CN103332955B - Edible fungus chaff aerated brick and preparation method therefor - Google Patents

Edible fungus chaff aerated brick and preparation method therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103332955B
CN103332955B CN201310215611.3A CN201310215611A CN103332955B CN 103332955 B CN103332955 B CN 103332955B CN 201310215611 A CN201310215611 A CN 201310215611A CN 103332955 B CN103332955 B CN 103332955B
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parts
minute
stir
edible mushrooms
brick
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CN201310215611.3A
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CN103332955A (en
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吴福贵
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TONGLING FENGZE BUILDING MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides an edible fungus chaff aerated brick. The aerated brick is prepared from the raw materials comprising, by weight, 30-35 parts of edible fungus chaff, 24-28 parts of fly ash, 15-20 parts of cement, 12-16 parts of lime, 3-5 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, 3-5 parts of oil foot, 12-18 parts of gypsum, 1-2 parts of aluminium powder, 1-2 parts of nekal, 16-19 parts of bentonite, 3-4 parts of lignocellulose, 2-3 parts of chitosan, 3-5 parts of sodium metasilicate, 8-10 parts of argil, 2-3 parts of rapeseed meal, 1-2 parts of ammonium persulfate and moderate water. The method employs the rapeseed meal as a raw material and the hydrophobicity of the brick is raised and the seepage-proofing effect is improved. Edible fungus chaff is employed as a raw material and waste materials can be utilized.

Description

A kind of edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building material field, be specifically related to a kind of aerated bricks and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Novel wall material aerated bricks as a kind of less energy-consumption, the New Building Materials of environment-friendly type, belong to the material of construction that country promotes, but because common aerating coagulation brick is made up of cement, flyash, unslaked lime, gypsum etc., there is the problems such as drying shrinkage value is large, intensity is low, infiltration, not corrosion-resistant, thermal insulation is not good, material source is single, therefore, be badly in need of gas concrete brick technology is studied further, make the requirement further meeting market.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks and preparation method thereof, adopt edible mushrooms chaff to be raw material, can be salvaged, meanwhile, employing dregs of rapeseed cake is raw material, can be used in remaining grease wherein, increases the hydrophobicity of aerated bricks.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks, it is characterized in that, it is processed into by the starting material of following weight part:
Edible mushrooms chaff 30-35, flyash 24-28, cement 15-20, lime 12-16, bamboo charcoal powder 3-5, oil foot 3-5, gypsum 12-18, aluminium powder 1-2, sodium dibutyl naphthalene sulfonate 1-2, wilkinite 16-19, lignocellulose 3-4, chitosan 2-3, Starso 3-5, potter's clay 8-10, dregs of rapeseed cake 2-3, ammonium persulphate 1-2, water are appropriate.
The preparation method of described a kind of edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1), edible mushrooms chaff, wilkinite, oil foot are joined in suitable quantity of water, be heated to 80-90 DEG C, stir 6-10 minute, then add Starso, ammonium persulphate, stir 30-40 minute, then, then add chitosan stirring 20-30 minute, become pureed;
(2) by cement, flyash, lime mixing, join in suitable quantity of water, stir 8-10 minute, then add other raw material such as mud, bamboo charcoal powder, aluminium powder potter's clay of step (1) gained, stir 10-15 minute, obtaining water content is 35-40% slurry;
(3) slurry be stirred is injected mould;
(4) then put into room of resting at 45-50 DEG C of sealing thermal insulation, rest time 1.5-2 hour;
(5) put in high pressure autoclave by fragment of brick and carry out steam press maintenance 6-8 hour, steam curing temperature is 200-215 DEG C, steam-cured pressure 7-10 MPa;
(6) fragment of brick in autoclave is removed to pressure, lowers the temperature, gone out still.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
The air-entrained concrete building block that the present invention produces, wherein adopt oil foot composition, through initiator modification, add the hydrophobicity of building block, greatly improve its infiltration ability, building block of the present invention uses at community exterior wall, last more than 3 years, do not find wall leakage phenomenon, and adopt traditional air-entrained concrete building block, annual Jun You resident family appearance infiltration in spring.Adopt rapeseed meal to be raw material in the present invention, add the hydrophobicity of brick, improve anti-seepage effect, meanwhile, adopt edible mushrooms chaff to be raw material, can be salvaged.
The air-entrained concrete building block that the present invention produces has that ultimate compression strength is high, light weight, sound insulation, heat insulation, good heat preservation performance, anti-freezing property and the advantage such as contraction is little thereof, solves the defect that traditional air-entrained concrete building block intensity is low, easy to crack.
Embodiment
A kind of edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks, it is processed into by the starting material of following weight part (kilogram):
Edible mushrooms chaff 30, flyash 28, cement 15, lime 16, bamboo charcoal powder 3, oil foot 5, gypsum 12, aluminium powder, sodium dibutyl naphthalene sulfonate 1, wilkinite 16, lignocellulose 4, chitosan 3, Starso 3, potter's clay 8, dregs of rapeseed cake 2, ammonium persulphate 2, water are appropriate.
The preparation method of described a kind of edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks, comprises the following steps:
(1), edible mushrooms chaff, wilkinite, oil foot are joined in suitable quantity of water, be heated to 80-90 DEG C, stir 6-10 minute, then add Starso, ammonium persulphate, stir 30-40 minute, then, then add chitosan stirring 20-30 minute, become pureed;
(2) by cement, flyash, lime mixing, join in suitable quantity of water, stir 8-10 minute, then add other raw material such as mud, bamboo charcoal powder, aluminium powder potter's clay of step (1) gained, stir 10-15 minute, obtaining water content is 35-40% slurry;
(3) slurry be stirred is injected mould;
(4) then put into room of resting at 45-50 DEG C of sealing thermal insulation, rest time 1.5-2 hour;
(5) put in high pressure autoclave by fragment of brick and carry out steam press maintenance 6-8 hour, steam curing temperature is 200-215 DEG C, steam-cured pressure 7-10 MPa;
(6) fragment of brick in autoclave is removed to pressure, lowers the temperature, gone out still.
The cubes that the hollow brick that the present invention produces cuts into 100mm × 100mm × 100mm is carried out Performance Detection, and detected result is as follows: ultimate compression strength 4.51Mpa, shrinkage value 0.67mm/m, frost resistance loss of strength 18%.

