CN103348803A - Double-row shallow-buried drip irrigation sower on peanut ridge - Google Patents

Double-row shallow-buried drip irrigation sower on peanut ridge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103348803A
CN103348803A CN2013103150203A CN201310315020A CN103348803A CN 103348803 A CN103348803 A CN 103348803A CN 2013103150203 A CN2013103150203 A CN 2013103150203A CN 201310315020 A CN201310315020 A CN 201310315020A CN 103348803 A CN103348803 A CN 103348803A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
irrigate band
drip
peanut
sower
drip tape
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2013103150203A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103348803B (en
Inventor
王慧新
吴占鹏
苏君伟
蔡立天
陆岩
罗祥志
吴金桐
李楠
关冰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LIAONING WIND DRIFT SAND MELIORATE APPLICATIONS INSTITUTE
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LIAONING WIND DRIFT SAND MELIORATE APPLICATIONS INSTITUTE
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201310315020.3A priority Critical patent/CN103348803B/en
Publication of CN103348803A publication Critical patent/CN103348803A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103348803B publication Critical patent/CN103348803B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The invention belongs to agricultural machinery, and particularly relates to a double-row shallow-buried drip irrigation sower on a peanut ridge. According to the invention, sling chains (7) are connected between backs of an upper bracket (6) and a lower bracket (8), three parallel drip tape chuck shaft brackets (2) which are at the same height are fixed at a forward middle parts of the upper bracket (6) and the lower bracket (8); two drip tape chuck shafts (3) are mounted between the three drip tape chuck shaft brackets (2); drip tape chucks (1) are mounted at two ends of the two drip tape chuck shafts (3); drip tapes (23) are mounted on the drip tape chuck shafts (3); the drip tapes (23) penetrate drip tape guide pipes (18), pass the bottom of drip tape rightening wheels (14), and are paved underground; two seed boxes (4) are fixed at the upper part of the upper bracket (6) through seed box fixing brackets (5); two seeding devices (4-2) are arranged at the lower part of each seed box (4) respectively; the drip tapes (23) are paved between the two seeding devices (4-2). According to the sower, the seedling emergence of peanut is fast, the irrigation water is saved, the efficiency for solar energy utilization of peanut is improved; the soil resources are fully utilized, the peanut yield is improved, and the economic benefit is increased.

