CN103321172B - Blowing-sweeping multifunctional road cleaning vehicle - Google Patents

Blowing-sweeping multifunctional road cleaning vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103321172B
CN103321172B CN201310253170.6A CN201310253170A CN103321172B CN 103321172 B CN103321172 B CN 103321172B CN 201310253170 A CN201310253170 A CN 201310253170A CN 103321172 B CN103321172 B CN 103321172B
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China
Prior art keywords
collection box
garbage collection
road cleaning
purging
wind
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310253170.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103321172A (en
Inventor
陈珉斌
张文秀
依明江·艾买提
朱丽
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KUITUN HIGHWAY ADMINSTRATION KARAMAY BRANCH
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KUITUN HIGHWAY ADMINSTRATION KARAMAY BRANCH
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Priority to CN201310253170.6A priority Critical patent/CN103321172B/en
Publication of CN103321172A publication Critical patent/CN103321172A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103321172B publication Critical patent/CN103321172B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a blowing-sweeping multifunctional road cleaning vehicle. A slide blow-sweeping head (10) and an evacuation tube (4) are added on the basis of an existing cleaning brush (9), a positive pressure blower head (12) and a negative sucker head (13). Redundant wind force of a fan is fully utilized. Roadside waste can be blow-swept to a subgrade while the waste on the road is cleaned in a pickup manner. Especially, the blowing-sweeping multifunctional road cleaning vehicle has the advantages that flying dust can be reduced greatly and the safety hazard that vehicles cannot be driven normally on the road due to eyesight being influenced by the flying dust during work is eliminated.

