CN103337537B - A kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof - Google Patents

A kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103337537B
CN103337537B CN201310217990.XA CN201310217990A CN103337537B CN 103337537 B CN103337537 B CN 103337537B CN 201310217990 A CN201310217990 A CN 201310217990A CN 103337537 B CN103337537 B CN 103337537B
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glass
solar cell
adhesive layer
photovoltaic module
curved
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CN103337537A (en
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沈辉
孙韵琳
董娴
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National Sun Yat Sen University
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National Sun Yat Sen University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • Y02A30/60Planning or developing urban green infrastructure
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention belongs to photovoltaic and manufacture application, concrete open a kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof.Including the glass front shroud, adhesive layer, solar cell, adhesive layer and the glass back plate that are sequentially laminated, described solar cell is carried out array arrangement series connection by crystalline silicon solar cell piece or flexible thin-film battery sheet according to certain interval and is welded, being provided with bending area by the photovoltaic module of glass protecgulum flaggy, adhesive layer, solar cell, adhesive layer and glass back plate lamination, bending area is placed in position between two row of solar cell array.This curved surface BIPV can be curved in the position needed so that the variation of BIPV kit form, can perfectly be incorporated by photovoltaic module to modern building design, preferably realize the differentiation of photovoltaic products, and its manufacturing process is simple and convenient.

