CN103322778A - Veneer drying unit - Google Patents

Veneer drying unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103322778A
CN103322778A CN2013102755980A CN201310275598A CN103322778A CN 103322778 A CN103322778 A CN 103322778A CN 2013102755980 A CN2013102755980 A CN 2013102755980A CN 201310275598 A CN201310275598 A CN 201310275598A CN 103322778 A CN103322778 A CN 103322778A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat dissipation
veneer
dissipation channel
plate
air
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2013102755980A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103322778B (en
Inventor
袁安
王道贤
Original Assignee
袁安
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 袁安 filed Critical 袁安
Priority to CN201310275598.0A priority Critical patent/CN103322778B/en
Publication of CN103322778A publication Critical patent/CN103322778A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103322778B publication Critical patent/CN103322778B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a veneer drying unit comprising a box and an air heat exchanger. The box is provided with a feed hole and a discharge hole. A feed device is disposed on the feed hole side of the box. A discharge device is disposed on the discharge hole side of the box. A conveying device is disposed between the feed device and the discharge device and comprises a driving sprocket set, a driven sprocket set and a circular chain, wherein the driving sprocket set and the driven sprocket set are disposed on the box and the circular chain surrounds the sprocket sets. A plurality of clamping rods are disposed on the circular chain at intervals. A partition arranged between the upward portion and the downward portion of the circular chain encloses the inner upper space of the box to form a baking passage. A first cooling passage is formed above the baking passage. A second cooling passage is formed at the bottom of the partition. Both a bottom plate of the first cooling passage and a top plate of the second cooling passage are evenly provided with a plurality of vent holes communicated with the baking passage. The first cooling passage and the second cooling passage are communicated with an air outlet of an air pipe and an air outlet of the air heat exchanger respectively. Compared with the prior art, the veneer drying unit has the advantage that the problems that the existing veneer easily cracks during baking and baking is high in energy consumption and low in efficiency are solved.