Description

Purge one all-purpose road cleaning car
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dumper cleaning pavilion, particularly a kind of purging one all-purpose road cleaning car.
Background technology
Existing road-cleaning dumper, generally has brush to sweep formula and wind-driven cleaning formula, and the cleaning that formula is generally adapted to urban road swept by brush, clean effective, but efficiency is lower.Wind-driven cleaning formula sweeping efficiency is high, but power consumption is large, and dust is kicked up seriously, is generally applicable to express way or high-grade highway, then can not be suitable for because of kicking up of dust for densely populated place areas such as urban roads.
Existing sweeping type cleaning car, its operation process is swept between the two-wheeled under car by the cleaning brush of front portion by the rubbish on road surface, and rubbish picks up in dustbin by the blowing mechanism that cleaning brush rear is provided with malleation blow head and negative pressure suction nozzle composition.
Blower fan in work is by the work of wind circulating principle, namely blower fan, malleation blow head, negative pressure suction nozzle and dustbin form a wind circulating system, rubbish is on the ground blown afloat by malleation blow head by the malleation outlet of blower fan, negative pressure suction nozzle to lead in dustbin and will rubbish on the ground suck after deliver in dustbin, be provided with dustbin air outlet in dustbin to be connected with air inlet and to form negative pressure suction inlet, heavy foreign material precipitate in dustbin, owing to not being equipped with the sprinkler system of urban road sweeping vehicle, this kind of scavenging machine generally can not use in urban road.
In actual use, often occur that negative pressure suction nozzle needs large wind, malleation blow head then only needs less wind-force normally to work, in above-mentioned wind circulating system, therefore just occurred unnecessary malleation wind-force.The adjustment of current this malleation wind-force lets out air port and wind-force adjustment doors by the carrier pipe between blower fan malleation air outlet and malleation blow head is arranged, and to control the wind-force of malleation blow head, discharged by unnecessary wind-force by letting out air port.One is the waste causing wind-force, two be wind-force owing to letting out air port is directly discharge bottom road-sweeper railway carriage, cause situation that railway carriage bottom dust is kicked up in a large number in work, serious environment pollution, the dust simultaneously kicked up in a large number also causes severe contamination and infringement to plant equipment, and the dust kicked up at work seriously blocks sight line, vehicle on road normally cannot be travelled, cause serious safety hazards.And on some high-grade highways, under only need being swept to roadbed to foreign material such as the dust rubbles in roadside, the way taked at present uses special wind-driven cleaning car swept or blow down roadbed by the foreign material such as the dust rubble in roadside.Therefore, in daily road upkeep, if need to clean in the middle part of road surface and roadside simultaneously, then need two kinds of machineries respectively once to clean and just can complete, cause equipment to repeat the raising of preparation and road upkeep cost.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of unnecessary wind-force that can utilize blower fan preferably, to reach energy-conservation effect, and can greatly alleviate kicking up of dust, pavement garbage pickup mode can be completed simultaneously and clean the integral multifunctional road-cleaning dumper purged under roadbed with roadside rubbish.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution used in the present invention is: comprise locomotive (7), locomotive crossbeam (16), garbage collection box (1), garbage inlet (2), garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5), cleaning agency power (8), cleaning brush (9), blower fan (6), malleation blow head (12), negative pressure suction nozzle (13), wind-force adjustment doors (17) in malleation pneumatic conveyer (11) and malleation pneumatic conveyer (11) pipeline, its improvement is: wind-force adjustment doors (17) front portion in malleation pneumatic conveyer (11) pipeline is provided with bypass pipe (18), blowing head (10) and evacuated tube (4) is provided with side by side after this bypass pipe (18), wind-force adjustment doors is equipped with in the pipeline of blowing head (10) and evacuated tube (4).
As improvement, be preferably provided with dust arrester (19) after above-mentioned evacuated tube (4), described dust arrester (19) is preferably cyclon dust collector.
Above-mentioned dust arrester (19) is preferably arranged at the side away from garbage inlet (2) and garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5) in garbage collection box (1), and the dust of discharging to prevent dust arrester (19) is sucked garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5) again.
As improvement, garbage inlet (2) in above-mentioned garbage collection box (1) and the upper wall between garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5) are preferably provided with spoiler (20), this spoiler (20) is preferably and is arranged at the downward plate body of garbage collection box (1) inwall, and the rubbish entered from garbage inlet (2) can be made to precipitate well.
As further improvement, above-mentioned spoiler (20) is preferably provided with more than twice, and spoilers (20) more than twice is the interlaced arrangement in left and right on garbage collection box (1) upper wall.
