CN103304345B - Compound microorganism fertilizer specially used for corns and capable of improving soil and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Compound microorganism fertilizer specially used for corns and capable of improving soil and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN103304345B
CN103304345B CN201310263569.2A CN201310263569A CN103304345B CN 103304345 B CN103304345 B CN 103304345B CN 201310263569 A CN201310263569 A CN 201310263569A CN 103304345 B CN103304345 B CN 103304345B
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王建伟
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CHONGQING TUOYANG TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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CHONGQING TUOYANG TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a compound microorganism fertilizer specially used for corns and capable of improving soil and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method comprises the steps of: firstly deodorizing fresh poultry dung and cow dung, then adding sporotrichum thermophile, aspergillus niger, distillers' grains, brown sugar, ground straws, corn meal and potassium dihydrogen phosphate to carry out fermentation twice and then drying the product to obtain a preparation I; then taking soybean meal, wheat bran, calcium meal, bacillus megaterium, bacillus subtilis, lactobacillus, cane sugar and ferrous sulfate to carry out fermentation twice and drying the product to obtain a preparation II; and then mixing the preparation I with the preparation II, then adding bacillus megaterium, bacillus subtilis, aspergillus niger, streptomyces alboniger, terrestrial cyanobacterium, photosynthetic bacteria and dinoflagellate to carry out fermentation and finally adding chemical fertilizers needed by corns, thus obtaining the compound microorganism fertilizer specially used for corns. The prepared product contains surviving beneficial microorganisms and can improve the crumb structure and other indexes of soil and increase the corn yield.

Description

Preparation method of a kind of corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improveing soil and products thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture field, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method of the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improveing soil, also relate to the product of being prepared by the method.
Background technology
Flourish along with the tertiary industry, the raiser in rural area is more and more, and when raiser increases, cultivation ight soil is also in continuous increase.Wherein contain the nutritive substance of many not digested absorptions, as the robust fibre in ruminating animal ight soil, the nitrogen in pig, chicken manure, the calcium equal size in batterylaying ight soil is all higher, has the very large potentiality of utilizing.If these ight soil can not get processing timely and effectively, will seriously take and contaminated soil, water body, produce foul gas and cause severe contamination.Traditional dejecta treatment method be by ight soil directly as fertilizer, but complicated organism, macromolecular cpd are to pass through cell walls and the cytolemma of root hair cell; Therefore organic fertilizer discharges to soil, must complicated organic substance decomposing be become to simple composition by soil microorganisms, or ionization could absorb; As nitrogenous fertilizer must convert ammonia-state nitrogen (NH to 4+) and nitric nitrogen (NO 3-), phosphate fertilizer must convert phosphate radical (PO4 to 3-), potash fertilizer must convert potassium ion (K to +) crop could absorb.And existing fertilizer mainly utilizes microorganism that the macromole in organic fertilizer is decomposed into small molecules, but after being manured into soil, beneficial microorganism can not continue breeding, therefore can not fundamentally improve owing to partially executing, singly executing, heavy dressing chemical fertilizer, cause soil acidity or alkalinity to change, organic content reduces, soil compaction is serious, water conservation, fertilizer conservation, ventilation property extreme difference, the problem such as beneficial organism flora minimizing in soil.
Corn is one of China's three generalized grain kinds, and corn is roughly nitrogen 30%-50% to chemical fertilizer utilization ratio according to statistics, phosphorus 10%-20%, potassium 40%-70%.But owing to partially executing in recent years, singly executing, heavy dressing chemical fertilizer, cause soil acidity or alkalinity to change, organic content reduces, soil compaction is serious, in soil, beneficial organism flora reduces, microecological balance havoc, causes corn not high to the utilization ratio of chemical fertilizer.Therefore, be badly in need of the fertilizer that a kind of reasonable utilization cultivates ight soil, also can improve soil micro-ecosystem, improve soil aggregate, improve the utilization ratio of corn to chemical fertilizer, thereby raising corn yield, simultaneously after incorporation of fertilizerin the soil, beneficial microorganism can symbiotic co-existence, improves the microecological balance of soil.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, one of object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improveing soil, and preparation method is simple, is convenient to suitability for industrialized production.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme is:
The preparation method of the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improvement soil, comprises the steps:
A. fresh chicken manure and cattle manure being pressed to the photosynthetic bacteria that sprays 2000-4000 hundred million units per ton, is to carry out deodorizing under 8000-12000LUX condition illumination 12-24 hour in intensity of illumination, obtains deodorizing chicken manure and deodorizing cattle manure;
B. get by weight stalk 90-120 part, Semen Maydis powder 15-20 part and potassium primary phosphate 5-8 part after deodorizing chicken manure 500-600 part, deodorizing cattle manure 250-300 part, thermophilic side born of the same parents mould 0.4-0.6 part, black-koji mould 0.4-0.6 part, vinasse 100-120 part, brown sugar 3-5 part, pulverizing, after stirring at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 7-10 days, after turning again at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 7-10 days, then air-dry to moisture weight ratio be 35-40%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation I;
C. get by weight dregs of beans 55-65 part, wheat bran 75-85 part, calcium powder 100-110 part, bacillus megaterium 0.4-0.6 part, subtilis 0.4-0.6 part, milk-acid bacteria 0.4-0.6 part, sucrose 2-4 part and ferrous sulfate 4-6 part, after stirring at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 3-5 days, turn over after code again at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 3-5 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 35-40%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation II;
D. get by weight step B gained preparation I 40-43 part, step C gained preparation II 23-26 part, then add by weight bacillus megaterium 0.4-0.6 part, subtilis 0.4-0.6 part, black-koji mould 0.4-0.6 part, white light gray streptomycete 0.4-0.6 part, Lu Sheng cyanobacteria 0.4-0.6 part, photosynthetic bacteria 0.4-0.6 part and dinoflagellate 1.5-2.5 part, at 25-30 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 2-3 days, again by tunning under 25-30 ℃ of condition air-dry to moisture weight percent be 15-20%, obtain the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism;
E. get by weight survival and reproduction base-material 70-72 part of step D gained microorganism, then add by weight potassium oxide 70-90 part, ammonium fertilizer 35-40 part, amide nitrogen fertilizer 70-75 part, Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES 45-50 part, zinc sulfate 8-12 part and peat composed of rotten mosses 25-30 part, after stirring, pulverize the particle of making 2-8mm, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
The operational path that the present invention prepares preparation I as shown in Figure 1, specifically utilize deodorizing chicken manure, deodorizing cattle manure, stalk, brown sugar etc. are raw material, for fermentation provides organic, sulfuration ammonia, food fibre, glucose, the carbon sources such as protein or nitrogenous source, and in the time of fermentation, add potassium primary phosphate adjusting pH value to be applicable to thermophilic side born of the same parents mould and black-koji mould growth, in fermenting process, macromolecular substance can be degraded to small-molecule substance, leavening temperature is controlled at 50-60 ℃, can kill with this understanding roundworm egg and intestinal bacteria in ight soil, in fermenting process, can utilize heavy metal ion by microorganism and by exchange state and soluble state degraded heavy metal, in the preparation I making, quality of organic matter mark is greater than 30%, nitrogen phosphorus potassium massfraction is greater than 5%, crude protein quality mark is greater than 5%, As massfraction is less than 0.0002%, Cd massfraction is less than 0.0005%, Pd massfraction is less than 0.003%, Cr massfraction is less than 0.0005%, Hg massfraction is less than 0.00005%.
The operational path that the present invention prepares preparation II as shown in Figure 2, specifically utilize dregs of beans, wheat bran and brown sugar are carbon source or nitrogenous source, and add bacillus megaterium, subtilis and milk-acid bacteria are fermented, also add ferrous sulfate regulates pH value to be applicable to thalli growth simultaneously, in the preparation II making, quality of organic matter percentage ratio is greater than 30%, nitrogen phosphorus potassium massfraction is greater than 6%, crude protein quality mark is greater than 8%, amino acid masses mark is greater than 5%, saccharifying enzyme massfraction is greater than 3%, As massfraction is less than 0.0001%, Cd massfraction is less than 0.0001%, Pd massfraction is less than 0.0005%, Cr massfraction is less than 0.0002%, the material that Hg massfraction is less than 0.00002%.
The survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism will be made after preparation I and the mixed fermentation of preparation II, its operational path as shown in Figure 3, the survival and reproduction base-material of making contains abundant nutritive substance, microorganism energy symbiotic co-existence wherein, after being manured into soil, can utilize the nutritive substance in preparation to continue breeding, suppress pathogenic bacteria growth, maintain microecological balance in soil; The polyuronide of the mentioned microorganism secretion of breeding and Clay Minerals And Clay Oxides and iron, the plumbous cementing soil granular that forms such as oxyhydroxide and soil ulmin, make soil porosity in 50-54%, aeration porosity about 20-25%.
The present invention also mixes the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism with chemical fertilizer, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer, and as shown in Figure 3, the fertilizer making can meet the demand of corn different growing stage to nutrition to operational path, thereby improves the output of corn.
Preferably, described step B be get by weight 550 parts of deodorizing chicken manures, 280 parts of deodorizing cattle manures, 0.5 part, thermophilic side born of the same parents mould, 0.5 part of black-koji mould, 110 parts, vinasse, 4 parts, brown sugar, 6 parts of 18 parts of 100 parts of stalks, Semen Maydis powder after pulverizing and potassium primary phosphates, after stirring 55 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 8 days, after turning again 55 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 8 days, then air-dry to moisture weight ratio be 38%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation I.
Preferred, described step C is for getting by weight 5 parts, 60 parts of dregs of beans, 80 parts, wheat bran, 105 parts of calcium powders, 0.5 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.5 part of subtilis, 0.5 part of milk-acid bacteria, 3 parts of sucrose and ferrous sulfate, after stirring, under 58 ℃ of conditions, ferment 4 days, turn over after code again 58 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 4 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 38%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation II.
Preferred, described step D is for getting by weight 40 parts of step B gained preparation I, 25 parts of step C gained preparation II, then add by weight 2 parts of 0.5 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.5 part of subtilis, 0.5 part of black-koji mould, 0.5 part of white light gray streptomycete, 0.5 part of Lu Sheng cyanobacteria, 0.5 part of photosynthetic bacteria and dinoflagellates, 28 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 3 days, again by tunning under 28 ℃ of conditions air-dry to moisture weight percent be 18%, obtain the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism.
Preferred, get by weight 71 parts of the survival and reproduction base-materials of step D gained microorganism, then add by weight 28 parts of 80 parts of potassium oxides, 37 parts of ammonium fertilizers, 72 parts of amide nitrogen fertilizers, 48 parts of Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKESs, 10 parts, zinc sulfate and the peats composed of rotten mosses, after stirring, pulverize the particle of making 3mm, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
Preferred, the moisture weight percent of described chicken manure is 70%, and the moisture weight percent of described cattle manure is 70%.
Preferred, in described step B, the concentration of described thermophilic side born of the same parents mould is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described black-koji mould is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram.
Preferred, in described step C, the concentration of described bacillus megaterium is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described subtilis is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described milk-acid bacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram.
Preferred, in described step D, the concentration of described bacillus megaterium is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, the concentration of described subtilis is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, the concentration of described black-koji mould is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, the concentration of described white light gray streptomycete is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described Lu Sheng cyanobacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described photosynthetic bacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram.
Two of object of the present invention is to provide the corn specific complex of being prepared by aforesaid method microorganism fertilizer, and technical scheme is:
The corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer that utilizes described preparation method to prepare.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the preparation method of corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer disclosed by the invention, and its preparation method is simple, can turn waste into wealth, the beneficial microorganism that the product making contains survival, and the nutritive substance that contains corn growth; Beneficial microbe colony in product can be survived and breed after being manured into soil, therefore can fixed nitrogen, phosphorus decomposing, potassium decomposing, as: the tricalcium phosphate of indissoluble in soil is discharged to CO by respiration 2, reduce edatope pH value and be converted into soluble phosphate, thereby improve the solvability of tricalcium phosphate, improve the effective rate of utilization of soil phosphorus, finally improve the absorption of plant to phosphorus; Beneficial microorganism in product also can discharge H 2s and tertiary iron phosphate effect, generate soluble phosphate, improves equally the effective rate of utilization of soil phosphorus; Also utilize the streptomycete in product is nitrite by nitrate reduction simultaneously, and movable amylase, the aspartic protease of producing of black-koji mould, regulates soil pH value; The mould decomposition of cellulose of thermophilic side born of the same parents, generation saccharifying enzyme, balance Soil structure; These beneficial microorganisms can also, by electrically charged surface with nonspecific mode combination Adsorption of Heavy Metal Ions, reduce the content of heavy metal ion, in microbiological oxidation simultaneously or reduction process, can reduce heavy metal toxicity and activity; And organochlorine is carried out to hydration reaction, form nontoxic organic compounds containing nitrogen; After using the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer that the present invention makes, can improve soil aggregate, increase illuminating area; The activity of microorganism can reduce soil day and night temperature, thereby reaches water conservation, fertilizer conservation function, raising soil conductivity, is conducive to milpa root system and stretches, and finally improves corn yield.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect clearer, the invention provides following accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the process flow sheet of preparation I.
Fig. 2 is the process flow sheet of preparation II.
The process flow sheet of Fig. 3 corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in detail.The experimental technique of unreceipted actual conditions in embodiment, the condition of conventionally advising according to normal condition or according to manufacturer.
Embodiment 1
The preparation method of the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improvement soil, comprises the steps:
A. by fresh chicken manure and cattle manure by the photosynthetic bacteria of sprinkling per ton 4,000 hundred million units, be that under 8000-12000LUX condition, illumination is carried out deodorizing in 12 hours in intensity of illumination, obtain deodorizing chicken manure and deodorizing cattle manure;
B. get by weight 500 parts of deodorizing chicken manures, 250 parts of deodorizing cattle manures, 0.4 part, thermophilic side born of the same parents mould, 0.4 part of black-koji mould, 100 parts, vinasse, 3 parts, brown sugar, 5 parts of 15 parts of 90 parts of stalks, Semen Maydis powder after pulverizing and potassium primary phosphates, after stirring 50 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 7 days, after turning again 50 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 7 days, then air-dry to moisture weight ratio be 35%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation I;
C. get by weight 4 parts, 55 parts of dregs of beans, 75 parts, wheat bran, 100 parts of calcium powders, 0.4 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.4 part of subtilis, 0.4 part of milk-acid bacteria, 2 parts of sucrose and ferrous sulfate, after stirring 50 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 3 days, turn over after code again 50 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 3 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 35%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation II;
D. get by weight 40 parts of step B gained preparation I, 23 parts of step C gained preparation II, then add by weight 1.5 parts of 0.4 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.4 part of subtilis, 0.4 part of black-koji mould, 0.4 part of white light gray streptomycete, 0.4 part of Lu Sheng cyanobacteria, 0.4 part of photosynthetic bacteria and dinoflagellates, 25 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 2 days, again by tunning under 25 ℃ of conditions air-dry to moisture weight percent be 15%, obtain the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism;
E. get by weight 70 parts of the survival and reproduction base-materials of step D gained microorganism, then add by weight 25 parts of 70 parts of potassium oxides, 35 parts of ammonium fertilizers, 70 parts of amide nitrogen fertilizers, 45 parts of Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKESs, 8 parts, zinc sulfate and the peats composed of rotten mosses, after stirring, pulverize the particle of making 2mm, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
Embodiment 2
The preparation method of the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improvement soil, comprises the steps:
A. by fresh chicken manure and cattle manure by the photosynthetic bacteria of sprinkling per ton 3,000 hundred million units, be that under 12000LUX condition, illumination is carried out deodorizing in 24 hours in intensity of illumination, obtain deodorizing chicken manure and deodorizing cattle manure;
B. get by weight 600 parts of deodorizing chicken manures, 300 parts of deodorizing cattle manures, 0.6 part, thermophilic side born of the same parents mould, 0.6 part of black-koji mould, 120 parts, vinasse, 5 parts, brown sugar, 8 parts of 20 parts of 120 parts of stalks, Semen Maydis powder after pulverizing and potassium primary phosphates, after stirring 60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 10 days, after turning again 60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 10 days, then air-dry to moisture weight ratio be 40%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation I;
C. get by weight 6 parts, 65 parts of dregs of beans, 85 parts, wheat bran, 110 parts of calcium powders, 0.6 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.6 part of subtilis, 0.6 part of milk-acid bacteria, 4 parts of sucrose and ferrous sulfate, after stirring 60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 5 days, turn over after code again 60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 5 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 40%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation II;
D. get by weight 43 parts of step B gained preparation I, 26 parts of step C gained preparation II, then add by weight 2.5 parts of 0.6 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.6 part of subtilis, 0.6 part of black-koji mould, 0.6 part of white light gray streptomycete, 0.6 part of Lu Sheng cyanobacteria, 0.6 part of photosynthetic bacteria and dinoflagellates, 30 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 3 days, again by tunning under 30 ℃ of conditions air-dry to moisture weight percent be 20%, obtain the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism;
E. get by weight 72 parts of the survival and reproduction base-materials of step D gained microorganism, then add by weight 30 parts of 90 parts of potassium oxides, 40 parts of ammonium fertilizers, 75 parts of amide nitrogen fertilizers, 50 parts of Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKESs, 12 parts, zinc sulfate and the peats composed of rotten mosses, after stirring, pulverize the particle of making 8mm, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
Embodiment 3
The preparation method of the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improvement soil, comprises the steps:
A. by fresh chicken manure and cattle manure by the photosynthetic bacteria of sprinkling per ton 3,000 hundred million units, be that under 10000LUX condition, illumination is carried out deodorizing in 18 hours in intensity of illumination, obtain deodorizing chicken manure and deodorizing cattle manure;
B. get by weight 550 parts of deodorizing chicken manures, 280 parts of deodorizing cattle manures, 0.5 part, thermophilic side born of the same parents mould, 0.5 part of black-koji mould, 110 parts, vinasse, 4 parts, brown sugar, 6 parts of 18 parts of 100 parts of stalks, Semen Maydis powder after pulverizing and potassium primary phosphates, after stirring 55 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 8 days, after turning again 55 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 8 days, then air-dry to moisture weight ratio be 38%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation I;
C. get by weight 5 parts, 60 parts of dregs of beans, 80 parts, wheat bran, 105 parts of calcium powders, 0.5 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.5 part of subtilis, 0.5 part of milk-acid bacteria, 3 parts of sucrose and ferrous sulfate, after stirring, under 58 ℃ of conditions, ferment 4 days, turn over after code again 58 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 4 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 38%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation II; D. get by weight 40 parts of step B gained preparation I, 25 parts of step C gained preparation II, then add by weight 2 parts of 0.5 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.5 part of subtilis, 0.5 part of black-koji mould, 0.5 part of white light gray streptomycete, 0.5 part of Lu Sheng cyanobacteria, 0.5 part of photosynthetic bacteria and dinoflagellates, 28 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 3 days, again by tunning under 28 ℃ of conditions air-dry to moisture weight percent be 18%, obtain the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism;
E. get by weight 71 parts of the survival and reproduction base-materials of step D gained microorganism, then add by weight 28 parts of 80 parts of potassium oxides, 37 parts of ammonium fertilizers, 72 parts of amide nitrogen fertilizers, 48 parts of Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKESs, 10 parts, zinc sulfate and the peats composed of rotten mosses, after stirring, pulverize the particle of making 3mm, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
In above-described embodiment, the moisture weight percent of smelly chicken manure is 70%, and the moisture weight percent of cattle manure is 70%, but also can use chicken manure and the cattle manure of other moisture contents; In step B; The concentration of thermophilic side born of the same parents mould and black-koji mould is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram; In like manner in step C, the concentration of bacillus megaterium, subtilis and milk-acid bacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram; Bacillus megaterium in step D, subtilis, black-koji mould, streptomycete, the concentration of Lu Sheng cyanobacteria and photosynthetic bacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and its concentration is too low will extend fermentation time.
Application Example 1
Test is located at 2 societies of grand plan village, Shui Jiang town, Nanchuan District, and test corn variety is No. 80, Dongdan, is damp husky earth for test soil, the husky earth of quality, and height above sea level 558M, test soil fertility is medium, has irrigation conditions, experimental plot area 100m 2, establish three iteron groups arrangements and average, test and average for 2 years.
Fertilizing method: according to the commitment principle of equal value, experimental group 1,2 and 3 is used respectively corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer prepared by embodiment 1-3, uses 120kg for every mu; Control group 1 is used the composite fertilizer that nitrogen phosphorus potassium mass ratio is 15-5-5, uses 70kg for every mu; Control group 2 every mu use 50 kg urea, 60 kilograms of calcium superphosphate; Simultaneously not apply fertilizer, to do out of crop blank, then measure corn yield, and adopt potassium bichromate titrimetric method to measure soil organic matter content, Potentiometric Determination soil pH value, microbes biomass carbon measuring method are measured soil microorganisms and are utilized core cutter method to calculate soil porosity and soil capillary porosity, and result is as shown in table 1.
Table 1, use corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer result
Note: soil sample adopts 7 samplings of S shape
As shown in Table 1, after using corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of the present invention, corn yield is improved, and soil aggregate all improves as soil porosity and soil capillary porosity, and soil organic matter content, microbial biomass C and soil pH value are all improved simultaneously.Show that corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer prepared by the present invention has effect of improving soil aggregate and other indexs, can be widely used in corn planting.
Comparative example 1
The Chinese patent that corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer prepared by embodiment of the present invention 1-3 and publication number are CN101186530A carries out simultaneous test.Test is located at 4 societies of Yin Jiaba village, Yunlong town, Liangping County, and test corn variety is No. 80, Dongdan, is the husky earth of grey brown purple mud tide for test soil, the husky earth of quality, and height above sea level 524M, test soil fertility is medium, has irrigation conditions, experimental plot area 100m 2, establish three iteron groups arrangements and average, test and average for 2 years.
Fertilizing method: according to the commitment principle of equal value, experimental group 1,2 and 3 is used respectively corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer prepared by embodiment 1-3, uses 120 kilograms for every mu; It is the disclosed fertilizer of CN101186530A that control group is used publication number, uses 120 kilograms for every mu; Not apply fertilizer, to do out of crop blank, then measure corresponding index according to the method for Application Example 1, result is as shown in table 2 simultaneously.
Table 2, corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer and fowl dung fermentation fertilizer comparing result
As shown in Table 2, use the corn yield of corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer prepared by the present invention compared with comparative group 1, output has improved 5% left and right, and organic matter obviously increases, soil porosity and capillary porosity more, therefore can be more conducive to water conservation, insulation and electric conductivity.Microbial biomass carbon also obviously increases simultaneously, its reason may be that this fertilizer contains the required nutrition of thalli growth, after fermentation, can in fertilizer, survive, after being manured into soil, can utilize nutritive substance continued growth in fertilizer, therefore the improved effect of soil being better than to publication number is the disclosed fertilizer of CN101186530A.
Finally explanation is, above preferred embodiment is only unrestricted in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, although the present invention is described in detail by above preferred embodiment, but those skilled in the art are to be understood that, can make various changes to it in the form and details, and not depart from the claims in the present invention book limited range.

Claims (10)

1. the preparation method of the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer of improvement soil, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
A. fresh chicken manure and cattle manure being pressed to the photosynthetic bacteria that sprays 2000-4000 hundred million units per ton, is to carry out deodorizing under 8000-12000Lux condition illumination 12-24 hour in intensity of illumination, obtains deodorizing chicken manure and deodorizing cattle manure;
B. get by weight stalk 90-120 part, Semen Maydis powder 15-20 part and potassium primary phosphate 5-8 part after deodorizing chicken manure 500-600 part, deodorizing cattle manure 250-300 part, sporotrichum thermophile bacterium 0.4-0.6 part, black-koji mould 0.4-0.6 part, vinasse 100-120 part, brown sugar 3-5 part, pulverizing, after stirring at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 7-10 days, after turning again at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 7-10 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 35-40%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation I;
C. get by weight dregs of beans 55-65 part, wheat bran 75-85 part, calcium powder 100-110 part, bacillus megaterium 0.4-0.6 part, subtilis 0.4-0.6 part, milk-acid bacteria 0.4-0.6 part, sucrose 2-4 part and ferrous sulfate 4-6 part, after stirring at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 3-5 days, turn over after code again at 50-60 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 3-5 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 35-40%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation II;
D. get by weight step B gained preparation I 40-43 part, step C gained preparation II 23-26 part, then add by weight bacillus megaterium 0.4-0.6 part, subtilis 0.4-0.6 part, black-koji mould 0.4-0.6 part, white light gray streptomycete 0.4-0.6 part, Lu Sheng cyanobacteria 0.4-0.6 part, photosynthetic bacteria 0.4-0.6 part and dinoflagellate 1.5-2.5 part, at 25-30 ℃ of condition bottom fermentation 2-3 days, again by tunning under 25-30 ℃ of condition air-dry to moisture weight percent be 15-20%, obtain the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism;
E. get by weight survival and reproduction base-material 70-72 part of step D gained microorganism, then add by weight potassium oxide 70-90 part, ammonium fertilizer 35-40 part, amide nitrogen fertilizer 70-75 part, Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES 45-50 part, zinc sulfate 8-12 part and peat composed of rotten mosses 25-30 part, after stirring, pulverize the particle of making 2-8mm, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
2. preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step B be get by weight 550 parts of deodorizing chicken manures, 280 parts of deodorizing cattle manures, 0.5 part of sporotrichum thermophile bacterium, 0.5 part of black-koji mould, 110 parts, vinasse, 4 parts, brown sugar, 6 parts of 18 parts of 100 parts of stalks, Semen Maydis powder after pulverizing and potassium primary phosphates, after stirring 55 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 8 days, turning, again 55 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 8 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 38%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation I.
3. preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step C is for getting by weight 5 parts, 60 parts of dregs of beans, 80 parts, wheat bran, 105 parts of calcium powders, 0.5 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.5 part of subtilis, 0.5 part of milk-acid bacteria, 3 parts of sucrose and ferrous sulfate, after stirring, under 58 ℃ of conditions, ferment 4 days, turn over after code again 58 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 4 days, then air-dry to moisture weight percent be 38%, through screening, magnetic separation obtains preparation II.
4. preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step D is for getting by weight 40 parts of step B gained preparation I, 25 parts of step C gained preparation II, then add by weight 2 parts of 0.5 part of bacillus megaterium, 0.5 part of subtilis, 0.5 part of black-koji mould, 0.5 part of white light gray streptomycete, 0.5 part of Lu Sheng cyanobacteria, 0.5 part of photosynthetic bacteria and dinoflagellates, 28 ℃ of condition bottom fermentations 3 days, again by tunning under 28 ℃ of conditions air-dry to moisture weight percent be 18%, obtain the survival and reproduction base-material of microorganism.
5. preparation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described step e is to get by weight 71 parts of the survival and reproduction base-materials of step D gained microorganism, then add by weight 28 parts of 80 parts of potassium oxides, 37 parts of ammonium fertilizers, 72 parts of amide nitrogen fertilizers, 48 parts of Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKESs, 10 parts, zinc sulfate and the peats composed of rotten mosses, after stirring, pulverize the particle of making 3mm, obtain corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer.
6. according to the preparation method described in claim 1-5 any one, it is characterized in that: in described steps A, the moisture weight percent of fresh chicken manure is 70%, and the moisture weight percent of fresh cattle manure is 70%.
7. according to the preparation method described in claim 1-5 any one, it is characterized in that: in described step B, the concentration of described sporotrichum thermophile bacterium is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described black-koji mould is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram.
8. according to the preparation method described in claim 1-5 any one, it is characterized in that: in described step C, the concentration of described bacillus megaterium is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described subtilis is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described milk-acid bacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram.
9. according to the preparation method described in claim 1-5 any one, it is characterized in that: in described step D, the concentration of described bacillus megaterium is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, the concentration of described subtilis is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, the concentration of described black-koji mould is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, the concentration of described white light gray streptomycete is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described Lu Sheng cyanobacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram, and the concentration of described photosynthetic bacteria is greater than 200,000,000 units/gram.
10. the corn specific complex microorganism fertilizer that utilizes the preparation method described in claim 1-9 any one to prepare.
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CN103664262A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-03-26 苏州科大微龙信息技术有限公司 Organic enzyme nitrogenous fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104003817B (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-12-30 齐鲁工业大学 Special disease-resistant compound microbial bacterial manure of a kind of corn and preparation method thereof
CN104402610B (en) * 2014-11-21 2017-04-19 河南省科学院生物研究所有限责任公司 Special compound microbial fertilizer for corn top dressing
CN104803719A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-07-29 徐伟明 Organic fertilizer using enzyme fermented residues as raw material
CN105237094A (en) * 2015-09-11 2016-01-13 江苏振宇环保科技有限公司 Steppe soil moisture retention enhancing material preparation method
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