Description

Veneer drying equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to wood processing equipment manufacturing technology field, especially a kind of machine for the veneer of timber is dried.
Background technology
The veneer of timber is the raw material of producing the wood-based plates such as glued board, core-board, thick china, and veneer mostly is with rounding and forms.The veneer that goes out because of rotary-cut contains large quantity of moisture, so need to carry out just being used for producing after drying is processed wood-based plate to it; Traditional drying mode is with a sheet by a sheet veneer airing in the sun, undertaken by moisture evaporation, but this airing mode need to take a large amount of places, and the low and veneer of production efficiency easily is out of shape, but also will be subjected to the restriction of weather.At present, there are on the market a lot of wood-working factories to adopt veneer drying equipment that veneer is carried out drying and processing, a kind of veneer drying equipment is arranged, this veneer drying equipment comprises the casing that is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, be horizontally disposed with a plurality ofly by electric motor driven roller group in the described casing, each roller group has upper roller set up and down and lower roller; The above and below of a plurality of described roller groups is respectively arranged with the heat dissipation channel that is communicated with air heat exchanger; The top of described casing is provided with a plurality of blast pipes.In use there are the following problems for this veneer drying equipment: 1, because veneer is to put down to arrange the baking channel that plate enters drying box, and every meter baking channel can only be discharged 1.7 veneers, and production efficiency is low, cost is high; 2, in order to improve output, often temperature is elevated to and carries out acute oven dry more than 150 ℃, veneer is sharply dewatered, cause the drying stress of generation too to concentrate on a certain period, the veneer that causes drying out is out of shape greatly, and cracking is many; When 3, veneer was heated transpiring moisture in addition, along machine direction moisture conduction of velocity than the large 10-20 of horizontal fibers direction doubly, when namely toasting, vertically the evaporation rate of two ends was far longer than the evaporation rate at plate face middle part; Plate face edges at two ends is at first shunk, and shrinkage factor is 6%-8%, and the width of a veneer will shrink 30 millimeters; And by roller group roll-in feeding, the plate face to veneer in feeding process has carried out artificial roll-in, has run counter to the natural law that veneer will be shunk by thermal process, easily causes the phenomenon of veneer mechanical damage, i.e. cracking or pressure break; 4, the charging of veneer and discharging are by workman's manual operations, by 24 meters 3/ day calculating will be removed 50 tons of veneers every day, and labour intensity is large; 5, adopt the mode of high temperature, low humidity to dry, hot-air is not recycling, and heat energy loss is large, and oven dry veneer out is more crisp under the medium situation of high temperature, low humidity, does not have flexibility, is unfavorable for that next process uses.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of veneer drying equipment that is heated evenly, and it can solve high, the inefficient problem of existing veneer drying equipment energy consumption.
The technical scheme that technical solution problem of the present invention adopts is: this veneer drying equipment comprises casing and the air heat exchanger that is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, the top of described casing is provided with a plurality of blast pipes, the charging aperture side of described casing is provided with feed arrangement, the discharging opening side of described casing is provided with drawing mechanism, is provided with conveying device between the two;
Described conveying device comprise drive sprocket set and the driven chain wheels that are located on the described casing and be looped around described drive sprocket set and described driven chain wheels on ring chain, be arranged at intervals with many material-handling rods on the described ring chain; Described drive sprocket set is connected with the first power cylinder by ratchet device;
Be provided with dividing plate between described ring chain ascender and descender, described dividing plate encloses a baking channel with the upper space in the described casing; The top of described baking channel is provided with the first heat dissipation channel, and the bottom of described dividing plate is provided with the second heat dissipation channel, is distributed with the louvre of the described baking channel of a plurality of connections at the top board of the base plate of described the first heat dissipation channel and described the second heat dissipation channel; Described the first heat dissipation channel and described the second heat dissipation channel are communicated with the gas outlet of described air heat exchanger by tracheae respectively, a plurality of described blast pipes are communicated with the air inlet of described air heat exchanger by tracheae, are provided with exhaust apparatus between a plurality of described blast pipes and described air heat exchanger.
In the above-mentioned veneer drying equipment and technology scheme, technical scheme can also be more specifically: described feed arrangement comprises by guide rod and is contained in suction disc case on the frame, described suction disc case is connected with the second power cylinder that drives its lifting, and described suction disc case is provided with the first travel switch of its lifting of control; Described suction disc case below is provided with Material feeding trolley, is provided with travelling car between described Material feeding trolley and the described suction disc case, and described travelling car is contained on the described frame by slide rail, and described travelling car is connected with the 3rd power cylinder that drives its walking; Described frame is provided with the second travel switch of the described travelling car walking of control.
