CN103353115A - Multifunctional combustion furnace with function of flue gas purification treatment - Google Patents

Multifunctional combustion furnace with function of flue gas purification treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103353115A
CN103353115A CN2013102303911A CN201310230391A CN103353115A CN 103353115 A CN103353115 A CN 103353115A CN 2013102303911 A CN2013102303911 A CN 2013102303911A CN 201310230391 A CN201310230391 A CN 201310230391A CN 103353115 A CN103353115 A CN 103353115A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue gas
gas
incinerator
floating ash
incineration
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Granted
Application number
CN2013102303911A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103353115B (en
Inventor
刘启宏
丁冲
于勇
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Weihai Luyuan Technology Environmental Protection Equipment Co Ltd
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Weihai Luyuan Technology Environmental Protection Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310230391.1A priority Critical patent/CN103353115B/en
Publication of CN103353115A publication Critical patent/CN103353115A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/30Technologies for a more efficient combustion or heat usage

Abstract

The invention relates to a multifunctional combustion furnace with a function of flue gas purification treatment, which comprises a combustion furnace, a cooling system, a bag-type dust remover and a discharge system, wherein the furnace body is fixed on a base in a way of forming an inclined angle of 15 degrees, which facilitates feeding and incineration; a flue gas flash board is arranged at the top part of a furnace chamber and used for adjusting the working pressure of the furnace chamber; a floating ash box is arranged at the periphery of a chimney and is connected with the furnace chamber through an ash leakage plate; a dust removing nozzle is arranged on the floating ash box and allows the floating ash generated during the incineration process to enter into the furnace chamber again for continuous incineration, so as to achieve the complete incineration purpose; the high-temperature flue gas generated during the incineration process is subjected to heat exchange with ordinary temperature water in a chill box, so as to allow the high-temperature flue gas to reduce below 200 DEG C instantaneously. Through the adoption of the structure, the combustion furnace has the features of complete incineration, high dust removal efficiency, good environment-friendly effect, and the like, and can be widely used for incineration field.

