CN103331263B - Cereal homogenizing and collecting device - Google Patents

Cereal homogenizing and collecting device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103331263B
CN103331263B CN201310263137.1A CN201310263137A CN103331263B CN 103331263 B CN103331263 B CN 103331263B CN 201310263137 A CN201310263137 A CN 201310263137A CN 103331263 B CN103331263 B CN 103331263B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating disc
cereal
aggregate bin
housing
motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201310263137.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103331263A (en
Inventor
史希水
于效林
张德喜
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Juyang Intelligent Equipment Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
SHANDONG YIKAI STORAGE ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG YIKAI STORAGE ENGINEERING Co Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG YIKAI STORAGE ENGINEERING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310263137.1A priority Critical patent/CN103331263B/en
Publication of CN103331263A publication Critical patent/CN103331263A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103331263B publication Critical patent/CN103331263B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a cereal homogenizing and collecting device applied to a cereal winnowing machine, and belongs to the field of grain machinery. The device comprises a shell and a rotary disc, wherein the rotary disc is arranged in the shell, and the middle part of the rotary disc is higher than the edge. The rotary disc is an upward inclined curve from the edge to the middle part. The rotary disc is provided with fan blades which are scattered and distributed on the upper surface of the rotary disc. A motor is connected to the axis of the rotary disc, and a cereal collecting structure is arranged below the rotary disc. According to the device provided by the invention, cereals are uniformly distributed in a winnowing area, so that the residence time of cereals in the winnowing area is prolonged and the edulcorating efficiency is greatly improved, and the edulcorating rate is improved to 85% from original 70%. The cereals uniformly enter into a cereal colleting funnel to avoid blocking, so that the edulcorating system operates smoothly. The cereals are collided with the shell flexibly to prevent cereal particles from being crushed or cracked due to impact, so that the cereal winnowing output is improved.