Further, described drawing mechanism comprises by slide rail and is contained in clamping device on the frame, and described frame is provided with the third trip switch that the described clamping device of control moves; Described clamping device comprises the material folding seat that is connected with the 4th power cylinder, described material folding seat is provided with two the material folding base plate and the gripper shoes that be arranged in parallel, between described material folding base plate and described gripper shoe, be provided with the material folding plate, described material folding plate is connected with the 5th power cylinder that drives its lifting, and described the 5th power cylinder is fixed on the described gripper shoe; Described clamping device below is provided with out trolley.
Further, described exhaust apparatus comprises the exhaust outlet that is located on the tracheae, at described exhaust outlet dodge gate is housed, and described dodge gate is connected with the 6th power cylinder of regulating its open and close.
Further, be provided with guider and the temperature control spray header of described material-handling rod in the bottom of described the first heat dissipation channel.
Further, described the first heat dissipation channel is divided into a plurality of split channels to the inner space by the polylith flow distribution plate along air flow direction; Be arranged at intervals with the deflection plate of polylith at the described top board of described the second heat dissipation channel.
Further, the base plate plate face of described suction disc case is provided with a plurality of air entries, is provided with the tracheae that is communicated with the first blower fan above described suction disc case, and described tracheae is provided with the movable gate of the described suction disc case tolerance of control, and described movable gate is connected with the 7th power cylinder; Described the first blower fan is communicated with the air heat exchanger air inlet by tracheae.
Further, a plurality of louvres on the described base plate of described the first heat dissipation channel are distributed in the side near described casing discharging opening; The width b of described top board is less than the length L of veneer; The described deflection plate of polylith on the described top board towards vertical with air flow direction, the height of described deflection plate is successively to the discharging opening direction from charging aperture and successively decreases, and the height h of first described deflection plate of nearly described charging aperture side is 1/2 of described the first heat dissipation channel height H; The spacing that described deflection plate distributes at described base plate is successively from the middle part to both sides successively decreases.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that has is: 1, the ring chain that is interval with material-handling rod that is driven by ratchet device is housed at the two ends of casing, can vertically place veneer and toast between adjacent material-handling rod, every meter baking channel can be discharged 63 veneers; Because veneer is vertical placement, veneer lengthened relatively in the time of baking channel, and the temperature of whole baking channel is arranged in 80 ℃~100 ℃ scopes, reduced by 50 ℃~70 ℃ than 150 ℃ of existing baking temperatures, had reduced energy consumption, had improved production efficiency; Along with the reduction of temperature, the veneer drying rate slows down 5 times, and the drying stress that veneer bore within the unit interval alleviates, and has eliminated the phenomenon that stress is concentrated, and dry veneer distortion out is little, without cracking, has improved the quality of veneer baking finished product; 2, the louvre that is provided with the first heat dissipation channel and the first heat dissipation channel above the ring chain ascender is located at by discharging opening one side, in order that do not make veneer in the initial sharply dehydration of being heated, causes each one to shrink the inhomogeneous cracking phenomena that causes; First half section in baking channel, the hot-air that the temperature of top side's the first heat dissipation channel tube wall and the second heat dissipation channel below blow out carries out drying to veneer, gapped between plate and the plate at this moment, hot-air is not subjected to resistance from veneer below air motion, can fast the Free water at veneer middle part be taken away; Moreover, the width b of top board is less than the length L of veneer, louvre blows out a scope middle part at veneer of hot-air, its objective is allow veneer enter baking channel from charging aperture after, hot-air heats veneer from the below louvre first, hot-air therefrom section is distributed to both sides and makes the contraction at the contraction at veneer middle part and two ends consistent, can reach the effect at flash baking veneer middle part, does not make again the veneer crack at edge.When half of veneer operation overbaking passage stroke, apply hot-air to the middle part of veneer simultaneously from below and top louvre again and carry out drying; Former because move to the baking channel second half section when veneer, veneer generation slight deformation, the gas channel between plate and the plate has some setbacks, and from top supplemental heat air, can make being heated of veneer more even.Along air flow direction the inner space is divided into a plurality of split channels by the polylith flow distribution plate at the first heat dissipation channel, its effect is to