头17、图像传感器12、pH值传感器113、电路控制装置 [0037] The lighting device 18, the optical lens 17, 12, 113, the control circuit of the image sensor means a pH sensor

13、磁控开关110、磁体5、电池14、射频收发模块112和天线16均固定在所述胶囊内窥镜壳体内部;胶囊壳体呈圆筒状,于光学镜头17—侧为透明壳体,其余部分为非透明壳体;光学镜头17外周固定有照明装置18;光学镜头17、图像传感器12、pH值传感器113、电路控制装置13、磁控开关110、磁体5、电池14、射频收发模块112和天线16均依次固定在所述胶囊内窥镜壳体内部;照明装置18为窄波光LED照明装置;磁体5为长方体或球体; 13, a magnetic switch 110, a magnet 5, a battery 14, a RF transceiver module 112 and the antenna 16 are fixed to the capsule endoscope inside the housing; the capsule housing has a cylindrical shape, the optical lens is a transparent shell side of 17- body, the rest of the non-transparent housing; optical lens 17 is fixed to the outer periphery of the lighting device 18; optical lens 17, an image sensor 12, pH value of the sensor 113, the control circuit 13, the magnetic switch 110, a magnet 5, a battery 14, a radio frequency transceiver module 112 and the antenna 16 are in turn fixed inside the casing of the capsule endoscope; narrow wave illumination apparatus 18 is an LED lighting device; a sphere or a rectangular parallelepiped magnet 5;

[0038] 如图3所示,该体外工作站包括磁头23、五维运动平台、医疗电动床22和操控台21。 [0038] As shown in FIG. 3, the workstation includes a head 23 in vitro, the five-dimensional motion platform, the medical electric bed 22 and console 21.

[0039] 所述的窄波光LED照明装置为蓝色415nm LED(购自珠海市天辉电子有限公司,型号TH/TH-UV410S5E-5)。 [0039] The narrow wave device is a blue LED lighting LED of 415 nm (available from Zhuhai days Electronics Co., Ltd., model TH / TH-UV410S5E-5).

[0040]所述的便携式磁体阵列,是含四个口袋的马甲,每个口袋根据需要与否放入0-6个磁体,形成一个便携式磁体阵列。 [0040] the portable magnet array, containing four vest pocket, each pocket according to necessity or magnets placed 0-6, a portable magnet array is formed.

[0041 ] 实施例2: [0041] Example 2:

[0042]含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其余同实施例1,所述的LED照明装置为绿色520nm LED(购自Chicago Miniature Lighting,LLC,型号CMDA5AG7D1S)。 [0042] The capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning apparatus, and the rest with the embodiment 1, the LED lighting device green LED of 520 nm (available from Chicago Miniature Lighting, LLC, model CMDA5AG7D1S).

[0043]该便携式磁体阵列,是含两个口袋的腰带,每个口袋根据需要与否放入0-6个磁体磁体,形成一个便携式磁体阵列。 [0043] The portable magnet array, a belt having two pockets, each pocket of the magnets into 0-6 necessary or not, a portable magnet array is formed.

[0044] 实施例3: [0044] Example 3:

[0045]在实际使用中,受检者服下图2所示胶囊后,躺在图3所示的医疗电动床上,医生操控台控制五维运动平台和磁头,磁头产生的磁场控制胶囊内镜中内置的磁体,从而操控体内的胶囊内镜到消化道中任意位置进行观察,同时根据实际检测需要与否,选择开启PH值传感器对此位置的PH值进行检测,当医生判断此pH值检测胶囊需停留在某一位置做定时pH值,可以给受检者穿上马甲或腰带,根据被观察部位调整马甲或腰带内磁体放置的位置和数量,使马甲或腰带这一便携式的磁体阵列产生的磁场达到最佳分布,这一磁场分布应该能够在特定时间内保持体内检测胶囊的位置,从而实现对消化道内特定部位的定时pH值检测。 [0045] In practical use, the dose of the subject after the capsule shown in FIG. 2, the electric medical bed lying in FIG. 3, a control console physician five-dimensional motion platform and the head, the magnetic head generates a control capsule endoscopy built-in magnet, thereby to control the body of the capsule endoscope in the digestive tract was observed anywhere at the same time according to the actual needs detected or not, select open pH value pH value of this position sensor is detected, if the doctor determines this pH detection of the capsule the pH needs to act as a timing stay in a position to be subject to wear vest or belt, or to adjust the position and number of the vest belt magnet placed under the site to be observed, so that the magnet array portable vest or belt produced optimal distribution of the magnetic field, the magnetic field distribution should be able to maintain body position detection of the capsule is within a specific time, thereby realizing a timing of detecting the pH of a particular site in the digestive tract.

[0046]另外,根据受检者检查项目所需,让受检者服下含有窄波光LED照明装置的胶囊内镜后,躺在医疗电动床上,医生操控台控制五维运动平台和磁头,磁头产生的磁场控制胶囊内镜中内置的磁体,从而操控体内的胶囊内镜在消化道中任意位置做细致观察,并根据检测情况,可以选择性的给受检者穿上马甲或腰带,对胃肠道系统粘膜表面的肿瘤与非肿瘤的区别进行诊断检测。 [0046] Further, according to the required test items subject, comprising the dose of the subject so that the capsule endoscope narrow wave LED lighting device, lying in bed electric medical doctor control console five-dimensional motion platform and the head, the head built capsule endoscope in the control field generated by a magnet, so that handling of the capsule-endoscope in the digestive tract do any detailed observation position, and according to the detected situation, the subject can be selectively put to a vest or belt, gastrointestinal the difference between tumor and non-tumor mucosal surface of the channel system diagnostic test.

