CN103352293A - Flame-retardant and fireproof fabric, and processing technology and textile thereof - Google Patents

Flame-retardant and fireproof fabric, and processing technology and textile thereof Download PDF

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CN103352293A
CN103352293A CN2013101372399A CN201310137239A CN103352293A CN 103352293 A CN103352293 A CN 103352293A CN 2013101372399 A CN2013101372399 A CN 2013101372399A CN 201310137239 A CN201310137239 A CN 201310137239A CN 103352293 A CN103352293 A CN 103352293A
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flame
fibre
temperature
processing technology
retardant
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CN103352293B (en
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杨小波
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Shanghai Zanray Industrial Co., Ltd.
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Jinjiang Mingao Textile Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to flame-retardant and fireproof fabric, and a processing technology and textile thereof. Warp yarns adopt wool tops formed by blending flame-retardant acrylic, flame viscose, fine-denier polyester and aramid fiber 1313 fiber; weft yarns adopt wool tops formed by blending alginate fiber, polyphenylene sulfide, polysulfonamide and phenolic fiber; then the warp yarns and the weft yarns form the flame-retardant and fireproof fabric through steps of dyeing, fixation, rinsing, sizing, weaving, desizing, rinsing, drying, baking, full decatizing and the like. The fabric has the characteristics of simple processing technology, good flame-retardant effect and the like, and can be applied to apparel, home textile, sports goods, medical care and fireproof fabric.

Description

A kind of flame-proof fireproof facing material, processing technology and fabric thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fireproof facing material field, be specifically related to a kind of flame-proof fireproof facing material, processing technology and fabric thereof.
Background technology
Sound along with expanding economy and state legal system, flame retardant textiles apply the attention that will cause the whole society.Abroad to the exploitation of flame-retardant textile and study morely, some industrially developed country have just formulated the flame retardant regulation of textiles mid-term as far back as 20 century 70s, and require in recent years more and more highlyer, stipulate more and more thinner.In recent years, China increases gradually to the research and development of flame retardant textiles, and has obtained sizable progress.Along with the quickening that urban modernization is built, the development of tourism, transportation, and the increase of export trade textiles demand, flame retardant textiles exists huge potential market.
As far back as the sixties in 20th century so far, fire retardant market, the world has experienced a flourish stage, have at present hundreds of different kinds, and the BACN kind still emerges in an endless stream, but be used for PET fire-retardant mainly be halogen system, phosphorus system and novel flame retardant polyester/inorganic nano composite material.Polyester fiber is the same with other thermoplastic synthetic fiber's materials, melted by heating, decomposition, burning, and have the phenomenon of melting drippage, the limited oxygen index of polyster fibre is about 21 only, does not reach the flame-retardant standard requirement.From the beginning of the seventies in last century, along with a large amount of productions and the application of polyester fiber, people begin to note research and development flame-resistant terylene kind.For example, du pont company, Japanese Japan company, German Hirst companies etc. successively have flame-resistant terylene commodity and patent to come out.After entering the eighties, abroad with the large-scale production of flame-resistant terylene kind, but used technology and key assistant---fire retardant externally holds in close confidence, this period, the research paper of publishing, document is few, report with the patent form in a large number, Dupont, Celanese, food machinery chemical company, Aksu company, Monsanto Company, the businessman of Japan, east is beautiful, Japan is spun, clock spins, Kuraray, the Ai Kesi synthetic fibre, the mitsubishi rayon, the Hirst of Germany, BASF, Baeyer, the DMS of Holland, the world-renowned companies such as Italy Snia have all successively applied for fire-retardant patented technology.Countries in the world are very active to research and the application and development of flame retardant polyester, and patent documentation continues to bring out, and the kind of various flame retardant polyesters is also constantly come out, and has researched and developed ten hundreds of various fire retardants, and commercially produce also have tens kinds.Yet its production technology is more complicated always.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention mainly solves provides a kind of simple, and a kind of production technology of high-quality flame-proof fireproof facing material can be provided.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is:
A kind of processing technology of flame-proof fireproof facing material may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation functional yams lines: the wool top that the footpath yarn adopts flame-retardant acrylic fibre, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 blending to be made into, then the wool top that weft yarn adopts alginate fibre, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre blending to form is prepared from warp thread and weft yarn through blowing, opener, drafting, rove, spun yarn, winder twisting.
(2) dyeing, fixation, washing: adopt REACTIVE DYES that the functional yams lines are dyeed, at first under 40-50 ℃, carry out pre-treatment 10-15min, add anti-staining agent 15-20g/l, after rerunning 8-10 minute, re-use active dye fixing agent KS and do fixation treatment, more respectively in 35-45 ℃ of lower hot water wash and at normal temperatures cold wash.