make the distribution of hot-air in whole the first heat dissipation channel more even; And the bottom interval of the top board in the second heat dissipation channel be provided with polylith deflection plate and deflection plate towards vertical with air flow direction, the height of deflection plate is the arrangement of successively decreasing successively from charging aperture to discharging opening direction, deflection plate is the arrangement of successively decreasing successively in the spacing that base plate distributes from the middle part to both sides, these arrange all is afterbodys for the hot-air direct access that prevents from entering the second heat dissipation channel, and hot-air is evenly distributed in the second heat dissipation channel; 3, charging aperture and the discharging opening side at casing is equipped with respectively feed arrangement and drawing mechanism, be provided with the ring chain that is provided with many material-handling rods of the batch (-type) rotation that drives by ratchet device between feed arrangement and the drawing mechanism, the suction disc case is delivered on the material-handling rod of the ring chain on the driven sprocket by travelling car after picking up a veneer, realizes automatic feed; Finish the veneer of baking by the drawing mechanism self-emptying, alleviated workman's labour intensity, improved productivity ratio; 4, be provided with temperature control spray header in casing, when temperature surpassed 280 ℃ that set, temperature control spray header was opened water spray at once, guarantees the production of veneer drying device security.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged drawing at the M place of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the casing of the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the cutaway view at the A-A place of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the cutaway view at the B-B place of Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the cutaway view at the C-C place of Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is that the P of Fig. 4 is to view.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the feed arrangement of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 is the top view of Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is that the K of Fig. 9 is to view.
Figure 12 is the partial enlarged drawing at the I place of Fig. 9.
Figure 13 is the cutaway view at the E-E place of Figure 12.
Figure 14 is that the H of Fig. 9 is to view.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the drawing mechanism of the embodiment of the invention.
Figure 16 is the top view of Figure 15.
Figure 17 is the partial enlarged drawing at the Q place of Figure 15.
Figure 18 is that the N of Figure 15 is to view.
Figure 19 is the partial enlarged drawing at the D-D place of Figure 18.
Description of reference numerals: afer bay 1-1, cylinder 1-2, slide rail 1-3, slide block 1-4, cylinder 1-5, guide pillar 1-6, gripper shoe 1-7, material folding plate 1-8, material folding base plate 1-9, ratchet 1-10, cylinder 1-11, wheel track 1-12, road wheel 1-13 goes out trolley 1-14, dead man 1-15, spring 1-16, third trip switch 1-17, fourth line journey switch 1-18, casing 2, charging aperture 2a, discharging opening 2b, drive sprocket set 2-1, blast pipe 2-2, the second heat dissipation channel 2-3, deflection plate 2-4, material-handling rod 2-5, driven chain wheels 2-6, the first heat dissipation channel 2-7, guider 2-8, temperature control spray header 2-9, flow distribution plate 2-10, base plate 2-11, top board 2-12, dividing plate 2-13, humidity sensor 2-14, temperature sensor 2-14, exhaust apparatus 3, rotating shaft 3-1, cylinder 3-2, tooth bar 3-3, dodge gate 3-4, gear 3-5, exhaust outlet 3-6, the first blower fan 3-7, the second blower fan 3-8, feed arrangement 4, forebay 4-1, suction disc case 4-2, slide rail 4-3, cylinder 4-4, guide rod 4-5, cylinder 4-6, airduct 4-7, movable gate 4-8, slide block 4-9, moving slider 4-10, travelling car 4-11, Material feeding trolley 4-12, track 4-13, road wheel 4-14, cylinder 4-15, the first travel switch 4-16, the second travel switch 4-17, air heat exchanger 5.
The specific embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
First power cylinder of the present embodiment is cylinder 1-11, and the second power cylinder is cylinder 4-6, and the 3rd power cylinder is cylinder 4-15, and the 4th power cylinder is cylinder 1-2, and the 5th power cylinder is cylinder 1-5, and the 6th power cylinder is cylinder 3-2, and the 7th power cylinder is cylinder 4-4.
Comprise the casing 2 that is provided with charging aperture 2a and discharging opening 2b, air heat exchanger 5 such as Fig. 1, Fig. 4, Fig. 6 and veneer drying equipment shown in Figure 7; The present embodiment is equipped with nine blast pipe 2-2 at the top of casing 2, the charging aperture 2a side of casing 2 is equipped with feed arrangement 4, feed arrangement 4 comprises by the suction disc tank tower and is contained in suction disc case 4-2 on the forebay 4-1, the present embodiment is provided with six air entries at the base plate plate face of suction disc case 4-2, be provided with the tracheae 4-7 that is communicated with the first blower fan 3-7 above suction disc case 4-2, the first blower fan 3-7 is communicated with by the air inlet of tracheae with air heat exchanger 5 tops; Tracheae 4-7 is provided with the movable gate 4-8 of control suction disc case 4-2 tolerance, and movable gate 4-8 is connected with cylinder 4-4, and with the suction disc of realizing suction disc case 4-2 with unload plate, cylinder 4-4 is connected with air accumulator by magnetic valve, and magnetic valve is connected with control cabinet by wire; Cylinder 4-6 is fixed on the forebay 4-1 by the suction disc tank tower; The first travel switch 4-16 of its lifting of control is housed on the suction disc case 4-2, the first travel switch 4-16 comprises suction disc case upper stroke switch and the suction disc case