Description

A kind of Multifunctional incinerator with the gas cleaning processing
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of incinerator, specifically a kind of Multifunctional incinerator with the gas cleaning processing.
Background technology
We know, at present, incinerator is various in style on the market, but the incinerator of a tractor serves several purposes still less, although some incinerators adopt preheater and overheavy firing etc. to improve incineration speed, fuel saving, but effect is all not obvious, has still that fuel availability is low, a defective such as flue gas poor processing effect, environmental pollution are serious.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of and integrates burning, gas cleaning is processed, thereby reach the Multifunctional incinerator that the purpose band gas cleanings such as abundant burning, purifying smoke are processed.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that adopts: a kind of Multifunctional incinerator with the gas cleaning processing, be provided with incinerator, cooling system, sack cleaner, exhaust system, it is characterized in that: the body of heater of described incinerator is provided with airduct in burning blower fan, burner hearth, the stove, enters bin gate, burner, fire bars, except ash bin, body of heater chimney, running water pipe, magnetic valve, dust removal showerhead, leakage hawk, floating ash bin, flue gas flashboard, body of heater is fixed on the pedestal, be 15 degree angles of inclination with pedestal, be convenient to pan feeding and burn; Burner hearth is positioned at the middle part of body of heater, is provided with into airduct in bin gate, burner and the Duo Gen stove, and airduct links to each other with the burning blower fan in the stove, and for incineration provides sufficient oxygen, burner links to each other with diesel oil purifier, digital metering table, fuel tank; Burner hearth bottom is provided with fire bars, is provided with under the fire bars except ash bin; Roof of the furnace is provided with flue gas flashboard, body of heater chimney, floating ash bin, and floating ash bin links to each other with burner hearth by leaking hawk, and the body of heater chimney top is provided with the flue dust cover; Floating ash bin is provided with dust removal showerhead, and dust removal showerhead links to each other with running water by running water pipe, and running water pipe is provided with magnetic valve, the flow of control water; Regulate furnace pressure by the flue gas flashboard during burning, when furnace pressure reaches setting value, flue dust enters floating ash bin by the flue gas flashboard through the body of heater chimney, dust removal showerhead is removed the floating ash in the flue gas, open leakage hawk, the floating ash that falls into floating ash bin bottom can enter burner hearth to be continued to burn, and reaches the purpose of thoroughly incinerating fully; The lime-ash that incineration course produces, fall under the fire bars except ash bin, open ashpit and can remove lime-ash.
Cooling system of the present invention is comprised of cooler bin, water tank, water pump, water pipe, gas-liquid separator, is provided with many cooling tubes in the cooler bin, and the cooler bin bottom links to each other with incinerator by smoke discharging pipe, and the top links to each other with gas-liquid separator by smoke discharging pipe; Water pump links to each other by the bottom of water pipe with water tank and cooler bin, the high-temperature flue gas that produces in the burning process enters cooling tube in the cooler bin by smoke discharging pipe, under the effect of water pump, the normal-temperature water in the water tank is squeezed in the cooler bin, make high-temperature flue gas and normal-temperature water carry out heat exchange, high-temperature flue gas moment is down to below 200 ℃, to satisfy the requirement of cloth bag operating temperature, then by the water pipe that is located at the cooler bin top high-temperature water is failed recovery tank, form the water circulation system of a closure, reach the purpose of flue gas cooling; Flue gas through cooling enters gas-liquid separator by smoke discharging pipe, moves in the centrifugal inclined mode that dips down, and the moisture in the flue gas is separated, and reaches the purpose of aqueous vapor purifying.
Sack cleaner of the present invention, the flue gas that separates through cooling, aqueous vapor purifies through sack cleaner, and the fine particles in removing smoke reaches the purpose of gas cleaning with noxious materials such as bioxin.
Smoke evacuation system of the present invention is comprised of draught fan, chimney; The flue gas that is purified by sack cleaner directly enters atmosphere by chimney under the effect of air-introduced machine.
The present invention has novel structure owing to adopting said structure, and it is unique to design, and the characteristics such as incineration is thorough, purification, efficiency of dust collection is high, environment protecting is good can be widely used in remains, life, medical treatment burning etc.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is profile of the present invention.