Description

Cereal homocline material-gathering device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of the cereal homocline and the material-gathering device that are applied to grain fanning-sorting machine, belong to grain machinery field.
Background technology
During large-scale selection by winnowing cleaning equipment removal of impurities, there is too fast the making of grain blanking and light assorted to be pushed down by material, the shortcoming that light assorted cleaning is insufficient, the air port that material enters below sometimes easily results in blockage.And the small-sized corn selection by winnowing cleaning equipment being applicable to peasant household or grain distribution station is at present less, and existing cereal aidr bells blast system is used for large-scale pneumatic separator, is unsuitable for the application of mini-plant.
The patent No. 201010272671.5 discloses a kind of light impurity winnower for grains, the grain that Liang Za separation chamber is designed to the top being fixedly mounted on frame is mixed the top of cylinder, in cylinder mixed by grain, be provided with a Blowing drum, rotate equal charging tray, decelerator, motor and impeller and be connected and be uprightly arranged on the centre of Blowing drum.The advantage of this light impurity winnower for grains slow down impulsive force when material falls, improve light assorted elimination effect, its deficiency is, equal charging tray is not to the passage that material is separated, material is easily piled up more in direction, affect this direction impurity-eliminating effect, and the material that equal charging tray throws away and grain cylinder of mixing clashes into, easily cause the pulverizing of material, reduce output.
Summary of the invention
According to above deficiency of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: provide a kind of cereal homocline material-gathering device, slow down cereal falling speed, make cereal be evenly distributed to selection by winnowing district, greatly improve impurity-eliminating effect, and can be applied to Miniature wind optional equipment.
Cereal homocline material-gathering device of the present invention, comprise housing, rotating disc, rotating disc is arranged in housing, higher than edge in the middle part of rotating disc, rotating disc is an acclivitous curve by edge to middle part, and rotating disc arranges flabellum, and flabellum is that divergent shape is distributed in rotating disc upper surface, rotating disc axle center place connects motor, arranges aggregate structure below rotating disc.
Higher than edge in the middle part of rotating disc, cereal is uniformly distributed on the rotating pan, rotating disc is made up of high-abrasive material, by arranging flabellum, in cereal is evenly distributed on interval that flabellum is separated into, when motor driven rotary dish rotates, cereal can not focus on a direction, blanking is more even, and selection by winnowing impurity-eliminating effect is better.
Be a circular protrusions in the middle of described rotating disc, circular protrusions is fixedly connected with flabellum one end, and the flabellum other end extends to rotating disc edge.Circular protrusions center is higher than edge, and be that a level and smooth curve declines to edge by center, ensure that blanking is even, rotating disc is separated by flabellum completely.
Described flabellum is by being a flat segments or the curved section bent to same direction or flat segments, the combination of both curved sections that bends to same direction to rotating disc edge in the middle of rotating disc, preferably bending to same direction curved section, and bending direction is corresponding to rotating disc rotation direction.
Described flabellum is provided with 2 ~ 10, preferably 8.
Described aggregate structure comprises the first aggregate bin, the second aggregate bin, and the second aggregate bin is arranged on below the first aggregate bin, and the first aggregate bin outlet is arranged on the second aggregate bin entrance top, and the first aggregate bin, the second aggregate bin are separately fixed on housing.By arranging double-deck aggregate bin, the cereal of separation being put together, conveniently enters next process, cereal carries out secondary removal of impurities when the first aggregate bin falls into the second aggregate bin, auxiliary formation air channel, makes wind enter from the second aggregate bin side, enters selection by winnowing district through the first aggregate bin simultaneously.
The first described aggregate bin top edge is fixedly connected with housing, and junction arranges O-ring seal.First aggregate bin and housing junction are formed and seal, and avoid leaking out.
The second described aggregate bin is connected with housing by annular slab, annular slab is arranged circle, ellipse or polygonal through hole, and wind is entered in housing from annular slab.
The stripe board that the second described aggregate bin is arranged by spacing is connected with housing.
Described motor is arranged in motor cover, motor cover is surrounded by bottom and sidepiece, above motor cover, securing cover plate forms closed space, motor upper end is fixedly connected with cover plate by flange, motor shaft is connected with rotating disc through cover plate, and arrange penetration pipe bottom motor cover, sidepiece arranges uniform through hole, motor cover sidepiece is communicated with outside air by ventilation duct, and the connecting plate that motor cover is arranged by spacing is fixedly connected with housing.Motor adopts fire-proof motor, and motor cover inside forms the cooling air circulatory system, and pass into natural wind by breather pipe and cool, cooling air enters selection by winnowing district by the equally distributed through hole of motor cover sidepiece again, for selection by winnowing provides wind-force while realizing motor cooling.
The described housing corresponding to rotating disc is arranged the barrier plate of annular, barrier plate is rubber or plastic material.Barrier plate selects wear-resisting rubber or plastics, because rubber or plastics are flexible, cereal can not cause pulverizing because clashing into, after cereal clashes into simultaneously, impulsive force is buffered reduction, the speed that cereal enters the first aggregate bin reduces, and avoids the broken underproduction that cereal causes because of sorting to greatest extent, improves grain yield.
Operation principle and process:
When cereal falls on the rotating pan, due to the setting that rotating disc is low inside and high outside, cereal evenly drops in the separated multiple region of flabellum under self gravitation effect, when motor driven rotary dish rotates, cereal oliquely downward moves under centrifugal force and Action of Gravity Field, under flabellum promotes, cereal produces the component velocity tangent with rotating disc simultaneously, under component velocity effect, cereal is separated to from rotating disc the route arriving housing process and lengthens, the time that cereal rests on selection by winnowing district lengthens, and impurity-eliminating effect obviously strengthens.And due to the existence of tangential-velocity component, cereal and housing avoid direct head-on crash, substantially reduce the impulsive force of cereal, cereal and the softwood such as rubber or plastics matter bump against simultaneously, impulsive force reduces further under cushioning effect, avoiding cereal-granules to greatest extent because colliding the fragmentation caused, improving grain yield.