Description

Duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower on the peanut ridge
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery, particularly the duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower on the ridge of cultivating peanut.
Background technology
Many at semiarid region plantation peanut in northern China, coerce in order to alleviate spring drought, mainly with ditch kind or flat form plantation peanut of planting, line-spacing generally will be about 60cm, because line-spacing is excessive, the peanut growth later stage can not be sealed the ridge, waste land area and Luminous energy resource, in addition, ditch kind or flat the kind are unfavorable for soil warming, if run into the low temperature high humidity, mashed kind easily, also be unfavorable for clear of peanut simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned technical deficiency, a kind of land area that takes full advantage of be provided, plantation rationally, the favourable peanut duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower on the peanut ridge of growth of emerging.
The technical scheme that technical solution problem of the present invention adopts is: duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower comprises upper spider on the peanut ridge, lower bearing bracket, plant the case fixed mount, plant case, the seeding unit power transmission shaft, seeding unit, fertile case, the fertilizer apparatus power transmission shaft, fertilizer apparatus, defertilizing tube, the profiling wheel shaft, contour wheel, pack roller, disk coverer, the sowing and ditching disk, the fertilising ditching-disk, be characterized in connecting with chain sling between the back of upper spider and lower carriage, fix three parallel contour irrigate band chuck pedestals in upper spider and the forward middle part on the lower bearing bracket, between three irrigate band chuck pedestals, fill two irrigate band chuck axis, at dress irrigate band, the two ends of two irrigate band chuck axis chuck, chuck axis is installed the irrigate band in the irrigate band, the irrigate band conduit is passed in the irrigate band, below the righting wheel of irrigate band, spread underground, above upper spider, fix two kind casees with kind of a case fixed mount, all establish two seeding units below each plants case, the irrigate band is laid between two seeding units.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower adopts duplicate rows plantation peanut on the ridge on the peanut ridge, and the disk coverer earthing is by pack roller suppression ridging, the one, favourable raising ground temperature.Peanut is emerged soon; The 2nd, irrigation water is economized, and a small amount of the irrigation just can arrive Peanut Root System; The 3rd, the peanut seeding row spacing is rational in infrastructure, has improved the peanut utility rate of luminous energy, takes full advantage of land resources, improves peanut yield, increases economic benefit.
Description of drawings
Specify with embodiment below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower structure chart on the peanut ridge.
Fig. 2 is seeder drive mechanism figure among Fig. 1.
Among the figure, 1-irrigate band chuck; 2-irrigate band chuck pedestal; 3-irrigate band chuck axis; 4-kind case; 4-1-seeding unit power transmission shaft; The 4-2-seeding unit; 5-kind case fixed mount; The 6-upper spider; The 7-chain sling; The 8-lower bearing bracket; The 9-pack roller; 10-pack roller frame; The 11-disk coverer; 12-disk coverer frame; 13-sowing and ditching disk; 14-irrigate band righting wheel; The 15-ditching-disk that applies fertilizer; The 16-contour wheel; 17-profiling wheel shaft; 18-irrigate band conduit; The 19-bearing block; 20-fertilizer apparatus power transmission shaft; 20-1-defertilizing amount regulating handle; The 21-fertilizer apparatus; The 21-1-defertilizing tube; The fertile case of 22-; The 23-irrigate band; The 24-chain; 25-profiling wheel shaft sprocket wheel; 26-seeding unit power transmission shaft sprocket wheel.
Embodiment
Embodiment, with reference to accompanying drawing 1,2, duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower is to connect with chain sling 7 between the back of upper spider 6 and lower bearing bracket 8 on the peanut ridge, upper spider 6 and lower bearing bracket 8 forward in the middle of the vertical parallel equidistant in place is contour fixes three irrigate band chuck pedestals 2, between three irrigate band chuck pedestals 2, fill two irrigate band chuck axis 3, fill four irrigate band chucks 1 in irrigate band chuck axis 3 both sides, in two irrigate band chuck axis, 3 suit irrigate bands 23.Irrigate band 23 is passed the irrigate band conduit 18 rear two row peanuts centres that are laid on after planting along irrigate band righting wheel 14 and is also used disk coverer 11 earthing shallow embeddings.Above the back of upper spider 6, fix a fertile case 22 with upper spider 6 width such as grade, fill fertilizer apparatus power transmission shafts 20 with bearing block 19 below the upper spider 6 below fertile case 22, at fertilizer apparatus power transmission shaft 20 dress fertilizer apparatuss 21, at the termination of fertilizer apparatus power transmission shaft 20 dress defertilizing amount regulating handle 20-1, the below of fertilizer apparatus 21 connects defertilizing tube 21-1, below the front of defertilizing tube 21-1, dress fertilising ditching-disk 15 on the lower bearing bracket 8, below the back of lower bearing bracket 8, fill profiling wheel shafts 17 with bearing block 19, at the both sides of profiling wheel shaft 17 dress contour wheel 16, place in the middle of profiling wheel shaft 16, the following dress profiling wheel shaft sprocket wheel 25 of lower bearing bracket 8.Above the back of upper spider 6, fix two kind casees 4 with kind of a case fixed mount 5, the following of two kind casees 4 is equipped with seeding unit power transmission shaft 4-1 with bearing block 19, the upper dress of seeding unit power transmission shaft 4-1 seeding unit 4-2, fill two seeding unit 4-2 below each kind case 4, the lower bearing bracket 8 dress sowing and ditching disks 13 of the front below seeding unit 4-2, lower bearing bracket 8 both sides of the back below seeder 4-2 are disk coverer frame 12 fixedly, at disk coverer frame 12 inboard dress disk coverers 11.Fixing pack roller frame 10 above disk coverer frame 12 fills two pack rollers 9 at pack roller frame frame 10.The middle part dress seeding unit power transmission shaft sprocket wheel 26 of seeding unit power transmission shaft 4-1 below lower bearing bracket 8, seeding unit power transmission shaft sprocket wheel 26 usefulness chains 24 are in transmission connection with profiling wheel shaft sprocket wheel 25.
The course of work of duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower is on the peanut ridge: sower drives with contour wheel 16 and moves ahead, fertilising ditching-disk 15 rotates leaves ditch, fertilizer apparatus 21 usefulness defertilizing amount regulating handle 20-1 regulate defertilizing amount, fertilizer is discharged in the ditch held successfully of fertilising ditching-disk 15 by defertilizing tube 21-1, and irrigate band 23 is routed to underground with the rotation of irrigate band chuck axis 3.Sowing and ditching disk 13 is four and parallelly leaves in four ditch seeding unit 4-2 ditch that seeding is opened to sowing and ditching disk 13 under the driving that contour wheel 16 rotates at Liang Tiaolong, disk coverer 11 covers peanut kind earthing, the pack roller 9 of machine back has been suppressed the soil moisture conservation effect, after having sowed, be filled with water in the irrigate band 23 on every ridge, 23 water seepage hole oozes and irrigates water from the irrigate band.

