CN103325214B - Automatic call system for a two-wheeled vehicle and a method for help - Google Patents

Automatic call system for a two-wheeled vehicle and a method for help Download PDF

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CN103325214B
CN103325214B CN201310265236.3A CN201310265236A CN103325214B CN 103325214 B CN103325214 B CN 103325214B CN 201310265236 A CN201310265236 A CN 201310265236A CN 103325214 B CN103325214 B CN 103325214B
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host
information
sub
help
vehicle
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CN201310265236.3A
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CN103325214A (en
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覃韶辉
廖剑雄
张禅亮
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惠州市德赛西威汽车电子股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,包括固定在车辆上的主机和固定在头盔上的副机,所述主机包括主机处理器及与主机处理器连接的主机存储器、主机加速度传感器和通信模块,所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的卫星定位模块、主机加速度传感器、倾斜角度传感器和RFID接收模块;所述副机包括副机处理器及与副机处理器连接的副机存储器、RFID发射模块和副机加速度传感器。 The present invention discloses an automatic call system for a two-wheeled vehicle, comprising slave hosts fixed to the vehicle and fixed to the helmet, the host includes a host processor and a host memory coupled to the host processor, the host an acceleration sensor and a communication module, said host further comprises a satellite positioning module connected to the host processor, the host an acceleration sensor, an inclination angle sensor and the RFID receiver module; said machine comprises a sub-sub-sub-processors and the processors connected sub-local memory, RFID module and slave transmitting an acceleration sensor. 本发明结合摩托车等两轮车辆的特点,采用主机和副机,使用加速度信息、倾斜角度信息、RFID通信信息进行分析判断,增强了识别摩托车交通事故的准确性。 The present invention combines the features of two-wheeled vehicle like a motorcycle, the host and slave employed, using the acceleration information and the tilt angle information, the communication information analysis to determine the RFID enhance the recognition accuracy of motorcycle traffic accidents.

Description

一种用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统及其呼救方法 Automatic call system for a two-wheeled vehicle and a method for help

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及自动呼救系统,特别涉及一种用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统及其呼救方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to automatic call system, and particularly relates to an automatic distress call system and method for two-wheeled vehicles.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 摩托车、电动车等两轮车辆由于其价格不高,操作简单,在偏远的山区、交通不发达的农村都普遍以摩托车等两轮车辆为主要交通工具,但由于只有两个轮子,在高速行驶下遇到路面不平,极易发生交通事故,而在偏远的山区和交通不发达的农村,或是深夜里,道路上人员较少,一旦发生交通事故,很难得到他人的帮助,导致耽误抢救伤员的宝贵时间。 [0002] motorcycles, electric cars and other two-wheeled vehicles because of its inexpensive, easy to operate, in remote mountainous areas, rural areas with poor communications are common to motorcycles and other two-wheeled vehicles as the main means of transport, but because there are only two wheels at high speeds encountered in uneven pavement, easily traffic accidents, and in the remote mountainous areas and underdeveloped rural traffic, or the middle of the night, less people on the road, once the accident occurred, it is difficult to get others help, resulting in wasted valuable time to rescue the wounded.

[0003]目前在车辆上有一些自动呼救系统,都是以单一的加速度信息去自动判断车辆是否发生事故,容易引起误判,给使用者带来诸多不便。 [0003] There are some automated call system in the vehicle, all in a single vehicle acceleration information to automatically determine whether the accident, prone to false positives, a lot of inconvenience to the user. 另外由于两轮车辆的特殊性,现有的自动呼救系统难以满足两轮车辆安全的特殊性的需要。 Further since the two-wheeled vehicle particularity, conventional automatic call system can not meet the two-wheeled vehicle safety particularity required.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 为克服上述现有技术的缺陷与不足,本发明提出一种用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统及其呼救方法。 [0004] To overcome the above drawbacks and deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides an automatic distress call system and a method for two-wheeled vehicle.