Be labeled as among the figure: 1. the blower fan that burns, 2. burner hearth, 3. burner, 4. leakage hawk, 5. running water pipe, 6. magnetic valve, 7. dust removal showerhead, 8 smoke discharging pipes 9. enter bin gate, 10. pedestal, 11. fire bars, 12. bodies of heater, 13. except ash bin, 14. cooler bins, 15. water pump, 16. water pipes, 17. water tanks, 18. gas-liquid separators, 19. sack cleaner, 20. draught fans, 21. chimneys, 22. body of heater chimneys, 23. floating ash bin, airduct in the 24. flue gas flashboards, 25 stoves, 26. ashpits.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the present invention is described further:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of Multifunctional incinerator with the gas cleaning processing, be provided with incinerator, cooling system, sack cleaner, exhaust system, the body of heater 12 that it is characterized in that said incinerator is provided with airduct 25 in burning blower fan 1, burner hearth 2, the stove, enters bin gate 9, burner 3, fire bars 11, except ash bin 13, body of heater chimney 22, running water pipe 5, magnetic valve 6, dust removal showerhead 7, leak hawk 4, floating ash bin 23, flue gas flashboard 24.Body of heater 12 is fixed on the pedestal 10, is 15 degree angles of inclination with pedestal 10, is convenient to pan feeding and burns; Burner hearth 2 is positioned at the middle part of body of heater 12, is provided with into airduct 25 in bin gate 9, burner 3 and the Duo Gen stove, and airduct 25 links to each other with burning blower fan 1 in the stove, and for incineration provides sufficient oxygen, burner 3 links to each other with diesel oil purifier, digital metering table, fuel tank; Burner hearth 2 bottoms are provided with fire bars 11, are provided with under the fire bars 11 except ash bin 13; Burner hearth 2 tops are provided with flue gas flashboard 24, body of heater chimney 22, floating ash bin 23, and floating ash bin 23 links to each other with burner hearth 2 by leaking hawk 4, and body of heater chimney 22 tops are provided with the flue dust cover; Floating ash bin 23 is provided with dust removal showerhead 7, and dust removal showerhead 7 links to each other with running water by running water pipe 5, and running water pipe 5 is provided with magnetic valve 6, the flow of control water; Regulate furnace pressure by flue gas flashboard 24 during burning, when furnace pressure reaches setting value, flue dust enters floating ash bin 23 by flue gas flashboard 24 through body of heater chimney 10, dust removal showerhead 7 is removed the floating ash in the flue gas, open Lou hawk 4, the floating ash that falls into floating ash bin bottom can enter burner hearth 2 to be continued to burn, and reaches the purpose of thoroughly incinerating fully; The lime-ash that incineration course produces, fall under the fire bars 11 except ash bin 13, open ashpit 26 and can remove lime-ash.
Cooling system of the present invention, formed by cooler bin 14, water tank 17, water pump 15, water pipe 16, gas-liquid separator 18, be provided with many cooling tubes in the cooler bin 14, cooler bin 14 bottoms link to each other with incinerator by smoke discharging pipe 8, and the top links to each other with gas-liquid separator 18 by smoke discharging pipe 8; Water pump 15 links to each other with the bottom of water tank 17 with cooler bin 14 by water pipe 16, the high-temperature flue gas that produces in the burning process enters cooling tube in the cooler bin 14 by smoke discharging pipe 8, under the effect of water pump 15, the normal-temperature water in the water tank 17 is squeezed in the cooler bin 14, make high-temperature flue gas and normal-temperature water carry out heat exchange, high-temperature flue gas moment is down to below 200 ℃, to satisfy the requirement of cloth bag operating temperature.Then by the water pipe 16 that is located at cooler bin 14 tops high-temperature water is inputted water tank 17, form the water circulation system of a closure, reach the purpose of flue gas cooling; Flue gas through cooling enters gas-liquid separator 18 by smoke discharging pipe 8, moves in the centrifugal inclined mode that dips down, and the moisture in the flue gas is separated, and reaches the purpose of aqueous vapor purifying.
Sack cleaner 19 of the present invention, the flue gas that separates through cooling, aqueous vapor purifies through sack cleaner, and the fine particles in removing smoke reaches the purpose of gas cleaning with noxious materials such as bioxin.
Smoke evacuation system of the present invention is comprised of draught fan 20, chimney 21; The flue gas that is purified by sack cleaner 19 directly enters atmosphere by chimney 21 under the effect of draught fan 20.
When the present invention uses, open into bin gate, combustible is written into burner hearth, close into bin gate, open burner, air blast, combustible begins to burn, and the wind that blows into from air blast provides oxygen for burning; When furnace pressure reached setting value, the flue gas flashboard was opened, and flue gas enters floating ash bin by the flue gas flashboard, and dust removal showerhead is removed the floating ash in the flue gas, fell into floating ash bin bottom, opened leakage hawk, and floating ash reenters hearth combustion; Enter cooler bin through the flue gas of just processing by smoke discharging pipe, carry out heat exchange with normal-temperature water, moment is cooled to high-temperature flue gas below 200 ℃, separate by water, the gas of gas-liquid separator with flue gas again, under the effect of sack cleaner with the fine particles in the flue gas He the noxious materials such as bioxin remove, under the effect of draught fan, by chimney with flue gas discharged to atmosphere, open at last ashpit, incineration course fallen into except the lime-ash of ash bin remove, arrive the purpose of incineration of garbage processing, gas cleaning.

