CN103337674B - Apparatus and method for a power train sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalization control - Google Patents

Apparatus and method for a power train sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalization control Download PDF

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CN103337674B
CN103337674B CN201310214804.7A CN201310214804A CN103337674B CN 103337674 B CN103337674 B CN 103337674B CN 201310214804 A CN201310214804 A CN 201310214804A CN 103337674 B CN103337674 B CN 103337674B
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battery
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CN103337674A (en
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方建华
方正政
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上海安科瑞电源管理系统有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置及方法,装置由电池工况数据采集单元、双向可编程控制数据处理单元、单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元、单体电池信息矩阵校验控制单元、均衡开关矩阵控制单元组成,电池工况数据采集单元与均衡开关矩阵控制单元外部连接十六串磷酸铁锂动力电池组。 The present invention relates to a power train sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalization control device and method, apparatus from the battery condition data acquisition unit, a two-way control programmable data processing unit, the cell matrix generating unit status information, cell information matrix verification control unit, the balancing switch matrix control modules, the battery condition data acquisition unit and the external control unit connected to the balancing switch matrix sixteen string lithium iron phosphate battery. 本发明有益效果为:复合多种适应电池组网络的数据采集接口,适合多组十六串电池组进一步级联通信及均衡控制需要,通过电池异构工况数据进行荷电量同构处理,并根据电池试验特性构造并存储生成矩阵和校验矩阵,对经过校验的电池组信息矩阵进行智能识别,将局部判定的均衡信息传输到均衡开关矩阵单元,使得均衡控制准确性、精度和效率得到提高。 Advantageous effects of the present invention are: more complex adaptation data acquisition interface network of the battery pack, a plurality of sets for a further sixteen strings battery equalization cascade communication and control needed for homogeneous charge amount of the battery by heterogeneous process conditions data, and the test cell is constructed and storing the generated characteristic matrix and the parity check matrix of the intelligent battery pack identification information through the check matrix, the equalization information transmitted to the equalization of the local determination unit switching matrix, so that the equalization control accuracy, precision and efficiency improve.

Description

一种十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置及方法 Apparatus and method for a power train sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalization control

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及动力磷酸铁锂电池管理系统技术领域,尤其涉及一种十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to lithium iron phosphate power management system technologies, and in particular, to a string of sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalizing power control device and method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 环境恶化和能源短缺是人们面临的重要问题之一,洁净的可替代能源可缓解日益恶化的碳排放现状,节能减排也成为人们共同关心的热点话题,插电混合电动车辆作为节能减排的一项重要措施之一,也逐渐成为各国政府和汽车制造商关注的焦点议题。 [0002] environmental degradation and energy shortage is one of the important questions that people have clean alternative energy sources can alleviate the deteriorating status of carbon emissions, energy conservation has become a hot topic of common concern, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles as energy saving one of the important measures for emission reductions, has gradually become the focus of issues governments and car manufacturers concerned. 因此,许多国家及其汽车研究机构将电动汽车作为研究重点之一,进一步研究和发展电动汽车的相关装置和技术方法很有必要性和紧迫性。 Therefore, many countries and automotive research institute will focus on electric vehicles as one of the research, technology and related devices further research and development of electric vehicles is very necessity and urgency.

[0003] 当前,动力磷酸铁锂电池作为电动汽车的核心部件之一,已被广泛应用于工业、日常生活等领域,在电池动态工作过程中,电池的端电压、电池的内阻等特征参数会随着电池的差值量变化而发生具有某些规律的变化。 [0003] Currently, lithium iron phosphate power as one of the core components of the electric vehicle, has been widely used in industry, and other fields of daily life, in the battery dynamic operation, the terminal voltage of the battery, the battery internal resistance characteristic parameters vary with some regular variation as the difference amount of the battery occurs. 为了更加准确而科学地表征电池的在线工作状态,通常用电池工作电压、电流和温度来表征综合表征电池的荷电量。 To be more accurate and scientifically characterize cell line working condition, usually the battery voltage, current and temperature to characterize the overall characterization of the battery charge is low. 但是,由于电池结构复杂以及电池动态工作时,电子组中个体电池工况变化的复杂性,单体电池的荷电状态不仅受放电电流、电池内部温度、自放电、老化等复杂因素的影响,而且与电池组中其它单体电池的状态有相关性,使得通过电池的电压、电流和温度工况准确动态预测电池荷电量面临许多困难和挑战,因此,均衡控制电池的一致性和均衡效率也难免受到影响。 However, due to the complex structure of the battery and the battery dynamic operation, complexity, changes in the electronic state of charge of individual cells in the set condition of the cell not only by the discharge current, the internal temperature of the battery, self-discharge, aging and other complex factors, and it correlated with the battery status of the other cells, so that the voltage, current and temperature conditions of the battery charge of the battery accurately predict the dynamic power faced many difficulties and challenges, therefore, the equalization control cell uniformity and efficiency equalization It will inevitably be affected. 而进一步研究满足多串动力电池工况下的电池管理系统均衡控制装置和技术方法,提高管理的准确性和效率很有必要。 Further research and technical methods to meet device battery management system balanced multi-string battery condition control, improve the accuracy and efficiency of management is necessary. 影响磷酸铁锂电池推广应用的主要因素包括电池的安全性、使用成本和电池的使用寿命等问题,为确保电池性能良好,延长电池使用寿命,必须对电池组以及单体电池的动态工况进行及时检测、合理有效的管理和控制。 The main factors affecting the application of lithium iron phosphate batteries, including safety, cost and battery life issues, to ensure good battery performance and extend battery life, the battery pack and must be dynamic behavior of single cells timely detection, reasonable and effective management and control.