Natural wind is entered by the second aggregate bin and housing junction under case top draft effect, the selection by winnowing district between rotating disc and housing is entered again through the first aggregate bin, carry out selection by winnowing removal of impurities to the cereal of the first aggregate bin whereabouts and the cereal in selection by winnowing district, the cereal after removal of impurities draws off through the second aggregate bin and enters next process simultaneously.
The beneficial effect that the present invention is compared with prior art had is:
The present invention makes cereal be evenly distributed in selection by winnowing district, improves cereal in the selection by winnowing district holdup time, greatly can improve dust removal rate, make impurities removing efficiency bring up to 85% by original 70%; Cereal evenly enters aggregate bin, avoids blocking, ensures that impurity removed system runs smooth and easy; Cereal and housing flexible impact, avoid cereal-granules pulverize because of shock or ftracture, and improves cereal selection by winnowing output; Can change after wearing piece wearing and tearing, easy to maintenance, high life; Reasonable integral structure, easy to make, cost is low, is suitable for the pneumatic separator of different volumes, is especially applicable to Miniature wind optional equipment, is suitable for mass production.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is rotating disc top view;
Fig. 3 is rotating disc front sectional view;
Fig. 4 is the second aggregate bin connection diagram one;
Fig. 5 is the second aggregate bin connection diagram two;
Fig. 6 is the present invention's application schematic diagram.
In figure: 1, housing; 2, cover plate; 3, rotating disc; 3.1, card; 3.2, circular protrusions; 3.3, flabellum; 4, barrier plate; 5, the first aggregate bin; 6, motor cover; 7, penetration pipe; 8, motor; 9, discharging opening; 10, the second aggregate bin; 11, connecting plate; 12, ventilation duct; 13, annular slab; 14, O-ring seal; 15, stripe board; 16, inlet scoop; 17, tremie pipe; 18, stiffener.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described further:
Embodiment 1:
The embodiment of the present invention as shown in figures 1-4, comprise rotating disc 3, rotating disc 3 is arranged in housing 1, higher than edge in the middle part of rotating disc 3, centre is a circular protrusions 3.2, rotating disc 3 is by being an acclivitous curve bottom edge to central circular projection 3.2, circular protrusions 3.2 upper surface be by center to edge be one be tilted under curve, rotating disc 3 is arranged flabellum 3.3, circular protrusions 3.2 is fixedly connected with flabellum 3.3 one end, outer edge flushes, flabellum 3.3 other end extends to rotating disc 3 edge, flabellum 3.3 is distributed in rotating disc 3 upper surface in divergent shape, flabellum 3.3 is by being the curved section bending to same direction to rotating disc 3 edge in the middle of rotating disc 3, this bending direction is corresponding to the direction of rotation of motor, flabellum 3.3 has 8, be symmetricly set in card 3.1.Rotating disc 3 axle center place connects motor 8, motor 8 is arranged in motor cover 6, motor cover 6 is surrounded by bottom and sidepiece, above motor cover 6, securing cover plate 2 forms closed space, motor 8 upper end is fixedly connected with cover plate 2 by flange, motor shaft is fixedly connected with rotating disc 3 through cover plate 2, penetration pipe 7 is set bottom motor cover 6, for cabling, motor cover 6 sidepiece is communicated with outside air by ventilation duct 12, cooling air is enable to enter in motor cover 6, motor cover 6 sidepiece arranges uniform through hole, air for temperature being raised is discharged, ventilation duct 12 forms the cooling air circulatory system of motor with the through hole evenly gathered, the connecting plate 11 that motor cover 6 is arranged by spacing is fixedly connected with housing 1, this connecting plate 11 can be symmetrical arranged 4, respectively in motor cover all around, make motor cover fixing firm.Below rotating disc 3, aggregate structure is set, aggregate structure comprises the first aggregate bin 5, second aggregate bin 10, second aggregate bin 10 is arranged on below the first aggregate bin 5, first aggregate bin 5 outlet is arranged on directly over the second aggregate bin 10 entrance, first aggregate bin 5 top edge and housing 1 are welded and fixed, junction arranges O-ring seal 14, second aggregate bin 10 is connected with housing 1 by annular slab 13, annular slab 13 arranges circle, ellipse or polygonal through hole, circular hole, be evenly distributed on annular slab 13, ensure the smooth and easy current of wind, first aggregate bin 5, second aggregate bin 10, rotating disc 3 is coaxially arranged.The housing 1 corresponding to rotating disc 3 is arranged the barrier plate 4 of annular, barrier plate 4 is wear-resisting quality of rubber materials, avoids cereal directly firmly to contact with housing 1, and cause cereal-granules broken, barrier plate 4 can be changed after wearing and tearing, and improves service life.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 5, the stripe board 15 that the second aggregate bin 10 is arranged by spacing is connected with housing 1, and stripe board can be symmetrical arranged four, can provide a supporting role, can ensure the smooth and easy of selection by winnowing passage again to the second aggregate bin 10.
Embodiment 3:
As shown in Figure 6, embodiment 1 is applied on small-sized winnowing machine, tremie pipe 17 is set directly over rotating disc 3, tremie pipe is fixed on housing 1, and housing 1 upper end arranges inlet scoop, and inlet scoop 16 connects air exhauster or treatment facility of gently mixing, for selection by winnowing provides wind-force, the stiffener 18 of housing 1 lower end stationary annular, housings support is stablized, and feed opening connects next process unit.
The course of work:
Under air exhauster at inlet scoop 16 place or gently assorted treatment facility swabbing action, air flows upwards in housing 1, outside air enters in housing by the air inlet of the second aggregate bin 10 and housing 1 junction and discharging opening, the selection by winnowing district that rotating disc 3 formed with housing 1 is entered again through the first aggregate bin 5, selection by winnowing power is provided, cereal enters rotating disc 3 through tremie pipe 17, selection by winnowing district is evenly distributed under the rotation of rotating disc 3, the first aggregate bin 5 is entered against the wind after selection by winnowing removal of impurities, again carry out removal of impurities, finally exported by the first aggregate bin 5 and enter the second aggregate bin 10, finally enter next process by the second aggregate bin 10, carry gently assorted or little assorted wind to rise along housing 1, be sucked in air exhauster or light assorted treatment facility, complete dedoping step.When after work a period of time, the cereal sealing that second aggregate bin 10 discharging opening 9 is automatically stacked, air enters in housing 1 by the second aggregate bin 10 with housing 1 junction, controls motor 8 rotating speed and blanking amount, second aggregate bin 10 discharging opening 9 is in by sealing state always, wind speed is stablized.