(3) sizing: warper beam unwinding-starching, temperature are the strand-oven dry of 70 ℃-hygroscopic water, 85 ℃-dried leasing-coiling of temperature, and tension force is 0.26mpa, moisture regain: 12.2%, slurry therewith is acrylic size;
(4) weave cotton cloth: the functional sliver after adopting knitting or weaving to process is made into cloth.
(5) destarch, washing, oven dry: at first cloth was banked up 50-60 minute in the destarch enzyme BF-7658 of 0.8-1.2G/L, temperature is controlled at 40 ℃-50 ℃, then use 20-30 ℃ clear water to wash 35-55 minute, dry in dryer at last, temperature is controlled at 70 ℃-90 ℃.
(5) dipping antiflaming finishing agent: the temperature of dipping is controlled at about 30 ℃, and the time is 7-8 hour, and is rear with clear water cleaning 20 minutes.
(6) bake and bank up with earth, tank steams: bake and bank up with earth 50-70s under 160-180 ℃ of temperature, then utilize two round-robin methods to carry out tank and steam 140s, press in the control: 0.9bar; External pressure: 1.3bar.
(7) finished product typing.
The application of flame-proof fireproof facing material in sports goods, health care, fire prevention
The percentage by weight of the flame-retardant acrylic fibre that its central diameter yarn adopts, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 is 20%:15%:30%:35%.The percentage by weight of the alginate fibre that weft yarn adopts, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre is 30%:15%:25%:30%.Described antiflaming finishing agent is APP.Consumption is the 3-10% of fabric weight.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
(1) the present invention adopts multiple fiber blend with flame retardant effect to be formed by weaving, and flame retardant effect is remarkable.
(2) make fabric lining by warp thread and weft yarn blending, this processing mode makes fabric intensity stronger, and uses alginate fibre in the material that uses, and can impel human body metabolism vigorous, makes healthy.And the aethiops vegetabilis fiber contains mineral matter and can emit the α ripple, makes people's mental state loose and have a comfort.The aethiops vegetabilis fabric lining has insulation and health care double effects, and long-term dress makes the friction of human body molecule produce thermal response, promotes the health blood circulation, has a kind of effect of heat storing and heat preserving.The aethiops vegetabilis fiber also has insulation, antibiotic and odor-resistant result.
(3) in process, flood the APP antiflaming finishing agent so that the flame retardant effect of fabric is better.
The specific embodiment
The below is described in detail preferred embodiment of the present invention, thereby so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that protection scope of the present invention is made more explicit defining.
Embodiment 1
A kind of processing technology of flame-proof fireproof facing material may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation functional yams lines: the wool top that the footpath yarn adopts flame-retardant acrylic fibre, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 blending to be made into, then the wool top that weft yarn adopts alginate fibre, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre blending to form is prepared from warp thread and weft yarn through blowing, opener, drafting, rove, spun yarn, winder twisting.The percentage by weight of the flame-retardant acrylic fibre that the footpath yarn adopts, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 is 20%:15%:30%:35%.The percentage by weight of the alginate fibre that weft yarn adopts, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre is 30%:15%:25%:30%.
(2) dyeing, fixation, washing: adopt REACTIVE DYES that the functional yams lines are dyeed, at first under 40 ℃, carry out pre-treatment 15min, add anti-staining agent 15g/l, after rerunning 8 minutes, re-use active dye fixing agent KS and do fixation treatment, more respectively in 35 ℃ of lower hot water wash and at normal temperatures cold wash.
(3) sizing: warper beam unwinding-starching, temperature are the strand-oven dry of 70 ℃-hygroscopic water, 85 ℃-dried leasing-coiling of temperature, and tension force is 0.26mpa, moisture regain: 12.2%, slurry therewith is acrylic size;
(4) weave cotton cloth: the functional sliver after adopting knitting or weaving to process is made into cloth.
(5) destarch, washing, oven dry: at first cloth was banked up 50 minutes in the destarch enzyme BF-7658 of 0.8-1.2G/L, temperature is controlled at 50 ℃, then uses 20 ℃ clear water to wash 55 minutes, dries in dryer at last, and temperature is controlled at 70 ℃.
(5) dipping antiflaming finishing agent: selecting antiflaming finishing agent is APP, and consumption is 3% of fabric weight;
The temperature of dipping is controlled at about 30 ℃, and the time is 8 hours, and is rear with clear water cleaning 20 minutes.
(6) bake and bank up with earth, tank steams: bake and bank up with earth 70s under 160 ℃ of temperature, then utilize two round-robin methods to carry out tank and steam 140s, press in the control: 0.9bar; External pressure: 1.3bar.
(7) finished product typing.