lower stroke switch that is contained on the suction disc case 4-2, and suction disc case upper stroke switch is connected wire with suction disc case lower stroke switch and is connected with control cabinet; Suction disc case 4-2 is contained on the piston rod of 2 cylinder 4-6 that drive its lifting by the connecting plate that is welded on both sides, 2 cylinder 4-6 are fixed on the forebay 4-1 by the suction disc tank tower, the connecting plate of suction disc case 4-2 both sides is equipped with respectively 2 guide rod 4-5 in the both sides of cylinder 4-6, and 2 guide rod 4-5 are by being sleeved on being fixed on the suction disc tank tower of the outer slide block 4-9 of guide rod 4-5.Be provided with the Material feeding trolley 4-12 that road wheel 4-14 is housed below suction disc case 4-2, Material feeding trolley 4-12 is equipped with the track 4-13 that supports road wheel 4-14 walking in the below; Between Material feeding trolley 4-12 suction disc case 4-2, be provided with travelling car 4-11,2 moving slider 4-10 are housed respectively on two side stands of travelling car 4-11,2 moving slider 4-10 are contained on the forebay 4-1 by the slide rail 4-3 that installed slide block 4-10, travelling car 4-11 is connected with and drives its cylinder 4-15 that walks at slide rail 4-3, cylinder 4-15 is contained on the forebay 4-1 by support, cylinder 4-15 is connected with air accumulator by magnetic valve, and magnetic valve is connected with control cabinet by wire; Forebay 4-1 is equipped with the second travel switch 4-17 that control travelling car 4-11 moves, the second travel switch 4-17 comprises travelling car left lateral journey switch and the travelling car right lateral journey switch that is contained on the forebay 4-1, and travelling car left lateral journey switch is connected wire with travelling car right lateral journey switch and is connected with control cabinet; Such as Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13 and shown in Figure 14.The discharging opening 2b side of casing 2 is equipped with drawing mechanism 1, and drawing mechanism 1 comprises clamping device, and clamping device two side stands all are equipped with a slide block 1-4, and clamping device is fixed on the afer bay 1-1 by the slide rail 1-3 that installed slide block 1-4; Clamping device comprises the material folding seat that is connected on the cylinder 1-2 piston rod, and cylinder 1-2 is connected with air accumulator by magnetic valve, and magnetic valve is connected with control cabinet by wire; Cylinder 1-2 is fixed on the afer bay 1-1 by support; The material folding seat is provided with two material folding base plate 1-9 that be arranged in parallel and gripper shoe 1-7, and material folding base plate 1-9 and gripper shoe 1-7 are welded on the material folding seat; Material folding plate 1-8 is housed between material folding base plate 1-9 and gripper shoe 1-7, material folding plate 1-8 is contained on the piston rod of the cylinder 1-5 that drives its lifting, cylinder 1-5 is contained on the gripper shoe 1-7, and material folding plate 1-8 is equipped with guide pillar 1-6, and guide pillar 1-6 is contained on the gripper shoe 1-7 by the guide pin bushing that installs thereon; Trolley 1-14 is housed out below clamping device, and the track 1-12 that supports road wheel 1-13 is equipped with in the below that goes out trolley 1-14; Afer bay 1-1 is provided with the third trip switch 1-17 that the control clamping device moves, third trip switch 1-17 comprises being contained in and going out trolley left lateral journey switch and go out trolley right lateral journey switch on the afer bay 1-1, goes out trolley right lateral journey switch and is connected with control cabinet by wire; Such as Figure 15, Figure 16 and shown in Figure 17.
At feed arrangement 4 and drawing mechanism 1 conveying device is installed between the two; Conveying device comprises and is contained in drive sprocket set 2-1 and driven chain wheels 2-6 on the casing 2, drive sprocket set 2-1 is contained on the support of casing 2 discharging opening 2b one side by driving shaft, one end of driving shaft is equipped with ratchet 1-10, afer bay 1-1 in ratchet 14 1 sides is equipped with cylinder 1-11, cylinder 1-11 is connected with air accumulator by magnetic valve, and magnetic valve is connected with control cabinet by wire; The dead man plate is housed on the piston rod of cylinder 1-11, is welded with the dead man axle sleeve on the dead man plate, dead man 1-15 is inserted in the installing hole of dead man axle sleeve by spring 1-16; The tooth phase clamping of dead man 1-15 and ratchet 1-10 outer; Side at the piston rod of cylinder 1-11 is equipped with fourth line journey switch 1-18, and fourth line journey switch 1-18 is connected with control cabinet by wire, to realize the intermittent duty of control ring chain.Driven chain wheels 2-6 is contained on the support of casing 2 charging aperture 2a one side by driven shaft; Be surrounded with ring chain on drive sprocket set 2-1 and the driven chain wheels 2-6, be arranged at intervals with many material-handling rod 2-5 at ring chain, the carrier bar on material-handling rod 2-5 and the ring chain is welded to connect.Between ring chain ascender and ring chain descender dividing plate 2-13 is installed, dividing plate 2-13 encloses a baking channel with casing 2 internal upper part spaces; The first heat dissipation channel 2-7 is installed on the top of baking channel, guider 2-8 and the temperature control spray header 2-9 of 2 material-handling rod 2-5 are housed in the bottom of the first heat dissipation channel 2-7, guider 2-8 comprises 2 guide posts that are located at material-handling rod 2-5 direction of travel both sides, with the ring chain operation of guaranteeing to be welded with material-handling rod 2-5 steadily; 4 guide posts of 2 assembly guidance 2-8 and temperature control spray header 2-9 all are welded on the base plate 2-11 of the first heat dissipation channel 2-7 bottom, temperature