Summary of the invention
For overcoming above-mentioned defect, the technical issues that need to address of the present invention are: provide a kind of cleaning machine, and this cleaning machine effectively can realize fines that part adheres to and part is separated, and structural compactness is good.
For solveing the technical problem, technical scheme of the present invention: a kind of cleaning machine, comprise the cleaning case and liquid reserve tank that communicate, the part Transfer pipe by cleaning case is provided with in cleaning machine, part Transfer pipe is provided with parts transferring apparatus, it is characterized in that: what be provided with Part-oriented Transfer pipe in the bottom of cleaning case rushes liquid device, and rush liquid device and communicated with liquid reserve tank by woven hose, woven hose is provided with hydraulic pump; Part Transfer pipe ringwise, and is vertically arranged.In the use procedure of this cleaning machine, all contain cleaning fluid in cleaning case and liquid reserve tank, between cleaning case and liquid reserve tank, be provided with circulation line, circulated between cleaning case and liquid reserve tank for cleaning fluid.Part Transfer pipe by cleaning case, should be positioned at cleaning case cleaning liquid inside liquid level below, to need the part by cleaning to be immersed in cleaning fluid.Parts transferring apparatus needs by the part cleaned for containing, and part is sent to the relative stations place in cleaning machine by parts transferring apparatus, to carry out relevant treatment to part.Rushing liquid device take cleaning fluid as working media, cleaning fluid sprays from rushing in liquid device after the pressurization of hydraulic pump, and act on part that parts transferring apparatus contains, the cleaning fluid of high pressure can make the position of part on parts transferring apparatus that violent change occurs, thus reaching the object that part is separated with impurity phase, the impurity after separation enters into cleaning fluid.
As preferably, rush liquid device and comprise and box-like rush liquid head, the liquid level that rushes rushing liquid head Part-oriented Transfer pipe is provided with some penetrating open-works; Rush liquid head to be communicated with woven hose by communicating pipe.Rush liquid first as be fixed on the bottom surface of cleaning case by welding method.
As preferably, rushing liquid head is the quadrangular bodily form, and communicating pipe is two, communicating pipe from the both sides rushing liquid head width direction with rush liquid head and be connected.This contributes to the even of each through hole cleaning liquid inside flow.
As preferably, be provided with flusher in the outside of part Transfer pipe, flusher is positioned at the downstream rushing liquid device, and flusher is communicated with liquid reserve tank by pipeline, and pipeline is provided with fluid pump, and flusher is positioned at the top of cleaning case.Clean when being transmitted in complete part self-cleaning liquid in cleaning case, the surface of top layer part also easily adheres to sometimes the impurity in some cleaning fluids, set flusher can utilize cleaning fluid these Impurity removals.
As preferably, flusher comprises the pedestal of hollow, and base interior communicates with pipeline, and impact faces is provided with some syringe pipes communicated with base interior to the flushing surface of part Transfer pipe, and pedestal is for being obliquely installed.The pedestal be obliquely installed can make all syringe pipes form larger flushing surface, is convenient to the part on cap piece Transfer pipe.
As preferably.Also comprise drying unit, drying unit comprises housing and the air blast be located in housing and heating wire, and housing is provided with the air outlet towards part Transfer pipe, and heating wire is between air blast and air outlet, and drying unit is positioned at the downstream of flusher.This effectively can reduce the time that part stops in cleaning machine, improves the operating speed of cleaning machine.
As preferably, parts transferring apparatus comprises that vertically arrange, discoidal actuator, actuator is radially fixed with some support bars, the outer end of support bar reaches the outside of actuator, the outer end of support bar is fixed with shaft-like cantilever, cantilever is arranged along the axis of actuator, and cantilever is hung with suspender actively.Discoidal actuator has adapted to the work requirements of circular ring-shaped member Transfer pipe well, support bar the size that can effectively reduce actuator is set, facilitate the rotation of actuator.