Description

A kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to photovoltaic and manufacture application, concrete open a kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof.
Background technology
In prior art, distributed small photovoltaic power generation system is increasingly widely applied, BIPV (letter Claim BIPV) demand more powerful.
At present, photovoltaic module mainly has roof, window, curtain wall etc. with the combining form of building, and structure mostly is double glass group Part or hollow glass component.Building standard explicitly points out building must use safety glass such as safety glass, existing BIPV What assembly used is ultrawhite safety glass mostly.The mode of production of conventional BIPV assembly is middle stacking macromolecule bonding Oxidant layer such as EVA/PVB, then uses laminating machine to be laminated, also has plenty of and add further with autoclave Work, existing crooked assembly also has directly employing autoclave to make, but its yield rate is relatively low.Owing to glass is after tempering Cutting processing or bending cannot be carried out again, so existing laminating packaging mode only supports flat board safety glass.Due to life The restriction of production. art, BIPV kit form is single, mostly is flat board rule shape, causes photovoltaic application preferably to cut and builds Build design concept.
In order to make photovoltaic module perfectly be dissolved in the middle of modern building design, make modern architecture realize green energy conservation, be also Preferably realize the differentiation of photovoltaic products, a kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module of research and development and prepare this curved surface BIPV light The preparation technology of photovoltaic assembly is extremely urgent.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, it is provided that a kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof, This curved surface BIPV can be curved in the position needed so that the variation of BIPV kit form, can be complete by photovoltaic module Beautiful incorporates to modern building design, preferably realizes the differentiation of photovoltaic products.
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the present invention is realized by techniques below scheme:
A kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module of the present invention, including the glass front shroud being sequentially laminated, adhesive layer, the sun Battery, adhesive layer and glass back plate, described solar cell by crystalline silicon solar cell piece or flexible thin-film battery sheet according to Certain interval carries out array arrangement series connection and is welded, by glass protecgulum flaggy, adhesive layer, solar cell, bonding The photovoltaic module of oxidant layer and glass back plate lamination is provided with bending area, and bending area is placed in the two of solar cell array Position between row.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technology, by glass protecgulum flaggy, adhesive layer, solar cell, adhesive layer and The back side or its edge of the photovoltaic module of glass back plate lamination are provided with the rosette electrically connected with solar cell. And when rosette is placed in module backside, described glass back plate is provided with the perforate for installing rosette or fluting, install Solid and reliable.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technology, the periphery of described rosette is sealed by fluid sealant.
In the present invention, described glass front shroud and glass back plate all use the ultra-white float glass of high permeability.
In the present invention, described adhesive layer is PVB adhesive film, or is other polymeric laminate layers.
In the present invention, series welding becomes the spacing range between the solar cell piece of solar cell to be 6~12cm, is preferably 10cm。
The invention also discloses a kind of technique preparing above-mentioned curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module, the steps include:
(1) glass front shroud, glass back plate are cleaned up;
(2) crystalline silicon solar cell piece or flexible thin-film battery sheet are carried out array arrangement according to certain interval, and according to institute The voltage x current series welding needed, then welding busbar is to form solar cell;
(3) lay according to the order of glass front shroud/adhesive layer/solar cell/adhesive layer/glass back plate;
(4) carry out the above-mentioned glass laid front shroud/adhesive layer/solar cell/adhesive layer/glass in laminating machine Backboard is laminated;
(5) the assembly being laminated is passed through heating devices heat region to be bent to glass transition temperature;
(6) assembly is bent in softened region the angle subscribed, then makes assembly natural cooling;
(7) install rosette at the back side of assembly or edge additional, and use fluid sealant edge sealing.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: (1) present invention can according to actual needs by assembly at needs The region of bending is curved so that the variation of BIPV kit form, can perfectly be incorporated by photovoltaic module to the modern times and build Build design, preferably realize differentiation and the personalization of photovoltaic products;
(2) curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module of the present invention and preparation technology thereof are simple, it is easy to make, it is possible to effectively drop Low cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
With specific embodiment, the present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module structure schematic diagram (before not bending) described in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module structure schematic diagram (after bending) described in the embodiment of the present invention one.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one:
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module of the present invention, including the glass front shroud 1 being sequentially laminated, Adhesive layer 2, solar cell 3, another adhesive layer 4 and glass back plate 5, described solar cell 3 is by the crystalline silicon sun Cell piece or flexible thin-film battery sheet 31 carry out array arrangement series connection according to certain interval and are welded, by glass front shroud The photovoltaic module of layer 1, adhesive layer 2, solar cell 3, adhesive layer 4 and glass back plate layer 5 pressure is provided with curved Bent region B, bending area B are placed in position between two row of solar cell chip arrays.In the present invention, before described glass Cover plate 1 and glass back plate 5 all use the ultra-white float glass of high permeability, and described adhesive layer 2,4 is PVB glued membrane Layer, or make for other polymeric laminate layers, the spacing between described solar cell piece is 10cm.
In the present invention, by glass protecgulum flaggy 1, adhesive layer 2, solar cell 3, adhesive layer 4 and glass back plate The side of the photovoltaic module of 5 laminations is provided with the rosette electrically connected with solar cell, additionally, the week of described rosette Limit is sealed by fluid sealant.
Detailed description below a kind of technique preparing above-mentioned curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module of the present invention, the steps include:
(1) selecting thickness is that the glass front shroud 1 of 4mm, glass back plate 5 clean up, and dry up;
(2) crystalline silicon solar cell piece or flexible thin-film battery sheet 31 are spaced 10cm and carry out array arrangement, and according to required Voltage x current series welding, then welding busbar to form solar cell 3;
(3) spread according to the order of glass front shroud 1/ adhesive layer 2/ solar cell 3/ adhesive layer 4/ glass back plate 5 If;
(4) carry out above-mentioned glass front shroud 1/ adhesive layer 2/ solar cell 3/ adhesive layer laid in laminating machine 4/ glass back plate 5 is laminated;
(5) the assembly being laminated is passed through infrared lamps region to be bent, make this region Glass Transition, and this bending area Between two row solar cell pieces 31;
(6) assembly is bent in softened region the angle (as shown in Figure 2) subscribed, then makes assembly natural cooling;
(7) the side at assembly installs rosette additional, and uses fluid sealant edge sealing.
Embodiment two:
The present embodiment is essentially identical with above-described embodiment one, and its difference is, by above-mentioned steps (5) mid-infrared lamp Mode of heating replaces with the mode of heating of carbon dioxide laser.
The invention is not limited in above-mentioned embodiment, if various changes or modification to the present invention are without departing from the present invention's Spirit and scope, if these are changed and within the scope of modification belongs to claim and the equivalent technologies of the present invention, then this Bright also comprise these change and modification.