control spray header 2-9 is connected with water pump by water pipe, when the temperature in the casing 2 surpasses 280 ℃ that set, temperature control spray header 2-9 opens water spray at once, to guarantee the safety in production of equipment; The second heat dissipation channel 2-3 is installed in the bottom of dividing plate 2-13; Be distributed with a plurality of louvres on the top board 2-12 of the base plate 2-11 of the first heat dissipation channel 2-7 and the second heat dissipation channel 2-3, the upper a plurality of louvres that distribute of the base plate 2-11 of the first heat dissipation channel 2-7 are positioned at the side near casing 2 discharging opening 2b, and the width b of top board 2-12 is less than the length L of veneer, louvre blows out the scope of hot-air only at the middle part of veneer (such as Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and shown in Figure 7), in order that do not make veneer in the initial rapid dehydration of being heated, cause each one to shrink the inhomogeneous cracking phenomena that causes; First half section in baking channel, the hot-air that the temperature of top side's the first heat dissipation channel 2-7 tube wall and the second heat dissipation channel 2-3 below blow out carries out drying to veneer, gapped between plate and the plate at this moment, hot-air is not subjected to resistance from veneer below air motion, can fast the Free water at veneer middle part be taken away; Moreover, the width b of top board 2-12 is less than the length L of veneer, louvre blows out a scope middle part at veneer of hot-air, its objective is allow veneer enter baking channel from charging aperture 2a after, hot-air heats veneer from the below louvre first, hot-air therefrom section is distributed to both sides and makes the contraction at the contraction at veneer middle part and two ends consistent, can reach the effect at flash baking veneer middle part, does not make again the veneer crack at edge.When half of veneer operation overbaking passage stroke, apply hot-air to the middle part of veneer simultaneously from below and top louvre again and carry out drying; Former because move to the baking channel second half section when veneer, veneer generation slight deformation, the gas channel between plate and the plate has some setbacks, and from top supplemental heat air, can make being heated of veneer more even.The present embodiment is divided into seven split channels to inner space by six flow distribution plate 2-10 along air flow direction at the first heat dissipation channel 2-7, and its effect is to make the temperature in whole the first heat dissipation channel 2-7 even; 6 flow distribution plate 2-10 are welded on the base plate 2-11; The bottom interval of the top board 2-12 of the present embodiment in the second heat dissipation channel 2-3 is welded with ten deflection plate 2-4, ten deflection plate 2-4 towards vertical with air flow direction; The height of deflection plate 2-4 is the arrangement of successively decreasing successively from charging aperture 2a to discharging opening 2b direction, and the height h of first deflection plate 2-4 of nearly charging aperture 2a side is 1/2 of the first heat dissipation channel 2-7 height H; Deflection plate 2-4 is the arrangement of successively decreasing successively in the spacing that base plate 2-11 distributes from the middle part to both sides, these arrange all is afterbodys for the hot-air direct access that prevents from entering the second heat dissipation channel, and hot-air is evenly distributed in the second heat dissipation channel; As shown in Figure 8.Four humidity sensor 2-14 are equipped with at the interval between the first heat dissipation channel 7 sidewalls and casing 2 sidewalls, at the second heat dissipation channel 2-3 interval four temperature sensor 2-15 are housed, four humidity sensor 2-14 with are connected a temperature sensor 2-15 and are connected with control cabinet by wire, to realize the control to temperature and humidity in the casing.The first heat dissipation channel 2-7 is communicated with by the gas outlet of 5 ones of tracheae and air heat exchangers, and the second heat dissipation channel 2-3 is communicated with by the gas outlet of tracheae with air heat exchanger 5 bottoms; Nine blast pipe 2-2 are communicated with by the air inlet of tracheae with air heat exchanger 5 bottoms, are provided with exhaust apparatus between nine blast pipe 2-2 and air heat exchanger 5; Exhaust apparatus 3 comprises the exhaust outlet 3-6 that is located on the tracheae, by rotating shaft 3-1 dodge gate 3-4 is housed on exhaust outlet 3-6, and rotating shaft 3-1 is contained on the support of tracheae both sides by bearing block; The end of rotating shaft 3-1 is equipped with gear 3-5, by being connected with cylinder 3-2 with tooth bar 3-3 that gear 3-5 is connected with a joggle, cylinder 3-2 is connected with air accumulator by magnetic valve, magnetic valve is connected with control cabinet by wire, temperature in casing, humidity surpass setting value, and control cabinet makes cylinder 3-2 regulate the open and close of dodge gate 3-4 by rack-and-pinion transmission drive shaft 3-1 by solenoid control; Cylinder 3-2 connects by support welding on the support of tracheae one side, as shown in Figures 2 and 3.
During work, the Material feeding trolley 4-12 that the workman will be equipped with veneer is pushed into suction disc case 4-2 below, the suction disc case is inhaled and is put to travelling car 4-11 after 4-2 picks up a veneer by cylinder 4-6 driving, delivered on the material-handling rod 2-5 of the ring chain on the driven sprocket 2-6 by travelling car 4-11 again, cooperate the intermittent duty of the ring chain that is welded with many material-handling rod 2-5 that is driven by ratchet device to realize automatic feed; The veneer of finishing baking is got final product by the drawing mechanism self-emptying, has alleviated workman's labour intensity, has improved productivity ratio.