As preferably, the structure of suspender comprises the container of sleeve pipe, pull bar and loose structure, pull bar joint sleeve and container; The outer peripheral face at medium position place, jib-length direction is provided with cannelure, and on shell clearance ground socket cantilever, sleeve pipe is positioned at cannelure simultaneously with gap; The medial surface of cannelure is perpendicular to the axis of cannelure, and the lateral surface of cannelure is obliquely installed outside cantilever, and the periphery of cantilever outer end is provided with fillet surface.Suspender has better positional stability on cantilever, is convenient to suspender hanging at cantilever, and facilitates the disengaging between suspender and cantilever, be convenient to charging and the discharging of part.
As preferably, communicated by fluid-through tube between described cleaning case and liquid reserve tank, the import of fluid-through tube is positioned at cleaning case, the outlet of fluid-through tube is positioned at liquid reserve tank, exit position place in fluid-through tube in liquid reserve tank is provided with dustpan-shaped mesh screen, the oral area of mesh screen towards fluid-through tube outlet and press close to the inner surface of liquid reserve tank, mesh screen is connected for detachable with liquid reserve tank.Mesh screen is dustpan-shaped, refer to mesh screen have one bottom and three gussets, bottom and gusset are connected as a single entity and make mesh screen constitute dust pan shape, the oral area that the sidepiece of mesh screen is not having the position of gusset to define mesh screen.Cleaning fluid by screen filtration, can reduce the pressure to cleaning fluid contaminant filter in liquid reserve tank before entering into liquid reserve tank, was convenient to clear up the impurity in cleaning fluid.
As preferably, be provided with some dividing plates be set up in parallel in liquid reserve tank, these dividing plates are separated into multiple chamber liquid reserve tank, and the upper end side of dividing plate is provided with gap; Between two pieces of dividing plates that at least one pair of is adjacent, be provided with gear bubble plate, gear bubble plate is relative to the height adjustable of liquid reserve tank bottom surface; Described woven hose communicates with most downstream chamber in liquid reserve tank.Multiple chamber contributes to the progressively precipitation of impurity in cleaning fluid, gap overflows to downstream chamber from upstream chamber for cleaning fluid, gear bubble plate for stop and to eliminate on cleaning fluid liquid level the foam that floats, gear bubble plate height is adjustable gear is steeped the different gear of plate adaptation cleaning fluid liquid level steeps, froth breaking requirement.
Therefore, beneficial effect of the present invention: woven hose is connected with hydraulic pump, hydraulic pump provides high-pressure cleaning liquid by woven hose for rushing liquid head, when the part be deposited on parts transferring apparatus is positioned at the top rushing liquid head, violent change can be there is in the position of finding on parts transferring apparatus, strong the washing away of high-pressure cleaning liquid can be stood in the surface of large part, the impurity such as the metal fines that part adheres to can realize and being fully separated of part, thus effectively can realize the cleaning of part, ensure that the cleaning performance of part.Utilize high-pressure cleaning liquid to clean part, the cleaning speed of part is fast, and the setting of parts transferring apparatus also significantly reduces the labour intensity of operative employee.The part Transfer pipe of annular is vertically arranged, this cleaning machine can be enable to make full use of space on chamber height, reduce taking indoor horizontal director space, the useful space of this cleaning machine to indoor takies little, effectively can improve indoor space availability ratio.
Detailed description of the invention
See Fig. 1, the structure of this cleaning machine comprises cleaning case 5, liquid reserve tank 1, parts transferring apparatus 7, rushes liquid device, flusher 9 and drying unit 8.In cleaning machine, be provided with part Transfer pipe, part Transfer pipe ringwise, and is vertically arranged.Part Transfer pipe is by the inside of cleaning case 5, and parts transferring apparatus 7 is arranged on part Transfer pipe, and parts transferring apparatus 7 is each station place needing to be sent to by the part cleaned in cleaning machine.The inherent part Transfer pipe of cleaning machine walk upwards to be provided with successively feed station, cleaning, flushing station, drying station, discharging station.Due to part Transfer pipe ringwise, above-mentioned feed station and discharging station overlap, the same position charging namely on part self-cleaning machine and discharging.In this cleaning machine, described part Transfer pipe is not state based on concrete structure, and this part Transfer pipe is formed in the annular space of cleaning machine inside, and following suspender 73 is advanced in this space.
