CN103310142B - Based on the human-computer fusion safety certifying method of wearable device - Google Patents

Based on the human-computer fusion safety certifying method of wearable device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103310142B
CN103310142B CN201310191460.2A CN201310191460A CN103310142B CN 103310142 B CN103310142 B CN 103310142B CN 201310191460 A CN201310191460 A CN 201310191460A CN 103310142 B CN103310142 B CN 103310142B
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user
wearable device
equipment
information
authentication
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CN201310191460.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103310142A (en
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韩伟力
雷畅
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复旦大学
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Abstract

The invention belongs to personal identification field, be specially a kind of human-computer fusion safety certifying method based on wearable device.The present invention replaces user to carry out authentication in cyberspace by the wearable device having number identity information, and no longer needs user directly to input password.Concrete steps are: method user is registered as validated user to wearable device; Method user by the digital identity of oneself stored in wearable device; Method user is by the biometric identity certification of wearable device; Wearable device uses the number identity wherein stored, and automatically logins other equipment in cyberspace or infosystem.Present invention reduces the dependence of user to simple challenge, guarantee that information is safer, monitor, manage more convenient.

Description

Based on the human-computer fusion safety certifying method of wearable device

Technical field

The invention belongs to identity identifying technology field, be specifically related to a kind of human-computer fusion authentication method based on wearable device.

Background technology

1. wearable device

Wearable device is that one " can be worn " smart machine with it by user.Wearable device is with forms such as glasses, wrist strap, wrist-watches, directly worn or be integrated in the middle of clothes or accessory by user, combine with people, form a mobile node by wireless transmission, realize wearable computing (Wearable Computing) pattern that mobile network calculates.

Wearable device supports that wearable computing technology is connected with network, can share data with user and other equipment (as smart mobile phone, computer etc.).Current existing typical wearable device comprises:

Intelligent glasses, as the Google Glass of Google.It is a " expand reality " glasses, has the function the same with smart mobile phone, takes pictures by Sound control, video calling, distinguish direction and surf the web, process Word message and Email etc.

Intelligent watch, as the Pebble intelligent watch of SmartWatch, Pebble Technology company of Sony.These intelligent watchs can connect the equipment such as iPhone, Android, the information such as display incoming call, note and Email.

Intelligent spire lamella, as the Nike+Fuelband etc. of Nike, can record and measure the amount of exercise in daily life.

Current existing typical wearable device is often the extension of Intelligent mobile equipment, by the Function Integration Mechanism of panel computer, smart mobile phone in more portable wearable device, but do not accomplish real man-machine automatic fusion, lack more natural man-machine interaction mode and application.

2. digital identification authentication technology

Digital identification authentication is the process confirming operator's identity in a computer network.In the computer network world, the identity information of user represents with one group of particular data, and computing machine can only identify the digital identity of user, and all mandates to user are also the mandates for number identity.How ensureing that the physical identity of operator is corresponding with digital identity, is namely the problem that identity identifying technology will solve.

The foundation of authentication has following three kinds:

Information known to user;

Anything that user gathers around;

The physical trait of user.

In order to reach higher identification authentication security, some scene can select from three kinds of methods above two kinds used in combination, i.e. so-called two-factor authentication.

Based on above three kinds of foundations, identity identifying method comprises the certification for identify label article (as key, certificate etc.), identify label knowledge (as the user name and password etc.), identify label feature (as fingerprint, iris etc.).Wherein, first two method belongs to traditional identity identifying method, due to main by external thing, once prove the marking articles of identity and mark knowledge stolen or forget, its identity is just easily pretended to be by other people or is replaced.The third methods combining biological identification technology, has more convenience than traditional identity identifying method.

3. biological identification technology

Biological identification technology is referred to and to be closely combined with high-tech means such as optics, acoustics, biology sensor and biostatistics principles by computing machine, and the physiological property (as fingerprint, iris etc.) utilizing human body intrinsic and behavioural characteristic (as person's handwriting, sound, gait etc.) carry out the qualification of personal identification.

Compare traditional identity authentication techniques, biometrics identification technology possesses following advantage:

Based on the biological characteristic of human body, not easily forget, " carry " with oneself, can use whenever and wherever possible.

