CN103341649B - A kind of rotation of Stroke Control advances processing unit (plant) - Google Patents

A kind of rotation of Stroke Control advances processing unit (plant) Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103341649B
CN103341649B CN201310224971.XA CN201310224971A CN103341649B CN 103341649 B CN103341649 B CN 103341649B CN 201310224971 A CN201310224971 A CN 201310224971A CN 103341649 B CN103341649 B CN 103341649B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
driving
stroke
gear
screw rod
screw
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Application number
CN201310224971.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103341649A (en
Inventor
林振杰
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芜湖澳奔玛汽车部件有限公司
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Priority to CN201310224971.XA priority Critical patent/CN103341649B/en
Publication of CN103341649A publication Critical patent/CN103341649A/en
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Publication of CN103341649B publication Critical patent/CN103341649B/en

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Abstract

The rotation that the present invention proposes a kind of Stroke Control advances processing unit (plant), many screw rod upper ends are threaded with stroke flat board, many screw rods are respectively through multiple driven gears, and screw rod middle part can be threaded with driven gear, and multiple execution units are separately fixed at multiple screw rods lower end; The first driving mechanism driving stroke flat board moves up and down and carries out stroke adjustment, screw rod middle part enter with driven gear the state of being threaded at stroke flat board during in precalculated position, the second driving mechanism drives driving gear also to drive multiple driven gears to rotate, and further drives many screw rods to be synchronously rotated down to advance and process operation. In the present invention, in rotation propelling processing unit (plant), range controlling mechanism is set execution unit is carried out to stroke adjustment, in stroke adjustment process, execution unit is only made upper and lower rectilinear motion and is not rotated, with in prior art, compare, the work energy consumption that above-mentioned stroke is adjusted is less, and mechanical wear is less, and security is higher.