[0004]当前,对十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池的荷电状态的预测只是基于直接采集单体电池电压、电流和温度数据进行单体荷电状态分析,均衡控制只是考虑计算单体电池的状态,并没有包括信息采集时的电池组不一致性的个体差异性能,为了达到这一目的,精确预测动力磷酸铁锂锂电池的综合动态工况装置和均衡控制方法是不可或缺的。 [0004] Currently, state of charge predicted power train sixteen lithium iron phosphate-based direct capture only the cell voltage, current and temperature data analysis monomer charge state, the equalization control is calculated considering only the cell state, and it does not include individual differences in performance of the battery when the inconsistency information collection, in order to achieve this object, the integrated dynamic behavior control apparatus and method for accurately predicting a power equalization of lithium iron phosphate lithium is indispensable. 因此,针对以上方面,需要对现有技术进行有效创新。 Therefore, for the above aspects, the need for effective innovation to the art.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对以上缺陷,本发明提供一种十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置及方法,该装置能够汇集动态电池组工况情况下的单体电池电压、温度和电流等状态数据,并对这些数据进行提取分类、分析与故障判断,最终进行有针对性的均衡控制。 [0005] To solve the above defects, the present invention provides a power train sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalization control device and method, the apparatus may be accumulated cell voltage of the battery pack under dynamic operating conditions, the temperature and current state data and the like , and these data extraction classification, analysis and fault diagnosis, eventually targeted balance control.

[0006] 为实现上述目的,本发明采用以下技术方案: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solution:

[0007] —种十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,包括装置本体,所述装置本体由电池工况数据采集单元、双向可编程控制数据处理单元、单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元、单体电池信息矩阵校验控制单元、均衡开关矩阵控制单元组成,其中的双向可编程控制数据处理单元其中一个输出端、一个输入端分别对应连接单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元、单体电池信息矩阵校验控制单元并且这三个单元之间形成一个串接回路;同时,其中的双向可编程控制数据处理单元连接外部接口,其中的电池工况数据采集单元与均衡开关矩阵控制单元外部共同连接十六串磷酸铁锂动力电池组;所述双向可编程控制数据处理单元采用由模拟和数字信息转换模块、16X I电池组分布矩阵荷电量计算模块、存储模块以及通信接口模块组成的微处理器作为内核。 [0007] - string types sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix power equalization control means comprises a device body, the device body by a battery condition data acquisition unit, a two-way control programmable data processing unit, the state information of the cell matrix generation unit , cell information check matrix control means, the balancing switch matrix control units, two-way programmable control unit wherein the data processing wherein an output of a corresponding input terminal connected to the information matrix generating unit cell state, the cell verification control unit information matrix and forms a loop between the three units connected in series; simultaneously, wherein the two-way programmable data processing unit is connected to an external control interface, battery condition data acquisition unit and the external control unit common balancing switch matrix sixteen series connected battery lithium iron phosphate; the bidirectional control data processing unit with programmable microprocessor by the analog and digital information conversion module, 16X I battery charge amount distribution matrix calculating module, a storage module and a communication interface module of as the kernel.

[0008] 相应地,所述外部接口具备外部对内部测试、显示、16串处理器级扩展适配、外部对内部矩阵编程和矩阵驱动调试部分。 [0008] Accordingly, the external interface to the internal test includes an external display, serial processor stage 16 adapted to extend the external programming and matrix internal debug matrix driving portion.