Claims (9)

1. veneer drying equipment, comprise the casing (2) and the air heat exchanger (5) that are provided with charging aperture (2a) and discharging opening (2b), the top of described casing (2) is provided with a plurality of blast pipes (2-2), it is characterized in that: charging aperture (2a) side of described casing (2) is provided with feed arrangement (4), discharging opening (2b) side of described casing (2) is provided with drawing mechanism (1), is provided with conveying device between the two;
Described conveying device comprise drive sprocket set (2-1) and the driven chain wheels (2-6) that are located on the described casing (2) and be looped around described drive sprocket set (2-1) and described driven chain wheels (2-6) on ring chain, be arranged at intervals with many material-handling rods (2-5) on the described ring chain; Described drive sprocket set (2-1) is connected with the first power cylinder by ratchet device;
Described ring chain ascender divide and descender between be provided with dividing plate (2-13), described dividing plate (2-13) encloses a baking channel with the upper space in the described casing (2); The top of described baking channel is provided with the first heat dissipation channel (2-7), the bottom of described dividing plate (2-13) is provided with the second heat dissipation channel (2-3), is distributed with the louvre of the described baking channel of a plurality of connections at the top board (2-12) of the base plate (2-11) of described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7) and described the second heat dissipation channel (2-3); Described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7) and described the second heat dissipation channel (2-3) are communicated with by the gas outlet of tracheae with described air heat exchanger (5) respectively, a plurality of described blast pipes (2-2) are communicated with by the air inlet of tracheae with described air heat exchanger (5), are provided with exhaust apparatus (3) between a plurality of described blast pipes (2-2) and described air heat exchanger (5).
2. veneer drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed arrangement (4) comprises by guide rod (4-5) and is contained in suction disc case (4-2) on the frame (4-1), described suction disc case (4-2) is connected with the second power cylinder that drives its lifting, and described suction disc case (4-2) is provided with first travel switch (4-16) of its lifting of control; Described suction disc case (4-2) below is provided with Material feeding trolley (4-12), be provided with travelling car (4-11) between described Material feeding trolley (4-12) and the described suction disc case (4-2), described travelling car (4-11) is contained on the described frame (4-1) by slide rail (4-3), and described travelling car (4-11) is connected with the 3rd power cylinder that drives its walking; Described frame (4-1) is provided with second travel switch (4-17) of the described travelling car of control (4-11) walking.
3. veneer drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described drawing mechanism (1) comprises by slide rail (1-3) and is contained in clamping device on the frame (1-1), and described frame (1-1) is provided with the third trip switch (1-17) that the described clamping device of control moves; Described clamping device comprises the material folding seat that is connected with the 4th power cylinder, described material folding seat is provided with two material folding base plates (1-9) that be arranged in parallel and gripper shoe (1-7), between described material folding base plate (1-9) and described gripper shoe (1-7), be provided with material folding plate (1-8), described material folding plate (1-8) is connected with the 5th power cylinder that drives its lifting, and described the 5th power cylinder is fixed on the described gripper shoe (1-7); Described clamping device below is provided with out trolley (1-14).
4. veneer drying equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described exhaust apparatus (3) comprises the exhaust outlet (3-6) that is located on the tracheae, at described exhaust outlet (3-6) dodge gate (3-4) is housed, described dodge gate (3-4) is connected with the 6th power cylinder of regulating its open and close.
5. veneer drying equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the guider (2-8) and the temperature control spray header (2-9) that are provided with described material-handling rod (2-5) in the bottom of described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7).
6. according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described veneer drying equipment, it is characterized in that: described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7) is divided into a plurality of split channels to the inner space by polylith flow distribution plate (2-10) along air flow direction; Be arranged at intervals with the deflection plate (2-4) of polylith at the described top board (2-12) of described the second heat dissipation channel (2-3).
7. veneer drying equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the base plate plate face of described suction disc case (4-2) is provided with a plurality of air entries, be provided with the tracheae (4-7) that is communicated with the first blower fan (3-7) in described suction disc case (4-2) top, described tracheae (4-7) is provided with the movable gate (4-8) of control described suction disc case (4-2) tolerance, and described movable gate (4-8) is connected with the 7th power cylinder; Described the first blower fan (3-7) is communicated with air heat exchanger (5) air inlet by tracheae.
8. it is characterized in that according to claim 1 and 2 or 3 or 4 or 5 described veneer drying equipment: a plurality of louvres on the described base plate (2-11) of described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7) are distributed in the side near described casing (2) discharging opening (2b); The width (b) of described top board (2-12) is less than the length (L) of veneer; The described deflection plate of polylith (2-4) on the described top board (2-12) towards vertical with air flow direction, the height of described deflection plate (2-4) is successively to discharging opening (2b) direction from charging aperture (2a) and successively decreases, the height (h) of first described deflection plate (2-4) of nearly described charging aperture (2a) side be described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7) highly (H) 1/2; The spacing that described deflection plate (2-4) distributes at described base plate (2-11) is successively from the middle part to both sides successively decreases.
9. veneer drying equipment according to claim 6 is characterized in that: a plurality of louvres on the described base plate (2-11) of described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7) are distributed in the side near described casing (2) discharging opening (2b); The width (b) of described top board (2-12) is less than the length (L) of veneer; The described deflection plate of polylith (2-4) on the described top board (2-12) towards vertical with air flow direction, the height of described deflection plate (2-4) is successively to discharging opening (2b) direction from charging aperture (2a) and successively decreases, the height (h) of the described deflection plate (2-4) of nearly described charging aperture (2a) side be described the first heat dissipation channel (2-7) highly (H) 1/2; The spacing that described deflection plate (2-4) distributes at described base plate (2-11) is successively from the middle part to both sides successively decreases.
CN201310275598.0A 2013-07-03 2013-07-03 Veneer drying unit Expired - Fee Related CN103322778B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310275598.0A CN103322778B (en) 2013-07-03 2013-07-03 Veneer drying unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310275598.0A CN103322778B (en) 2013-07-03 2013-07-03 Veneer drying unit

