CN103355224B - A kind of mating system of novel juvenile stichopus - Google Patents

A kind of mating system of novel juvenile stichopus Download PDF

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CN103355224B
CN103355224B CN201210083064.3A CN201210083064A CN103355224B CN 103355224 B CN103355224 B CN 103355224B CN 201210083064 A CN201210083064 A CN 201210083064A CN 103355224 B CN103355224 B CN 103355224B
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water
seedling
pond
density
day
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CN103355224A (en
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卢枳伸
陈贵平
刘广丰
刘玉杰
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XIANGSHUI HAICHEN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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XIANGSHUI HAICHEN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The mating system that the invention provides a kind of novel juvenile stichopus, comprises the following steps: seedling management: Seedling density is controlled at 0.5~1/ml, changes water every day, and water temperature is controlled at 20~25 DEG C, and the 2-3 days clear ends once; Young ginseng management: seedling is imported and breeds pond; Select water white polyethylene corrugated plate to do adherance, water temperature remains on 15~23 DEG C, and illumination is 500~1000lx, and salinity is 29~32 ‰, and dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l, and pH value is 7.8~8.5, cultivates density and is controlled at 0.5~1 Tou/㎝2; Breeding pond adopts flowing water method to improve water quality; Throw something and feed taking sargassum thunbergii powder, sargassum powder, fish meal, saccharomycete, ooze, immune polysaccharide and/or steel wire algae as main feed; The photosynthetic bacteria of throwing something and feeding, purifies water; Remove seed dirty. Adopt the present invention can improve the Quality and yield that stichopus japonicus breeds.