Description

A kind of rotation of Stroke Control advances processing unit (plant)
Technical field
The present invention relates to rotation and advance processing tool technical field, the rotation that relates in particular to a kind of Stroke Control pushes awayEnter processing unit (plant).
Background technology
Current, in the parts manufacture process of extensive, industrialization, require a process operation flow processIn complete the production moulding of multiple parts, multiple executing agencies generally need to be set, for example, at partBoring, in tapping procedures, by multiple drill bits or tap holder are set, in a process flow multiple drill bits orTap holder synchronously declines to rotating to advance workpiece is processed, and once completes boring, the tapping operation of multiple parts.
In prior art, rotation advances processing unit (plant) that range controlling mechanism is not generally set, but by increasingThe stroke distances of executing agency reaches the object of the movement travel of adjusting execution unit; Carrying out stroke adjustmentIn process, executing agency is also rotated in moving up and down, and stroke adjustment process is also oneIndividual rotation progradation, therefore, the work energy consumption that stroke is adjusted is larger, and mechanical wear is larger, and,Carrying out in stroke adjustment process, there is larger potential safety hazard to operating personnel in rotatablely moving of executing agency.
Summary of the invention
The problem existing for prior art, the rotation that the present invention proposes a kind of Stroke Control advances processing unit (plant),Execution unit carries out in stroke adjustment process, and its work energy consumption is less, and mechanical wear is less, and security is higher.
The rotation of Stroke Control advances a processing unit (plant), comprising: support, stroke flat board, many guide pillars,Many screw rods, driving gear, multiple driven gear, multiple execution unit, the first driving mechanisms, second driveActuation mechanism, wherein:
Many guide pillars are arranged in parallel and are fixed on support, and stroke is dull and stereotyped through many guide pillars, the first driving machineStructure is used for driving stroke flat board to move up and down along many guide pillars with dull and stereotyped connection of stroke;
The second driving mechanism be connected with driving gear be used for driving driving gear rotate, multiple driven gears all withDriving gear engagement, driving gear and multiple driven gear are rack-mount;
Stroke flat board is located at driving gear top; Screw rod upper end is provided with the first screw thread, and stroke flat board is provided with manyIndividual the first screwed hole, many screw rod upper ends are threaded with stroke flat board; Screw rod middle part is provided with the second screw thread,In driven gear, be provided with the second screwed hole, many screw rods are respectively through multiple driven gears, and screw rod middle part canBe threaded with driven gear, multiple execution units are separately fixed at multiple screw rods lower end;
The first driving mechanism drives stroke flat board to move up and down to carry out stroke adjustment, at stroke flat board in predetermined, screw rod middle part enters with driven gear the state of being threaded when the position, and the second driving mechanism drives driving gear alsoDrive multiple driven gears to rotate, and further drive many screw rods to be synchronously rotated down and advance and add workIndustry.
Preferably, between the first screw thread of screw rod upper end and second screw thread at middle part, be optical axis, in screw rodThe bottom of the second screw thread of portion is optical axis.
Preferably, multiple driven gears measure-alike, many screw rods measure-alike.
Preferably, in driven gear, be provided with axially extending bore, in through hole, be fixed with thread bush, in screw rodThe second screw thread of portion can be threaded with thread bush in driven gear.
Preferably, be provided with axial internal thread hole in driven gear, second screw thread at screw rod middle part can be withDriven gear is threaded.
Preferably, driving gear, multiple driven gear are located in gear-box, and gear-box is fixed on support.
Preferably, the first driving mechanism is cylinder.
Preferably, the second driving mechanism is motor and speed reducer.
Preferably, multiple execution units are boring execution unit or tapping execution unit.
Preferably, on screw rod, the first screw thread and/or the second screw thread place are provided with ball formation ball screw structure.
In the present invention, in rotation propelling processing unit (plant), range controlling mechanism is set execution unit is carried out to strokeAdjust, range controlling mechanism is made up of the first driving mechanism, stroke flat board and many guide pillars, in stroke adjustmentIn process, execution unit is only made upper and lower rectilinear motion and is not rotated, and adjusts with stroke in prior artWhole rotation progradation is compared, and the work energy consumption that the present invention carries out stroke adjustment is less, and mechanical wearLittle, security is higher.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation that the rotation of a kind of Stroke Control in the present invention advances processing unit (plant).
Detailed description of the invention
Further illustrate technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and by detailed description of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Fig. 1 is the knot that the rotation of a kind of Stroke Control of proposing of the present invention advances processing unit (plant)Structure schematic diagram.
With reference to Fig. 1, the rotation of a kind of Stroke Control that the present invention proposes advances processing unit (plant), comprising: support 1,Stroke flat board 2, many guide pillars 3, many screw rods 4, driving gear 5, multiple driven gear 6, multiple executionParts 7, the first driving mechanism 8, the second driving mechanism 9, wherein:
Many guide pillars 3 are arranged in parallel and are fixed on support 1, and stroke dull and stereotyped 2 is through many guide pillars 3, the firstDriving mechanism 8 is fixed on support 1 and is connected with stroke dull and stereotyped 2, and the first driving mechanism 8 is for driving strokeDull and stereotyped 2 move up and down along many guide pillars 3, and preferably the first driving mechanism 8 is cylinder;
The second driving mechanism 9 is fixed on support 1 and is connected with driving gear 5, the second driving mechanism 9 forDrive driving gear 5 to rotate, preferably the second driving mechanism 9 is motor and speed reducer; Multiple driven gears 6Be arranged in around driving gear 5 multiple driven gears 6 and driving gear 5 engaged transmission;
