CN103317336A - Automatic assembly device and method of O-type sealing ring - Google Patents

Automatic assembly device and method of O-type sealing ring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103317336A
CN103317336A CN2013102997462A CN201310299746A CN103317336A CN 103317336 A CN103317336 A CN 103317336A CN 2013102997462 A CN2013102997462 A CN 2013102997462A CN 201310299746 A CN201310299746 A CN 201310299746A CN 103317336 A CN103317336 A CN 103317336A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
runddichtringo
cylinder
type circle
barring
feeding
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Granted
Application number
CN2013102997462A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103317336B (en
Inventor
武建伟
许方富
舒勤业
陈思涵
陈伟强
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TAIZHOU LIANFANG ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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TAIZHOU LIANFANG ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310299746.2A priority Critical patent/CN103317336B/en
Publication of CN103317336A publication Critical patent/CN103317336A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103317336B publication Critical patent/CN103317336B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic assembly device of an O-type sealing ring. The automatic assembly device comprises a ring loading and supporting module and a ring moving and releasing module. The ring loading and supporting module forms a feeding station and a ring supporting station, and when a loading device of the O-type sealing ring is located at the feeding station, the O-type sealing ring is delivered to the loading device of the O-type sealing ring by a feeding device of the O-type sealing ring. A loading needle-shaped air cylinder drives the loading device of the O-type sealing ring to move to the ring supporting station, the ring supporting motion is carried out on the O-type sealing ring by a ring supporting device, the O-type sealing ring is delivered to the ring moving and releasing module by the ring supporting device, the ring moving and releasing module enables the supported O-type sealing ring to be delivered to a ring releasing station from the ring supporting station, the ring moving and releasing module breaks away from the supported O-type sealing ring, the supported O-type sealing ring is sleeved at the position of a groove of a workpiece to be assembled, and automatic assembly between the workpiece and the O-type sealing ring is achieved. According to the automatic assembly device, assembly automation of the O-type sealing ring can be achieved, the qualified rate and the assembly efficiency of products are greatly improved, the labor strength is relieved, and the production cost is reduced. The invention further discloses an automatic assembly method of the O-type sealing ring.

Description

The automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of automatic assembly equipment, be specifically related to a kind of automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO.The invention still further relates to a kind of automatic assembly method of O RunddichtringO.
Background technology
The most commonly used with the O RunddichtringO in the sealing ring.The O RunddichtringO is most popular a kind of seal on the various plant equipment, and its section structure is extremely simple, and self sealing action is arranged, and sealing property is reliable, is mainly used in static seal and reciprocating movement sealing.
For improving the sealing effectiveness to workpiece, the O RunddichtringO need to be inserted in the groove of workpiece, any end that during installation the O RunddichtringO is supportted greatly and crosses workpiece is inserted in the groove again.Because the shape of workpiece is more and smaller and more exquisite, the size of O RunddichtringO is also more and more less, brings very large inconvenience to installment work.
The general dependence of the assembling of existing O RunddichtringO is manually assembled, and has caused the disqualification rate of product higher, and efficiency of assembling limited, and wastes time and energy, and has also greatly increased production cost.Because manual assembling speed is lower, be difficult to adapt to needs and the fierce market competition needs of automation assembling simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO, and it can realize the assembly automation of O RunddichtringO.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution of the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO of the present invention is:
Comprise circle support ring module 1, barring-on knocking over module 2; Upper circle support ring module 1 comprises O type circle pay-off 1-1, O type circle feeding device 1-2, ring-supporting device 1-3, and O type circle pay-off 1-1 and ring-supporting device 1-3 are set up in parallel, and form respectively feeding station and support ring station; Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 connects O type circle feeding device 1-2 by slide block 1-5, and material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 can drive O type circle feeding device 1-2 and do reciprocating linear motion, and O type circle feeding device 1-2 is switched between two stations; When O type circle feeding device 1-2 was in the feeding station, O type circle pay-off 1-1 passed to O type circle feeding device 1-2 with the O RunddichtringO; Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 drives O type circle feeding device 1-2 and moves to the support ring station, by ring-supporting device 1-3 the O RunddichtringO is carried out the support ring action; Barring-on knocking over module 2 comprises transfer device 2-1, and transfer device 2-1 forms support ring station and knocking over station, and the knocking over station arranges knocking-over device 2-3; Ring-supporting device 1-3 passes to barring-on knocking over module 2 with the O RunddichtringO, O RunddichtringO after barring-on knocking over module 2 will support greatly is transferred to the knocking over station from the support ring station, and the O RunddichtringO disengaging after large with support makes its groove that is enclosed within workpiece to be assembled, the automatic assembling of realization workpiece and O RunddichtringO.