Description

A kind of mating system of novel juvenile stichopus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of animal method for culturing seedlings, specifically, relate to a kind of mating system of novel juvenile stichopus, belong to animal breeding technology field.
Background technology
Development apostichopus japonicus culture industry is the important channel that develops living marine resources, and development is in recent years very fast, and cultured area expands rapidly, and economic and social benefit is remarkable, has become one of important industry of China's sea-farming. Manyly breed producer and be engaged in the artificial breeding of stichopus japonicus, but existing mating system: the one,, breed output unstable, yield poorly; The 2nd,, seedling body a little less than; The 3rd,, seedling specification difference is larger. Therefore further raising and the industrialization of apostichopus japonicus culture level have been restricted.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art part, a kind of mating system of novel juvenile stichopus is provided.
The mating system of novel juvenile stichopus of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) management is stored up in parent participation:
Holding pond adopts cement tub, adopts individual layer floating cage to support temporarily, and cultivating density is 15~25/m3, 1.2~1.5 meters of the depth of waters, 16~18 DEG C of water temperatures, salinity 29~32 ‰, pH value is 7.8~8.5, illumination 500~1000lx, dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l; Parent participation every day grinds liquid by 4% point of morning and evening of its body weight sargassum thunbergii of throwing something and feeding for twice; Sooner or later respectively change water once every day, and each quantity of exchanged water is 1/3~1/2, changes water temperature difference and is not more than 1 DEG C;
(2) spawning and fertilization:
The density of laying eggs is not more than 50/㎡, after parent participation spawning and fertilization, in time parent participation shifted out, and with repeatedly washing ovum repeatedly through the clean seawater of sand filtration sterilization, until Chi Shui becomes clear;
(3) hatching:
Utilize phreatic water cooling tank maritime interior waters, requirement for environmental conditions is 17~20 DEG C of water temperatures, salinity 29~32 ‰, and pH value 7.8~8.5, illumination 500~1000lx, dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l, and hatching density is 20~50/ml;
(4) seedling management:
Seedling density is controlled at 0.5~1/ml, grinds liquid throw something and feed with sargassum thunbergii, changes water every day 2 times, changes water 1/2~1/3 at every turn, stirs gently up and down Chi Shui 1 time every one hour with water shoveling board, and water temperature is controlled at 20~25 DEG C, 2-3 days with the clear end of siphon pipe once;
(5) young ginseng management:
(1) when growth of seedling is when occurring that the former base of five tentacles or seedling 20%~30% develop into doliolaria, import and breed pond; Select water white polyethylene corrugated plate to do adherance, water temperature remains on 15~23 DEG C, and illumination is 500~1000lx, and salinity is 29~32 ‰, and dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l, and pH value is 7.8~8.5, cultivates density and is controlled at 0.5~1 Tou/㎝2
(2) breed pond and adopt flowing water method to improve water quality, every day flowing water 4~6 times, each 2~3 hours, every day, streamflow was to breed 3~4 times of pond water body; Every 2~3 days soil pick-ups 1 time, two weeks falls pond 1 time;
(3) bait of throwing something and feeding, bait main component is sargassum thunbergii powder, sargassum powder, fish meal, saccharomycete, ooze, immune polysaccharide and/or steel wire algae;
(4) throw something and feed photosynthetic bacteria to improve the micro-ecological environment of breeding pond, purify water, strengthen young ginseng resistance against diseases;
(6) removing seed is dirty:
In seedling and young ginseng stage, it is dirty that adherance grows a large amount of salt loud, high-pitched sounds etc., in the time of the falling pond clear end of stichopus japonicus, first prepares a basin seawater, and approximately 5 jin of seedlings are put into basin, rotates basin water by hand, in the middle of dirty concentrating on, fishes for 15 centimetre of 100 little fishing net of order of diameter.
Preferably, described adherance sodium hydroxide solution with 0.5 ‰-1.0 ‰ before input soaks 2~3 days, then wash and brush one times with liquor potassic permanganate, rinse well with filtering sea again, after washing, put into and breed pond and inoculate benthic diatom, stir transfixion, be inverted adherance next day, inoculation another side.
The mating system of novel juvenile stichopus of the present invention, has following technique effect: the present invention utilizes phreatic water cooling tank maritime interior waters in the hatching stage, has avoided water temperature over-high, good seedling living environment is provided, improved survival rate, survival rate can reach 90%, and what guarantee was bred carries out smoothly. To the photosynthetic bacteria of throwing something and feeding in pond, effectively improve the micro-ecological environment of breeding pond, purify water, strengthen young ginseng resistance against diseases. Selection water white transparency, the polyethylene corrugated plate that ripple is high, area is large do adherance, are beneficial to and adhere to and ingest. Adopt special method removing seed dirty, reduce water pollution, promote growth and survive. Adopt the present invention, the one, growth time is long. Owing to utilizing underground sea water regulation and control water temperature, ensure that seedling grows at matters temperature, avoid the aestivation winter of seedling to bite, can extend wheat harvesting period in growth periods 5, thus long fast, individual large of seedling, the young ginseng of the 2cm 4cm-6cm that can grow up, large individuality can reach 8cm. The 2nd, survival rate is high, good in economic efficiency. Due to the living condition of young ginseng has been carried out to full artificial regulatory, so survival rate of seedlings is high, generally can reach 30% left and right.