[0009] 所述信息矩阵生成单元包括16 X 16电压信息生成矩阵,矩阵中每一个元素由3比特组成的8种电压等级状态分别表示各单体电池的动态工况,16串单体电池电压信息构成16X1信息源矩阵。 [0009] The information matrix generating unit 16 includes a voltage information generating X-16 matrix, eight kinds of voltage levels for each matrix element state of 3 bits represent the dynamic behavior of each single cell, the cell voltage string 16 16X1 matrix constituting the information sources.

[0010] 所述矩阵校验控制单元的校验矩阵转置与生成矩阵单元具有矩阵相乘为零的构造。 [0010] The parity check matrix of the control unit matrix transpose matrix generation unit has a configuration matrix multiplication zero.

[0011] 所述十六串磷酸铁锂动力电池组由级联电池、工作负载、负载控制保护开关、恒流稳压充电单元及保护控制开关组成。 [0011] The sixteen string iron phosphate lithium battery cell group consisting of a cascade, the working load, the load control protection switch, constant voltage charging unit and a protection control switch.

[0012] 此外,单体电池信息源矩阵与生成矩阵相乘构成荷电量生成矩阵,装置可进行预置的迭代与判决,得到均衡驱动信息;结合温度与工况下的16串电流信息,得到各单体电池荷电量的信息矩阵,由矩阵控制单元控制相关的均衡开关控制电路进行主动和被动均衡。 [0012] Further, the information source cell matrix and matrix multiplication generating a generator matrix constituting the charged amount, and the judgment means can be preset iteration, equalized drive information; binding strings 16 and current information on the temperature conditions to give each cell charge amount information matrix, the matrix is ​​controlled by the control unit related to the balancing switch control circuit active and passive equalization.

[0013] 本发明所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置及方法的有益效果为:复合了多种适应电池组网络的数据采集接口,适合多组十六串电池组进一步级联通信及均衡控制需要,通过将多种动力磷酸铁锂电池异构工况数据进行荷电量同构处理,并根据电池试验特性构造并存储生成矩阵和校验矩阵,对经过校验的电池组信息矩阵进行智能识另IJ,将局部判定的均衡信息传输到均衡开关矩阵单元,使得均衡控制准确性、精度和效率得到提尚。 [0013] hexadecane string iron phosphate power control apparatus and method for equalizing the beneficial effects of the lithium battery of the present invention is a matrix: a plurality of composite battery pack adapted data collection network interfaces for multiple sets of sixteen strings battery pack further stage and controlling the communication with equalization necessary, homogeneous charge amount treated by a variety of power lithium iron phosphate isomers condition data, and configured and stores the check matrix generation matrix and the battery characteristics test, after checking of a battery pack another intelligent identification information matrix IJ, transmitting information to the local determination equalization equalization switch matrix unit, such equalization control accuracy, precision, and efficiency is still mention.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014] 下面根据附图对本发明作进一步详细说明。 [0014] The following drawings illustrate the present invention in further detail.

[0015]图1是本发明实施例所述十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置的组成原理示意图; [0015] FIG. 1 is a diagram of the embodiment of the principles of the present invention is composed of a power train device according schematic sixteen lithium iron phosphate equalization control matrix;

[0016]图2是本发明实施例所述十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置的硬件结构框图; [0016] FIG. 2 is a diagram of the embodiment of the present invention means a block diagram showing a hardware configuration of the sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix string power balance control;

[0017] 图3是本发明实施例所述十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置控制方法流程示意图。 [0017] FIG. 3 is a string of sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix power equalizing control means controls the flow diagram for illustrating a method embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0018] 如图1所示,本发明实施例所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,包括电池工况数据采集单元、双向可编程控制数据处理单元、单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元、单体电池信息矩阵校验控制单元、均衡开关矩阵控制单元和状态显示单元,各单元间通过SP1、CAN、RS485或LAN接口互相连接通信,其中的双向可编程控制数据处理单元其中一个输出端、一个输入端分别对应连接单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元、单体电池信息矩阵校验控制单元并且这三个单元之间形成一个串接回路;同时,其中的双向可编程控制数据处理单元连接外部接口,其中的电池工况数据采集单元与均衡开关矩阵控制单元外部共同连接十六串磷酸铁锂动力电池组。 [0018] As shown, sixteen string lithium iron phosphate matrix power balance control device according to the embodiment of the present invention, includes a battery condition data acquisition unit, a two-way control programmable data processing unit, status information of a cell matrix generating means, the information matrix cell verification control unit, the control unit equalizing switch matrix and a status display unit through SP1, CAN, RS485 or LAN interface units communicate among each other, wherein the two-way programmable data processing control unit wherein an output terminal, an input terminal respectively connected to the information matrix generating unit cell state, the cell control unit and check information matrix forming a series circuit between the three units; the same time, wherein control data in two- an external interface connected to the processing unit, wherein the battery condition data acquisition unit and the external equalizing control unit commonly connected to the switching matrix sixteen string lithium iron phosphate battery.