[0005] 本发明采用的技术方案为: [0005] aspect of the present invention is used are:

[0006] 一种用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,包括固定在车辆上的主机,所述主机包括主机处理器及与主机处理器连接的主机存储器、主机加速度传感器和通信模块;所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的卫星定位模块、主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器,所述主机处理器根据主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器采集的车辆的加速度信息和倾斜角度信息,判断车辆是否出现故障,通过通信模块进行呼救;所述卫星定位模块收集、记录和储存车辆的位置信息及行驶轨迹;所述主机还包括为各模块提供工作电压的供电模块。 [0006] An automatic call system for a two-wheeled vehicle, comprising a main fixed to the vehicle, the host includes a host processor and a host memory coupled to the host processor, the host an acceleration sensor and a communication module; the host further comprising a satellite positioning module connected to the host processor, the host of the acceleration sensor and the tilt angle sensor, the host processor based on the acceleration information and the tilt angle of the acceleration sensor and the host information collected by the sensor inclination angle of the vehicle, the vehicle determines whether a failure occurs, SOS performed through the communication module; the satellite positioning module to collect, record and store the vehicle position information and traveling locus; further comprising providing the host operating voltage power supply module for each module.

[0007] 更优选的方案是,上述自动呼救系统还包括固定在头盔上的副机,所述副机包括副机处理器及与副机处理器连接的副机存储器、RFID发射模块和副机加速度传感器,还包括为副机各模块供电的副机电池;所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的RFID接收模块,所述副机的RFID发射模块通过主机的RFID接收模块与主机进行通信,将副机加速度传感器收集到的信息发送给主机。 [0007] The more preferred embodiment is that the automatic call system further comprises a fixed sub-unit on the helmet, the machine comprises a sub-sub-sub-processors and a local memory connected to the slave processor, transmitting the RFID module and slave the acceleration sensor further comprises a power supply for the slave modules of the slave battery; said host further comprises an RFID transmitter RFID module receiving module connected to a host processor, said sub-machine communication by RFID module and the host receiving host, the slave acceleration sensor information collected to the host.

[0008] 具体的,所述主机存储器存储有主机系统软件、预定的呼叫号码和车辆驾驶人员的信息。 [0008] Specifically, the host stores the host system software memory, a predetermined call number information and the driver of the vehicle.

[0009] 所述通信模块设有喇叭和麦克风。 The [0009] communication module is provided with a microphone and a speaker.

[0010] 优选的,所述主机的供电模块的输入端连接车辆电源,所述主机还包括与供电模块输入端连接的备用电池。 [0010] Preferably, the power supply input of the host vehicle is connected to the power supply module, said host further comprising a backup battery power supply terminal connected to the input module.

[0011] 优选的,所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的用于人工直接启动呼救的一键呼救按键。 [0011] Preferably, said host further comprises means for doing a direct start key SOS SOS button is connected with a host processor.

[0012] 优选的,所述副机还包括与副机处理器连接的用于人工直接启动呼救的一键呼救按键。 [0012] Preferably, the machine further comprises a sub-key for help button is connected to the slave processor for manually started directly for help.

[0013] 优选的,所述副机存储器用于储存副机系统软件和与主机匹配的副机识别编号。 [0013] Preferably, the secondary storage unit for storing the sub-system and the host software matching the identification number of the sub-machine.

[0014] 进一步优选的,所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的呼叫指示器件,提醒驾驶人员进行呼救确认。 [0014] Further preferably, said host further comprises a call indication means connected to the host processor, to call for help remind the driver for confirmation.