Claims (1)

1. an edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks, is characterized in that, it is processed into by the starting material of following weight part:
Edible mushrooms chaff 30-35, flyash 24-28, cement 15-20, lime 12-16, bamboo charcoal powder 3-5, oil foot 3-5, gypsum 12-18, aluminium powder 1-2, sodium dibutyl naphthalene sulfonate 1-2, wilkinite 16-19, lignocellulose 3-4, chitosan 2-3, Starso 3-5, potter's clay 8-10, dregs of rapeseed cake 2-3, ammonium persulphate 1-2, water are appropriate;
The preparation method of described a kind of edible mushrooms chaff aerated bricks, comprises the following steps:
(1), edible mushrooms chaff, wilkinite, oil foot are joined in suitable quantity of water, be heated to 80-90 DEG C, stir 6-10 minute, then add Starso, ammonium persulphate, stir 30-40 minute, then, then add chitosan stirring 20-30 minute, become pureed;
(2) by cement, flyash, lime mixing, join in suitable quantity of water, stir 8-10 minute, then add other raw material such as mud, bamboo charcoal powder, aluminium powder, potter's clay of step (1) gained, stir 10-15 minute, obtaining water content is 35-40% slurry;
(3) slurry be stirred is injected mould;
(4) then put into room of resting at 45-50 DEG C of sealing thermal insulation, rest time 1.5-2 hour;
(5) put in high pressure autoclave by fragment of brick and carry out steam press maintenance 6-8 hour, steam curing temperature is 200-215 DEG C, steam-cured pressure 7-10 MPa;
(6) fragment of brick in autoclave is removed to pressure, lowers the temperature, gone out still.
CN201310215611.3A 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Edible fungus chaff aerated brick and preparation method therefor Expired - Fee Related CN103332955B (en)

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CN103739240B (en) * 2013-12-09 2016-01-06 苏州圣韵工艺科技有限公司 A kind of brick fuel modelled after an antique of modular combination
CN104591597A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-06 枞阳县天筑新型建筑材料有限公司 Concrete having sound absorption performance and preparation method thereof
CN104591651A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-06 枞阳县天筑新型建筑材料有限公司 Fireproof flame-retardant concrete and preparation method thereof
CN104609787A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-13 枞阳县天筑新型建筑材料有限公司 Quick-drying reinforced fireproof concrete and preparation method thereof
CN104591653A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-06 枞阳县天筑新型建筑材料有限公司 High-efficiency energy-saving environment-friendly concrete and preparation method thereof
CN104591629A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-05-06 枞阳县天筑新型建筑材料有限公司 Highly waterproof flame-retardant concrete and preparation method thereof
CN105272077A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-27 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Coconut husk aerated building block and making method thereof
CN105236903A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-13 马鞍山杰创塑胶科技有限公司 Weatherproof durable aerated building block and preparation method thereof
CN107935427A (en) * 2017-11-21 2018-04-20 常州市奥普泰科光电有限公司 A kind of composite steel slag grinding aid
CN108911598A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-30 广西浙缘农业科技有限公司 A kind of technique preparing alkali-activated material using agricultural wastes

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Inventor after: Tang Haifeng

Inventor before: Wu Fugui

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Effective date of registration: 20170817

Address after: Tianjin city Beichen District Xiaguang 300000 Building No. 3 5 701

Patentee after: Tang Haifeng

Address before: 244000 Anhui province Tongling City suburb Tongdu Avenue South No. 1275

Patentee before: Tongling Fengze Building Materials Technology Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20150401

Termination date: 20180603