[0019] 对于以上结构:①所述十六串磷酸铁锂动力电池组由级联电池、工作负载、负载控制保护开关、恒流稳压充电单元及保护控制开关组成;②所述电池工况数据采集单元由不同类型的传感器构成异构传感器网络,功能包括十六串单体电池状态电压值、温度、负载或充电状态时电流值,此电池工况数据采集单元具有存储前一次所采集到的电压、电流和温度数值的功能;③所述双向可编程控制数据处理单元采用微处理器作为内核,包括模拟和数字信息转换模块、16X1电池组分布矩阵荷电量计算模块、存储模块以及通信接口模块,其中的16X1电池组分布矩阵荷电量计算模块提取电池电压、电流和温度数值进行实时分析处理和异构数据融合,其中的存储模块主要存储荷电量状态信息,其中的通信接口模块提供与电池工况数据采集单元SPI双向通信,提供与周围 [0019] For the above structure: ① the sixteen string iron phosphate lithium battery cell group consisting of a cascade, the working load, the load control protection switch, constant current regulator and a charging unit consisting of a control switch protection; ② the battery condition a data acquisition unit configured heterogeneous sensor networks from different types of sensors, including a current value of the function cell string of sixteen-state voltage, temperature, load, or the state of charge, this battery condition data acquisition unit has acquired time before storage voltage, current and temperature values ​​of the function; ③ the bi-directional programmable data processing control unit as a microprocessor core, including analog and digital information conversion module, 16X1 battery charge amount distribution matrix calculating module, a storage module and a communication interface module, wherein the distribution matrix 16X1 battery charge amount calculation module extracts the battery voltage, current and temperature values ​​for real-time analysis and integration of heterogeneous data, wherein the storage module stores charge state of charge of the main information, wherein the communication interface module with the battery SPI condition data acquisition unit bidirectional communication is provided with the surrounding 矩阵生成单元、矩阵校验控制单元和开关矩阵控制单元的CAN总线通信接口所述外部接口对象有系统调试和电池工况状态显示;⑤所述单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元功能主要是实现16X1维的电池组荷电量矩阵与I6 X I6维的电池组特征生成矩阵相乘功能,获得电池组16 XI维更新的工况信息矩阵I 所述单体电池彳目息fe验矩阵控制单兀功能是通过矩阵关系GCT =0,获得校验矩阵C,进一步由更新的工况信息矩阵I与C校验获得均衡控制开关信息;⑦所述均衡开关矩阵单元主要功能是根据控制开关信息,结合迭代前一个信息进行比较,去控制均衡开关网络。 Matrix generating unit, the control unit check matrix and a switch matrix control unit CAN bus communication interface of the external system interface object has debug status display and battery conditions; ⑤ the state information of the cell matrix generation unit main function is to achieve 16X1 matrix charge amount of the battery pack characterized I6 X I6 dimensional battery dimensional matrix multiplication generating function, to obtain a battery pack 16 XI-dimensional matrix of the updated condition information of the I cell entry information left foot fe check matrix function control unit Wu is GCT = 0, to obtain a parity check matrix C, the matrix is ​​further obtained by equilibrium relationship represented by the updated condition information matrix C I and parity information control switch; ⑦ switch matrix means mainly the equalization function is a control switch information, binding iteration comparing a prior information, to control the balancing switch network.