[0015] 用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统的自动呼救方法,包括步骤: [0015] The method of automatic distress call system for an automatic two-wheeled vehicle, comprising the steps of:

[0016] (I)采用卫星定位,收集、记录和储存摩托车的位置信息及行驶轨迹,主机处理器根据卫星定位信息里的速度信息判定车辆在行驶; [0016] (I) using satellite positioning, collecting, recording and storage of motorcycles and the traveling locus information of the location, the host processor determines that the vehicle traveling information satellite positioning information in accordance with the speed;

[0017] (2)车辆上的主机与头盔上的副机之间采用RFID方式进行通讯,在行驶时,当主机根据副机识别编号确认该副机为配套的副机,则按照预定的周期确认副机是否与主机在通信; Using RFID way between [0017] (2) the host and slave on the helmet on the vehicle communication, during running, the auxiliary machine when the host according to confirm the identification number of supporting sub-slave unit is a predetermined cycle Are you sure to communicate with a host in the sub-machine;

[0018] (3)主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器采集车辆的加速度信息和倾斜角度信息,当加速度和倾斜角度发生变化,或加速度发生变化且车辆与头盔之间的RFID通讯中断,主机处理器将判断为发生事故,呼叫指示器件立即给出相应声光提示; [0018] (3) an acceleration sensor and the inclination angle of the main sensor information acquired vehicle acceleration information and the tilt angle, and tilt angle when the acceleration change, or acceleration change and the RFID communication between the vehicle and helmet interrupt, the host processor the accident is determined, given the appropriate call indication device immediately sound and light tips;

[0019] (4)如当事人没有发生交通事故,则中断呼救,如超过预设的时间没有人工进行中断,系统将自动实施呼救,将交通事故信息通知到预定的呼救中心,并将系统预设的电话号码及人员信息、事故的位置和车辆最近的行驶轨迹等信息发送给呼救中心。 [0019] (4) When a person is not a traffic accident occurs, the interrupt for help, such as more than a preset time no artificial interrupt, the system will automatically call for help embodiments, the notification to the predetermined accident information center for help, and the system default telephone number and personnel information, the accident location and the nearest vehicle running track and other information sent to the center for help.

[0020] 与现有技术相比,本发明的有益效果有: [0020] Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are:

[0021] (I)本发明结合摩托车等两轮车辆的特点,采用主、副机,使用加速度信息、倾斜角度信息、RFID通信信息进行分析判断,增强了识别摩托车交通事故的准确性,当发生摩托车交通事故时,在伤员不能联系救援人员的情况下,系统能准确、快速、自动识别摩托车发生交通事故,并将交通事故信息及相关救援信息准确、及时地发送给呼救中心,使救援工作能迅速开展,使受伤人员能得到及时救援和治疗,减低摩托车事故的伤亡率; Features [0021] (I) of the present invention in conjunction with the two-wheeled vehicle like a motorcycle, the use of main and auxiliary machinery, using the acceleration information and the tilt angle information, the communication information analysis to determine the RFID enhance the recognition accuracy of a motorcycle traffic accident, when a motorcycle accident occurs, in the case of the wounded could not be contacted rescuers, the system can accurately, quickly and automatically identify the motorcycle traffic accidents and accident-related information and rescue information accurate and timely sent to the center for help, so that rescue work can be carried out quickly, so that the injured can receive timely rescue and treatment, reduce the casualty rate of motorcycle accidents;

[0022] (2)本发明的主机的供电模块的输入端同时连接车辆电源和备用电池,在车辆电源不能供电的情况下,备用电池能继续供电,提高了系统的可靠性; [0022] (2) input terminal of the power supply module of the present invention while the host vehicle is connected and the battery backup power, in a case where the vehicle can not supply power, the auxiliary battery can continue to supply, to improve the reliability of the system;

[0023] (3)本发明的主机的通信模块设有喇叭和麦克风,在呼救信息发出后,可让当事人与外界进行通话,有利于外界随时了解当事人的情况; [0023] (3) The master module of the present invention is provided with a communication speaker and microphone, sent after the call for help information, so that the parties can talk with the outside world, it is conducive to keep abreast of outside parties;

[0024] (4)本发明的主机或副机还包括用于人工直接启动呼救的一键呼救按键,在自动呼救系统出现故障时,可实现人工一键呼救,进一步提高了系统的可靠性。 [0024] (4) The master or slave according to the present invention further comprises means for doing a direct start key for help SOS button, in the automatic call system failure, can achieve an artificial key for help to further improve the reliability of the system.