Compared with prior art, the present invention plants the unnecessary wind-force that make use of blower fan fully, the operation of two kinds of different modes can be completed simultaneously, while completing pavement garbage pickup mode clean, also can complete and roadside rubbish is purged function under roadbed, also a kind of function operation wherein can only be selected, a tractor serves several purposes, greatly reduce equipment preparation cost, particularly can greatly alleviate kicking up of dust in operation, eliminate in the course of work in the past and affect the potential safety hazard that on highway that sight line causes, vehicle cannot normally travel because dust flies upward.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the embodiment of the present invention 1 structural representation.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of Figure 1A-A section.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of Fig. 3 B-B section.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 4.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation looked up in the embodiment of the present invention 5 garbage collection box.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation looked up in the embodiment of the present invention 6 garbage collection box.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation looked up in the embodiment of the present invention 7 garbage collection box.
Shown in figure, 1 is garbage collection box, and 2 is garbage inlet, and 3 is screen cloth, 4 is evacuated tube, and 5 is garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth, and 6 is blower fan, and 7 is locomotive, 8 is cleaning agency power, and 9 is cleaning brush, and 10 is blowing head, and 11 is malleation pneumatic conveyer, 12 is malleation blow head, and 13 is negative pressure suction nozzle, and 14 is telescoping tube, 15 is blowing mechanism platform, and 16 is locomotive crossbeam, and 17 is wind-force adjustment doors, 18 is bypass pipe, and 19 is dust arrester, and 20 is spoiler.
Detailed description of the invention
embodiment 1:with reference to Fig. 1 ~ Fig. 2, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 1, comprise locomotive 7, locomotive crossbeam 16, garbage collection box 1, garbage inlet 2, garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth 5, cleaning agency power 8, cleaning brush 9, blower fan 6, malleation blow head 12, negative pressure suction nozzle 13, wind-force adjustment doors 17 in malleation pneumatic conveyer 11 and malleation pneumatic conveyer 11, malleation blow head 12, negative pressure suction nozzle 13 to be installed on blowing mechanism platform 15 and to be connected with garbage inlet 2 with malleation pneumatic conveyer 11 respectively by bellows 14, blowing mechanism platform 15 can be elevated according to need of work, wind-force adjustment doors 17 front portion in malleation pneumatic conveyer 11 pipeline is provided with bypass pipe 18, blowing head 10 and evacuated tube 4 is provided with side by side after this bypass pipe 18, wind-force adjustment doors is equipped with in the pipeline of blowing head 10 and evacuated tube 4, bypass pipe 18 and evacuated tube 4 are arranged on garbage collection box 1, and evacuated tube 4 leads to the top of garbage collection box 1 through garbage collection box 1, blowing head 10 is arranged on locomotive crossbeam 16, between evacuated tube 4 and blowing head 10, butt joint is set, when garbage collection box 1 lifting, butt joint departs from, when garbage collection box 1 is set level, butt joint is docked, the pipeline of blowing head 10 or evacuated tube 4 can be made to be in work or halted state by regulating wind-force adjustment doors in the pipeline of blowing head 10 and evacuated tube 4.
embodiment 2:with reference to Fig. 3 ~ Fig. 4, be the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 2, compared with embodiment 1, the main distinction of the present embodiment is: described bypass pipe 18, evacuated tube 4 and blowing head 10 are all arranged on locomotive crossbeam 16.
embodiment 3:with reference to Fig. 5, be the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 3, compared with embodiment 1, the main distinction of the present embodiment is: be provided with dust arrester 19 after described evacuated tube 4, the dust arrester 19 in the present embodiment is cyclon dust collector.The problem that the road-sweeper of the present embodiment is kicked up owing to solving dust preferably, does not prepare sprinkler system and can directly use yet in general urban road.
embodiment 4:with reference to Fig. 6, for the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention 4, compared with embodiment 3, the main distinction of the present embodiment is: described dust arrester 19 is arranged at the side away from garbage inlet 2 and garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth 5 in garbage collection box 1, garbage inlet 2 simultaneously in garbage collection box 1 and the upper wall between garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth 5 are provided with two spoilers 20, and this spoiler 20 is for being arranged at plane tabular body downward inside garbage collection box 1.
embodiment 5:with reference to Fig. 7, be the structural representation looked up in the embodiment of the present invention 5 garbage collection box, compared with embodiment 4, the main distinction of the present embodiment is: described spoiler 20 inside garbage collection box 1, upper wall is the interlaced arrangement in left and right.
embodiment 6:with reference to Fig. 8, for the structural representation looked up in the embodiment of the present invention 6 garbage collection box, compared with embodiment 5, the main distinction of the present embodiment is: described spoiler 20 is sagging strip shape body, and inside garbage collection box 1, upper wall is the interlaced arrangement in left and right.
embodiment 7:with reference to Fig. 9, for the structural representation looked up in the embodiment of the present invention 7 garbage collection box, compared with embodiment 5, the main distinction of the present embodiment is: described spoiler 20 is sagging column, and inside garbage collection box 1, upper wall is the interlaced arrangement in left and right.