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103322778A true CN103322778A (en) 2013-09-25
CN103322778B CN103322778B (en) 2015-07-22

Family

ID=49191687

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310275598.0A Expired - Fee Related CN103322778B (en) 2013-07-03 2013-07-03 Veneer drying unit

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103322778B (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103697670A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-04-02 新源动力股份有限公司 Vertical continuous oven for membrane electrode part of fuel cell
CN104180628A (en) * 2014-09-18 2014-12-03 李学淑 High-efficiency and energy-saving single-plate dryer
CN107726766A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-02-23 湖南桑仁行农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of tea processing drying frame
CN113003110A (en) * 2021-02-07 2021-06-22 深圳市科远机电有限公司 Continuous rotary drying machine equipment for wood veneers

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4378640A (en) * 1981-03-02 1983-04-05 Adolf Buchholz Fluid flow deflector apparatus and sheet dryer employing same
US6108942A (en) * 1998-07-20 2000-08-29 Fezer S.A. Industrias Mecanicas Opposed belt drying apparatus for sliced wood veneers
CN202109737U (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-01-11 李祥文 Veneer dryer
CN202853295U (en) * 2012-09-03 2013-04-03 上海黎众木业有限公司 Multilayer successive type veneer dryer
CN202902784U (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-04-24 浦北县建业胶合板有限责任公司 Drying device
CN203518476U (en) * 2013-07-03 2014-04-02 袁安 Veneer drying equipment

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4378640A (en) * 1981-03-02 1983-04-05 Adolf Buchholz Fluid flow deflector apparatus and sheet dryer employing same
US6108942A (en) * 1998-07-20 2000-08-29 Fezer S.A. Industrias Mecanicas Opposed belt drying apparatus for sliced wood veneers
CN202109737U (en) * 2011-05-19 2012-01-11 李祥文 Veneer dryer
CN202853295U (en) * 2012-09-03 2013-04-03 上海黎众木业有限公司 Multilayer successive type veneer dryer
CN202902784U (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-04-24 浦北县建业胶合板有限责任公司 Drying device
CN203518476U (en) * 2013-07-03 2014-04-02 袁安 Veneer drying equipment

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103697670A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-04-02 新源动力股份有限公司 Vertical continuous oven for membrane electrode part of fuel cell
CN103697670B (en) * 2013-12-10 2015-09-23 新源动力股份有限公司 The vertical continuous baking oven of membrane electrode part of fuel cell
CN104180628A (en) * 2014-09-18 2014-12-03 李学淑 High-efficiency and energy-saving single-plate dryer
CN104180628B (en) * 2014-09-18 2015-12-30 李学淑 A kind of energy-efficient veneer drying unit
CN107726766A (en) * 2017-12-11 2018-02-23 湖南桑仁行农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of tea processing drying frame
CN107726766B (en) * 2017-12-11 2019-07-12 湖南桑仁行农业科技股份有限公司 A kind of tea processing drying frame
CN113003110A (en) * 2021-02-07 2021-06-22 深圳市科远机电有限公司 Continuous rotary drying machine equipment for wood veneers

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103322778B (en) 2015-07-22

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103322778B (en) Veneer drying unit
CN203518476U (en) Veneer drying equipment
CN102648731B (en) Chrysanthemum steam green-removing machine
CN204122395U (en) Medicinal material continuous wash dryer
CN203518475U (en) Drying oven
CN201881467U (en) Kiln type maintaining and drying equipment for light wall plates and building blocks
CN201653076U (en) Intermittent wood veneer dryer
CN202968814U (en) Impurity-clearing seed cotton dryer
CN202429626U (en) Transmission device for vegetable water extractor
CN106907914B (en) Multi-layer flat-turning circulating grain dryer
CN202902783U (en) Double helix circulating laminating drying device
CN203040604U (en) Automatic sweet potato vermicelli drying system
CN202050875U (en) Novel quick drying device for edible fungus
CN104896880B (en) Ecologic plate oven and operation method thereof
CN105627712B (en) A kind of system that can simultaneously heat and dry during sheet material conveying
CN203555253U (en) Multichannel shoemaking drying device
CN204006985U (en) A kind of solar energy/air energy drying machine
CN203762427U (en) Energy-saving type shoe upper and shoe tree drying machine
CN209202025U (en) A kind of device of rapid evaporation Measuring Moisture Content of Tea
CN203105490U (en) High-efficiency teal leaf drying machine
CN204939526U (en) The continuous beat heat treatment furnace of a kind of material box
CN203572166U (en) Vertical rotation type drying system
CN108914700A (en) The process of eliminating stress and equipment of paper products
CN102601028A (en) Drying tank and coating machine comprising same
CN105002329B (en) A kind of material box continuous beat heat-treatment furnace and its technique

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150722

Termination date: 20170703