[0025] (5)本发明的所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的呼叫指示器件,提醒驾驶人员进行呼救确认,在当事人觉得没必要进行呼救时,可在设定的时间内中断呼救,减少不必要的麻烦。 [0025] (5) the host of the present invention further includes a call indicating device connected to the host processor, for help alert the driver for confirmation, when the parties feel no need for help, call for help can be interrupted at a set time, reduce unnecessary trouble.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0026] 图1是本发明所述的用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统的主机的硬件原理框图; [0026] FIG. 1 is a hardware block diagram of the automatic call system of a host for a two-wheeled vehicle according to the present invention;

[0027] 图2是本发明所述的用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统的副机的硬件原理框图; [0027] FIG. 2 is a hardware block diagram of a two-wheeled vehicle automatic call system of the auxiliary machine according to the present invention;

[0028]图3是本发明所述自动呼救系统的主机软件流程图。 [0028] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of the host software system of the present invention is an automatic call for help.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0029] 为了便于本领域技术人员的理解,下面将结合附图及实施例对本发明作进一步详细描述: [0029] In order to facilitate understanding of the skilled in the art, in conjunction with the following drawings and embodiments of the present invention is described in further detail:

[0030] 如图1和2所示,本发明所揭示的用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,包括固定在车辆上的主机和固定在头盔上的副机,所述主机包括主机处理器及与主机处理器连接的主机存储器、主机加速度传感器和通信模块;所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的卫星定位模块、主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器和RFID接收模块,所述主机处理器根据主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器采集的车辆的加速度信息和倾斜角度信息,判断车辆是否出现故障,通过通信模块进行呼救,所述通信模块设有喇叭和麦克风;所述卫星定位模块收集、记录和储存车辆的位置信息及行驶轨迹;所述主机还包括为各模块提供工作电压的供电模块。 [0030] 1 and 2, the present invention is disclosed the automatic call system for two-wheeled vehicles, comprising a stationary sub-host on the vehicle and fixed on the helmet, and the host computer 2 includes a host processor and a host memory coupled to the host processor, the host an acceleration sensor and a communication module; said host further comprises a satellite positioning module connected to the host processor, the host acceleration sensor and the inclination angle sensor and the RFID receiver modules, the host processor from the host acceleration information of the acceleration sensor and the tilt angle collected by the sensor and the vehicle inclination angle information, determine whether the vehicle fails, a call for help through the communication module, the communication module is provided with a microphone and a speaker; the satellite positioning module for collecting, recording and storing vehicle position information and the traveling locus; further comprising providing the host operating voltage power supply module for each module. 所述副机包括副机处理器及与副机处理器连接的副机存储器、RFID发射模块和副机加速度传感器,还包括为副机各模块供电的副机电池;所述副机的RFID发射模块通过主机的RFID接收模块与主机进行通信,将副机加速度传感器收集到的信息发送给主机。 The machine comprises a sub-sub-sub-processors and a local memory connected to the slave processor, the RFID module and the slave transmitting an acceleration sensor, further comprising a power supply for the slave modules of the slave battery; the RFID transmitter of the slave the module to communicate via RFID host and the host receiving module, transmitting the information collected by the acceleration sensor slave to the host.

[0031] 主机的处理器用于主机软件的运行,根据加速度信息、倾斜角度信息、RFID通信信息来判断交通事故的发生,指示系统按预设的电话号码进行交通事故报警。 [0031] a processor for running host software host, based on the acceleration information, information of inclination angle, the RFID information to determine the communication traffic accidents, traffic accident alarm indication system according to a preset telephone number.

[0032] 主机的存储器用于储存主机软件;还储存预定的呼救电话号码,呼救电话不限定于呼救中心电话,也可是政府专门机构电话如110,也可是亲人电话;存储摩托车驾驶人员信息,如姓名等;还存储副机的识别编号,用于区别其它摩托车。 [0032] The host memory for storing host software; also stores a predetermined number of service calls, service calls for help is not limited to the telephone center, but also special government agencies such as the telephone 110, but also relatives telephone; motorcycle driver information storage, such as name and the like; also stores the sub-machine identification number for distinguishing other motorcycles.