See Fig. 1,2, the described liquid device that rushes is the bottom being arranged on cleaning machine cleaning case 5, and this rushes liquid device and is connected with hydraulic pump 3, by the promotion of hydraulic pump 3, in rushing the eddy current forming comparatively violent cleaning fluid above liquid device in cleaning case 5.Be equipped with that the cleaning machine rushing liquid device may be used for cleaning relatively little part, the part of some is contained in the suspender 73 li of porous, suspender 73 is submerged in the cleaning fluid in cleaning case 5, when suspender 73 is positioned at and rushes directly over liquid device, rush the part of the vortex disturbance suspender 73 li that liquid device produces, part can roll at suspender 73 turning in, and achieves being fully separated between impurity with part.
The structure of rushing liquid device comprises rushes liquid head 31 and communicating pipe 35, and rush in liquid head 31 and be formed with cavity, this cavity communicated with communicating pipe 35, and communicating pipe 35 is communicated with liquid reserve tank 1 by woven hose 4, and woven hose 4 is provided with hydraulic pump 3.Rush liquid head 31 has a Part-oriented Transfer pipe rush liquid level 32, be provided with some penetrating open-works 33 rushing on liquid level 32, open-work 33 is generally circle, and the diameter of open-work 33 is at 1 cm.
What to rush liquid head 31 be the quadrangular bodily form is box-like, thus is convenient to stably be welded on rush liquid head 31 on the bottom surface of cleaning case 5, rush on liquid head 31 rush liquid level 32 be formed in rush liquid head 31 Part-oriented Transfer pipe surface on.Communicating pipe 35 is two, this two communicating pipe 35 from the relative both sides rushing liquid head 31 width respectively with rush liquid head 31 and be connected, make when rushing liquid device work, the flow of each open-work 33 cleaning liquid inside reaches unanimity.
A threeway 36 is connected with the outer end of two communicating pipe 35 simultaneously, and another link of this threeway 36 is used for being connected with woven hose 4.
Rush the assembling of liquid device for convenience, communicating pipe 35 and rushing between liquid head 31, and the connection all realized between them by elbow 34 between communicating pipe 35 and threeway 36.Be be applied in for rushing liquid to part on cleaning machine owing to rushing liquid device, the size of rushing liquid device is relatively large, rushes the assembling of liquid device for convenience, and described communicating pipe 35 is generally flexible pipe.For adapting to the requirement of communicating pipe 35 transferring high voltage cleaning fluid, be enclosed with metal armouring structure in the periphery of communicating pipe 35, to increase the voltage endurance capability of communicating pipe 35.
See Fig. 1,11,12,13, the structure of described parts transferring apparatus 7 comprises actuator 71 and some suspenders 73, suspender 73 is hung on actuator 71, and need by the part cleaned for containing in suspender 73, actuator 71 drives on the part Transfer pipe of suspender 73 in cleaning machine and advances.
The agent structure of suspender 73 is the container 78 of porous, and this container 78 is mainly made up by mode that is bending, welding of metallic framework and wire netting.Container 78 is welded with pull bar 77, pull bar 77 reaches the outside of container 78, and the outer end of pull bar 77 is welded with sleeve pipe 76, and sleeve pipe 76 is arranged along the width of container 78.This suspender 73 is convenient to contain part, and the part contained fully can contact with cleaning fluid, and is convenient to dry the complete part of cleaning.
Actuator 71 is in the form of annular discs, and for being adapted to the part Transfer pipe vertically arranged, discoid actuator 71 is vertically arranged, and can around its central axis.Actuator 71 is provided with in some cantilever 74(figure and is shown as four), cantilever 74 is in shaft-like, and cantilever 74 is arranged along the axis of actuator 71, suspended suspender 73 on every cantilever 74.Suspender 73 is hung after on cantilever 74, and the sleeve pipe 76 on suspender 73 is socketed on cantilever 74 with gap.Utilize sleeve pipe 76 to be socketed on shaft-like cantilever 74 with gap, structure is simple, can adapt to the requirement that actuator 71 is sent to suspender 73 aiming station in rotation process well.