Detailed description of the invention
The mating system of novel juvenile stichopus of the present invention, comprises the steps:
(1) management is stored up in parent participation:
Holding pond adopts cement tub, adopts individual layer floating cage to support temporarily, and cultivating density is 15~25/m3, 1.2~1.5 meters of the depth of waters, 16~18 DEG C of water temperatures, salinity 29~32 ‰, pH value is 7.8~8.5, illumination 500~1000lx, dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l; Parent participation every day grinds liquid by 4% point of morning and evening of its body weight sargassum thunbergii of throwing something and feeding for twice; Sooner or later respectively change water once every day, and each quantity of exchanged water is 1/3~1/2, changes water temperature difference and is not more than 1 DEG C;
(2) spawning and fertilization:
The density of laying eggs is not more than 50/㎡, after parent participation spawning and fertilization, in time parent participation shifted out, and with repeatedly washing ovum repeatedly through the clean seawater of sand filtration sterilization, until Chi Shui becomes clear;
(3) hatching:
Utilize phreatic water cooling tank maritime interior waters, requirement for environmental conditions is 17~20 DEG C of water temperatures, salinity 29~32 ‰, and pH value 7.8~8.5, illumination 500~1000lx, dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l, and hatching density is 20~50/ml;
(4) seedling management:
When embryonic development will be carried out seed selection during to the microtia young, drag choosing or with siphon pipe siphon seed selection, Seedling density is controlled at 0.5~1/ml, grinds liquid throw something and feed with sargassum thunbergii, throws something and feeds and adheres to few principle of throwing diligent throwing with NX~79 nylon mesh; The floating larva nurturing period generally fall pond, because the young all can be damaged in pond at every turn, summary improves water quality by changing water: change water every day 2 times, change water 1/2~1/3 at every turn, stirred gently up and down Chi Shui 1 time every one hour with water shoveling board, water temperature is controlled at 20~25 DEG C, 2-3 days with the clear end of siphon pipe once, accomplish thoroughly totally, the excreta of residual bait, protozoan and the young at the bottom of pond etc. to be cleared out;
(5) young ginseng management:
(1) when growth of seedling is when occurring that the former base of five tentacles or seedling 20%~30% develop into doliolaria, import and breed pond; Select water white polyethylene corrugated plate to do adherance, adherance is thrown in the front sodium hydroxide solution with 0.5 ‰~1.0 ‰ and is soaked 2~3 days, then washes and brushes one times with liquor potassic permanganate, then rinse well with filtering sea, removes medicine, greasy dirt and foul. After washing, can put into cultivation pond and inoculate benthic diatom. Algae kind is taking small-sized boat-shaped algae, avette algae and rhombus algae as main, can take from pool wall, cuts down frame, on reef and tangleweed. When inoculation, adherance is laid in horizontal direction and cultivates in pond, add appropriate fresh filtering sea, then access algae kind, stir transfixion. Be inverted adherance next day, and inoculation another side uses the same method. It should be noted that adherance is sparse in time after inoculating, it is vertically placed, within every 1~3 day, change water once, change water 1/2~1/3 at every turn, and press quantity of exchanged water fertilising (nitrogen 10~20 × 10-6, phosphorus 1~2 × 10-6, silicon 1.0 × 10-6, iron 0.1 × 10-6). Water temperature remains on 15~23 DEG C, and illumination is 500~1000lx, and salinity is 29~32 ‰, and dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l, and pH value is 7.8~8.5, cultivates density and is controlled at 0.5~1 Tou/㎝2
(2) breed pond and adopt flowing water method to improve water quality, every day flowing water 4~6 times, each 2~3 hours, every day, streamflow was to breed 3~4 times of pond water body; Every 2~3 days soil pick-ups 1 time, two weeks falls pond 1 time;
(3) bait of throwing something and feeding, bait main component is sargassum thunbergii powder, sargassum powder, fish meal, saccharomycete, ooze, immune polysaccharide and/or steel wire algae;
(4) throw something and feed photosynthetic bacteria to improve the micro-ecological environment of breeding pond, purify water, strengthen young ginseng resistance against diseases;
(6) removing seed is dirty:
In seedling and young ginseng stage, it is dirty that adherance grows a large amount of salt loud, high-pitched sounds etc., in the time of the falling pond clear end of stichopus japonicus, first prepares a basin seawater, and approximately 5 jin of seedlings are put into basin, rotates basin water by hand, in the middle of dirty concentrating on, fishes for 15 centimetre of 100 little fishing net of order of diameter.
Adopt said method, owing to utilizing underground sea water regulation and control water temperature, ensured that seedling grows at matters temperature through practice, avoid the aestivation winter of seedling to bite, can extend wheat harvesting period in growth periods 5, so seedling length is fast, individual large, the young ginseng of the 2cm 4cm-6cm that can grow up, large individuality can reach 8cm. The 2nd, survival rate is high, good in economic efficiency. Due to the living condition of young ginseng has been carried out to full artificial regulatory, so survival rate of seedlings is high, generally can reach 30% left and right.