Driving gear 5 is arranged on support 1 with multiple driven gears 6, concrete, can be by driving gear 5Be located in gear-box with multiple driven gears 6, gear-box is fixed on support 1;
Stroke flat board 2 is located at driving gear 5 tops;
Be provided with the first screw thread in screw rod 4 upper ends, stroke flat board 2 is provided with multiple the first screwed holes, many spiral shellsBar 4 upper ends are threaded with stroke flat board 2, in the course of the work, many screw rod 4 upper ends all the time with strokeBetween dull and stereotyped 2, be threaded; Screw rod 4 middle parts are provided with the second screw thread, are provided with the second screw thread in driven gear 6Hole, many screw rods 4 are respectively through multiple driven gears 6, and screw rod 4 middle parts can connect with driven gear 6 screw threadsConnect, in Stroke Control process, screw rod 4 middle parts and driven gear 6, in non-threaded connection status, arriveWhile reaching predetermined stroke position, screw rod 4 middle parts with driven gear 6 in the state of being threaded, at driven gear 6When rotation, drive screw rod 4 rotations to advance; Multiple execution units 7 are separately fixed at multiple screw rods 4 lower ends;
The first driving mechanism 8 drives stroke flat board 2 to move up and down to carry out stroke adjustment, at dull and stereotyped 2 places of strokeIn the time of precalculated position, screw rod 4 middle parts enter with driven gear 6 state of being threaded, and the second driving mechanism 9 drivesMoving driving gear 5 also drives multiple driven gears 6 to rotate, and further drives many screw rods 4 downwards synchronousRotation advances processes operation.
Carry out in stroke adjustment process at execution unit, as shown in Figure 1, second screw thread at screw rod 4 middle parts withThe second screwed hole of driven gear 6 is in non-mated condition, and second screw thread at screw rod 4 middle parts is in driven toothThe top of wheel 6; Particularly, control the first driving mechanism 8 and move, the first driving mechanism 8 drives stroke flatPlate 2 along many guide pillars 3 upwards or move downward, and further drive screw rod 4 upwards or downward fortuneMoving, like this, be arranged on execution unit 7 on screw rod 4 also along with moving up and down, thereby to execution unit 7Stroke adjust. In above-mentioned stroke adjustment process, 4 of screw rods are made upper and lower rectilinear motion and are not carried outRotatablely move, compare with the rotation progradation of stroke adjustment in prior art, in the embodiment of the present invention,The work energy consumption that stroke is adjusted is less, and mechanical wear is less, and security is higher.
The rotation of the Stroke Control of the embodiment of the present invention advances processing unit (plant), and its rotation promotion process is as follows:
In stroke adjustment process, the first driving mechanism 8 drives stroke flat board 2 to move downward predetermined stroke alsoArrive precalculated position, as shown in Figure 1, second screw thread at screw rod 4 middle parts and the second screw thread of driven gear 6Hole enters mated condition; In the course of the work, control the second driving mechanism 9 and move, the second driving mechanism 9Drive driving gear 5 to rotate, driving gear 5 drives multiple driven gears 6 to rotate, and further drives manyScrew rod 4 is synchronously rotated down and carries out workpiece processing; After completing workpiece processing, control second and driveMechanism 9 reverses, and drives many screw rods 4 synchronously to rotate up by driving gear 5 and driven gear 6,Until the second screwed hole of second screw thread at screw rod 4 middle parts and driven gear 6 is removed mated condition; According to upperState the course of work and so circulate, complete the continuous process operation of workpiece.
In the embodiment of the present invention, in rotation propelling processing unit (plant), range controlling mechanism is set execution unit is carried outStroke is adjusted, and range controlling mechanism is made up of the first driving mechanism, stroke flat board and many guide pillars, at strokeIn adjustment process, execution unit is only made upper and lower rectilinear motion and is not rotated, with row in prior artThe rotation progradation of journey adjustment is compared, and the work energy consumption that the present invention carries out stroke adjustment is less, machinery millDamage littlely, security is higher.
Adjust by the stroke to execution unit, can conveniently rotate advance processing unit (plant) maintenance and repair,The adjustment of maintenance, part replacement, different size parts machining etc. operational applications.
In specific design, multiple driven gears 6 measure-alike, many screw rods 4 measure-alike, phaseAnswer on many screw rods 4 the first screw thread identical with the structural parameters of the second screw thread, the first spiral shell on many screw rods 4Line is identical with the rotation direction of the second screw thread.
In specific embodiment, between the first screw thread of screw rod 4 upper ends and second screw thread at middle part, be optical axis,Be optical axis in the bottom of second screw thread at screw rod 4 middle parts, at screw rod 4, two ends screw thread be set, be i.e. upper endSecond screw thread at the first screw thread and middle part, other parts are optical axis.
In a preferred embodiment, in driven gear 6, be provided with axially extending bore, in through hole, be fixed with screw threadCover, second screw thread at screw rod 4 middle parts can be threaded with thread bush in driven gear 6; Or, fromIn moving gear 6, be provided with axial internal thread hole, second screw thread at screw rod 4 middle parts can with driven gear 6 spiral shellsLine connects.
In actual application, multiple execution units 7 are boring execution unit or tapping execution unit,Can select corresponding execution unit according to concrete application requirements, its execution unit can be replaced and realize this and addThe multipurpose that frock is put.
In specific embodiment, can be on screw rod 4 the first screw thread and/or the second screw thread place be provided with ball and formBall screw structure, drives screw rod 4 to turn at the second driving mechanism 9 by driving gear 5 and driven gear 6When moving, ball screw structure can reduce its rotary resistance, makes its action more smooth and easy.
By reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention has been carried out to exemplary description above, obvious realization of the present invention is not subject toState the restriction of mode, as long as adopted the method design of invention and the various improvement that technical scheme is carried out, or notThrough improving, the design of invention and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasion, all at protection model of the present inventionIn enclosing.