[0033] 主机的通信模块用于主机与预设的呼救中心进行联系,模块可以向呼救中心发送规定的数据,例如系统预设的电话号码及人员信息、事故的位置和摩托车最近的行驶轨迹等信息;由于配置有喇叭和麦克风,使得外界可以与主机进行通话,以确认交通事故的发生情况。 [0033] The host communication means for the host with a preset center contact for help, the module can send data to a predetermined center for help, for example, by default phone number and personnel information, and the position of the motorcycle accident latest travel locus other information; since the speaker and microphone are arranged so that the call can be made outside the host to confirm the occurrence of traffic accidents.

[0034] 主机的供电模块用于整个系统在正常情况下的供电,摩托车的电池接到供电模块的电源输入端,经过供电模块的电压转换,提供给体统各模块和器件;同时检测备用电池的电量情况,一旦发现备用电池低于预定的电量将给电池进行充电,并知会系统发出备用电池电量过低的提示,另外也检测摩托车给主机供电的情况,一旦发生由于外力导致摩托车中断给主机的供电时,将启用备用电池给系统供电。 [0034] The host power supply means for the entire system under normal conditions, the motorcycle battery module to supply power input through the power supply voltage conversion module, and each module is provided to decency device; simultaneous detection of the auxiliary battery battery condition, if it is found below the predetermined backup battery will power the battery is charged, and inform the system give alternate low battery tips There is also a case where the host detects a motorcycle powered by an external force leading to a motorcycle in the event of when an interrupt to the host power supply, will enable the backup battery to power the system.

[0035] 主机的RFID接收模块用于与副机进行通信,当在行驶中两者通信中断时,例如摩托车驾驶员被撞飞离摩托车,可判断为异常。 RFID receiving module [0035] for communicating with the host machine vice, both when communication is interrupted during running, e.g. motorcyclists hit fly motorcycle, it may be determined to be abnormal.

[0036] 主机上还设有数据传输接口,例如USB接口,但不限于USB接口,用于与计算机进行通信,更新主机软件、人员信息、呼救电话号码、副机识别编号等信息。 [0036] The host is also provided with a data transmission interface such as a USB interface, but is not limited to a USB interface, for communicating with a computer, the host software updates, personnel information, telephone number information for help, the sub-unit identification number.

[0037] 主机上还设有一系列按键,分别包括:一键呼救按键,用于人工直接启动呼救;主机上有匹配键,用于与副机进行匹配,一个主机可以与多个副机匹配为一个系统;中断键,用于当系统提示是否要进行呼救时,可以中断呼救;电源开关键,当不处于行驶状态时可以关闭系统,以免消耗完摩托车电池的电量。 [0037] The host also has a series of keystrokes, each comprising: a key button for help, for manually started directly for help; the matching key for the sub-matching on the host machine, the host may be associated with a matching plurality of slave a system; interrupt key, when prompted for whether to call for help can be interrupted for help; power key, when not in running state can shut down the system, so as not to consume the motorcycle battery.