Embodiment 2
A kind of processing technology of flame-proof fireproof facing material may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation functional yams lines: the wool top that the footpath yarn adopts flame-retardant acrylic fibre, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 blending to be made into, then the wool top that weft yarn adopts alginate fibre, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre blending to form is prepared from warp thread and weft yarn through blowing, opener, drafting, rove, spun yarn, winder twisting.The percentage by weight of the flame-retardant acrylic fibre that the footpath yarn adopts, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 is 20%:15%:30%:35%.The percentage by weight of the alginate fibre that weft yarn adopts, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre is 30%:15%:25%:30%.
(2) dyeing, fixation, washing: adopt REACTIVE DYES that the functional yams lines are dyeed, at first under 45 ℃, carry out pre-treatment 13min, add anti-staining agent 18g/l, after rerunning 9 minutes, re-use active dye fixing agent KS and do fixation treatment, more respectively in 40 ℃ of lower hot water wash and at normal temperatures cold wash.
(3) sizing: warper beam unwinding-starching, temperature are the strand-oven dry of 70 ℃-hygroscopic water, 85 ℃-dried leasing-coiling of temperature, and tension force is 0.26mpa, moisture regain: 12.2%, slurry therewith is acrylic size;
(4) weave cotton cloth: the functional sliver after adopting knitting or weaving to process is made into cloth.
(5) destarch, washing, oven dry: at first cloth was banked up 55 minutes in the destarch enzyme BF-7658 of 0.8-1.2G/L, temperature is controlled at 45 ℃, then uses 25 ℃ clear water to wash 45 minutes, dries in dryer at last, and temperature is controlled at 80 ℃.
(5) dipping antiflaming finishing agent: selecting antiflaming finishing agent is APP, and consumption is 6% of fabric weight;
The temperature of dipping is controlled at about 30 ℃, and the time is 7.5 hours, and is rear with clear water cleaning 20 minutes.
(6) bake and bank up with earth, tank steams: bake and bank up with earth 60s under 170 ℃ of temperature, then utilize two round-robin methods to carry out tank and steam 140s, press in the control: 0.9bar; External pressure: 1.3bar.
(7) finished product typing.
Embodiment 3
A kind of processing technology of flame-proof fireproof facing material may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation functional yams lines: the wool top that the footpath yarn adopts flame-retardant acrylic fibre, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 blending to be made into, then the wool top that weft yarn adopts alginate fibre, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre blending to form is prepared from warp thread and weft yarn through blowing, opener, drafting, rove, spun yarn, winder twisting.The percentage by weight of the flame-retardant acrylic fibre that the footpath yarn adopts, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 is 20%:15%:30%:35%.The percentage by weight of the alginate fibre that weft yarn adopts, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre is 30%:15%:25%:30%.
(2) dyeing, fixation, washing: adopt REACTIVE DYES that the functional yams lines are dyeed, at first under 50 ℃, carry out pre-treatment 10min, add anti-staining agent 18g/l, after rerunning 10 minutes, re-use active dye fixing agent KS and do fixation treatment, more respectively in 45 ℃ of lower hot water wash and at normal temperatures cold wash.
(3) sizing: warper beam unwinding-starching, temperature are the strand-oven dry of 70 ℃-hygroscopic water, 85 ℃-dried leasing-coiling of temperature, and tension force is 0.26mpa, moisture regain: 12.2%, slurry therewith is acrylic size;
(4) weave cotton cloth: the functional sliver after adopting knitting or weaving to process is made into cloth.
(5) destarch, washing, oven dry: at first cloth was banked up 60 minutes in the destarch enzyme BF-7658 of 0.8-1.2G/L, temperature is controlled at 40 ℃, then uses 30 ℃ clear water to wash 35 minutes, dries in dryer at last, and temperature is controlled at 90 ℃.
(5) dipping antiflaming finishing agent: selecting antiflaming finishing agent is APP, and consumption is 10% of fabric weight;
The temperature of dipping is controlled at about 30 ℃, and the time is 8 hours, and is rear with clear water cleaning 20 minutes.
(6) bake and bank up with earth, tank steams: bake and bank up with earth 50s under 180 ℃ of temperature, then utilize two round-robin methods to carry out tank and steam 140s, press in the control: 0.9bar; External pressure: 1.3bar.
(7) finished product typing.
Respectively the finished product fabric among the embodiment is carried out following several test, the result is as shown in table 1:
The technical indicator of flame-proof fireproof facing material test among table 1 the present invention
Contrast Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
After flame time (s) 3.5 3.4 3.3
Char length (mm) 93 94 92
Wear-resistant index (level) 4 4 4.5
Tearing brute force radially 67 65 72
Dimension is to tearing brute force 62 67 68
Fabric quality is than resistance Ω g/cm 2 7.2×10 11 5.3×10 11 5.7×10 11
Annotate: 1, wear-resistant index: fabric is the anti-fluffing and anti-pilling grade after 36000 frictions; 2, tearing brute force: size of sample be 81 * 66/time, the yarn specification is 32S/3 * 2S/2.

