CN103321742A - Four-stroke opposed engine - Google Patents

Four-stroke opposed engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103321742A
CN103321742A CN 201210072447 CN201210072447A CN103321742A CN 103321742 A CN103321742 A CN 103321742A CN 201210072447 CN201210072447 CN 201210072447 CN 201210072447 A CN201210072447 A CN 201210072447A CN 103321742 A CN103321742 A CN 103321742A
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CN
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
opposed
straight line
stroke
mounted
engine
Prior art date
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CN 201210072447
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钟守军
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钟守军
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Abstract

The invention provides a four-stroke opposed engine. Two round slide blocks (6) are mounted on the middle straight line of the four-stroke opposed engine in an opposed manner; guide rails (4) are mounted on the upper tip circles and the lower tip circles of bearings (8); connecting rods (10) are fixed with a frame body (7) through cylindrical pins (9), and are fixed with pistons (1) through piston pins (2); the two pistons (1) are mounted on the middle straight line of the four-stroke opposed engine in an opposed manner, so that the opposed pistons (1) are on the same straight line; the connecting rods (10) are mounted on the middle straight line of the four-stroke opposed engine in an opposed manner, so that the opposed connecting rods (10) are on the same straight line. The four-stroke opposed engine works on the same straight line by taking the main shaft diameter of a crank shaft as a unit in an opposed manner, and the opposed pistons are on the same straight line, so that the linear transmission moment is large, and the power consumption of stroke conversion is low.

Description

一种四冲程对置发动机 A four-stroke engine opposed

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及发动机领域,尤其涉及一种四冲程对置发动机。 [0001] The present invention relates to an engine, and in particular relates to a four-stroke, opposed engine.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 现有技术四冲程发动机由于连杆和活塞是曲线运动,所以发动机做功时连杆和汽缸套之间会产生剪切力,消耗做功产生的力,且对发动机部件产生损伤。 [0002] Since the prior art four-stroke engine and piston rod are curved motion, so when the engine is generated between the rod and the work cylinder liner shear force acting force generated by consumption, and cause damage to the engine components.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的是提供一种四冲程对置发动机,可以减少发动机做功时连杆和汽缸套之间的剪切力。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide an opposed pair of four-stroke engine, can reduce shear forces between the rod and the cylinder liner of the engine work.

[0004] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明提供的四冲程对置发动机是这样实现的: [0004] To solve the above problems, the present invention provides a four-stroke engine is opposed implemented:

[0005] 一种四冲程对置发动机,在所述四冲程对置发动机的中部直线上对置安装有两个圆滑块6 ;导轨4安装在所述轴承8的上顶圆和下顶圆处,连杆10与所述框体7由圆柱销9固定,所述连杆10与活塞I由活塞销2固定;所述活塞I在所述四冲程对置发动机中部直线上对置安装有两个,所述对置的活塞I在一条直线上;所述连杆10在所述四冲程对置发动机中部直线上对置安装有两个,所述对置的连杆10在一条直线上。 [0005] A four-stroke engine is opposed, in the middle of the four-stroke straight opposed engines are mounted two opposed slider 6; the guide rail 4 is mounted on the top of the circle on top of the bearing 8 and the lower circle , the connecting rod 10 is fixed to the housing 7 by a cylindrical pin 9, and the piston rod 10 of the piston 2 by a fixing pin I; I opposite the piston is mounted on the middle of the four-stroke engine has two opposed linear one of the opposed pistons in a straight line I; the connecting rod 10 is attached to two opposing on the four-stroke engine of the central straight opposed, facing the link 10 in a straight line.

[0006] 可选的,所述框体7与轴承8过盈配合装配,所述框体7的外圆与所述轴承8、所述连杆10和所述活塞I作X坐标的直线运动;所述圆滑块6的内圆围绕所述曲轴5的连杆轴径转动,所述圆滑块6的外圆在所述框体7长方孔内作Y坐标的直线运动。 [0006] Alternatively, the housing 7 and the bearing assembly 8 an interference fit, the outer housing 7 and the bearing 8, and the piston rod 10 of the linear movement I of the X-coordinate ; linear motion of the slider 6 of the inner circle around the crankshaft axis diameter rod 5 is rotated, the slider 6 in the cylindrical bore of the rectangular frame body 7 for the Y coordinate.