[0038] 主机上还设有一系列指示灯,分别包括:信号指示灯,但不限于指示灯,也可以是显示屏等其它指示器件,用于指示卫星定位信号和电话通信信号是否正常;电池电量指示灯,但不限于指示灯,也可以是显示屏等其它指示器件,用于指示电池电量是否正常;维护模式指示灯,但不限于指示灯,也可以是显示屏等其它指示器件,用于指示正在与电脑连接进行通信;呼救指示灯,但不限于指示灯,也可以是显示屏等其它指示器件,用于提醒需要进行呼救确认,闪烁时表示等待确认,常亮时表示已实施呼救;副机连接指示灯,但不限于指示灯,也可以是显示屏等其它指示器件,用于指示副机与主机通信是否正常。 [0038] The host also has a number of lights, each comprising: a signal light, but not limited to lights, and other display may be an indication means for indicating that the telephone communication signal and a satellite positioning signal is normal; battery indicator, but not limited to lights, and other display may be a pointing device, for indicating whether the battery is normal; maintenance mode indicator, but not limited to lights, and other display may be a pointing device, for It indicates the computer is connected to a communication; indicator for help, but are not limited to, lights, and other display may be a pointing device, for prompting the need for help to confirm, when flashing indicates waiting for an acknowledgment, when lit indicates embodiment for help; connect the sub-LEDs, but are not limited to, lights, and other display may be a pointing device, for indicating whether the sub-machine normally communicates with the host.

[0039] 副机的处理器用于副机软件的运行,根据加速度信息来判断交通事故的发生,指示系统按预设的电话号码进行交通事故报警。 [0039] The slave processor for running software in the sub, the acceleration information to determine traffic accidents, traffic accident alarm indication system according to a preset telephone number. 副机的存储器用于储存系统软件;存储副机的识别编号,用于主机匹配。 A memory for storing the sub-machine system software; slave identification number stored for matching hosts. 副机加速度传感器用于检测人员的加速度变化,向系统提供人员加速度变化信息。 An acceleration sensor for the auxiliary machine acceleration detecting a change person to provide information to the system acceleration change art. 副机的RFID发射模块用于与主机进行通信,将副机的加速度传感器收集到的信息发送给主机。 An RFID module for a slave communicate with the host, transmitting the acceleration sensor information collected from slave to host. 副机上有数据传输接口,例如USB接口,但不限于USB接口,用于与计算机进行通信,更新副机软件、副机识别编号;副机上也设有一键呼救按键,用于人工直接启动呼救。 There the slave data transmission interface such as a USB interface, but is not limited to a USB interface, for communicating with a computer, the update sub software, the auxiliary machine identification number; also has a button for help button on the slave, for manually started directly for help.

[0040] 如图3所示的自动呼救系统的主机软件流程图,用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统的自动呼救方法,包括步骤: [0040] The host software flow chart shown automatic call system shown in Figure 3, a method for the automatic distress call system automatic two-wheeled vehicle, comprising the steps of:

[0041] (I)初始化后,先检测备用电池是否正常,如电量不足,则需要为备用电池充电,当检测到备用电池正常时,则主机自动工作在自动呼救模式,采用卫星定位模块,收集、记录和储存摩托车的位置信息及行驶轨迹,主机处理器根据卫星定位信息里的速度信息判定车辆在行驶; [0041] After the (I) initialization, to detect whether the battery backup is normal, such as lack of electricity, it is necessary to charge the backup battery when the detected battery backup is normal, the host automatically operate in automatic call for help mode, using a satellite positioning module for collecting , record and store location information, and a motorcycle traveling locus, the host processor determines that the vehicle traveling information satellite positioning information in accordance with the speed;

[0042] (2)车辆上的主机与头盔上的副机之间采用RFID方式进行通讯,在行驶时,当主机根据副机识别编号确认该副机为配套的副机,则按照预定的周期确认副机是否与主机在通信; Using RFID way between [0042] (2) the host and slave on the helmet on the vehicle communication, during running, the auxiliary machine when the host according to confirm the identification number of supporting sub-slave unit is a predetermined cycle Are you sure to communicate with a host in the sub-machine;

[0043] (3)主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器采集车辆的加速度信息和倾斜角度信息,当加速度和倾斜角度发生变化,或加速度发生变化且车辆与头盔之间的RFID通讯中断,处理器将判断为发生事故,呼叫指示器件立即给出相应声光提示; [0043] (3) an acceleration sensor and the inclination angle of the main acceleration sensor information and the information collection vehicle inclination angle, and tilt angle when the acceleration of change, or acceleration change and the RFID communication between the vehicle and helmet interrupt, the processor determines of accident, immediately give the appropriate device call indicating sound and light tips;