[0047]以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理、主要特征和本发明的优点。 [0047] The above and described the principles of the invention, the main features and advantages of the present invention. 本行业的技术人员应该了解,本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内。 The industry the art will appreciate, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, the above-described examples and embodiments described in the specification are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also have the respective variations and modifications, changes and modifications which fall within the scope of the claimed invention. 本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等同物界定。 The scope of the invention as claimed by the appended claims and equivalents thereof defined.

Claims (7)

1.一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其特征在于:包括胶囊内窥镜(I)、体外工作站(2)和便携式磁体阵列(3);所述的胶囊内窥镜包括胶囊壳体、照明装置(18)、光学镜头(17)、图像传感器(12)、pH值传感器(113)、电路控制装置(13)、磁控开关(110)、磁体(5)、电池(14)、射频收发模块(112)和天线(16); 所述的胶囊内窥镜(I)、体外工作站(2)和便携式磁体阵列(3)通过磁场的感应和无线信号的传输形成一个系统; 所述的照明装置(18)、光学镜头(17)、图像传感器(12)、pH值传感器(113)、电路控制装置(13)、磁控开关(110)、磁体(5)、电池(14)、射频收发模块(112)和天线(16)均固定在所述胶囊内窥镜的胶囊壳体内部; 所述的便携式磁体阵列(3)为至少含有两个口袋的马甲或腰带,每个口袋根据需要与否放入磁体,形成一个便携式磁体阵列; 所述的马甲或腰带的每个口袋根据需要与否 A capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device, comprising: a capsule endoscope (the I), in vitro station (2) and a portable magnet array (3); the capsule endoscope comprising a capsule a housing, a lighting means (18), an optical lens (17), an image sensor (12), pH value of the sensor (113), the control circuit means (13), magnetic switch (110), a magnet (5), a battery (14 ), RF transceiver module (112) and an antenna (16); the capsule endoscope (the I), in vitro station (2) and a portable magnet array (3) forming a sensing system and a wireless signal transmitted by a magnetic field; the lighting device (18), an optical lens (17), an image sensor (12), pH value of the sensor (113), the control circuit means (13), magnetic switch (110), a magnet (5), a battery (14 ), RF transceiver module (112) and an antenna (16) are fixed inside a capsule casing of the capsule endoscope; portable magnet array according to (3) containing at least two pockets of a vest or belt, each the necessity or magnets placed in the pocket, a portable magnet array is formed; each pocket of the vest or belt according to necessity or 放入0-6个磁体,放入磁体的位置和数量可调,以形成一个磁场分布优化的便携式磁体阵列; 选择开启PH值传感器对某一位置的pH值进行检测,当医生判断此pH值检测胶囊需停留在某一位置做定时PH值,给受检者穿上马甲或腰带,根据被观察部位调整马甲或腰带内磁体放置的位置和数量,使马甲或腰带这一便携式的磁体阵列产生的磁场达到最佳分布,这一磁场分布能够在特定时间内保持体内检测胶囊的位置,从而实现对消化道内特定部位的定时pH值检测。 Add 0-6 magnets, the magnets placed in position and number of adjustable magnet array to form a portable magnetic field distribution optimization; choose to open when the physician determines this pH PH value of the pH sensor detects a location, detecting capsules need to stay in a position to do the timing PH value, subject to wear vest or belt, to adjust the position and number of magnets placed within the vest or belt according to the site to be observed, so that the magnet array to produce a portable vest or belt the optimal distribution of the magnetic field, the magnetic field distribution can be maintained within the position detection of the capsule is within a specific time, thereby realizing a timing of detecting the pH of a particular site in the digestive tract.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其特征在于:所述的胶囊壳体呈圆筒状,于光学镜头(17) —侧为透明壳体,其余部分为非透明壳体。 2. A method according to claim 1 capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device, wherein: the form of a cylindrical housing of the capsule, the optical lens (17) - side of the transparent casing, the rest of the non-transparent housing.
3.根据权利要求1所述的一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其特征在于:所述的光学镜头(17)外周固定有照明装置(18)。 3. A method according to claim 1 capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning apparatus, wherein: (17) an outer periphery of the optical lens is fixed to the lighting device (18).
4.根据权利要求1所述的一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其特征在于:所述的磁体(5)为长方体或球体。 According to one of the claims 1 capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device, wherein: the magnet (5) is a rectangular parallelepiped or sphere.
5.根据权利要求1所述的一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其特征在于:所述的体外工作站(2)包括磁头(23)、五维运动平台、医疗电动床(22)和操控台(21)。 5. A method according to claim 1 capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device, wherein: the in vitro station (2) includes a head (23), five-dimensional motion platform, the medical electric bed (22 ) and console (21).
6.根据权利要求1所述的一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其特征在于:所述的马甲上有四个口袋,或所述的腰带上有两个口袋。 6. A method according to claim 1 capsule endoscope system comprising a portable positioning device, wherein: there are four pockets on the vest, there are two pockets or belt.
7.根据权利要求1-6任一所述的一种含便携式定位装置的胶囊内窥镜系统,其特征在于:所述的照明装置(18)为窄波光LED照明装置,所述窄波光LED照明装置的光源波长为蓝色415nm或绿色520nm。 7. A method according to any one of claims 1 to 6 containing a capsule endoscope system for a portable positioning device, wherein: the illumination device (18) according to a narrow wave LED lighting device, the LED narrow wave a light source wavelength of the illumination device is a blue or green 415nm 520nm.
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