[0007] 本发明提供的四冲程对置发动机,以曲轴主轴径为单元在一条直线上对置做功,对置的活塞在一条直线上,直线传动力矩大、冲程转换功耗少。 [0007] The present invention provides a four-stroke engine opposed to diameter of the crankshaft main unit opposed to a straight line work, opposed pistons in a straight line, the linear transmission torque, less power stroke conversion. 发动机可以相对于曲轴转角。 With respect to the engine crank angle.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 图1是本发明提供的四冲程对置发动机的剖视图。 [0008] FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a boxer engine four stroke provided by the invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0009] 为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。 [0009] To make the objectives, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent hereinafter in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described in detail. 应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。 It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0010] 如图1所示,一种四冲程对置发动机,在四冲程对置发动机的中部直线上对置安装有两个圆滑块6 ;导轨4安装在轴承8的上顶圆和下顶圆处,连杆10与框体7由圆柱销9固定,连杆10与活塞I由活塞销2固定;活塞I在四冲程对置发动机中部直线上对置安装有两个,对置的活塞I在一条直线上;连杆10在四冲程对置发动机中部直线上对置安装有两个,对置的连杆10在一条直线上。 [0010] As shown, for a four-opposed engines, four-stroke in the middle of the straight line opposing boxer engine mounted two slider 61; 4 mounted on the top rail and the circular top of the lower bearing 8 round, the rod 10 and the frame 7 is fixed by a cylindrical pin 9, and the piston rod 10 of the piston 2 by a fixing pin I; I piston in the middle of the four-stroke engine opposed straight mounted two opposed pistons of the opposed I in a straight line; the connecting rod 10 in the middle of a four-stroke engine opposed straight mounted two opposed, on the opposite connecting rod 10 in a straight line.

[0011] 其中,框体7与轴承8过盈配合装配,框体7的外圆与轴承8、连杆10和活塞I作X坐标的直线运动;圆滑块6的内圆围绕曲轴5的连杆轴径转动,圆滑块6的外圆在框体7长方孔内作Y坐标的直线运动。 [0011] wherein the bearing housing 7 and the interference fit assembly 8, the housing 7 and the outer bearings 8, and the piston rod 10 for linear movement I of the X coordinate; inner circle slider 6 attached around the crankshaft 5 shaft diameter rod is rotated, the slider 7 rectangular cylindrical bore 6 in the housing for linear movement of the Y-coordinate.

[0012] 本发明提供的四冲程对置发动机,以曲轴主轴径为单元在一条直线上对置做功,对置的活塞在一条直线上,直线传动力矩大、冲程转换功耗少。 [0012] The present invention provides a four-stroke engine opposed to diameter of the crankshaft main unit opposed to a straight line work, opposed pistons in a straight line, the linear transmission torque, less power stroke conversion. 发动机可以相对于曲轴转角,例如四冲程四缸90度,四冲程八缸45度。 With respect to the engine crank angle, 90 degrees for example a four-stroke four-cylinder, four-cycle eight-cylinder 45 degrees.

[0013] 本发明提供的四冲程对置发动机,以曲轴主轴径为单元,两端活塞直线对置所以形成了,左边四冲程工作状态是“进、压、爆、排”;右边四冲程工作状态是“压、爆、排、进”。 [0013] The present invention provides a four-stroke engine is opposed to the diameter of the crankshaft main unit, so that opposite ends of the piston is formed of a straight line, the left side of the four-stroke working state "into, pressure, blasting, row"; four-stroke working the right state "pressure, explosion, exhaust, intake." 做功时框架轴承由上、下导轨限制它的自由度,使其只能沿着导轨直线运动。 By the upper bearing frame, the lower rail limit its freedom in work, so that only linear movement along the guide rail. 相对于传统发动机大大减少了连杆对汽缸套的剪切力。 With respect to the conventional engine greatly reduced shear forces on the connecting rod of the cylinder liner. 使整个过程“行平稳、剪切小、震动轻、扭矩大”。 So that the whole process of "smooth line, cut small, light vibration, high torque."

[0014] 以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0014] The foregoing is only preferred embodiments of the present invention but are not intended to limit the present invention, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included in the present within the scope of the invention.

Claims (2)

  1. 1.一种四冲程对置发动机,其特征在于,在所述四冲程对置发动机的中部直线上对置安装有两个圆滑块(6);导轨⑷安装在所述轴承⑶的上顶圆和下顶圆处,连杆(10)与所述框体⑵由圆柱销(9)固定,所述连杆(10)与活塞(1)由活塞销(2)固定;所述活塞(I)在所述四冲程对置发动机中部直线上对置安装有两个,所述对置的活塞(I)在一条直线上;所述连杆(10)在所述四冲程对置发动机中部直线上对置安装有两个,所述对置的连杆(10)在一条直线上。 A four-stroke engine opposed, characterized in that, in the middle of the four-stroke straight opposed engines are mounted two opposed slider (6); ⑷ guide rail mounted on the top of the circle of the bearing ⑶ and circular top of the lower connecting rod (10) and the housing ⑵ a cylindrical pin (9) is fixed, said rod (10) and the piston (1) by a piston pin (2) is fixed; the piston (I ) in the middle of the four-stroke engine opposed straight mounted two opposed, the opposed pistons (I) in a straight line; said rod (10) opposite the four-stroke engine in the middle of a straight line two are mounted on the counter, the counter link (10) on a straight line.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的四冲程对置发动机,其特征在于,所述框体(7)与轴承(8)过盈配合装配,所述框体(7)的外圆与所述轴承(8)、所述连杆(10)和所述活塞(I)作X坐标的直线运动;所述圆滑块¢)的内圆围绕所述曲轴(5)的连杆轴径转动,所述圆滑块(6)的外圆在所述框体(7)长方孔内作Y坐标的直线运动。 The four-stroke engine according opposed claimed in claim 1, wherein said outer housing (7) and the bearing (8) an interference fit assembly, the frame (7) and the bearing (8), said rod (10) and the piston (I) for linear movement of the X-coordinate; ¢ the slider) in circle around the crankshaft (5) rotates the link shaft diameter, the the slider (6) in the outer circle (7) of the housing bore of rectangular linear movement of the Y coordinate.
CN 201210072447 2012-03-20 2012-03-20 Four-stroke opposed engine CN103321742A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1995013459A2 (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-05-18 Brackett Douglas C Lubrication system for a conjugate drive mechanism
CN1174590A (en) * 1994-12-18 1998-02-25 戈特弗里德·勒斯勒 Tw0o-stroke internal combustion engine
CN1232138A (en) * 1999-04-12 1999-10-20 苏介基 Multi-cylinder engine
WO2002027143A1 (en) * 1999-03-26 2002-04-04 Reinhold Ficht Motion converter and method for lubricating its sliding surfaces
US20040255880A1 (en) * 2003-02-20 2004-12-23 Kim Young Hwan Linear motion engine
US20090013681A1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-01-15 Courtright Geoffrey B Energized Fluid Motor and Components

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1995013459A2 (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-05-18 Brackett Douglas C Lubrication system for a conjugate drive mechanism
CN1174590A (en) * 1994-12-18 1998-02-25 戈特弗里德·勒斯勒 Tw0o-stroke internal combustion engine
WO2002027143A1 (en) * 1999-03-26 2002-04-04 Reinhold Ficht Motion converter and method for lubricating its sliding surfaces
CN1232138A (en) * 1999-04-12 1999-10-20 苏介基 Multi-cylinder engine
US20040255880A1 (en) * 2003-02-20 2004-12-23 Kim Young Hwan Linear motion engine
US20090013681A1 (en) * 2007-07-12 2009-01-15 Courtright Geoffrey B Energized Fluid Motor and Components

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