Claims (8)

1. the rotation of Stroke Control advances a processing unit (plant), it is characterized in that, comprising: support (1), OKJourney flat board (2), many guide pillars (3), many screw rods (4), driving gear (5), multiple driven gear (6),Multiple execution units (7), the first driving mechanism (8), the second driving mechanism (9), wherein:
Many guide pillars (3) are arranged in parallel and are fixed on support (1) above, and stroke flat board (2) is led through manyPost (3), the first driving mechanism (8) be connected with stroke flat board (2) be used for driving stroke flat board (2) alongMany guide pillars (3) move up and down;
The second driving mechanism (9) is connected with driving gear (5) and is used for driving driving gear (5) rotation, manyIndividual driven gear (6) all engages with driving gear (5), driving gear (5) and multiple driven gears (6)Be arranged on support (1);
Stroke flat board (2) is located at driving gear (5) top; Screw rod (4) upper end is provided with the first screw thread, OKJourney flat board (2) is provided with multiple the first screwed holes, many screw rod (4) upper ends and stroke flat board (2) screw threadConnect; Screw rod (4) middle part is provided with the second screw thread, and driven gear is provided with the second screwed hole, many in (6)Screw rod (4) is respectively through multiple driven gears (6), screw rod (4) middle part can with driven gear (6) spiral shellLine connects, and multiple execution units (7) are separately fixed at multiple screw rods (4) lower end, in screw rod (4) upper endThe first screw thread and second screw thread at middle part between be optical axis, in the bottom of second screw thread at screw rod (4) middle partFor optical axis;
The first driving mechanism (8) driving stroke flat board (2) moves up and down and carries out stroke adjustment, flat at strokePlate (2) screw rod (4) middle part in the time of precalculated position enters with driven gear (6) state of being threaded, theTwo driving mechanisms (9) drive driving gear (5) and drive multiple driven gears (6) to rotate, and furtherDrive many screw rods (4) to be synchronously rotated down propelling and process operation;
In driven gear (6), be provided with axially extending bore, in through hole, be fixed with thread bush, screw rod (4)Second screw thread at middle part can be threaded with thread bush in driven gear (6).
2. the rotation of Stroke Control according to claim 1 advances processing unit (plant), it is characterized in that, manyIndividual driven gear (6) measure-alike, many screw rods (4) measure-alike.
3. the rotation of Stroke Control according to claim 1 advances processing unit (plant), it is characterized in that,Driven gear is provided with axial internal thread hole in (6), and second screw thread at screw rod (4) middle part can be with drivenGear (6) is threaded.
4. the rotation of Stroke Control according to claim 1 advances processing unit (plant), it is characterized in that, mainMoving gear (5), multiple driven gear (6) are located in gear-box, and gear-box is fixed on support (1).
5. the rotation of Stroke Control according to claim 1 advances processing unit (plant), it is characterized in that, theOne driving mechanism (8) is cylinder.
6. the rotation of Stroke Control according to claim 1 advances processing unit (plant), it is characterized in that, theTwo driving mechanisms (9) are motor and speed reducer.
7. the rotation of Stroke Control according to claim 1 advances processing unit (plant), it is characterized in that, manyIndividual execution unit (7) is boring execution unit or tapping execution unit.
8. advance processing unit (plant), its spy according to the rotation of the Stroke Control described in any one in claim 1-7Levy and be, be provided with ball formation ball screw structure at upper the first screw thread of screw rod (4) and/or the second screw thread place.
CN201310224971.XA 2013-06-06 2013-06-06 A kind of rotation of Stroke Control advances processing unit (plant) CN103341649B (en)

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CN104439531B (en) * 2014-10-21 2017-02-08 机械科学研究总院青岛分院 Spiral gear machining mechanism driven by motor
CN106180801B (en) * 2016-08-29 2018-05-04 杭州鸿立机械有限公司 Photo-thermal solar energy girder integrates fully-automatic production system and boring method
CN106513872A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-03-22 天长市优信电器设备有限公司 Multifunctional charger shell tapping equipment
CN106624205A (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-05-10 天长市优信电器设备有限公司 Self-tapping processing equipment for charger shell
CN106586763A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-04-26 菱王电梯股份有限公司 Resetting device of elevator rope holding device
CN107876837B (en) * 2017-10-26 2019-04-02 湖北全洲扬子江建设工程有限公司 A kind of construction multi-purpose clamping and fixed device

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GB191503707A (en) * 1915-03-08 1916-04-10 Aaron Hill Improvements in Gang Drills.
CN2768945Y (en) * 2005-03-09 2006-04-05 吴凤安 Double-station thread processing machine
CN101879637A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-11-10 浙江三田滤清器有限公司 Multi-station tapping device and method thereof
CN201685126U (en) * 2009-12-17 2010-12-29 圣杰国际股份有限公司 Automatic cutter changing system of cutting machine
CN201776474U (en) * 2009-12-16 2011-03-30 林如华 Multiple-spindle drilling machine with adjustable spacing
CN203371320U (en) * 2013-06-06 2014-01-01 芜湖澳奔玛汽车部件有限公司 Rotating pushing machining device allowing stroke control

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB191503707A (en) * 1915-03-08 1916-04-10 Aaron Hill Improvements in Gang Drills.
CN2768945Y (en) * 2005-03-09 2006-04-05 吴凤安 Double-station thread processing machine
CN201776474U (en) * 2009-12-16 2011-03-30 林如华 Multiple-spindle drilling machine with adjustable spacing
CN201685126U (en) * 2009-12-17 2010-12-29 圣杰国际股份有限公司 Automatic cutter changing system of cutting machine
CN101879637A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-11-10 浙江三田滤清器有限公司 Multi-station tapping device and method thereof
CN203371320U (en) * 2013-06-06 2014-01-01 芜湖澳奔玛汽车部件有限公司 Rotating pushing machining device allowing stroke control

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