[0044] (4)如当事人没有发生交通事故,则中断呼救,如超过预设的时间没有人工进行中断,系统将自动实施呼救,将交通事故信息通知到预定的呼救中心,并将系统预设的电话号码及人员信息、事故的位置和车辆最近的行驶轨迹等信息发送给呼救中心,呼救中心接到报警后,拨打系统电话号码与当事人进行联系,确认为交通事故后,将立即派出人员到事故现场进行救援。 [0044] (4) When a person is not a traffic accident occurs, the interrupt for help, such as more than a preset time no artificial interrupt, the system will automatically call for help embodiments, the notification to the predetermined accident information center for help, and the system default telephone number and personnel information, the accident location and the nearest vehicle running track and other information sent to the center for help, for help after the center received a report, the system dials the phone number to contact with the parties, recognized as a traffic accident, it will be sent immediately to the staff scene of the accident rescue.

[0045] 除了上述的自动呼叫模式,本发明的自动呼救系统还可以工作在手工呼叫模式、通话模式和维护模式。 [0045] In addition to the automatic calling mode, the automatic call system of the present invention also can operate in a manual calling mode, talk mode and the maintenance mode. 在手工呼救模式下,当事人发生事故时,可直接通过主机或副机的一键呼救按键进行呼救;所述维护模式,是主机的数据传输接口与计算机进行通信,更新主机软件、人员信息、呼救电话号码、副机识别编号等信息,该过程中维护模式指示灯被激活。 For help in the manual mode, when the accident party, directly or through a host machine sub key SOS SOS button; the maintenance mode, a data transfer interface for communication with the host computer, the host software updates, personnel information, call for help telephone number, identification number and other information of the sub-unit, the maintenance mode process indicator is activated.

