CN103308308B - The test unit of clutch coupling or shaft coupling - Google Patents

The test unit of clutch coupling or shaft coupling Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103308308B
CN103308308B CN201310271706.7A CN201310271706A CN103308308B CN 103308308 B CN103308308 B CN 103308308B CN 201310271706 A CN201310271706 A CN 201310271706A CN 103308308 B CN103308308 B CN 103308308B
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China
Prior art keywords
shaft
excitation
exciting
exciting force
test
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CN201310271706.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103308308A (en
Inventor
蒋爱华
章艺
周璞
王强
马永明
钟焱
李海涛
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中国船舶重工集团公司第七0四研究所
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Priority to CN201310271706.7A priority Critical patent/CN103308308B/en
Publication of CN103308308A publication Critical patent/CN103308308A/en
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Publication of CN103308308B publication Critical patent/CN103308308B/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of clutch coupling or shaft coupling test unit, comprise platform system, excitation system, test macro; Excitation system is loaded by vibration excitation device, moment of torsion and forms with tired exciting bank, exciting force transmitter shaft system; Elastic shaft device, vibration excitation device and moment of torsion are installed above mounting platform device load and tired exciting bank, equipment under test is connected between elastic shaft device with vibration excitation device, the broadband excitation device output terminal of vibration excitation device connects moment of torsion and loads and tired exciting bank, and exports wideband exciting force by exciting force transfer device to equipment under test; Low-frequency range exciting bank output terminal is connected with exciting force transfer device; Medium-high frequency section exciting bank output terminal is installed on exciting force transfer device; Exciting force transfer device one end is connected with equipment under test, and the other end and exciting force transmit coupling of shaft system; Equipment under test two ends, elastic shaft device and vibration excitation device are equipped with sensor respectively, and sensor is connected with data analysis set-up with signals collecting.

Description

The test unit of clutch coupling or shaft coupling
Technical field
The present invention relates to the test unit of a kind of marine propulsion shafting shaft coupling, clutch coupling, especially can realize a torsional fatigue test for components and parts in marine clutch or shaft coupling, and shaft coupling or clutch coupling can be realized to shake the test unit of a grade fall test, dynamic stiffness test
Background technology
Shake grade drop and the fatigue durability of marine propulsion shafting shaft coupling, clutch coupling are related to the isolation of shafting vibration and the reliability of equipment use.Development marine coupling, clutch test device are gone forward side by side shake grade fall test and the fatigue durability experimental study of line correlation, can be high-power shaft coupling kind equipment shake a grade formation for fall test specification, shaft coupling kind equipment optimal design, provide reference frame and testing apparatus containing the formulation of shaft coupling kind equipment mechanical system matching scheme.
Marine coupling, clutch coupling volume are large, quality weight, its shake grade drop and fatigue durability test to test unit produce the amplitude of exciting force, frequency range has higher requirements.
Grade specialized equipment of drop test that can be used for both at home and abroad at present shaking is also fewer, the specialized equipment of grade drop that more do not shake for marine coupling, clutch coupling; The shake test of grade drop of present stage normally completes when measurand is in actual installation using state, and have during test that exciting force is large and frequency range is narrow or wide frequency range and the too small defect of exciting force, therefore cannot meet the needs of the design of marine coupling kind equipment, advanced development.
Although the existing fatigue durability test-bed being directed to shaft coupling kind equipment, its function singleness, be only applicable to regulation model device experiment on fatigue properties, and its power is all also relatively little, cannot meets the demand of marine coupling kind equipment.
As application for a patent for invention numbers 201010206637, shimmy tester of elastic shaft coupling.This testing machine by single hydraulic cylinder realize spring coupling axially with radial to draw, press test, torsional fatigue test.Its output torque is 0-30kN.m, and hydraulic cylinder power output is 0-150kN, and frequency range is 0-12Hz.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is the test unit that will provide a kind of clutch coupling or shaft coupling, for solving following technical matters:
1) can either test grade drop that shakes of high-power clutch coupling peculiar to vessel or shaft coupling, torsional fatigue test and dynamic stiffness test can be carried out to it again;
2) the actual installation situation of marine clutch or shaft coupling is simulated, to obtain grade drop that shakes under actual installation condition;
3) moment of torsion is applied to clutch coupling or shaft coupling, the duty of clutch coupling or shaft coupling transmitting torque in simulation axle system rotary course, close with actual result in ensure to shake grade drop and dynamic stiffness test result and real-world operation process;
4) encouraging marine clutch or shaft coupling drive end to produce can device being tested identification be greater than ground unrest, the radial direction that frequency range meets the demands and axial vibration;
5) eliminate or reduce to be passed to the vibration of tested clutch coupling or shaft coupling Partner from tested clutch coupling or shaft coupling drive end by installation foundation, frame;
6) the alternating torsion motion that marine clutch or shaft coupling produce amplitude, frequency all meets the demands is encouraged.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of clutch coupling or shaft coupling test unit, comprise platform system, excitation system, test macro; Be characterized in: platform system is made up of elastic shaft device, mounting platform device; Excitation system is loaded by vibration excitation device, moment of torsion and forms with tired exciting bank, exciting force transmitter shaft system; Test macro is made up of signals collecting and data analysis set-up, sensor; Elastic shaft device, vibration excitation device and moment of torsion are installed above mounting platform device respectively load and tired exciting bank, be connected equipment under test between elastic shaft device with vibration excitation device, vibration excitation device is made up of broadband excitation device, low-frequency range exciting bank, medium-high frequency section exciting bank, exciting force transfer device; Broadband excitation device output terminal connects moment of torsion and loads and tired exciting bank, and exports wideband exciting force by exciting force transfer device to equipment under test; Low-frequency range exciting bank output terminal is connected with exciting force transfer device; Medium-high frequency section exciting bank output terminal is installed on exciting force transfer device; Exciting force transfer device one end is connected with equipment under test, and the other end is connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system; Equipment under test two ends, elastic shaft device and vibration excitation device are equipped with sensor respectively, and sensor is connected with data analysis set-up with signals collecting.
Elastic shaft device is made up of stationary shaft system, transmitter shaft system, vibration-testing axle system; Stationary shaft system is fixed on one end on mounting platform device, and the other end is connected with transmitter shaft system; Transmitter shaft system and vibration-testing coupling of shaft system, vibration-testing axle system is connected with equipment under test, and vibration-testing shafting installation is on asessory shaft system supports.
Mounting platform device by front end stationary installation, test platform, test platform isolation mounting, drive installation platform, drive platform isolation mounting, asessory shaft system supports, asessory shaft system supports isolation mounting, axle system supports, can sliding door frame, auxiliary mounting tool form; Test platform is installed on basis by test platform isolation mounting; Drive installation platform is installed on basis by driving platform isolation mounting; Two asessory shaft systems support and lay respectively at vibration-testing axle system and vibration excitation device lower end, and are installed on test platform by asessory shaft system support isolation mounting; Stationary installation upper end, front end is connected with stationary shaft system, and lower end is fixed on test platform; Two axle systems support and lay respectively at equipment under test drive end and stationary shaft system, axle system supports bottom and is fixedly installed on test platform, can be fixed on test platform or basis in sliding door frame bottom, auxiliary mounting tool be fixedly installed in test platform, drive installation platform respectively, asessory shaft system supports and axle system supports.
Moment of torsion loads and is made up of torque lever, hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic control system with tired exciting bank, torque lever transmits coupling of shaft system by key and exciting force, hydraulic cylinder one end is connected with torque lever by hinge, and the other end is scheduled on test platform by hinges fixing.
Signals collecting and data analysis set-up comprise signal acquisition module, shake a grade drop computation analysis module, torsional fatigue test counter module, state monitoring module; Sensor is connected by cable and signal acquisition module, and signal acquisition module is connected with a grade drop computation analysis module of shaking, torsional fatigue test counter module, state monitoring module by cable.
Sensor comprises force snesor, vibration acceleration sensor, vibration displacement sensor, oil temperature sensor, oil pressure sensor composition; Force snesor is installed in the stationary installation of front end or on torque lever; Vibration acceleration sensor is installed on stationary shaft system, vibration-testing axle system, exciting force transfer device; Vibration displacement sensor is installed on broadband excitation device; Oil temperature sensor and oil pressure sensor are installed in hydraulic control system.
Broadband excitation device is made up of motor, reducer casing, spring coupling, frame, background exciting force excitation apparatus; Motor is connected with reducer casing by spring coupling; Motor and reducer casing are installed on drive installation platform by frame; Reducer casing is connected with background exciting force excitation apparatus by spring coupling; Exciting force is passed on equipment under test by exciting force transmitter shaft system by background exciting force excitation apparatus; The excitation shafting installation of background exciting force excitation apparatus is on asessory shaft system supports.
Low-frequency range exciting bank is made up of hydraulic vibration exciter, hydraulic vibration exciter control device, exciting push rod; Hydraulic vibration exciter is installed on axle system and supports, and is connected with exciting force transfer device by exciting push rod, and vertical and horizontal direction hydraulic vibration exciter is all arranged symmetrically with relative to exciting force transmitter shaft system.
Medium-high frequency section exciting bank is made up of electromagnetic exciter, electromagnetic exciter control device, flexible member, exciting push rod; Electromagnetic exciter is installed on by flexible member can on sliding door frame; Electromagnetic exciter is connected with electromagnetic exciter control device by cable; Electromagnetic exciter is connected with exciting force transfer device by the horizontal or vertical direction of exciting push rod; Vertical and horizontal direction electromagnetic exciter is all arranged symmetrically with relative to exciting force transmitter shaft system; Exciting force transfer device forms by by mechanical axis system, bearing, closing cap, stressed frame, floating position-limiting device; Transmit coupling of shaft system by mechanical axis system one end and exciting force, the other end is connected with equipment under test; Fastened the shaft shoulder by mechanical axis, bearing symmetry is installed on shaft shoulder two ends; Closing cap is connected with by mechanical axis system by bearing; Have chamber in closing cap, bearing and the shaft shoulder are positioned at chamber, have lubrication in chamber; Stressed frame and floating position-limiting device are installed on closing cap; Stressed frame vertically symmetrical plane is symmetrical; Floating position-limiting device is installed on test platform or axle system and supports, and exciting push rod is installed on stressed frame, and the exciting force produced by hydraulic vibration exciter or electromagnetic exciter is by stressed frame, closing cap, bearing, be passed on equipment under test by mechanical axis system.
Background exciting force excitation apparatus forms by encouraging axle system, connection end cap, adjustment end cap, excitation bearing, attachment bolt; Excitation axle system is connected with spring coupling; Connect end cap to be connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system; There is the shaft shoulder in excitation axle system, and excitation bearing symmetry is installed on excitation axle system shaft shoulder two ends; Connect end cap to be connected by attachment bolt with adjustment end cap; Connect end cap and form chamber with regulating end cap, the shaft shoulder, the excitation bearing of excitation axle system are positioned at chamber; Connect end cap and regulate between end cap and have gap.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention compared with prior art, has following difference or advantage:
1) device described in this patent is different from existing patent function: except realizing the torsional fatigue test of components and parts in marine clutch or shaft coupling, clutch coupling or shaft coupling, also can realize shaft coupling or clutch coupling and to shake a grade fall test, dynamic stiffness test; Grade fall test that wherein shakes is the major function of device described in this patent;
2) apparatus system composition described in this patent, version is different from existing patent; The load modes such as moment of torsion are also different from existing patent; The parameter such as output torque, frequency range also all much larger than existing patent, to meet the testing requirement of large-scale marine clutch or shaft coupling.
Test unit of the present invention can realize the performance test of dissimilar, size marine clutch or shaft coupling.Specifically comprise:
1), under can completing clutch coupling or the quiet torque condition of shaft coupling loading wholesale, a grade drop performance test of shaking radial and axial in wider frequency range is tested;
2) can complete under clutch coupling or shaft coupling load quiet torque condition, the dynamic stiffness performance test test within the scope of certain frequency;
3) the torture test test within the scope of clutch coupling or shaft coupling certain frequency under asymmetric alternate torque can be completed.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural principle schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is that K in Fig. 2 is to partial view;
Fig. 4 is that the P of radial excitation in Fig. 2 is to partial top view;
Fig. 5 is that the P of axial excitation in Fig. 2 is to partial top view;
Fig. 6 is exciting force transfer device structural representation;
Fig. 7 is background exciting force excitation apparatus structural representation;
Fig. 8 is platform for lining structural representation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment, the invention will be further described.
As shown in Figures 1 to 8, clutch coupling of the present invention or shaft coupling test unit, comprise platform system, excitation system, test macro.
Platform system is made up of elastic shaft device 1, mounting platform device 2; Excitation system is loaded by vibration excitation device 3, moment of torsion and forms with tired exciting bank 4, exciting force transmitter shaft system 5; Test macro is made up of signals collecting and data analysis set-up 6, sensor 7; Mounting platform device 2 is installed elastic shaft device 1, vibration excitation device 3 and moment of torsion above respectively and is loaded and tired exciting bank 4, be connected equipment under test 8 between elastic shaft device 1 with vibration excitation device 3, vibration excitation device 3 is made up of broadband excitation device 23, low-frequency range exciting bank 24, medium-high frequency section exciting bank 25, exciting force transfer device 26; Broadband excitation device 23 output terminal connects moment of torsion and loads and tired exciting bank 4, and exports wideband exciting force by exciting force transfer device 26 to equipment under test 8; Low-frequency range exciting bank 24 output terminal is connected with exciting force transfer device 26; Medium-high frequency section exciting bank 25 output terminal is installed on exciting force transfer device 26; Exciting force transfer device 26 one end is connected with equipment under test 8, and the other end is connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system 5; Equipment under test 8 two ends, elastic shaft device 1 and vibration excitation device 3 are equipped with sensor 7 respectively, and sensor 7 is connected with data analysis set-up 6 with signals collecting.
Elastic shaft device 1 is made up of stationary shaft system 9, transmitter shaft system 10, vibration-testing axle system 11; Stationary shaft system 9 is fixed on one end on mounting platform device 2, and the other end is connected with transmitter shaft system 10; Transmitter shaft system 10 is connected with vibration-testing axle system 11, and vibration-testing axle system 11 is connected with equipment under test 8, and vibration-testing axle system 11 is installed on asessory shaft system and supports on 17.
Mounting platform device 2 by front end stationary installation 12, test platform 13, test platform isolation mounting 14, drive installation platform 15, drive platform isolation mounting 16, asessory shaft system supports 17, asessory shaft system supports isolation mounting 18, axle system supports 19, can sliding door frame 20, auxiliary mounting tool 21 form; Test platform 13 is installed on basis 22 by test platform isolation mounting 14; Drive installation platform 15 is installed on basis 22 by driving platform isolation mounting 16; Two asessory shaft systems support 17 and lay respectively at vibration-testing axle system 11 and vibration excitation device 3 lower end, and are installed on test platform 13 by asessory shaft system support isolation mounting 18; Front end stationary installation 12 upper end is connected with stationary shaft system 9, and lower end is fixed on test platform 13; Two axle systems support 19 and lay respectively at equipment under test 8 drive end and stationary shaft system 9, and axle system supports 19 bottoms and is fixedly installed on test platform 13, to support equipment under test 8, vibration-testing axle system 11, transmitter shaft system 10 and stationary shaft system 9; Can be fixed on test platform 13 or basis 22, so that the installation of vibration excitation device 3 in sliding door frame 20 bottom; Auxiliary mounting tool 21 is fixedly installed in test platform 13, drive installation platform 15, asessory shaft system support 17 and axle system respectively and supports on 19.
Vibration excitation device 3 is made up of broadband excitation device 23, low-frequency range exciting bank 24, medium-high frequency section exciting bank 25, exciting force transfer device 26; Broadband excitation device 23 is fixedly installed on drive installation platform 15, and its output terminal connects moment of torsion and loads and tired exciting bank 4, and exports wideband exciting force by exciting force transfer device 26 to equipment under test 8; The axle system that low-frequency range exciting bank 24 is installed on equipment under test 8 drive end supports on 19, and output terminal and exciting force transfer device 26 are connected; Medium-high frequency section exciting bank 25 is lifted on can on sliding door frame 20, and its output terminal is also installed on exciting force transfer device 26; Exciting force transfer device 26 one end connects with equipment under test 8, and the other end and exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 are connected.
Moment of torsion loads and is made up of with hydraulic control system 29 torque lever 27, hydraulic cylinder 28 with tired exciting bank 4, torque lever 27 is connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 by key 30, hydraulic cylinder 28 one end is connected with torque lever 27 by hinge 31, and the other end is fixed on test platform 13 by hinge 31.
Signals collecting and data analysis set-up 6 comprise signal acquisition module 32, shake a grade drop computation analysis module 33, torsional fatigue test counter module 34, state monitoring module 35; Sensor 7 is connected by cable 36 and signal acquisition module 32, and signal acquisition module 32 is connected with a grade drop computation analysis module 33 of shaking, torsional fatigue test counter module 34, state monitoring module 35 by cable.
Sensor 7 comprises force snesor 37, vibration acceleration sensor 38, vibration displacement sensor 39, oil temperature sensor 40, oil pressure sensor 41 form; Force snesor 37 is installed in front end stationary installation 12 or on torque lever 27; Vibration acceleration sensor 38 is installed on stationary shaft system 9, vibration-testing axle system 11, exciting force transfer device 26; Vibration displacement sensor 39 is installed on broadband excitation device 23; Oil temperature sensor 40 and oil pressure sensor 41 are installed in hydraulic control system 29.
Transmitter shaft system 10 employing equipment under test 8 replaces.
As Fig. 2, shown in 3, front end stationary installation 12 is made up of torsion truck dead lever 42, torsion stationary installation 43, thread ending cover 44; Reverse truck dead lever 42 to be connected with stationary shaft system 9 by key or square hole, reverse stationary installation 43 and limit torsion truck dead lever 42 two ends by rotating around stationary shaft system circumference, restriction stationary shaft system 9 is circumferential to rotate; Thread ending cover 44 is connected with stationary shaft system 9, and jointly limits stationary shaft system 9 by the bearing 45 that axle system supports in 19 with bearing (ball) cover 46 and move vertically.
Asessory shaft system supports 17 containing arrangement for adjusting height 48; Asessory shaft system supports isolation mounting 18 and is made up of vibration-isolating platform 49, air-assisted vibration isolator 50, air pump 51.
Broadband excitation device 23 is made up of motor 52, reducer casing 53, spring coupling 54, frame 55, background exciting force excitation apparatus 56; Motor 52 is connected with reducer casing 53 by spring coupling 54; Motor 52 and reducer casing 53 are installed on drive installation platform 15 by frame 55; Reducer casing 53 is connected with background exciting force excitation apparatus 56 by spring coupling 54; Exciting force is passed on equipment under test 8 by exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 by background exciting force excitation apparatus 56; Excitation axle system 57 rotation of motor 52 driven gear case 56 and background exciting force excitation apparatus 56, to produce wideband exciting force; The excitation axle system 57 of background exciting force excitation apparatus 56 is installed on asessory shaft system and supports on 17.
As Fig. 1,2,4, shown in 5, low-frequency range exciting bank 24 is made up of hydraulic vibration exciter 58, hydraulic vibration exciter control device 59, exciting push rod 60; Hydraulic vibration exciter 58 is installed on axle system and supports on 19, and is connected with exciting force transfer device 26 by exciting push rod 60, and interface is removable; Vertical and horizontal direction hydraulic vibration exciter 58 is all arranged symmetrically with relative to exciting force transmitter shaft system 5; The exciting force that hydraulic vibration exciter control device 59 controls vertically or the multiple hydraulic vibration exciter of horizontal direction 58 produces same amplitude and phase place acts on exciting force transfer device 26.
Medium-high frequency section exciting bank 25 is made up of electromagnetic exciter 61, electromagnetic exciter control device 62, flexible member 63, exciting push rod 60; Electromagnetic exciter 61 is installed on by flexible member 63 can on sliding door frame 20; Electromagnetic exciter 61 is connected with electromagnetic exciter control device 62 by cable 36; Electromagnetic exciter 61 is connected with exciting force transfer device 26 by the horizontal or vertical direction of exciting push rod 60; Vertical and horizontal direction electromagnetic exciter 61 is all arranged symmetrically with relative to exciting force transmitter shaft system 5; The exciting force that electromagnetic exciter control device 62 controls vertically or the multiple electromagnetic exciter of horizontal direction 61 produces same amplitude and phase place acts on exciting force transfer device 26.
As Fig. 1,2, shown in 6, exciting force transfer device 26 forms by by mechanical axis system 64, bearing 65, closing cap 66, stressed frame 67, floating position-limiting device 68; Be connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 by mechanical axis system 64 one end, the other end is connected with equipment under test 8; Have the shaft shoulder by mechanical axis system 64, bearing 65 symmetry is installed on shaft shoulder two ends; Closing cap 66 is connected with by mechanical axis system 64 by bearing 65; Have chamber in closing cap 66, bearing 65 and the shaft shoulder are positioned at chamber, have lubrication in chamber; Stressed frame 67 is installed on closing cap 66 with floating position-limiting device 68; Symmetrical plane is symmetrical vertically for stressed frame 67; Floating position-limiting device 68 is installed on test platform 13 or axle system supports on 19, limits closing cap 66 and stressed frame 67 circumferential position; Exciting push rod 60 is installed on stressed frame 67, and the exciting force produced by hydraulic vibration exciter 58 or electromagnetic exciter 61 is by stressed frame 67, closing cap 66, bearing 65, be passed on equipment under test 8 by mechanical axis system 64.
As Fig. 1,2, shown in 7, background exciting force excitation apparatus 56 is made up of excitation axle system 57, connection end cap 69, adjustment end cap 70, excitation bearing 71, attachment bolt 72; Excitation axle system 57 is connected with spring coupling 54; Connect end cap 69 to be connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system 5; There is the shaft shoulder in excitation axle system 57, and excitation bearing 71 symmetry is installed on excitation axle system 57 shaft shoulder two ends; Connect end cap 69 to be connected by attachment bolt 72 with adjustment end cap 70; Connect end cap 69 and form chamber with regulating end cap 70, the shaft shoulder, the excitation bearing 71 of excitation axle system 57 are positioned at chamber; Connect end cap 69 and regulate between end cap 70 and have gap.
As shown in Figure 8, test platform 13 adopts multiple sub-platform 47 segmented assembly to form.
Based on the above structure, the present invention is as described below to clutch coupling or the shaft coupling grade concrete implementation step of fall test method of shaking:
(1) equipment under test 8 is installed between vibration excitation device 3 and elastic shaft device 1;
(2) moment of torsion loads and applies moment of torsion by exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 to equipment under test 8 with tired exciting bank 4 and keep;
(3) broadband excitation device 23 produces wideband exciting force, and passes to equipment under test 8 drive end from exciting force transmitter shaft system 5, vibration excitation device 3, brings out equipment under test 8 and produces vibration;
(4) while broadband excitation, low-frequency range exciting bank 24 produces radial direction, axial exciting force, is passed to equipment under test 8 drive end from exciting force transfer device 26, brings out equipment under test 8 and produces low-frequency vibration;
(5) signals collecting and data analysis set-up 6 test the vibration acceleration at equipment under test 8 two ends, calculate the radial direction of low-frequency range equipment under test 8, the axial grade drop that shakes;
(6) stop low-frequency range excitation, while broadband excitation, medium-high frequency section exciting bank 25 produces radial direction, axial exciting force, is passed to equipment under test 8 drive end from exciting force transfer device 26, brings out equipment under test 8 and produces low-frequency vibration;
(7) signals collecting and data analysis set-up 6 test the vibration acceleration at equipment under test 8 two ends, calculate the radial direction of middle and high frequency range equipment under test 8, the axial grade drop that shakes;
Based on the above structure, it is as described below that the present invention tests concrete implementation step to clutch coupling or shaft coupling dynamic stiffness:
(1) equipment under test 8 is installed between vibration excitation device 3 and elastic shaft device 1;
(2) moment of torsion loads and by exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 with tired exciting bank 4 can be applied moment of torsion to equipment under test 8 and keep;
(3) low-frequency range exciting bank 24 produces radial direction, axial exciting force, is passed to equipment under test 8 drive end from exciting force transfer device 26, and bring out equipment under test 8 and produce low-frequency vibration, broadband excitation device 23 does not work;
(4) signals collecting and data analysis set-up 6 test the vibration acceleration of equipment under test 8 Partner and the exciting force of exciting push rod 60;
(5) radial direction of equipment under test 8, axial dynamic stiffness is calculated by exciting force and vibration acceleration;
Based on the above structure, the present invention to clutch coupling or the concrete implementation step of shaft coupling fatigue property test as described below:
(1) equipment under test 8 is installed between vibration excitation device 3 and elastic shaft device 1;
(2) moment of torsion loads and applies average torque by exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 to equipment under test 8 with tired exciting bank 4;
(3) moment of torsion loads and on the basis of average torque, applies alternate torque to equipment under test 8 by exciting force transmitter shaft system 5 with tired exciting bank 4;
(4) in test macro, the number of times of torsional fatigue test counter module 34 pairs of moment of torsion alternations counts.

Claims (10)

1. clutch coupling or a shaft coupling test unit, comprise platform system, excitation system, test macro; It is characterized in that: described platform system is made up of elastic shaft device (1), mounting platform device (2); Excitation system is loaded by vibration excitation device (3), moment of torsion and forms with tired exciting bank (4), exciting force transmitter shaft system (5); Test macro is made up of signals collecting and data analysis set-up (6), sensor (7); Mounting platform device (2) is installed elastic shaft device (1), vibration excitation device (3) and moment of torsion above respectively and is loaded and tired exciting bank (4), be connected equipment under test (8) between elastic shaft device (1) with vibration excitation device (3), vibration excitation device (3) is made up of broadband excitation device (23), low-frequency range exciting bank (24), medium-high frequency section exciting bank (25), exciting force transfer device (26); Broadband excitation device (23) output terminal connects moment of torsion and loads and tired exciting bank (4), and exports wideband exciting force by exciting force transfer device (26) to equipment under test 8; Low-frequency range exciting bank (24) output terminal is connected with exciting force transfer device (26); Medium-high frequency section exciting bank 25 output terminal is installed on exciting force transfer device (26); Exciting force transfer device (26) one end is connected with equipment under test (8), and the other end is connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system (5); Equipment under test (8) two ends, elastic shaft device (1) and vibration excitation device (3) are equipped with sensor 7 respectively, and sensor (7) is connected with data analysis set-up (6) with signals collecting.
2. clutch coupling according to claim 1 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described elastic shaft device (1) is made up of stationary shaft system (9), transmitter shaft system (10), vibration-testing axle system (11); Stationary shaft system (9) one end is fixed on mounting platform device (2), and the other end is connected with transmitter shaft system (10); Transmitter shaft system (10) is connected with vibration-testing axle system (11), and vibration-testing axle system (11) is connected with equipment under test (8), and vibration-testing axle system (11) is installed on asessory shaft system and supports on (17).
3. clutch coupling according to claim 1 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described mounting platform device (2) by front end stationary installation (12), test platform (13), test platform isolation mounting (14), drive installation platform (15), drive platform isolation mounting (16), asessory shaft system supports (17), asessory shaft system supports isolation mounting (18), axle system supports (19), can sliding door frame (20), auxiliary mounting tool (21) form; Test platform (13) is installed on basis (22) by test platform isolation mounting (14); Drive installation platform (15) is installed on basis (22) by driving platform isolation mounting (16); Two asessory shaft systems support (17) and lay respectively at vibration-testing axle system (11) and vibration excitation device (3) lower end, and are installed on test platform (13) by asessory shaft system support isolation mounting (18); Front end stationary installation (12) upper end is connected with stationary shaft system (9), and lower end is fixed on test platform (13); Two axle systems support (19) and lay respectively at equipment under test (8) drive end and stationary shaft system (9), axle system supports (19) bottom and is fixedly installed on test platform (13), can be fixed on test platform (13) or basis (22) in sliding door frame (20) bottom, auxiliary mounting tool (21) be fixedly installed in test platform (13), drive installation platform (15) respectively, asessory shaft system supports (17) and axle system supports on (19).
4. clutch coupling according to claim 1 or shaft coupling test unit, it is characterized in that: described moment of torsion loads and is made up of with hydraulic control system (29) torque lever (27), hydraulic cylinder (28) with tired exciting bank (4), torque lever (27) is connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system (5) by key (30), hydraulic cylinder (28) one end is connected with torque lever (27) by hinge (31), and the other end is fixed on test platform (13) by hinge (31).
5. clutch coupling according to claim 1 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described signals collecting and data analysis set-up (6) comprise signal acquisition module (32), shake a grade drop computation analysis module (33), torsional fatigue test counter module (34), state monitoring module (35); Sensor (7) is connected by cable (36) and signal acquisition module (32), and signal acquisition module (32) is connected with a grade drop computation analysis module (33) of shaking, torsional fatigue test counter module (34), state monitoring module (35) by cable.
6. clutch coupling according to claim 1 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described sensor (7) comprises force snesor (37), vibration acceleration sensor (38), vibration displacement sensor (39), oil temperature sensor (40), oil pressure sensor (41) composition; Force snesor (37) is installed in front end stationary installation (12) or on torque lever (27); Vibration acceleration sensor (38) is installed on stationary shaft system (9), vibration-testing axle system (11), exciting force transfer device (26); Vibration displacement sensor (39) is installed on broadband excitation device (23); Oil temperature sensor (40) and oil pressure sensor (41) are installed in hydraulic control system (29).
7. clutch coupling according to claim 1 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described broadband excitation device (23) is made up of motor (52), reducer casing (53), spring coupling (54), frame (55), background exciting force excitation apparatus (56); Motor (52) is connected with reducer casing (53) by spring coupling (54); Motor (52) and reducer casing (53) are installed on drive installation platform (15) by frame 55; Reducer casing (53) is connected with background exciting force excitation apparatus (56) by spring coupling (54); Exciting force is passed on equipment under test (8) by exciting force transmitter shaft system (5) by background exciting force excitation apparatus (56); The excitation axle system (57) of background exciting force excitation apparatus (56) is installed on asessory shaft system and supports on (17).
8. clutch coupling according to claim 1 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described low-frequency range exciting bank (24) is made up of hydraulic vibration exciter (58), hydraulic vibration exciter control device (59), exciting push rod (60); Hydraulic vibration exciter (58) is installed on axle system and supports on (19), and is connected with exciting force transfer device (26) by exciting push rod (60), and hydraulic vibration exciter (58) that is vertical and horizontal direction is all arranged symmetrically with relative to exciting force transmitter shaft system (5).
9. the clutch coupling according to claim 1 or 4 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described medium-high frequency section exciting bank (25) is made up of electromagnetic exciter (61), electromagnetic exciter control device (62), flexible member (63), exciting push rod (60); Electromagnetic exciter (61) is installed on by flexible member (63) can on sliding door frame (20); Electromagnetic exciter (61) is connected with electromagnetic exciter control device (62) by cable (36); Electromagnetic exciter (61) is connected with exciting force transfer device (26) by exciting push rod (60) horizontal or vertical direction; Vertical and horizontal direction electromagnetic exciter (61) is all arranged symmetrically with relative to exciting force transmitter shaft system (5); Described exciting force transfer device (26) forms by by mechanical axis system (64), bearing (65), closing cap (66), stressed frame (67), floating position-limiting device (68); Be connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system (5) by mechanical axis system (64) one end, the other end is connected with equipment under test (8); Have the shaft shoulder by mechanical axis system (64), bearing (65) symmetry is installed on shaft shoulder two ends; Closing cap (66) is connected with by mechanical axis system (64) by bearing (65); Closing cap has chamber in (66), and bearing (65) and the shaft shoulder are positioned at chamber, have lubrication in chamber; Stressed frame (67) and floating position-limiting device (68) are installed on closing cap (66); Symmetrical plane is symmetrical vertically for stressed frame (67); Floating position-limiting device (68) is installed on test platform (13) or axle system supports on (19), exciting push rod (60) is installed on stressed frame (67), and the exciting force produced by hydraulic vibration exciter (58) or electromagnetic exciter (61) is by stressed frame (67), closing cap (66), bearing (65), be passed on equipment under test (8) by mechanical axis system (64).
10. clutch coupling according to claim 7 or shaft coupling test unit, is characterized in that: described background exciting force excitation apparatus (56) is made up of excitation axle system (57), connection end cap (69), adjustment end cap (70), excitation bearing (71), attachment bolt (72); Excitation axle system (57) is connected with spring coupling 54; Connect end cap (69) to be connected with exciting force transmitter shaft system 5; Excitation axle system (57) has the shaft shoulder, and excitation bearing (71) symmetry is installed on excitation axle system (57) shaft shoulder two ends; Connect end cap (69) to be connected by attachment bolt (72) with adjustment end cap (70); Connect end cap (69) and form chamber with regulating end cap (70), the shaft shoulder, excitation bearing (71) of excitation axle system (57) are positioned at chamber; Connect end cap (69) and regulate between end cap (70) and have gap.
CN201310271706.7A 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 The test unit of clutch coupling or shaft coupling CN103308308B (en)

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CN104296992A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-21 浙江大学 Dynamic diaphragm coupler angular deviation fatigue testing bed
CN106338394B (en) * 2016-10-21 2018-07-03 合肥工业大学 Displacement and transmission torque testing machine during clutch on-off
CN106996871B (en) * 2017-04-07 2019-05-31 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) Real scale marine propulsion shafting vibration transmissibility experimental rig
CN107436222B (en) * 2017-07-28 2019-10-22 武汉船用机械有限责任公司 A kind of field investigation device of hydraulic jet propulsion system
CN109946067B (en) * 2019-03-13 2020-10-16 重庆电子工程职业学院 Shaft coupling life check out test set
CN110646196A (en) * 2019-10-09 2020-01-03 青岛科技大学 Large-corner closed duplex universal coupling test bed

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