Claims (10)

1. one kind purges one all-purpose road cleaning car, comprise locomotive (7), locomotive crossbeam (16), garbage collection box (1), garbage inlet (2), garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5), cleaning agency power (8), cleaning brush (9), blower fan (6), malleation blow head (12), negative pressure suction nozzle (13), wind-force adjustment doors (17) in malleation pneumatic conveyer (11) and malleation pneumatic conveyer (11) pipeline, it is characterized in that: wind-force adjustment doors (17) front portion in malleation pneumatic conveyer (11) pipeline is provided with bypass pipe (18), blowing head (10) and evacuated tube (4) is provided with side by side after this bypass pipe (18), wind-force adjustment doors is equipped with in the pipeline of blowing head (10) and evacuated tube (4).
2. purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with dust arrester (19) after described evacuated tube (4).
3. purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described dust arrester (19) is cyclon dust collector.
4. the purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: described dust arrester (19) is arranged at the side away from garbage inlet (2) and garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5) in garbage collection box (1).
5. the purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: the garbage inlet (2) in described garbage collection box (1) and the upper wall between garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5) are provided with spoiler (20).
6. purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described spoiler (20) is for being arranged at the downward plate body of garbage collection box (1) inwall.
7. purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the garbage inlet (2) in described garbage collection box (1) and the upper wall between garbage collection box negative pressure induced wind mouth (5) are provided with spoiler (20).
8. purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to claim 7, is characterized in that: described spoiler (20) is for being arranged at the downward plate body of garbage collection box (1) inwall.
9. purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described spoiler (20) is provided with more than twice, and spoilers (20) more than twice is the interlaced arrangement in left and right on garbage collection box (1) upper wall.
10. purging one all-purpose road cleaning car according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described spoiler (20) is provided with more than twice, and spoilers (20) more than twice is the interlaced arrangement in left and right on garbage collection box (1) upper wall.
CN201310253170.6A 2013-06-25 2013-06-25 Blowing-sweeping multifunctional road cleaning vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN103321172B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310253170.6A CN103321172B (en) 2013-06-25 2013-06-25 Blowing-sweeping multifunctional road cleaning vehicle

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310253170.6A CN103321172B (en) 2013-06-25 2013-06-25 Blowing-sweeping multifunctional road cleaning vehicle

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CN103321172A CN103321172A (en) 2013-09-25
CN103321172B true CN103321172B (en) 2015-05-13

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104499450B (en) * 2014-12-23 2016-03-23 刘振兴 A kind of refuse cleaning vehicle
CN108570960B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-04-07 湖南工业大学 Railway ballast bed decontamination method
CN109540748A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-03-29 陕西理工大学 A kind of town road dust accumulation monitoring device and monitoring method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1160381A2 (en) * 2000-05-31 2001-12-05 M-U-T Maschinen-Umwelttechnik- Transportanlagen Gesellschaft M.B.H. Apparatus for the removal of skid marks or wear of elastomeric tyres from a road
CN200949220Y (en) * 2006-06-29 2007-09-19 秦琪 Cyclone type ground surface cleaning dust removing vehicle
CN101070697A (en) * 2006-05-10 2007-11-14 上海甲秀工业设计有限公司 Dry-type dust-proof vehicle
CN201037241Y (en) * 2007-04-24 2008-03-19 方先学 High-speed air flow cleaning dust removing vehicle
KR100873323B1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2008-12-10 주식회사 광림 Air re-circulation road sweeping vehicle with cylindrical brush
CN203320461U (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-12-04 奎屯公路管理局克拉玛依分局 Blowing and sweeping integrated multifunctional road sweeping dumper

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1160381A2 (en) * 2000-05-31 2001-12-05 M-U-T Maschinen-Umwelttechnik- Transportanlagen Gesellschaft M.B.H. Apparatus for the removal of skid marks or wear of elastomeric tyres from a road
CN101070697A (en) * 2006-05-10 2007-11-14 上海甲秀工业设计有限公司 Dry-type dust-proof vehicle
CN200949220Y (en) * 2006-06-29 2007-09-19 秦琪 Cyclone type ground surface cleaning dust removing vehicle
KR100873323B1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2008-12-10 주식회사 광림 Air re-circulation road sweeping vehicle with cylindrical brush
CN201037241Y (en) * 2007-04-24 2008-03-19 方先学 High-speed air flow cleaning dust removing vehicle
CN203320461U (en) * 2013-06-25 2013-12-04 奎屯公路管理局克拉玛依分局 Blowing and sweeping integrated multifunctional road sweeping dumper

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Granted publication date: 20150513

Termination date: 20160625