Characteristics of human body has not reproducible uniqueness, and anti-counterfeiting performance is good, not easily lose, forge or stolen.

Biological identification technology product realizes by means of computer technology, easy coupled computer with safety, monitor, the system combination such as management, realize automatic management.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide the human-computer fusion authentication method based on wearable device of a kind of convenience, safety.

Human-computer fusion authentication method based on wearable device provided by the invention, concrete steps are:

(1) user is registered as validated user to wearable device, and by individual digital identity information stored in wearable device;

(2) user trains wearable device, and during training, wearable device obtains user biological information by its built-in sensors, sets up and stores the biometric identity information of user, as the foundation of wearable device for certification validated user;

(3) user starts wearable device, and now, automatically extracted the biological information of current user by wearable device, the biometric identity information of the validated user stored with it mates, and completes the authentication between the people of current user and equipment;

(4) when user wishes log in other system or enter other equipment, the validated user digital identity information that wearable device utilizes it to store, replaces the authentication between the automatic finishing equipment of user and equipment or between equipment and infosystem.This verification process initiatively can be initiated by user, and as controlled by button, voice, brain wave, order wearable device provides respective digital identity information to equipment to be logined or system; Also can automatically be identified user by equipment to be logined or system and be initiated, provide respective digital identity information by wearable device from dynamic response.

After user logins other equipment, wearable device still regularly can detect the biological information of user.Because this timing testing process is without the need to manual intervention, the security of whole method therefore can be improved.

From said process, owing to employing biological identification technology, between wearable device and user, reach more convenient and natural man-machine interaction.In addition, when wearable device replaces user to login other equipment or infosystem, because by biometrics, this equipment ensure that user's physical identity conforms to digital identity, the safety certifying method of human-computer fusion is really achieved.

In the present invention, described wearable device refers to and also can be carried out mutual equipment with user and other equipment, infosystem by user's body-worn, as intelligentized wrist-watch, ring, necklace, cap, glasses, wrist strap, etc.The mutual mode of wearable device and the external world comprises: store the data from user; Receive and respond the order from user; Extract the biological information of user; The individual digital identity information of validated user is provided to other equipment or infosystem by certain authentication protocol.

In the present invention, described biological information can be one or more in bioelectricity, pulse-phase, iris, gait, fingerprint, sound, brain wave etc.Described wearable device extracts the biological information of current user by its built-in sensor, carries out biological identification to it.Biological identification can be the certification of single-factor biological information, also can the certification of multiple-factor biological information; Also on the basis of single-factor or multiple-factor biometric information authentication, password authentication can be increased, etc., with the security of further ensuring method.

In the present invention, described individual subscriber digital identity information comprises user and enters and be present in relevant device in cyberspace or log in authentication information needed for related web site, as log-on messages such as accounts, can be a series of < user names for distinct device and website, the set of password >, also can be the unified identity authentication information in single-node login system, can also be the secret informations such as the key needed for authentication protocol, parameter, etc.

Human-computer fusion authentication method based on wearable device provided by the invention, due to its convenience and security, can be user and brings following benefit:

Portability.Due to wearable device self, additionally carry without the need to user.

Automatic people and device authentication.Due to incorporating of biological identification technology, wearable device extracts the biological characteristic of current user by all kinds of sensing device, thus whether the current user of automatic decision is validated user.

Automatically and Identity Association.Because the digital identity information of validated user is pre-deposited wearable device, when user logins other equipment or infosystem by wearable device, wearable device can identify equipment current to be logined or system automatically, and automatically selects and provide the information such as corresponding login account.

Unified management.By the digital identity of wearable device on behalf of leading subscriber, reduce user to the dependence of simple challenge, safer, easy.

Operation bidirectional interface.Automatically identify except wearable device and provide account information automatically to log in except other equipment or system for user, user, also by operation bidirectional interface, manually selects for the login account used, provides more login dirigibilities.

Safety management after loss.Because this invention provides a kind of dual factors safety certifying method of human-computer fusion, after wearable device is lost, owing to cannot extract the biological information of validated user, wearable device cannot normally be used, and ensures its stored security.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the process graphical utilizing wearable device to carry out authentication.

Embodiment

The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.

As Fig. 1, user is first to wearable device registration and by individual digital identity information stored in wearable device.Subsequently, when user wishes to log in other equipment or website, wearable device first carries out certification by the mode of biometric matches to active user.Confirm that active user is after validated user, this wearable device just can initiate authentication request to other equipment or network, and the individual subscriber digital identity information utilizing it to store passes through certification.

In the present invention, user, before use wearable device does safety fusion certification, need train wearable device.During training, wearable device obtains user biological information by its built-in sensors, as the bioelectricity, pulse-phase, iris, gait, fingerprint, sound, brain wave etc. of user, and be translated into digital form and be stored as user biological identity information, for wearable device when initiating authentication request to other equipment or website, authentication is carried out to active user.

In the present invention, wearable device, after user being completed to people and equipment identities certification, can utilize the number identity information that it stores, and replaces this user's finishing equipment and equipment or the authentication between equipment and website.

In the present invention, when user utilizes wearable device to login other infosystems such as equipment or website, with user, the number identity information stored in equipment can wish that the account information required by the equipment logined or system is correctly matched.That is, be applicable to the information logining device A in wearable device, can the user account information automatically and required by device A correctly match.

In the present invention, when user utilizes wearable device to login other infosystems such as equipment or website, except automatically account and equipment to be logined or system matches also being logged in by wearable device, user also can manually select it to want the account information used, and logins relevant device or system.Also namely, equipment and equipment or the authentication between equipment and infosystem both can complete according to presetting automatically, also account manually can be selected to complete by user.

In the present invention, before the authentication procedures of people and equipment can occur in equipment and equipment or the authentication procedures between equipment and website, also can in the middle of equipment and equipment or the authentication procedures between equipment and website.

In the present invention, equipment and infosystem initiatively can initiate verification process to wearable device, and wearable device also initiatively can initiate verification process to equipment and website.The information interaction of wearable device and other equipment or infosystem is through safety certification protocol realization.

Claims (3)

1., based on a human-computer fusion safety certifying method for wearable device, it is characterized in that concrete steps are:
(1) user is registered as validated user to wearable device, and by individual digital identity information stored in wearable device;
(2) user trains wearable device, and during training, wearable device obtains user biological information by its built-in sensors, sets up and stores the biometric identity information of user, as the foundation of wearable device for certification validated user;
(3) when user starts wearable device, automatically extracted the biological information of current user by wearable device, the biometric identity information of the validated user stored with it mates, and completes the biometric identity certification between the people of current user and equipment;
(4) when user wishes log in other system or enter other equipment, the validated user digital identity information that wearable device utilizes it to store, replaces the authentication between the automatic finishing equipment of user and equipment or between equipment and infosystem; This verification process initiatively can be initiated by user, and order wearable device provides respective digital identity information to equipment to be logined or system; Or automatically identified user by equipment to be logined or system and initiated, provide respective digital identity information by wearable device from dynamic response;
Wherein, described wearable device refers to and also can be carried out mutual equipment with user and other equipment, infosystem by user's body-worn, comprises wrist-watch, ring, necklace, cap, glasses, wrist strap; The mutual mode of wearable device and the external world comprises: store the data from user, receive and respond the order from user, extract the biological information of user, the individual digital identity information of validated user is provided to other equipment or infosystem by certain authentication protocol;
Described biological information is one or more in bioelectricity, pulse-phase, iris, gait, fingerprint, sound, brain wave;
After user logins other equipment, wearable device still regularly can detect the biological information of user, to improve the security of overall verification process.
2. authentication method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described biological identification is the certification of single-factor biological information, or be the certification of multiple-factor biological information, or on the basis of single-factor or multiple-factor biometric information authentication, increase password authentication.
3. authentication method according to claim 1, is characterized in that described individual subscriber digital identity information comprises user and enters the relevant device be present in cyberspace or the authentication information logged in needed for related web site; This authentication information is a series of < user names for distinct device and website, the set of password >, or the unified identity authentication information in single-node login system, or complete secret information needed for authentication protocol, as key, parameter.
CN201310191460.2A 2013-05-22 2013-05-22 Based on the human-computer fusion safety certifying method of wearable device CN103310142B (en)

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Inventor after: Han Weili

Inventor after: Lei Chang

Inventor after: Jin Bo

Inventor before: Han Weili

Inventor before: Lei Chang