Described O type circle pay-off 1-1 comprises straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1, and Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 is installed on the straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1; The output of Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 docks with hopper side plate 1-1-8; The outside of hopper side plate 1-1-8 is fixedly installed feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5, and the slide block of feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 connects scraping wings 1-1-6, and feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 can promote scraping wings 1-1-6 and seesaw; The front side of scraping wings 1-1-6 is provided with hopper plate 1-1-7; Hopper side plate 1-1-8 is provided with the recess channels that cooperates with Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3, the U-shaped holding tank that the front end setting of scraping wings 1-1-6 cooperates with Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3, the scraping wings 1-1-6 recess channels of its U-shaped holding tank by hopper side plate 1-1-8 under original state is connected with Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3; Hopper plate 1-1-7 is provided with O type circle receiver hole.
Described hopper plate 1-1-7 is fixedly installed on the hopper base plate 1-2-4, and hopper base plate 1-2-4 is flexibly connected cross filler 1-2-5 by cross recess; The cross recess center of hopper base plate 1-2-4 is over against the O type circle receiver hole center of hopper plate 1-1-7; Two poles of cross filler 1-2-5 connect cross filler stressed plate 1-2-7 by cylindrical compression spring 1-2-6 respectively.
Described Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 is provided with blowing nozzle 1-1-4; Described blowing nozzle 1-1-4 is arranged at the porch of Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 and/or the place, centre position of Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3.
Described O type circle feeding device 1-2 comprises material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1, and the output of material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 connects cross pressure head 1-2-3, and material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 can drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and move up and down; The lower end of described cross pressure head 1-2-3 is the cross circular cone, forms step plane between cross circular cone and the cross pressure head 1-2-3; The bottom of cross circular cone is provided with annular groove.
Described ring-supporting device 1-3 comprises cross cone point 1-3-1, slide block output board 1-3-2, support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3, support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 connection sliding block output board 1-3-2, and the top of slide block output board 1-3-2 connects cross cone point 1-3-1; Support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 can drive cross cone point 1-3-1 and vertically move up and down.
Described transfer device 2-1 comprises balance 2-1-1, barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, knocking over dish 2-1-3, rotary cylinder 2-1-4, hoistable platform 2-1-5, lift cylinder 2-1-10; The bottom of hoistable platform 2-1-5 connects lift cylinder 2-1-10, lift cylinder 2-1-10 can drive hoistable platform 2-1-5 and on part move up and down together; Be fixedly installed rotary cylinder 2-1-4 on the hoistable platform 2-1-5, be provided with balance 2-1-1 on the revolving dial of rotary cylinder 2-1-4, be symmetrically arranged with two barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 on the balance 2-1-1, be arranged with respectively a knocking over dish 2-1-3 on each barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2; Barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 be provided with four axially grooved, the fluting of barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 and the cross cone of ring-supporting device 1-3 point 1-3-1 matches, cross cone point 1-3-1 stretches in the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2; O RunddichtringO after support is large is enclosed within on the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2.
Described transfer device 2-1 is provided with positioner 2-2; Described positioner 2-2 comprises alignment pin 2-2-1, location guide pin bushing 2-2-2, positioning cylinder installing rack 2-2-3, positioning cylinder 2-2-4, the bottom of alignment pin 2-2-1 connects the piston rod of positioning cylinder 2-2-4, alignment pin 2-2-1 is arranged in the guide pin bushing 2-2-2 of location, realizes being slidingly matched between alignment pin 2-2-1 and the location guide pin bushing 2-2-2; Be symmetrically arranged with two locating holes on the described balance 2-1-1, locating hole is used for the alignment pin 2-2-1 of connection locator 2-2; When alignment pin 2-2-1 stretched in the locating hole of balance 2-1-1, positioner 2-2 can realize circumferential registration to the balance 2-1-1 of transfer device 2-1.
Described knocking-over device 2-3 comprises knocking over push rod 2-3-1, knocking over cylinder 2-3-2, and knocking over push rod 2-3-1 connects the piston rod of knocking over cylinder 2-3-2, knocking over cylinder 2-3-2 be positioned at the knocking over station barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 under.