[0020] 如图1所示,本发明实施例所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,其功能为:①通过传感器网络模块,具有单体电池电压、充放电工况电流和电池温度的数据采集能力,同时也具备对十六串电池组网络开关均衡控制的能力该装置具有多种工况数据提取能力,可将采集并转换过来的荷电量冗余矩阵信息做实时分析处理,提取均衡开关信息、过临界故障状态信息;③具有电池组状态和均衡开关状态数字存储能力,为处理好采集和处理的大量数据,必须采用高可信的数据存储策略,使得数据合理和安全保存;④输出接口对象有三个,即通过CAN总线与车辆主微处理器通信适配、与外接调试和设备状态显示接口、十六串电池组间级联通信适配接口。 [0020] As shown in FIG. 1, power string sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalizer in the embodiment of the present invention, a control apparatus, which function as follows: ① through the sensor network module having a cell voltage, charging and discharging current status of electrician and data collection capability of the battery temperature, and also includes a series of sixteen battery capacity balance control of the network switch having a plurality of the device capabilities data extraction conditions, it can be collected and converted over the charge amount of redundant information to make real-time analysis matrix processed to extract equalization switch information, state information over the critical failure; ③ having a battery state and the equilibrium state of the digital switch storage capacity for handling mass data acquisition and processing, it must be highly reliable data storage policy, so that the data is reasonable and safekeeping; ④ output interface object has three, i.e. vehicle via CAN bus and the main microprocessor adapted to communicate with an external debug apparatus and a display status between interfaces, sixteen battery string concatenation communication adapter interfaces.

[0021] 如图2所示,本发明实施例所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,该装置的具体硬件配置结构包括电池工况传感器网络模块、多路电压和温度数据选择模±夬、12比特模数转换模块、微处理中央控制单元I和控制单元I1、荷电量生成矩阵单元、荷电量校验矩阵单元、主动和被动均衡开关控制模块以及其它外部适配接口模块,电池工况传感器网络模块负责完成16个单体电池充电或负载放电工况下的16个电压、16个温度模拟量、I个整体电流模拟量的实时数据采集;12比特模数转换模块基于参考基准电压把电压、电流和温度模拟量做高精度数字化处理;微处理中央控制单元I完成智能信息处理,包括数字电压、电流和温度异构数据的荷电量的同构处理、比较和判断,同时通过CAN总线与外适配器进行功能扩展;微处理中央控制单元II主要与微处理 [0021] 2, sixteen string lithium iron phosphate matrix power balance control device according to the embodiment of the present invention, the specific arrangement of the hardware device includes a battery condition sensor network module, the voltage and temperature data multiplexer selection mode ± Jue, 12-bit analog to digital converter module, microprocessor central control unit and the control unit I I1, matrix generation unit charge amount, the charge amount check matrix unit, active and passive equalization switch control module, and other external interface module adapted , the battery condition sensor network module 16 is responsible for completing the cell 16 is charged or discharged voltage load condition, the analog temperature 16, the I full analog current real time data acquisition; 12-bit analog to digital conversion module based on a reference voltage to the reference voltage, analog current, and temperature do precision digital processing; central microprocessor control unit I intelligent information processing is completed, comprising a homogeneous process, the charge amount of comparison and judgment digital voltage, current and temperature of heterogeneous data, simultaneously function expansion through the CAN bus to the outer adapter; II central control unit microprocessor and main microprocessor 央控制单元I进行扩展通信,完成电池状态监控和显示功能;荷电量生成矩阵和校验矩阵单元主要完成电池状态冗余信息形成,驱动主动和被动均衡开关控制模块。 I extended central control unit communicates complete the battery status monitoring and display function; the charged amount of the check matrix generating unit matrix and the battery state to complete the main redundant information is formed, the drive active and passive equalization switch control module.

[0022] 如图3所示,本发明实施例所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,该装置的具体软件配置用过程化设计,具有数据预处理、数字化、矩阵迭代分析与判断功能,模拟单体电压值与构造的16X16的生成矩阵相乘,得到的16X1矩阵与模拟电流和温度值进行异构处理过程,输出信息与荷电校验矩阵相乘、判决与迭代,如果迭代不满足设置条件,根据电池训练结果,修正校验矩阵系数进行再次判决,依据判决结果,驱动相应的均衡开关矩阵,进行分布式均衡控制。 [0022] As shown, sixteen string lithium iron phosphate matrix power balance control device according to the embodiment of the present invention, the specific software configuration of the device 3 with the process design, with data preprocessing, digital matrix iterative analysis and determining function, the analog value of the configuration of the cell voltage generator matrix multiplied 16X16, 16X1 matrix isomerization process with analog current and temperature values, the output charge obtained by multiplying the parity check matrix, and iterative decision, If the iteration setting condition is not satisfied, the training result according to the battery, the correction coefficient check matrix again decision, based on the judgment result, the drive corresponding balancing switch matrix, distributed equalization control.