[0046] 以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制,但凡采用等同替换或等效变换的形式所获得的技术方案,均应在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0046] The above embodiments are only expressed embodiment of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood as limiting the scope of the present invention, provided in the form of equivalent replacement or equivalent transformation of the obtained technical solutions should be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1.一种用于两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,包括固定在车辆上的主机,所述主机包括主机处理器及与主机处理器连接的主机存储器、主机加速度传感器和通信模块,其特征在于:所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的卫星定位模块、主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器,所述主机处理器根据主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器采集的车辆的加速度信息和倾斜角度信息,判断车辆是否出现故障,通过通信模块进行呼救;所述卫星定位模块收集、记录和储存车辆的位置信息及行驶轨迹;所述主机还包括为各模块提供工作电压的供电模块; 所述自动呼救系统还包括固定在头盔上的副机,所述副机包括副机处理器及与副机处理器连接的副机存储器、RFID发射模块和副机加速度传感器,还包括为副机各模块供电的副机电池;所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的RFID接收 An automatic call system for a two-wheeled vehicle, comprising a main fixed to the vehicle, the host includes a host processor and a host memory coupled to the host processor, the host an acceleration sensor and a communication module, comprising: said host further comprises a satellite positioning module connected to the host processor, the host of the acceleration sensor and the tilt angle sensor, the host processor based on the acceleration information and the tilt angle of the acceleration sensor and the host information collected by the sensor inclination angle of the vehicle, it is determined whether the vehicle fails, a call for help through the communication module; the satellite positioning module to collect, record and store the vehicle position information and traveling locus; further comprising providing the host operating voltage for the power supply module modules; the automatic call system further comprises a fixed slave on the helmet, the machine comprises a sub-sub-sub-processors and a local memory connected to the slave processor, the RFID module and the slave transmitting an acceleration sensor, further comprising a power supply for the slave modules of the slave battery; said host further comprising an RFID receiver connected to the host processor 块,所述副机的RFID发射模块通过主机的RFID接收模块与主机进行通信,将副机加速度传感器收集到的信息发送给主机;所述通信模块设有喇叭和麦克风;所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的呼叫指示器件,提醒驾驶人员进行呼救确认。 An RFID module block, said sub-machine is performed by a host module and receiving RFID host communication, the slave information collected from the acceleration sensor to the host computer; a communication module is provided with a microphone and a speaker; said host further comprises a host processor connected call indicator device to alert the driver for confirmation for help.
2.根据权利要求1所述的两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,其特征在于:所述主机存储器存储有主机系统软件、预定的呼叫号码和车辆驾驶人员的信息。 The two-wheeled vehicle according to the automatic call system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the host stores the host system software memory, a predetermined call number information and the driver of the vehicle.
3.根据权利要求1所述的两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,其特征在于:所述主机的供电模块的输入端连接车辆电源,所述主机还包括与供电模块输入端连接的备用电池。 The two-wheeled vehicle according to the automatic call system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said input terminal of the power supply module is connected to the vehicle power supply of the host, the host terminal further includes a backup battery power supply module is connected to the input.
4.根据权利要求1所述的两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,其特征在于:所述主机还包括与主机处理器连接的用于人工直接启动呼救的一键呼救按键。 The two-wheeled vehicle according to the automatic call system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said host further comprises a key for help button connected to the host processor for manually started directly for help.
5.根据权利要求1所述的两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,其特征在于:所述副机还包括与副机处理器连接的用于人工直接启动呼救的一键呼救按键。 The two-wheeled vehicle according to the automatic call system as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: said machine further comprises a sub-key for help button is connected to the slave processor for manually started directly for help.
6.根据权利要求1所述的两轮车辆的自动呼救系统,其特征在于:所述副机存储器用于储存副机系统软件和与主机匹配的副机识别编号。 The two-wheeled vehicle according to the automatic call system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: said local memory for storing the sub-sub-system and the host software matching the identification number of the sub-machine.
7.根据权利要求1所述的两轮车辆的自动呼救系统的自动呼救方法,包括步骤: (1)采用卫星定位,收集、记录和储存摩托车的位置信息及行驶轨迹,主机处理器根据卫星定位信息里的速度信息判定车辆在行驶; (2)车辆上的主机与头盔上的副机之间采用RFID方式进行通讯,在行驶时,当主机根据副机识别编号确认该副机为配套的副机,则按照预定的周期确认副机是否与主机在通Is ; (3)主机加速度传感器和倾斜角度传感器采集车辆的加速度信息和倾斜角度信息,当加速度和倾斜角度发生变化,或加速度发生变化且车辆与头盔之间的RFID通讯中断,主机处理器将判断为发生事故,呼叫指示器件立即给出相应声光提示; (4)如当事人没有发生交通事故,则中断呼救,如超过预设的时间没有人工进行中断,系统将自动实施呼救,将交通事故信息通知到预定的呼救中 The automatic method for automatic distress call system of the two-wheeled vehicle of claim 1, comprising the steps of claim: (1) using satellite positioning, collecting, recording and storage of motorcycles and the traveling locus information of the position, the satellite host processor location information in the traveling speed information of the vehicle is determined; the use of RFID communication mode between the host and slave on the helmet (2) of the vehicle, during running, the confirmation number when the host machine in accordance with the sub-slave unit is identified as supporting auxiliary machine, it is confirmed according to a predetermined cycle whether the sub-machine and the host through is; (3) the host of the acceleration sensor and the inclination angle sensor to collect acceleration information and the tilt angle information of the vehicle, when the acceleration and the inclination angle change, or acceleration change and the RFID communication between the vehicle and helmet interrupt, the host processor determines an accident, immediately call indication device gives the corresponding sound and light tips; (4) When a person is not a traffic accident occurs, the interrupt for help, such as more than a preset time is not manually interrupted, the system will automatically call for help implement the notification of accident information to a predetermined call for help in ,并将系统预设的电话号码及人员信息、事故的位置和车辆最近的行驶轨迹等信息发送给呼救中心。 And the system preset phone number and personnel information, the accident location and the nearest vehicle running track and other information sent to the center for help.
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