For ensureing the stability of suspender 73 axial location on cantilever 74, the outer peripheral face at cantilever 74 length direction medium position place is provided with cannelure 75, the length of this cannelure 75 is greater than the length of sleeve pipe 76 on suspender 73, and sleeve pipe 76 is socketed in after on cantilever 74, and sleeve pipe 76 is positioned at cannelure 75.Wherein, the medial surface of cannelure 75 is perpendicular to the axis of cannelure 75, and the lateral surface of cannelure 75 is obliquely installed outside cantilever 74.This medial surface of cannelure 75 defines the axial location of suspender 73 on cantilever 74 well, in order to avoid suspender 73 collides with actuator 71 in the course of the work; This lateral surface of cannelure 75 is convenient to sleeve pipe 76 and is thrown off with cantilever 74 phase, facilitates the discharging of cleaning machine.The peripheral region of cantilever 74 outer end is provided with the fillet surface of annular, this fillet surface be arranged so that the size of cantilever 74 outer end diminishes, be convenient to sleeve pipe 76 cover and receive on cantilever 74.
The support bar 72 consistent with cantilever 74 number is fixed with at the back side of actuator 71, support bar 72 is arranged along the radial direction of actuator 71, the outer end of support bar 72 reaches the outside of actuator 71, a cantilever 74 is fixed on the outer end of a support bar 72, and the outer end of cantilever 74 extend into the front of actuator 71.Hang after on cantilever 74 at suspender 73, suspender 73 is positioned at the side, front of actuator 71, and namely suspender 73 and support bar 72 points are listed in the relative both sides of actuator 71 axis.Be provided with support bar 72, the size of actuator 71 can be effectively reduced, be convenient to the rotation of actuator 71.And support bar 72 and the relative position of suspender 73, effectively can avoid interfering in the course of the work between suspender 73 and support bar 72, contribute to ensureing that suspender 73 in the course of the work smooth and easy is advanced.
See Fig. 1,3,4,5,6, together with cleaning case 5 is set up in parallel with liquid reserve tank 1, communicated by fluid-through tube and above-mentioned woven hose 4 between cleaning case 5 and liquid reserve tank 1, under the promotion of hydraulic pump 3 set by woven hose 4, cleaning fluid circulates between cleaning case 5 and liquid reserve tank 1.For the part Transfer pipe of suitable annular, the upper oral part of cleaning case 5 is enlarging shape.All accommodate cleaning fluid in cleaning case 5 and liquid reserve tank 1, some structural measures by inside in liquid reserve tank 1 carry out froth breaking or filtration to cleaning fluid.
Cleaning case 5 and liquid reserve tank 1 close to each other, fluid-through tube is communicated with cleaning case 5 and liquid reserve tank 1 on certain height, the import of fluid-through tube is positioned at cleaning case 5, the outlet 17 of fluid-through tube is positioned at liquid reserve tank 1, the outlet 17 of fluid-through tube is higher than the bottom surface of liquid reserve tank 1, and the import of fluid-through tube is higher than the bottom surface of cleaning case 5.
Outlet 17 place in fluid-through tube in liquid reserve tank 1 is provided with mesh screen 16, and mesh screen 16 is in dustpan-shaped, and the oral area 162 of this mesh screen 16 is towards the outlet 17 of fluid-through tube, and the oral area 162 of mesh screen 16 presses close to the inner surface of liquid reserve tank 1.Be detachable connection between mesh screen 16 and liquid reserve tank 1, namely can facilitate and mesh screen 16 is taken out, to topple over the filtrate in mesh screen 16 in liquid reserve tank 1.Under normal circumstances, arrange one piece of shelf in the corresponding position of liquid reserve tank 1, mesh screen 16 is directly shelved on the shelf.Mesh screen 16 is provided with shaft-like handle 161, mesh screen 16 is taken out in liquid reserve tank 1.