Claims (5)

1. the processing technology of a high flame retardant fireproof facing material may further comprise the steps:
(1) preparation functional yams lines: the wool top that the footpath yarn adopts flame-retardant acrylic fibre, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 blending to be made into, then the wool top that weft yarn adopts alginate fibre, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre blending to form is prepared from warp thread and weft yarn through blowing, opener, drafting, rove, spun yarn, winder twisting;
(2) dyeing, fixation, washing: adopt REACTIVE DYES that the functional yams lines are dyeed, at first under 40-50 ℃, carry out pre-treatment 10-15min, add anti-staining agent 15-20g/l, after rerunning 8-10 minute, re-use active dye fixing agent KS and do fixation treatment, more respectively in 35-45 ℃ of lower hot water wash and at normal temperatures cold wash;
(3) sizing: warper beam unwinding-starching, temperature are the strand-oven dry of 70 ℃-hygroscopic water, 85 ℃-dried leasing-coiling of temperature, and tension force is 0.26mpa, moisture regain: 12.2%, slurry therewith is acrylic size;
(4) weave cotton cloth: the functional sliver after adopting knitting or weaving to process is made into cloth;
(5) destarch, washing, oven dry: at first cloth was banked up 50-60 minute in the destarch enzyme BF-7658 of 0.8-1.2G/L, temperature is controlled at 40 ℃-50 ℃, then use 20-30 ℃ clear water to wash 35-55 minute, dry in dryer at last, temperature is controlled at 70 ℃-90 ℃;
(6) dipping antiflaming finishing agent: the temperature of dipping is controlled at about 30 ℃, and the time is 7-8 hour, and is rear with clear water cleaning 20 minutes;
(7) bake and bank up with earth, tank steams: bake and bank up with earth 50-70s under 160-180 ℃ of temperature, then utilize two round-robin methods to carry out tank and steam 140s, press in the control: 0.9bar; External pressure: 1.3bar;
(8) finished product typing.
2. the processing technology of a kind of high flame retardant fireproof facing material as claimed in claim 1, the percentage by weight of the flame-retardant acrylic fibre that the footpath yarn adopts, anti-flaming viscose, fine denier polyester, aramid fiber 1313 is 20%:15%:30%:35%, and the percentage by weight of the alginate fibre that weft yarn adopts, polyphenylene sulfide, fragrant sulfone synthetic fibre, phenolic fibre is 30%:15%:25%:30%.
3. the processing technology of a kind of high flame retardant fireproof facing material as claimed in claim 1, described antiflaming finishing agent is APP, consumption is the 3-10% of fabric weight.
4. high flame retardant fireproof facing material, it is prepared from by each described processing technology of claim 1-3.
5. the high flame retardant fireproof facing material of each production spins the application in articles for use, sports goods, health care, the fire prevention in clothes, family according to claim 1-3.
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CN104131393A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-11-05 南通纺科纺织科技有限公司 Flame-retardant fabric and processing technique thereof
CN104260260A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 上海大学 Preparation method of polysulfonamide plate
CN104256943A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 张矢超 Arc protection garment and manufacturing method thereof
CN104611806A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-13 上海特安纶纤维有限公司 Flame retardant yarn comprising aromatic polymer fiber containing sulfuryl, fabric made of same and preparation method
CN104630958A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-20 上海特安纶纤维有限公司 Fabric comprising fire-retardant yarn of blended polymer fiber containing aromatic polyamide and polyarylsulfone and production method of fabric
CN104630957A (en) * 2015-02-13 2015-05-20 上海特安纶纤维有限公司 Yarn and fabric made of polyphenylene sulfide fibers and blended fibers based on aromatic polyamide and Astrel 360 and production method of yarn and fabric
CN104695076A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-06-10 上海特安纶纤维有限公司 Aromatic high-temperature resistance fiber mixture containing sulfuryl and product of aromatic high-temperature resistance fiber mixture
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CN104131393A (en) * 2014-06-06 2014-11-05 南通纺科纺织科技有限公司 Flame-retardant fabric and processing technique thereof
CN104260260A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 上海大学 Preparation method of polysulfonamide plate
CN104256943A (en) * 2014-09-11 2015-01-07 张矢超 Arc protection garment and manufacturing method thereof
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CN104695076A (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-06-10 上海特安纶纤维有限公司 Aromatic high-temperature resistance fiber mixture containing sulfuryl and product of aromatic high-temperature resistance fiber mixture
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