Claims (7)

1. Multifunctional incinerator of processing with gas cleaning, be provided with incinerator, cooling system, sack cleaner, exhaust system, the body of heater that it is characterized in that said incinerator is provided with airduct in burning blower fan, burner hearth, the stove, enters bin gate, burner, fire bars, except ash bin, body of heater chimney, running water pipe, magnetic valve, dust removal showerhead, leakage hawk, floating ash bin, flue gas flashboard.
2. the Multifunctional incinerator with the gas cleaning processing according to claim 1 is characterized in that body of heater is fixed on the pedestal, is 15 degree angles of inclination with pedestal, is convenient to pan feeding and burns.
3. the Multifunctional incinerator with the gas cleaning processing according to claim 1 is characterized in that roof of the furnace is provided with the flue gas flashboard, and the flue gas flashboard can be regulated the burner hearth operating pressure, and when furnace pressure reached setting value, flue dust entered floating ash bin by the flue gas flashboard.
4. the Multifunctional incinerator with the gas cleaning processing according to claim 1 is characterized in that the body of heater chimney is arranged with floating ash bin outward, and floating ash bin links to each other with burner hearth by leaking hawk; Floating ash bin is provided with dust removal showerhead, and dust removal showerhead can make the floating ash that produces in the burning process reenter the burner hearth continuation and burn, and reaches the purpose of thoroughly incinerating fully.
5. the Multifunctional incinerator of processing with gas cleaning according to claim 1, it is characterized in that said cooling system, formed by cooler bin, water tank, water pump, water pipe, gas-liquid separator, burning process produces high-temperature flue gas can carry out heat exchange with normal-temperature water in cooler bin, high-temperature flue gas moment is down to below 200 ℃.
6. the Multifunctional incinerator of processing with gas cleaning according to claim 5 is characterized in that described gas-liquid separator can separate the moisture in the flue gas after the cooling, reaches the purpose of aqueous vapor purifying.
7. the Multifunctional incinerator of processing with gas cleaning according to claim 1 is characterized in that sack cleaner, can remove fine particles in the flue gas with noxious materials such as bioxin, reaches the purpose of gas cleaning.
CN201310230391.1A 2013-06-12 2013-06-12 A kind of Multifunctional incinerator with gas cleaning process Active CN103353115B (en)

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CN103353115B CN103353115B (en) 2016-04-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104515139A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-15 华能桐乡燃机热电有限责任公司 High-capacity ground cooling device
CN107166419A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-15 中国环境科学研究院 Flue gas indirect water-cooling device and method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2180891Y (en) * 1993-08-02 1994-10-26 杨景森 Recombustion type burning furnace
JPH11211033A (en) * 1998-01-26 1999-08-06 Nkk Corp Waste disposal plant and combustion method thereof
CN2371450Y (en) * 1998-12-23 2000-03-29 潘其俊 Medical refuse incinerator
CN2725720Y (en) * 2004-09-09 2005-09-14 徐国文 Experiment animal incinerator
CN101153712A (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-02 刘立竹 Medical destructor system
CN201748432U (en) * 2010-06-09 2011-02-16 丁云波 Environment-friendly energy-saving incinerator
CN201988321U (en) * 2011-02-14 2011-09-28 民政部一零一研究所 Incinerating smoke cleaning processing device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2180891Y (en) * 1993-08-02 1994-10-26 杨景森 Recombustion type burning furnace
JPH11211033A (en) * 1998-01-26 1999-08-06 Nkk Corp Waste disposal plant and combustion method thereof
CN2371450Y (en) * 1998-12-23 2000-03-29 潘其俊 Medical refuse incinerator
CN2725720Y (en) * 2004-09-09 2005-09-14 徐国文 Experiment animal incinerator
CN101153712A (en) * 2006-09-29 2008-04-02 刘立竹 Medical destructor system
CN201748432U (en) * 2010-06-09 2011-02-16 丁云波 Environment-friendly energy-saving incinerator
CN201988321U (en) * 2011-02-14 2011-09-28 民政部一零一研究所 Incinerating smoke cleaning processing device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104515139A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-04-15 华能桐乡燃机热电有限责任公司 High-capacity ground cooling device
CN107166419A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-15 中国环境科学研究院 Flue gas indirect water-cooling device and method

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