Claims (1)

1. the duplicate rows shallow embedding formula drip irrigation sower on the ridge of cultivating peanut, comprise upper spider (6), lower bearing bracket (8), plant case fixed mount (5), plant case (4), seeding unit power transmission shaft (4-1), seeding unit (4-2), fertile case (22), fertilizer apparatus power transmission shaft (20), fertilizer apparatus (21), defertilizing tube (21-1), profiling wheel shaft (17), contour wheel (16), pack roller (9), disk coverer (11), sowing and ditching disk (13), fertilising ditching-disk (15), it is characterized in that connecting with chain sling (7) between the back of upper spider (6) and lower carriage (8), fix three parallel contour irrigate band chuck pedestals (2) in upper spider (6) and the forward middle part on the lower bearing bracket (8), between three irrigate band chuck pedestals (2), fill two irrigate band chuck axis (3), at the two ends of two irrigate band chuck axis (3) dress irrigate band chuck (1), at irrigate band chuck axis (3) irrigate band (23) is installed, irrigate band conduit (18) is passed in irrigate band (23), below irrigate band righting wheel (14), spread underground, two kind casees (4) are fixed with kind of a case fixed mount (5) in top at upper spider (6), all establish two seeding units (4-2) below each plants case (4), irrigate band (23) are laid between two seeding units (4-2).
CN201310315020.3A 2013-07-25 2013-07-25 Double-row shallow-buried drip irrigation sower on peanut ridge Expired - Fee Related CN103348803B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201310315020.3A CN103348803B (en) 2013-07-25 2013-07-25 Double-row shallow-buried drip irrigation sower on peanut ridge

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310315020.3A CN103348803B (en) 2013-07-25 2013-07-25 Double-row shallow-buried drip irrigation sower on peanut ridge

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CN103348803B CN103348803B (en) 2015-05-20

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284384A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-02-03 河北联兴佳垚农业科技有限公司 Endive field planting method
CN106358525A (en) * 2016-11-05 2017-02-01 黑龙江海轮王生态农业工程科技股份有限公司 Universal machine for drip irrigation, precision furrowing and seeding and fertilizing
CN107371494A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-11-24 内蒙古民族大学 The big micro-ridge shallow embedding drip irrigation seeding and fertilizing laying all-in-one of corn and agricultural machinery placement machine
CN114467674A (en) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-13 成都环美园林生态股份有限公司 Full-automatic garden construction shrub, vegetation equipment of planting

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62201509A (en) * 1986-02-28 1987-09-05 Kubota Ltd Side dressing fertilizing apparatus in rice planter/irrigation direct seeder
CN102187755A (en) * 2011-05-02 2011-09-21 王培武 Seeder for film mulching cultivation
CN202160408U (en) * 2011-06-23 2012-03-14 阜新阜龙农机装备有限公司 Multifunctional peanut seeder
CN202160409U (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-14 吉林省蒙龙机械制造有限责任公司 Air-aspirating type under-film drip irrigation and filming precision seeder
CN102884893A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-23 辽宁省风沙地改良利用研究所 Weather-proof peanut film-covering seeder
CN202697214U (en) * 2012-06-14 2013-01-30 邹建忠 Corn seed producing profiling combined seeding machine
CN103141190A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-12 新疆天业(集团)有限公司 Film-applying drop irrigation sowing earthing device
JP2013141427A (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-07-22 Daiwa Seiko Inc Seeder
CN203399502U (en) * 2013-07-25 2014-01-22 辽宁省风沙地改良利用研究所 Double-row shallow buried type drip irrigation seeding machine on peanut ridge

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62201509A (en) * 1986-02-28 1987-09-05 Kubota Ltd Side dressing fertilizing apparatus in rice planter/irrigation direct seeder
CN102187755A (en) * 2011-05-02 2011-09-21 王培武 Seeder for film mulching cultivation
CN202160408U (en) * 2011-06-23 2012-03-14 阜新阜龙农机装备有限公司 Multifunctional peanut seeder
CN202160409U (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-03-14 吉林省蒙龙机械制造有限责任公司 Air-aspirating type under-film drip irrigation and filming precision seeder
JP2013141427A (en) * 2012-01-10 2013-07-22 Daiwa Seiko Inc Seeder
CN202697214U (en) * 2012-06-14 2013-01-30 邹建忠 Corn seed producing profiling combined seeding machine
CN102884893A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-23 辽宁省风沙地改良利用研究所 Weather-proof peanut film-covering seeder
CN103141190A (en) * 2013-03-13 2013-06-12 新疆天业(集团)有限公司 Film-applying drop irrigation sowing earthing device
CN203399502U (en) * 2013-07-25 2014-01-22 辽宁省风沙地改良利用研究所 Double-row shallow buried type drip irrigation seeding machine on peanut ridge

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105284384A (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-02-03 河北联兴佳垚农业科技有限公司 Endive field planting method
CN106358525A (en) * 2016-11-05 2017-02-01 黑龙江海轮王生态农业工程科技股份有限公司 Universal machine for drip irrigation, precision furrowing and seeding and fertilizing
CN107371494A (en) * 2017-08-24 2017-11-24 内蒙古民族大学 The big micro-ridge shallow embedding drip irrigation seeding and fertilizing laying all-in-one of corn and agricultural machinery placement machine
CN107371494B (en) * 2017-08-24 2022-12-20 内蒙古民族大学 Corn large and small ridge shallow-buried drip irrigation, seeding, fertilizing and tape laying all-in-one machine and tape laying mechanism for agricultural machinery
CN114467674A (en) * 2022-02-11 2022-05-13 成都环美园林生态股份有限公司 Full-automatic garden construction shrub, vegetation equipment of planting

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