Claims (6)

1. the technique preparing curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module, it is characterised in that: described curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module bag Include glass front shroud, adhesive layer, solar cell, adhesive layer and the glass back plate being sequentially laminated, described too Positive electricity pond is carried out array arrangement series connection by crystal-silicon solar cell or flexible thin-film battery sheet according to certain interval It is welded, by glass protecgulum flaggy, adhesive layer, solar cell, adhesive layer and glass back plate lamination The photovoltaic module become is provided with bending area, and bending area is placed in position between two row of solar cell array, by Glass protecgulum flaggy, adhesive layer, solar cell, adhesive layer and the photovoltaic module of glass back plate lamination The back side or its edge the rosette electrically connected with solar cell is installed, the steps include:
(1) glass front shroud, glass back plate are cleaned up;
(2) crystalline silicon solar cell piece or flexible thin-film battery sheet are carried out array arrangement according to certain interval, and according to institute The voltage x current series welding needed, then welding busbar is to form solar cell;
(3) lay according to the order of glass front shroud/adhesive layer/solar cell/adhesive layer/glass back plate;
(4) carry out the above-mentioned glass laid front shroud/adhesive layer/solar cell/adhesive layer/glass in laminating machine Backboard is laminated;
(5) the assembly that has been laminated is heated region to be bent to glass transition temperature by infrared lamp or carbon dioxide laser, should Region to be bent is placed in position between two row of solar cell array;
(6) assembly is become predetermined angle at region bends to be bent, then make assembly natural cooling;
(7) install rosette at the back side of assembly or edge additional, and use fluid sealant edge sealing.
The technique of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: set in described glass back plate There are the perforate for installing rosette or fluting.
The technique of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the periphery of described rosette Sealed by fluid sealant.
The technique of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described glass front shroud and Glass back plate all uses the ultra-white float glass of high permeability.
The technique of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described adhesive layer is PVB Adhesive film.
The technique of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: series welding becomes solar cell Spacing range between solar cell piece is 6~12cm.
CN201310217990.XA 2013-06-04 2013-06-04 A kind of curved surface BIPV photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof Active CN103337537B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104037254B (en) * 2014-06-24 2017-01-25 中山大学 Multi-plane double glazing photovoltaic module and preparation technology thereof
CN108010974A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-05-08 高邮久创信息科技有限公司 A kind of S-shaped solar components manufacture method
CN110085691B (en) * 2019-05-22 2020-10-09 保定嘉盛光电科技股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of BIPV assembly

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5149351A (en) * 1988-05-24 1992-09-22 Asahi Glass Company Ltd. Method for making a curved solar panel for an automobile
EP1564816A1 (en) * 2004-02-16 2005-08-17 Curvet SPA Curved photovoltaic module and its production method
CN101800259A (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-11 生耀光电股份有限公司 Method for mounting plastic solar module
CN102916067A (en) * 2011-08-05 2013-02-06 深圳市中航三鑫光伏工程有限公司 Building material type double-sided glass photovoltaic component and manufacturing method thereof
CN102983213A (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-03-20 中电电气(南京)光伏有限公司 Lamination preparation process of curved-surface double-glass photovoltaic module

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2003005457A1 (en) * 2001-07-04 2003-01-16 Ebara Corporation Solar cell module and method of manufacturing the same
JP5205874B2 (en) * 2007-08-30 2013-06-05 富士電機株式会社 Manufacturing method of solar cell

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5149351A (en) * 1988-05-24 1992-09-22 Asahi Glass Company Ltd. Method for making a curved solar panel for an automobile
EP1564816A1 (en) * 2004-02-16 2005-08-17 Curvet SPA Curved photovoltaic module and its production method
CN101800259A (en) * 2009-02-09 2010-08-11 生耀光电股份有限公司 Method for mounting plastic solar module
CN102916067A (en) * 2011-08-05 2013-02-06 深圳市中航三鑫光伏工程有限公司 Building material type double-sided glass photovoltaic component and manufacturing method thereof
CN102983213A (en) * 2012-11-16 2013-03-20 中电电气(南京)光伏有限公司 Lamination preparation process of curved-surface double-glass photovoltaic module

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