Be separated into multiple chamber 11 by polylith dividing plate 15 in liquid reserve tank 1, the upper end side of dividing plate 15 is provided with the gap 14 of rectangle, and cleaning fluid is overflow in downstream chamber 11 by gap 14 in upstream chamber 11.Multiple chamber 11 is due to the obstruct of dividing plate 15, and the cavity that each self-forming one is stable, be convenient to impel the stable of cleaning fluid self, the impurity contributed in cleaning fluid precipitates in each chamber 11.Spill in downstream chamber 11 by arranging the gap 14 with certain height for upper strata cleaning fluid in chamber 11; the upper strata of chamber 11 cleaning liquid inside is comparatively clean; after cleaning fluid flows through each chamber 11 successively, and obtain purification to a certain extent, this is conducive to protecting hydraulic pump 3.
Between two pieces of dividing plates 15 that at least one pair of is adjacent, arrange gear bubble plate 12, be provided with crossbeam 13 between these two pieces of dividing plates 15, gear bubble plate 12 is removably fixed on crossbeam 13.Have interval between gear bubble plate 12 and the bottom surface of liquid reserve tank 1, in the application of reality, the bottom of gear bubble plate 12 is corresponding with the liquid level of liquid reserve tank 1 cleaning liquid inside, namely the gear lower end of steeping plate 12 close to cleaning fluid liquid level or be slightly inserted into cleaning fluid liquid level below.The setting of gear bubble plate 12 be for stop on cleaning fluid liquid level the foam that floats, in order to avoid foam enters in hydraulic pump 3, and have influence on the normal work of hydraulic pump 3.The setting of gear bubble plate 12 also can be eliminated foam in certain degree.In the application of reality, the liquid level of cleaning fluid is in the state of change owing to consuming or add cleaning fluid, for adapting to this change, requires the height adjustable of gear bubble plate 12 in the vertical direction.Therefore, gear bubble plate 12 is provided with some installing holes 18, and these installing holes 18 are arranged along the depth direction of liquid reserve tank 1.Take gear apart and steep plate 12, different installing holes 18 is fixed with described crossbeam 13, complete the adjustment to gear bubble plate 12 height, and make gear bubble plate 12 adapt to aforementioned claim.
Due to the precipitation of multiple chambers 11 pairs of cleaning fluids, the cleaning fluid entered in most downstream chamber 11 is farthest purified, and therefore, described woven hose 4 directly communicates with the chamber 11 of most downstream.
For effectively ensureing the cleaning efficiency of cleaning fluid, in liquid reserve tank 1, can electric heater unit being set, remaining in certain temperature to enable cleaning fluid and part is cleaned.
See Fig. 1,7,8, in cleaning machine, have flusher 9 in the arranged outside of part Transfer pipe, flusher 9 is positioned at the downstream rushing liquid device on part Transfer pipe, and flusher 9 is positioned at the top of cleaning case 5.
The structure of flusher 9 comprises the pedestal 91 of hollow and the some syringe pipes 93 be located on pedestal 91, the inside of pedestal 91 communicates with pipeline 6, pipeline 6 communicates with the chamber 11 of most downstream in liquid reserve tank 1, pipeline 6 is provided with fluid pump 2, utilize fluid pump 2 and the cleaning fluid after pressurized is pushed in syringe pipe 93, and ejecting in syringe pipe 93.
Pedestal 91 is the box-like of the quadrangular bodily form, and pipeline 6 is connected with pedestal 91 from a side of pedestal 91, this facilitate that the setting of pedestal 91 and fixes.Be provided with some through holes communicated with pedestal 91 inside on the surface at one of pedestal 91, described syringe pipe 93 is installed in through hole, and each syringe pipe 93 is arranged in a through hole.
Pedestal 91 is arranged on cleaning machine in skewed, under the prerequisite of syringe pipe 93 constant number, this effectively can improve the flushing surface that these syringe pipes 93 are formed, so that syringe pipe 93 does not rinse the part be contained in together with not staying dead angle, both ensure that developing result, and suitably can expand again the scope of application of cleaning machine.
For adapting to this set form that pedestal 91 tilts, the oral area 162 of pedestal 91 upper end side through hole is provided with O shape circle 92, the function of this O shape circle 92 is equivalent to also can eject cleaning fluid in syringe pipe 93, O shape circle 92.And the height of set syringe pipe 93 is less than the height of set syringe pipe 93 in pedestal 91 lower end side through hole in pedestal 91 medium position place through hole.With part Transfer pipe in cleaning machine for reference, the upper end side of pedestal 91 is closer to the part Transfer pipe in cleaning machine, and like this, syringe pipe 93 certainly can be contained in above part together and rinse part.Also instead of syringe pipe 93 owing to utilizing O shape to enclose 92, the height of O shape circle 92 on pedestal 91 is substantially negligible, and the interior set syringe pipe 93 of diverse location place through hole above-mentioned difference highly on pedestal 91, when suspender 73 for containing part is advanced in part Transfer pipe, can not bump against with syringe pipe 93, under the smooth and easy prerequisite be traveling in part Transfer pipe of guarantee suspender 73, effectively can reduce the volume of cleaning machine entirety.
See Fig. 1,9,10, for reducing the time that part stops in cleaning machine, in cleaning machine, be also provided with drying unit 8, this drying unit 8 transmits downstream way being positioned at above-mentioned flusher 9 at part.
The structure of drying unit 8 comprises housing and the heating wire 82 be located in housing and air blast 84.Housing has exhausting plate 81, exhausting plate 81 is towards above-mentioned part Transfer pipe, and exhausting plate 81 is provided with some penetrating air outlets 85.Heating wire 82 is between air blast 84 and air outlet 85, heating wire 82 and air blast 84 are started working after connecting with power supply, the wind that air blast 84 produces is after the heating of heating wire 82, comparatively powerful hot blast can be blown out in air outlet 85, utilize hot blast to march to drying unit 8 position, clean complete part and dry.
Described exhausting plate 81 is arc, and this drying unit 8 can adapt to the work requirements of the ringwise cleaning machine of part Transfer pipe well.For making the interior hot blast temperature blown out of air outlet 85 even, heating wire 82 is also made into arc, and for being arranged in parallel between heating wire 82 and exhausting plate 81.Like this, when drying the part be contained in together, the drying time of part reaches unanimity substantially everywhere, thus effectively can save energy consumption, reduces the time that part stops in cleaning machine.Described air outlet 85 is strip, and these air outlets 85 are arranged in parallel on exhausting plate 81.
Housing have the two blocks of side plates 83 be connected as a single entity with exhausting plate 81, these two blocks of side plates 83 are densely covered with some penetrating fresh air inlets 86, by the setting of fresh air inlet 86, housing is made to be made into closed, in order to avoid extraneous personnel touch heating wire 82 in work and air blast 84, thus improve the safety in utilization of drying unit 8.
A cleaning machine can arrange many cover drying units 8, the drying unit 8 of many covers is along a circumferential directions, the center of circle of this circumference is generally positioned on the part Transfer pipe of annular, thus can dry from multiple orientation the part marched to herein, effectively can improve the drying rate of part, reduce the time that part stops in cleaning machine.
Drying unit 8 can be work asynchronously with cleaning machine, namely after cleaning machine is unlocked, drying unit 8 is also started working, and this mode of operation of drying unit 8 compares the cleaning requirement being suitable for being convenient to the part cleaned, namely, after cleaning machine is opened, part Transfer pipe has continuous print part and pass through.But in most cases, when part obtains cleaning in cleaning case 5, all need to continue for some time.For saving energy consumption, the pattern that General Requirements drying unit 8 works with interval is run.For adapting to this requirement, can inductor 87 be set on housing, inductor 87 is electrically connected with air blast 84 and heating wire 82, the setting position of this inductor 87 on housing is preferably partial to flusher 9, to be cleaned, rinse after complete part leaves flusher 9, inductor 87 senses part or suspender 73, and inductor 87 impels air blast 84 and heating wire 82 to start.Treat part dry complete, part away from respond to inductor 87 less than position time, inductor 87 can impel heating wire 82 and air blast 84 all to disconnect with power supply.