The present invention also provides a kind of automatic assembly method of O RunddichtringO, and its technical solution is, may further comprise the steps:
The first step, the feeding of O RunddichtringO;
Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 drives O type circle feeding device 1-2 and is in the feeding station; The straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1 of O type circle pay-off 1-1 makes the O RunddichtringO travel forward along Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3, enters in the U-shaped holding tank of scraping wings 1-1-6; Feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 promotes scraping wings 1-1-6 and travels forward, and the O RunddichtringO is sent into from U-shaped holding tank in the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate 1-1-7, realizes the self-feeding of O RunddichtringO;
Second step, the material loading of O RunddichtringO;
The material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 of O type circle feeding device 1-2 drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and press down, cross pressure head 1-2-3 stretches into the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate 1-1-7, make the O RunddichtringO be enclosed within cross pressure head 1-2-3 place, finish the O RunddichtringO from the handing-over of O type circle pay-off 1-1 to O type circle feeding device 1-2, realize the automatic charging of O RunddichtringO;
The 3rd step, the support ring of O RunddichtringO;
Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 drives O type circle feeding device 1-2 and switches to the support ring station; The support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 of ring-supporting device 1-3 drives cross cone point 1-3-1 and rises, and the material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 of O type circle feeding device 1-2 drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and press down; When cross pressure head 1-2-3 contacts with cross cone point 1-3-1, utilize the tapering of cross pressure head 1-2-3 and the tapering of cross cone point 1-3-1, the O RunddichtringO is supportted greatly gradually, and the O RunddichtringO is passed on the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 of support ring station of barring-on knocking over module 2, realize the support ring of O RunddichtringO;
The 4th step, the barring-on of O RunddichtringO;
The rotary cylinder 2-1-4 of transfer device 2-1 drives balance 2-1-1 rotation, and the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 that carries the O RunddichtringO is switched on the knocking over station, realizes the barring-on of O RunddichtringO;
Workpiece to be assembled is placed on cover to be had in the endoporus of the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 that supports large O RunddichtringO;
The 5th step, the knocking over of O RunddichtringO;
The knocking over push rod 2-3-1 of knocking-over device 2-3 moves upward, the knocking over dish 2-1-3 that promotes the knocking over station moves upward along barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, thereby the O RunddichtringO is broken away from from barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, the O RunddichtringO that breaks away from away just bounces back to the groove of workpiece, make the O RunddichtringO pack into corresponding workpiece, realize the knocking over of O RunddichtringO, finish the automatic assembling of workpiece and O RunddichtringO.
The technique effect that the present invention can reach is:.
The present invention in the assembling process of O RunddichtringO to O RunddichtringO not damaged; The support ring amplitude is little, affects hardly the serviceability of O RunddichtringO; And efficiency of assembling is high.
The automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO of the present invention is simple in structure, is convenient to realize automation.
The present invention can realize the assembly automation of O RunddichtringO, solve manual assembling speed low and be difficult to adapt to the shortcoming deficiency such as automation assembling needs, greatly improve product percent of pass and efficiency of assembling, and reduce labor intensity, reduce the labour, reduce production costs.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further detailed explanation below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of upper circle support ring module of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of O type circle pay-off of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of O type circle feeding device of the present invention, and wherein Fig. 4 b is the exploded view of Fig. 4 a;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram after O type circle feeding device of the present invention is finished O RunddichtringO material loading;
Fig. 6 is the decomposing schematic representation of ring-supporting device of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the present invention is handover to the O RunddichtringO ring-supporting device from O type circle feeding device schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of barring-on knocking over module of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of transfer device of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram that is provided with the transfer device of positioner, and positioner not yet positions balance among the figure;
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of positioner of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of knocking-over device of the present invention;
Figure 13 schematic diagram that to be positioner position the balance of transfer device;
To be the present invention be enclosed within schematic diagram on the workpiece with the O RunddichtringO to Figure 14;
Figure 15 is the schematic diagram that the present invention finishes cross pressure head behind the material loading;
Figure 16 is cross pressure head of the present invention cooperates support ring with cross cone point and barring-on guide pin bushing schematic diagram;
Figure 17 is the schematic diagram of support ring process of the present invention;
Figure 18 is the schematic diagram that the present invention finishes support ring;
Figure 19 is knocking over schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 20 is the schematic diagram that workpiece of the present invention and the assembling of O RunddichtringO are finished.
Description of reference numerals among the figure:
1 is upper circle support ring module, and 2 is barring-on knocking over module,
3 is base plate,
1-1 is O type circle pay-off, and 1-2 is O type circle feeding device,
1-3 is ring-supporting device, and 1-4 is material loading aciculiform cylinder,
1-5 is slide block, and 1-6 is frame,
1-1-1 is the straight-line oscillation device, and 1-1-2 is that the straight-line oscillation device is regulated frame,
1-1-3 is the Straight line unit hopper, and 1-1-4 is blowing nozzle,
1-1-5 is the feeding slipway cylinder, and 1-1-6 is scraping wings,
1-1-7 is the hopper plate, and 1-1-8 is the hopper side plate,
1-2-1 is material loading three axle cylinders, and 1-2-2 is cross pressure head installing plate,
1-2-3 is the cross pressure head, and 1-2-4 is the hopper base plate,
1-2-5 is the cross filler, and 1-2-6 is cylindrical compression spring,
1-2-7 is cross filler stressed plate, and 1-2-8 is frame,
1-3-1 is the cross cone point, and 1-3-2 is the slide block output board,
1-3-3 is support ring aciculiform cylinder,
2-1 is transfer device, and 2-2 is positioner,
2-3 is knocking-over device,
2-1-1 is balance, and 2-1-2 is the barring-on guide pin bushing,
2-1-3 is the knocking over dish, and 2-1-4 is rotary cylinder,
2-1-5 is hoistable platform, and 2-1-6 is guide-post of die-set,
2-1-7 is cylindrical spring, and 2-1-8 is mold guide sleeve,
2-1-9 is base plate, and 2-1-10 is lift cylinder,
2-2-1 is alignment pin, and 2-2-2 is the location guide pin bushing,
2-2-3 is the positioning cylinder installing rack, and 2-2-4 is positioning cylinder,
2-3-1 is the knocking over push rod, and 2-3-2 is the knocking over cylinder.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO of the present invention comprises circle support ring module 1, barring-on knocking over module 2, base plate 3; Upper circle support ring module 1 and barring-on knocking over module 2 are fixedly installed on the base plate 3, and upper circle support ring module 1 is arranged at a side of barring-on knocking over module 2.