[0023] 上述对实施例的描述是为了便于该技术领域的普通技术人员能够理解和应用本发明,熟悉本领域技术的人员显然可轻易地对这些实例做出各种修改,并把在此说明的一般原理应用到其它实施例中而不必经过创造性的劳动。 [0023] The foregoing description of the embodiments for convenience of ordinary skill in the art to understand the present invention and application, a person skilled in the art can readily apparent that various modifications to these examples, and the description herein the general principle applied to other embodiments without going through creative work. 因此,本发明不限于以上实施例,本领域的技术人员根据本发明的揭示,对于本发明做出的改进和修改都应该在本发明的保护范围内。 Accordingly, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and modifications of the invention for improving should be made within the skill of the art in accordance with the present invention disclosed in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1.一种十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,包括装置本体,其特征在于:所述装置本体由电池工况数据采集单元、双向可编程控制数据处理单元、单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元、单体电池信息矩阵校验控制单元、均衡开关矩阵控制单元组成,其中的双向可编程控制数据处理单元其中一个输出端、一个输入端分别对应连接单体电池状态信息矩阵生成单元、单体电池信息矩阵校验控制单元并且这三个单元之间形成一个串接回路;同时,其中的双向可编程控制数据处理单元连接外部接口,其中的电池工况数据采集单元与均衡开关矩阵控制单元外部共同连接十六串磷酸铁锂动力电池组; 所述双向可编程控制数据处理单元采用由模拟和数字信息转换模块、16X1电池组分布矩阵荷电量计算模块、存储模块以及通信接口模块组成的微处理器作为内核。 A string of sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix power equalization control means comprises a device body, wherein: said apparatus body by the battery condition information data acquisition unit, a two-way control programmable data processing unit, the state of the cell matrix generating means, the information matrix cell verification control unit, the balancing switch matrix control units, which control the bi-directional programmable data processing unit wherein an output, one input terminal of the information matrix generating means respectively connected to the cell status, cell information check matrix is ​​formed between the control unit and a series circuit of three units; the same time, wherein the bi-directional programmable data processing unit is connected to an external control interface, battery condition data acquisition unit with the balancing switch matrix control external unit connected in common sixteen string lithium iron phosphate battery; the bi-directional programmable data processing control unit using analog and digital information conversion module, 16X1 battery charge amount distribution matrix calculating module, a storage module and a communication interface module of as microprocessor core.
2.根据权利要求1所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,其特征在于:所述外部接口具备外部对内部测试、显示、16串处理器级扩展适配、外部对内部矩阵编程和矩阵驱动调试部分。 2. The sixteen matrix string lithium iron phosphate power balance control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said external interface to the internal test includes an external display, serial processor stage 16 adapted to extend, externally of the inner matrix programming and debugging matrix driving part.
3.根据权利要求1所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,其特征在于:所述信息矩阵生成单元包括16X 16电压信息生成矩阵,矩阵中每一个元素由3比特组成的8种电压等级状态分别表示各单体电池的动态工况,16串单体电池电压信息构成16X I信息源矩阵。 The power train of claim 1 sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix balance control apparatus as claimed in claim wherein: said information matrix generating unit 16X 16 comprises a voltage generator matrix information, every element of the matrix consisting of 3 bits 8 kinds of voltage levels, respectively, represent the state of each cell in the dynamic conditions, the cell voltage information string 16 constituting the information source 16X I matrix.
4.根据权利要求1所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,其特征在于:所述矩阵校验控制单元的校验矩阵转置与矩阵生成单元具有矩阵相乘为零的构造。 The sixteen matrix string power lithium iron phosphate according equalization control device of claim 1, wherein: the parity check matrix of the check matrix control unit transpose matrix generating unit having a zero matrix multiplication structure.
5.根据权利要求1所述的十六串动力磷酸铁锂电池矩阵均衡控制装置,其特征在于:所述十六串磷酸铁锂动力电池组由级联电池、工作负载、负载控制保护开关、恒流稳压充电单元及保护控制开关组成。 The sixteen matrix string lithium iron phosphate power balance control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: said string of sixteen iron phosphate lithium battery cell group consisting of a cascade, the working load, the load control protection switch, constant voltage charging protection control unit and a switch.
CN201310214804.7A 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Apparatus and method for a power train sixteen lithium iron phosphate matrix equalization control CN103337674B (en)

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CN102868196A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-09 宋秋 Battery management balance system

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CN101752890A (en) * 2010-01-26 2010-06-23 上海中科深江电动车辆有限公司 Equalizing device and method of battery management system
CN102868196A (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-01-09 宋秋 Battery management balance system

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