Claims (2)

1. a mating system for novel juvenile stichopus, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) management is stored up in parent participation:
Holding pond adopts cement tub, adopts individual layer floating cage to support temporarily, and cultivating density is 15~25/m3, 1.2~1.5 meters of the depth of waters, 16~18 DEG C of water temperatures, salinity 29~32 ‰, pH value is 7.8~8.5, illumination 500~1000lx, dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l; The every bu of the parent participation sargassum thunbergii of sooner or later throwing something and feeding for twice grinds liquid, and each feeding volume is its body weight 4%; Sooner or later respectively change water once every day, and each quantity of exchanged water is 1/3~1/2, changes water temperature difference and is not more than 1 DEG C;
(2) spawning and fertilization:
The density of laying eggs is not more than 50/㎡, after parent participation spawning and fertilization, in time parent participation shifted out, and with repeatedly washing ovum repeatedly through the clean seawater of sand filtration sterilization, until Chi Shui becomes clear;
(3) hatching:
Utilize phreatic water cooling tank maritime interior waters, requirement for environmental conditions is 17~20 DEG C of water temperatures, salinity 29~32 ‰, and pH value 7.8~8.5, illumination 500~1000lx, dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l, and hatching density is 20~50/ml;
(4) seedling management:
Seedling density is controlled at 0.5~1/ml, grinds liquid throw something and feed with sargassum thunbergii, changes water every day 2 times, changes water 1/2~1/3 at every turn, stirs gently up and down Chi Shui 1 time every one hour with water shoveling board, and water temperature is controlled at 20~25 DEG C, 2-3 days with the clear end of siphon pipe once;
(5) young ginseng management:
(1) when growth of seedling is when occurring that the former base of five tentacles or seedling 20%~30% develop into doliolaria, import and breed pond; Select water white polyethylene corrugated plate to do adherance, water temperature remains on 15~23 DEG C, and illumination is 500~1000lx, and salinity is 29~32 ‰, and dissolved oxygen is more than 5 ㎎/l, and pH value is 7.8~8.5, cultivates density and is controlled at 0.5~1 Tou/㎝2
(2) breed pond and adopt flowing water method to improve water quality, every day flowing water 4~6 times, each 2~3 hours, every day, streamflow was to breed 3~4 times of pond water body; Every 2~3 days soil pick-ups 1 time, two weeks falls pond 1 time;
(3) bait of throwing something and feeding, bait main component is sargassum thunbergii powder, sargassum powder, fish meal, saccharomycete, ooze, immune polysaccharide and/or steel wire algae;
(4) throw something and feed photosynthetic bacteria to improve the micro-ecological environment of breeding pond, purify water, strengthen young ginseng resistance against diseases;
(6) removing seed is dirty:
In seedling and young ginseng stage, it is dirty that adherance grows a large amount of salt loud, high-pitched sounds etc., in the time of the falling pond clear end of stichopus japonicus, first prepares a basin seawater, and 5 jin of seedlings are put into basin, rotates basin water by hand, in the middle of dirty concentrating on, fishes for 15 centimetre of 100 little fishing net of order of diameter.
2. the mating system of novel juvenile stichopus according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described adherance sodium hydroxide solution with 0.5 ‰-1.0 ‰ before input soaks 2~3 days, then wash and brush one times with liquor potassic permanganate, then rinse well with filtering sea, after washing, put into and breed pond and inoculate benthic diatom, stir, transfixion, be inverted adherance next day, inoculation another side.
CN201210083064.3A 2012-03-27 2012-03-27 A kind of mating system of novel juvenile stichopus Active CN103355224B (en)

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CN103583909B (en) * 2013-11-20 2014-11-19 文登市水产技术推广站 Bait for juvenile sea cucumber in growing period and preparation method of bait
CN103609504A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-03-05 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Artificial breeding method of southward stichopus japonicus
CN104719206B (en) * 2015-03-23 2017-07-25 海南定利养殖种苗有限公司 A kind of mating system of Holothuria scabra artificial seed
CN106688985A (en) * 2017-03-24 2017-05-24 青岛农业大学 Artificial egg collecting and hatching method of California holothurian
CN110063280A (en) * 2018-01-22 2019-07-30 大连鑫玉龙海洋生物种业科技股份有限公司 Xia Fangfa is got in a kind of imitative stichopus japonicus kind interior

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