As shown in Figure 2, upper circle support ring module 1 comprises O type circle pay-off 1-1, O type circle feeding device 1-2, ring-supporting device 1-3, and O type circle pay-off 1-1 and ring-supporting device 1-3 are set up in parallel, and form respectively feeding station and support ring station; Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 connects O type circle feeding device 1-2 by slide block 1-5, and material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 can drive O type circle feeding device 1-2 and do reciprocating linear motion, and O type circle feeding device 1-2 is switched between two stations; Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 and slide block 1-5 realize supporting by frame 1-6;
When O type circle feeding device 1-2 was in the feeding station, O type circle pay-off 1-1 passed to O type circle feeding device 1-2 with the O RunddichtringO; Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 drives O type circle feeding device 1-2 and does reciprocating linear motion, and makes O type circle feeding device 1-2 move to the support ring station, by ring-supporting device 1-3 the O RunddichtringO is carried out the support ring action.
As shown in Figure 3, O type circle pay-off 1-1 comprises straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1, straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1 is arranged at the straight-line oscillation device and regulates on the frame 1-1-2, the straight-line oscillation device is regulated and is provided with the height adjusting nut on the frame 1-1-2, can regulate the height of straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1 by the height adjusting nut; Be equipped with on the straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1 for the Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 that places the O RunddichtringO, Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 is provided with hopper cover plate (not shown in FIG.); Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 is provided with two blowing nozzle 1-1-4, and a blowing nozzle 1-1-4 is arranged at the porch of Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3, and another blowing nozzle 1-1-4 is arranged at the place, centre position of Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3; The output of Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 docks with hopper side plate 1-1-8; The outside of hopper side plate 1-1-8 is fixedly installed feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5, and the slide block of feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 connects scraping wings 1-1-6, and feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 can promote scraping wings 1-1-6 and seesaw; The front side of scraping wings 1-1-6 is provided with hopper plate 1-1-7; Hopper side plate 1-1-8 is provided with the recess channels that cooperates with Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3, the U-shaped holding tank that the front end setting of scraping wings 1-1-6 cooperates with Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3, the scraping wings 1-1-6 recess channels of its U-shaped holding tank by hopper side plate 1-1-8 under original state is connected with Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3; Hopper plate 1-1-7 is provided with O type circle receiver hole;
Hopper plate 1-1-7 is fixedly installed on the hopper base plate 1-2-4, and hopper base plate 1-2-4 is flexibly connected cross filler 1-2-5 by cross recess; The cross recess center of hopper base plate 1-2-4 is over against the O type circle receiver hole center of hopper plate 1-1-7;
Two poles of cross filler 1-2-5 connect respectively the installing hole of cross filler stressed plate 1-2-7 by cylindrical compression spring 1-2-6; The side of cross filler stressed plate 1-2-7 is fixedly connected with hopper side plate 1-1-8, and the opposite side of cross filler stressed plate 1-2-7 is fixedly connected with the cylinder body of feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5; The cylinder body of feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 is fixedly installed on the frame 1-2-8.
As shown in Figure 4, O type circle feeding device 1-2 comprises material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1, the output of material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 connects cross pressure head installing plate 1-2-2, the bottom of cross pressure head installing plate 1-2-2 arranges cross pressure head 1-2-3, and material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 can drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and move up and down; As shown in figure 15, the lower end of cross pressure head 1-2-3 is the cross circular cone, forms step plane between cross circular cone and the cross pressure head 1-2-3; The bottom of cross circular cone is provided with annular groove.
When O type circle feeding device 1-2 was in the feeding station, cross pressure head 1-2-3 was positioned at the top of hopper base plate 1-2-4, and the center of cross pressure head 1-2-3 is over against the O type circle receiver hole center of hopper plate 1-1-7.
The operation principle of upper circle support ring module 1 is as follows:
Under original state, O type circle feeding device 1-2 is in the feeding station; Under the vibration force of straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1 drove, the O RunddichtringO travelled forward along the Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 of O type circle pay-off 1-1, to realize the self-feeding of O RunddichtringO; Make the intermittent air blowing of blowing nozzle 1-1-4, make the O RunddichtringO can more waltz through Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3, more smooth and easy to realize feeding; The O RunddichtringO enters in the U-shaped holding tank of scraping wings 1-1-6 through the recess channels of hopper side plate 1-1-8; Feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 promotes scraping wings 1-1-6 and travels forward, O RunddichtringO in the U-shaped holding tank is entered in the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate 1-1-7, realize good O RunddichtringO arranged sequentially is separated one by one, and one by one the O RunddichtringO is delivered to the O type circle receiver hole place of hopper plate 1-1-7, in order to be that the automatic charging of follow-up O RunddichtringO is ready;
The material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 of O type circle feeding device 1-2 drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and press down, the cross circular cone of cross pressure head 1-2-3 enters the cross recess of hopper base plate 1-2-4 by the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate 1-1-7, make the interior O RunddichtringO of O type circle receiver hole just be enclosed within the cross circular cone lower end of cross pressure head 1-2-3, the O RunddichtringO of this moment only has been stretched a little, can just be retracted in the annular groove place of cross pressure head 1-2-3 and is unlikely to come off; The O RunddichtringO that O type circle feeding device 1-2 will separate is one by one taken away one by one, in order to finish follow-up support ring, thus the automatic charging of realization O RunddichtringO, as shown in Figure 5;
After O type circle feeding device 1-2 received and comes from the O RunddichtringO of O type circle pay-off 1-1, material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 drove slide block 1-5 and realizes linear reciprocating motion, drove O type circle feeding device 1-2 and entered the support ring station so that the action of follow-up support ring.
As shown in Figure 6, ring-supporting device 1-3 comprises cross cone point 1-3-1, slide block output board 1-3-2, support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3, support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 is by the slide block (not shown) connection sliding block output board 1-3-2 of line slideway, and the top of slide block output board 1-3-2 connects cross cone point 1-3-1; Support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 can drive cross cone point 1-3-1 and vertically move up and down.
When O type circle feeding device 1-2 was in the support ring station, cross pressure head 1-2-3 was positioned at the top of cross cone point 1-3-1, and the center of cross pressure head 1-2-3 is over against the center of cross cone point 1-3-1.
As shown in Figure 7, the operation principle of ring-supporting device 1-3 is as follows:
The cross pressure head 1-2-3 of O type circle feeding device 1-2 is carrying the top that the O RunddichtringO moves to ring-supporting device 1-3, and the O RunddichtringO that realization will be taken away one by one is transferred to the support ring station; Support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 drives cross cone point 1-3-1 and rises to highest point, shown in Fig. 7 a;
Material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and press down, and utilize the tapering of cross pressure head 1-2-3 and the tapering of cross cone point 1-3-1 that the O RunddichtringO is supportted greatly, and the O RunddichtringO is passed on the barring-on knocking over module 2, shown in Fig. 7 b;
Material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and rise, and support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 drives cross cone point 1-3-1 and descends, and the O RunddichtringO is stretched and is retained on the barring-on knocking over module 2, realizes the purpose of support ring, shown in Fig. 7 c.
As shown in Figure 8, barring-on knocking over module 2 comprises transfer device 2-1, positioner 2-2 and knocking-over device 2-3; Transfer device 2-1 is provided with positioner 2-2; Transfer device 2-1 forms two stations (being support ring station and knocking over station), and one of them station (knocking over station) arranges knocking-over device 2-3; The effect of barring-on knocking over module 2 is that the O RunddichtringO that will support after large is transferred to the knocking over station, and the O RunddichtringO after large with support breaks away from and make it be enclosed within corresponding workpiece groove to be assembled, realizes the automatic assembling function of workpiece and O RunddichtringO.
As shown in Figure 9, transfer device 2-1 comprises balance 2-1-1, barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, knocking over dish 2-1-3, rotary cylinder 2-1-4, hoistable platform 2-1-5, guide-post of die-set 2-1-6, cylindrical spring 2-1-7, mold guide sleeve 2-1-8, base plate 2-1-9, lift cylinder 2-1-10;
The bottom of hoistable platform 2-1-5 connects four guide-post of die-set 2-1-6, guide-post of die-set 2-1-6 is arranged in the mold guide sleeve 2-1-8, four mold guide sleeve 2-1-8 fixedly are embedded on the base plate 2-1-9, can keep accurately position to guarantee that hoistable platform 2-1-5 does not rock also in lifting; Be arranged with cylindrical spring 2-1-7 on the guide-post of die-set 2-1-6, play cushioning effect;
The bottom of hoistable platform 2-1-5 connects lift cylinder 2-1-10, lift cylinder 2-1-10 can drive hoistable platform 2-1-5 and on part move up and down together;
Be fixedly installed rotary cylinder 2-1-4 on the hoistable platform 2-1-5, be provided with balance 2-1-1 on the revolving dial of rotary cylinder 2-1-4, be symmetrically arranged with two barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 on the balance 2-1-1, be arranged with respectively a knocking over dish 2-1-3 on each barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2; The bottom of knocking over dish 2-1-3 connects balance 2-1-1 by a plurality of back-moving springs;
Barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 be provided with four axially grooved, the fluting of barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 and the cross cone of ring-supporting device 1-3 point 1-3-1 matches, cross cone point 1-3-1 stretches in the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, as shown in Figure 7; O RunddichtringO after support is large is enclosed within on the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2.
Lift cylinder 2-1-10 drives hoistable platform 2-1-5 and moves up and down, and rotary cylinder 2-1-4 drives 180 ° of reciprocating rotaries that balance 2-1-1 realizes barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, and barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 is switched between support ring station and knocking over station.
As shown in figure 10, lift cylinder 2-1-10 drops to minimum state, the alignment pin 2-2-1 of positioner 2-2 extracts from balance 2-1-1 simultaneously, rotary cylinder 2-1-4 drives balance 2-1-1 and horizontally rotates 180 °, the O RunddichtringO that support is large is finished the barring-on of O RunddichtringO from the support ring Switch of working position to the knocking over station.
As shown in figure 11, positioner 2-2 comprises alignment pin 2-2-1, location guide pin bushing 2-2-2, positioning cylinder installing rack 2-2-3, positioning cylinder 2-2-4, the bottom of alignment pin 2-2-1 connects the piston rod of positioning cylinder 2-2-4, alignment pin 2-2-1 is arranged in the guide pin bushing 2-2-2 of location, realizes being slidingly matched between alignment pin 2-2-1 and the location guide pin bushing 2-2-2; Location guide pin bushing 2-2-2 is fixedly installed on the end face of hoistable platform 2-1-5; The cylinder body of positioning cylinder 2-2-4 is fixedly installed on the positioning cylinder installing rack 2-2-3, and positioning cylinder installing rack 2-2-3 is fixedly installed on the bottom surface of hoistable platform 2-1-5;
Be symmetrically arranged with two locating holes on the balance 2-1-1, locating hole is used for the alignment pin 2-2-1 of connection locator 2-2; When alignment pin 2-2-1 stretched in the locating hole of balance 2-1-1, positioner 2-2 can realize circumferential registration to the balance 2-1-1 of transfer device 2-1, as shown in figure 13.
As shown in figure 12, knocking-over device 2-3 comprises knocking over push rod 2-3-1, knocking over cylinder 2-3-2, knocking over push rod 2-3-1 connects the piston rod of knocking over cylinder 2-3-2, and the cylinder body of knocking over cylinder 2-3-2 is fixedly installed on the hoistable platform 2-1-5, and be positioned at the knocking over station barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 under.
Knocking over push rod 2-3-1 moves upward, the knocking over dish 2-1-3 that promotes the knocking over station moves upward along barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, thereby the O RunddichtringO is pushed out from barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, so that the O RunddichtringO packs into corresponding workpiece, realize the knocking over function, as shown in figure 14; Knocking over cylinder 2-3-2 retraction, drive knocking over push rod 2-3-1 descends and breaks away from knocking over dish 2-1-3, and then straight down motion under the effect of back-moving spring of knocking over dish 2-1-3 returns to its inactive state.
To shown in Figure 20, the automatic assembly method of O RunddichtringO of the present invention may further comprise the steps such as Figure 16:
The first step, the feeding of O RunddichtringO;
Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 drives O type circle feeding device 1-2 and is in the feeding station; The straight-line oscillation device 1-1-1 of O type circle pay-off 1-1 makes the O RunddichtringO travel forward along Straight line unit hopper 1-1-3 under the booster action of blowing nozzle 1-1-4, enters in the U-shaped holding tank of scraping wings 1-1-6; Feeding slipway cylinder 1-1-5 promotes scraping wings 1-1-6 and travels forward, and the O RunddichtringO is sent into from U-shaped holding tank in the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate 1-1-7, realizes the self-feeding of O RunddichtringO;
Second step, the material loading of O RunddichtringO;
The material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 of O type circle feeding device 1-2 drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and press down, cross pressure head 1-2-3 stretches into the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate 1-1-7, make the O RunddichtringO be enclosed within cross pressure head 1-2-3 place, finish the O RunddichtringO from the handing-over of O type circle pay-off 1-1 to O type circle feeding device 1-2, realize the automatic charging of O RunddichtringO;
The 3rd step, the support ring of O RunddichtringO;
Material loading aciculiform cylinder 1-4 drives O type circle feeding device 1-2 and switches to the support ring station; The support ring aciculiform cylinder 1-3-3 of ring-supporting device 1-3 drives cross cone point 1-3-1 and rises, and the material loading three axle cylinder 1-2-1 of O type circle feeding device 1-2 drive cross pressure head 1-2-3 and press down; When cross pressure head 1-2-3 contacts with cross cone point 1-3-1, utilize the tapering of cross pressure head 1-2-3 and the tapering of cross cone point 1-3-1, the O RunddichtringO is supportted greatly gradually, and the O RunddichtringO is passed on the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 of support ring station of barring-on knocking over module 2, realize the support ring of O RunddichtringO;
The step plane of cross pressure head 1-2-3 can be pushed down the O RunddichtringO, makes on its fluting periphery that rests on barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2;
The 4th step, the barring-on of O RunddichtringO;
The rotary cylinder 2-1-4 of transfer device 2-1 drives balance 2-1-1 rotation, and the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 that carries the O RunddichtringO is switched on the knocking over station, realizes the barring-on of O RunddichtringO;
Workpiece to be assembled is placed on cover to be had in the endoporus of the barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2 that supports large O RunddichtringO;
The 5th step, the knocking over of O RunddichtringO;
The knocking over push rod 2-3-1 of knocking-over device 2-3 moves upward, the knocking over dish 2-1-3 that promotes the knocking over station moves upward along barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, thereby the O RunddichtringO is broken away from from barring-on guide pin bushing 2-1-2, the O RunddichtringO that breaks away from away just bounces back to the groove of workpiece, make the O RunddichtringO pack into corresponding workpiece, realize the knocking over of O RunddichtringO, finish the automatic assembling of workpiece and O RunddichtringO.

Claims (10)

1. the automatic assembling apparatus of an O RunddichtringO is characterized in that: comprise circle support ring module (1), barring-on knocking over module (2);
Upper circle support ring module (1) comprises O type circle pay-off (1-1), O type circle feeding device (1-2), ring-supporting device (1-3), and O type circle pay-off (1-1) is set up in parallel with ring-supporting device (1-3), forms respectively feeding station and support ring station; Material loading aciculiform cylinder (1-4) connects O type circle feeding device (1-2) by slide block (1-5), material loading aciculiform cylinder (1-4) can drive O type circle feeding device (1-2) and do reciprocating linear motion, and O type circle feeding device (1-2) is switched between two stations;
When O type circle feeding device (1-2) was in the feeding station, O type circle pay-off (1-1) passed to O type circle feeding device (1-2) with the O RunddichtringO; Material loading aciculiform cylinder (1-4) drives O type circle feeding device (1-2) and moves to the support ring station, by ring-supporting device (1-3) the O RunddichtringO is carried out the support ring action;
Barring-on knocking over module (2) comprises transfer device (2-1), and transfer device (2-1) forms support ring station and knocking over station, and the knocking over station arranges knocking-over device (2-3); Ring-supporting device (1-3) passes to barring-on knocking over module (2) with the O RunddichtringO, O RunddichtringO after barring-on knocking over module (2) will support greatly is transferred to the knocking over station from the support ring station, and the O RunddichtringO disengaging after large with support makes its groove that is enclosed within workpiece to be assembled, the automatic assembling of realization workpiece and O RunddichtringO.
2. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described O type circle pay-off (1-1) comprises straight-line oscillation device (1-1-1), and Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3) is installed on the straight-line oscillation device (1-1-1); The output of Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3) docks with hopper side plate (1-1-8); The outside of hopper side plate (1-1-8) is fixedly installed feeding slipway cylinder (1-1-5), and the slide block of feeding slipway cylinder (1-1-5) connects scraping wings (1-1-6), and feeding slipway cylinder (1-1-5) can promote scraping wings (1-1-6) and seesaw; The front side of scraping wings (1-1-6) is provided with hopper plate (1-1-7);
Hopper side plate (1-1-8) is provided with the recess channels that cooperates with Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3), the U-shaped holding tank that the front end setting of scraping wings (1-1-6) cooperates with Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3), scraping wings (1-1-6) recess channels of its U-shaped holding tank by hopper side plate (1-1-8) under original state is connected with Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3);
Hopper plate (1-1-7) is provided with O type circle receiver hole.
3. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described hopper plate (1-1-7) is fixedly installed on the hopper base plate (1-2-4), and hopper base plate (1-2-4) is flexibly connected cross filler (1-2-5) by cross recess; The cross recess center of hopper base plate (1-2-4) is over against the O type circle receiver hole center of hopper plate (1-1-7);
Two poles of cross filler (1-2-5) connect cross filler stressed plate (1-2-7) by cylindrical compression spring (1-2-6) respectively.
4. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3) is provided with blowing nozzle 1-1-4; Described blowing nozzle (1-1-4) is arranged at the porch of Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3) and/or the place, centre position of Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3).
5. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described O type circle feeding device (1-2) comprises material loading three axle cylinders (1-2-1), the output of material loading three axle cylinders (1-2-1) connects cross pressure head (1-2-3), and material loading three axle cylinders (1-2-1) can drive cross pressure head (1-2-3) and move up and down; The lower end of described cross pressure head (1-2-3) is the cross circular cone, forms step plane between cross circular cone and the cross pressure head (1-2-3); The bottom of cross circular cone is provided with annular groove.
6. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ring-supporting device (1-3) comprises cross cone point (1-3-1), slide block output board (1-3-2), support ring aciculiform cylinder (1-3-3), support ring aciculiform cylinder (1-3-3) connection sliding block output board (1-3-2), the top of slide block output board (1-3-2) connects cross cone point (1-3-1); Support ring aciculiform cylinder (1-3-3) can drive cross cone point (1-3-1) and vertically move up and down.
7. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described transfer device (2-1) comprises balance (2-1-1), barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2), knocking over dish (2-1-3), rotary cylinder (2-1-4), hoistable platform (2-1-5), lift cylinder (2-1-10);
The bottom of hoistable platform (2-1-5) connects lift cylinder (2-1-10), lift cylinder (2-1-10) can drive hoistable platform (2-1-5) and on part move up and down together;
Be fixedly installed rotary cylinder (2-1-4) on the hoistable platform (2-1-5), be provided with balance (2-1-1) on the revolving dial of rotary cylinder (2-1-4), be symmetrically arranged with two barring-on guide pin bushings (2-1-2) on the balance (2-1-1), be arranged with respectively a knocking over dish (2-1-3) on each barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2);
Barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2) be provided with four axially grooved, the cross cone point (1-3-1) of the fluting of barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2) and ring-supporting device (1-3) matches, cross cone point (1-3-1) stretches in the barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2); O RunddichtringO after support is large is enclosed within on the barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2).
8. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described transfer device (2-1) is provided with positioner (2-2); Described positioner (2-2) comprises alignment pin (2-2-1), location guide pin bushing (2-2-2), positioning cylinder installing rack (2-2-3), positioning cylinder (2-2-4), the bottom of alignment pin (2-2-1) connects the piston rod of positioning cylinder (2-2-4), alignment pin (2-2-1) is arranged in the location guide pin bushing (2-2-2), realizes being slidingly matched between alignment pin (2-2-1) and the location guide pin bushing (2-2-2);
Be symmetrically arranged with two locating holes on the described balance (2-1-1), locating hole is used for the alignment pin (2-2-1) of connection locator (2-2); When alignment pin (2-2-1) stretched in the locating hole of balance (2-1-1), positioner (2-2) can be realized circumferential registration to the balance (2-1-1) of transfer device (2-1).
9. the automatic assembling apparatus of O RunddichtringO according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described knocking-over device (2-3) comprises knocking over push rod (2-3-1), knocking over cylinder (2-3-2), knocking over push rod (2-3-1) connects the piston rod of knocking over cylinder (2-3-2), knocking over cylinder (2-3-2) be positioned at the knocking over station barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2) under.
10. the automatic assembly method of an O RunddichtringO is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
The first step, the feeding of O RunddichtringO;
Material loading aciculiform cylinder (1-4) drives O type circle feeding device (1-2) and is in the feeding station; The straight-line oscillation device (1-1-1) of O type circle pay-off (1-1) makes the O RunddichtringO travel forward along Straight line unit hopper (1-1-3), enters in the U-shaped holding tank of scraping wings (1-1-6); Feeding slipway cylinder (1-1-5) promotes scraping wings (1-1-6) and travels forward, and the O RunddichtringO is sent into from U-shaped holding tank in the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate (1-1-7), realizes the self-feeding of O RunddichtringO;
Second step, the material loading of O RunddichtringO;
The material loading three axle cylinders (1-2-1) of O type circle feeding device (1-2) drive cross pressure head (1-2-3) and press down, cross pressure head (1-2-3) stretches into the O type circle receiver hole of hopper plate (1-1-7), making the O RunddichtringO be enclosed within cross pressure head (1-2-3) locates, finish the handing-over of O RunddichtringO from O type circle pay-off (1-1) to O type circle feeding device (1-2), realize the automatic charging of O RunddichtringO;
The 3rd step, the support ring of O RunddichtringO;
Material loading aciculiform cylinder (1-4) drives O type circle feeding device (1-2) and switches to the support ring station; The support ring aciculiform cylinder (1-3-3) of ring-supporting device (1-3) drives cross cone point (1-3-1) and rises, and the material loading three axle cylinders (1-2-1) of O type circle feeding device (1-2) drive cross pressure head (1-2-3) and press down; When cross pressure head (1-2-3) and cross cone point (1-3-1) when contacting, utilize the tapering of cross pressure head (1-2-3) and the tapering of cross cone point (1-3-1), the O RunddichtringO is supportted greatly gradually, and the O RunddichtringO is passed on the barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2) of support ring station of barring-on knocking over module 2, realize the support ring of O RunddichtringO;
The 4th step, the barring-on of O RunddichtringO;
The rotary cylinder (2-1-4) of transfer device (2-1) drives balance (2-1-1) rotation, and the barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2) that carries the O RunddichtringO is switched on the knocking over station, realizes the barring-on of O RunddichtringO;
Workpiece to be assembled is placed on cover to be had in the endoporus of the barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2) that supports large O RunddichtringO;
The 5th step, the knocking over of O RunddichtringO;
The knocking over push rod (2-3-1) of knocking-over device (2-3) moves upward, the knocking over dish (2-1-3) that promotes the knocking over station moves upward along barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2), thereby the O RunddichtringO is broken away from from barring-on guide pin bushing (2-1-2), the O RunddichtringO that breaks away from away just bounces back to the groove of workpiece, make the O RunddichtringO pack into corresponding workpiece, realize the knocking over of O RunddichtringO, finish the automatic assembling of workpiece and O RunddichtringO.
CN201310299746.2A 2013-07-17 2013-07-17 Automatic assembly device and method of O-type sealing ring Expired - Fee Related CN103317336B (en)

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CN106334933A (en) * 2016-11-15 2017-01-18 浙江大学台州研究院 Miniature O-ring automatic assembling machine
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