Claims (6)

1. a cereal homocline material-gathering device, comprise housing (1), rotating disc (3), rotating disc (3) is arranged in housing (1), it is characterized in that: rotating disc (3) middle part is higher than edge, rotating disc (3) is an acclivitous curve by edge to middle part, rotating disc (3) is arranged flabellum (3.3), flabellum (3.3) is distributed in rotating disc (3) upper surface in divergent shape, rotating disc (3) axle center place connects motor (8), and rotating disc (3) below arranges aggregate structure;
Described aggregate structure comprises the first aggregate bin (5), the second aggregate bin (10), second aggregate bin (10) is arranged on the first aggregate bin (5) below, first aggregate bin (5) outlet is arranged on the second aggregate bin (10) entrance top, and the first aggregate bin (5), the second aggregate bin (10) are separately fixed on housing (1);
Described the second aggregate bin (10) is connected with housing (1) by annular slab (13), and (13) arrange circle, ellipse or polygonal through hole to annular slab;
Described with the corresponding housing (1) of rotating disc (3) on the barrier plate (4) of annular is set, barrier plate (4) is rubber or plastic material.
2. cereal homocline material-gathering device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be a circular protrusions (3.2) in the middle of described rotating disc (3), circular protrusions (3.2) is fixedly connected with flabellum (3.3) one end, and flabellum (3.3) other end extends to rotating disc (3) edge.
3. cereal homocline material-gathering device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described flabellum (3.3) is by being a flat segments or the curved section bent to same direction or flat segments, the combination of both curved sections that bends to same direction to rotating disc (3) edge in the middle of rotating disc (3).
4. cereal homocline material-gathering device according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described flabellum (3.3) is provided with 2 ~ 10.
5. cereal homocline material-gathering device according to claim 4, is characterized in that: described the first aggregate bin (5) top edge is fixedly connected with housing (1), and junction arranges O-ring seal (14).
6. cereal homocline material-gathering device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described motor (8) is arranged in motor cover (6), motor cover (6) is surrounded by bottom and sidepiece, motor cover (6) top securing cover plate (2) forms closed space, motor (8) upper end is fixedly connected with cover plate (2) by flange, motor shaft is connected with rotating disc (3) through cover plate (2), motor cover (6) bottom arranges penetration pipe (7), sidepiece arranges uniform through hole, motor cover (6) sidepiece is communicated with outside air by ventilation duct (12), the connecting plate (11) that motor cover (6) is arranged by spacing is fixedly connected with housing (1).
CN201310263137.1A 2013-06-27 2013-06-27 Cereal homogenizing and collecting device Active CN103331263B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310263137.1A CN103331263B (en) 2013-06-27 2013-06-27 Cereal homogenizing and collecting device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310263137.1A CN103331263B (en) 2013-06-27 2013-06-27 Cereal homogenizing and collecting device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103331263A CN103331263A (en) 2013-10-02
CN103331263B true CN103331263B (en) 2015-07-01

Family

ID=49239505

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310263137.1A Active CN103331263B (en) 2013-06-27 2013-06-27 Cereal homogenizing and collecting device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103331263B (en)

Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104117486B (en) * 2014-08-08 2016-11-02 安徽科技学院 The simple gas flow sizing machine of powder
CN109229557A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-18 内蒙古民族大学 A kind of electric automatization blanking device
CN110665591B (en) * 2019-10-18 2021-02-26 河南理工大学 Rotor of recycled concrete aggregate mortar removing device, device and working method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU521029A2 (en) * 1974-04-29 1976-07-15 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Цементной Промышленности Centrifugal separator
CN2573090Y (en) * 2002-09-12 2003-09-17 盐城市科行建材环保有限公司 Radical spreading plate for powder sorter
CN101947513A (en) * 2010-08-30 2011-01-19 黄华静 Light impurity winnower for grains
CN201736368U (en) * 2010-07-19 2011-02-09 浙江天台菱正机械有限公司 Colloidal particle-fiber separator
CN202778960U (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-03-13 山东华特磁电科技股份有限公司 Vertical purification efficient airflow grader
CN203380117U (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-01-08 山东亿恺仓储工程有限公司 Grain homogenizing and collecting device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
SU521029A2 (en) * 1974-04-29 1976-07-15 Всесоюзный Научно-Исследовательский Институт Цементной Промышленности Centrifugal separator
CN2573090Y (en) * 2002-09-12 2003-09-17 盐城市科行建材环保有限公司 Radical spreading plate for powder sorter
CN201736368U (en) * 2010-07-19 2011-02-09 浙江天台菱正机械有限公司 Colloidal particle-fiber separator
CN101947513A (en) * 2010-08-30 2011-01-19 黄华静 Light impurity winnower for grains
CN202778960U (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-03-13 山东华特磁电科技股份有限公司 Vertical purification efficient airflow grader
CN203380117U (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-01-08 山东亿恺仓储工程有限公司 Grain homogenizing and collecting device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103331263A (en) 2013-10-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103331263B (en) Cereal homogenizing and collecting device
CN201768689U (en) Ore powder separator
CN105414034A (en) High dispersion type vortex powder selecting machine
CN105344602A (en) Multi-stage microparticle vacuum screening device
CN205570424U (en) Automatic clearance environment -friendly milling machine
CN106944220A (en) The cement that a kind of band multistage breaks up mechanism is processed with efficient scattering and grading equipment
CN103341445B (en) Rotary type grain separating device
CN202207614U (en) High-oil biomass fuel shattering system
CN206168550U (en) Hierarchical recycle system of cement particle
CN100453183C (en) Crushing and classifying device
CN104014413B (en) A kind of enclosed comminuting matter gathering-device and collection method
CN101999742A (en) Grinding machining system
CN203380099U (en) Rotary grain separation equipment
CN203380117U (en) Grain homogenizing and collecting device
CN201774941U (en) Feed crushing system
CN201815488U (en) High-efficiency environment-friendly sundry cleaner for material
CN102631988B (en) Magnetic-field air-separating device
KR101294029B1 (en) separating apparatus of wasted electric wire
CN208679312U (en) A kind of raw material grinding device
CN205833347U (en) Outer circulation high-effective classifying device
CN202497942U (en) Magnetic field air separation device
CN202174006U (en) Winnowing type powder removing machine for artificial sandstone
CN110586259A (en) Ventilation circulation ball mill
CN205308793U (en) Screening plant of high -efficient silicon powder
CN201219388Y (en) Production facility for pulverizing plant material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20160108

Address after: 255086 Shandong city of Zibo province high tech Zone Willow Road No. 125 advanced ceramics industry innovation park A block, room 605

Patentee after: Shandong Yiyang Storage Engineering Co. Ltd.

Address before: 255088 Baoshan Road, hi tech Zone, Shandong, Zibo 22

Patentee before: Shandong Yikai Storage Engineering Co., Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 255000, No. 1, Taishan Road, Zhangdian Economic Development Zone, Shandong, Zibo

Patentee after: Shandong Yiyang food intelligent equipment Limited by Share Ltd

Address before: 255000, No. 1, Taishan Road, Zhangdian Economic Development Zone, Shandong, Zibo

Patentee before: Shandong Yiyang food intelligent equipment Co. Ltd.

CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 255000, No. 1, Taishan Road, Zhangdian Economic Development Zone, Shandong, Zibo

Patentee after: Shandong Yiyang food intelligent equipment Co. Ltd.

Address before: 255086 Shandong city of Zibo province high tech Zone Willow Road No. 125 advanced ceramics industry innovation park A block, room 605

Patentee before: Shandong Yiyang Storage Engineering Co. Ltd.

CP03 Change of name, title or address
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 255000, No. 1, Taishan Road, Zhangdian Economic Development Zone, Shandong, Zibo

Patentee after: Shandong Juyang Intelligent Equipment Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 255000, No. 1, Taishan Road, Zhangdian Economic Development Zone, Shandong, Zibo

Patentee before: Shandong Yiyang food intelligent equipment Limited by Share Ltd

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder