CN103321464B - Parking system and method for taking vehicle - Google Patents

Parking system and method for taking vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103321464B
CN103321464B CN201310245333.6A CN201310245333A CN103321464B CN 103321464 B CN103321464 B CN 103321464B CN 201310245333 A CN201310245333 A CN 201310245333A CN 103321464 B CN103321464 B CN 103321464B
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China
Prior art keywords
loaded plate
wheel
sprocket
shutdown
drive
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CN201310245333.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103321464A (en
Inventor
梁代平
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Nanhai District Foshan City Ai Manting Machinery Co Ltd
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Nanhai District Foshan City Ai Manting Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310245333.6A priority Critical patent/CN103321464B/en
Publication of CN103321464A publication Critical patent/CN103321464A/en
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Publication of CN103321464B publication Critical patent/CN103321464B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a parking system. The parking system comprises a bearing plate and a power head device, wherein multiple wheels are arranged at the lower side of the bearing plate; the power head device which is used for driving the bearing plate to move comprises a base, a swinging block, a driving motor and a control motor; the base is fixed on a floor; the swinging block is arranged on the base and is rotationally connected to the base; the driving motor and the control motor are fixed on the swinging block; the control motor is used for locking or releasing relative displacement of both the bearing plate and the driving motor; when the control motor releases the bearing plate, the driving motor drives the bearing plate to do translational motion, with respect to the driving motor per se; when the control motor locks the bearing plate, the driving motor drives the bearing plate to rotate around a rotating shaft line at a joint of the swinging block and the base, and the swinging block rotates synchronously along with the bearing plate. The invention also discloses a method for taking a vehicle.

Description

A kind of shutdown system and take the method for vehicle
Technical field
The invention belongs to mechanical parking equipment technical field, be specifically related to a kind of shutdown system and take the method for vehicle.
Background technology
In the association area of car-parking model, traditional Parking lot mode, has planned parking space in advance on the ground, and vehicle, according to the instruction on parking space, directly drives the process that can complete parking within parking space into.This traditional parking management mode, has conveniently, the benefit that simple, cost is extremely low, but it needs larger parking space and wider passageway, to meet the space requirement that vehicle completes docking process.
For the metropolis of an inch of land is an inch of gold, parking difficulty has been perplex the problem of numerous car owners' headache, city also reaches a limit for public place parking management ability, and in more and more less space, how to meet the parking demand of more and more vehicle, be the problem that people are more and more concerned about.This demand had both been embodied in crowded public parking place, was also embodied on narrow and small individual garage parking.
For these problems, more existing settling modes utilize outside parking apparatus, as loaded plate etc., vehicle (mainly kart class) is done to the action of " carrying ", by the carrying of these parking apparatus, activity space required before having saved vehicle parking; Thus can parking space be designed less, more crypto set, can also obtain less by the width design in passageway, thus adds the capacity of unit area parking; Further, utilize parking apparatus, the effect of solid parking can be realized, namely double-deck, three layers ... Multilayer parking.
As frame simple lifting class mechanical type parking apparatus, this equipment is generally applicable to the parking space of two to three layers, parks 1 dolly for every layer.This structure is simple and clear, and moving component is few, and the mechanical structure portion cost of equipment is not high, easy to use.But this parking apparatus must construct huge melt pit, construction cost is high and can not change position, all should not adopt in the occasion can not building melt pit.
As guide pillar simple lifting class mechanical type parking apparatus, this equipment is only suitable for two-layer parking space, parks 1 car for every layer.Structure is simple and clear, and the mechanical structure portion cost of equipment is not high, but use convenient not.Because when there is a car on the parking space of first floor (ground), the dolly access of the second layer is restricted.Because cost is lower, for the simple lifting garage parking of two column, can combinationally use with horizontal carrier of the present invention, play the advantage of its cost.But needing enough garage height when indoor use, is also one of them factor limiting this product.
As the simple lifting class mechanical type parking apparatus that tilts, this equipment is only suitable for two-layer parking space, parks 1 car for every layer.It is minimum that maximum advantage is that bilayer parks the height of dolly, and structure is simple and clear, and the mechanical structure portion cost of equipment is not high, but use convenient not.Because when there is a car on the parking space of first floor (ground), the dolly access of the second layer is restricted.Highly minimum owing to parking, can combinationally use with horizontal carrier of the present invention, play its little advantage that takes up room, very favourable to combination popularization horizontal carrier (loaded plate) of the present invention.
Rise simple lifting class mechanical type parking apparatus as put, this equipment is only suitable for two-layer parking space, parks 1 car for every layer.Structure is simple and clear, and the dolly access of the second layer is not by the restriction that first floor has car to deposit, and the mechanical structure portion cost of equipment is medium, but is only suitable for the larger occasion of longitudinal length.Because the dolly access of the second layer, lift platform must take the length of many chassis, adds that dolly passes in and out the turning radius of this platform, and total place length is just larger.
As shifted simple lifting class mechanical type parking apparatus, this equipment is only suitable for two-layer parking space, parks 1 car for every layer.The dolly access of the second layer is not by the restriction that first floor has car to deposit, and operational mode is comparatively reasonable, is also applicable to the enough parkings of most of height and channel environment.Structure understands, but the stress condition of bearing structure is undesirable, causes the huge of bearing structure and foundation of civil work.Therefore the frame for movement of equipment and installation cost higher, engineering quantity is large, consumes material many, is unfavorable for environmental protection.Needing enough garage height when indoor use in addition, is also the factor limiting this product.
As simple and easy translation class mechanical type parking apparatus, this equipment is only suitable for the garage parking of individual layer, n platform dolly can be parked by self-propelled solid matter in a row ground in the inner part, a row ground of (passage) is installed translation rail and every chassis and is arranged a vehicle-containing in the outer part, and this row can park (n-1) platform dolly by solid matter.This structure is simple and clear, and the mechanical structure portion cost of equipment is not high, easy to use.This mode is for small-sized garage parking utilization of area rate or not high enough.
Above-mentioned various simple lifting or translation class mechanical type parking apparatus, have separately significantly limitation, as a kind of basic product having widespread demand, should towards low cost, and easy to use, the future development that space availability ratio is high and adaptable.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is the problem solving intensive parking in prior art, thus provides a kind of new shutdown system and take the method for vehicle.
For realizing one of technical scheme that the object of the invention adopts: a kind of shutdown system, comprise loaded plate and power head device, some wheels are provided with on the downside of described loaded plate, described power head device moves for driving loaded plate, wherein: described loaded plate is provided with the first sprocket wheel along the front end of moving direction, rear end is provided with the second sprocket wheel, is connected between the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel by closed chain drive; Loaded plate between described first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel is also provided with by movable sprocket, is connected with described chain drive by movable sprocket; Loaded plate is also provided with rotating shaft, and this rotating shaft is connected with described passive chain gear transmission, and rotating shaft is provided with wheel described at least one; Described power head device comprises base, swinging block, drive motors and control motor, and base is fixed on floor, and swinging block to be located on base and to be connected with base rotation, drive motors and control motor and be fixed on swinging block; Also comprise drive sprocket, drive sprocket is installed on the output shaft of drive motors, and is connected with described chain drive; Drive motors by this drive sprocket chain drive-belt transmission, thus drives loaded plate motion; Control motor for locking or the relative displacement of releasing bearing plate and drive motors; When controlling motor releasing bearing plate, drive motors driving loaded plate does the translational motion relative to drive motors itself; When controlling motor-locking loaded plate, drive motors drives the shaft axis of loaded plate around swinging block and base junction to rotate, and swinging block does synchronous rotation with loaded plate.
The loaded plate of shutdown system of the present invention, for carrying and " carrying " object, loaded plate has wheel, and under the driving of chain drive structure, wheel is driven, thus drives loaded plate motion further.In this programme, power head device is fixed on floor, and the drive sprocket in this programme is connected on its power output shaft, and thus drive sprocket can not produce relative movement relative to this driving arrangement.Driving arrangement drives drive sprocket to rotate, and drive sprocket drives chain, and chain-driving first sprocket wheel, the second sprocket wheel and by movable sprocket, driven axis of rotation by movable sprocket, and rotating shaft drives wheel turns, and the rotation of wheel can drive the movement of loaded plate entirety.Because drive sprocket is provided on the power head device of peripheral hardware, thus drive sprocket can not move with loaded plate, visible when loaded plate moves, can produce relative movement along the direction of loaded plate movement between drive sprocket with loaded plate, drive sprocket can not depart from the scope of chain simultaneously; For this reason, be located at the first sprocket wheel of loaded plate front and back ends and the second sprocket wheel respectively by the front and back end of chain layout to loaded plate, make drive sprocket have longer mobile space relative to loaded plate.
The wheel of loaded plate of the present invention comprises deflecting roller, and under the driving of the dynamical systems such as motor, wheel is driven, thus drives loaded plate motion further.Loaded plate is also provided with deflecting roller, for solving the problem that loaded plate turns to.Deflecting roller is rotationally connected with loaded plate, and deflecting roller is also provided with steering linkage member, and for being connected with drives structure, drive steering linkage member, steering linkage member drives deflecting roller around steering axes again.After deflecting roller changes direction, when loaded plate continues to move ahead by driving, then can rotate along the direction changed.
Traditional loaded plate, usually by driving arrangement, as motor etc. is located on loaded plate, this mode has shortcoming, and oil consumption engine noise is large, and its power supply of the motor of electric power selects defectiveness, as high in independent current source cost, the bad wiring of external power supply.Chain drive structure of the present invention, is arranged on loaded plate, utilizes external motor to drive, and cloth is good outside in wiring, and loaded plate itself does not need wiring and installs complex motor equipment, and thus its cost and reliability facilitate tool to have great advantage.
The power head device of shutdown system of the present invention, base, by screw etc., is easily installed on floor, and swinging block and the drive motors, control motor etc. be located on swinging block, can rotate with swinging block; The output shaft of drive motors is connected with the drive mechanism of loaded plate, and drive the wheel turns of loaded plate, under the driving of wheel, loaded plate can move in parallel, and unit head drive unit is fixed on ground simultaneously, can not move with loaded plate.When loaded plate moves relative to drive motors time, swinging block can not rotate, when loaded plate moves to desired location, control Electric Machine Control locking loaded plate, stop the relative movement of loaded plate and unit head drive unit, now, drive motors works on, the wheel of loaded plate is rotated further, loaded plate under the driving of wheel, around the pivot axis of swinging block and base together with swinging block.In time turning to set angle, such as 90 degree, control the locking of motor releasing to loaded plate, make loaded plate continue translation relative to unit head drive unit.Move to the position of setting, initiatively motor quits work always.
Preferably, also comprise the first latch, drive with the output shaft controlling motor and be connected; Also comprise the first retaining structure, be located on loaded plate; Described control motor drives the first latch insert or exit the first retaining structure, thus locks loaded plate or discharge.
This improvement project is as the preferred scheme of one, provide a kind of for locking or the structure of releasing bearing plate and drive motors relative displacement, but the structure for temporarily locking two devices in other prior aries also can be applicable to the present invention, as latch, screens, fixture block, hook pawl, clamping, electromagnetic locking etc., under regard to locking swinging block rotate scheme also in like manner.
Preferably, also comprise the second latch, drive with the output shaft controlling motor and be connected; Also comprise the second retaining structure, be located on base; Described control motor drives the second latch insert or exit the second retaining structure, from locking or discharging the rotation of described swinging block relative to base; The insertion of described second latch and to exit action with the first latch be relation contrary each other.
This preferred version is by the combination of latch and retaining structure, and what realize rotating swinging block is locked in release.
Preferably, described swinging block is also provided with guide rod, and guide rod is provided with guide wheel; Direction along front and back ends on described loaded plate is provided with guide rail, and this guide rail coordinates with described guide rod and guide wheel, for guiding the motion track of loaded plate.
Preferably, guide rod two ends are located at by described guide wheel; Described guide rod is located on swinging block by slip ear seat, the relation for being slidably connected between guide rod and slip ear seat.The setting be slidably connected, when frame rail move to wherein one end time, guide rod slides into the end relative to slip ear seat, is conducive to saving the effective length of frame rail.
Preferably, include deflecting roller in described some wheels, deflecting roller comprises the wheel shaft of wheel body and support wheel body, and wheel shaft is arranged in the horizontal direction; Also comprise the steering spindle perpendicular to wheel shaft, deflecting roller is rotationally connected by this steering spindle and loaded plate; Deflecting roller is also provided with steering linkage member, and steering linkage member is connected with drives structure, for driving deflecting roller around steering axes.
Preferably, when controlling motor-locking loaded plate, the axis of described rotating shaft passes the shaft axis of swinging block and base junction; One end near unit head in described rotating shaft is provided with support wheel, and the one end away from unit head is provided with power wheel; Support wheel and rotating shaft, for being rotationally connected, play a supportive role; Power wheel and rotating shaft, for being in transmission connection, play driving effect.
Preferably, described rotating shaft is L to the distance of loaded plate front end 1, total distance of loaded plate front and back ends is L, 1/2>=L 1/ L>=1/10.
Preferably, substitute described chain with Timing Belt, substitute described sprocket wheel with synchronous pulley; Or, substitute described chain with wire rope, substitute described sprocket wheel with rope sheave.
Preferably, also comprise the controller for controlling loaded plate motion, this controller is button box, keypad or hand-held remote controller.
Other preferred versions have:
Preferably, comprise controller, and comprise power switch, scram button, enter button and exit button.Shift knob can be connected with controller, also can discretely arrange, and can be wired cable or wireless remote control with the connection of controller.
Preferably, there is induction boss upper rack front end; Also comprise travel switch, be arranged on upper rack when inserting forward the end, induction boss can make travel switch produce the position of signal.When control electric motor starting, when making upper rack insert forward pendulum ear completely, induction boss touches the trip switch, and controller sends signal, controls motor power-off, and upper rack keeps the state inserting pendulum ear.
Preferably, described loaded plate is provided with some stroke tablets along the side of moving direction.Stroke tablet can be used to the shift position state detecting loaded plate, arranges stroke tablet for different positions, when loaded plate moves to correspondence position, changes mobile status, such as starts, stops, suspending, and the switching etc. of translation and rotation.
Preferably, the output shaft of described drive motors is provided with drive sprocket, and for driving the chain on loaded plate, the both sides of drive sprocket are provided with reverse wheel; Drive motors, towards on the side of loaded plate, is also provided with some travel switches.
The output shaft of drive motors by drive sprocket by power transmission to chain, a reverse wheel is housed respectively in the both sides of drive sprocket, and the effect of reverse wheel increases chain to the cornerite of drive sprocket, improves the reliability of transmission, allow drive mechanism compacter simultaneously.Travel switch can be used for the shift position detecting loaded plate.
Preferably, travel switch is provided with multiple, and partial journey switch is for detecting ad-hoc location or the extreme position of the various motions of loaded plate, and partial journey switch is used for the extreme position of the forward and reverse swing of detection control motor.
Preferably, the retaining structure be located at described on base comprises the outer baffle block, the first bottom ear, middle link stopper, the second bottom ear and the internal stop that set gradually; Described first bottom ear and outer baffle block laid out in parallel, and be provided with the gap of inserting for the second latch each other; Described second bottom ear and internal stop laid out in parallel, and be provided with the gap of inserting for the second latch each other; First bottom ear is connected with base elastic rotation respectively with the second bottom ear; Middle block is located between the first bottom ear and the second bottom ear, for propping up the trend that the first bottom ear and the second bottom ear rotate because of elastic force; Described first bottom ear is vertical with the orientation of internal stop with the second bottom ear with the orientation of outer baffle block.
When swinging block direction swings wherein, and when distance limits position also has a bit of distance, the swing of swinging block can slow down or suspend, and the second latch opposing oscillatory block stretches out, and overcomes elastic force and promotes the first bottom ear swing, allow the second latch completely normally stretch out; Then swinging block continues to swing, and allows the second latch stretched out encounter outer baffle block and stopping of being obstructed; At this time the first bottom ear automatically resets under elastic force effect.Therefore form the effect that outer baffle block and the first bottom ear clamp the second latch jointly, significantly reduce the requirement of kinematic accuracy to swinging block or stroke detection precision, greatly improve the reliability of the second latch to swinging block twist-lock.
Preferably, described first sprocket wheel, the second sprocket wheel, chain, drive sprocket and be positioned at same transmission plane by movable sprocket; Described drive sprocket is limited in this transmission plane relative to the movement of loaded plate; Described rotating shaft is perpendicular to this transmission plane.
Preferably, described first sprocket wheel and/or described second sprocket wheel are located on described loaded plate by strainer; Described strainer comprises runner frame, tensioning frame and tensioning screw; Described runner frame is fixed on loaded plate, and runner frame is provided with chute; The wheel shaft of the first sprocket wheel or the second sprocket wheel through chute, and is connected with described tensioning frame, and tensioning frame regulates the relative position with runner frame by tensioning screw, and live axle is along slide.
By regulating strainer, the relative position between adjustable first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel, thus the elasticity of adjusting chain, this is all needs under many circumstances.
Preferably, described drive sprocket and the both sides by movable sprocket are provided with reverse wheel, and reverse wheel is for adjusting the direction of chain drive; Chain is along the direction transmission that reverse wheel leads, and adjustment chain is to drive sprocket with by the cornerite of movable sprocket.In order to ensure the reliability of sprocket wheel further in this programme, in order to increase the cornerite of chain to sprocket wheel.
Further, chain and the scope that is engaged of the sprocket wheel 1/3(i.e. cornerite of 120 ° that is at least sprocket wheel girth) more than.
Preferably, described loaded plate is provided with directive wheel, for adjusting the direction of chain drive near the side of the first sprocket wheel and/or the second sprocket wheel.The object of this programme is to make drive mechanism compacter, also prevents excessive sagging of bottom backhaul chain simultaneously.
Preferably, described rotating shaft is connected with described passive sprocket coaxiality.Rotating shaft is connected with passive sprocket coaxiality, and when being driven by movable sprocket, its power is directly delivered in rotating shaft.
Preferably, along the direction of front and back ends on described loaded plate, and near the side of drive sprocket, being provided with guiding device, for guiding loaded plate to move linearly, ensureing that drive sprocket drops in the transmission plane that closed chain surrounds all the time simultaneously.The object of this programme is the track ensureing loaded plate movement further, and the direction making loaded plate strictly install track is moved.
Preferably, when described loaded plate does divertical motion, rotate around a centration axis; The tie point of described steering linkage member and soft rope is driving radius R to the distance of steering spindle; Described deflecting roller has multiple, deflecting roller from centration axis distance more away from, R is larger for its driving radius.
This programme, through strict calculating checking, rotates around centration axis for the multiple deflecting rollers making far and near distance different are simultaneously accurate, needs the size of the driving radius rationally arranged when deflecting roller turns to.Simple a kind of scheme is, deflecting roller from centration axis distance more away from, R is larger for its driving radius.
Preferably, described steering linkage member is the structure of crank, and one end of crank is connected to middle part or the end of wheel shaft, and the crank other end connects described drives structure.The scheme of a kind of more excellent steering linkage member of this programme design.
Preferably, as the another kind of design scheme of deflecting roller transmission, the drives structure of described deflecting roller comprises motor, sprocket wheel, chain and wire rope; Described steering linkage member is connected with wire rope, and wire rope and chain head and the tail connect into be closed and the polygon of tensioning, and this polygonal Angle Position place is provided with pulley transition; Described sprocket wheel is located on the output shaft of motor, and is connected with chain drive.
Preferably, as the another kind of design scheme of deflecting roller transmission, the drives structure of described deflecting roller comprises motor, gear, tooth bar and connecting rod, and described steering linkage member is connected with link rotatable, and connecting rod is connected with racks turn; Described gear is located on the output shaft of motor, and connects in rack-driving.
For realizing the technical scheme two that the object of the invention adopts: a kind of method of taking vehicle, the angle in direction, described passageway and direction, parking space is β, 0 degree of < β≤90 degree, and the method comprises the following steps:
Step one, starts shutdown system, by loaded plate by the vehicle on loaded plate and be transported to passageway from parking space, place;
Step 2, sails on passageway by the vehicle on parking space, inner side along the direction on parking space, loaded plate place; Or, utilize elevating mechanism that the vehicle of upper-layer parking position is lowered to parking space, loaded plate place, and the vehicle fallen sailed on passageway.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the loaded plate of the embodiment of the present invention one shutdown system structural representation when exiting parking space completely
Fig. 2 is the loaded plate of the embodiment of the present invention one shutdown system moves to when rotating original position structural representation along passageway
Fig. 3 is the structural representation in the loaded plate fixed-axis rotation process of the embodiment of the present invention one shutdown system
Fig. 4 is the structural representation after the loaded plate fixed-axis rotation 90 degree of the embodiment of the present invention one shutdown system
Fig. 5 is the loaded plate of the embodiment of the present invention one shutdown system structural representation when moving to the end along parking space
Fig. 6 is the F-F cross section view of the embodiment of the present invention one medium power head unit when Fig. 1 position
Fig. 7 drives cross section view when being connected for power head device shown in Fig. 6 and loaded plate
The G-G cross section view that Fig. 8 is power head device shown in Fig. 6
The M-M cross section view that Fig. 9 is power head device shown in Fig. 6
The J-J echelon sectional view that Figure 10 is power head device shown in Fig. 6
Figure 11 is power head device shown in Figure 10 rotates counterclockwise structural representation to another location around centration axis
The K-K sectional view that Figure 12 is power head device shown in Fig. 6
The schematic diagram that Figure 13 rotates counterclockwise around centration axis for power head device shown in Figure 12
Figure 14 is the schematic diagram in the embodiment of the present invention one in first latch and the first retaining structure locking process
Figure 15 is the structural representation of guide rod and guide rail in the embodiment of the present invention one
The schematic diagram of Figure 16 when to be guide rail in Figure 15 move to one end end relative to guide rod
The schematic diagram of Figure 17 when to be guide rail in Figure 15 move to the other end end relative to guide rod
Figure 18 is the plan structure schematic diagram of loaded plate in the embodiment of the present invention one
Figure 19 is A-A sectional view in Figure 18
Figure 20 is Q portion enlarged drawing in Figure 18
Figure 21 is C-C sectional view in Figure 18
Figure 22 is D-D sectional view in Figure 18
Structural representation when Figure 23 is steering gear original state in the embodiment of the present invention one
Figure 24 is E-E cross section view in Figure 23
Structural representation when Figure 25 is the stressed transmission of steering gear in the embodiment of the present invention one
Structural representation when Figure 26 is the steering gear original state of the embodiment of the present invention two
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the steering gear of the embodiment of the present invention two when turning to
Structural representation when Figure 28 is the steering gear original state of the embodiment of the present invention three
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the steering gear of the embodiment of the present invention three when turning to
Figure 30 is the motion schematic diagram that the embodiment of the present invention four takes loaded plate in the method for vehicle
Figure 31 is that the embodiment of the present invention four takes in the method for vehicle the motion schematic diagram of taking inner side vehicle
Figure 32 is that the embodiment of the present invention four takes the motion schematic diagram of taking upper strata vehicle in the method for vehicle
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described further:
Embodiment one (Fig. 1 to Figure 25)
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 5, wherein, for loaded plate support vehicle enters the structural representation on parking space, its process is reversible, namely also can be taken out by the vehicle in parking space according to the order that diagram is contrary.In Fig. 1 to 5, eliminate power head device swinging block 73 with the picture of upper part, only retain the base portion of power head device.
The present invention is the horizontal carrier of one of ground parking, secondary translation and 90 ° of revolutions of parking dolly can be realized according to the most extensive and rational motion mode, use public aisle temporarily, abdicate passage and the space of turnover, facilitate the second layer or the access of dolly inside, thus improve parking density.
The present embodiment, in use occasion, needs T-shaped channel condition, and T-shaped passage has 3 directions, 1 direction is had to be parking space (direction is without specifying), 2nd direction is access way, and the 3rd direction allows to be blind alley, and length only need meet temporarily taking of 1 dolly.
The fabricating yard of this shutdown system only needs smooth cement floor or flooring, as long as use expansion bolt fixed equipment during installation on floor, load character is pure weight, does not have large turning torque, need not dig the structure such as melt pit or pre-buried rail.
Can see in Fig. 1 to 5, the shutdown system of the present embodiment mainly comprises two large parts, i.e. power head device and loaded plate.Power head device is fixed on floor, and for driving loaded plate to move relative to unit head or floor.
During parking, vehicle utilizes loaded plate to be parked in parking stall, when vehicle taken by needs, can directly be opened from loaded plate by this vehicle, first can also utilize loaded plate by vehicle conveying on passageway, then vehicle is left lower loaded plate.
When parking space is comparatively intensive, such as parking space is the situation of multilayer, and this loaded plate is located at first floor, or has the situation on inside and outside parking space, and the parking space of the inside needs the parking space taking outside to work as access, and this loaded plate is located at the parking space of outside.In prior art, during as the vehicle of the vehicle on upper strata or the inside need be taken, common way is first outputed by the vehicle in lower floor or parking space, outside, vacating space, then the vehicle of just desirable upper strata or the inside, after taking vehicle, then will be original in lower floor or Kai Hui origin-location, parking space, outside---this process bothers very much.
Adopt this loaded plate, when taking the vehicle on upper strata or parking space, the inside, only this shutdown system need be utilized to be gone out by the vehicle conveying of lower floor or outside, after the vehicle taking upper strata or the inside, the vehicle of original lower floor or outside moves back to by the loaded plate recycling this shutdown system, this process can by automatically completing, very convenient use.
As shown in FIG. 6 to 13, be the structure chart of power head device, the power head device of the present embodiment can realize the function driving loaded plate translation and dead axle to swing.
Power head device is multi-functional parts, it is fixed on the cement floor in garage with expansion bolt, wherein: 1) comprise drive motors 66, drive motors 66 is a kind of reducing motor, and the power of drive motors 66 is passed to loaded plate 30 by drive mechanism, drive motors 66 can drive loaded plate 30 to realize the movement combination of two sections of rectilinear motions and a dead axle horizontal hunting; 2) control motor 94 is comprised, controlling motor 94 is also a kind of reducing motor, and power is driven i.e. the first latch of upper rack 78(by one group of transmission mechanism, lower same) and lower tooth bar 88(i.e. the second latch, lower same) produce the action locking each other and discharge, help loaded plate 30 to realize the switching of rectilinear motion and dead axle horizontal hunting; 3) there is the function of dead axle horizontal hunting, make the loaded plate 30 of loading car realize small radius centered by centration axis 74 and automatically pass in and out the function of parking stall; 4) have guide function, loaded plate 30 carries out rectilinear motion under power head device independently guides; 5) have electrical control function, drive motors, control motor and displacement transducer are all arranged on power head device, make loaded plate 30 need not install power cable and the control cables of mobile wiring, enormously simplify the installation of power and control circuit.
The output shaft of drive motors 66 by key 67 and drive sprocket 68 by power transmission to chain 25, a reverse wheel 26a is housed respectively in the both sides of drive sprocket 68, the effect of reverse wheel 26a is the cornerite increasing chain 25 pairs of drive sprockets 68, improve the reliability of transmission, allow drive mechanism compacter, as shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9 simultaneously.
The power source that drive motors 66 moves as loaded plate 30, under the guide wheel 70a at guide rod 72 two ends in frame rail 28 with unit head 65 and the guide effect of guide wheel 70b, static or horizontal movement is there will be by movable sprocket 11 and the relative position of drive sprocket 68, but closed chain 25 and whole sprocket wheel are in same plane all the time, and loaded plate 30 follows unit head 65 all the time.The power that drive motors 66 exports supplies power wheel 19 all the time, and when loaded plate 30 makes dead axle horizontal hunting, its driving force mainly comes from power wheel 19.When loaded plate 30 moving linearly, its driving force comes from the rotation of power wheel 19 and the direct traction of chain 25 respectively, if power wheel 19 occurs slight obstruction on the ground, so the direct traction of chain 25 can drive loaded plate 30 moving linearly.
As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 13, control motor 94 under the control of electric-control system, only do forward and reversely to determine angle swinging.The Power output controlling motor 94 passes to upper rack 78 by gear 76, and this power passes to lower tooth bar 88 by driving pulley 77, Timing Belt 84, passive belt wheel 83, key 87, gear shaft 85 simultaneously.Determine the locking of upper rack 78 and lower tooth bar 88 from the performance of mechanism kinematic and release function is relation contrary each other, thus improve equipment reliability of operation.
The base 75 of power head device is provided with the second retaining structure, comprises outer baffle block 751, internal stop 752, middle block 753 etc. and connects firmly structure, also include the first bottom ear 91a, pin 92a, the second bottom ear 91b, pin 92b and spring 93 simultaneously.Spring 93 is connected with bottom ear pin 91b1 by bottom ear pin 91a1 and is strained the first bottom ear 91a and the second bottom ear 91b, and makes position limiting structure by middle block 753.By the one group of stopping means be made up of outer baffle block 751 and the first bottom ear 91a and be made up of internal stop 752 and the second bottom ear 91b another organize stopping means.
Component part and the function of power head device are more, in structure except base 75 and centration axis above 74, first bottom ear 91a, pin 92a, the second bottom ear 91b, pin 92b and spring 93 fix on the ground, remaining part is all assembled in swinging block 73 and has respective function above, and can do to horizontally rotate around centration axis 74 with swinging block 73 entirety.
As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 13, frame rail 28 is equipped with the first retaining structure 60, it comprises pendulum ear 60a, 60b, and pendulum ear 60a can swing around pin 61a; Pendulum ear 60b can swing around pin 61b, and pendulum ear pin 60a1 is equipped with in one end of pendulum ear 60a, and pendulum ear pin 60b1 is equipped with in one end of pendulum ear 60b, and extension spring 62 connects respectively and strains pendulum ear pin 60a1 and pendulum ear pin 60b1.When bearing extension spring 62 spring force or upper rack 78 lateral thrust, the block 281 in frame rail 28, block 282 limit pendulum ear 60a respectively, and 60b is to the hunting range in power head device direction.
As shown in figure 14, when swinging block 73 direction swings wherein, and when distance limits position also has a bit of distance, the swing of swinging block 73 can slow down or suspend, lower tooth bar 88 opposing oscillatory block stretches out, and overcomes elastic force and promotes the first bottom ear swing 91a, allow lower tooth bar 88 completely normally stretch out; Then swinging block 73 continues to swing, and allows the lower tooth bar 88 stretched out encounter outer baffle block and stopping of being obstructed; At this time the first bottom ear 91a automatically resets under elastic force effect.Therefore form the effect that outer baffle block 751 and the first bottom ear 91a clamp lower tooth bar 88 jointly, significantly reduce the requirement of kinematic accuracy to swinging block 73 or stroke detection precision, greatly improve the reliability of time tooth bar 88 pairs of swinging block 73 twist-locks.
As shown in Figure 7, power head device is provided with the guide rod 72 for coordinating with guide rail 28, for guiding the motion track of loaded plate; Unit head is also provided with drive motors 66, for being connected with chain on loaded plate 25, outputting power, orders about loaded plate 30 and loads rectilinear motion and the horizontal hunting that car is fixed track, make the car of loading realize the function that small radius passes in and out parking stall automatically compared with narrow passage.
As shown in Figure 15 to Figure 17, the distance between guide rod 72 two ends guide wheel 70a and guide wheel 70b is pulled open in the effect of guide rod 72, more favourable to the guiding constraint of frame rail 28.Under these conditions, frame rail move to wherein one end time, guide rod 72 slides into the end relative to slip ear seat 730, is conducive to saving the effective length of frame rail 28.
Loaded plate 30 utilize frame rail 28 remain with the position relationship of the guide rod 72 on unit head 65 with contact:
The effect of upper rack 78 is: under the control of electric-control system, upper rack 78 forward to insert between pendulum ear 60a in frame rail 28 and pendulum ear 60b while room, lower tooth bar 88 oppositely exits the locking to outer baffle block 751 and the first bottom ear 91a or internal stop 752 and the second bottom ear 91b wherein one group of stopping means, at this time linear guide does not produce effect, and set up the condition of dead axle horizontal hunting, therefore loaded plate 30 changes into from original rectilinear motion and makes horizontal hunting around centration axis 74 under the driving of power wheel 19.
The effect of lower tooth bar 88 is: under the control of electric-control system, upper rack 78 oppositely exits pendulum ear 60a in frame rail 28 and between pendulum ear 60b while room, lower tooth bar 88 forward inserts and locking to outer baffle block 751 and the first bottom ear 91a or internal stop 752 and the second bottom ear 91b wherein one group of stopping means, at this time linear guide generation effect, eliminate the condition of dead axle horizontal hunting simultaneously, therefore loaded plate 30 relies on guide rod 72 and guide wheel 70a and guide wheel 70b to lead to frame rail 28, rectilinear motion is changed into from original horizontal hunting under the driving of power wheel 19.
The present embodiment power head device also includes electrical control system, and electric-control system is made up of controller, shift knob, travel switch, drive motors 66, control motor 94 and power supply etc.Its controller can be contained on power head device, also can be arranged on other permanent position away from power head device.Drive motors 66, control motor 94 and whole displacement transducers are all arranged on unit head 65, make loaded plate 30 that power cable and the control cables of mobile wiring need not be installed, enormously simplify the installation of power and control circuit, also improve the safety of electricity consumption.
Controller can be the circuit be all made up of relay, also can by single-chip microcomputer or PLC(programmable controller) circuit that forms with relay.
The present embodiment is the electro-mechanical system that can realize Automated condtrol, and controller is supplied to user and operates the shift knob that must have and have power switch, scram button, " entering " button, " exiting " button etc. four kinds.Shift knob can be connected with controller, also can discretely arrange, and can be wired cable or wireless remote control with the connection of controller.
The present embodiment power supply used can be the external power supply that supply line provides, and also can be the storage type independent current source that system is provided for oneself.
Displacement transducer (abbreviation travel switch) has multiple, wherein has 5 travel switches for detecting ad-hoc location or the extreme position of the various motions of loaded plate 30.Other 2 travel switches are used for the extreme position of the forward and reverse swing of detection control motor 94.The travel switch of above-mentioned indication can be contact type mechanical travel switch, also can be the contactless various displacement transducer such as inductive switch, optoelectronic switch.State when being parked in the parking stall end with the installation site of lower stroke switch with loaded plate 30 is illustrated.
As shown in Figure 9, travel switch 112, is arranged on reducing motor 66 side and the side in close roadside, when loaded plate 30 walks to the end to rectilinear motion in parking stall, stroke tablet touches travel switch 112, and controller sends signal, reducing motor 66 power-off, loaded plate 30 stop motion.
Travel switch 113, is arranged on the wherein side on reducing motor 66 side.Stroke tablet 120 is arranged on the vehicle frame main beam 13 of unit head 65 side, when loaded plate 30 to walk to the room that upper rack 78 shifts to an earlier date between pendulum ear 60a rough alignment frame rail 28 and pendulum ear 60b from the outside rectilinear motion of the parking stall end, stroke tablet 120 touches travel switch 113, controller sends signal, the temporary transient stop motion of reducing motor 66 power-off loaded plate 30.Above-mentioned operating principle is applicable to the motion of loaded plate 30 two different directions.
Travel switch 114, is arranged on the side of swinging block 73 rear end.The end face of outer baffle block 751 is as stroke tablet.When loaded plate 30 drives swinging block 73 to be rocked to close to the end outside parking stall, the end face of outer baffle block 751 touches travel switch 114, and controller 111 sends signal, and reducing motor 66 power-off, loaded plate 30 temporarily stops swinging.
Travel switch 115, is arranged on the opposite side of swinging block 73 rear end.The end face of internal stop 752 is as stroke tablet.When loaded plate 30 drives swinging block 73 to be rocked to close to the end in parking stall, the end face of internal stop 752 touches travel switch 115, and controller 111 sends signal, and reducing motor 66 power-off, loaded plate 30 temporarily stops swinging.
Cheng Kaiguan 116, is arranged on reducing motor 66 side and near the side of the parking stall end, separately has stroke tablet to be arranged on the vehicle frame main beam 13 of close unit head 65 and one end of the close parking stall end.When loaded plate 30 walks to the end to rectilinear motion outside parking stall away from parking stall, stroke tablet touches travel switch 116, and controller 111 sends signal, reducing motor 66 power-off, loaded plate 30 stop motion.
As shown in Fig. 6,7 and 12, there is induction boss 781 upper rack 78 front end.Separately have travel switch, be arranged on upper rack 78 when inserting forward the end, induction boss 781 can make travel switch produce the position of signal.After control motor 94 forward starts, when upper rack 78 inserts forward the room between pendulum ear 60a and pendulum ear 60b completely, induction boss 781 touches the trip switch, and controller sends signal, reducing motor 94 power-off, upper rack 78 keeps the state in the room of inserting between pendulum ear 60a and pendulum ear 60b.
Push rod cup 58 has induction boss 581.Separately have travel switch, be arranged on upper rack 78 when exiting the end backward, push rod cup 58 is completely under reset mode, and induction boss 581 can make travel switch 118 produce the position of signal.When after reducing motor 94 reverse starting, upper rack 78 exits room between pendulum ear 60a and pendulum ear 60b backward to the end, and push rod cup 58 when resetting completely under the effect of extension spring 44, induction boss 581 touches the trip switch, controller sends signal, reducing motor 94 power-off, upper rack 78 exits completely and keeps lower tooth bar 88 to lock outer baffle block 751 and the first bottom ear 91a or internal stop 752 and the second bottom ear 91b wherein state that locks of one group of stopping means.
When loaded plate 30 is in complete exit status, user's crawl is pressed " entering " button, loaded plate 30 can complete the entire exercise that craspedodrome → swing 90 ° → craspedodrome enters parking stall automatically.When loaded plate 30 be in enter parking space state completely time, user's crawl is pressed " exiting " button, loaded plate 30 automatically can complete to keep straight on and exit the entire exercise of parking stall → swing 90 ° → craspedodrome.
Loaded plate 30 is carrying out any position of " entering " or " exiting " process, and user's crawl presses scram button or accidental power failure, and loaded plate 30 can stop instantaneously.When Power resumption or script are "on" positions, as long as user's crawl presses " entering " button or " exiting " button, loaded plate 30 can complete the remaining stroke action of button correspondence direction automatically, until stop when correspondence direction reaches terminal.Namely above-mentioned functions is continuing or backward function after the stopping of electric-control system.
Three kinds of shift knobs such as scram button, " entering " button, " exiting " button can fill on a remote control, and user carries out the operation of wireless remote control in certain distance or in car.
The power head device of the present embodiment, its fabricating yard only needs smooth cement floor or flooring, as long as use expansion bolt fixed equipment on the ground during installation.
Operating principle between the power head device of the present embodiment and loaded plate:
At loaded plate 30 moving linearly, and the axis of axletree 17 is when shifting to an earlier date the center of the centration axis 74 on convergence power head device, stroke tablet 120 touches travel switch, controller sends signal, drive motors 66 power-off, and the motion of loaded plate 30 temporarily stops, control motor 94 to start simultaneously, upper rack 78 travels forward, and promotes a wherein side-sway ear 60a or pendulum ear 60b and overcomes the spring force of extension spring 62, allow out position that upper rack 78 is travelled forward and be at the end.After drive motors 66 restarts, the pendulum ear pendulum ear 60b of opposite side or pendulum ear 60a will encounter upper rack 78, allow the pendulum ear 60a of out position or put ear 60b under the effect of extension spring 62 before, be returned to normal position.Effectively realize pendulum ear 60a and pendulum ear 60b plays location jointly effect to upper rack 78, therefore the rectilinear motion of loaded plate 30 is restricted, and is forced to carry out making dead axle horizontal hunting around centration axis 74.This is two-way effective precise alignment position-limit mechanism, significantly can reduce the integrated motion required precision to loaded plate 30, also improves equipment reliability of operation simultaneously.
As shown in Figure 18 to Figure 22, be the schematic diagram of chain drive structure, one group of strainer is respectively housed at the two ends of loaded plate 30, be made up of parts such as tensioning screw 20, tensioning frame 21, runner frame 22, pivot pin 23 and tightener sprockets 24.In the below near two ends tightener sprocket 24, a reverse wheel 26b is respectively housed, its effect makes drive mechanism compacter, while also prevent excessive sagging of bottom backhaul chain.In Fig. 2, K is the supporting plane such as ground or floor.
Respectively reverse wheel 26a is respectively housed, 26c at drive sprocket 68 with by the both sides of movable sprocket 11, the effect of reverse wheel 26a, 26c increases chain 25 pairs of drive sprockets 68 and by the cornerite of movable sprocket 11, improves the reliability of transmission, allow drive mechanism compacter simultaneously.
Chain 25 adopts closed installation periodic duty mode, and the overall length of chain 25 remains unchanged in the course of the work, and the pulling force being supplied to chain 25 by drive sprocket 68 will produce two kinds of stressed effect to loaded plate 30:
One, when linear guide generation effect, latch does not insert in retaining structure 60, and the pulling force of chain 25 makes power wheel 19 rotate through transmission system, and the frictional force that power wheel 19 kiss the earth produces promotes loaded plate 30 moving linearly.At this moment the direction of pull of chain 25 is consistent with the velocity attitude of loaded plate 30, and namely the pulling force of chain 25 is also to the rectilinear motion generation effect simultaneously of loaded plate 30.
Two, when linear guide does not produce effect, latch inserts in retaining structure 60, be in the state inserting locking, the pulling force of chain 25 makes to rotate away from the power wheel 19 of centration axis through transmission system, and the frictional force promotion loaded plate 30 that power wheel 19 kiss the earth produces makes the horizontal hunting around centration axis.Although at this moment the direction of pull of chain 25 is consistent with the velocity attitude of carrier loader platform 10, chain 25 is little with the horizontal projection distance of centration axis, and therefore the effect that also produces the horizontal hunting of loaded plate 30 of the pulling force of chain 25 is not obvious.
As shown in Figure 23 to Figure 25, be applied in the steering gear on this loaded plate, be provided with the first deflecting roller 35a and the second deflecting roller 35b in the rear end of loaded plate.Each deflecting roller 35a, 35b comprise the wheel shaft of two wheel bodies and support wheel body, and wheel shaft horizontal direction is arranged, and wheel body is located at the two ends of wheel shaft, steering spindle 39a is connected with, 39b and crank 41,49 in the middle part of wheel shaft, steering spindle 39a, 39b vertical direction is arranged, for connecting deflecting roller and loaded plate; First crank 41 is connected with wire rope 46 respectively with the second crank 49.
Crank 41, the end of 49 is connected by pin 42,48 and the sling 43,47 be located on wire rope 46, crank 41, and 49 are provided with by pin 42,48 effect be rotationally connected with the sling 43,47 of wire rope 46.
The downside of loaded plate 30, is fixed with 4 pulleys 45 by pulley spindle 44 at four direction, and wire rope 46 is through pulley 45, and head and the tail connect, and forms the quadrangle closed.
The upside of described wire rope 46 connects described lever 54, and the junction of wire rope 46 and lever 54 is provided with sling 52, and lever 54 is rotationally connected by pin 53 and sling 52.Also comprise back-moving spring 51, wire rope 46 passes from the centre of spring 51.One end of spring 51 is connected with sling 52, and the other end is connected with spring base 50.Also be provided with spacing hole 63,64 in the both sides of sling 52, limited block 63 is located between sling 52 and spring pedestal 50, leaves the space being compressed to the limit for spring 51 between all the other spring bases 50.Limited block 63,64 scopes defining sling 52 movement, namely the distance of sling 52 movement represents the distance range of the track movement that wire rope limits along pulley 45.
Lever 54 is using pin 55 as fulcrum, and lever 54 other end is connected with push rod 57 by pin 56, is the relation be rotationally connected between visible lever 54 and push rod 57.
Push rod 57 comprises push rod cup 58, and push rod cup 58 is located at retaining structure 60 place of latch, is also provided with skidding 59 below push rod cup.When latch insert this retaining structure 60 time, loaded plate can stop the relative movement with latch because of the screens effect of latch, the insertion of latch simultaneously props up push rod cup 58 just, there is provided a thrust F to push rod cup 58, push rod 57 moves along the direction of thrust F, drives lever 54, sling 52, wire rope 46, sling 43,47, crank 41,49 motions, and final drive deflecting roller 35a, 35b rotation direction; Now, if loaded plate continues to be subject to power drive, then loaded plate can rotate around centration axis 74.
When loaded plate moving linearly, rely on the elastic force effect of back-moving spring 51, and by the effect of wire rope 46 and crank 41,49, make the first deflecting roller 35a and second group of deflecting roller 35b keep consistent with power wheel 19, bogie wheel 16 direction respectively simultaneously.
When loaded plate makes dead axle horizontal hunting around centration axis 74, dynamical system is relied on to be inserted by latch in retaining structure 60, and promote push rod and move, push rod continues through lever 54 and sling 52 elongates spring 51, and continue through wire rope 46 and crank 41,49, make the first deflecting roller 35a and second group deflecting roller 35b turn over each self-corresponding angle respectively, and keep the angle of above-mentioned each autorotation.
When loaded plate makes dead axle horizontal hunting around centration axis 74, following geometrical condition must be met: the horizontal axis extended line of the balance staff of the first deflecting roller 35b must with the axes intersect of centration axis 74, simultaneously the horizontal axis extended line of the balance staff of the second deflecting roller 35d also must with the axes intersect of centration axis 74.
Lines a, b, c, d and e etc. in the present embodiment accompanying drawing are the section separator bars in figure, the separator bar namely between section and non-section, each hatch region.
Embodiment two (Figure 26 to Figure 27)
As shown in FIG. 26 to 27, be the present embodiment two, it is different that the difference of itself and embodiment one is to drive the drives structure of steered wheel rotation.
Near the roadside other end, the first deflecting roller 35a and the second deflecting roller 35b is installed at loaded plate 30.When loaded plate 30 moving linearly, reducing motor 134 rotates forward, and drives chain 130 to move right to extreme position by sprocket wheel 132.By connector 133, wire rope 46 is pulled to clockwise extreme position.Due to the connection that wire rope 46 is closed, and by the pulley spindle 44 of 4 groups and the restriction of pulley 45, wire rope 46 by sling 43, pin 42, crank 41 and sling 47, pin 48, crank 49, make the first deflecting roller 35a and the second deflecting roller 35b keep consistent with power wheel 19, bogie wheel 15 direction respectively simultaneously.
When loaded plate 30 makes horizontal hunting around dead axle, reducing motor 134 reverses, and drives chain 130 to be moved to the left extreme position by sprocket wheel 132.By connector 133, wire rope 46 is pulled to counterclockwise extreme position.Due to the connection that wire rope 46 is closed, and by the pulley spindle 44 of 4 groups and the restriction of pulley 45, wire rope 46 by sling 43, pin 42, crank 41 and sling 47, pin 48, crank 49, make deflecting roller 35a respectively, 35b turns over each self-corresponding angle.
Sprocket wheel 132 also can replace with gear, and corresponding chain 130 is replaced by tooth bar.
Sprocket wheel 132 also can replace with rope sheave, and corresponding chain 130 is replaced by whole section of wire rope, can cancel connector 133.
Embodiment three (Figure 28 to Figure 29)
As shown in FIG. 28 to 29, be the present embodiment three, it is different that the difference of itself and embodiment one is to drive the drives structure of steered wheel rotation.
Near the roadside other end, deflecting roller 35a, 35b are installed at loaded plate 30.When loaded plate 30 moving linearly, reducing motor 134 rotates forward, and is with carry-over bar 145 to be moved to the left extreme position by gear 144.By pin 141, connecting rod 140, pin 42, crank 41 and pin 143, connecting rod 142, pin 48, crank 49, make deflecting roller 35a, 35b keep consistent with power wheel 19, bogie wheel 15 direction respectively simultaneously.
When loaded plate 30 makes horizontal hunting around dead axle, reducing motor 134 reverses, carry-over bar 145 is with to move right to extreme position by gear 144, by pin 141, connecting rod 140, pin 42, crank 41 and pin 143, connecting rod 142, pin 48, crank 49, make deflecting roller 35a respectively, 35b turns over each self-corresponding angle.
Gear 144, tooth bar 145 also can replace with crank-link mechanism.
Embodiment four (Figure 30 to Figure 32)
The present embodiment is a kind of method of taking vehicle at intensive parking meta, this method based on the shutdown system of above-described embodiment one, embodiment two or embodiment three, for utilizing a kind of method of taking vehicle of its shutdown system.
In the present embodiment, direction, passageway public aisle 104 and parking space 100,101, the angle in 102,103 directions is 90 degree, wherein, parking space 100 is the parking space at loaded plate place, parking space 101 is the sides adjacent parking space on parking space, loaded plate place, and parking space 102 is the parking space on upper strata, parking space, loaded plate place, and parking space 103 is the parking space inside parking space, loaded plate place.
Be positioned at the parking space 102 on upper strata, for make use of the parking space that elevating mechanism of the prior art supports, when it being picked up the car, first its vehicle can only be fallen, being then driven out on passageway.
Be positioned at the parking space 103 of inner side, its other end, for the passageway of coming in and going out, the parking of this parking stall, is taken vehicle and is all needed through parking space 100.
In current individual garage parking and intensive parking lot, above two kinds of situations are unrare; Vehicle due to inner side and upper-layer parking position stops to get at every turn all to be needed through parking space 100, so, if if this parking stall 100 stops there is vehicle, all need to be driven away at every turn, for the vehicle of inner side and parking stall, upper strata is dodged, bother very much.At this, claim this parking space 100 for dodging parking stall temporarily.
Shutdown system of the present invention is set dodging on parking stall 100, utilizes this shutdown system can take the vehicle on upper strata and parking space, inner side easily
The method that the present embodiment takes vehicle comprises the following steps: step one, starts shutdown system, by loaded plate by the vehicle on loaded plate and be transported to passageway from parking space, place; Step 2, sails on passageway by the vehicle on parking space, inner side along the direction on parking space, loaded plate place; Or, utilize elevating mechanism that the vehicle of upper-layer parking position is lowered to parking space, loaded plate place, and the vehicle fallen sailed on passageway.
In step, loaded plate is under power head device drives, be withdrawn on passageway along the translation of direction, parking space, 90 degree are rotated again afterwards around centration axis, make loaded plate direction parallel with passageway, in addition be oppositely translated apart along passageway after, thus avoid the access of dodging parking stall 100, the vehicle on convenient inner side or upper strata enters.Now, the space that loaded plate takies on passageway, can as an interim road occupying parking stall 100 ', this method have employed temporary road occupation scheme.
In step 2, be applicable to the situation on three kinds of parking spaces, namely, only has the parking place of parking stall, loaded plate place 100 and parking stall, inner side 103, only have the parking place of parking stall, loaded plate place 100 and parking stall, upper strata 102, and there is the parking place of parking stall, loaded plate place 100, parking stall, inner side 103 and parking stall, upper strata 102 simultaneously.
For convenience of reading, the numbering of the portion of techniques feature in each for this manual accompanying drawing is gathered as follows:
By movable sprocket 11, support wheel 16, rotating shaft 17, power wheel 19, tensioning screw 20, tensioning frame 21, runner frame 22, pivot pin 23, tightener sprocket 24, chain 25, reverse wheel 26a, reverse wheel 26b, reverse wheel 26c, pivot pin 27a, guide rail 28, block 281, block 282, loaded plate 30, swash plate 33, deflecting roller 35a, deflecting roller 35b, crank 41, pin 42, sling 43, pulley spindle 44, pulley 45, wire rope 46, sling 47, pin 48, crank 49, spring base 50, spring 51, sling 52, pin 53, lever 54, pin 55, pin 56, push rod 57, push rod cup 58, induction boss 581, skidding 59, first retaining structure 60, pendulum ear 60a, pendulum ear pin 60a1, pendulum ear 60b, pendulum ear pin 60b1, pin 61a, pin 61b, extension spring 62, limited block 63, limited block 64, drive motors 66, key 67, drive sprocket 68, electric machine support 69, guide wheel 70a, guide wheel 70b, pivot pin 71a, pivot pin 71b, guide rod 72, swinging block 73, slip ear seat 731, centration axis 74, base 75, outer baffle block 751, internal stop 752, middle block 753, gear 76, driving pulley 77, upper rack 78, induction boss 781, guide plate 79, guide plate 80, mounting plate 81, supporting base 82, passive belt wheel 83, Timing Belt 84, gear shaft 85, axle sleeve 86, key 87, lower tooth bar 88, bottom plate 89, bolt 90, first bottom ear 91a, bottom ear pin 91a1, second bottom ear 91b, bottom ear pin 91b1, pin 92a, pin 92b, spring 93, control motor 94, motor supporting plate 95, splicing sleeve 96, screw 97, chain wheel support 98, bearing 99, travel switch 112, travel switch 113, travel switch 116, stroke tablet 119, stroke tablet 120, stroke tablet 121.
The announcement of book and instruction according to the above description, those skilled in the art in the invention can also change above-mentioned embodiment and revise.Therefore, the present invention is not limited to detailed description of the invention disclosed and described above, also should fall in the protection domain of claim of the present invention modifications and changes more of the present invention.In addition, although employ some specific terms in this manual, these terms just for convenience of description, do not form any restriction to the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a shutdown system, is characterized in that, comprises loaded plate and power head device, is provided with some wheels on the downside of described loaded plate, and described power head device moves for driving loaded plate, wherein:
Described loaded plate is provided with the first sprocket wheel along the front end of moving direction, and rear end is provided with the second sprocket wheel, is connected between the first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel by closed chain drive; Loaded plate between described first sprocket wheel and the second sprocket wheel is also provided with by movable sprocket, is connected with described chain drive by movable sprocket; Loaded plate is also provided with rotating shaft, and this rotating shaft is connected with described passive chain gear transmission, and rotating shaft is provided with wheel described at least one;
Described power head device comprises base, swinging block, drive motors and control motor, and base is fixed on floor, and swinging block to be located on base and to be connected with base rotation, drive motors and control motor and be fixed on swinging block;
Also comprise drive sprocket, drive sprocket is installed on the output shaft of drive motors, and is connected with described chain drive; Drive motors by this drive sprocket chain drive-belt transmission, thus drives loaded plate motion;
Control motor for locking or the relative displacement of releasing bearing plate and drive motors; When controlling motor releasing bearing plate, drive motors driving loaded plate does the translational motion relative to drive motors itself; When controlling motor-locking loaded plate, drive motors drives the shaft axis of loaded plate around swinging block and base junction to rotate, and swinging block does synchronous rotation with loaded plate.
2. shutdown system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise the first latch, drives be connected with the output shaft controlling motor; Also comprise the first retaining structure, be located on loaded plate; Described control motor drives the first latch insert or exit the first retaining structure, thus locks loaded plate or discharge.
3. shutdown system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: also comprise the second latch, drives be connected with the output shaft controlling motor; Also comprise the second retaining structure, be located on base; Described control motor drives the second latch insert or exit the second retaining structure, from locking or discharging the rotation of described swinging block relative to base;
The insertion of described second latch and to exit action with the first latch be relation contrary each other.
4. shutdown system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: include deflecting roller in described some wheels, and deflecting roller comprises the wheel shaft of wheel body and support wheel body, and wheel shaft is arranged in the horizontal direction;
Also comprise the steering spindle perpendicular to wheel shaft, deflecting roller is rotationally connected by this steering spindle and loaded plate;
Deflecting roller is also provided with steering linkage member, and steering linkage member is connected with drives structure, for driving deflecting roller around steering axes.
5. shutdown system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described swinging block is also provided with guide rod, and guide rod is provided with guide wheel; Direction along front and back ends on described loaded plate is provided with guide rail, and this guide rail coordinates with described guide rod and guide wheel, for guiding the motion track of loaded plate.
6. shutdown system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: when controlling motor-locking loaded plate, and the axis of described rotating shaft passes the shaft axis of swinging block and base junction; One end near unit head in described rotating shaft is provided with support wheel, and the one end away from unit head is provided with power wheel; Support wheel and rotating shaft, for being rotationally connected, play a supportive role; Power wheel and rotating shaft, for being in transmission connection, play driving effect.
7. shutdown system according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described rotating shaft is L to the distance of loaded plate front end 1, total distance of loaded plate front and back ends is L, 1/2>=L 1/ L>=1/10.
8. shutdown system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: substitute described chain with Timing Belt, substitutes described sprocket wheel with synchronous pulley; Or, substitute described chain with wire rope, substitute described sprocket wheel with rope sheave.
9. shutdown system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise the controller for controlling loaded plate motion, this controller is button box, keypad or hand-held remote controller.
10. application rights requires a method of taking vehicle for shutdown system described in 1, and the angle in direction, passageway and direction, parking space is β, and 0 degree of < β≤90 degree, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
Step one, starts shutdown system, by loaded plate by the vehicle on loaded plate and be transported to passageway from parking space, place;
Step 2, sails on passageway by the vehicle on parking space, inner side along the direction on parking space, loaded plate place; Or, utilize elevating mechanism that the vehicle of upper-layer parking position is lowered to parking space, loaded plate place, and the vehicle fallen sailed on passageway.
CN201310245333.6A 2013-06-19 2013-06-19 Parking system and method for taking vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN103321464B (en)

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CN108612375B (en) * 2018-05-28 2020-10-27 磐安县嘉嘉工业设计有限公司 Simple lifting type auxiliary device for stereo garage
CN108824879B (en) * 2018-07-20 2020-01-14 西安交通大学 Extensible avoidance type stereo garage based on double-row parking concept

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CN2235474Y (en) * 1996-01-09 1996-09-18 北京市北方惠利技术公司 Machine for shifting or lifting vehicles for verticle mechanical parking cars garage
CN102619365A (en) * 2012-04-25 2012-08-01 叶林森 Laterally moveable automobile berthing machine
CN203285120U (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-11-13 佛山市南海区爱满亭机械制造有限公司 Parking system

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